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Protestant
Protestant
Reformers were those theologians whose careers, works and actions brought about the Protestant
Protestant
Reformation
Reformation
of the 16th century. Historically speaking, "Protestant" was the name given to those princes present at the Holy Roman Imperial Diet of Speyer in 1529 who protested the revocation of the suspension, granted at a prior Diet of Speyer in 1526, of Edict of Worms of 1521, which had outlawed Martin Luther and his followers.

Contents

1 Precursors 2 Magisterial Reformers 3 Radical Reformers 4 Second Front Reformers 5 Counter Reformers 6 See also 7 Further reading

Precursors[edit] There were a number of people who contributed to the development of the Reformation, but lived before it, including:

John Wycliffe John Hus Jerome
Jerome
of Prague Savonarola Peter Waldo Wessel Harmensz Gansfort

Magisterial Reformers[edit]

Part of a series on

Reformation

Ninety-five Theses

Precursors

Arnold of Brescia
Arnold of Brescia
and Arnoldists Peter Waldo
Peter Waldo
and Waldensians Girolamo Savonarola John Wycliffe
John Wycliffe
and Lollardy William Tyndale Jan Hus
Jan Hus
and Hussites

Beginning

Ninety-five Theses Diet of Worms Luther Bible Iconoclasm Magisterials Radicals

Contributing factors

Western Schism Avignon Papacy Bohemian Reformation Northern Renaissance Humanism Johann Reuchlin German mysticism Johannes Gutenberg
Johannes Gutenberg
and his printing press Erasmus Propaganda Art

Theologies of seminal figures

Theology of Martin Luther Theology of Huldrych Zwingli Theology of John Calvin

Protestant
Protestant
Reformers

Martin Luther Philip Melanchthon Huldrych Zwingli John Calvin Martin Bucer Theodore Beza Heinrich Bullinger Peter Martyr Vermigli William Farel John Knox Roger Williams Thomas Müntzer Balthasar Hubmaier Andreas Karlstadt Menno Simons Thomas Cranmer Richard Hooker Many others

Major political leaders

Henry VIII of England Elizabeth I of England Oliver Cromwell James VI and I William the Silent Gaspard II de Coligny Henry IV of France Jeanne d'Albret Stephen Bocskai Gabriel Bethlen Gustav II Adolf Frederick V, Elector Palatine Philip I of Hesse Frederick III, Elector of Saxony John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony

By location

Germany Switzerland (Geneva/Zürich) England Scotland Netherlands Czech Lands Slovakia Hungary Romania Slovenia Denmark–Norway and Holstein Sweden and Finland Iceland Estonia and Latvia Austria France Italy Poland-Lithuania Ireland

Political and religious conflicts

Thirty Years' War French Wars of Religion Eighty Years' War War of the Three Kingdoms German Peasants' War Wars of Kappel Schmalkaldic War

Opposition

Catholic Church Council of Trent Anti-Protestantism Criticism of Protestantism Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Conclusion

Peace of Westphalia Rise of Pietism No end thesis

Commemoration

Reformation
Reformation
Day Reformation
Reformation
Wall Lutheran commemorations Anglican commemorations

Protestantism

v t e

There were a number of key reformers within the Magisterial Reformation, including:

Theodore Beza Martin Bucer Heinrich Bullinger John Calvin Andreas von Carlstadt, later a Radical Reformer Wolfgang Fabricius Capito Martin Chemnitz Thomas Cranmer William Farel Matthias Flacius Caspar Hedio Justus Jonas John Knox Jan Łaski Martin Luther Philipp Melanchthon Johannes Oecolampadius Peter Martyr Vermigli Aonio Paleario Laurentius Petri Olaus Petri Jiří Třanovský William Tyndale Joachim Vadian Pierre Viret Primož Trubar Huldrych Zwingli

Radical Reformers[edit] Reformers of the Radical Reformation
Reformation
and the Anabaptist
Anabaptist
movement included:

John of Leiden Thomas Müntzer Kaspar Schwenkfeld Sebastian Franck Menno Simons

Second Front Reformers[edit] There were also a number of people who initially cooperated with the Radical Reformers, but separated from them to form a "Second Front", principally in objection to sacralism. Among these were:

Hans Denck Conrad Grebel Balthasar Hubmaier Felix Manz

Counter Reformers[edit] Roman Catholics
Roman Catholics
who worked against the Protestant
Protestant
Reformation included:

Girolamo Aleandro Augustine Alveld Thomas Cajetan Johann Cochlaeus Johann Eck Jerome
Jerome
Emser Pope Leo X John Tetzel Thomas More Ignatius Loyola Francis de Sales

See also[edit]

List of Protestant
Protestant
Reformers (alphabetical) Criticism of Protestantism

Further reading[edit]

George, Timothy. Theology of the Reformers. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman Press, 1988. N.B.: Comparative studies of the various leaders of the Magisterial and Radical movements of the 16th century Protestant Reformation.

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History of Christianity

Centuries:1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st

Ministry of Jesus and Apostolic Age

Jesus

Ministry Crucifixion Resurrection

Holy Spirit Leadership

Apostles Seventy disciples Paul the Apostle Council of Jerusalem

Great Commission New Testament

Background Gospels Acts Pauline epistles General epistles Revelation

Ante-Nicene Period

Judaism split Justin Martyr Ignatius Persecution Fathers Irenaeus Marcionism Canon Tertullian Montanism Origen

Late ancient

Constantine Monasticism Councils: Nicaea I Creed Athanasius Arianism Jerome Augustine Constantinople I Ephesus I Chalcedon

Eastern Christianity

Eastern Orthodoxy Church of the East Oriental Orthodoxy Chrysostom Nestorianism Iconoclasm Great Schism Fall of Constantinople Armenia Georgia Greece Egypt Syria Ethiopia Bulgaria Ottoman Empire Russia America

Middle Ages

Pelagianism Gregory I Celtic Germanic Scandinavian Kievan Rus' Investiture Anselm Abelard Bernard of Clairvaux Bogomils Cathars Crusades Waldensians Inquisition Scholasticism Dominic Francis Bonaventure Aquinas Wycliffe Avignon Papal Schism Bohemian Reformation Hus Conciliarism

Catholicism

Primacy development Papacy Timeline Lateran IV Trent Counter-Reformation Thomas More Leo X Guadalupe Jesuits Jansenists Xavier Monastery dissolution Wars Teresa Vatican I and II Modernism

Reformation

Protestantism

Erasmus Five solae Eucharist Calvinist–Arminian debate Arminianism Dort Wars

Lutheranism

Martin Luther 95 Theses Diet of Worms Melanchthon Orthodoxy Eucharist Book of Concord

Calvinism

Zwingli Calvin Presbyterianism Scotland Knox TULIP Dort Three Forms of Unity Westminster

Anglicanism

Timeline Henry VIII Cranmer Settlement 39 Articles Common Prayer Puritans Civil War

Anabaptism

Radical Reformation Grebel Swiss Brethren Müntzer Martyrs' Synod Menno Simons Smyth

1640–1789

Revivalism English denominations Baptists Congregationalism First Great Awakening Methodism Millerism Pietism Neo- and Old Lutherans

1789–present

Camp meeting Holiness movement Independent Catholic denominations Second Great Awakening Restoration Movement Jehovah's Witnesses Mormonism Seventh-day Adventist Adventism Third Great Awakening Azusa Revival Fundamentalism Ecumenism Evangelicalism Jesus movement Mainline Protestant Pentecostalism Charismatics Liberation theology Christian right Christian left Genocide by ISIL

Timeline Missions Timeline Martyrs Theology Eastern Orthodoxy Oriental Orthodoxy Protestantism

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