Piteå is a locality and the seat of
Piteå Municipality in Norrbotten
County, Sweden. The town has 22,913 inhabitants, out of a municipal
total of 41,000 in 2008.
7 People from Piteå
8 International relations
8.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
10 External links
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Piteå is located at the mouth of the
Pite River (Swedish:
Piteälven), at the shore of the Bay of Bothnia. The central part is
located on an islet called Häggholmen, which due to post-glacial
rebound almost has become a part of the mainland; the land in northern
Sweden rises at a rate of up to 9 mm (0.35 in) per year.
Piteå has an attractive archipelago, which is one of the reasons it
is a popular place for tourism both in summer and winter. It features
a beach resort area that is often labelled "The Riviera of Norrland"
(or Sweden), around which there is a spa, a long sandy beach, a
restaurant and a golf course. The area is also suitable for fishing
and outdoor activities. In the winter, snow activities such as skiing
and winter bathing are common.
Piteå has a climate that is classified as subarctic climate (Köppen
climate classification Dfc), bordering to a Humid continental climate
(Köppen climate classification Dfb).
The warmest months in
Piteå are June, July, and August, with high
temperatures of 17 to 30 °C (63 to 86 °F). The coldest are
December, January, and February, with low temperatures of −22 to
−10 °C (−8 to 14 °F).
Climate data for Piteå; temperatures 2002-2016; extremes since 1901;
precipitation & sunshine 1961-1990
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Percent possible sunshine
Source #1: http://www.pitea.climatemps.com
Source #2: http://www.smhi.se/klimatdata/meteorologi/temperatur/2.1240
The new town of Piteå, engraving made sometime between 1690-1710
Piteå received its city privileges on May 12, 1621. The town was
originally situated slightly north of its current location, in
present-day Öjebyn. In July, 1666, the entire town burnt down, and
over the following few years it was rebuilt on Häggholmen, a small
island which forms the nucleus of present-day Piteå. In 1721, the new
town was burnt down by Russian troops during the Russian Pillage of
1719-1721, and the only building that remained was the church, which
is still standing.
The town square, where the town hall is located, has kept its
structure from the 17th century. It is one of only two squares in
Sweden with closed corners; the other one is in Uppsala.
Piteå's population has increased rapidly since the 19th century. In
the years 1870-1920,
Piteå had a population of only 2,500 people.
Part of the early population increase is attributed to the 1911
opening of the Älvsbyn-
Piteå railway branch, as well as industrial
establishments and the harbour.
Piteå has traditionally had a strong forestry industry; papermills,
sawmills, and its harbour are of some importance.
Piteå is known for its pitepalt, a food dish consisting of potato
dumplings with chopped pork filling. The area is also known for its
dialect, called Pitemål, which however is mainly spoken by elders in
Piteå has a fast food drive-thru commonly used by snowmobilers. The
restaurant was a
McDonald's from February 2002 to November 2007.
McDonald's restaurants in
Norrbotten closed at the time, in
the face of competition from Max Hamburgers. The restaurant was
later scheduled to become part of the Frasses hamburger chain. The
drive-thru has received international coverage, including on The
Travel Channel in an episode called "Most Unique McDonald's".
Pitea has a sister city in the Caribbean: Gustavia, capital of Saint
Barthélemy, the formerly Swedish possession that is now part of
Piteå has emerged as an important center of cleantech production and
research based on cellulose byproducts.
Chemrec operates a black
liquor gasifier and the world's first
BioDME production facility,
SunPine has pioneered a renewable diesel process technology using
crude tall oil as feedstock, and ETC (Energy Technology Centre in
Piteå) is a research and development center for renewable fuels with
focus on combustion, gasification and biorefining processes.
Lina Andersson (left) and
Emelie Öhrstig celebrate in Piteå
following the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2005.
Piteå IF football team is playing in the fourth highest Swedish
division, Division 2 for men; and the
Piteå IF ladies team is for
their first time playing in the highest league in football,
Ice hockey is the big sport in town, even though
Piteå HC only plays
in the third-highest league (Division I) in Sweden. The club has
provided many good players to the
NHL and national team: examples are
Tomas Holmström, Mikael Renberg, Mattias Öhlund, Lars Lindgren,
Stefan Persson, Jan Sandström and Mats Lavander. Munksund-Skuthamns
SK ladies team is, for their first time, playing in the highest league
in Hockey, Riksserien. Rebecka Stenberg became the first woman from
town playing for Swedish national team.
In cross-country skiing the town has a successful club called Piteå
Elit, with skiers like Lina Andersson,
Magdalena Pajala and Charlotte
Other sports clubs located in
Piteå include Storfors AIK,
the northern paintball team 'Team X-rated'.
People from Piteå
Christopher Jacob Boström
Tomas Holmström —
NHL player with the Detroit Red Wings
Lars Lindgren — retired former
Peter Mattei, Swedish baritone opera singer
Mattias Öhlund —
NHL player with the Tampa Bay Lightning
Stefan Persson — but born in Umeå
Mikael Renberg — retired former
Anna Magnusson — Swedish biathlete
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Sweden
Twin towns — Sister cities
Piteå is twinned with:
Saint Barthélemy, France
^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005
och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived
from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
^ a b "Want snow with that?". American Snowmobiler. Waukesha,
Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Co. 2008-01-14. Retrieved
^ Ulrika Vallgårda Kristina Edblom (2007-11-23). "Max vinnare i det
Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved
^ "Most Unique
McDonald's In The World". McChrinicles. 2008-01-08.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Piteå.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Piteå.
Official website of Piteå
Piteå in the 1915 Nordisk familjebok, with images on
Norrbotten County, Sweden
Municipalities and seats of