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Raigad District is a district in the state of Maharashtra, India.[1] Formerly called the Kolaba district, the district was renamed after Raigad, the fort that was the former capital of the Maratha
Maratha
leader Shivaji Maharaj, and is located in the interior regions of the district, in dense forests on a west-facing spur of the Western Ghats of Sahyadri range. In 2011 the district had a population of 2,635,394, compared to 2,207,929 in 2001. The name was changed in the regime of Chief Minister Antule on 1st Jan 1981. [2]In 2011 urban dwellers had increased to 36.91% from 24.22% in 2001.[3] The district is bounded by Mumbai Harbour
Mumbai Harbour
to the northwest, Thane District to the north, Pune District
Pune District
to the east, Ratnagiri district to the south, and the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
to the west. It includes the large natural harbour of Pen-Mandwa, which is immediately south of Mumbai harbour, and forming a single landform with it. The northern part of the district is included in the planned metropolis of Navi Mumbai, and its port, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port. The district includes towns/cities of Panvel, Alibag, Mangaon, Roha, Pen, Khopoli, Kharghar, Taloja, Khalapur, Uran, Patalganga, Rasayani, Nagothana, Poladpur, Karjat
Karjat
and [[Mahad], Murud-Janjira. The largest city both in area and population is Panvel. The district also includes the isle of Gharapuri or Elephanta, located in Uran
Uran
which has ancient Hindu and Buddhist caves.

Contents

1 History 2 Education 3 Administrative subdivisions 4 Municipal Civic Bodies in Raigad District

4.1 Municipal Corporations 4.2 Municipal Councils 4.3 Proposed Municipal Councils

5 Demographics 6 Transport 7 University 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Raigad district Kulaba (also spelled Kolaba) district was split from Thane district
Thane district
in 1869. According to the 1872 census, Kulaba district
Kulaba district
had a population of just over 350,000 people, with 94% of the population being Hindus, and most of the remaining population being Muslims.[4] In 1881 the population was about 382,000, with 95% of the population being Hindus. Bhagat, Patil, Mhatre, Naik,Thakur, are famous and native surnames in Raigad district. th At this point the northernmost parts of modern Raigad district
Raigad district
were retained in Thane
Thane
district. Panvel, just across the bay from Mumbai, was not included in Kolaba district until 1883, and Karjat, an area in the north-east corner of modern Raigad district, was not placed in Kolaba district until 1891. Kolaba district was subsequently renamed Raigad district. Education[edit] After the British took over the old Colaba and this region, they established four Anglo – Vernacular medium school and 30 government schools in the year 1865–66. In the year 1861 the first school for girls was started in Alibag. The Mission Church started the first English school in Alibag
Alibag
in 1879. Prabhakar Patil Education Society (PNP education Society) runs 27 Institutes: Five Primary English & Marathi Schools, Twenty Seven Secondary Marathi Schools, One Arts, Science & Commerce Jr. & Sr. College, One English & Marathi Medium D. Ed College, One B. Ed. College, One Polytechnic Institute and One MMS College. Securities and Exchange Board of India established National Institute of Securities Markets at Patalganga, tal Khalapur. Administrative subdivisions[edit] Raigad district
Raigad district
is divided into four subdivisions, with fifteen talukas, and 1,967 villages.[5]

Subdivision Taluka km2 Census 2001 Census 2011 Panchayats[6] Villages

Alibag Alibag 500 221,661 236,167 62 218

Pen 499 176,681 195,454 63 171

Murud 231 72,046 74,207 24 74

Panvel Panvel 631 422,522 750,236 90 177

Uran 184 140,351 160,303 34 62

Karjat 665 184,420 212,051 50 184

Khalapur 183 183,604 207,464 42 141

Mangaon Mangaon 683 152,270 159,613 74 187

Sudhagad 467 62,852 62,380 34 98

Roha 643 161,750 167,110 62 162

Tala 250 42,869 40,619 26 61

Mahad Mahad 1,257 186,521 180,191 134 183

Poladpur 373 54,301 45,464 43 87

Mhasla 236 61,010 59,914 40 84

Shrivardhan 120 85,071 83,027 43 78

Total 15 7,152 2,207,929 2,634,200 821 1,967

Municipal Civic Bodies in Raigad District[edit] Municipal Corporations[edit]

Panvel

Municipal Councils[edit]

Matheran Karjat Khopoli Uran Pen Alibaug Murud-Janjira Roha Shrivardhan Mahad

Proposed Municipal Councils[edit]

Rees-Mohopada Neral-Mamdapur Khalapur Pali-Sudhagad Mangaon Tala Mhasla Poladpur

Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 census Raigad district
Raigad district
has a population of 2,634,200,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[8] or the US state of Nevada.[9] This gives it a ranking of 153rd in India
India
(out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 368 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.36%.[7] Raigad has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 83.89%.[7] Several scheduled tribes live in Raigad district. Among these are the Mahadev, Koli, Katkari and Thakur.[10] Transport[edit] Raigad District is connected to Mumbai
Mumbai
by Sion Panvel
Panvel
Expressway. The Mumbai-Pune expressway
Mumbai-Pune expressway
and NH4 passes through Panvel. NH 17, which starts at Panvel, traverses the whole district. The Konkan
Konkan
Railway line starts at Roha
Roha
and passes through Mangaon
Mangaon
and Veer railway station in Mahad. The Central Railway Line of Mumbai
Mumbai
to Pune
Pune
passes through Karjat
Karjat
with Extension Line for Karjat
Karjat
to Khopoli. Panvel Junction is the most important railway station in the district; it is connected to Mumbai
Mumbai
(by both the Harbour Line and Main Line of Central Railway), Thane
Thane
(by Trans-Harbour Line), Roha, Vasai (Western Railway) and Karjat. All trains, ranging from passengers to Rajdhanis stop here, and it is considered the gateway for travelling south. There is a narrow gauge railroad from Neral to Matheran, called the Matheran Hill Railway. The main ports are JNPT, Mandava, Revas, Murud and Shrivardhan. University[edit] Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University
is a unitary, autonomous university located at Lonere in Raigad district, Maharashtra, India
India
established in 1989 under the Government of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Act 1983.[11] It is the one and only technical university in Maharashtra.[12][13][14] References[edit]

^ "List of districts in Maharashtra". http://districts.nic.in. Retrieved 19 November 2012.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ रायगड जिल्हा ^ "Raigarh District Population 2011". Census Organisation of India.  ^ "1883 Kulaba district", Gazetteer ^ "District details". Raigad District, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State.  ^ "Block Panchayats of Raigad, Maharashtra". National Panchayat Directory, Panchayat Informatics Division, National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Archived from the original on 2011-11-05.  ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.  ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kuwait
Kuwait
2,595,62  ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nevada 2,700,551  ^ 1964 Revised Gazetteer of Raigad ^ "University Grant Commission". Retrieved 19 November 2012.  ^ "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University". dbatu.ac.in. Retrieved 19 November 2012.  ^ "Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Tech University, Students' Alumni informative blog". Retrieved 22 November 2012.  ^ " Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Prathamik Shikshan Parishad". mpsp.maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 

External links[edit]

Site of Raigad District

Places adjacent to Raigad district

Mumbai
Mumbai
City district Thane
Thane
district

Arabian Sea

Raigad district

Pune
Pune
district

Ratnagiri district Satara district

v t e

State of Maharashtra

Capital: Mumbai
Mumbai
Second capital: Nagpur

Topics

History Geography Economy Tourism Highest point Marathi language Culture Marathi people Marathi literature Marathi cinema Maharashtrian cuisine Sports

Regions

Desh Khandesh Konkan Mumbai
Mumbai
Metropolitan Region Marathwada Vidarbha

Divisions and Districts

Amravati
Amravati
division

Akola Amravati Buldhana Washim Yavatmal

Konkan
Konkan
division

Mumbai Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Palghar Raigad Ratnagiri Sindhudurg Thane

Aurangabad division

Aurangabad Beed Jalna Osmanabad Nanded Latur Parbhani Hingoli

Nagpur
Nagpur
division

Bhandara Chandrapur Gadchiroli Gondia Nagpur Wardha

Nashik
Nashik
division

Ahmednagar Dhule Jalgaon Nandurbar Nashik

Pune
Pune
division

Kolhapur Pune Sangli Satara Solapur

Million-plus cities in Maharashtra

Mumbai Pune Nagpur Aurangabad Nashik Solapur Thane Pimpri-Chinchwad Kalyan-Dombivali Vasai-Virar Navi Mumbai

Other cities with municipal corporations

Ahmednagar Akola Amravati Bhiwandi-Nizampur Chandrapur Dhule Jalgaon Kolhapur Latur Malegaon Mira-Bhayandar Nanded Panvel Parbhani Sangli Ulhasnagar

Portal: Maharashtra

v t e

Raigad district
Raigad district
topics

History

Chaul Elephanta Caves Maratha
Maratha
Empire

Rivers

Kundalika River Patalganga River Savitri River Amba River

Places

Alibag Karjat Khalapur Khopoli Mahad Mangaon Matheran Nagothana Panvel Pen Poladpur Roha Shrivardhan Uran

Monuments

Karnala fort Murud-Janjira Raigad fort Sudhagad Kolaba fort

Transport

NH4 NH17 Mumbai
Mumbai
Pune
Pune
Expressway Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Railway

Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituencies

Raigad Maval

Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
constituencies

Panvel Karjat Uran Pen Alibag Shrivardhan Mahad

Tourist places

Karnala Bird Sanctuary Diveagar Matheran Ballaleshwar Pali Varadvinayak, Mahad Shirdhon Harihareshwar Murud Murud-Janjira Alibag

Beaches

Main Alibag
Alibag
Beach Kashid Beach Kihim Beach Akshi Beach Nagav Beach Varsoli Beach

Sub-divisions

Alibag Karjat Mahad Mangaon Panvel Pen Roha Shrivardhan

Talukas

Alibag Karjat Khalapur Mahad Mangaon Mhasala Murud Panvel Pen Poladpur Roha Shrivardhan Sudhagad
Sudhagad
- Pali Tala Uran

Sports

Reliance Cricket Stadium RCF Krida Sankul,RCF Coloney,Alibag,Raigad

Coordinates: 18°39′00″N 72°52′48″E / 18.65000°N 72.88000°E / 18.650

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