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Ponders End
Ponders End
is a mid-sized commercial and large residential district of the London Borough of Enfield, north London adjoining to its east the Lee Navigation
Lee Navigation
in the mid-Lea Valley. It has a central high street, the Hertford Road
Hertford Road
and is formed from parts of the north of Edmonton and the south of Enfield. Wright's Flour Mill
Wright's Flour Mill
here is the oldest working industrial building in the London Borough of Enfield.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Etymology 3 History 4 Popular culture 5 Historic buildings 6 Nearest places 7 Watercourses 8 Sport 9 Nearest railway stations 10 Demography 11 Notable people 12 Local newspapers 13 Politics 14 Schools 15 Higher education 16 Places of worship 17 Open spaces 18 External links 19 References

Geography[edit] Elevations range from 21 metres (69 ft) to 13 metres (43 ft) above sea level, uniformly dropping from west to east. Two north-south railway lines enclose the residential parts of the area, bounded east and west by estates of warehousing, industrial and commercial use, one of which, Meridian Water area has the much under-utilised Angel Road railway station and is the subject of major reconstruction including 5000 homes and 3000 new jobs and a wide range of community facilities.[1] The railways are:

Lea Valley Lines serving all stations to Hertford East via the Southbury Loop. West Anglia Main Line
West Anglia Main Line
stopping services to Bishops Stortford

Its northern and southern limits are along Hertford Road
Hertford Road
at The Ride and The Boundary pubs (north to south). Its loosely defined east and west limits coalesce around Wharf Road in the east and the Southbury station or Kingsway in the west.[2] Etymology[edit] Ponders End
Ponders End
is marked on the Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
map of 1822. It was recorded in 1593 as Ponders ende meaning the "end or quarter of the parish associated with the Ponder family" from the Middle English ende. John Ponder is mentioned in a document of 1373; the surname is believed to mean a "keeper of, or dweller by, a fish-pond or mill-pond".[3] History[edit] See also: London Borough of Enfield
London Borough of Enfield
§ History; and Edmonton, London § History All but a southern belt of the district was in Enfield, as the south lay in Edmonton, the parishes becoming a civil and ecclesiastical after a split of functions in the 1860s, which saw the final secularisation of government, the disestablishment of the vestries following the increase in Poor Law Unions
Poor Law Unions
in the hundred years before.[4] Through the 19th century the area became industrialised, due to its straight road and waterway network up and down the Lea Valley including the 17th century River Lee Navigation.[4] The first major firm to arrive was Grout, Baylis & Co, who were established in Norwich
Norwich
in 1807 as crape manufacturers, the material being used for widows' weeds. They opened a dyeing and finishing plant in Ponders End two years later. Crape
Crape
went out of fashion by late Victorian times, and the factory closed in 1894. The buildings were taken over by the United Flexible Tubing Company. In 1866 the London Jute
Jute
Works Company established a factory on the Navigation in a desolate area known locally as Spike Island. Many of the new employees came from Dundee, the traditional centre of the jute industry in Scotland. The jute works closed in 1882, to be replaced by the Ediswan
Ediswan
factory. Over the years the factory was enlarged, eventually covering 11.50 acres (4.65 ha), and employing many people, notably girls, from the area. Ediswan
Ediswan
produced electric lamps, and the factory was colloquially known as The Lamp. They also manufactured appliances for the shipping and aviation industries, mechanical pianos and butter makers. To the south of Ponder's End Lock
Ponder's End Lock
a factory making white lead was built in 1893. Further south of that factory, the Cortecine works produced floor-cloth and carpet backing. By 1906 over 2000 people were employed in local factories. Another major industry in the latter years of the 19th century was horticulture. Tomatoes and cucumbers were the principal produce but flowers and fruit were also grown in the many orchards and greenhouses to the north of the locality.[5] During World War I, a huge munitions factory, the Ponders End
Ponders End
Shell Works was built in Wharf Road. The factory building was sold after the war. Further factories were built in the 1930s alongside the newly built Great Cambridge Road.[6] Today (2009) little remains of manufacturing and much of the area has given way to warehousing and residential developments. Aesica pharmaceutical manufacturers (formerly Thomas Morson Ltd)[7] closed its plant in 2011.[8] Wright's Flour Mill, the oldest working industrial building in the borough remains, some of its buildings having been constructed in the 18th century.[6] On 7 August 2011 Ponders End
Ponders End
was the scene of copy-cat riots which spread from Tottenham
Tottenham
to neighbouring districts.[9] Popular culture[edit] Musician Jah Wobble
Jah Wobble
was inspired to write his (2005) album Mu by his experiences in the Lea Valley and Ponders End.[10][11]

“ It's as close as London gets to New Jersey. But it's one of my favourite places for walking, through the Lee Valley. It gets beautiful in that urban way, but then you go through soap factories up near Ponders End. It's got a wonderful, dislocated, alienated feeling ”

— Jah Wobble

Ponders End
Ponders End
Allotments Club is a track from the (1975) Chas and Dave album One Fing 'n' Annuver.[12] Historic buildings[edit]

Wright's Flour Mill
Wright's Flour Mill
and the mill stream

Wright's Flour Mill
Wright's Flour Mill
The oldest working industrial building in Enfield.[13] Ponders End
Ponders End
Pumping Station. Built in 1899 by the East London Waterworks Company.[14] In 1995 the half-timbered building was converted into a public house called the Navigation a Harvester restaurant. Located on the west bank of the Lee Navigation, with views towards the grassed embankment of the King George V Reservoir
King George V Reservoir
and close to Ponder's End Lock.[15]

Nearest places[edit]

Brimsdown Enfield Highway Edmonton, London Enfield Town Bush Hill Park Chingford

Watercourses[edit]

South Marsh, Overflow Channel and the grassed embankment of the King George V Reservoir

River Lee Navigation The Overflow Channel is approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) long. Flowing from the River Lee Navigation
Lee Navigation
above Ponders End
Ponders End
Lock across South Marsh close to the King George V Reservoir
King George V Reservoir
and following the western perimeter of the William Girling Reservoir
William Girling Reservoir
to merge with the River Lee Diversion
River Lee Diversion
at Edmonton.

Sport[edit]

Angling
Angling
is allowed on the River Lee Navigation
Lee Navigation
upstream and downstream of Ponders End
Ponders End
Lock. Information from the River Lea Anglers Club.[16]

Nearest railway stations[edit]

Angel Road railway station Brimsdown
Brimsdown
railway station Edmonton Green railway station Ponders End
Ponders End
railway station Southbury railway station

Demography[edit] The 2011 census showed that 45% of the population was white (26% British, 17% Other, 2% Irish), 16% Black African and 8% Bangladeshi.[17] Notable people[edit]

James and John Chambers pioneers in South Australia in Stuart expeditions. John Hollowbread, footballer Christopher Hughes, former Mastermind and International Mastermind winner both in 1983. Stephen Mangan,actor. Dave Peacock, musician. Norman Tebbit, politician Chijindu Ujah, Olympic sprinter

Local newspapers[edit] The local newspapers are as of 2011:

Enfield Independent[18] Enfield Advertiser[19]

Politics[edit] After boundary changes in 2010 - Ponders End
Ponders End
became one of seven wards which form the Edmonton parliamentary constituency.[20] The MP for constituency is Andy Love, Labour Co-op who polled 21,665 votes (53.7%) at the General Election held on 6 May 2010.[21] Schools[edit]

Secondary schools: Oasis Academy Hadley
Oasis Academy Hadley
and Heron Hall Academy Primary Schools: Kingfisher Hall Primary Academy, St Mary's RC Primary School, Alma Primary School, Southbury Primary School, St Matthew's CoE Primary School, Special
Special
schools: Waverley School

Higher education[edit]

Middlesex University, Enfield Campus (now closed) The College of Haringey, Enfield and North East London

Places of worship[edit]

Church of St Matthew, Church of England[22] Church of Mary, Mother of God, Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
church[23] Jalalia Jamme Mosque[24] Lincoln Road Chapel, Lincoln Road.[25] Ponders End
Ponders End
Methodist Church, High Street.[26] United Reformed Church, College Close, High Street.[27]

Open spaces[edit]

Ponders End
Ponders End
Park, formerly Ponders End
Ponders End
Recreation Ground and Ryan's Park.[28]

External links[edit]

Ponders End
Ponders End
photographs Wrights flour mill Ponders End
Ponders End
a history Ponders End
Ponders End
flour mill conservation area

References[edit]

^ Meridian Water Retrieved 23 February 2015 ^ Local Government Map of Ponders End
Ponders End
Boundaries[permanent dead link] Retrieved 28 February 2008 ^ Mills, A, D, Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names (2004) p180 ISBN 0-19-860957-4 Retrieved 17 October 2008 ^ a b Map of the Edmonton Hundred of Middlesex Victoria County History of Middlesex, Volume 5, A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff and G C Tyack (1976). Retrieved 2015-02-20 ^ Godfrey A (notes to) Old Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
Maps: Ponders End
Ponders End
1895 Alan Godfrey Maps, ISBN 1-84151-043-2 Retrieved 7 September 2009 ^ a b Ponders End
Ponders End
history Archived 18 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 19 February 2011 ^ Thomas Morson Retrieved 8 September 2009 ^ Plant closure Retrieved 18 April 2011 ^ News report 8 August 2011 ^ Hatts, Leigh The Lea Valley Walk p99 ISBN 1-85284-522-8 Retrieved 14 March 2008 ^ Lea valley walk Retrieved 15 May 2008 ^ Chas and Dave
Chas and Dave
Archived 24 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 14 May 2008 ^ History of Enfield Archived 3 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 22 November 2007 ^ Buildings of England
England
London 4:North by Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus Pevsner pg 451 ISBN 0-14-071049-3 ^ "Harvester: The Navigation". Harvester.co.uk. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ River Lea Anglers Club Retrieved 2 December 2014 ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/ponders-end-e05000206 ^ "News, sport and local information for Enfield and surrounding areas". Enfieldindependent.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-06-30.  ^ "The Enfield Advertiser". Mediauk.com. Retrieved 2011-06-30.  ^ Electoral boundaries Archived 14 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 15 April 2011 ^ Andy Love
Andy Love
MP Retrieved 28 August 2010 ^ St Matthew's Ponders End
Ponders End
Retrieved 25 May 2011 ^ Mary Mother of God RC church Retrieved 15 December 2010 ^ Ponders End
Ponders End
mosque Retrieved 27 June 2009 ^ Lincoln Road chapel Retrieved 9 January 2013 ^ Ponders End
Ponders End
Methodist church Retrieved 9 January 2013 ^ Ponders End
Ponders End
United Reformed church Retrieved 9 January 2013 ^ London Borough of Enfield
London Borough of Enfield
parks Retrieved 23 July 2014

v t e

London Borough of Enfield

Districts

Arnos Grove Botany Bay Bowes Park Brimsdown Bulls Cross Bullsmoor Bush Hill Park Chase Side Clay Hill Cockfosters Crews Hill Edmonton Enfield Chase Enfield Highway Enfield Island Village Enfield Lock Enfield Town Enfield Wash Forty Hill Freezywater Gordon Hill Grange Park Hadley Wood New Southgate Oakwood Palmers Green Picketts Lock Ponders End Southgate Upper Edmonton Winchmore Hill World's End

Attractions

Forty Hall
Forty Hall
and Gardens Millfield Theatre
Millfield Theatre
and Arts Centre Capel Manor Myddelton House Gardens Chickenshed Museum of Domestic Design and Architecture Whitewebbs Museum of Transport Royal Small Arms Factory
Royal Small Arms Factory
Interpretation Centre

Parks and open spaces

Arnos Park Broomfield Park Durants Park Grovelands Park Oakwood Park Pymmes Park Trent Country Park Whitewebbs Park

Constituencies

Edmonton Enfield North Enfield Southgate

Tube and rail stations

Angel Road Arnos Grove Brimsdown Bush Hill Park Cockfosters Crews Hill Edmonton Green Enfield Chase Enfield Lock Enfield Town Gordon Hill Grange Park Hadley Wood Oakwood Palmers Green Ponders End Silver Street Southbury Southgate Turkey Street Winchmore Hill

Other topics

Coat of arms Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Public

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