Puno is a city in southeastern Peru, located on the shore of Lake
Titicaca. It is the capital city of the
Puno Region and the Puno
Province with a population of approximately 149,064 (2014 estimate).
The city was established in 1668 by viceroy Pedro Antonio Fernández
de Castro as capital of the province of Paucarcolla with the name San
Juan Bautista de Puno. The name was later changed to San Carlos de
Puno, in honor of king Charles II of Spain.
Puno has several churches
dating back from the colonial period; they were built to service the
Spanish population and evangelize the natives.
6 See also
8 External links
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Puno is an important agricultural and livestock region; important
livestock are llamas and alpacas, which graze on its immense plateaus
and plains. Much of the city economy relies on the black market,
fueled by cheap goods smuggled in from Bolivia.
Puno is served by the
Inca Manco Capac International Airport
Inca Manco Capac International Airport in nearby Juliaca.
Puno is situated between the shores of
Lake Titicaca and the mountains
surrounding the city. There is less than two miles of flat land
between the shores and the foothills, which has caused the growing
city to continue to expand upwards onto the hillsides. As a result,
the town's less developed and poorest areas, which are high on the
hillsides, often have very steep streets, which are generally unpaved
and cannot be accessed by automobile.
Up one of these streets is the Kuntur Wasi viewpoint, which has a
large metal sculpture of a condor. There are some 700 steps to climb
to reach the sculpture, but the view across the city and Lake Titicaca
beyond is breathtaking.
During the celebrations of the Feast of the "Virgen de la Candelaria"
and the Regional Competition of Autochthonous Dances. Puno's access to
Lake Titicaca is surrounded by 41 floating islands. To this day, the
Uros people maintain and live on these man-made islands, depending on
the lake for their survival, and are a large tourist destination.
Dragon Boat racing, an old tradition in Puno, is a very popular
activity amongst tourists.
Puno is the first major hub in the constant migration of indigenous
peoples of the Andes to the larger cities of Peru. It is the largest
city in the Southern Altiplano and is the recipient of new residents
from surrounding smaller agricultural communities of people seeking
better opportunities for education and employment. As such,
served by several small Institutes of Technology, Education and other
technical or junior college-type facilities. Additionally it is home
to what is commonly referred to as the "UNA" or the Universidad
Nacional del Altiplano, which was founded in 1856.
Puno features a subtropical highland climate (Cwc).
Puno is located at such a high elevation, it experiences more
extreme weather conditions than would be expected for its tropical
latitude. The average annual temperature is about 8.4 °C, and
the weather never gets overly warm. During the winter months from June
to August, night-time temperatures usually drop well below 0 °C.
At this high altitude, the rays of the sun are very strong. Most of
the annual precipitation falls during the southern hemisphere summer,
with the winter months being very dry.
Climate data for Puno
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Devil of Puno, Dance that is practiced in the Peruvian highlands.
Devil Puneño. Diablada puneña during the Festival de la Candelaria
in Peru. The Supay in Diablada Puneña during the Festival of
Music and dance are typical parts of the
Puno folklore. The most
important dances are the Wifala de Asillo, the Ichu Carnival, the
Tuntuna, the Khashua de Capachica, the Machu-tusuj, the Kcajelo, and
the Pandilla Puneña.
Textiles and other products created from alpaca, llama, or sheep wool
are characteristic of the area. They also make musical instruments
like the siku (wind instrument) and the charango. The Toritos de
Pucara are the most impressive ceramic pieces made.
Plaza de Armas.
Lake Titicaca as seen from the shore.
Sunrise in the Titicaca lake.
Puno and Titicaca lake.
Puno from the North.
Puno from Titicaca Lake.
Lake Titicaca rail ferry
^ Perú: Población estimada al 30 de junio y tasa de crecimiento de
las ciudades capitales, por departamento, 2011 y 2015. Perú:
Estimaciones y proyecciones de población total por sexo de las
principales ciudades, 2012-2015 (Report). Instituto Nacional de
Estadística e Informática. March 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
^ "Promedio de temperatura normal para Puno" (in Spanish). Servicio
Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú. Archived from the
original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
Puno on DiscoverPeru
Travel Information about Puno
Puno travel guide from Wikivoyage
Peruvian cities with a population of over 100,000
Regional capitals of Peru
Cerro de Pasco