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Rafah
Rafah
(Arabic: رفح‎) is a Palestinian city and refugee camp in the southern Gaza Strip. It is the district capital of the Rafah Governorate, located 30 kilometers (19 mi) south of Gaza City. Rafah's population of 152,950 (2014) is overwhelmingly made up of Palestinian refugees. Rafah camp
Rafah camp
and Tall as-Sultan
Tall as-Sultan
camp form separate localities. When Israel withdrew from the Sinai
Sinai
in 1982, Rafah
Rafah
was split into a Gazan part and an Egyptian part, dividing families, separated by barbed-wire barriers.[2][3] The core of the city was destroyed by Israel[4][5][6] and Egypt[7][8] to create a large buffer zone. Rafah
Rafah
is the site of the Rafah
Rafah
Border Crossing, the sole crossing point between Egypt
Egypt
and the State of Palestine. Gaza's only airport, Yasser Arafat International Airport, was located just south of the city. The airport operated from 1998 to 2001, until it was bombed and bulldozed by the Israeli military (IDF) after the killing of Israeli soldiers by members of Hamas.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Development 3 Demographics 4 History

4.1 Arab
Arab
and Mamluk rule 4.2 Ottoman and Egyptian period 4.3 British mandate era 4.4 1948–1967 4.5 After 1967

5 Rafah
Rafah
Border Crossing 6 Climate 7 See also 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

Etymology[edit] Over the ages it has been known as "Robihwa" by the ancient Egyptians, "Rafihu" by the Assyrians, "Ῥαφία, Rhaphia"[9] by the Greeks, "Raphia" by Romans, רפיח "Rafiaḥ" by the Israelites, "Rafh" by the Arab
Arab
Caliphate. The transliteration of the Hebrew name, "Rafiah", is used in modern English alongside "Rafah" [10][11] Development[edit] The Ottoman–British agreement of 1 October 1906 established a boundary between Ottoman ruled Palestine and British ruled Egypt, from Taba to Rafah. After World War I Palestine was also under British control, but the Egypt-Palestine Boundary was maintained to control movement of the local Bedouin. From the mid-1930s the British enhanced the border control and Rafah
Rafah
evolved as a small boundary town which functioned as a trade and services centre for the semi-settled Beduin population.[3] During the Second World War it became an important British base. Following the Armistice Agreement of 24 February 1949, Rafah
Rafah
was located in Egypt-occupied Gaza and consequently, a Gaza– Egypt
Egypt
border did no longer exist. Rafah
Rafah
could grow without any consideration being taken of the old 1906 international boundary.[3] In the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel conquered the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
and the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
from Egypt
Egypt
and all of the city now was under Israeli occupation. In 1979, Israel and Egypt
Egypt
signed a peace treaty that returned the Sinai, which borders the Gaza Strip, to Egyptian control. In the Peace Treaty, the re-created Gaza– Egypt
Egypt
border was drawn across the city of Rafah. Rafah
Rafah
was divided into an Egyptian and a Palestinian part, splitting up families, separated by barbed-wire barriers. Families were separated, property was divided and many houses and orchards were cut across and destroyed by the new boundary, bulldozed, allegedly for security reasons. Rafah
Rafah
became one of the three border points between Egypt
Egypt
and Israel.[2][3] Demographics[edit] In 1922, Rafah's population was 599,[12] which increased to 2,220 in 1945.[13] In 1982, the total population was approximately 10,800.[14] In the 1997 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
(PCBS) census, Rafah
Rafah
and its adjacent camp had a combined population of 91,181, Tall as-Sultan was listed with a further 17,141.[15] Refugees made up 80.3% of the entire population.[16] In the 1997 census, Rafah's (together with Rafah
Rafah
camp) gender distribution was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.[17] In the 2006 PCBS estimate, Rafah
Rafah
city had a population of 71,003,[18] Rafah camp
Rafah camp
and Tall as-Sultan
Tall as-Sultan
form separate localities for census purposes, having populations of 59,983 and 24,418, respectively.[18] History[edit]

Rafah
Rafah
is at the bottom of map.

Rafah
Rafah
has a history stretching back thousands of years. It was first recorded in an inscription of Egyptian Pharaoh
Pharaoh
Seti I, from 1303 BCE as Rph, and as the first stop on Pharaoh
Pharaoh
Shoshenq I's campaign to the Levant
Levant
in 925 BC. In 720 BCE it was the site of the Assyrian king Sargon II's victory over the Egyptians, and in 217 BC the Battle of Raphia
Battle of Raphia
was fought between the victorious Ptolemy IV and Antiochus III.[19] (It is said to be one of the largest battles ever fought in the Levant, with over a hundred thousand soldiers and hundreds of elephants). The town was conquered by Alexander Yannai
Alexander Yannai
and held by the Hasmoneans until it was rebuilt in the time of Pompey
Pompey
and Gabinius; the latter seems to have done the actual work of restoration for the era of the town dates from 57 BCE. Rafah
Rafah
is mentioned in Strabo
Strabo
(16, 2, 31), the Antonine Itinerary, and is depicted on the Map of Madaba.[19] During the Byzantine
Byzantine
period, it was a diocese,[19][20] and Byzantine ceramics and coins have been found there.[21] It was represented at the Council of Ephesus
Council of Ephesus
431AD but remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church[22] but a small Greek Orthodox
Greek Orthodox
presence exists. Arab
Arab
and Mamluk rule[edit] Rafah
Rafah
was an important trading city during the early Arab
Arab
period, and one of the towns captured by the Rashidun army
Rashidun army
under general 'Amr ibn al-'As in 635 CE.[23] Under the Umayyads and Abbasids, Rafah
Rafah
was the southernmost border of Jund Filastin
Jund Filastin
("District of Palestine"). According to Arab
Arab
geographer al‑Ya'qubi, it was the last town in the Province of Syria
Syria
and on the road from Ramla
Ramla
to Egypt.[24] A Jewish community settled in the city in the 9th and 10th centuries and again in the 12th, although in the 11th century it suffered a decline and in 1080 they migrated to Ashkelon. A Samaritan
Samaritan
community also lived there during this period. Like most cities of southern Palestine, ancient Rafah
Rafah
had a landing place on the coast (now Tell Rafah), while the main city was inland.[19] In 1226, Arab
Arab
geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi writes of Rafah's former importance in the early Arab
Arab
period, saying it was "of old a flourishing town, with a market, and a mosque, and hostelries". However, he goes on to say that in its current state, Rafah
Rafah
was in ruins, but was an Ayyubid
Ayyubid
postal station on the road to Egypt
Egypt
after nearby Deir al‑Balah.[24] Ottoman and Egyptian period[edit] Rafah
Rafah
appeared in the 1596 Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Gaza of the Liwa of Gazza. It had a population of 15 households, all Muslim, who paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, occasional revenues, goats and/or bee hives.[25] In 1799, the Revolutionary Army of France
France
commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte passed through Rafah
Rafah
during the invasion of Egypt
Egypt
and Syria.[26] Rafah
Rafah
was the boundary between the provinces of Egypt
Egypt
and Syria. In 1832, the area came under Egyptian occupation of Muhammad Ali, which lasted until 1840. The French explorer Victor Guérin, who visited in May 1863, noted two pillars of granite which the locals called Bab el Medinet, meaning "The Gate of the town".[27] In 1881, Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Austria wrote: "Fragments of gray granite pillars, still standing, are here to be met with about the road, the fields, and the sand, and we saw one lying on the ground half buried... The pillars are the remains of an ancient temple, Raphia, and are of special importance in the eyes of the Arabs, who call them Rafah, as they mark the boundary between Egypt
Egypt
and Syria."[28] British mandate era[edit] In 1917, the British army captured Rafah, and used it as a base for their attack on Gaza. The presence of the army bases was an economic draw that brought people back to the city. In the 1922 census of Palestine
1922 census of Palestine
conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Rafah
Rafah
had a population of 599 inhabitants, all Muslim,[12] increasing in the 1931 census to 1,423, still all Muslims, in 228 houses.[29] In 1945 Rafah
Rafah
had a population of 2,220, all Muslims,[30] with 40,579 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 275 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 24,173 used for cereals,[31] while 16,131 dunams were un-cultivable land.[32] 1948–1967[edit]

Mosque
Mosque
in Rafah, destroyed during the Gaza War

After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the refugee camps were established. In the 1956 war involving Israel, Britain, France, and Egypt, 111 people, including 103 refugees, were killed by the Israeli army in the Palestinian refugee
Palestinian refugee
camp of Rafah, during the Rafah
Rafah
massacre. The United Nations was unable to determine the circumstances surrounding the deaths.[33][34] During the 1967 Six-Day War, the Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
captured Rafah with the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
and Gaza Strip, the population was about 55,000, of whom only 11,000 lived in Rafah
Rafah
itself. After 1967[edit] In the summer of 1971, the IDF, under General Ariel Sharon
Ariel Sharon
(then head of the IDF southern command), destroyed approximately 500 houses in the refugee camps of Rafah
Rafah
in order to create patrol roads for Israeli forces. These demolitions displaced nearly 4000 people.[35] Israel established the Brazil and Canada housing projects to accommodate displaced Palestinians and to provide better conditions in the hopes of integrating the refugees into the general population and its standard of living;[36] Brazil is immediate south of Rafah, while Canada was just across the border in Sinai. Both were named because UN peacekeeping troops from those respective countries had maintained barracks in those locations. After the 1978 Camp David Accords mandated the repatriation of Canada project refugees to the Gaza Strip, the Tel al-Sultan project, northwest of Rafah, was built to accommodate them.[37] In May 2004, the Israeli Government led by, yet Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon approved another mass demolition of homes in Rafah. Therefore, he obtained the nickname "the bulldozer".[38] In September 2005, Israel withdrew from the Gaza strip but Rafah remained divided, with part of it on the Egyptian side of the border under Egyptian rule. It has been claimed that it was in order to cope with the division of the town, that smugglers have made tunnels under the border, connecting the two parts and permitting the smuggling of goods and persons.[39] Rafah
Rafah
Border Crossing[edit]

The city of Rafah, split by the border into an Egyptian part and a Gazan part, is located at the center of the image.

Rafah
Rafah
is the site of the Rafah
Rafah
Border Crossing, the sole crossing between the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
and Egypt. Formerly operated by Israeli military forces, control of the crossing was transferred to the Palestinian Authority
Palestinian Authority
in September 2005 as part of the larger Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip. A European Union commission began monitoring the crossing in November 2005 amid Israeli security concerns, and in April 2006, Palestinian Authority
Palestinian Authority
Chairman Mahmoud Abbas's Presidential Guard assumed responsibility for the site on the Palestinian Authority
Palestinian Authority
side.[40] On the Egyptian side, the responsibility is assumed by the 750 Border Guards allowed by an agreement of Egypt
Egypt
with Israel. The agreement was signed in November 2005 forced by US pressure, and specifies that it is under security requirements demanded by Israel. Climate[edit] Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
classifies its climate as hot semi-arid (BSh).[41][42]

Climate data for Rafiah, Gaza Strip

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 17.4 (63.3) 18.1 (64.6) 20.5 (68.9) 23 (73) 25.8 (78.4) 28.3 (82.9) 29.6 (85.3) 30.5 (86.9) 29.1 (84.4) 27.6 (81.7) 23.8 (74.8) 19.4 (66.9) 24.42 (75.93)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.9 (55.2) 13.6 (56.5) 15.6 (60.1) 18.1 (64.6) 20.9 (69.6) 23.6 (74.5) 25.2 (77.4) 26 (79) 24.7 (76.5) 22.6 (72.7) 18.7 (65.7) 14.8 (58.6) 19.72 (67.53)

Average low °C (°F) 8.4 (47.1) 9.1 (48.4) 10.8 (51.4) 13.3 (55.9) 16.1 (61) 19 (66) 20.9 (69.6) 21.6 (70.9) 20.3 (68.5) 17.6 (63.7) 13.7 (56.7) 10.2 (50.4) 15.08 (59.13)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 48 (1.89) 36 (1.42) 27 (1.06) 6 (0.24) 4 (0.16) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 8 (0.31) 39 (1.54) 53 (2.09) 221 (8.71)

Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 45m)[41]

Climate data for Rafah, North Sinai

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 17.2 (63) 18 (64) 20.3 (68.5) 22.9 (73.2) 25.8 (78.4) 28.2 (82.8) 29.6 (85.3) 30.5 (86.9) 29 (84) 27.4 (81.3) 23.7 (74.7) 19.3 (66.7) 24.33 (75.73)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.7 (54.9) 13.5 (56.3) 15.4 (59.7) 18 (64) 20.8 (69.4) 23.5 (74.3) 25.2 (77.4) 25.9 (78.6) 24.5 (76.1) 22.4 (72.3) 18.6 (65.5) 14.7 (58.5) 19.6 (67.25)

Average low °C (°F) 8.2 (46.8) 9 (48) 10.6 (51.1) 13.2 (55.8) 15.9 (60.6) 18.8 (65.8) 20.8 (69.4) 21.4 (70.5) 20 (68) 17.4 (63.3) 13.5 (56.3) 10.1 (50.2) 14.91 (58.82)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 49 (1.93) 37 (1.46) 28 (1.1) 6 (0.24) 4 (0.16) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 8 (0.31) 39 (1.54) 54 (2.13) 225 (8.87)

Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 78m)[42]

See also[edit]

Palestine portal

Rafah, Egypt Gaza– Egypt
Egypt
border European Union Border Assistance Mission Rafah Israel–Gaza barrier Philadelphi Corridor Rafah
Rafah
Elementary Co-Ed “B” School Rafah
Rafah
Governorate Asma al-Ghul

References[edit]

^ "Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics". Retrieved 15 February 2018.  ^ a b Cinderella in Rafah. Al-Ahram, Issue No. 761, 22–28 September 2005 ^ a b c d The Evolution of the Egypt-Israel Boundary: From Colonial Foundations to Peaceful Borders, pp. 3, 9, 18. Nurit Kliot, Boundary and Territory Briefing, Volume 1 Number 8. At Google books ^ Razing Rafah
Rafah
— Mass Home Demolitions in the Gaza Strip, pp. 27-28 and 52-66 (PDF text version) on [1], Summary:. The report on refworld:. Human Rights Watch (HRW), October 2004 ^ Supplementary Appeal for Rafah. UNWRA, May 2004 ^ PCHR, Uprooting Palestinian Trees And Leveling Agricultural Land – The tenth Report on Israeli Land Sweeping and Demolition of Palestinian Buildings and Facilities in the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
1 April 2003 – 30 April 2004 On [2] ^ Egyptian military doubling buffer zone with Gaza , demolishing nearly 1,220 more homes. Associated Pres, 8 January 2015 ^ “Look for Another Homeland”. Human Rights Watch, September 2015 ^ Polybii Historiae [5,80]. ^ "Rafīah: Gaza Strip; name, map, geographic coordinates". Geographic.org. Retrieved 2014-08-11.  ^ Zaki, Chehab (2007), Inside Hamas: The Untold Story of Militants, Martyrs and Spies, I.B.Tauris, p. 180, retrieved 2015-09-02  ^ a b Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 8 ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 46 ^ Welcome to Rafah
Rafah
Palestine Remembered. ^ "Palestinian Population by Locality, Sex and Age Groups in Years". Retrieved 15 February 2018.  ^ Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status Archived 2008-11-18 at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). ^ Palestinian Population by Locality, Sex and Age Groups in Years Archived 2008-06-14 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. ^ a b "PCBS] [Palestinian Central Bureau of Statisctics (PCBS) Projected Mid-Year Population for Rafah Governorate
Rafah Governorate
by Locality 2004-2006". Retrieved 15 February 2018.  ^ a b c d Raphia - (Rafah) Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem. ^ Joseph Bingham, Origines Ecclesiasticae; Or the Antiquities of the Christian Church and Other Works: In Nine Volumes, Volume 3(Straker, 1843) p 61. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 953 ^ Tadrous Y. Malaty, Introduction to the Coptic Orthodox Church OrthodoxEbooks,1993) page 13. ^ al‑Biladhuri quoted in le Strange, 1890, p. xix. Al-Biladhuri lists the cities captured by Amr ibn al-'As as Ghazzah (Gaza), Sebastiya (Sebastia), Nabulus, Amwas (Imwas), Kaisariyya (Caesarea), Yibna, Ludd (Lydda), Rafh (Rafah), Bayt Jibrin, and Yaffa (Jaffa). Cited in le Strange, 1890, p. 28 ^ a b le Strange, 1890, p. 517 ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 150 ^ Dwyer, 2007, p. 415 ^ Guérin, 1869, pp. 233-35 ^ Ludwig Salvator, Archduke of Austria, 1881, p. 54 ^ Mills, 1932, p. 6 ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 32 ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 88 ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 138 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2013-08-24.  ^ " Rafah
Rafah
(articles/books/maps/cartoons/photographs/video or audio clips)". cosmos.ucc.ie. Retrieved 15 February 2018.  ^ UN Doc Archived 2007-02-12 at the Wayback Machine. A/8389 of 5 October 1971 (h) The continued transfer of the population of the occupied territories to other areas within the occupied territories. Such transfers of population have occurred in the case of several villages that were systematically destroyed in 1967: the population of these villages was either expelled or forced to live elsewhere in the occupied territories. The same practice has been followed in occupied Jerusalem. According to a report in the Jerusalem Post
Jerusalem Post
of 17 May 1971, Mr. Teddy Kollek, Israeli Mayor of Jerusalem, stated that 4,000 Arabs had been evacuated from Jerusalem. Likewise, in the case of Gaza, according to reports appearing in several newspapers and in letters addressed by Governments, several thousands of persons were displaced from the three major refugee camps in Gaza. Official Israeli sources have stated that these transfers of population were necessitated by new security measures, such as the construction of wider roads inside the camps in order to facilitate patrolling and the maintenance of law and order in the camps. Most of the persons whose refugee accommodation was destroyed to permit of the construction of these roads were forced to leave for the West Bank
West Bank
and El Arish, while a few were said to have sought refuge with other families inside Gaza. The Special
Special
Committee considers that the transfers were unwarranted and that even if the construction of new roads was considered indispensable for the maintenance of law and order, the arbitrary transfer of population was unnecessary, unjustified and in breach of the Fourth Geneva Convention. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-14. Retrieved 2007-04-16.  ^ Human Rights Watch. Razing Rafah: Mass Home Demolitions in the Gaza Strip. October 2004. ^ Razing Rafah, Map 2: Rafah
Rafah
Features. HRW, October 2004 ^ About Rafah
Rafah
Archived 2009-01-30 at the Wayback Machine. Rafah
Rafah
Today. ^ Mitch Potter, Something that works: the Rafah
Rafah
crossing, The Toronto Star, May 21, 2006. ^ a b "Climate: Rafiah - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-02-21.  ^ a b "Climate: Rafah
Rafah
- Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Archived from the original on 2014-02-23. Retrieved 2014-02-21. 

Bibliography[edit]

Archduke of Austria, Ludwig Salvator (1881). The Caravan Route between Egypt
Egypt
and Syria. London: Chatto & Windus.  Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.  Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.  Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.  Dwyer, Philip (2007). Napoleon -The Path To Power 1769-1799. Bloomsbury. ISBN 0747574901.  Guérin, Victor (1869). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 1: Judee, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.  Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.  Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria
Syria
in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.  Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.  Strange, le, Guy (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria
Syria
and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. 

External links[edit]

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East Welcome To The City of Rafah Rafah
Rafah
Today, pictures by Palestinian journalist Mohammed Omer Rafah
Rafah
Smuggling Tunnels Rafah
Rafah
Pundits: Rafah
Rafah
Focused Blog Raising Yousuf - Blog by Laila el-Hadad who is a reporter for Aljazeera living in Gaza Reports from Rafah Interview with Hip Hop Artist Michael Franti - Reporting from Rafah. Part A Part B Satellite photos comparing 2001 to 2004. Razing Rafah: Mass Home Demolitions in the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
- Human Rights Watch The Olympia- Rafah
Rafah
Sister City Project - The organization started by people in the communities of Rafah, Gaza, and Olympia, WA The Madison- Rafah
Rafah
Sister City Project - A sistering project connecting the communities of Rafah, Gaza, and Madison, WI

v t e

Cities administered by the State of Palestine

West Bank

Abu Dis Arraba Bani Na'im Beit Sahour Beit Jala Beit Ummar Beitunia Bethlehem al-Bireh ad-Dhahiriya Dura al-Eizariya Halhul Hebron Idhna Jenin Jericho Nablus Qabatiya Qalqilyah al-Ram Ramallah Rawabi
Rawabi
(under construction) Sa'ir Salfit as-Samu Tarqumiya Tubas Tulkarm Ya'bad al-Yamun Yatta

Gaza Strip*

Abasan al-Kabira Bani Suheila Beit Hanoun Beit Lahia Deir al-Balah Gaza City Jabalia Khan Yunis Rafah az-Zawayda

*From June 2007, the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
has been under de facto Hamas governance.

v t e

Rafah
Rafah
Governorate

Cities

Rafah

Municipalities

al-Bayuk Shokat as-Sufi

Village councils

al-Mawasi al-Qarya as-Suwaydiya

Refugee camps

Rafah
Rafah
camp Tall as-Sultan

v t e

Palestine refugee camps
Palestine refugee camps
locations and populations as of 2015[1]

 Gaza Strip 518,000 UNRWA refugees  West Bank 188,150 UNRWA refugees  Syria 319,958 UNRWA refugees  Lebanon 188,850 UNRWA refugees  Jordan 355,500 UNRWA refugees

Al-Shati (Beach camp) 87,000

Bureij 34,000

Deir al-Balah 21,000

Jabalia 110,000

Khan Yunis 72,000

Maghazi 24,000

Nuseirat 66,000

Rafah 104,000

Canada Camp closed

Aqabat Jaber 6,400

Ein as-Sultan 1,900

Far'a 7,600

Fawwar 8,000

Jalazone 11,000

Kalandia 11,000

Am'ari 10,500

Deir 'Ammar 2,400

Dheisheh 13,000

Aida 4,700

Al-Arroub 10,400

Askar 15,900

Balata 23,600

'Azza
'Azza
(Beit Jibrin) 1,000

Ein Beit al-Ma'
Ein Beit al-Ma'
(Camp No. 1) 6,750

Tulkarm
Tulkarm
camp 18,000

Nur Shams 9,000

Jenin
Jenin
camp 16,000

Shuafat
Shuafat
camp 11,000

Silwad

Sbeineh 22,600

Khan Eshieh (ar) 20,000

Neirab 20,500

Homs 22,000

Jaramana
Jaramana
camp 18,658

Daraa
Daraa
camp 10,000

Hama
Hama
camp 8,000

Khan Dannun 10,000

Qabr Essit (ar) 23,700

Unofficial camps

Ein Al-Tal (ar) 6,000

Latakia Camp 10,000

Yarmouk 148,500

Bourj el-Barajneh 17,945

Ain al-Hilweh 54,116

El Buss 11,254

Nahr al-Bared 5,857

Shatila 9,842

Wavel 8,806

Mar Elias 662

Mieh Mieh 5,250

Beddawi 16,500

Burj el-Shemali 22,789

Dbayeh
Dbayeh
camp 4,351

Rashidieh 31,478

Zarqa
Zarqa
camp 20,000

Jabal el-Hussein 29,000

Amman New Camp
Amman New Camp
(Wihdat) 51,500

Souf 20,000

Baqa'a 104,000

Husn (Martyr Azmi el-Mufti camp) 22,000

Irbid
Irbid
camp 25,000

Jerash
Jerash
camp 24,000

Marka 53,000

Talbieh 8,000

References

^ "Camp Profiles". unrwa.org. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 264798

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