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France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a spanning and in the and the , and s. Its extends from the to the and from the to the and the ; overseas territories include in , in the N ...

France
is divided into eighteen administrative regions (french: régions, singular ), of which thirteen are located in
metropolitan France Metropolitan France (french: France métropolitaine or ''la Métropole''), also known as European France, is the area of France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily l ...

metropolitan France
(in
Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the westernmost peninsulas of the of Eurasia, it shares the continental landmass of with both and , and is bordered by the to the ...

Europe
), while the other five are overseas regions (not to be confused with the overseas collectivities, which have a semi-autonomous status). All of the thirteen metropolitan administrative regions (including
Corsica Corsica (, Upper , Southern , ; french: link=no, Corse ; lij, link=no, Còrsega) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the Regions of France, 18 regions of France. It is the fourth-largest island in the Mediterranean and lies southea ...

Corsica
) are further subdivided into two to thirteen administrative
departments Department may refer to: * DepartmentalizationDepartmentalization (or departmentalisation) refers to the process of grouping activities into departments. Division of labour creates Expert, specialists who need :wikt:coordination, coordination. This ...
, with the
prefect Prefect (from the Latin ''praefectus'', substantive adjectival form of ''praeficere'': "put in front", meaning in charge) is a Magistrate, magisterial title of varying definition, but essentially refers to the leader of an administrative area. ...
of each region's administrative centre's department also acting as the regional prefect. The overseas regions administratively consist of only one department each and hence also have the status of overseas departments. Most administrative regions also have the status of regional territorial collectivities, which comes with a
local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civ ...
, with departmental and communal collectivities below the region level. The exceptions are
Corsica Corsica (, Upper , Southern , ; french: link=no, Corse ; lij, link=no, Còrsega) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the Regions of France, 18 regions of France. It is the fourth-largest island in the Mediterranean and lies southea ...

Corsica
,
French Guiana French Guiana ( or ; french: link=no, Guyane ) is an overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity A single territorial collectivity (french: collectivité territoriale ''unique'') is a chartered subdivision of France ...

French Guiana
,
Mayotte Mayotte (french: Mayotte, ; Shimaore language, Shimaore: ''Maore'', ; mg, Maiôty) is an overseas department and region, overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French ...

Mayotte
and
Martinique Martinique ( , ; gcf, label=Martinican Creole Antillean Creole (Antillean French Creole, Kreyol, Kwéyòl, Patois) is a French-based creole languages, French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles. Its grammar and v ...

Martinique
, where region and department functions are managed by single local governments having consolidated jurisdiction and which are known as single territorial collectivities.


History


1982–2015

The term ''région'' was officially created by the Law of Decentralisation (2 March 1982), which also gave regions their legal status. The first direct elections for regional representatives took place on 16 March 1986. Between 1982 and 2015, there were 22 regions in Metropolitan France. Before 2011, there were four overseas regions (
French Guiana French Guiana ( or ; french: link=no, Guyane ) is an overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity A single territorial collectivity (french: collectivité territoriale ''unique'') is a chartered subdivision of France ...

French Guiana
,
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe (; ; gcf, label=Antillean Creole, Gwadloup, ) is an archipelago and Overseas departments and regions of France, overseas department and region of France in the Caribbean. It consists of six inhabited islands—Basse-Terre Island, Bas ...
,
Martinique Martinique ( , ; gcf, label=Martinican Creole Antillean Creole (Antillean French Creole, Kreyol, Kwéyòl, Patois) is a French-based creole languages, French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles. Its grammar and v ...

Martinique
, and
Réunion Réunion (french: La Réunion, ; previously ''Île Bourbon''; rcf, label=Réunion Creole, Reunionese Creole, La Rénion) is an island in the Indian Ocean that is an overseas departments and regions of France, overseas department and region of ...

Réunion
); in 2011
Mayotte Mayotte (french: Mayotte, ; Shimaore language, Shimaore: ''Maore'', ; mg, Maiôty) is an overseas department and region, overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French ...

Mayotte
became the fifth. } ,
Strasbourg Strasbourg (, , ; german: Straßburg ; gsw, label= , Strossburi , gsw, label= , Strossburig ) is the and largest city of the of and the of the . Located at the with Germany in the historic region of , it is the prefecture of the . I ...

Strasbourg
, align=center, 42 , Formerly a coalition of free cities in
Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Europe, Western, Central Europe, Central and Southern Europe that developed during the Early Middle Age ...
, attached to
Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France, frm, Royaulme de France, french: link=no, Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe. It was among the most powerful states in Europe and a great power from the ...
in 1648; annexed by Germany from
Franco-Prussian war The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War,, german: Deutsch-Französischer Krieg often referred to in France as the War of 1870, was a conflict between the Second French Empire (later the Third French Republic) and the North German Confeder ...
to the end of
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
and briefly during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved —including all of the great powers—forming two opposing s: the and the . In a total war directly involving m ...
, - , ,
Aquitaine Aquitaine ( , , ; oc, Aquitània ; eu, Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: ''Aguiéne''), archaic Guyenne or Guienne ( oc, Guiana), is a historical region of southwestern France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=n ...

Aquitaine
,
Aquitaine Aquitaine ( , , ; oc, Aquitània ; eu, Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: ''Aguiéne''), archaic Guyenne or Guienne ( oc, Guiana), is a historical region of southwestern France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=n ...
, oc, Aquitània
eu, Akitania
Saintongeais
Saintongeais
: ''Aguiéne'' ,
Bordeaux Bordeaux ( , ; Gascon oc, Bordèu ) is a port city on the river Garonne The Garonne (, also , ; Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no , ), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance l ...

Bordeaux
, align=center, 72 ,
Guyenne Guyenne or Guienne (; oc, Guiana ) was an old French province which corresponded roughly to the Roman province of '' Aquitania Secunda'' and the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bordeaux, archdiocese of Bordeaux. The name "Guyenne" comes from ''Ag ...

Guyenne
and
Gascony Gascony (; french: Gascogne ; oc, Gasconha ; eu, Gaskoinia) was a province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major terr ...
, - , ,
Auvergne Auvergne (; ; oc, label=Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no ,), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, a ...

Auvergne
,
Auvergne Auvergne (; ; oc, label=Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no ,), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, a ...
, oc, Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha ,
Clermont-Ferrand Clermont-Ferrand (, ; ; oc, label=Auvergnat (dialect), Auvergnat, Clharmou; la, Augustonemetum) is a city and Communes of France, commune of France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes regions of France, region, with a population of 143,886 (2017). Its ...

Clermont-Ferrand
, align=center, 83 , Former province of Auvergne , - , ,
Brittany Brittany (; french: link=no, Bretagne ; br, Breizh, or ; Gallo language, Gallo: ''Bertaèyn'' ) is a peninsula and cultural region in the west of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occup ...
, '' Bretagne'' , br, Breizh
Gallo: ''Bertaèyn'' ,
Rennes Rennes (; br, Roazhon ; Gallo: ''Resnn''; ) is a city in the east of Brittany Brittany (; french: link=no, Bretagne ; br, Breizh, or ; Gallo language, Gallo: ''Bertaèyn'' ) is a peninsula, historical region, historical country, and c ...

Rennes
, align=center, 53 ,
Duchy of Brittany The Duchy of Brittany ( br, Dugelezh Breizh, ; french: Duché de Bretagne) was a medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and t ...
, - , ,
Burgundy Burgundy (; french: link=no, Bourgogne ) is a historical territory and a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organizati ...

Burgundy
, ''
Bourgogne Burgundy (; french: link=no, Bourgogne ) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of east-central France. It is named for the Burgundians The Burgundians ( la, Burgundiōnes, Burgundī; on, Burgundar; ang, Burgendas; ...
'' , Burgundian: ''Bregogne'Borgoégne''
frp, Borgogne ,
Dijon Dijon (, , ) (dated) * it, Digione * la, Diviō or * lmo, Digion is the prefecture of the Côte-d'Or Côte-d'Or (; literally, "Golden Slope" or "Golden Coast") is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Bourgogne-Franche-Comt ...

Dijon
, align=center, 26 ,
Duchy of Burgundy The Duchy of Burgundy (; la, Ducatus Burgundiae; french: Duché de Bourgogne, ) emerged in the 9th century as one of the successors of the ancient Kingdom of the Burgundians The Kingdom of the Burgundians or First Kingdom of Burgundy was establi ...

Duchy of Burgundy
, - , ,
Centre-Val de Loire Centre-Val de Loire (, , ,In isolation, ''Centre'' is pronounced . ; Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no , ), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages ( ...
New name as of 17 January 2015; formerly named ''Centre''. , ''
Centre-Val de Loire Centre-Val de Loire (, , ,In isolation, ''Centre'' is pronounced . ; Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no , ), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages ( ...
'' , ,
Orléans Orléans (;"Orleans"
(US) and
,
, align=center, 24 , Located in north-central France; straddles the middle of the
Loire Valley The Loire Valley (french: Val de Loire, link=no, ), spanning , is a valley A valley is an elongated low area often running between hills or mountains, which will typically contain a river or stream running from one end to the other. Most ...
, - , ,
Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne () is a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit ...
, ''
Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne () is a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit ...
'' , ,
Châlons-en-
Champagne

Châlons-en-<br/>Champagne
, align=center, 21 , Former
province of Champagne Champagne () was a provinces of France, province in the northeast of the Kingdom of France, now best known as the Champagne (wine region), Champagne wine region for the champagne, sparkling white wine that bears its name in modern-day France. The ...
, - , ,
Franche-Comté Franche-Comté (, ; ; Frainc-Comtou: ''Fraintche-Comtè''; frp, Franche-Comtât; also german: Freigrafschaft; es, Franco Condado; all ) is a cultural and historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographic areas which at ...

Franche-Comté
, ''
Franche-Comté Franche-Comté (, ; ; Frainc-Comtou: ''Fraintche-Comtè''; frp, Franche-Comtât; also german: Freigrafschaft; es, Franco Condado; all ) is a cultural and historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographic areas which at ...
'' , Frainc-Comtou dialect, Franc-Comtois: ''Fràntche-Comté''
frp, Franche-Comtât , Besançon , align=center, 43 , Free County of Burgundy (''Franche-Comté'') , - , , Île-de-France , :fr:Île-de-France, Île-de-France , , Paris , align=center, 11 , Île-de-France, Province of Île-de-France and parts of the former Champagne (province), province of Champagne , - , , Languedoc-Roussillon , :fr:Languedoc-Roussillon, Languedoc-Roussillon , oc, Lengadòc-Rosselhon
ca, Llenguadoc-Rosselló , Montpellier , align=center, 91 , Former provinces of Languedoc and Roussillon , - , , Limousin , :fr:Limousin, Limousin , oc, Lemosin , Limoges , align=center, 74 , Former Limousin (province), province of Limousin and parts of Marches#France, Marche, Berry (province), Berry, Auvergne (province), Auvergne, Poitou and Angoumois , - , , Lorraine , :fr:Lorraine (ancienne région administrative), Lorraine , german: Lothringen
Lorraine Franconian: ''Lottringe'' , Metz , align=center, 41 , Named for Charlemagne's son Lothair I, the kingdom of Lotharingia is etymologically the source for the name Lorraine (duchy), Lothringen (German), Lottringe (Lorraine Franconian) , - , , Lower Normandy , '':fr:Basse-Normandie, Basse-Normandie'' , Norman language, Norman: ''Basse-Normaundie'' , Caen , align=center, 25 , Western half of former province of Normandy , - , , Midi-Pyrénées , :fr:Midi-Pyrénées, Midi-Pyrénées , oc, Miègjorn-Pirenèus
oc, Mieidia-Pirenèus , Toulouse , align=center, 73 , None; created for Toulouse , - , , Nord-Pas-de-Calais , :fr:Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais , , Lille , align=center, 31 , Nord (French department), Nord and Pas-de-Calais departments , - , , Pays de la Loire , :fr:Pays de la Loire, Pays de la Loire , br, Broioù al Liger , Nantes , align=center, 52 , None; created for Nantes , - , , Picardy , '':fr:Picardie (ancienne région administrative), Picardie'' , , Amiens , align=center, 22 , Former province of Picardy , - , , Poitou-Charentes , :fr:Poitou-Charentes, Poitou-Charentes , oc, Peitau-Charantas
Poitevin dialect, Poitevin and
Saintongeais
Saintongeais
: ''Poetou-Chérentes'' , Poitiers , align=center, 54 , Former provinces of Angoumois, Aunis, Poitou and County of Saintonge, Saintonge , - , , Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA) , :fr:Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA) , style="white-space:nowrap;", Provençal dialect, Provençal: ''Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur''
(''Prouvènço-Aup-Costo d'Azur'') , Marseille , align=center, 93 , Former province of Provence , - , , Rhône-Alpes , '':fr:Rhône-Alpes, Rhône-Alpes'' , frp, Rôno-Arpes
oc, Ròse Aups , Lyon , align=center, 82 , Created for Lyon from Dauphiné and Lyonnais provinces and Savoy , - , , Upper Normandy , '':fr:Haute-Normandie, Haute-Normandie'' , Norman language, Norman: ''Ĥâote-Normaundie'' , Rouen , align=center, 23 , Eastern half of former province of Normandy


Reform and mergers of regions

In 2014, the French parliament passed a law reducing the number of metropolitan regions from 22 to 13 effective 1 January 2016. The law gave interim names for most of the new regions by combining the names of the former regions, e.g. the region composed of
Aquitaine Aquitaine ( , , ; oc, Aquitània ; eu, Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: ''Aguiéne''), archaic Guyenne or Guienne ( oc, Guiana), is a historical region of southwestern France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=n ...

Aquitaine
, Poitou-Charentes and Limousin was temporarily called ''Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes''. However, the combined region of Upper and Lower Normandy is simply called "Normandy" (''Normandie''). Permanent names were proposed by the new regional councils by 1 July 2016 and new names confirmed by the Conseil d'État (France), Conseil d'État by 30 September 2016. The legislation defining the new regions also allowed the Centre region to officially change its name to "
Centre-Val de Loire Centre-Val de Loire (, , ,In isolation, ''Centre'' is pronounced . ; Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no , ), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages ( ...
" with effect from January 2015. Two regions, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, opted to retain their interim names. File:France proposal regions (2009) map.svg , Édouard Balladur's proposal File:France proposal regions (2014) map.svg , Manuel Valls's proposal A File:France proposal regions (2014) map2.svg, Manuel Valls's proposal B File:France proposal regions (2014) map3.svg, President François Hollande's proposal File:France assembly vote.svg, Regions as instituted by the National Assembly (France), National Assembly in 2014 Given below is a table of former regions and which new region they became part of.


List of administrative regions

}
frp, Ôvèrgne-Rôno-Arpes , Lyon , align="right" , 69,711 , 204 , align="center" , 84 ,
Auvergne Auvergne (; ; oc, label=Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no ,), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, a ...

Auvergne

Rhône-Alpes , Laurent Wauquiez (The Republicans (France), LR) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
(Burgundy-Free County) , frp, Borgogne-Franche-Comtât , Besançon , align="right" , 47,784 , 100 , align="center" , 27 ,
Burgundy Burgundy (; french: link=no, Bourgogne ) is a historical territory and a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organizati ...

Burgundy

Franche-Comté Franche-Comté (, ; ; Frainc-Comtou: ''Fraintche-Comtè''; frp, Franche-Comtât; also german: Freigrafschaft; es, Franco Condado; all ) is a cultural and historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographic areas which at ...

Franche-Comté
, Marie-Guite Dufay (Socialist Party (France), PS) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Brittany (administrative region), Bretagne
(Brittany) , br, Breizh
Gallo: ''Bertaèyn'' ,
Rennes Rennes (; br, Roazhon ; Gallo: ''Resnn''; ) is a city in the east of Brittany Brittany (; french: link=no, Bretagne ; br, Breizh, or ; Gallo language, Gallo: ''Bertaèyn'' ) is a peninsula, historical region, historical country, and c ...

Rennes
, align="right" , 27,208 , 83 , align="center" , 53 , ''unchanged'' , Loïg Chesnais-Girard (Socialist Party (France), PS) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region ,
Centre-Val de Loire Centre-Val de Loire (, , ,In isolation, ''Centre'' is pronounced . ; Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no , ), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages ( ...

(Centre-Loire Valley) , ,
Orléans Orléans (;"Orleans"
(US) and
,
, align="right" , 39,151 , 77 , align="center" , 24 , ''unchanged'' , François Bonneau (Socialist Party (France), PS) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Corsica, Corse
(Corsica) , co, Corsica , Ajaccio , align="right" , 8,680 , 63 , align="center" , 94 , ''unchanged'' , Jean-Guy Talamoni (CL) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Grand Est
(Great East) , german: Großer Osten ,
Strasbourg Strasbourg (, , ; german: Straßburg ; gsw, label= , Strossburi , gsw, label= , Strossburig ) is the and largest city of the of and the of the . Located at the with Germany in the historic region of , it is the prefecture of the . I ...

Strasbourg
, align="right" , 57,441 , 169 , align="center" , 44 , Alsace
Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne () is a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit ...

Lorraine , Jean Rottner (The Republicans (France), LR) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Hauts-de-France
(Upper France) , , Lille , align="right" , 31,806 , 170 , align="center" , 32 , Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Picardy , Xavier Bertrand (The Republicans (France), LR) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Île-de-France
(Island of France) , , Paris , align="right" , 12,011 , 209 , align="center" , 11 , ''unchanged'' , Valérie Pécresse (The Republicans (France), LR) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Normandy (administrative region), Normandie
(Normandy) , Norman language, Norman: ''Normaundie'' , Caen , align="right" , 29,907 , 102 , align="center" , 28 , Upper Normandy
Lower Normandy , Hervé Morin (The Centrists, LC) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Nouvelle-Aquitaine
(New Aquitaine) , oc, Nòva Aquitània / Nava Aquitània / Novela Aquitània
eu, Akitania Berria
,
Bordeaux Bordeaux ( , ; Gascon oc, Bordèu ) is a port city on the river Garonne The Garonne (, also , ; Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no , ), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance l ...

Bordeaux
, align="right" , 84,036 , 183 , align="center" , 75 ,
Aquitaine Aquitaine ( , , ; oc, Aquitània ; eu, Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: ''Aguiéne''), archaic Guyenne or Guienne ( oc, Guiana), is a historical region of southwestern France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=n ...

Aquitaine

Limousin
Poitou-Charentes , Alain Rousset (Socialist Party (France), PS) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Occitanie (Occitania) , oc, Occitània
ca, Occitània , Toulouse , align="right" , 72,724 , 158 , align="center" , 76 , Languedoc-Roussillon
Midi-Pyrénées , Carole Delga (Socialist Party (France), PS) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Pays de la Loire
(Loire Countries) , br, Broioù al Liger , Nantes , align="right" , 32,082 , 93 , align="center" , 52 , ''unchanged'' , Christelle Morançais (The Republicans (France), LR) , , - , bgcolor="lightgray" , Metropolitan region , Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
(Provence-Alps-Azure Coast) , Provençal dialect, Provençal: ''Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur''
(''Prouvènço-Aup-Costo d'Azur'') , Marseille , align="right" , 31,400 , 123 , align="center" , 93 , ''unchanged'' , Renaud Muselier (The Republicans (France), LR) , , - , bgcolor="cyan" , Overseas region ,
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe (; ; gcf, label=Antillean Creole, Gwadloup, ) is an archipelago and Overseas departments and regions of France, overseas department and region of France in the Caribbean. It consists of six inhabited islands—Basse-Terre Island, Bas ...
, Antillean Creole: ''Gwadloup'' , Basse-Terre , align="right" , 1,628 , 41 , align="center" , 01 , ''unchanged'' , Ary Chalus (United Guadeloupe, Socialism and Realities, GUSR) , , - , bgcolor="cyan" , Overseas region , French Guiana, Guyane
(French Guiana) , , Cayenne , align="right" , 83,534 , 51 , align="center" , 03 , ''unchanged'' , Rodolphe Alexandre (Guianese Socialist Party, PSG) , , - , bgcolor="cyan" , Overseas region , Réunion, La Réunion
(Réunion) , Reunion Creole: ''La Rényon'' , Saint-Denis, Réunion, Saint-Denis , align="right" , 2,504 , 45 , align="center" , 04 , ''unchanged'' , Didier Robert (The Republicans (France), LR) , , - , bgcolor="cyan" , Overseas region ,
Martinique Martinique ( , ; gcf, label=Martinican Creole Antillean Creole (Antillean French Creole, Kreyol, Kwéyòl, Patois) is a French-based creole languages, French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles. Its grammar and v ...

Martinique
, Antillean Creole: ''Matinik'' , Fort-de-France , align="right" , 1,128 , 51 , align="center" , 02 , ''unchanged'' , Claude Lise (RDM) , , - , bgcolor="cyan" , Overseas region ,
Mayotte Mayotte (french: Mayotte, ; Shimaore language, Shimaore: ''Maore'', ; mg, Maiôty) is an overseas department and region, overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French ...

Mayotte
, Shimaore dialect, Shimaore: ''Maore''
Malagasy language, Malagasy: ''Mahori'' , Mamoudzou , align="right" , 374 , 26 , align="center" , 06 , ''unchanged'' , Soibahadine Ibrahim Ramadani (LR) , , - ! ! ! ! !632,734 !1,910 ! ! ! !


Role

Regions lack separate legislative authority and therefore cannot write their own statutory law. They levy their own taxes and, in return, receive a decreasing part of their budget from the central government, which gives them a portion of the taxes it levies. They also have considerable budgets managed by a Regional councils of France, regional council ''(conseil régional)'' made up of representatives voted into office in regional elections. A region's primary responsibility is to build and furnish high schools. In March 2004, the French central government unveiled a controversial plan to transfer regulation of certain categories of non-teaching school staff to the regional authorities. Critics of this plan contended that tax revenue was insufficient to pay for the resulting costs, and that such measures would increase regional inequalities. In addition, regions have considerable discretionary power over infrastructural spending, e.g., education, public transit, universities and research, and assistance to business owners. This has meant that the heads of wealthy regions such as Île-de-France or Rhône-Alpes can be high-profile positions. Proposals to give regions limited legislative autonomy have met with considerable resistance; others propose transferring certain powers from the departments to their respective regions, leaving the former with limited authority.


Regional control

Number of regions controlled by each coalition since 1986 French regional elections, 1986.


Overseas regions

Overseas region (french: Région d'outre-mer) is a recent designation, given to the overseas departments that have similar powers to those of the regions of
metropolitan France Metropolitan France (french: France métropolitaine or ''la Métropole''), also known as European France, is the area of France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily l ...

metropolitan France
. As integral parts of the France, French Republic, they are represented in the French National Assembly, National Assembly, French Senate, Senate and French Economic and Social Council, Economic and Social Council, elect a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) and use the euro as their currency. Although these territories have had these political powers since 1982, when France's decentralisation policy dictated that they be given elected Regional councils of France, regional councils along with other regional powers, the designation ''overseas regions'' dates only to the 2003 constitutional change; indeed, the new wording of the constitution aims to give no precedence to either appellation ''overseas department'' or ''overseas region'', although the second is still virtually unused by French media. The following have overseas region status: * in the Indian Ocean (Africa): **
Mayotte Mayotte (french: Mayotte, ; Shimaore language, Shimaore: ''Maore'', ; mg, Maiôty) is an overseas department and region, overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French ...

Mayotte
**
Réunion Réunion (french: La Réunion, ; previously ''Île Bourbon''; rcf, label=Réunion Creole, Reunionese Creole, La Rénion) is an island in the Indian Ocean that is an overseas departments and regions of France, overseas department and region of ...

Réunion
* in the Americas: **
French Guiana French Guiana ( or ; french: link=no, Guyane ) is an overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity A single territorial collectivity (french: collectivité territoriale ''unique'') is a chartered subdivision of France ...

French Guiana
in South America **
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe (; ; gcf, label=Antillean Creole, Gwadloup, ) is an archipelago and Overseas departments and regions of France, overseas department and region of France in the Caribbean. It consists of six inhabited islands—Basse-Terre Island, Bas ...
in the Antilles (Caribbean) **
Martinique Martinique ( , ; gcf, label=Martinican Creole Antillean Creole (Antillean French Creole, Kreyol, Kwéyòl, Patois) is a French-based creole languages, French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles. Its grammar and v ...

Martinique
in the Antilles (Caribbean) : ^ Saint Pierre and Miquelon (off Canada, in North America), once an overseas department, was demoted to a territorial collectivity in 1985. France-Constituent-Lands.png Outre-mer en sans Terre Adelie.png


See also

* List of current presidents of the regional councils of France and the Corsican Assembly * Ranked list of French regions * Administrative divisions of France * List of French regions and overseas collectivities by GDP * List of French regions by Human Development Index * List of regions of France by population * Flags of the regions of France * ISO 3166-2:FR General: * Decentralisation in France * Budget of France * Regional councils of France * Administrative divisions of France ;Overseas * Overseas France ** Clipperton Island ** Overseas collectivity *** Overseas country of France, Overseas country (Outre-mer) ** Overseas department and region ** Overseas territory (France), Overseas territory ** New Caledonia, Sui generis collectivity


References


External links

*
Guide to the regions of France

Local websites by region

Will 2010 regional elections lead to political shake-up?
Radio France Internationale in English ; Overseas regions
Ministère de l'Outre-Mer


{{Articles on first-level administrative divisions of European countries Regions of France, Administrative divisions in Europe, France 1 First-level administrative divisions by country, Regions, France France geography-related lists, Regions Lists of subdivisions of France, Regions Subdivisions of France Regionalism (politics), France