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PONDERS END is a mid-sized commercial and large residential district of the London Borough of Enfield , north London adjoining to its east the Lee Navigation
Lee Navigation
in the mid- Lea Valley . It has a central high street , the Hertford Road and is formed from parts of the north of Edmonton and the south of Enfield .

Wright\'s Flour Mill here is the oldest working industrial building in the London Borough of Enfield .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Etymology * 3 History * 4 Popular culture * 5 Historic buildings * 6 Nearest places * 7 Watercourses * 8 Sport * 9 Nearest railway stations * 10 Demography * 11 Notable people * 12 Local newspapers * 13 Politics * 14 Schools * 15 Higher education * 16 Places of worship * 17 Open spaces * 18 External links * 19 References

GEOGRAPHY

Elevations range from 21 metres (69 ft) to 13 metres (43 ft) above sea level, uniformly dropping from west to east. Two north-south railway lines enclose the residential parts of the area, bounded east and west by estates of warehousing, industrial and commercial use, one of which, Meridian Water area has the much under-utilised Angel Road railway station and is the subject of major reconstruction including 5000 homes and 3000 new jobs and a wide range of community facilities. The railways are:

* Lea Valley Lines serving all stations to Hertford East via the Southbury Loop . * West Anglia Main Line stopping services to Bishops Stortford

Its northern and southern limits are along Hertford Road at The Ride and The Boundary pubs (north to south). Its loosely defined east and west limits coalesce around Wharf Road in the east and the Southbury station or Kingsway in the west.

ETYMOLOGY

Ponders End
Ponders End
is marked on the Ordnance Survey map of 1822. It was recorded in 1593 as Ponders ende meaning the "end or quarter of the parish associated with the Ponder family" from the Middle English ende. John Ponder is mentioned in a document of 1373; the surname is believed to mean a "keeper of, or dweller by, a fish-pond or mill-pond".

HISTORY

See also: London Borough of Enfield § History ; and Edmonton, London § History

All but a southern belt of the district was in Enfield , as the south lay in Edmonton, the parishes becoming a civil and ecclesiastical after a split of functions in the 1860s, which saw the final secularisation of government, the disestablishment of the vestries following the increase in Poor Law Unions
Poor Law Unions
in the hundred years before.

Through the 19th century the area became industrialised, due to its straight road and waterway network up and down the Lea Valley including the 17th century River Lee Navigation
Lee Navigation
. The first major firm to arrive was Grout, Baylis "> Wright's Flour Mill and the mill stream

* Wright\'s Flour Mill The oldest working industrial building in Enfield. * PONDERS END PUMPING STATION. Built in 1899 by the East London Waterworks Company . In 1995 the half-timbered building was converted into a public house called the Navigation a Harvester restaurant. Located on the west bank of the Lee Navigation, with views towards the grassed embankment of the King George V Reservoir
King George V Reservoir
and close to Ponder\'s End Lock .

NEAREST PLACES

* Brimsdown * Enfield Highway * Edmonton, London
Edmonton, London
* Enfield Town * Bush Hill Park * Chingford

WATERCOURSES

South Marsh, Overflow Channel and the grassed embankment of the King George V Reservoir
King George V Reservoir

* River Lee Navigation
Lee Navigation
* THE OVERFLOW CHANNEL is approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) long. Flowing from the River Lee Navigation
Lee Navigation
above Ponders End
Ponders End
Lock across South Marsh close to the King George V Reservoir
King George V Reservoir
and following the western perimeter of the William Girling Reservoir
William Girling Reservoir
to merge with the River Lee Diversion at Edmonton .

SPORT

* Angling is allowed on the River Lee Navigation
Lee Navigation
upstream and downstream of Ponders End
Ponders End
Lock. Information from the River Lea Anglers Club.

NEAREST RAILWAY STATIONS

* Angel Road railway station * Brimsdown railway station * Edmonton Green railway station
Edmonton Green railway station
* Ponders End railway station * Southbury railway station

DEMOGRAPHY

The 2011 census showed that 45% of the population was white (26% British, 17% Other, 2% Irish), 16% Black African and 8% Bangladeshi.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* James and John Chambers pioneers in South Australia in Stuart expeditions . * John Hollowbread , footballer * Christopher Hughes , former Mastermind and International Mastermind winner both in 1983. * Stephen Mangan ,actor. * Dave Peacock , musician. * Norman Tebbit , politician * Chijindu Ujah
Chijindu Ujah
, Olympic sprinter

LOCAL NEWSPAPERS

The local newspapers are as of 2011:

* Enfield Independent * Enfield Advertiser

POLITICS

After boundary changes in 2010 - Ponders End
Ponders End
became one of seven wards which form the Edmonton parliamentary constituency . The MP for constituency is Andy Love
Andy Love
, Labour Co-op who polled 21,665 votes (53.7%) at the General Election held on 6 May 2010.

SCHOOLS

* Secondary schools : Oasis Academy Hadleyand Heron Hall Academy * Primary Schools : Kingfisher Hall Primary Academy, St Mary's RC Primary School, Alma Primary School, Southbury Primary School, St Matthew's CoE Primary School, * Special
Special
schools : Waverley School

HIGHER EDUCATION

* Middlesex University , Enfield Campus (now closed) * The College of Haringey, Enfield and North East London

PLACES OF WORSHIP

* Church of St Matthew, Church of England
England
* Church of Mary, Mother of God, Roman Catholic church * Jalalia Jamme Mosque
Mosque
* Lincoln Road Chapel, Lincoln Road. * Ponders End
Ponders End
Methodist Church, High Street. * United Reformed Church, College Close, High Street.

OPEN SPACES

* Ponders End
Ponders End
Park, formerly Ponders End
Ponders End
Recreation Ground and Ryan's Park.