Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likelihood of a person's survival. When applied to large statistical populations, prognostic estimates can be very accurate: for example the statement "45% of patients with severe septic shock will die within 28 days" can be made with some confidence, because previous research found that this proportion of patients died. This statistical information does not apply to the prognosis for each individual patient: additional information is needed to determine whether a patient belongs to the 45% who will die, or to the 55% who survive. A complete prognosis includes the expected duration, function, and description of the course of the disease, such as progressive decline, intermittent crisis, or sudden, unpredictable crisis.
2 Estimator 3 History 4 See also 5 References 6 External links
Progression-free survival - the length of time during and after medication or treatment during which the disease being treated (usually cancer) does not get worse. Survival rate - indicating the percentage of people in a study or treatment group who are alive for a given period of time after diagnosis. Survival time - the remaining duration of life. If not otherwise specified, it generally starts from the time of diagnosis.
History One of the earliest written works of medicine is the Book of Prognostics of Hippocrates, written around 400 BC. This work opens with the following statement: "It appears to me a most excellent thing for the physician to cultivate Prognosis; for by foreseeing and foretelling, in the presence of the sick, the present, the past, and the future, and explaining the omissions which patients have been guilty of, he will be the more readily believed to be acquainted with the circumstances of the sick; so that men will have confidence to intrust themselves to such a physician." For 19th century physicians, particularly those following the French school of medicine, the main aim of medicine was not to cure disease, but rather to give a medical diagnosis and achieve a satisfying prognosis of the patient's chances. Only several decades later did the focus of efforts in Western medicine shift to curing disease. See also
Diagnosis Nocebo Optimism bias Placebo (origins of technical term) Prediction Reference class forecasting Sign (medicine) Symptom
^ "What is the prognosis of a genetic condition?". Genetics Home Reference. NIH: U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 2016-07-28. ^ Gould, SJ, The Median Isn't the Message, retrieved 1 November 2014 ^ "Multiple Myeloma Prognosis". Multiple Myeloma Prognosis. ^ "The Internet Classics Archive - The Book of Prognostics by Hippocrates". classics.mit.edu. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
Computer models at prognosis.org
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Basic medical terms used to describe disease conditions
Medical sign Symptom Syndrome
Medical diagnosis Differential diagnosis Prognosis
Acute Chronic Cure/Remission
Disease Eponymous disease Acron