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www.mairie-perpignan.fr (in French) www.ajuntament-perpinya.cat (in Catalan)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Perpignan
Perpignan
(French: [pɛʁpiɲɑ̃]; Catalan: Perpinyà [pərpiˈɲa]) is a city, a commune, and the capital of the Pyrénées-Orientales
Pyrénées-Orientales
department in southern France. Perpignan
Perpignan
was the capital of the former province and County of Roussillon
County of Roussillon
(Rosselló in Catalan) and continental capital of the Kingdom of Majorca
Kingdom of Majorca
in the 13th and 14th centuries. In 2013 Perpignan
Perpignan
had 118,238 inhabitants (Perpignanais(e) in French, Perpinyanés(a) in Catalan) in the city proper. The metropolitan area had a total population of 305,837 in 2010.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Location 1.2 Hydrography 1.3 Climate 1.4 Transport

2 Toponymy 3 History 4 Government and politics

4.1 Mayors 4.2 International relations

5 Population and society

5.1 Demography 5.2 Events 5.3 Sport

6 Economy 7 Sites of interest 8 Notable people linked to Perpignan 9 Gallery 10 See also 11 References 12 Bibliography 13 External links

Geography[edit] Location[edit] Perpignan
Perpignan
is located in the center of the Roussillon plain, 13 km west of the Mediterranean coast. It is the southernmost of the cities of metropolitan France.

Map of Perpignan
Perpignan
and its surrounding communes

Location within the Pyrénées-Orientales
Pyrénées-Orientales
département.

Neighbouring communes

Peyrestortes Rivesaltes, Pia Bompas, Villelongue-de-la-Salanque

Saint-Estève, Baho, Le Soler

Perpignan

Canet-en-Roussillon

Toulouges, Canohès Pollestres, Villeneuve-de-la-Raho Cabestany, Saleilles Théza
Théza
(by a quadripoint)

Hydrography[edit] Perpignan
Perpignan
is crossed by the largest river in Roussillon, the Têt, and by one of its tributaries, the Basse. Floods often occur, as in 1892 when the rising of the Têt in Perpignan
Perpignan
destroyed 39 houses, leaving more than 60 families homeless.[1] Climate[edit] Perpignan
Perpignan
experiences a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Köppen Csa) similar to much of the Mediterranean coastline of France.

Climate data for Perpignan
Perpignan
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 25.0 (77) 26.5 (79.7) 28.0 (82.4) 32.4 (90.3) 34.4 (93.9) 36.9 (98.4) 40.5 (104.9) 38.7 (101.7) 36.8 (98.2) 34.2 (93.6) 28.1 (82.6) 26.7 (80.1) 40.5 (104.9)

Average high °C (°F) 12.4 (54.3) 13.2 (55.8) 16.0 (60.8) 18.2 (64.8) 21.8 (71.2) 26.2 (79.2) 29.2 (84.6) 28.9 (84) 25.4 (77.7) 21.0 (69.8) 15.9 (60.6) 13.1 (55.6) 20.1 (68.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) 8.3 (46.9) 9.0 (48.2) 11.5 (52.7) 13.7 (56.7) 17.0 (62.6) 21.4 (70.5) 24.1 (75.4) 23.9 (75) 20.5 (68.9) 16.7 (62.1) 12.0 (53.6) 9.1 (48.4) 15.6 (60.1)

Average low °C (°F) 4.4 (39.9) 4.9 (40.8) 7.4 (45.3) 9.4 (48.9) 12.9 (55.2) 16.8 (62.2) 19.4 (66.9) 19.3 (66.7) 16.0 (60.8) 12.6 (54.7) 8.1 (46.6) 5.1 (41.2) 11.4 (52.5)

Record low °C (°F) −8.2 (17.2) −11.0 (12.2) −5.9 (21.4) 0.2 (32.4) 2.4 (36.3) 7.4 (45.3) 11.2 (52.2) 10.4 (50.7) 5.0 (41) 1.2 (34.2) −5.7 (21.7) −6.3 (20.7) −11.0 (12.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 65.4 (2.575) 50.4 (1.984) 40.3 (1.587) 58.5 (2.303) 47.3 (1.862) 25.0 (0.984) 12.2 (0.48) 25.8 (1.016) 38.2 (1.504) 75.9 (2.988) 59.2 (2.331) 59.4 (2.339) 557.6 (21.953)

Average precipitation days 5.4 4.3 4.2 6.0 5.5 3.8 2.3 3.5 4.4 4.8 4.5 5.3 54.0

Average snowy days 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 2.5

Average relative humidity (%) 70 68 64 64 66 62 59 63 68 73 71 71 66.6

Mean monthly sunshine hours 141.2 160.8 209.6 218.0 235.8 268.9 298.2 267.4 222.2 167.6 149.2 126.1 2,464.9

Source #1: Météo France[2][3]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[4]

Transport[edit]

Roads

The motorway A9 connects Perpignan
Perpignan
with Barcelona
Barcelona
and Montpellier.

Trains

Perpignan
Perpignan
is served by the Gare de Perpignan
Gare de Perpignan
railway station, which offers connections to Paris, Barcelona, Toulouse, and several regional destinations. Salvador Dalí
Salvador Dalí
proclaimed it to be the "Center of the Universe" after experiencing a vision of cosmogonic ecstasy there in 1963.[5]

Airport

The nearest airport is Perpignan– Rivesaltes
Rivesaltes
Airport. Toponymy[edit]

Attested forms

The name of Perpignan
Perpignan
appears in 927 as Perpinianum, followed in 959 by Villa Perpiniano, Pirpinianum in the 11th century, Perpiniani in 1176. Perpenyà, which appears in the 13th century, is the most common form until the 15th century, and was still used in the 17th century. History[edit] See also: Timeline of Perpignan Though settlement in the area goes back to Roman times, the medieval town of Perpignan
Perpignan
seems to have been founded around the beginning of the 10th century. Soon Perpignan
Perpignan
became the capital of the counts of Roussillon. Historically, it was part of the region known as Septimania. In 1172 Count Girard II bequeathed his lands to the Counts of Barcelona. Perpignan
Perpignan
acquired the institutions of a partly self-governing commune in 1197. French feudal rights over Roussillon were given up by Louis IX in the Treaty of Corbeil. When James I the Conqueror, king of Aragon and count of Barcelona, founded the Kingdom of Majorca
Kingdom of Majorca
in 1276, Perpignan
Perpignan
became the capital of the mainland territories of the new state. The succeeding decades are considered the golden age in the history of the city. It prospered as a centre of cloth manufacture, leather work, goldsmiths' work, and other luxury crafts. King Philippe III of France
France
died there in 1285, as he was returning from his unsuccessful crusade against the Aragonese Crown. In 1344 Peter IV of Aragon
Peter IV of Aragon
annexed the Kingdom of Majorca
Kingdom of Majorca
and Perpignan
Perpignan
once more became part of the County of Barcelona. A few years later it lost approximately half of its population to the Black Death. It was attacked and occupied by Louis XI of France
France
in 1463; a violent uprising against French rule in 1473 was harshly put down after a long siege, but in 1493 Charles VIII of France, wishing to conciliate Castile in order to free himself to invade Italy, restored it to Ferdinand II of Aragon. Again besieged and captured by the French during the Thirty Years' War in September 1642, Perpignan
Perpignan
was formally ceded by Spain
Spain
17 years later in the Treaty of the Pyrenees, and from then on remained a French possession. Perpignan
Perpignan
is one of the houses of Lancaster Girls' Grammar School, a grammar school in its twin city of Lancaster, England. Government and politics[edit] Mayors[edit]

Mayor Term start Term end

Edmond Benoit July 1910 May 1911

Léon Nérel May 1911 May 1912

Joseph Denis May 1912 May 1929

Victor Dalbiez May 1929 May 1935

Jean Payra May 1935 29 May 1937 (death)

Laurent Baudru June 1937 December 1940

Antoine Castillon December 1940 March 1941

Ferdinand Coudray March 1941 August 1944

Félix Mercader August 1944 11 March 1949 (death)

Félix Depardon April 1949 March 1959

Paul Alduy March 1959 May 1993

Jean-Paul Alduy June 1993 27 April 2009 (election of 2008 cancelled)

Bernard Bacou (retired magistrate acting as mayor) 27 April 2009 5 July 2009

Jean-Paul Alduy 5 July 2009 15 October 2009 (resignation)

Jean-Marc Pujol 22 October 2009

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France

Twin towns – sister cities

Perpignan
Perpignan
is twinned with:

Hanover, Germany, since 1960[6] Lancaster, England, United Kingdom, since 1962[7] Lake Charles, Louisiana, United States, since 1993

Sarasota, Florida, United States, since 1994[8] Tyre, Lebanon, since 1997 Lleida, Catalonia, Spain
Spain
since 2005

Partner towns

Girona, Catalonia, Spain, since 1988 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, since 1994 Figueres, Catalonia, Spain, since 1996

Ma'alot-Tarshiha, Israel, since 1998 Tavira, Portugal, since 2001

Population and society[edit]

Perpignan
Perpignan
street name sign in French and Catalan.

Demography[edit]

Events[edit]

The famous "Sanch Procession" folklore, once forbidden by the Church, is still celebrated in Perpignan, Arles-sur-Tech, and Collioure.

Since 2004, the free three-day Guitares au Palais is held each year in the last weekend of August in the Palace of the Kings of Majorca. The festival has a broad mainstream focus with pop-related music as well as traditional acoustic guitar music and alternative music. The festival has attracted international guests like Caetano Veloso (2007), Rumberos Catalans, Pedro Soler, Bernardo Sandoval, Peter Finger, and Aaron and Bryce Dessner
Aaron and Bryce Dessner
(2008). Each September, Perpignan
Perpignan
hosts the internationally-renowned VISA Festival of Photojournalism. Free exhibitions are mounted in the Couvent des Minimes, Chapelle des Dominicaines and other buildings in the old town.[9] In 2008, Perpignan
Perpignan
became Capital of Catalan Culture.[10] In Perpignan many street name signs are in both French and Catalan. Sport[edit]

Rugby side Catalans Dragons' Stade Gilbert Brutus.

Like the rest of the south of France, Perpignan
Perpignan
is a rugby stronghold: their rugby union side, USAP Perpignan, is a regular competitor in the global elite Heineken Cup
Heineken Cup
and seven times champion of the French Top 14 (most recently in 2009). A Perpignan-based rugby league club plays in Northern Hemisphere's Super League
Super League
under the name Catalans Dragons. The Dragons' games in Perpignan
Perpignan
against the Northern English-based sides are usually very popular with British rugby fans, with thousand of them descending on the city on the day of the game, including lots of vacationing rugby fans travelling up from the Spanish Costa Brava joining the ones who came directly from home. Economy[edit] Traditional commerce was in wine, olive oil, corks (the cork oak Quercus suber grows in Perpignan's mild climate), wool, leather, and iron. In May 1907 it was a seat of agitation by southern producers for government enforcement of wine quality following a collapse in prices. JOB rolling papers
JOB rolling papers
are currently manufactured in Perpignan. Sites of interest[edit] The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist was begun in 1324 and finished in 1509.[11] The 13th century Palace of the Kings of Majorca
Palace of the Kings of Majorca
sits on the high citadel, surrounded by ramparts, reinforced for Louis XI and Charles V, which were updated in the 17th century by Louis XIV's military engineer Vauban. The walls surrounding the town, which had been designed by Vauban, were razed in 1904 to accommodate urban development. The main city door, the Castillet is a small fortress built in the 14th century, which has been preserved. It had also been used as a prison until the end of the 19th century.[12] The Hôtel Pams
Hôtel Pams
is a lavishly-decorated mansion designed for Jules Pams that illustrates the artistic taste of the wealthy bourgeois at the turn of the 20th century.[13]

Place de la République and theatre

Sadi Carnot and Vauban
Vauban
walkways and the river Bassa

Notable people linked to Perpignan[edit]

Natives

Anna Maria Antigó
Anna Maria Antigó
(1602-1676), abbess Menachem Meiri
Menachem Meiri
(1249–c. 1310), Catalan rabbi, Talmudist, and Maimonidean. Louise Labé
Louise Labé
(1524–1566), Lyons poet of the Renaissance
Renaissance
who, at the siege of Perpignan, or in a tournament there, is said to have dressed in male clothing and fought on horseback in the ranks of the Dauphin, afterwards Henry II. Hyacinthe Rigaud
Hyacinthe Rigaud
(1659–1743), painted the definitive portraits of Louis XIV. François de Fossa
François de Fossa
(1775–1849), classical guitarist and composer. François Arago
François Arago
(1786–1853), physicist, astronomer, and liberal politician who secured the abolition of slavery in the French colonies in 1853, was born in the nearby village of Estagel
Estagel
and is memorialized in the eponymous Place Arago that bears his statue in the centre of the town. Amédée Artus (1815–1892), composer and conductor. Alexandre Artus
Alexandre Artus
(1821–1911), brother of Amédée, also a composer and conductor. Eugène Collache
Eugène Collache
(1847–1883), French Navy
French Navy
officer, only known French samurai in Japan. Aristide Maillol
Aristide Maillol
(1861–1944), French Catalan sculptor and painter. Bronzes in the Garden of Tuileries, Paris
Paris
and at the Metropolitan Museum, NYC. André Marty (1886–1956), communist leader. Mary Elmes
Mary Elmes
(1908-2002), Irish aid worker that was honoured as Righteous Among the Nations
Righteous Among the Nations
for saving the lives of more than 200 Jewish children during the Second World War. Robert Brasillach
Robert Brasillach
(1909–1945), fascist author and journalist, executed for advocating collaboration with Nazi Germany
Germany
during World War II. Philippe Georget (born 1962), novelist Isabelle Pasco (born 1966), actress Frédérick Bousquet
Frédérick Bousquet
(born 1981), French freestyle and butterfly swimmer who competed at three consecutive Summer Olympics (2000, 2004, and 2008). Sandrine Erdely-Sayo (born 1968) pianist – youngest recipient of the French Minister of Culture Prize at 13 years old. She lives in Philadelphia where she became National Interest for the United States.

Others

Perpignan
Perpignan
has a close connection with the sculptor Aristide Maillol, who attended school there. Following a visit in 1963, the Spanish surrealist artist Salvador Dalí declared the city's railway station the centre of the Universe, saying that he always got his best ideas sitting in its waiting room. Dalí's painting La Gare de Perpignan
Gare de Perpignan
commemorates his vision of "cosmogonic ecstasy" there on September 19, 1963.[14] He followed that up some years later by declaring that the Iberian Peninsula rotated precisely at Perpignan
Perpignan
station 132 million years ago – an event the artist invoked in his 1983 painting Topological Abduction of Europe – Homage to René Thom.[15] Above the station is a monument in Dali's honour, and across the surface of one of the main platforms is painted, in big letters, «perpignan centre du monde» (French for "perpignan centre of the world").[16]

Perpignan
Perpignan
train station

Gallery[edit]

Le Castillet

Bridge over river Basse

Mermaids fountain

Town Centre

Château Roussillon: tower of the old castle (13th and 14th centuries)

Château Roussillon: Sainte-Marie and Saint-Pierre chapel (11th and 12th centuries)

Cathédrale Saint-Jean

Perpignan
Perpignan
Cathedral

François Arago
François Arago
Lyceum

Panoramic view of the Perpignan
Perpignan
Cathedral

Palace of the King of Mallorca

The bridge

The altar of the church

See also[edit]

Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales
Pyrénées-Orientales
department

References[edit]

^ Fabricio Cardenas. "Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales: Inondations en novembre 1892". Vieuxpapierspo.blogspot.fr. Retrieved 2016-12-17.  ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Perpignan" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ "Climat Languedoc-Roussillon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Perpignan
Perpignan
- Rivesaltes
Rivesaltes
(66) - altitude 42m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ Coppens, Philip. "Salvador Dalí: painting the fourth dimension". Retrieved 2012-06-18.  ^ "Hanover – Twin Towns". Hanover.de (in German). Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2009.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 July 2013.  ^ "Sarasota Sister Cities Association, Sarasota Florida". Sarasotasistercities.org. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2011.  ^ "Visa Pour l'Image". www.anglophone-direct.com. 22 August 2017.  ^ "VilaWeb - Diari escola: Perpinyа, Capital de la Cultura Catalana 2008". Vilaweb.cat. 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-12-17.  ^ "Cathédrale St Jean-Baptiste" [Cathedral of St. John the Baptist]. Histoire du Roussillon. Retrieved 15 November 2011.  (in French) ^ Fabricio Cardenas. "Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales: La prison du Castillet, 1892". Vieuxpapierspo.blogspot.fr. Retrieved 2016-12-17.  ^ Fiche Pédagogique - Hôtel Pams
Hôtel Pams
de Perpignan
Perpignan
(PDF) (in French), Association Pédagogique de la Plaine, du Vallespir et de la Côte Vermeille, retrieved 2015-12-31  ^ "Salvador Dali: painting the fourth dimension". Philipcoppens.com. Retrieved 2016-12-17.  ^ Elliott King in Dawn Adès (ed.), Dalí, Bompiani Arte, Milan, 2004, p. 448 ^ "Picture Gallery - Directory: /pix/fr/electric/emu/TGV/Duplex/misc". Railfaneurope.net. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Perpignan

Alícia Marcet, Histoire de Perpignan, la fidelíssima (1995), Perpinyà [Perpignan] : Llibres del Trabucaire, ISBN 9782905828613

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Perpignan.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Perpignan.

City council website (in Catalan) (in French) History of Perpignan
Perpignan
(in French) Perpignan
Perpignan
Tourist Office Museum guide Unofficial guide to Perpignan
Perpignan
Airport Companie Transports – Public Bus System (in French) INSEE commune file

v t e

Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales
Pyrénées-Orientales
department

L'Albère Alénya Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda Les Angles Angoustrine-Villeneuve-des-Escaldes Ansignan Arboussols Argelès-sur-Mer Arles-sur-Tech Ayguatébia-Talau Bages Baho Baillestavy Baixas Banyuls-dels-Aspres Banyuls-sur-Mer Le Barcarès La Bastide Bélesta Bolquère Bompas Boule-d'Amont Bouleternère Le Boulou Bourg-Madame Brouilla La Cabanasse Cabestany Caixas Calce Calmeilles Camélas Campôme Campoussy Canaveilles Canet-en-Roussillon Canohès Caramany Casefabre Cases-de-Pène Cassagnes Casteil Castelnou Catllar Caudiès-de-Conflent Caudiès-de-Fenouillèdes Cerbère Céret Claira Clara-Villerach Les Cluses Codalet Collioure Conat Corbère Corbère-les-Cabanes Corneilla-de-Conflent Corneilla-del-Vercol Corneilla-la-Rivière Corsavy Coustouges Dorres Égat Elne Enveitg Err Escaro Espira-de-Conflent Espira-de-l'Agly Estagel Estavar Estoher Eus Eyne Felluns Fenouillet Fillols Finestret Fontpédrouse Fontrabiouse Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via Formiguères Fosse Fourques Fuilla Glorianes Ille-sur-Têt Joch Jujols Lamanère Lansac Laroque-des-Albères Latour-Bas-Elne Latour-de-Carol Latour-de-France Lesquerde La Llagonne Llauro Llo Llupia Mantet Marquixanes Los Masos Matemale Maureillas-las-Illas Maury Millas Molitg-les-Bains Montalba-le-Château Montauriol Montbolo Montescot Montesquieu-des-Albères Montferrer Mont-Louis Montner Mosset Nahuja Néfiach Nohèdes Nyer Olette Oms Opoul-Périllos Oreilla Ortaffa Osséja Palau-de-Cerdagne Palau-del-Vidre Passa Perpignan Le Perthus Peyrestortes Pézilla-de-Conflent Pézilla-la-Rivière Pia Planès Planèzes Pollestres Ponteilla Porta Porté-Puymorens Port-Vendres Prades Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste Prats-de-Sournia Prugnanes Prunet-et-Belpuig Puyvalador Py Rabouillet Railleu Rasiguères Réal Reynès Ria-Sirach Rigarda Rivesaltes Rodès Sahorre Saillagouse Saint-André Saint-Arnac Saint-Cyprien Sainte-Colombe-de-la-Commanderie Sainte-Léocadie Sainte-Marie-la-Mer Saint-Estève Saint-Féliu-d'Amont Saint-Féliu-d'Avall Saint-Génis-des-Fontaines Saint-Hippolyte Saint-Jean-Lasseille Saint-Jean-Pla-de-Corts Saint-Laurent-de-Cerdans Saint-Laurent-de-la-Salanque Saint-Marsal Saint-Martin-de-Fenouillet Saint-Michel-de-Llotes Saint-Nazaire Saint-Paul-de-Fenouillet Saint-Pierre-dels-Forcats Saleilles Salses-le-Château Sansa Sauto Serdinya Serralongue Le Soler Sorède Souanyas Sournia Taillet Tarerach Targassonne Taulis Taurinya Tautavel Le Tech Terrats Théza Thuès-Entre-Valls Thuir Tordères Torreilles Toulouges Tresserre Trévillach Trilla Trouillas Ur Urbanya Valcebollère Valmanya Vernet-les-Bains Villefranche-de-Conflent Villelongue-de-la-Salanque Villelongue-dels-Monts Villemolaque Villeneuve-de-la-Raho Villeneuve-la-Rivière Vinça Vingrau Vira Vivès Le Vivier

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 137207669 LCCN: n80117451 GND: 4045226-8 SUDOC: 026553767 BNF:

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