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Putrajaya, officially the Federal Territory of Putrajaya, is a planned city and the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The seat of government was shifted in 1999 from Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
to Putrajaya
Putrajaya
because of overcrowding and congestion in the former. Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
remains Malaysia's national capital and is the seat of the King, the Parliament, and all the foreign embassies, and the country's commercial and financial centre. Putrajaya
Putrajaya
was the idea of former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. It became Malaysia's third Federal Territory, after Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
and Labuan, in 2001. Named after the first Malaysian Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra, the territory is entirely enclaved within the Sepang District of the state of Selangor. Putrajaya
Putrajaya
is also a part of MSC Malaysia, a special economic zone that covers Klang Valley. In Sanskrit, "putra" means "prince" or "male child", and "jaya" means "success" or "victory". The development of Putrajaya
Putrajaya
started in the early 1990s; today, major landmarks have been completed and the population is expected to grow in the near future.

Contents

1 History and design 2 Government and infrastructure 3 Demographics

3.1 Population 3.2 Religious Demography

4 Public buildings and monuments 5 Open space 6 Education 7 Transport

7.1 By car

7.1.1 Major highways 7.1.2 List of road bridges

7.2 Public transport

7.2.1 Rail 7.2.2 Buses

8 Politics 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns and sister cities

10 Image gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

History and design[edit]

Putrajaya
Putrajaya
precincts

Putrajaya
Putrajaya
used to be Prang Besar ('ڤراڠ بسر), and was founded in 1918 as Air Hitam by the British. Its land area of 800 acres (3.2 km2) expanded to 8,000 acres (32 km2), and it was merged with surrounding estates, including Estet Raja Alang, Estet Galloway and Estet Bukit Prang. The vision of a new Federal Government Administrative Centre to replace Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
as the administrative capital emerged in the late 1980s, during the tenure of Malaysia's fourth prime minister, Mahathir bin Mohamad. The new city was proposed to be located between Kuala Lumpur and the new Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
International Airport (KLIA). Two areas were proposed: Prang Besar and Janda Baik of Pahang.[4] The Federal government negotiated with the state of Selangor
Selangor
on the prospect of another Federal Territory. In the mid-1990s the Federal government paid a substantial amount of money to Selangor
Selangor
for approximately 11,320 acres (45.8 km2) of land in Prang Besar, Selangor. As a result of this land purchase, the state of Selangor
Selangor
now completely surrounds two Federal territories within its borders, namely Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
and Putrajaya. Planned as a garden city and intelligent city, 38% of the area is reserved for green spaces in which the natural landscape is enhanced. The plan incorporated a network of open spaces and wide boulevards. Construction began in August 1995; it was Malaysia's biggest project and one of Southeast Asia's largest, with an estimated final cost of US$8.1 billion. The entire project was designed and constructed by Malaysian companies with only 10% of the materials imported. The Asian Financial Crisis
Asian Financial Crisis
of 1997/1998 somewhat slowed the development of Putrajaya. 300 members of the Prime Minister's office staff moved there in 1999, and the remaining government servants moved in 2005. On 1 February 2001 Prime Minister Mahathir declared Putrajaya as a Federal Territory in a ceremony by which Putrajaya
Putrajaya
township was handed over from the Selangor
Selangor
state authorities. In 2002 a rail link called KLIA Transit
KLIA Transit
was opened, linking Putrajaya to KLIA in Sepang. However, construction of the Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Monorail, which was intended to be the city's metro system, was suspended owing to high costs. One of the monorail suspension bridges in Putrajaya remains unused. In April 2013 the Putrajaya
Putrajaya
government signed a letter of intent (LOI) with the government of Sejong City
Sejong City
in South Korea
South Korea
to mark co-operation between the two cities.[5] Government and infrastructure[edit] As of 2012[update] almost all of Malaysia's governmental ministries had relocated to Putrajaya. The only ministries remaining in Kuala Lumpur were the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Works.[6] Alamanda Shopping Centre, located near the governmental ministries in Precinct 1, was opened to serve people who work, play and live in Putrajaya. Demographics[edit] Population[edit] In 2007 the population of Putrajaya
Putrajaya
was estimated to be over 30,000, which comprised mainly government servants. Government servants have been encouraged to relocate to the city through a variety of government subsidy and loan programs. The population had increased to 88,300 by 2015.[3] Religious Demography[edit]

Religion in Putrajaya
Putrajaya
- 2010 Census[7]

religion

percent

Islam

97.4%

Hinduism

1.0%

Christianity

0.9%

Buddhism

0.4%

Unknown / None

0.2%

Others

0.1%

No Religion

0%

Chinese Ethnic Religion

0%

As of 2010[update], the population of Putrajaya
Putrajaya
is 97.4% Muslim, 1.0% Hindu, 0.9% Christian, 0.4% Buddhist, 0.2 % unknown and 0.1% other religion. The Malaysian constitution strictly defines what makes a "Malay", considering Malays those who are Muslim, speak Malay regularly, practise Malay customs, and lived in or have ancestors from Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia
Malaysia
and Singapore. Statistics from the 2010 Census indicate that 45.9% of the Chinese population identify as Buddhists, with significant minorities of adherents identifying as Muslims (21.7%), Christians (15.7%) and Chinese folk religions (2.9%). The majority of the Indian population identify as Hindus (71.9%), with a significant minorities of numbers identifying as Christians (9.0%), Muslims (7.8%) and Buddhists (0.7%). The non-Malay bumiputera community are predominantly Muslims (48.7%) and Christians (48.0%), with significant minorities identifying as Atheists (1.07%) and Buddhists (0.8%). Public buildings and monuments[edit]

Perdana Putra, the Prime Minister's office

Istana Melawati

Putra Mosque

Perdana Putra
Perdana Putra
– office of the Prime Minister Seri Perdana – official residence of the Prime Minister Sri Satria – official residence of the Deputy Prime Minister Palace of Justice Ministry of Finance Wisma Putra
Wisma Putra
– Malaysian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Melawati National Palace Istana Darul Ehsan Putrajaya
Putrajaya
International Convention Centre Perdana Leadership Foundation Heritage Square Selera Putra Souq Putrajaya Pusat Kejiranan Presint 9 Pusat Kejiranan Presint 16 Putra Mosque Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Mosque
Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Mosque
( Iron Mosque
Iron Mosque
(Masjid Besi))

Monuments

Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Landmark Millennium Monument National Heroes Square

Open space[edit]

Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Lake Putra Square Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Wetlands Park Taman Selatan Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Botanical Gardens – The biggest botanical garden in Malaysia, covering an area over 92 hectares[8]

Education[edit] Kindergarten and Pre-School

Brainy Bunch International Montessori (Presint 14) Government Pre-School (Pra-Sekolah) located in Primary School.

Primary & Secondary Education in Putrajaya
Putrajaya
is provided by a few schools such as:

SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 5 (1). SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 8 (1). SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 9. SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 9 (2). SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 11 (1). SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 11 (2). SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 14 (1). SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 16 (1). SMK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 18 (1). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 5 (1). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 8 (1). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 8 (2). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 9 (1). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 9 (2). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 11 (1). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 11 (2). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 11 (3). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 14 (1). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 16 (1). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 16 (2). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 18 (1). SK Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Presint 18 (2).

There are also two elite fully residential schools in Putrajaya:

Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Putrajaya

Perdana University has established an interim campus in Putrajaya which hosts the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (PUGSOM) and the Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (PU-RCSI) medical schools:

Johns Hopkins University in Malaysia Perdana University Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Other universities:

Heriot-Watt University
Heriot-Watt University
( Heriot-Watt University
Heriot-Watt University
Malaysia) has a campus in precinct 5.[9]

International Schools

Nexus international school Located at precinct 15 The international modern arabic school located at precinct 14

Transport[edit] Putrajaya
Putrajaya
is home to the world's largest roundabout, the Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah with a perimeter of 3.5 km. (2.7 miles) By car[edit] Major highways[edit] Putrajaya
Putrajaya
is surrounded by federal highways 29 on the western side and 30 on the eastern side. The South Klang Valley
Klang Valley
Expressway E26, connecting Pulau Indah to Kajang, runs through the northern end of Putrajaya. ELITE E6 exit 607 serves Putrajaya
Putrajaya
and also nearby Cyberjaya. Highway 29 interchanges with Damansara– Puchong Expressway (LDP) E11 in the northwestern corner of Putrajaya, linking the city with Puchong, Subang Jaya, Kelana Jaya
Kelana Jaya
and all the way to Kepong. Within Putrajaya, the following roads serve as the main thoroughfares of the city.

Persiaran Persekutuan Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah (The world's largest roundabout with a diameter of 3.5 km (2.2 miles)) Persiaran Utara Lebuh Sentosa Persiaran Barat Persiaran Selatan Persiaran Timur Persiaran Perdana (Boulevard)

List of road bridges[edit]

Seri Wawasan Bridge

Seri Perdana Bridge Putra Bridge Seri Wawasan Bridge Seri Bakti Bridge Seri Saujana Bridge Seri Bestari Bridge Seri Setia Bridge Seri Gemilang Bridge

Public transport[edit] Rail[edit] The only direct rail connection to Putrajaya
Putrajaya
is the KLIA Transit
KLIA Transit
line through Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Sentral, which connects to KL Sentral, Bandar Tasik Selatan, Salak Tinggi, KLIA and Klia2.[10] Sungai Buloh-Serdang-Putrajaya MRT Line
Sungai Buloh-Serdang-Putrajaya MRT Line
is currently being constructed and will also connect to Putrajaya Sentral
Putrajaya Sentral
as well.[11] Kuala Lumpur– Singapore
Singapore
High Speed Rail will also connect to Putrajaya along the route from Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
to Singapore, but will be located right outside the borders of Putrajaya, nearby Presint 14. Around 2003, a plan for a monorail in Putrajaya
Putrajaya
was under construction but was halted due to the stoppage of funding from the government. However, there has been plans to continue the project, or/and constructing a new tram line as well. Buses[edit] Putrajaya Corporation
Putrajaya Corporation
provides its own stage bus services through its subsidiary Nadi Putra using natural gas-powered buses and a few electric buses. The bus service serves the entirety of Putrajaya
Putrajaya
as well as Cyberjaya, and provides express bus routes to Kuala Lumpur through Puduraya
Puduraya
and a few other nearby cities from its hubs at Putrajaya Sentral
Putrajaya Sentral
and P&R Presint 14.[12] Bus stops in Putrajaya are very common too and serves Nadi Putra. Rapid KL, Causeway Link
Causeway Link
and Cityliner also provides bus services to other areas from Putrajaya Sentral such as Banting, Puchong, Bandar Utama and Petaling Jaya. Intercity buses also serve bus routes from Putrajaya Sentral
Putrajaya Sentral
to the northern states. Politics[edit] Putrajaya
Putrajaya
is represented in the Dewan Rakyat
Dewan Rakyat
of the Malaysian Parliament by Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor of UMNO, part of the Barisan Nasional ruling coalition. Tengku Adnan is also the Minister of Federal Territories.[13] Being a Federal Territory, Putrajaya
Putrajaya
does not have a state assembly, and the constituency is not divided into any state seats. International relations[edit] Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Putrajaya
Putrajaya
is twinned with these cities:

Cyberjaya, Malaysia Sejong City, South Korea[14]

Image gallery[edit]

Panoramic image of Putrajaya, (from left to right) the Putra Bridge, the Ministry of Finance on the left, the Seri Wawasan Bridge, the Istana Darul Ehsan
Istana Darul Ehsan
next to it

Panorama of Putrajaya
Putrajaya
from Cyberjaya
Cyberjaya
Lake Gardens in February 2011.

Aerial Photograph - Oct 2013

The Prime Minister's office at Perdana Putra

Perbadanan government complex

The Ministry of Finance complex

Istana Kehakiman

Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Walk

PM Office and Putra Mosque
Putra Mosque
at night

Interior view of the Seri Wawasan Bridge

Putra Mosque
Putra Mosque
with the Prime Minister's office in the background

Seri Saujana Bridge
Seri Saujana Bridge
at night

Pullman Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Lakeside Hotel

Modern architecture includes streetlamps

Putrajaya International Convention Centre
Putrajaya International Convention Centre
(PICC)

Ministry of Health Building

Highrises in Precinct 8

Ministry of Agriculture and Agro Based Industry Building

See also[edit]

Malaysia
Malaysia
portal

List of countries with multiple capitals

References[edit]

Citations

^ "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 27. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.  ^ https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cone&menu_id=bkJnUlk2WXUyT0hVWm5IZXlubERjUT09 ^ a b "Population by States and Ethnic Group". Department of Information, Ministry of Communications and Multimedia, Malaysia. 2015. Archived from the original on 12 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2015.  ^ (in Malay)Abdullah, Hasfiza (February 2012). DARI PRANG BESAR KE PUTRAJAYA. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ "Closer ties between Putrajaya
Putrajaya
and Sejong, Korea". (Archived from the original) The Star (Malaysia). Saturday 6 April 2013. Updated on Friday 26 April 2013. Retrieved on 1 January 2014. ^ "Malaysian envoy acclaims Sejong City." (Archive) The Korea Times. 23 September 2012. ^ "2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia" (PDF) (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2012. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ " Putrajaya
Putrajaya
Botanical Garden (Taman Botani)". Tourism Malaysia. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.  ^ http://www.hw.ac.uk/malaysia.htm ^ Bhd, Express Rail Link
Express Rail Link
Sdn. "KLIAtransit Schedule - KLIA Ekspres". www.kliaekspres.com. Retrieved 2017-03-26.  ^ "MYMRT MRT Corp - Official webpage for the Klang Valley
Klang Valley
My Rapid Transit". www.mymrt.com.my. Retrieved 2017-03-26.  ^ "PENGANGKUTAN AWAM PUTRAJAYA SDN BHD". www.papsb.com.my. Retrieved 2017-03-26.  ^ "Ahli Parlimen". Portal Rasmi Parlimen Malaysia. Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ Yeen, Oh Ing. "Closer ties between Putrajaya
Putrajaya
and Sejong, Korea - Community The Star Online". Retrieved 2017-02-13. 

General

" Putrajaya
Putrajaya
presentation". Yangsquare.com. Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

King, Ross: Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
and Putrajaya: Negotiating Urban Space in Malaysia, Nias Press, 2008

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Putrajaya.

Putrajaya
Putrajaya
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Tourism Malaysia
Malaysia
– Putrajaya Traveller's guide to Putrajaya
Putrajaya
written and maintained by locals State Development Office – State Development Office Wilayah Persekutuan

v t e

Federal Territory of Putrajaya

Capital: Putrajaya

Topics

Index History Putrajaya Corporation
Putrajaya Corporation
Chairman Constitution Elections Geography Law Music Symbols

Flag Seal

Tourist attractions

Society

Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Politics

Commons Wikisource Category

v t e

States and federal territories of Malaysia

States

 Johor  Kedah  Kelantan  Melaka  Negeri Sembilan  Pahang  Penang  Perak  Perlis  Sabah  Sarawak  Selangor  Terengganu

Federal Territories

 Kuala Lumpur  Labuan  Putrajaya

v t e

MSC Malaysia

Headquarters

Cyberjaya

Area coverage

Klang Valley

Landmarks

Petronas Towers Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Tower Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Sentral Technology Park Malaysia Putrajaya Cyberjaya Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
International Airport SUNTECH Tower i-City

Infrastructures

Express Rail Link Maju Expressway
Maju Expressway
(MEX)

KL-KLIA Dedicated Expressway

Total Airport Management Systems

Applications

e-Government MyKad

Companies

Asia Media Astro Holdings Sdn Bhd

Astro

MYTV Broadcasting

v t e

Capitals of Asia

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

North and Central Asia South Asia Southeast Asia West and Southwest Asia

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan Astana, Kazakhstan* Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Dushanbe, Tajikistan Moscow, Russia* Tashkent, Uzbekistan

East Asia

Beijing, China Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
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Macau
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Taiwan
(ROC) Tokyo, Japan Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Kabul, Afghanistan Dhaka, Bangladesh Diego Garcia, BIOT (UK) Islamabad, Pakistan Kathmandu, Nepal Kotte, Sri Lanka Malé, Maldives New Delhi, India Thimphu, Bhutan

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*Transcontinental country. † Disputed. See: Posit

.