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Puno
Puno
is a city in southeastern Peru, located on the shore of Lake Titicaca. It is the capital city of the Puno Region
Puno Region
and the Puno Province with a population of approximately 149,064 (2014 estimate). The city was established in 1668 by viceroy Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro as capital of the province of Paucarcolla with the name San Juan Bautista de Puno. The name was later changed to San Carlos de Puno, in honor of king Charles II of Spain. Puno
Puno
has several churches dating back from the colonial period; they were built to service the Spanish population and evangelize the natives.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Overview 2 Climate 3 Folklore 4 Handicrafts 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Overview[edit]

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Puno
Puno
is an important agricultural and livestock region; important livestock are llamas and alpacas, which graze on its immense plateaus and plains. Much of the city economy relies on the black market, fueled by cheap goods smuggled in from Bolivia. Puno
Puno
is served by the Inca Manco Capac International Airport
Inca Manco Capac International Airport
in nearby Juliaca.

Floating Islands

Puno
Puno
is situated between the shores of Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca
and the mountains surrounding the city. There is less than two miles of flat land between the shores and the foothills, which has caused the growing city to continue to expand upwards onto the hillsides. As a result, the town's less developed and poorest areas, which are high on the hillsides, often have very steep streets, which are generally unpaved and cannot be accessed by automobile. Up one of these streets is the Kuntur Wasi viewpoint, which has a large metal sculpture of a condor. There are some 700 steps to climb to reach the sculpture, but the view across the city and Lake Titicaca beyond is breathtaking. During the celebrations of the Feast of the "Virgen de la Candelaria" and the Regional Competition of Autochthonous Dances. Puno's access to Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca
is surrounded by 41 floating islands. To this day, the Uros
Uros
people maintain and live on these man-made islands, depending on the lake for their survival, and are a large tourist destination. Dragon Boat racing, an old tradition in Puno, is a very popular activity amongst tourists. Puno
Puno
is the first major hub in the constant migration of indigenous peoples of the Andes to the larger cities of Peru. It is the largest city in the Southern Altiplano and is the recipient of new residents from surrounding smaller agricultural communities of people seeking better opportunities for education and employment. As such, Puno
Puno
is served by several small Institutes of Technology, Education and other technical or junior college-type facilities. Additionally it is home to what is commonly referred to as the "UNA" or the Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, which was founded in 1856. Climate[edit] Puno
Puno
features a subtropical highland climate (Cwc). As Puno
Puno
is located at such a high elevation, it experiences more extreme weather conditions than would be expected for its tropical latitude. The average annual temperature is about 8.4 °C,[2] and the weather never gets overly warm. During the winter months from June to August, night-time temperatures usually drop well below 0 °C. At this high altitude, the rays of the sun are very strong. Most of the annual precipitation falls during the southern hemisphere summer, with the winter months being very dry.

Climate data for Puno

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 15.5 (59.9) 15.3 (59.5) 15.2 (59.4) 15.3 (59.5) 14.9 (58.8) 14.0 (57.2) 14.1 (57.4) 14.9 (58.8) 15.9 (60.6) 16.5 (61.7) 16.8 (62.2) 16.6 (61.9) 15.4 (59.7)

Average low °C (°F) 5.6 (42.1) 5.4 (41.7) 5.2 (41.4) 3.7 (38.7) 0.8 (33.4) −0.9 (30.4) −1.3 (29.7) 0.0 (32) 1.7 (35.1) 3.4 (38.1) 4.3 (39.7) 5.3 (41.5) 2.8 (37)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 173.7 (6.839) 149.2 (5.874) 131.3 (5.169) 58.9 (2.319) 8.8 (0.346) 5.7 (0.224) 2.5 (0.098) 12.1 (0.476) 23.5 (0.925) 53.0 (2.087) 54.4 (2.142) 87.2 (3.433) 760.3 (29.933)

Source: SENAMHI[3]

Folklore[edit]

Devil of Puno, Dance that is practiced in the Peruvian highlands. Devil Puneño. Diablada puneña during the Festival de la Candelaria in Peru. The Supay in Diablada Puneña during the Festival of Candelaria. Lightsuits

Music and dance are typical parts of the Puno
Puno
folklore. The most important dances are the Wifala de Asillo, the Ichu Carnival, the Tuntuna, the Khashua de Capachica, the Machu-tusuj, the Kcajelo, and the Pandilla Puneña. Handicrafts[edit] Textiles and other products created from alpaca, llama, or sheep wool are characteristic of the area. They also make musical instruments like the siku (wind instrument) and the charango. The Toritos de Pucara are the most impressive ceramic pieces made. Gallery[edit]

Plaza de Armas.

Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca
as seen from the shore.

Sunrise in the Titicaca lake.

Puno
Puno
and Titicaca lake.

Justice Palace.

View of Puno
Puno
from the North.

View of Puno
Puno
from Titicaca Lake.

See also[edit]

Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca
rail ferry PeruRail Esteves (island)

References[edit]

^ Perú: Población estimada al 30 de junio y tasa de crecimiento de las ciudades capitales, por departamento, 2011 y 2015. Perú: Estimaciones y proyecciones de población total por sexo de las principales ciudades, 2012-2015 (Report). Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. March 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ http://en.climate-data.org/location/1013/ ^ "Promedio de temperatura normal para Puno" (in Spanish). Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú. Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 

External links[edit]

Puno
Puno
on DiscoverPeru Travel Information about Puno Puno
Puno
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Peruvian cities with a population of over 100,000

Arequipa Ayacucho Cajamarca Callao Chiclayo Chimbote Chincha Cusco Huacho Huancayo Huaraz Ica Iquitos Juliaca Lima Pisco Piura Pucallpa Puno Sullana Tacna Talara Tarapoto Trujillo

v t e

Regional capitals of Peru

Abancay Arequipa Ayacucho Cajamarca Callao Cerro de Pasco Chachapoyas Chiclayo Cusco Huacho Huancavelica Huancayo Huánuco Huaraz Ica Iquitos Moquegua Moyobamba Piura Pucallpa Puerto Maldonado Puno Tacna Trujillo Tumbes

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124375074 GN

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