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REGGAE EN ESPAñOL (in English, SPANISH REGGAE ) is reggae and dancehall music recorded in the Spanish language
Spanish language
by artists of Latin American origin. It originated in the mid-1970s in Panama. Reggae
Reggae
en Español goes by several names: In Panama
Panama
it is called La Plena.

Currently, Reggae
Reggae
en Español contains three main subgenres: REGGAE 110, REGGAE BULTRóN, and ROMANTIC FLOW. In addition, and although technically they would not fall into the category of Reggae
Reggae
en Español because their beats are not directly derived from Jamaican dancehall rhythms, Reggae
Reggae
en Español also includes two music fusions: reggae soca and dancehall .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early developments

* 2 References

* 3 External links

* 3.1 Official reggae in Spanish websites

HISTORY

Bob Marley
Bob Marley
, inspiration for the Reggae
Reggae
en Español.

EARLY DEVELOPMENTS

Main article: Panamanian Reggae
Reggae

Reggae
Reggae
as a musical genre has its origins in Jamaica
Jamaica
, and it became popular throughout the 1970s in the black-immigrant communities of the other British West Indies, North America
North America
, and Great Britain. Jamaican reggae was embraced in the Spanish-speaking world first in Panama
Panama
by the descendants of black workers that immigrated to the Isthmus during the construction of the Panama
Panama
Railroad (mid-19th century), the railways for the banana companies (late 19th century), and the Panama Canal (early 20th century). Prior to the period of construction of the Panama
Panama
Canal (1904–1915), most of the Afro- Caribbean
Caribbean
communities in Panama
Panama
were of Jamaican descent, but with the construction of the canal these communities grew in diversity with immigrants from other parts of the Caribbean
Caribbean
such as Jamaica
Jamaica
, Barbados
Barbados
, Martinique
Martinique
, Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
, Haiti
Haiti
, Trinidad
Trinidad
, Dominica
Dominica
, French and British Guyana and other Caribbean
Caribbean
Islands.

In 1977, a Guyanese immigrant who went by the nickname "Guyana", along with a local DJ known as "Wassabanga" introduced for first time the reggae rhythms in Panama
Panama
with lyrics in Spanish. Wassabanga's music along with later interpreters such as Rastanini and Calito Soul , were perhaps the first remarkable cases of Reggae
Reggae
en Español, at a time when many Panamanians were already developing a musical and spiritual bond with the Mecca of reggae music (Kingston, Jamaica
Jamaica
), a bond catalyzed mainly by the call to arms issued by the music of Bob Marley .

In 1984, Hernando Brin produced the first record in the world of Reggae
Reggae
in Spanish on vinyl , called Treadmit, composed by Calvin Calderon (Omega), Hactor Wakler, Erick Green (Gringo) and Hernando Brin (Super Nandi). The record was produced by record label Prodim in Panama, and it included the first song by Rastanini called "Padre Por Favor Educa a los Niños" (Father Please Educate the Children).

In the early-mid-1980s, Panamanians like Renato, El General , Nando Boom, El Maleante, and Chicho Man started to take Jamaican dancehall songs and beats, singing over them with Spanish lyrics, most of the time preserving the melodies and the rhythms. They also sped up riddims , and added Hispanic and Latino elements to them. This style was called Reggae
Reggae
en Español or "Spanish Reggae". The music continued to grow throughout the 1980s, with many stars developing in Panama.

Between the 1980s and 1990s, the Panamanian artist Chicho Man emerged as one of the greater exponents of Panamanian reggae. In his short five-year career as an artist, he introduced the "romantic" element in Spanish Reggae, and produced only one LP which included songs like "La Noche Que Te Conocí", "Lady in Red", "Llega Navidad", "Muévela", "No Quiero Ir a Isla Coiba" and "Un Nuevo Estilo". His songs were recorded in a warehouse, where a Panamanian producer called Calito LPD produced reggae instrumental tracks and recorded them in cassette . After serving a term in US prison he announced his withdrawal from the reggae scene to become a Christian preacher.

In the 1990s, the genre had grown in Panama. In 1996, came artists such as Aldo Ranks, El Renegado, Jam & Suppose who sang the hit "Camión Lleno de Gun". Jr. Ranks and Tony Bull already had good records with late singer Danger Man and they formed the musical group called The Killamanjaros. By the other side in the year 1991, the singer Apache Ness with Papa Chan , Kafu Banton, Calito Soul, Wassa Banga, and Original Dan decided to join forces and create the foundation "One Love One Blood" singing about urban street experiences under the rhythm called reggae bultrón.

Later in Panama, the romanticism had been mixed with the reggae and the reggae romántico ("romantic reggae"), now better known as romantic flow, was born. Those who keep alive the reggae with romantic lyrics are the following: Flex (aka Nigga), El Roockie , El Aspirante, Kathy Phillips, Eddy Lover , Tommy Real, Makano , Catherine, as well as groups like: Raíces y Cultura and La Factoría who became famous by the Panamanian producer Irving DiBlasio.

In 1996, considered the golden age of Panamanian reggae, appeared the productions Los Cuentos de la Cripta and La Mafia by the producer El Chombo , with songs like: "Las Chicas Quieren Chorizo" (The Girls Want Chorizo
Chorizo
) by Wassabanga, "El Cubo de Leche" sung by Jam ">

* ^ A B Wayne Marshall (2006-01-19). "Rise of Reggaetón". The Phoenix. Retrieved 2006-07-24. * ^ Historia del Reggae
Reggae
En Español (La Plena) - LATINBEATMAG.COM " * ^ Before the Reggaeton
Reggaeton
History - REGGAE.COM.PA * ^ THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN PANAMA--FROM THE CANAL TO COLON CITY * ^ The Roots of Reggaeton
Reggaeton
called " Reggae
Reggae
en español" * ^ Manuel, Peter. Caribbean
Caribbean
Music
Music
from Rumba to Reggae, 2 edition. March 28, 2006. Temple University Press. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. * ^ A B "Soy el 1er cantante de reggae en Panamá (I\'m the first singer of reggae in Panama)" * ^ A B C D E Chicho Man, the missionary of God * ^ Jam background:green;">

* v * t * e

Reggae
Reggae

GENRES

* Roots reggae
Roots reggae
* Dub * Dub poetry * Lovers rock * Dancehall
Dancehall
* Reggaeton
Reggaeton
* Reggae
Reggae
en Español * Reggae
Reggae
fusion * Ragga
Ragga
* Ragga
Ragga
jungle * Samba reggae * Nyabinghi rhythm * Grime

CHARACTERISTICS

* Deejay (Toasting) * Delay * Hammond organ
Hammond organ
* One drop and rockers * Reverb
Reverb
* Singjay * Skank * Walking bass
Walking bass

PEOPLE AND GROUPS

* Reggae
Reggae
Grammy winners 1985-present * Reggae
Reggae
musicians * Reggae
Reggae
rock artists * Reggae
Reggae
fusion artists * Roots reggae
Roots reggae
artists * Dub artists * Jamaican record producers * Reggae
Reggae
bands from the Virgin Islands

BY REGION

* Music
Music
of Jamaica
Jamaica
* Pinoy reggae * Reggae
Reggae
in Australia * New Zealand reggae

RELATED TOPICS

* List of reggae festivals
List of reggae festivals
* Caribbean
Caribbean
Music
Music
* Caribbean
Caribbean
music in the United Kingdom * Rastafari * Rude boy * Skinhead
Skinhead
* Suedehead * Dance Hall (venue) * Dubplate * Sound system (Jamaican)
Sound system (Jamaican)
* Sound system (DJ)
Sound system (DJ)
* Riddim
Riddim
* Jamaican English
Jamaican English
* Jamaican Patois
Jamaican Patois
* Studio One * Trojan Records
Trojan Records
* Island Records
Island Records
* Blue Beat

* v * t * e

Music
Music
genres in Spanish

ANDEAN

* Bambuco * Carnavalito
Carnavalito
* Chicha music * Diablada
Diablada
* Huayno
Huayno
* Morenada
Morenada
* Saya * Tinku
Tinku

SPANISH FOLK

* Catalan rumba * Copla * Fandango
Fandango

* Flamenco
Flamenco

* Alboreá * Bulerías * Cantiñas * Rumba flamenca * Saeta * Soleá
Soleá

* Folia
Folia
* Isa (from Canary Islands
Canary Islands
) * Jota * Malagueña (Spanish music genre) * Pasodoble
Pasodoble
* Tajaraste * Xiringüelu (from Asturias
Asturias
)

LATIN URBAN

* Bachatón

* Latin hip hop

* Argentine * Chicano * Colombian * Cuban * Dominican * Salvadoran * Spanish * Venezuelan

* Raptor house * Reggae * Reggaeton
Reggaeton
* Salsa Choque

LITORALEñA

* Chamarrita * Guarania

* Paraguayan polka

* Chamamé

MúSICA CRIOLLA

* Afro-Peruvian music

* Festejo * Landó * Son de los Diablos
Son de los Diablos
* Toro Mata

* Marinera
Marinera
* Polca * Tondero
Tondero
* Vals * Zamacueca
Zamacueca

POP

* Ballad * Colombian * Mexican * Nueva canción * Nueva trova

Regional Mexican

* Corrido
Corrido
* Conjunto
Conjunto

* Norteño

* Nortec

* Sierreña * Grupera
Grupera
* Tejano * Duranguense * Banda

* Mariachi
Mariachi

* Jarabe
Jarabe
* Ranchera
Ranchera

* Trival * Polka
Polka

RIOPLATENSE

* Candombe
Candombe
* Milonga * Murga * Tango

ROCK

* Alternative * Argentine * Chicano * Chilean * Colombian * Cuban * Dominican * Metal * Mexican * Nueva ola
Nueva ola
* Peruvian * Puerto Rican * Spanish * Uruguayan * Venezuelan

TRADITIONAL FOLK

* Chacarera * Escondido * Gaita zuliana * Gato * Joropo
Joropo
* Mozamala * Resbalosa * Tonada

* Zamacueca
Zamacueca

* Cueca
Cueca
* Marinera
Marinera
* Zamba

TROPICAL

* Bachata * Bolero
Bolero
* Calypso * Cha-cha-cha * Champeta
Champeta
* Changüí * Charanga * Conga * Cuarteto
Cuarteto

* Cumbia
Cumbia

* Argentine * Bullerengue * Colombian * Mexican * New Chilean cumbia * Peruvian * Tecnocumbia * Villera

* Danzón
Danzón
* Fusion * Guajira * Guaracha
Guaracha
* Mambo * Merengue * Méringue * Pachanga * Porro
Porro

* Rumba

* Guaguancó
Guaguancó

* Salsa

* dura * romántica

* Son cubano
Son cubano

* montuno

* Mexican Son

* huasteco * jalisciense * jarocho

* Timba
Timba
* Vallenato
Vallenato
( Charanga-vallenata )

AFRICA

* Tbal * Mvet * Tam-tam

OTHER GENRES

* Aguinaldo * Bomba * Bomba del Chota * Bunde * Christian * Contradanza
Contradanza
* Criolla
Criolla
* Danza
Danza
* Décima
Décima
* Spanish jazz
Spanish jazz
* Mapalé * Spanish opera
Spanish opera
* Pasacalle * Pasillo * Plena * Pregón * Punto guajiro * Seis * Tambor * Trova
Trova
* Villancico * Zarzuela
Zarzuela

RELATED

* La

.