Religious name
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A religious name is a type of
given name A given name (also known as a first name or forename) is the part of a quoted in that identifies a person, potentially with a as well, and differentiates that person from the other members of a group (typically a or ) who have a common . ...
bestowed for a religious purposes, and which is generally used in such contexts.


Christianity


Catholic Church


Baptismal name

In
baptism Baptism (from the noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a of and , almost invariably with the use of water, into . It may be performed by or water on the head, or by either partially or completely. The s recount that . Baptism is c ...

baptism
,
Catholics The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ri ...

Catholics
are given a
Christian name A Christian name, sometimes referred to as a baptismal name, is a religious Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware ...
, which should not be "foreign to Christian sentiment" and is often the name of a
saint In religious belief, a saint is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness Sacred describes something that is dedicated or set apart for the service or worship of a deity A deity or god is a supernatural being ...

saint
.Catholic Activity: Baptismal Names
/ref> In East Asia, in
Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous , after in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of 's total surface area and 20% of its land area.Sayre ...

Africa
and elsewhere, the baptismal name is distinct from the traditional-style given name. Traditionally, Orthodox and Catholic christians celebrate their
name day In Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of Jesus, Jesus of Nazareth. It is the Major religious ...
(i.e., the feast day of their patron saint), rather than their birthday.


Confirmation name

In some countries, it is common to adopt a
confirmation name A woodcut depicting the confirmation of Lutheran youth In Christian denominations that practice infant baptism Infant baptism is the practice of baptising infants or young child Biologically, a child (plural children) is a human ...
, always the name of a
saint In religious belief, a saint is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness Sacred describes something that is dedicated or set apart for the service or worship of a deity A deity or god is a supernatural being ...

saint
, in addition to the baptismal name. The saint whose name is taken is henceforth considered to be a
patron saint A branch of Saint Honore Cake Shop, a Hong Kong chain bakery, in Hong Kong. Honorius of Amiens">Saint Honorius (Honoré) is the patron saint of bakers and confectioners. A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a ...
.


Monastic name

In general, religious names are used among the persons of the
consecrated life Consecrated life (also known as religious life) is a state of life in the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, ...
. In most
religious institute A religious institute is a type of institute of consecrated life An institute of consecrated life is an association of faithful in the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, often referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Ch ...
s, a new member is traditionally either given a
religious Religion is a - of designated and practices, , s, s, , , , , or , that relates humanity to , , and elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion. Different religions may or may not contain v ...
name or chooses one. This could be either the name of a
beatified Beatification (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of th ...
or a venerable of the church, an honorific title of the Virgin Mary, or even a virtue or something similar. Apart from that, it is possible to keep the baptismal name as a religious name, too. The name is taken usually either upon
investiture Investiture (from the Latin preposition ''in'' and verb ''vestire'', "dress" from ''vestis'' "robe"), is the formal installation or ceremony in which a person is given the authority and regalia of a high office. Investiture can include formal dre ...
or on the occasion of taking the first vows, in some communities prior to the entry of a new
postulantA postulant (from la, postulare, to ask) was originally one who makes a request or demand; hence, a candidate. The use of the term is now generally restricted to those asking for admission into a Christian monastery A monastery is a building or ...
.


Papal name

A newly elected
pope The pope ( la, papa, from el, πάππας, translit=pappas, "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff () or the Roman pontiff (), is the bishop of Diocese of Rome, Rome, chief pastor of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state o ...

pope
traditionally takes on a new name, called his
regnal name A regnal name, or regnant name or reign name, is the name used by monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Houghton Mifflin. Boston. 2001. p. 707. Life tenure, for life or until abdication, and therefore the ...
or
papal name A list of popes buried in Vatican Vatican may refer to: The Holy See * The Holy See The Holy See ( lat, Sancta Sedes, ; it, Santa Sede ), also called the See of Rome, is the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope, which i ...
.


Lutheran Church

In the
Lutheran Church Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestantism Protestantism is a form of Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life ...

Lutheran Church
es, those who receive the sacrament of
baptism Baptism (from the noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a of and , almost invariably with the use of water, into . It may be performed by or water on the head, or by either partially or completely. The s recount that . Baptism is c ...

baptism
are given a
Christian name A Christian name, sometimes referred to as a baptismal name, is a religious Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware ...
.


Eastern Church


Baptismal name

In the
Eastern Orthodox Church The Eastern Orthodox Church, also called the Orthodox Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 220 million baptised members. It operates as a communion Communion may refer to: Religion * The Eucharist (also call ...
and
Eastern Catholicism The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, Eastern Rite Catholicism, or simply the Eastern Churches, are twenty-three Eastern Christian ''sui iuris'' (autonomous) particular chur ...
converts often take a new name at the time of their reception into the church. When deciding on a name for their child, Orthodox parents will often name the child after a
saint In religious belief, a saint is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness Sacred describes something that is dedicated or set apart for the service or worship of a deity A deity or god is a supernatural being ...

saint
whose
feast day The calendar of saints is the traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saint In religious belief, a saint is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of Q-D-Š, ho ...
falls on either the day of the child's birth or the day of its baptism.


Monastic name

Orthodox and Eastern catholic
monk A monk (, from el, μοναχός, ''monachos'', "single, solitary" via ''monachus'') is a person who practices religious by living, either alone or with any number of other monks. A monk may be a person who decides to dedicate his life ...

monk
s and
nun A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience The three evangelical counsels or counsels of perfection in Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Mo ...

nun
s are often given a new monastic name at the time of their
investiture Investiture (from the Latin preposition ''in'' and verb ''vestire'', "dress" from ''vestis'' "robe"), is the formal installation or ceremony in which a person is given the authority and regalia of a high office. Investiture can include formal dre ...
.


Judaism

Converts to Judaism Conversion to Judaism ( he, גיור, ''giyur'') is the process by which gentile, non-Jews adopt the Judaism, Jewish religion and become members of the Jewish ethnoreligion, ethnoreligious community. It thus resembles both religious conversion, ...
take a
Hebrew name A Hebrew name is a name A name is a term used for identification by an external observer. They can identify a class or category of things, or a single thing, either uniquely, or within a given context. The entity identified by a name is calle ...
upon conversion. Born Jews generally have a
patronymic A patronymic, or patronym, is a component of a based on the of one's father, grandfather (avonymic), or an earlier male ancestor. A component of a name based on the name of one's mother or a female ancestor is a . A name based on the name of ...
Hebrew name which is used for religious purposes; this is frequently different from their
legal name A legal name is the name that identifies a person for legal, administrative and other official purposes. A person's first legal name generally is the name of the person that was given for the purpose of Civil registry, registration of the birth and ...
, especially when the latter is of gentile or non-Hebrew origin.


Buddhism

All Buddhism, Buddhist denominations also practice this, with newly ordained Sangha (Buddhism), Sangha members given new Buddhist names by their master or preceptors. Lay Buddhists (Upāsaka and Upāsikā) are also given Buddhist names during their Refuge (Buddhism), Tisarana ceremony.


Taoism

All Taoist sects have similar practice like Chinese Buddhism, where all newly ordained Taoist priests or monks are given Taoist name related on their sect's lineage. Lay Taoists who participate in the initiation ceremony are also given Taoist name.


Others


Gaudiya Vaishnavism

Members of International Society for Krishna Consciousness, ISKCON and some other Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Gaudiya Vaishnava organisations are given a "spiritual name" by their guru upon initiation. This name ends in "Das" or "Dasa" for men and "Dasi" for women (meaning "servant"), and generally begins with the same letter as the devotee's given name.


Wicca

In Wicca, a craft name is often used.


Parody religions

It is usual for a Discordianism#Episkopos, Discordian Episkopos to adopt a faux-mystical and bizarre name for the duration of the Episkoposity; such names are not immutable and are frequently adapted over time. The same is true for the clergy of the related Church of the SubGenius.


References


External links


Name change on religious conversion
UK Deed poll, Deed Poll {{DEFAULTSORT:Religious Name Human names Religious practices