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The PROVINCE OF RAGUSA (Italian : PROVINCIA DI RAGUSA; Sicilian : PRUVINCIA \'I RAUSA) is a province in the autonomous region of Sicily in Italy
Italy
, located in the south-east of the island. Its capital is the city of Ragusa , which is the most southerly provincial capital in Italy.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Economy * 3 Transports

* 4 Sights

* 4.1 Baroque * 4.2 Archeology * 4.3 Castles

* 5 References * 6 External links

GEOGRAPHY

From Scoglitti to Pozzallo
Pozzallo
, the Ragusan coastline is approximately 85 kilometres (53 mi) long. Along the Ragusan coast are many fishing villages such as Kaukana , Punta Secca , Marina di Ragusa and Marina di Modica . The Hyblaean Mountains are dominating the north of the province and its highest peaks are Monte Lauro
Monte Lauro
, Monte Casale and Monte Arcibessi . The rivers of the province are the Irminio , Dirillo and Ippari and the only lake in the province is the Lago di Santa Rosalia along the course of the Irminio river. The skyline of Ragusa is punctuated by the towers , domes and cupolas of the many exquisite churches for which the province is known. The area is mostly unspoilt, as during the 19th century and early 20th century there was large migration from Ragusa to the more prosperous areas of Italy
Italy
and abroad.

It has an area of 1,614 square kilometres (623 sq mi) and a total population of 295,264 (2001). There are 12 comunes (Italian: comuni) in the province , see Comunes of the Province of Ragusa . By population, they are:

COMMUNE POPULATION

Ragusa 72,483

Vittoria 60,918

Modica 53,448

Comiso
Comiso
29,489

Scicli 25,855

Pozzallo
Pozzallo
18,393

Ispica 14,823

Santa Croce Camerina
Santa Croce Camerina
9,397

Acate
Acate
8,340

Chiaramonte Gulfi
Chiaramonte Gulfi
8,085

Monterosso Almo
Monterosso Almo
3,357

Giarratana
Giarratana
3,255

ECONOMY

Some of Ragusa province has changed dramatically over the last twenty years, largely due to tourism. However, many places in Ragusa remain untouched by the last two centuries, and the atmosphere of the 18th century still pervades them. Industries can be found in the towns of Ragusa and Pozzallo
Pozzallo
where are the two major industrial areas are located. The west and south of the province are mainly dedicated to the intensive farming in greenhouses and the local vegetables leave from the Market of Vittoria to be exported to all of Europe
Europe
making the province of Ragusa one of the biggest producers of greenhouse produce. In the areas around Ragusa and Modica cattle farming is at the highest levels in the region for milk, dairy and meat production. Tourism seems to have now replaced the fishing industry as the principal source of employment along the coast.

TRANSPORTS

* There are no motorways in the province and the main roads are the National SS.115 that crosses from west ( Gela
Gela
) to east (Syracuse ) and the SS.514 that running north connects Ragusa to Catania
Catania
. The SP.25 (Provincial Road) runs south from Ragusa to Marina di Ragusa . * The 120 kilometres (75 mi) of railway network of the province are entirely on single track and not electrified. Regional trains run regularly connecting the major cities. * Comiso
Comiso
Airport during the cold-war was the biggest NATO base in Europe
Europe
and has recently been refurbished to be converted from military to civil airport. * The Port of Pozzallo
Pozzallo
is the only cargo and passengers port (service to Malta
Malta
), and is located in the southern part of the province. * The other ports are either fishing ports like Scoglitti and Donnalucata or Marinas for touristic boats like Marina di Ragusa and Punta Secca .

Cathedral of San Giovanni, Ragusa. Duomo of San Giorgio, Ragusa Ibla. Duomo of San Giorgio, Modica.

SIGHTS

BAROQUE

Main article: Sicilian Baroque
Sicilian Baroque

The cities of Ragusa , Modica and Scicli contain many examples of baroque architecture and from 2002 are part of the World Heritage . The main monuments are:

* Cathedral of San Giovanni (Ragusa) * Portal
Portal
of San Giorgio (Ragusa Ibla) * Duomo of San Giorgio (Ragusa Ibla) * Duomo of San Giorgio (Modica) * Duomo of San Pietro (Modica) * Church of San Bartolomeo (Scicli) * Palazzo
Palazzo
Beneventano (Scicli)

ARCHEOLOGY

* The main archeological site of the province is the Greek city of Kamarina located on the coast. * Others are Kasmenai , Akrillai , Scornavacche, Kaukana (Roman), the Roman Baths of Comiso
Comiso
and the Cava Ispica .

CASTLES

* Castle of Donnafugata, near Ragusa , is a beautiful example of country residence of the Baron Corrado Arezzo that dominates the surrounding countryside. * Castle of the Counts of Modica in Modica town centre. * Castle of Naselli d’Aragona in Comiso
Comiso
dating to 1576. * Ruins of the fortress of Parco Forza in Ispica . * Acate
Acate
is housing the Castle of the Prince of Biscari constructed originally in 1494, it is a commanding feature of the town square . The construction of the castle was ordered by Baron Guglielmo Raimondo Paternò, its golden coloured