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Province of Avalon
Avalon
was the area around the settlement of Ferryland, Newfoundland and Labrador, in the 17th century, which upon the success of the colony grew to include the land held by Sir William Vaughan and all the land that lay between Ferryland
Ferryland
and Petty Harbour.

Contents

1 History

1.1 The London and Bristol Company 1.2 George Calvert

2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] The Avalon Peninsula
Avalon Peninsula
was one of the first European-inhabited areas in North America. In 1497 the Bristol Guild of Merchants financed a voyage by John Cabot
John Cabot
to Newfoundland, where he is reported to have landed at Cape Bonavista.[1] Breton, Basque, and Portuguese fishermen spoke of "a land of codfish".[2] They were familiar with the Avalon Peninsula where many would set up temporary shelters to dry fish. The London and Bristol Company[edit] Main article: London and Bristol Company In the early 17th century English merchants began to take an interest in the Newfoundland fishery. The Bristol Society of Merchant Venturers established the London and Bristol Company
London and Bristol Company
(the Newfoundland Company) in 1608[3] and sent John Guy, to locate a favourable location for a colony.[4] The first permanent English settlement was established at Cuper's Cove in 1610.[5] The company was granted a charter by James I on 2 May 1610 giving it a monopoly in agriculture, mining, fishing and hunting on the Avalon Peninsula.[6] They retained exclusive rights until 1616 when the Crown began to grant lands to others.[7] George Calvert[edit] Sir George Calvert
George Calvert
acquired a large land holding on the peninsula. and hired an agent Captain Edward Wynne to set up headquarters in Ferryland. The initial colony grew to a population of 100, becoming the first successful permanent settlement on Newfoundland island. In 1620 Calvert obtained a grant from Sir William Vaughan for all of the land that lay north of a point between Fermeuse and Aquaforte to as far north as Caplin Bay (now Calvert) on the southern shore of the Avalon
Avalon
Peninsula. In 1623 Calvert was given a Royal Charter
Royal Charter
extending the Royal lands and granting them the name the Province of Avalon
Avalon
"in imitation of Old Avalon
Avalon
in Somersetshire wherein Glassenbury stands, the first fruits of Christianity in Britain".[8] The charter created the province as a palatinate in which Calvert had absolute authority. Calvert wished to make the colony a refuge for Roman Catholics
Roman Catholics
facing persecution in England. In 1625 Calvert was made the first Lord Baltimore. A series of crises and calamities led Calvert to quit the colony in 1629 for "some other warmer climate of this new world", which turned out to be Maryland, though his family maintained agents to govern Avalon
Avalon
until 1637, when the entire island of Newfoundland was granted by charter to Sir David Kirke
David Kirke
and James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton. Calvert's son, Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, fought against the new charter, and in 1660 gained official recognition of the old Charter of Avalon, but never attempted to retake the colony. The site of the colony was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1953[9] It was also designated a Municipal Heritage District in 1998.[10] See also[edit]

List of communities in Newfoundland and Labrador Cuper's Cove Bristol's Hope British colonisation of the Americas William Vaughan (writer)

References[edit]

^ "John Day letter to the Lord Grand Admiral, Winter 1497/8", The Smugglers' City, Dept. of History, University of Bristol ^ "European fishermen in Newfoundland". Retrieved 7 September 2007.  ^ ""Charter of the London and Bristol Company. Earl of Northhampton and Associates." Volume III 1701–1705: The Labrador Boundary Dispute Documents". Heritage.nf.ca. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2015.  ^ Ross, Andrew; Smith, Andrew (2011). Canada's Entrepreneurs: From The Fur Trade to the 1929 Stock Market Crash: Portraits from the Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442662544.  ^ "The Cupids Colony and John Guy". Heritage Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved 2 November 2015.  ^ Naylor, R. T. (2006). Canada in the European Age, 1453–1919. McGill-Queen's Press. p. 56. ISBN 9780773575462.  ^ Chambers, Anne Lorene (1997). Married Women and Property Law in Victorian Ontario. University of Toronto Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780802078391.  ^ Kevin Major, As Near to Heaven by Sea: A History of Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001, ISBN 0-14-027864-8 ^ Colony of Avalon
Avalon
National Historic Site of Canada. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 8 July 2012. ^ Colony of Avalon
Avalon
Special
Special
Preservation Area Municipal Heritage District. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 July 2012.

External links[edit]

Official Colony of Avalon
Avalon
website

Coordinates: 47°01′21″N 52°52′45″W / 47.0226°N 52.8791°W / 47.0226; -52.8791

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