Reggae en Español (in English, Spanish Reggae) is reggae and
dancehall music recorded in the
Spanish language by artists of Latin
American origin. It originated in the mid-1970s in Panama.
Español goes by several names: In
Panama it is called La Plena.
Reggae en Español contains three main subgenres: reggae
110, reggae bultrón, and romantic flow. In addition, and although
technically they would not fall into the category of
Español even though it derived from Jamaican dancehall rhythms,
Reggae en Español also includes two music fusions: reggae soca and
1.1 Early developments
3 External links
3.1 Official reggae in Spanish websites
Bob Marley, inspiration for the
Reggae en Español.
Main article: Panamanian Reggae
Reggae as a musical genre has its origins in Jamaica, and it became
popular throughout the 1970s in the black-immigrant communities of the
other British West Indies, North America, and Great Britain. Jamaican
reggae was embraced in the Spanish-speaking world first in
the descendants of black workers that immigrated to the Isthmus during
the construction of the
Panama Railroad (mid-19th century), the
railways for the banana companies (late 19th century), and the Panama
Canal (early 20th century). Prior to the period of construction of
Panama Canal (1904–1915), most of the Afro-
Panama were of Jamaican descent, but with the construction of the
canal these communities grew in diversity with immigrants from other
parts of the
Caribbean such as Jamaica, Barbados, Martinique,
Guadeloupe, Haiti, Trinidad, Dominica, French and British
In 1977, a Guyanese immigrant who went by the nickname "Guyana", along
with a local DJ known as "Wassabanga" introduced for first time the
reggae rhythms in
Panama with lyrics in Spanish. Wassabanga's music
along with later interpreters such as Rastanini and Calito Soul, were
perhaps the first remarkable cases of
Reggae en Español, at a time
when many Panamanians were already developing a musical and spiritual
bond with the Mecca of reggae music (Kingston, Jamaica), a bond
catalyzed mainly by the call to arms issued by the music of Bob
In 1984, Hernando Brin produced the first record in the world of
Reggae in Spanish on vinyl, called Treadmit, composed by Calvin
Calderon (Omega), Hactor Wakler, Erick Green (Gringo) and Hernando
Brin (Super Nandi). The record was produced by record label Prodim in
Panama, and it included the first song by Rastanini called "Padre Por
Favor Educa a los Niños" (Father Please Educate the Children).
In the early-mid-1980s, Panamanians like Renato, El General, Nando
Boom, El Maleante, and Chicho Man started to take Jamaican dancehall
songs and beats, singing over them with Spanish lyrics, most of the
time preserving the melodies and the rhythms. They also sped up
riddims, and added Hispanic and Latino elements to them. This style
Reggae en Español or "Spanish Reggae". The music
continued to grow throughout the 1980s, with many stars developing in
Between the 1980s and 1990s, the Panamanian artist Chicho Man emerged
as one of the greater exponents of Panamanian reggae. In his short
five-year career as an artist, he introduced the "romantic" element
in Spanish Reggae, and produced only one LP which included songs like
"La Noche Que Te Conocí", "Lady in Red", "Llega Navidad", "Muévela",
"No Quiero Ir a Isla Coiba" and "Un Nuevo Estilo". His songs were
recorded in a warehouse, where a Panamanian producer called Calito LPD
produced reggae instrumental tracks and recorded them in cassette.
After serving a term in US prison he announced his withdrawal from the
reggae scene to become a Christian preacher.
In the 1990s, the genre had grown in Panama. In 1996, came artists
such as Aldo Ranks, El Renegado, Jam & Suppose who sang the hit
"Camión Lleno de Gun". Jr. Ranks and Tony Bull already had good
records with late singer Danger Man and they formed the musical group
called The Killamanjaros. By the other side in the year 1991, the
singer Apache Ness with Papa Chan, Kafu Banton, Calito Soul, Wassa
Banga, and Original Dan decided to join forces and create the
foundation "One Love One Blood" singing about urban street experiences
under the rhythm called reggae bultrón.
Later in Panama, the romanticism had been mixed with the reggae and
the reggae romántico ("romantic reggae"), now better known as
romantic flow, was born. Those who keep alive the reggae with romantic
lyrics are the following: Flex (aka Nigga), El Roockie, El Aspirante,
Kathy Phillips, Eddy Lover, Tommy Real, Makano, Catherine, as well as
groups like: Raíces y Cultura and
La Factoría who became famous by
the Panamanian producer Irving DiBlasio.
In 1996, considered the golden age of Panamanian reggae, appeared the
productions Los Cuentos de la Cripta and La Mafia by the producer El
Chombo, with songs like: "Las Chicas Quieren Chorizo" (The Girls Want
Chorizo) by Wassabanga, "El Cubo de Leche" sung by Jam & Suppose
and "Estaban Celebrando" by Aldo Ranks.
^ a b Wayne Marshall (2006-01-19). "Rise of Reggaetón". The Phoenix.
^ Historia del
Reggae En Español (La Plena) - LATINBEATMAG.COM "
^ Before the
Reggaeton History - REGGAE.COM.PA
^  THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN PANAMA--FROM THE CANAL TO COLON CITY
^ The Roots of
Reggaeton called "
Reggae en español"
^ Manuel, Peter.
Music from Rumba to Reggae, 2 edition.
March 28, 2006. Temple University Press. Retrieved on 2009-02-10.
^ a b "Soy el 1er cantante de reggae en Panamá (I'm the first singer
of reggae in Panama)"
^ a b c d e Chicho Man, the missionary of God
^ Jam & Suppose - Camion lleno de Gun
^ Apache Ness, One Love One Blood
^ MiDiario.Com: "DIBLASIO catolic music awards". Url
Reggae en españa
Reggae en Costa Rica
Reggae en Venezuela
El Rasta -
Reggae en español
Reggae en Puerto Rico
Raíces Rústicas -
Official reggae in Spanish websites
Reggae en Español
One drop and rockers
People and groups
Reggae Grammy winners 1985-present
Reggae rock artists
Reggae fusion artists
Roots reggae artists
Jamaican record producers
Reggae bands from the Virgin Islands
Music of Jamaica
Reggae in Australia
New Zealand reggae
List of reggae festivals
Caribbean music in the United Kingdom
Dance Hall (venue)
Sound system (Jamaican)
Sound system (DJ)
Music genres in the Hispanosphere
Isa (from Canary Islands)
Malagueña (Spanish music genre)
Xiringüelu (from Asturias)
Latin hip hop
Son de los Diablos
and protest music
New Chilean cumbia
Music of Africa
Bomba del Chota