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Prijepolje
Prijepolje
(Serbian Cyrillic: Пријепоље, pronounced [prijěːpoʎe]) is a town and municipality located in the Zlatibor District
Zlatibor District
of southwestern Serbia. The town of Prijepolje has 13,330 inhabitants, while the municipality has 37,059 inhabitants. It is one of the most proximate cities to the Adriatic sea
Adriatic sea
in the Republic of Serbia, less than 150 miles from the sea.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 Ethnic groups

5 Administrative subdivisions 6 Economy 7 Culture and tourism 8 Education 9 Society

9.1 Sport 9.2 Media 9.3 Events 9.4 Night life 9.5 Activism and youth

10 Coat of arms 11 Gallery 12 Notable people 13 International relations

13.1 Twin towns — sister cities

14 See also 15 References 16 External links

Etymology[edit] One possible meaning of the name Prijepolje
Prijepolje
is "Prija's field", where Prija is the owner of polje, the "field" in English. However, a more likely theory is that the name originates from the location of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
and its relationship to the travels of caravans. When those caravans were passing through the area which would become Prijepolje, they would arrive at the settlement "before the fields", where the present day neighborhoods of Ivanje
Ivanje
and Velika Župa are located. "Prije" means "before", and "polje" means "field", hence, the location might be called Prijepolje.[3][citation needed] History[edit] Prijepolje
Prijepolje
was established as a settlement in 1234, the same year the Mileševa Monastery
Mileševa Monastery
was built. Prior to its establishment as a settlement, the area was occupied as far back as the stone age. First settled by Illyrians, who migrated to the area after being forced out of the northern plains, they retreated to the more defensible and less accessible mountainous regions. Later arrivals were the Celts, with whom the Illyrians
Illyrians
intermarried. With the arrival by the Romans, the Illyrians
Illyrians
were again forced to flee, and after the Romans, the Slavs settled in the area, intermixing with some of the earlier Illyrians. The Goths, Huns, Gepids, Langobards and Avars also passed through this area. The most interesting archaeological site in the territory is the Roman necropolis near the modern settlement of Kolovrat where pieces of ancient glass, silver, ceramics, and gold have been unearthed. Prijepolje
Prijepolje
was mentioned for the first time by Gijom Adam in 1332 while it was part of Dubrovnik's sphere of influence. According to historical sources, Prijepolje
Prijepolje
developed as a road settlement for caravans along the route known as "Dubrovnik's road", a road connecting the central and eastern Balkans
Balkans
with the middle Adriatic coast. The caravan route traversed both mountainous and heavily forested areas, which could prove dangerous to travelers. Local villagers were tasked with protecting local roads, due to the statute which said, "If, on the road, someone has been killed or has had a bullet stuck into his body, let the local guardians gather together to pay the damage. Hitting by one small drum, the passers by would know that there was no danger". On 26 October 1377, Tvrtko I was crowned as the king of the Serbs, Bosnia and the Seaside and the Western Lands, in the monastery of Mileševa. After the reference to Tvrtko's coronation in Mileševa, there was a cartographic reference to Prijepolje
Prijepolje
in "Regno della Servia detta altrimentri Rascia" by Giacomo Cantelli da Vignola, cartographer to the Duke of Modena, in 1689. During the Ottoman period, there were quite a few buildings constructed in Prijepolje. Most famous of these are Ibrahim Pasha's mosque and the Sahat Kula. Pasha's mosque is located in Šarampov, one of three regions in town (the other two being Vakuf and the Town Center), and was most likely built in the 16th century. It is adorned with a single minaret, and covered by a "cheramida" (a special covering of the houses in that time). The region has a very tumultuous past. It was part of First Serbian revolt in 1875, known as Banine's revolt, as well as seeing the Javorian War in 1876, the Raonić Revolt, the Balkan Wars
Balkan Wars
in 1912 and 1913, and both World Wars.[4] In 1912, during the First Balkan War, control of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
passed from the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
to the Kingdom of Montenegro. During World War II, Prijepolje
Prijepolje
officially became part of the Kingdom of Montenegro, a pro-Axis puppet state. Prijepolje
Prijepolje
was liberated on 4 December 1943, which is now celebrated as the Day of the Liberation of Prijepolje.[5]

The town of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
- center of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
municipality.

Panorama of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
and the Lim river in the winter.

Geography[edit] Prijepolje
Prijepolje
is located at the confluence of the fast-flowing Lim and Mileševka
Mileševka
rivers. It is also situated along the road from Belgrade
Belgrade
to the Adriatic
Adriatic
sea, as well as being a stop on the Belgrade – Bar railway. The Belgrade – Adriatic
Adriatic
road intersects here with the regional road between Pljevlja, Prijepolje
Prijepolje
and Sjenica. This regional road follows roughly the same route as the ancient Roman and Ottoman road known as the Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
road. Just north of Prijepolje, at Bistrica, there is a road leading towards Priboj, Višegrad
Višegrad
and Sarajevo. Prijepolje
Prijepolje
is surrounded by hills, such as Pušina, Srijeteži, Gradina and Sokolica, which, prior to the construction of the "Potpeć" hydro plant near Nova Varoš, created a unique climate around the municipality. Since the hydro plant's construction, Prijepolje's climate has been changed into one that is typical for this cold part of Serbia. The highest peak in the Prijepolje
Prijepolje
area is Katunić, which reaches 1,734 meters above sea level. Forests surround most of Prijepolje, however, along the Lim, there are numerous beaches. Two of the most popular beaches are under bridges, one at the centre of the town, under the bridge in Ivanje, and another under the bridge in Petrovac.[6] Climate[edit] Prijepolje
Prijepolje
has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb), that's very close to an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb).

Climate data for Prijepolje

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 3.8 (38.8) 6.7 (44.1) 11.8 (53.2) 15.6 (60.1) 20.5 (68.9) 24.0 (75.2) 26.6 (79.9) 26.9 (80.4) 23.3 (73.9) 17.6 (63.7) 10.0 (50) 5.3 (41.5) 16.01 (60.81)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.0 (32) 2.4 (36.3) 6.7 (44.1) 10.3 (50.5) 14.8 (58.6) 18.2 (64.8) 20.3 (68.5) 20.4 (68.7) 17.0 (62.6) 12.1 (53.8) 6.0 (42.8) 1.9 (35.4) 10.84 (51.51)

Average low °C (°F) −3.7 (25.3) −1.9 (28.6) 1.6 (34.9) 5.0 (41) 9.2 (48.6) 12.5 (54.5) 14.1 (57.4) 13.9 (57) 10.7 (51.3) 6.7 (44.1) 2.0 (35.6) −1.5 (29.3) 5.72 (42.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 89 (3.5) 81 (3.19) 79 (3.11) 88 (3.46) 96 (3.78) 87 (3.43) 73 (2.87) 69 (2.72) 85 (3.35) 97 (3.82) 115 (4.53) 106 (4.17) 1,065 (41.93)

Source: Climate-Data.org [7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1948 31,328 —    

1953 35,568 +2.57%

1961 38,925 +1.13%

1971 44,022 +1.24%

1981 46,902 +0.64%

1991 46,525 −0.08%

2002 41,188 −1.10%

2011 37,059 −1.17%

Source: [8]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the Municipality of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
has 37,059 inhabitants, and 64.0% of the municipality’s population is rural. Ethnic groups[edit] In 1991, the majority of the population of the municipality was composed of Serbs
Serbs
(54.78%) and Muslims (43.42%). By 2002, the population of the municipality had shifted to mostly Serbs
Serbs
(23,402) and Bosniaks
Bosniaks
(13,109), with Muslims now representing the third largest segment with 3,812. A reason for this is that a large portion of those who in 1991 declared themselves as Muslims, now declared themselves as Bosniaks. In 2011, the two largest groups were Serbs
Serbs
(52.6%) and Bosniaks (34.5%), followed by Muslims by nationality (9.6%), therefore in line with pre-1991 balances. Ethnic composition of the municipality:[9]

Ethnic group Population

Serbs 19,496

Bosniaks 12,792

Muslims 3,543

Yugoslavs 47

Others 1,181

Total 37,059

Administrative subdivisions[edit] The municipality of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
covers an area of 824 km2 (318 sq mi) with an altitude ranging from 440–1,735 metres (1,444–5,692 ft). Not including the town of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
itself, it contains 96 other settlements.[10] Those settlements are as follows, with population figures according to the 2002 census:

Aljinovići
Aljinovići
(196) Balići (434) Bare (56) Biskupići (22) Bjelahova
Bjelahova
(82) Brajkovac (87) Brodarevo
Brodarevo
(1780) Brvine
Brvine
(175) Bukovik (107) Čadinje
Čadinje
(267) Čauševići
Čauševići
(132) Crkveni Toci
Crkveni Toci
(78) Divci (335) Donje Babine
Donje Babine
(319) Donji Stranjani
Donji Stranjani
(120) Drenova (208) Đurašići
Đurašići
(265) Dušmanići
Dušmanići
(245) Džurovo
Džurovo
(179) Gojakovići (183) Gornje Babine
Gornje Babine
(262) Gornje Goračiće
Gornje Goračiće
(58) Gornji Stranjani
Gornji Stranjani
(85) Gostun (49) Gračanica (199) Grobnice
Grobnice
(254) Hisardžik
Hisardžik
(285) Hrta
Hrta
(130) Ivanje
Ivanje
(1140) Ivezići
Ivezići
(170) Izbičanj
Izbičanj
(46) Jabuka (502) Junčevići
Junčevići
(301) Kaćevo
Kaćevo
(55) Kamena Gora
Kamena Gora
(210) Karaula (63) Karoševina
Karoševina
(199) Kašice
Kašice
(88) Koprivna (49) Kosatica
Kosatica
(353) Koševine
Koševine
(1049) Kovačevac (1613) Kruševo (36) Kučin
Kučin
(169) Ljiljci (46) Lučice (169) Mataruge (164) Međani
Međani
(80) Mijani
Mijani
(25) Mijoska
Mijoska
(750) Milakovići (66) Mileševo (121) Miljevići (455) Milošev Do (126) Mrčkovina
Mrčkovina
(33) Muškovina
Muškovina
(34) Oraovac
Oraovac
(336) Orašac (204) Osoje (526) Oštra Stijena
Oštra Stijena
(123) Potkrš
Potkrš
(124) Potok (282) Pranjci
Pranjci
(360) Pravoševo
Pravoševo
(85) Rasno (410) Ratajska
Ratajska
(2088) Sedobro
Sedobro
(322) Seljane
Seljane
(168) Seljašnica
Seljašnica
(774) Skokuće
Skokuće
(105) Slatina (138) Sopotnica (136) Taševo
Taševo
(2061) Vinicka (474) Velika Zupa Vrbovo (99) Zabrdnji Toci
Zabrdnji Toci
(133) Zalug (1047) Zastup
Zastup
(128) Zavinograđe
Zavinograđe
(1272) Zvijezd
Zvijezd
(104)

Economy[edit] The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[11]

Activity Total

Agriculture, forestry and fishing 155

Mining 4

Processing industry 1,722

Distribution of power, gas and water 66

Distribution of water and water waste management 93

Construction 458

Wholesale and retail, repair 1,136

Traffic, storage and communication 639

Hotels and restaurants 294

Media and telecommunications 41

Finance and insurance 67

Property stock and charter 16

Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 190

Administrative and other services 159

Administration and social assurance 668

Education 554

Healthcare and social work 637

Art, leisure and recreation 102

Other services 133

Total 7,135

Culture and tourism[edit]

Mileševa
Mileševa
monastery

Prijepolje's sahat-kula (Clock tower)

Prijepolje
Prijepolje
has many historical monuments from both the periods of Christianity and Islam. The Mileševa monastery
Mileševa monastery
is located 6 km to the east of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
on the Mileševka
Mileševka
River. The monastery is famous for The White Angel fresco, a famous and widely used religious icon in Serbia
Serbia
as well as being the former resting place of St. Sava, Serbia's most honored patriarch. A famous monument from the Turkish period, the Sahat-Kula, is in town, as well as several mosques, one of which is in Hisardžik, interesting because of a four-hundred-year-old wooden Quran
Quran
which was recently unearthed. Jusovića's kula tower, built in the 18th century as a protective house tower for the wealthy. Currently in ruins, there are plans being made to reconstruct this building, adding another unique monument to Prijepolje. The Museum of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
is a very significant part of the cultural life of Prijepolje. It serves as a gathering place for artists from diverse locations to visit Prijepolje, and corroborate on large projects to improve the town's culture. In addition to the Museum, there is also another major cultural building in Prijepolje, where amateurs, led by Meša Šendelj, are very active in refreshing the cultural life in Prijepolje.[12] Education[edit] There are 2 kindergartens and one elementary school in town. Prijepolje
Prijepolje
also has a Gymnasium, a technical high school, an economics high school, and a higher technical school. Society[edit] Sport[edit] In Prijepolje
Prijepolje
there are many forms of recreation. There is the local football club "FK Polimlje", as well as "FK Jasen" from nearby Brodarevo
Brodarevo
(also in the municipality of Prijepolje). There are volleyball clubs like "FAP-Livnica" and "Putevi", a handball club "White angel", and a chess club "Priko". Many parks and playfields are in and around town. Traditionally every year during MOSI (an annual regional sporting event), both the male and female volleyball teams representing Prijepolje
Prijepolje
see great success. Ilija Andrejic, an alpinist from Prijepolje, together with the Serbian alpinist team, successfully climbed Mount Everest.

On 14 of July, Prijepolje
Prijepolje
was the host of the European coupe in rafting on the Lim River.[when?] On 22 of September, Vlade Divac, came to Prijepolje, with a group of NBA
NBA
basketball players, and opened the newly built museum building.[when?]

Besides basketball player Vlade Divac
Vlade Divac
and numerous volleyball man and woman players, other notable sportspeople from Prijepolje
Prijepolje
are footballers Spaso Perić, Muhamed Preljević, Latif Čičić, Mirsad Kahrović, Ljubomir Brašnjević, Husein Mekić, Mihajlo Pjanović, Ivica Dragutinović, while Dragoslav Divac, Siniša Nestorović, Stevo Ljujić and Vule Maksimović archived notability in athletics.[13] Media[edit] There is one weekly newspaper published in Prijepolje, Polimlje, and three radio stations. There is also one media civic station working from 2008 called Television Forum, operated by NGO Women forum of Prijepolje. There are two wireless internet operators, one TV cable operator, and two private TV and radio stations. Prijepolje
Prijepolje
got digital telephonic central since May 2003.

Flyer from REFRACT festival in Prijepolje

Events[edit]

"Sopotnički izvori", is held near the famous Sopotnica's waterfalls, where you can hear old national songs.[when?] A famous diving demonstration is held at Petrovac, consisting of highly ranked divers from the Balkan region.[when?] There is a famous art colony called Mileševa, consisting of many artists from this municipality. "Gifts from Lim", is a sports and entertainment event where you can see diverse activities such as beach volleyball, a fish-soup making contest, and Prijepolje's Best son-in-law contest.[when?]

Night life[edit] The night life in Prijepolje
Prijepolje
consists of cafes & night clubs. There is also a yearly regional festival called "Refract", highlighting many different cultural options. A new rock festival has recently begun in Prijepolje, gathering rock bands from the local region. In 2005, the city hosted a Glaswegian Band, Quinn. The following year, in December 2006, one of the superstars of Serbian hip hop, Marchelo, held a concert in Prijepolje. Activism and youth[edit] There are 29 registered non-governmental organisations in Prijepolje, the most active ones being Jump, Helium, New Vision, Scout's "Boško Buha", Friends of Brodarevo, Friends of Sopotnica and Friends of Kamena Gora. Prijepolje
Prijepolje
has the first civic television program in Serbia
Serbia
run by a women's organization, the Woman Forum. Prijepolje
Prijepolje
opened a Youth Club, under the auspices of National Strategy for Youth, and the Youth office of municipality Prijepolje was created in April 2008. The Youth Office's priority is to care for the rights and wills of the youth of the area, through constant youth work using the goals of local and national development organizations. Coat of arms[edit] The coat of arms of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
depicts the mountain Zlatar (zlat from the word zlato which means gold in Serbian), the golden "pyramid of Zlatar", the sign of Saint Sava
Saint Sava
and two crowns which symbolize the two coronations which took place in Prijepolje. The more famous coronation was that of the King of Bosnia and the Serbs, Tvrtko I. Also on the coat of arms are two white angels from a fresco located in the monastery of Mileševa. The angels are holding the flags of Serbia, and Prijepolje. The curved line represents the Lim River. Gallery[edit]

Prijepolje
Prijepolje
in winter

The river Lim

Footballers of FK Polimlje
FK Polimlje
celebrating a goal.

Mileševac fortrerss

Lim flowing through Prijepolje
Prijepolje
in the winter.

Mileševka
Mileševka
river in Prijepolje.

Confluence of Mileševka
Mileševka
river in the Lim.

Notable people[edit]

Savatije Sokolović, Serbian Patriarch Svetomir Borisavljevic, member of parliament of Yugoslavia before Word War II, lawyer Sreten Vukosavljević, minister in 1944. first Yugoslav government, sociologist, journalist, political active for decentralization of Sanjak region as unified region Valter Perić, World War II
World War II
Partisan Zvonimir Červenko, Croatian General Sefer Halilović, Bosnian Army general and politician Dženan Lončarević , pop singer Aco Pejović, pop-folk singer Vlade Divac, former NBA
NBA
player, two-time Olympic silver medalist, World and European champion Ivica Dragutinović, footballer Mihajlo Pjanović, footballer Muhamed Preljević,footballer Nemanja Petrić, volleyball player

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Serbia Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Prijepolje
Prijepolje
is twinned with:

Köniz Eyüp Aranđelovac

See also[edit]

Bosniaks
Bosniaks
of Serbia Lim River Zlatibor District List of places in Serbia Sandžak

References[edit]

^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.  ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.  ^ Milinko Femić, Prijepoljski kraj u prostoru i vremenu ^ Milinko Femić: "Prijepoljski kraj u prostoru i vremenu" ^ Milinko Femić, Prijepoljski kraj u prostoru i vremenu ^ Milinko Femić, Prijepoljski kraj u prostoru i vremenu ^ "Climate: Prijepolje, Serbia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 16 February 2018.  ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.  ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2018.  ^ Milinko Femić, Prijepoljski kraj u prostoru i vremenu ^ Monografija FK Polimlje
FK Polimlje
1920-2010, Siniša Nestorović, page 12 (in Serbian)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prijepolje.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Prijepolje.

[sr/en] Municipality of Prijepolje [sr] First web-page about Prjepolje [sr] DRUID production films about Ptichje polje , touristic potential near Prijepolje [sr/en] Prijepolje's central library [sr/en] Tourist Organisation of Prijepolje [sr]"Polimlje",newspaper in Prijepolje [sr] Chronicles of Prijepolje
Prijepolje
and extra photos [sr] The youngest web-page about Prijepolje
Prijepolje
and its municipality [sr] Prijepolje
Prijepolje
Online - Internet Portal
Portal
Grada Prijepolja [de] Partnership with the city of Köniz[permanent dead link] [en] The impressions of visiting band about the city [sr]Internet presentation of Brodarevo [sr]https://web.archive.org/web/20100109092959/http://www.brodarevo.info/

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1  Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nati

.