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Phillip Harvey Spector (born Harvey Phillip Spector, December 26, 1939)[nb 1] is an American record producer, musician, and songwriter who developed the Wall of Sound, a music production formula he described as a "Wagnerian" approach to rock and roll. Spector is considered the first auteur among musical artists for the unprecedented freedom and control he had over every phase of the recording process. Additionally, he helped engender the idea of the studio as its own distinct instrument.[3] For these contributions, he is acknowledged as one of the most influential figures in pop music history.[4] Later in his life, Spector became notorious for the 2003 murder of the actress Lana Clarkson, of which he was convicted in the second degree.[5] Spector began his career in 1958 as the co-founder of the Teddy Bears, performing on guitar and vocals, and penning their U.S. number-one single "To Know Him Is to Love Him". Sometimes depicted as the "First Tycoon of Teen",[6] he wrote, co-wrote, or produced for girl groups such as the Ronettes
Ronettes
and the Crystals, and later, John Lennon
John Lennon
and George Harrison
George Harrison
of the Beatles. He often employed what would become "the Wrecking Crew" as his de facto house band while collaborating with arranger Jack Nitzsche
Jack Nitzsche
and engineer Larry Levine. Spector's other chart-topping singles include "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" (Righteous Brothers, 1964), "The Long and Winding Road" (Beatles, 1970), and "My Sweet Lord" (Harrison, 1970). His honors include the 1973 Grammy Award for Album of the Year
Grammy Award for Album of the Year
for co-producing Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh (1971), a 1989 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and a 1997 induction into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[7] In 2004, Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine ranked Spector number 63 on their list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time",[8][9] and for their 2003 list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time", included his productions of Presenting the Fabulous Ronettes
Ronettes
(1964),[10] A Christmas
Christmas
Gift for You (1963),[11] and Back to Mono (1991).[12] According to BMI, "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" (co-written and produced by Spector) is the song that received the most US airplay in the 20th century.[13] By the mid 1970s, Spector had produced eighteen US Top 10 singles for various artists, but following sporadic work with Leonard Cohen, Dion DiMucci, and the Ramones, he remained largely inactive. From 2007 to 2009, he was the subject of a trial and retrial for murder. He is serving a prison sentence of 19 years to life and will be 88 years old before becoming eligible for parole.[14]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Childhood 1.2 1954–1959: Teenage performer and lyricist 1.3 1959–1969: Early success as a record producer 1.4 1969–1977: Comeback and near-fatal accident 1.5 1977–1980: Death of a Ladies' Man and End of the Century 1.6 1981–present

1.6.1 Murder conviction

2 Musicianship 3 Legacy and influence

3.1 In popular culture 3.2 Accolades

4 Personal life

4.1 Health and illness

5 Discography 6 References 7 Notes 8 Bibliography 9 Further reading 10 External links

Biography[edit] Childhood[edit] Harvey Phillip Spector was born on December 26, 1939[15][16][17][18] to a first-generation immigrant Jewish family in the Bronx, New York City.[19][20][21] His father, Ben, was an ironworker from Russia (now Ukraine) with the surname Spekter, which he later anglicized to Spector.[22] Spector's father committed suicide on April 20, 1949.[23] In 1953, his mother moved the family to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
where she found work as a seamstress.[citation needed] 1954–1959: Teenage performer and lyricist[edit] Having learned to play guitar, Spector performed "Rock Island Line" in a talent show at Fairfax High School, where he was a student.[24] While at Fairfax, he joined a loose-knit community of aspiring musicians, including Lou Adler, Bruce Johnston, Steve Douglas, and Sandy Nelson, the last of whom played drums on Spector's first record release, "To Know Him Is to Love Him".[25] With three friends from high school, Marshall Leib, Sandy Nelson, and Annette Kleinbard, Spector formed a group, the Teddy Bears. During this period, record producer Stan Ross — co-owner of Gold Star Studios in Hollywood
Hollywood
— began to tutor Spector in record production and exerted a major influence on Spector's production style. In 1958, the Teddy Bears recorded the Spector-penned "Don't You Worry My Little Pet", which helped them secure a deal with Era Records.[citation needed] At their next session, they recorded another song Spector had written—this one inspired by the epitaph on Spector's father's tombstone. Released on Era's subsidiary label, Dore Records, "To Know Him Is to Love Him" reached number one on Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
singles chart on December 1, 1958,[26] selling over a million copies by year's end. It was the seventh number-one single on the newly formed chart. Following the success of their debut, the group signed with Imperial Records. Their next single, "I Don't Need You Anymore", reached number 91. They released several more recordings, including an album, The Teddy Bears Sing!, but failed to reach the top 100 in US sales. The group disbanded in 1959.[26] 1959–1969: Early success as a record producer[edit] After the split, Spector's career quickly moved from performing and songwriting to production. While recording the Teddy Bears's album, he had met Lester Sill, a former promotion man who was a mentor to Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. His next project, the Spectors Three, was undertaken under the aegis of Sill and his partner, Lee Hazlewood. In 1960, Sill arranged for Spector to work as an apprentice to Leiber and Stoller in New York. Ronnie Crawford would become Spector’s first true recording artist and project as producer. Spector quickly learned how to use a studio. He co-wrote the Ben E. King
Ben E. King
Top 10 hit "Spanish Harlem" with Jerry Leiber and also worked as a session musician, most notably playing the guitar solo on the Drifters' song "On Broadway". His own productions during this time, while less conspicuous, included releases by LaVern Baker, Ruth Brown, and Billy Storm, as well as the Top Notes' original version of "Twist and Shout".[27] Leiber and Stoller recommended Spector to produce Ray Peterson's "Corrina, Corrina", which reached number 9 in January 1961. Later, he produced another major hit for Curtis Lee, "Pretty Little Angel Eyes", which made it to number 7. Returning to Hollywood, Spector agreed to produce one of Lester Sill's acts. After both Liberty Records and Capitol Records
Capitol Records
turned down the master of "Be My Boy" by the Paris Sisters, Sill formed a new label, Gregmark Records, with Lee Hazlewood, and released it. It reached only number 56, but the follow-up, "I Love How You Love Me", was a hit, reaching number 5.[citation needed] In late 1961, Spector formed a new record company with Lester Sill, who by this time had ended his business partnership with Hazlewood. Philles Records combined the names of its two founders. Through Hill and Range Publishers, Spector found three groups he wanted to produce: the Ducanes, the Creations, and the Crystals. The first two signed with other companies, but Spector managed to secure the Crystals for his new label. Their first single, "There's No Other (Like My Baby)" was a success, hitting number 20. Their next release, "Uptown", made it to number 13. Spector continued to work freelance with other artists. In 1962, he produced "Second Hand Love" by Connie Francis, which reached #7. In the early 1960s, he briefly worked with Atlantic Records' R&B artists Ruth Brown
Ruth Brown
and LaVern Baker. Ahmet Ertegün
Ahmet Ertegün
of Atlantic paired Spector with future Broadway star Jean DuShon for " Talk
Talk
to Me", the B-side of which was "Tired of Trying", written by DuShon.[citation needed] Spector briefly took a job as head of A&R for Liberty Records. It was while working at Liberty that he heard a song written by Gene Pitney, for whom he had produced a number 41 hit, "Every Breath I Take", a year earlier. "He's a Rebel" was due to be released on Liberty by Vikki Carr, but Spector rushed into Gold Star Studios and recorded a cover version using Darlene Love
Darlene Love
and the Blossoms on lead vocals. The record was released on Philles, attributed to the Crystals, and quickly rose to the top of the charts.

"Be My Baby" single (1963)

In August 1963, Spector produced and was given writing credit for "Be My Baby". The single was acknowledged by some as the greatest pop record ever made.[28]

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By the time "He's a Rebel" went to number 1, Lester Sill was out of the company, and Spector had Philles all to himself. He created a new act, Bob B. Soxx & the Blue Jeans, featuring Darlene Love, Fanita James (a member of the Blossoms), and Bobby Sheen, a singer he had worked with at Liberty. The group had hits with "Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah" (number 8), "Why Do Lovers Break Each Other's Heart" (number 38), and "Not Too Young to Get Married" (number 63). Spector also released solo material by Darlene Love
Darlene Love
in 1963. In the same year, he released "Be My Baby" by the Ronettes, which went to number 2.[citation needed] The first time Spector put the same amount of effort into an LP as he did into 45s was when he utilized the full Philles roster and the Wrecking Crew to make what he felt would become a hit for the 1963 Christmas
Christmas
season. A Christmas
Christmas
Gift for You from Philles Records arrived in stores on November 22, 1963—the day of the assassination of President Kennedy.[citation needed] On September 28, 1963, the Ronettes
Ronettes
appeared at the Cow Palace, near San Francisco. Also on the bill were the Righteous Brothers. Spector, who was conducting the band for all the acts, was so impressed with Bill Medley
Bill Medley
and Bobby Hatfield
Bobby Hatfield
that he bought their contract from Moonglow Records and signed them to Philles. In early 1965, "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" became the label's second number 1 single. Three more major hits with the duo followed: "Just Once in My Life" (number 9), "Unchained Melody" (number 4, originally the B-side of "Hung on You") and "Ebb Tide" (number 5). Despite having hits, he lost interest in producing the Righteous Brothers and sold their contract and all their master recordings to Verve Records. However, the sound of the Righteous Brothers' singles was so distinctive that the act chose to replicate it after leaving Spector, notching a second number 1 hit in 1966 with the Bill Medley–produced "(You're My) Soul and Inspiration".[citation needed] The recording of "Unchained Melody", credited on some releases as a Spector production although Medley has consistently said he produced it originally as an album track,[29] had a second wave of popularity 25 years after its initial release, when it was featured prominently in the 1990 hit movie Ghost. A re-release of the single re-charted on the Billboard Hot 100, and went to number one on the Adult Contemporary charts. This also put Spector back on the U.S. Top 40 charts for the first time since his last appearance in 1971 with John Lennon's "Imagine", though he did have UK top 40 hits in the interim with the Ramones.[citation needed]

Spector with Modern Folk Quartet, for whom he produced "This Could Be the Night" in 1966

Spector's final signing to Philles was the husband-and-wife team of Ike and Tina Turner in 1966. Spector considered their recording of River Deep – Mountain High
River Deep – Mountain High
his best work,[30] but it failed to go any higher than number 88 in the United States. The single, which actually featured Tina but not Ike, was more successful in Britain, reaching number 3. Spector subsequently lost enthusiasm for his label and the recording industry. Already something of a recluse, he withdrew temporarily from the public eye, marrying Veronica "Ronnie" Bennett, lead singer of the Ronettes, in 1968. In 1967, Spector emerged briefly for a cameo as himself in an episode of I Dream of Jeannie and as a drug dealer in the film Easy Rider
Easy Rider
(1969).[31] 1969–1977: Comeback and near-fatal accident[edit] In 1969, Spector made a brief return to the music business by signing a production deal with A&M Records. A Ronettes
Ronettes
single, "You Came, You Saw, You Conquered" flopped, but Spector returned to the Hot 100 with "Black Pearl", by Sonny Charles
Sonny Charles
and the Checkmates, Ltd., which reached number 13. In 1970, Allen Klein, manager of the Beatles, brought Spector to England. While producing John Lennon's hit solo single "Instant Karma!", which went to number 3, Lennon and George Harrison invited Spector to take on the task of turning the Beatles' abandoned Get Back
Get Back
recording sessions into a usable album. He went to work, using many of his production techniques, making significant changes to the arrangements and sound of some songs.[32] The resulting album, Let It Be, was a massive commercial success and topped the US and UK charts. The album also yielded the number 1 US singles "The Long and Winding Road" and "Let It Be", the latter a UK number 2 released two months ahead of the album; "Get Back", an international number 1, was issued in 1969, right after the original Get Back
Get Back
sessions. Spector's overdubbing of "The Long and Winding Road" infuriated its composer, Paul McCartney, especially since the work was allegedly completed without his knowledge and without any opportunity for him to assess the results. (In 2003, McCartney spearheaded the release of Let It Be... Naked, which stripped the songs of Spector's input.)[32]

1971 Billboard ad for John Lennon's album Imagine, co-produced by Spector.

Lennon and George Harrison
George Harrison
were satisfied with the results, and Let It Be led to Spector co-producing albums with both ex-Beatles. For Harrison's multiplatinum album All Things Must Pass
All Things Must Pass
(number 1, 1970), Spector provided a cathedral-like sonic ambience, complete with ornate orchestrations and gospel-like choirs. The LP yielded two major hits: "My Sweet Lord" (number 1) and "What Is Life" (number 10). That same year, Spector co-produced John Lennon's Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
(number 6) album. In 1971, Spector was named director of A&R for Apple Records. He held the post for only a year, but during that time he co-produced the single "Power to the People" with John Lennon
John Lennon
(number 11), as well as Lennon's chart-topping album, Imagine. The album's title track hit number 3. With Harrison, Spector co-produced Harrison's "Bangla Desh" (number 23) and wife Ronnie Spector's "Try Some, Buy Some" (number 77). That same year Spector recorded the music for the number 1 triple album The Concert For Bangladesh. The album later won the "Album of the Year" award at the 1972 Grammys. Despite being recorded live, Spector used up to 44 microphones simultaneously to create his trademark Wall of Sound.[citation needed] Lennon retained Spector for the 1971 Christmas
Christmas
single "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" and the poorly reviewed 1972 album, Some Time In New York City (number 48). Similar to the unusual pattern of success that Spector's A Christmas
Christmas
Gift for You from Philles Records experienced, "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" also stalled in sales upon its initial release, only later to become a fixture on radio station playlists around Christmas. In 1973, Spector participated in the recording sessions for what would be Lennon's Rock 'n' Roll album (number 6). As the 1970s progressed, Spector became increasingly reclusive. The most probable and significant reason for his withdrawal, as revealed by biographer Dave Thompson,[citation needed] was that in 1974 he was seriously injured when he was thrown through the windshield of his car in a crash in Hollywood. According to a contemporary report published in the New Musical Express,[citation needed] Spector was almost killed, and it was only because the attending police officer detected a faint pulse that Spector was not declared dead at the scene. He was admitted to the UCLA Medical Center
UCLA Medical Center
on the night of March 31, 1974, suffering serious head injuries that required several hours of surgery, with over 300 stitches to his face and more than 400 to the back of his head.[33] His head injuries, Thompson suggests, were the reason that Spector began his habit of wearing outlandish wigs in later years.[34] The 1974 accident took place shortly after he had established the Warner-Spector label with Warner Bros. Records, which undertook new Spector-produced recordings with Cher
Cher
("A Woman's Story"/"Baby, I Love You" [1974]; "A Love Like Yours (Don't Come Knockin' Every Day)"/"(Just Enough to Keep Me) Hangin' On" [1975], with Harry Nilsson), Darlene Love
Darlene Love
("Lord, If You're a Woman"/"Stumble and Fall" [1977]), Danny Potter, and Jerri Bo Keno ("Here It Comes (And Here I Go)"/"I Don't Know Why" [1975]) in addition to several reissues. A similar relationship with Britain's Polydor Records
Polydor Records
led to the formation of the Phil Spector International label in 1975. When the Cher
Cher
and Keno singles (the latter's recordings were only issued in Germany) foundered on the charts, Spector released Dion DiMucci's Born to Be with You to little commercial fanfare in 1975; largely produced and recorded by Spector in 1974, it was subsequently disowned by the singer before enjoying a resurgence among the indie rock cognoscenti of the late 1990s and early 2000s.[35] The majority of Spector's classic Philles recordings had been out of print in the U.S. since the original label's demise, although Spector had released several Philles Records compilations in Britain. Finally, he released an American compilation of his Philles recordings in 1977, which put most of the better-known Spector hits back into circulation after many years.[citation needed] 1977–1980: Death of a Ladies' Man and End of the Century[edit] Main articles: Death of a Ladies' Man (album)
Death of a Ladies' Man (album)
and End of the Century Spector began to reemerge in the late 1970s, producing and co-writing a controversial 1977 album by Leonard Cohen, entitled Death of a Ladies' Man. This angered many devout Cohen fans who preferred his stark acoustic sound to the orchestral and choral wall of sound that the album contains. The recording was fraught with difficulty. After Cohen had laid down practice vocal tracks, Spector mixed the album in studio sessions, rather than allowing Cohen to take a role in the mixing, as Cohen had previously done.[33] Cohen remarked that the end result is "grotesque", but also "semi-virtuous"—for many years, he included a reworked version of the track "Memories" in live concerts. Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
and Allen Ginsberg
Allen Ginsberg
also participated in the background vocals on "Don't Go Home with Your Hard-On", which is the second time Spector indirectly "produced" Dylan—the first being Dylan's live recordings on The Concert for Bangladesh.[citation needed][36]

Ramones
Ramones
in 1977

Spector also produced the much-publicized Ramones
Ramones
album End of the Century in 1979. As with his work with Leonard Cohen, End of the Century received criticism from Ramones
Ramones
fans who were angered over its radio-friendly sound. However, it contains some of the best known and most successful Ramones
Ramones
singles, such as "Rock 'n' Roll High School", "Do You Remember Rock 'n' Roll Radio?" and their cover of a previously released Spector song for the Ronettes, "Baby, I Love You."[37] Guitarist Johnny Ramone
Johnny Ramone
later commented on working with Spector on the recording of the album, "It really worked when he got to a slower song like 'Danny Says'—the production really worked tremendously. For the harder stuff, it didn't work as well."[38] Rumors circulated for years that Spector had threatened members of the Ramones
Ramones
with a gun during the sessions. Dee Dee claimed that Spector once pulled a gun on him when he tried to leave a session.[39] Drummer Marky Ramone
Marky Ramone
recalled in 2008, "They [guns] were there but he had a license to carry. He never held us hostage. We could have left at any time".[40][41] 1981–present[edit] Spector remained inactive throughout most of the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s. He attempted to work with Céline Dion
Céline Dion
on her album Falling into You
Falling into You
but was unable to do so.[42] His most recent released project was Silence Is Easy
Silence Is Easy
by Starsailor, in 2003. He was originally supposed to produce the entire album, but was fired owing to personal and creative differences. One of the two Spector-produced songs on the album, the title track, was a UK top 10 single (the other single being "White Dove").[43] Spector produced singer-songwriter Hargo's track "Crying for John Lennon", which originally appears on Hargo's 2006 album In Your Eyes,[44] but on a visit to Spector's mansion for an interview for the John Lennon
John Lennon
tribute movie Strawberry Fields, Hargo played Spector the song and asked him to produce it. Spector and former Paul McCartney drummer Graham Ward produced it in the classic Wall of Sound
Wall of Sound
style on nights after his first murder trial.[45] In December 2007, the song "B Boy Baby" by Mutya Buena
Mutya Buena
and Amy Winehouse featured melodic and lyrical passages heavily influenced by the Ronettes
Ronettes
song "Be My Baby". As a result, Spector was given a songwriting credit on the single. The sections from "Be My Baby" are sung by Winehouse, not directly sampled from the mono single.[46] Winehouse referenced her admiration of Spector's work and often performed Spector's first hit song, "To Know Him Is to Love Him".[47] Also in December 2007, Spector attended the funeral of Ike Turner, whose former wife, Tina Turner, he produced in 1966 (only Tina was recorded, but the record label still read "Ike and Tina Turner"). While delivering a eulogy, Spector lashed out at Tina and stated that "Ike made Tina the jewel she was. When I went to see Ike play at the Cinegrill in the 90s...there were at least five Tina Turners on the stage performing that night, any one of them could have been Tina Turner." Spector lashed out at Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
for promoting Tina Turner's autobiography, which "demonized and vilified Ike."[48] In mid-April 2008, BBC Two
BBC Two
broadcast a special entitled Phil Spector: The Agony and the Ecstasy. It consists of Spector's first screen interview—breaking a long period of media silence. During the conversation, images from the murder court case are juxtaposed with live appearances of his tracks on television programs from the 1960s and 1970s, along with subtitles giving critical interpretation of some of his song production values. While he does not directly try to clear his name, the court case proceedings shown try to give further explanation of the facts surrounding the murder charges leveled against him. He also speaks about the musical instincts that led him to create some of his most enduring hit records, from "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" to " River
River
Deep, Mountain High", as well as Let It Be, along with criticisms he feels he has had to deal with throughout his life.[49] Murder conviction[edit] Main article: Murder of Lana Clarkson

2009 mug shot.

Wikinews has related news: Music producer Phil Spector
Phil Spector
convicted of murder

On February 3, 2003 actress Lana Clarkson
Lana Clarkson
died in Spector's mansion (the Pyrenees Castle) in Alhambra, California. Her body was found slumped in a chair with a single gunshot wound to her mouth with broken teeth scattered over the carpet.[50] Spector told Esquire magazine in July 2003 that Clarkson's death was an "accidental suicide" and that she "kissed the gun".[51] The emergency call from Spector's home, made by Spector's driver, Adriano de Souza, quotes Spector as saying, "I think I've killed someone".[51] De Souza added that he saw Spector come out the back door of the house with a gun in his hand.[51][52] Spector remained free on $1 million bail while awaiting trial, which began on March 19, 2007. Presiding Judge Larry Paul Fidler allowed the proceedings in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Superior Court
Superior Court
to be televised.[53] On September 26, 2007, Judge Fidler declared a mistrial because of a hung jury (ten to two for conviction).[54][55][56] The retrial of Spector for murder in the second degree began on October 20, 2008,[57] with Judge Fidler again presiding; this time it was not televised. Spector was once again represented by attorney Jennifer Lee Barringer.[58] The case went to the jury on March 26, 2009, and 19 days later, on April 13, the jury returned a guilty verdict.[59][60] Additionally, Spector was found guilty of using a firearm in the commission of a crime, which added four years to the sentence.[61] He was immediately taken into custody and, on May 29, 2009, was sentenced to 19 years to life in the California state prison system.[14] Musicianship[edit] See also: Wall of Sound

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Spector's early musical influences included Latin music in general, and Latin percussion
Latin percussion
in particular.[citation needed] This is perceptible in many if not all of Spector's recordings, from the percussion in many of his hit songs: shakers, güiros (gourds) and maracas in "Be My Baby" and the son montuno in "You've Lost That Lovin' Feeling" (heard clearly in the song's bridge, played by session bassist Carol Kaye, while the same repeating refrain is played on harpsichord by Larry Knechtel). Spector would visit Spanish Harlem clubs and schools to hone his listening and practical skills.[citation needed] Spector's trademark during his recording career was the so-called Wall of Sound, a production technique yielding a dense, layered effect that reproduced well on AM radio
AM radio
and jukeboxes. To attain this signature sound, Spector gathered large groups of musicians (playing some instruments not generally used for ensemble playing, such as electric and acoustic guitars) playing orchestrated parts—often doubling and tripling many instruments playing in unison—for a fuller sound. Spector himself called his technique "a Wagnerian
Wagnerian
approach to rock & roll: little symphonies for the kids".[62] While Spector directed the overall sound of his recordings, he took a relatively hands-off approach to working with the musicians themselves[citation needed] (usually a core group that became known as the Wrecking Crew, including session players such as Hal Blaine, Larry Knechtel, Steve Douglas, Carol Kaye, Roy Caton, Glen Campbell, and Leon Russell), delegating arrangement duties to Jack Nitzsche
Jack Nitzsche
and having Sonny Bono
Sonny Bono
oversee the performances, viewing these two as his "lieutenants".[citation needed] Spector frequently used songs from songwriters employed at the Brill Building
Brill Building
(Trio Music) and at 1650 Broadway (Aldon Music), such as the teams of Ellie Greenwich
Ellie Greenwich
and Jeff Barry, Barry Mann
Barry Mann
and Cynthia Weil, and Gerry Goffin and Carole King. He often worked with the songwriters, receiving co-credit and publishing royalties for compositions.[citation needed] Despite the trend towards multichannel recording, Spector was vehemently opposed to stereo releases, claiming that it took control of the record's sound away from the producer in favor of the listener.[citation needed] Spector was more concerned with the overall collage of sound than with the recording fidelity or timbral quality.[citation needed] Sometimes a pair of strings or horns would be double-tracked multiple times to sound like an entire string or horn section. But in the final product the background sometimes could not be distinguished as either horns or strings. Spector also greatly preferred singles to albums, describing LPs as "two hits and ten pieces of junk", reflecting both his commercial methods and those of many other producers at the time.[63] Legacy and influence[edit]

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Spector is often called the first auteur among musical artists[64][3] for acting not only as a producer, but also the creative director, writing or choosing the material, supervising the arrangements, conducting the vocalists and session musicians, and masterminding all phases of the recording process.[65] He helped pave the way for art rock,[66] and helped inspire the emergence of aesthetically oriented genres such as dream pop,[67] shoegaze,[3] and noise.[68] Among his famous girl groups were the Ronettes
Ronettes
and the Crystals; later he worked with artists including Ike and Tina Turner, John Lennon
John Lennon
and the Ramones
Ramones
with similar acclaim. He produced the Beatles' album Let It Be (1970), and Concert for Bangladesh (1971) by former Beatle George Harrison.[69] Later artists spanning many decades and genres have since cited Spector's work as a major influence. His influence has been claimed by contemporary performers such as the Beatles, the Beach Boys,[70] and the Velvet Underground[71] alongside latter-day record producers such as Brian Eno
Brian Eno
and Tony Visconti.[72][73] Alternative rock
Alternative rock
performers Cocteau Twins,[74] My Bloody Valentine,[70] and the Jesus and Mary Chain[70] have all cited Spector as an influence. Shoegazing, a British musical movement in the late 1980s to mid-1990s, was heavily influenced by the Wall of Sound. Jason Pierce
Jason Pierce
of Spiritualized
Spiritualized
has cited Spector as a major influence on his Let It Come Down album.[citation needed] Bobby Gillespie
Bobby Gillespie
of Primal Scream
Primal Scream
and the Jesus and Mary Chain has enthused about Spector, with the song "Just Like Honey" opening with an homage of the famous "Be My Baby" drum intro.[75] Many have tried to emulate Spector's methods, and Brian Wilson
Brian Wilson
of the Beach Boys—a fellow adherent of mono recording—considered Spector his main competition as a studio artist. In the 1960s, Wilson thought of Spector as "…the single most influential producer. He's timeless. He makes a milestone whenever he goes into the studio."[76] Wilson's fascination with Spector's work has persisted for decades, with many different references to Spector and his work scattered around Wilson's songs with the Beach Boys and even his solo career. Of Spector-related productions, Wilson has been involved with covers of "Be My Baby", "Chapel of Love", "Just Once in My Life", "There's No Other (Like My Baby)", "Then He Kissed Me", " Talk
Talk
to Me", "Why Don't They Let Us Fall in Love", "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'", "Da Doo Ron Ron", "I Can Hear Music", and "This Could Be the Night".[77] Johnny Franz's mid-1960s productions for Dusty Springfield
Dusty Springfield
and the Walker Brothers also employed a layered, symphonic "Wall of Sound" arrangement-and-recording style, heavily influenced by the Spector sound.[citation needed] Another example is the Forum, a studio project of Les Baxter, which produced a minor hit in 1967 with " River
River
Is Wide". Sonny Bono, a former associate of Spector's, developed a jangly, guitar-laden variation on the Spector sound, which is heard mainly in mid-1960s productions for his then-wife Cher, notably "Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)". Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
emulated the Wall of Sound
Wall of Sound
technique in his recording of "Born to Run".[78] In 1973, British band Wizzard, led by Roy Wood, had three Spector-influenced hits with "See My Baby Jive", "Angel Fingers" and "I Wish It Could Be Christmas
Christmas
Everyday", the latter becoming a perennial Christmas
Christmas
hit.[78] Other contemporaries influenced by Spector include George Morton, Sonny & Cher, the Rolling Stones, the Four Tops, Mark Wirtz, the Lovin' Spoonful, and the Beatles.[78] Swedish pop group ABBA
ABBA
cited Spector as an influence, and used similar Wall of Sound
Wall of Sound
techniques in their early songs, including "Ring Ring", "Waterloo", and "Dancing Queen".[citation needed] "You Took the Words Right Out of My Mouth", from Meat Loaf's 1977 Bat Out of Hell
Bat Out of Hell
album is another example of the Wall of Sound technique. Jim Steinman
Jim Steinman
and Todd Rundgren
Todd Rundgren
were inspired by Phil Spector's methods. The Knack
The Knack
recorded a tribute to Spector's Wall of Sound style with "The Feeling I Get" from their 1980 ...But the Little Girls Understand album. The Los Angeles-based new wave band Wall of Voodoo
Wall of Voodoo
takes their name from Spector's Wall of Sound. Spector's influence is also felt in other areas of the world, especially Japan. City pop
City pop
musicians Eiichi Ohtaki
Eiichi Ohtaki
and Tatsuro Yamashita have both had numerous hit records heavily influenced by Spector and the Wall of Sound. Titular Shibuya-kei
Shibuya-kei
group Pizzicato Five also exuded the Wall of Sound
Wall of Sound
in their early albums and singles. In popular culture[edit]

Beyond the Valley of the Dolls
Beyond the Valley of the Dolls
(1970): The character of Ronnie "Z-Man" Barzell is based upon Spector, though neither Meyer nor screenwriter Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
had met him.[citation needed] Phantom of the Paradise
Phantom of the Paradise
(1974): The villainous character Swan (played by Paul Williams) was supposedly inspired by Spector. A music producer and head of a record label, Swan was named "Spectre" in original drafts of the film's screenplay.[79] What's Love Got to Do with It (1993): Spector is portrayed by Rob LaBelle.[citation needed] Grace of My Heart
Grace of My Heart
(1996): The film contains many characters based upon 1960s musicians, writers and producers including the character Joel Milner played by John Turturro
John Turturro
(based on Spector).[citation needed] Metalocalypse
Metalocalypse
(2006–13): The character Dick Knubbler is a parody of Spector, based on profession, appearance and record of assault. A Reasonable Man (2009): Harv Stevens is reportedly based on Spector. The film examines his relationship with John Lennon.[80] "Doc Pomus" on the 2010 album Lonely Avenue by Ben Folds
Ben Folds
(in collaboration with author Nick Hornby): Spector is referenced as "crazy Phil Spector", one of the "superhuman" legends of music history. Phil Spector
Phil Spector
(2013): Spector is portrayed by Al Pacino. Love & Mercy (2014): Spector is portrayed by Jonathan Slavin.[81]

Accolades[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Publication Country Accolade Year Rank

Grammy Awards US Album of the Year (The Concert for Bangladesh) 1971 *

Rolling Stone USA Greatest Artists of All Time 2004 63

Washington Times US Greatest Record Producers of All Time 2008 2

Spector is one of a handful of producers to have number one records in three consecutive decades (1950s, 1960s and 1970s). Others in this group include Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
(1960s, 1970s and 1980s), George Martin (1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s), Michael Omartian (1970s, 1980s and 1990s), and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis
Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis
(1980s, 1990s, and 2000s).[83][84] Personal life[edit] Spector's first marriage was to Annette Merar, lead vocalist of the Spectors Three, a 1960s pop trio formed and produced by Spector. His second marriage was to Veronica Bennett, later known as Ronnie Spector.[85] Bennett was the lead singer of the girl group the Ronettes
Ronettes
(another group Spector managed and produced). Their marriage lasted from 1968 to 1974. They adopted three children, Donté Phillip Spector (born March 23, 1969), Louis Phillip Spector, and Gary Phillip Spector (twins, born May 12, 1966). In later years, Bennett stated that Spector had kept her imprisoned in their California mansion and subjected her to verbal abuse.[86] She escaped from Spector barefoot with the help of her mother in 1972.[87] His adopted sons Donte and Gary Spector stated he kept them captive as children and forced them to perform sex acts with his girlfriend. "For years, we were just caged animals to be let out for Dad's amusement," Donte Spector told the Mail.[88] In the 1980s, Spector had twin children with then-girlfriend Janis Zavala: Nicole Audrey Spector and Phillip Spector, Jr. (born October 18, 1982). Phillip Jr. died of leukemia on December 25, 1991.[89] On September 1, 2006, Spector, while on bail and awaiting trial, married his third wife Rachelle Short, who was 26 at the time. Spector filed for divorce in April 2016, claiming irreconcilable differences.[90] Health and illness[edit] In the first criminal trial for the Clarkson murder, defense expert Vincent DiMaio asserted that Spector may be suffering from Parkinson's disease, stating, "Look at Mr. Spector. He has Parkinson's features. He trembles."[91] Department of Corrections photos from 2013 (released in September 2014) show evidence of a progressive deterioration in Spector's health, according to observers.[92][93] He has been an inmate at the California Health Care Facility (a prison hospital) in Stockton since October 2013.[94] In September 2014, it was reported that Spector had lost his ability to speak due to laryngeal papillomatosis.[94][95] Discography[edit] See also: Philles Records

Albums

1959: The Teddy Bears
The Teddy Bears
Sing – The Teddy Bears 1962: Twist Uptown
Twist Uptown
– The Crystals 1963: He's a Rebel
He's a Rebel
– The Crystals 1963: Zip-A Dee-Doo-Dah – Bob B. Soxx and the Blue Jeans 1963: A Christmas
Christmas
Gift for You from Philles Records – Various Artists 1964: Presenting the Fabulous Ronettes Featuring Veronica
Presenting the Fabulous Ronettes Featuring Veronica
– The Ronettes 1966: River Deep – Mountain High
River Deep – Mountain High
– Ike and Tina Turner 1969: Love Is All We Have to Give – Sonny Charles
Sonny Charles
and the Checkmates, Ltd. 1970: Let It Be
Let It Be
– The Beatles 1970: All Things Must Pass
All Things Must Pass
(co-producer) – George Harrison 1970: Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
(co-producer) – John Lennon
John Lennon
and the Plastic Ono Band 1971: Imagine (co-producer) – John Lennon
John Lennon
and the Plastic Ono Band with the Flux Fiddlers 1971: The Concert for Bangladesh
The Concert for Bangladesh
(co-producer) – George Harrison
George Harrison
and friends 1972: Some Time in New York City
Some Time in New York City
(co-producer) – John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
with Elephant's Memory plus Invisible Strings 1973: Living in the Material World
Living in the Material World
(co-producer) – George Harrison 1975: Rock N' Roll (co-producer) – John Lennon 1975: Born To Be With You – Dion 1977: Death of a Ladies' Man – Leonard Cohen 1980: End of the Century
End of the Century
– Ramones 1981: Season of Glass (co-producer) – Yoko Ono 1986: Menlove Ave.
Menlove Ave.
(co-producer) – John Lennon 1991: Back to Mono (1958–1969) (box set compilation) – Various Artists 2003: Silence Is Easy
Silence Is Easy
(co-producer) – Starsailor

Singles

"To Know Him Is to Love Him" – The Teddy Bears
The Teddy Bears
(12/1/1958, #1) "Corrine, Corrina" – Ray Peterson
Ray Peterson
(11/21/1960, #9) "Pretty Little Angel Eyes" – Curtis Lee (7/3/1961, #7) "Every Breath I Take" – Gene Pitney
Gene Pitney
(9/11/1961, #42) "I Love How You Love Me" – The Paris Sisters (10/30/1961, #5) "Under the Moon of Love" – Curtis Lee (11/27/1961, #46) "There's No Other (Like My Baby)" – The Crystals
The Crystals
(1/22/1962, #20) "I Could Have Loved You So Well" – Ray Peterson
Ray Peterson
(1/27/1962, #57) "Uptown" – The Crystals
The Crystals
(3/3/1962, #13) "He Knows I Love Him Too Much" – The Paris Sisters (3/10/1962, #34) "Let Me Be the One" – The Paris Sisters (5/26/1962, #87) "Second Hand Love" – Connie Francis
Connie Francis
(6/9/1962, #7) "He's a Rebel" – The Crystals
The Crystals
(11/3/1962, #1) "Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah" – Bob B. Soxx & the Blue Jeans (1/12/1963, #8) "He's Sure the Boy I Love" – The Crystals
The Crystals
(1/19/1963, #11) "Puddin' n' Tain (Ask Me Again, I’ll Tell You the Same)" – The Alley Cats (2/16/1963, #43) "Why Do Lovers Break Each Other's Heart" – Bob B. Soxx and the Blue Jeans (3/30/1963, #38) "(Today I Met) The Boy I’m Gonna Marry" – Darlene Love
Darlene Love
(5/11/1963, #39) " Da Doo Ron Ron
Da Doo Ron Ron
(When He Walked Me Home)" – The Crystals
The Crystals
(6/8/1963, #3) "Not Too Young to Get Married" – Bob B. Soxx and the Blue Jeans (7/13/1963, #63) "Then He Kissed Me" – The Crystals
The Crystals
(8/17/1963, #6) "Wait ‘til My Bobby Gets Home" – Darlene Love
Darlene Love
(9/7/1963, #26) "Be My Baby" – The Ronettes
The Ronettes
(10/12/1963, #2) "A Fine, Fine Boy" – Darlene Love
Darlene Love
(11/23/1963, #53) " Christmas
Christmas
(Baby, Please Come Home)" – Darlene Love "Baby, I Love You" – The Ronettes
The Ronettes
(11/1963, #24) "(The Best Part of) Breakin' Up" – The Ronettes
The Ronettes
(5/16/1964, #39) "Do I Love You?" – The Ronettes
The Ronettes
(8/1/1964, #34) "Walking in the Rain" – The Ronettes
The Ronettes
(12/5/1964, #23) "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" – The Righteous Brothers
The Righteous Brothers
(2/6/1965 #1, UK #1) "Just Once in My Life" – The Righteous Brothers
The Righteous Brothers
(5/15/1965, #9) "Unchained Melody" – The Righteous Brothers
The Righteous Brothers
(8/28/1965, #4) "Ebb Tide" – The Righteous Brothers
The Righteous Brothers
(1/8/1966, #5) " River
River
Deep – Mountain High" – Ike and Tina Turner (6/18/1966, #88 UK #3) "Love Is All I Have to Give" – The Checkmates, Ltd. (5/3/1969, #65) "Black Pearl" – The Checkmates, Ltd. (7/5/1969, #13) "Proud Mary" – The Checkmates, Ltd. (11/1/1969, #69) "Instant Karma (We All Shine On)" – John Lennon
John Lennon
(3/28/1970, #3) "The Long and Winding Road"/"For You Blue" – The Beatles
The Beatles
(6/13/1970, #1) "My Sweet Lord" – George Harrison
George Harrison
(12/26/1970, #1) "What Is Life" – George Harrison
George Harrison
(3/27/1971, #10) "Power to the People" – John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
(5/15/1971, #11) "Try Some, Buy Some" – Ronnie Spector
Ronnie Spector
(5/22/1971, #77) "Bangla-Desh" – George Harrison
George Harrison
(9/11/1971, #23) "Imagine" – John Lennon
John Lennon
(11/13/1971, #3) "Rock 'n' Roll High School" – Ramones
Ramones
(8/4/1979, UK #67) "Baby, I Love You" – Ramones
Ramones
(2/4/1980, UK #8) "Do You Remember Rock 'n' Roll Radio?" – Ramones
Ramones
(5/16/1980, #54) " Unchained Melody
Unchained Melody
The Righteous Brothers
The Righteous Brothers
(10/20/1990 Reissue, #13) "Silence is Easy" – Starsailor (1/9/2003, UK #8)

References[edit]

^ CNN
CNN
Library (December 3, 2015). " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
Fast Facts". CNN.  ^ "1940 Census". 1940census.archives.gov. Retrieved 4 August 2017.  ^ a b c Bannister 2007, p. 38. ^ Spillius, Alex. " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
guilty of murdering actress Lana Clarkson". The Telegraph.  ^ Unterberger, Richie. "Phil Spector". AllMusic.  ^ Williams 2003, pp. vii, 35, 52, 100. ^ " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
profile at". Songwritershalloffame.org. Retrieved 2011-10-28.  ^ "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ "The Immortals: Phil Spector". Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Issue 946. Rolling Stone.  ^ "The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". November 18, 2003, rollingstone.com; retrieved June 5, 2009. ^ "142 A Christmas
Christmas
Gift For You". Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
500 Greatest Albums of All Time.  ^ "65 Back to Mono". Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
500 Greatest Albums of All-Time.  ^ "BMI Announces Top 100 Songs of the Century" from BMI website ^ a b Duke, Alan (May 29, 2009). " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
gets 19 years to life for murder of actress". CNN.com. Retrieved 2009-05-30.  ^ "California vs Phillip Spector Case no. GA048824" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
Biography: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
and Museum". Rockhall.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31.  ^ The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music. New York City: Stockton Press/Guinness Publishing. 1995. p. 3901, Vol. 5. ISBN 1-56159-176-9.  Entry: "Spector, Phil. born Harvey Phillip Spector, 26 December 1939, Bronx, New York, USA." ^ Profile at Inmate Locator, California Department of Corrections website, which gives a 1940 year of birth based on age—i.e., 75 years old on October 8, 2016, inmatelocator.cdcr.ca.gov; accessed October 8, 2016. ^ "Salon Brilliant Careers". Salon.com. Archived from the original on 2011-02-07. Retrieved 2012-07-09.  ^ Williams 2003, p. 19. ^ Bloom, Nate (December 22, 2014). "All those Holiday/ Christmas
Christmas
Songs: So Many Jewish Songwriters!". Jewish World Review. Retrieved December 31, 2017.  ^ "Northern Ireland – Music". BBC. 1966-03-07. Archived from the original on 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  (copy from original ^ "Today in Oldies Music History – April 20 – April 20 in Music". Oldies.about.com. 2010-06-17. Archived from the original on 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ Bronson, Fred (December 2002). Billboard's Hottest Hot 100 Hits. Watson-Guptill Publications. ISBN 0-8230-7646-6.  ^ Larkin, Colin (March 2002). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Virgin Publishing. ISBN 1-85227-923-0.  ^ a b Fred Bronson, The Billboard Book
Book
of Number One Hits, Billboard Publications, 1992, p. 46 ^ Godin, Dave. "The Topnotes". Soulful Kinda Music. Retrieved 22 September 2016.  ^ Ankeny, Jason. ""Be My Baby" Song Review". allmusic.com.  ^ Dimery, Robert (December 5, 2011). 1001 Songs: You Must Hear Before You Die. Cassell Illustrated.  ^ Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 21 – Forty Miles of Bad Road: Some of the best from rock 'n' roll's dark ages. Part 2] : UNT Digital Library" (audio). Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries.  ^ Williams 2003, pp. 120-29. ^ a b Kreps, Daniel. "'Let It Be' 40 Years Later: A Look Back at the Beatles' Final LP". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ a b Leibovitz, Liel (December 11, 2012). "Wall of Crazy: Phil Spector and Leonard Cohen's incredible album, released 35 years ago, is a time capsule of American pop music". Tablet: A New Read on Jewish Life. Nextbook Inc. Retrieved 2015-03-12.  ^ "Phil Spector's Terrifying MugShot Is Horrible". SquareMirror.com. Retrieved 2015-03-12.  ^ Cox, Tom (2001-02-10). "A masterpiece? Was it?". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ Roberts, Randall. "Leonard Cohen's Prophecy of the Phil Spector/Lana Clarkson Incident: 'Death of a Ladies' Man'". L.A. Weekly.  ^ The band still name-checked Spector in the song "It's Not My Place (in the 9 to 5 World)" on their next album, Pleasant Dreams ^ Devenish, Colin (June 24, 2002). " Johnny Ramone
Johnny Ramone
Stays Tough: Ramones Guitarist Reflects on Dee Dee's Death and the Difficult Eighties". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2008-01-05.  ^ "The Curse of the Ramones". Rolling Stone. 19 May 2016.  ^ "Marky Ramone: ' Phil Spector
Phil Spector
didn't hold a gun to us'". nme.com. December 2, 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-15.  ^ Minsky, David. " Marky Ramone
Marky Ramone
on Phil Spector: "He Never Pointed a Gun at Us" - Miami New Times". Miami New Times.  ^ Willaman, Chris (December 3, 2004). "Here's Celine Dion's 1995 buried treasure". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 6, 2017.  ^ "Music – Review of Starsailor – Silence Is Easy". BBC. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ "In Your Eyes – Hargo Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. 2006-07-24. Retrieved 2014-08-01.  ^ " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
continues work in studio". Nme.Com. 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ "Mutya Buena". Nme.Com. 2007-06-01. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ "Amy Winehouse: To Know Him Is to Love Him (live)". Youtube.com. 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
criticises Tina Turner
Tina Turner
at Ike Turner's funeral". Nme.Com. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ Thorpe, Vanessa, arts and media correspondent (February 18, 2008). " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
breaks his silence before second trial for murder". London: Music Guardian. Retrieved 2010-06-30. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Phil Spector: The 'Mad Genius' of Rock'n'Roll, TruTV.com. Archived December 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
Jailed For 19 Years For Murdering Lana Clarkson". News.sky.com. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ "Specs a maniac". The Sun. London.  ^ "US Spector trial to be televised", BBC News, February 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-09. ^ Archibold, Randal C. (September 27, 2007). "Mistrial Declared in Spector Murder Case". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-09-26.  ^ The Darwin Exception's complete day by day online coverage of the trial April 25, 2007 ^ Facing the music: Did Hollywood
Hollywood
record producer Phil Spector
Phil Spector
shoot actress Lana Clarkson
Lana Clarkson
late at night in the hilltop mansion Spector called "The Castle"? September 12, 2007 ^ " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
murder retrial gets underway, Jury selection begins in LA". Nme.com. 2008-10-21. Retrieved 2013-03-31.  ^ "Attorney Jennifer Barringer (L) looks on Pictures". Getty Images. Retrieved 1 February 2018.  ^ Li, David K. (April 13, 2009). " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
Faces The Music". Nypost.com. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ " Phil Spector
Phil Spector
convicted of murder". BBC News. April 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-13.  ^ Phil Spector
Phil Spector
Found Guilty Of 2nd Degree Murder, AP, April 13, 2009 ^ DeCurtis, Anthony (1999). Rocking My Life Away: Writing about Music and Other Matters. Duke University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0822324199. Retrieved 4 August 2017.  ^ Brown, Mick (2008). Tearing Down The Wall of Sound: The Rise And Fall of Phil Spector. Bloomsbury. pp. 184–185. ISBN 9780747572473. Retrieved 4 August 2017.  ^ Eisenberg 2005, p. 103. ^ Williams 2003, pp. 15-16. ^ Williams 2003, p. 38. ^ Bergstrom, John (January 13, 2011). "George Harrison: All Things Must Pass". PopMatters. Retrieved 28 April 2014.  ^ Bannister 2007, p. 158. ^ Williams 2003, pp. 163-64. ^ a b c Bannister 2007, p. 39. ^ Reed, Lou (December 1966). "The View from the Bandstand". Aspen Magazine. No. 3.  ^ Tamm, Eric (1995). Brian Eno: His Music and the Vertical Color of Sound (Updated ed., 1. Da Capo Press ed.). New York: Da Capo Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-306-80649-0.  ^ "Lecture: Tony Visconti
Tony Visconti
(Madrid 2011)". Red Bull Music Academy. 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2014.  ^ Guthrie, Robin (November 6, 1993). "Robin Guthrie of Cocteau Twins Talks about the Records That Changed His Life". Melody Maker. p. 27.  ^ Adams, Erik; Casciato, Cory; Eakin, Marah; Heller, Jason; Sava, Oliver; Zaleski, Annie. "Kick kick kick snare, repeat: 15 songs that borrow the drum intro from "Be My Baby"". AV Club. Retrieved 4 August 2017.  ^ Grevatt, Ron (March 19, 1966). "Beach Boys' Blast". Melody Maker.  ^ Lambert, Philip (2007). Inside the Music of Brian Wilson: the Songs, Sounds, and Influences of the Beach Boys' Founding Genius. Continuum. pp. 331–79. ISBN 978-0-8264-1876-0.  ^ a b c Williams 2003, pp. 29–30. ^ "Production". The Swan Archives. 1974-10-04. Retrieved 2011-10-28.  ^ "Article at Exclaim.com". Exclaim.ca. Retrieved 2010-06-30.  ^ "Cast page at IMDB". imdb.com. Retrieved 2017-09-08.  ^ "(Walking) In the Rain by The Ronettes
The Ronettes
Songfacts". songfacts.com.  ^ Bronson, Fred (2003). Billboard's Hottest Hot 100 Hits. Billboard Books (3rd ed.), pp. 106–28. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2013). Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955–2012. Record Research (14th ed.). ^ "Spector, Ronnie Study Guide & Homework Help". eNotes.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31.  ^ "Entertainment". MSN Entertainment. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. May 6, 2010. p. 7. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014.  ^ Hoby, Hermione (2014-03-06). " Ronnie Spector
Ronnie Spector
interview: 'The more Phil tried to destroy me, the stronger I got'". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2017-11-25.  ^ "SPECTOR'S SONS: DAD CAGED US". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2017-11-25.  ^ Sam, Robert. "Legend with a Bullet". Vanityfair.com. Archived from the original on 2009-11-30. Retrieved 2013-03-31.  ^ "PHIL SPECTOR FILES FOR DIVORCE My Wife's Killing Me". TMZ. 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2016-04-23.  ^ "Defense expert, prosecutor spar in Phil Spector
Phil Spector
murder trial". USA Today. 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2011-03-31.  ^ Phil Spector: New photos show toll of age, prison on pop legend. Published September 23, 2014, Retrieved September 24, 2014. ^ Phil Spector
Phil Spector
photos show prison taking its toll Times of London Retrieved September 24, 2014. ^ a b "Jailed Phil Spector's wall of silence as he loses ability to speak". Daily Mirror. 2014-09-26. Retrieved 2014-09-27.  ^ "Music producer Phil Spector
Phil Spector
loses voice, now in facility for sick inmates". New York Daily News. 2014-09-27. Retrieved 2014-10-02. 

Notes[edit]

^ Some sources cite 1940 as his year of birth.[1] He was enumerated in the April 1940 US Census.[2]

Bibliography[edit]

Bannister, Matthew (2007). White Boys, White Noise: Masculinities and 1980s Indie Guitar
Guitar
Rock. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7546-8803-7.  Eisenberg, Evan (2005). The Recording Angel: Music, Records and Culture from Aristotle to Zappa. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-09904-1.  Williams, Richard (2003). Phil Spector: Out of His Head. Music Sales Group. ISBN 978-0-7119-9864-3. 

Further reading[edit]

Brown, Mick. Tearing Down the Wall of Sound: The Rise and Fall of Phil Spector; ISBN 0-7475-7243-7; reviewed Garceau, Scott (November 12, 2008), Blast from the past. The X-Pat Files. Review of Tearing Down The Wall Of Sound: The Rise And Fall Of Phil Spector Ribowsky, Mark. He's a Rebel: The Truth About Phil Spector
Phil Spector
– Rock and Roll's Legendary Madman; ISBN 0-306-81471-4 Wolfe, Tom. "The First Tycoon of Teen"—magazine article reprinted in Wolfe, The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby, ISBN 0-553-38058-3; and in Back to Mono liner notes Thompson, Dave. Wall of Pain: The Biography of Phil Spector; ISBN 1-86074-543-1 Emerson, Ken. Always Magic in the Air: The Bomp and Brilliance of the Brill Building
Brill Building
Era; ISBN 0-670-03456-8 Baker, James Robert. Fuel-Injected Dreams; ISBN 0-452-25815-4; novel whose central character is reportedly based on Spector

External links[edit]

In pictures: Phil Spector. Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times photo gallery of Phil Spector during the Clarkson trials and through the decades (May 29, 2009)

Music-related

Phil-Spector.com – Legendary Rock 'n' Roll Producer "Spector Tapes Mick Brown", Daily Telegraph (March 10, 2007) Spector biographer Mick Brown on public radio program The Sound of Young America Phil Spector
Phil Spector
at Allmusic A select guide to Phil Spector
Phil Spector
compact discs Snopes article: "(Let's Dance) The Screw" History of Rock The Pop Chronicles
Pop Chronicles
interviewed Spector on 8 January 1968; Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.; he appears in shows 8, 11, 12, 14, 21, 24, 25, 26, 30, 44, 49, 50, 54, and 55.

Legal-related

Complete Phil Spector
Phil Spector
murder case coverage from Court TV Documentary series from Court TV (now TruTV) "MUGSHOTS: Phil Spector
Phil Spector
- House of Blues Murder" episode (2009) at FilmRise Tabloid Column news about Phil Spector Search warrant and affidavit at The Smoking Gun. CrimeLibrary.com – Phil Spector: The "mad genius" of Rock'n'Roll Ronettes' Profits Limited by 1963 Contract, New York Law Journal, October 21, 2002

v t e

Phil Spector

Productions

Albums

Twist Uptown He's A Rebel A Christmas
Christmas
Gift for You from Phil Spector Presenting the Fabulous Ronettes
Ronettes
Featuring Veronica Just Once in My Life River
River
Deep - Mountain High Let It Be All Things Must Pass John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band The Concert for Bangladesh Imagine Living in the Material World Some Time in New York City Rock 'n' Roll Born To Be With You Death of a Ladies' Man End of the Century Season of Glass Silence Is Easy

Singles

"Corrine, Corrina" "Pretty Little Angel Eyes" " Talk
Talk
to Me" "Under the Moon of Love" "There's No Other (Like My Baby)" "Uptown" "He Hit Me (It Felt Like a Kiss)" "He's a Rebel" "Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah" "He's Sure the Boy I Love" "Why Do Lovers Break Each Other's Heart" "(Let's Dance) The Screw" "Da Doo Ron Ron" "Then He Kissed Me" "Be My Baby" "Baby, I Love You" " Christmas
Christmas
(Baby, Please Come Home)" "(The Best Part of) Breakin' Up" "Do I Love You?" "Walking in the Rain" "Ringo, I Love You" "Why Don't They Let Us Fall in Love" "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin" "Just Once in My Life" "Is This What I Get for Loving You?" "Hung Up on You/Unchained Melody" "Ebb Tide" " River
River
Deep - Mountain High" "A Love Like Yours (Don't Come Knocking Everyday)" "Proud Mary" "You Came, You Saw, You Conquered!" "Black Pearl" "Instant Karma (We All Shine On)" "The Long and Winding Road" "My Sweet Lord" "What Is Life" "Power to the People" "Mother" "Try Some, Buy Some" "Bangla-Desh" "Imagine" "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" "A Woman's Story" "Born to Be with You" "Baby, Let's Stick Together" "Rock 'n' Roll High School" "Do You Remember Rock 'n' Roll Radio?" "Silence Is Easy"

Compilations

Menlove Ave. Back to Mono (1958-1969)

Other songs

"To Know Him is to Love Him" "Don't You Worry My Little Pet" "Chapel of Love" "I Can Hear Music" "Little by Little" "Spanish Harlem" "This Could Be the Night"

Associates

The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon George Harrison) Bob B. Soxx and the Blue Jeans Leonard Cohen The Crystals Sonny Charles
Sonny Charles
and the Checkmates, Ltd. Dion DiMucci Larry Levine Jack Nitzsche Yoko Ono Ramones The Righteous Brothers Ronnie Spector The Ronettes The Teddy Bears Ike and Tina Turner The Wrecking Crew

Related articles

"B Boy Baby" "Take Me Home Tonight" Wall of Sound Gold Star Studios Philles Records Phil Spector
Phil Spector
International Recording studio as musical instrument Warner-Spector Records Easy Rider Let It Be... Naked Tearing Down the Wall of Sound Murder of Lana Clarkson Phil Spector

Category

v t e

The Ronettes

Veronica Bennett Estelle Bennett Nedra Talley

Albums

Presenting the Fabulous Ronettes
Ronettes
Featuring Veronica

Singles

"Silhouettes" "Be My Baby" "Baby, I Love You" "(The Best Part of) Breakin' Up" "Walking in the Rain" "Is This What I Get For Loving You?" "I Can Hear Music"

Songs

"Frosty the Snowman" "Sleigh Ride" "I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus" "So Young" "What'd I Say" "Chapel of Love"

Related topics

Discography Phil Spector A Christmas
Christmas
Gift for You from Phil Spector "Why Don't They Let Us Fall in Love"

Book:The Ronettes

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People associated with the Beatles

Personnel

Neil Aspinall Dave Dexter Jr. Geoff Emerick Mal Evans Glyn Johns Bert Kaempfert Freda Kelly Jeff Lynne Magic Alex Ken Mansfield George Martin Giles Martin Phil McDonald Ken Scott Norman Smith Phil Spector Alistair Taylor Chris Thomas Ken Townsend Peter Vince

Businessmen

Peter Bennett Sid Bernstein Al Brodax Peter Brown Lee Eastman Brian Epstein David Geffen Dick James Allen Klein Joseph Lockwood Larry Parnes Allan Williams

Musicians

Eric Clapton The Dirty Mac Donovan Bob Dylan Johnny Gentle Nicky Hopkins Johnny Hutchinson Mick Jagger Brian Jones Jim Keltner David Mason Tommy Moore Chas Newby Jimmie Nicol Harry Nilsson Peter and Gordon Plastic Ono Band Billy Preston Ronnie Scott Ravi Shankar Tony Sheridan Rory Storm
Rory Storm
and the Hurricanes Andy White

Writers

Tony Barrow Alan Clayson Ray Coleman Ray Connolly Hunter Davies Peter Doggett Walter Everett Larry Kane Mark Lewisohn Ian MacDonald Philip Norman Alan W. Pollack Nicholas Schaffner Bruce Spizer Derek Taylor

Girlfriends / wives

Nancy Lee Andrews Jane Asher Barbara Bach Pattie Boyd Olivia Harrison Astrid Kirchherr Cynthia Lennon Linda McCartney Heather Mills Yoko Ono Francie Schwartz Maureen Starkey

Parents / guardians

Mona Best Alfred Lennon Julia Lennon Jim and Mary McCartney George Smith Mimi Smith

Others

Tony Anthony Peter Blake George Dunning Horst Fascher The Fool Robert Freeman Bill Harry Jann Haworth Michael Lindsay-Hogg Alejandro Jodorowsky Bruno Koschmider Richard Lester Ruth McCartney Murray the K Ed Sullivan Saul Swimmer Ivan Vaughan Jürgen Vollmer Klaus Voormann Lord Woodbine Bob Wooler David Wynne Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Roby Yonge

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Grammy Award for Album of the Year

1959–1979

The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader
Vaughn Meader
(1963) The Barbra Streisand Album
The Barbra Streisand Album
Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1964) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
– Stan Getz, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1965) September of My Years Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1966) A Man and His Music Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles
The Beatles
(1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell
Glen Campbell
(1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King
Carole King
(1972) The Concert for Bangladesh
The Concert for Bangladesh
– Various (1973) Innervisions
Innervisions
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale
Fulfillingness' First Finale
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1975) Still Crazy After All These Years
Still Crazy After All These Years
Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1976) Songs in the Key of Life
Songs in the Key of Life
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
(1978) Saturday Night Fever – Bee Gees/Various (1979)

1980–2000

52nd Street – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1980) Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) Double Fantasy
Double Fantasy
John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(1982) Toto IV
Toto IV
– Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985) No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1986) Graceland – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1987) The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
– U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael
George Michael
(1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(1990) Back on the Block
Back on the Block
Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
and various artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1995) Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
(1996) Falling into You
Falling into You
Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
(1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000)

2001–present

Two Against Nature
Two Against Nature
Steely Dan
Steely Dan
(2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack (2002) Come Away with Me
Come Away with Me
Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Outkast
Outkast
(2004) Genius Loves Company
Genius Loves Company
Ray Charles
Ray Charles
and various artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
– U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way
Taking the Long Way
Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(2008) Raising Sand
Raising Sand
Robert Plant
Robert Plant
& Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
(2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2010) The Suburbs
The Suburbs
Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
(2011) 21 – Adele
Adele
(2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories
Random Access Memories
Daft Punk
Daft Punk
(2014) Morning Phase
Morning Phase
Beck
Beck
(2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2016) 25 – Adele
Adele
(2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018)

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Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Class of 1989

Performers

Dion Otis Redding The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(Mick Jagger, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Ian Stewart, Mick Taylor, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood, Bill Wyman) The Temptations
The Temptations
(Dennis Edwards, Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, David Ruffin, Otis Williams, Paul Williams) Stevie Wonder

Early influences

The Ink Spots Bessie Smith The Soul Stirrers

Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award)

Phil Spector

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The Wrecking Crew

Guitars

James Burton Glen Campbell Al Casey Jerry Cole Mike Deasy René Hall Barney Kessel Bill Pitman Howard Roberts Louis Shelton P. F. Sloan Billy Strange Tommy Tedesco

Electric bass

Max Bennett Carol Kaye Larry Knechtel Joe Osborn Bill Pitman Ray Pohlman

Upright bass

Chuck Berghofer Jimmy Bond Lyle Ritz Red Callender

Percussion

Frank Capp Victor Feldman Milt Holland Joe Porcaro Julius Wechter

Drums

Hal Blaine Jim Gordon Jim Keltner Earl Palmer

Keyboards

Al De Lory Larry Knechtel Mike Melvoin Don Randi Dr. John Mike (Michel) Rubini Leon Russell

Saxophone

Gene Cipriano Steve Douglas Jim Horn Plas Johnson Jay Migliori Nino Tempo

Trombone

Richard "Slyde" Hyde Dick Nash

Trumpet

Bud Brisbois Roy Caton Chuck Findley Ollie Mitchell Tony Terran

Related articles

Gold Star Studios Jack Nitzsche Phil Spector Sunset Sound Recorders United Western Recorders Brian Wilson The Wrecking Crew (documentary)

Category

Authority control

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