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Perm
Perm
Krai (Russian: Пе́рмский край, tr. Permsky kray, IPA: [ˈpʲɛrmskʲɪj ˈkraj]) is a federal subject of Russia
Russia
(a krai) that came into existence on December 1, 2005 as a result of the 2004 referendum on the merger of Perm
Perm
Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. The city of Perm
Perm
is the administrative center. Population: 2,635,276 (2010 Census).[7] Komi-Permyak Okrug
Komi-Permyak Okrug
retained its autonomous status within Perm
Perm
Krai during the transitional period of 2006–2008. It also retained a budget separate from that of the krai, keeping all federal transfers. Starting in 2009, Komi-Permyak Okrug's budget became subject to the budgeting law of Perm
Perm
Krai. The transitional period was implemented in part because Komi-Permyak Okrug
Komi-Permyak Okrug
relies heavily on federal subsidies, and an abrupt cut would have been detrimental to its economy.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Rivers 1.2 Climate 1.3 Minerals 1.4 Flora and fauna

2 Politics 3 Administrative divisions 4 Law enforcement 5 Economy 6 Demographics

6.1 Demographics for 2007 6.2 Religion

7 Major attractions 8 References 9 Sources 10 External links

Geography[edit] Perm
Perm
Krai is located in the east of the East European Plain
East European Plain
and the western slope of the Middle Ural Mountains. 99.8% of its area is in Europe, 0.2% in Asia.

length from north to south – 645 kilometres (401 mi) length from west to east – 417.5 kilometres (259.4 mi)

The krai borders the Komi Republic
Komi Republic
in the north, Kirov Oblast
Kirov Oblast
in the northwest, the Udmurt Republic
Udmurt Republic
in the southwest, the Republic of Bashkortostan
Bashkortostan
in the south, and Sverdlovsk Oblast
Sverdlovsk Oblast
in the east. The krai borders stretch for over 2,200 kilometres (1,400 mi). The highest point is Mount Tulymsky Kamen
Tulymsky Kamen
at 1,496 metres (4,908 ft). Rivers[edit]

Chusovaya River

Vishera River

Rivers of Perm
Perm
Krai belong to the Kama River
Kama River
Basin, the largest tributary of Volga River. There are more than 29,000 rivers in Perm Krai. The total length of all rivers is more than 90,000 kilometres (56,000 mi). Only two rivers in Perm
Perm
Krai have lengths exceeding 500 kilometres (310 mi). They are the Kama River
Kama River
at 1,805 kilometres (1,122 mi) and the Chusovaya River, 592 kilometres (368 mi). There are about 40 rivers with lengths from 100 to 500 kilometres (62 to 311 mi). The longest of them are:

Sylva River
Sylva River
— 493 km (306 mi) Kolva River — 460 km (285 mi) Vishera River — 415 km (258 mi) Yayva River
Yayva River
— 403 km (250 mi) Kosva River
Kosva River
— 283 km (176 mi) Kosa River
Kosa River
— 267 km (165 mi) Veslyana River
Veslyana River
— 266 km (165 mi) Inva River
Inva River
— 257 km (159 mi) Obva River
Obva River
— 247 km (153 mi)

There are also many small rivers, but some of them have historical significance, for example Yegoshikha River, in mouth of which city Perm
Perm
was founded. Climate[edit] Perm
Perm
krai has a continental climate. Winters are long and snowy, with average temperatures in January varying from −18 °C (0 °F) in the northeast part of krai to −15 °C (5 °F) in southwest part. The record lowest recorded temperature was −53 °C (−63 °F) (in the north). Minerals[edit]

Salt dump in Solikamsk

Kungur Ice Cave

Perm
Perm
Krai is rich with minerals, that can be explained its diverse relief in mountainous and flat parts. There are produced: oil, natural gas, gold, diamonds, chromites, peat, limestone, building materials and others.[11] Oil in its area was first discovered in 1929 near settlement Verhnechusovskie Gorodki. Currently there are known more than 180 oil and gas fields. Among them are developed: 89 oil, 2 gas and 18 both oil and gas fields. Most of them are small and extracted in central and southern districts of krai. Northern fields a less developed because of deep lying of oil under salt layers. Coal has been mined in Perm
Perm
Krai for more than 200 years. For a long time it played an important role in the fuel and energy balance in the region. Maximum mining was in 1960 and reached 12 million tones, after it mining decrease and there are no exploration of new fields. In Perm
Perm
Krai is located Verkhnekamskoye deposit of potassium salts, one of the largest in the world. Its area is approx. 1,800 km² and the thickness of the salt layers reaches 514 m. Flora and fauna[edit] Forests cover about 71% of Perm
Perm
krai's area. Predominant are coniferous forests, percentage of deciduous forests increase from north to south. There are 62 species of mammals, more than 270 species of birds, 39 species of fishes, 6 species of reptile and 9 species of amphibians. Three nature reserves are located in Perm
Perm
Krai: Basegi, Vishera, Preduralie. Politics[edit]

Perm
Perm
Krai Legislative Assembly, July 2010

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Perm
Perm
CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament. The Charter of Perm
Perm
Krai is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Perm
Perm
Krai is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia. Administrative divisions[edit]

Welcome sign at the border of Chernushinsky District

Main article: Administrative divisions of Perm
Perm
Krai Administratively, the krai is divided into thirty-three districts, fourteen cities of krai significance, and one closed administrative-territorial formation. Six administrative districts are grouped into Komi-Permyak Okrug, which is an administrative unit with special status formed within Perm
Perm
Krai as a result of the 2005 merger of Perm
Perm
Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, both of which used to be the federal subjects. Municipally, the territories of all administrative districts and those of nine cities of krai significance are incorporated as municipal districts. The remaining five cities are incorporated as urban okrugs. Law enforcement[edit]

Perm
Perm
Krai MVD's Directorate of Perm
Perm
Krai

Motto служа закону, Служим народу by serving the law, we serve the people

Agency overview

Legal personality Governmental: Government agency

Jurisdictional structure

Governing body MVD

General nature

Law enforcement Local civilian police

Operational structure

Headquarters Komsomolskiy Pr. 74, Perm

Elected officer responsible Yuri Velyaev, Chief of Police

Parent agency MVD

Child agency Politsiya

Notables

Award 1918

Website

Official Website

The Directorate of the Ministry for Internal Affairs in Perm
Perm
Krai (ГУ МВД России по Пермскому краю) or the Police of Perm
Perm
(Полиция Перми) is the main law enforcement agency of the government of Perm
Perm
Krai, Russia. It is answerable to the regional MVD
MVD
and the governor of Perm
Perm
Krai. The chief of police is Yuri Valyaev. Economy[edit] Nonferrous metallurgy is based on ore processing Verkhnekamskoye potash deposit containing magnesium and rare metals. The factories are located in Berezniki
Berezniki
(Titanium Magnesium
Magnesium
Plant Corporation VSMPO) and Solikamsk
Solikamsk
(JSC Solikamsk
Solikamsk
magnesium plant). In engineering plays an important role military production. The largest center of engineering is Perm; manufactured aircraft and rocket engines, oil field and mining equipment, Petrol motive-powered saws, communication equipment, vessels, cable and other products. The largest enterprises are Motovilikha Plants
Motovilikha Plants
and Perm
Perm
Motors. Timber Complex edge based on the use of the richest forest resources of Prikamye. Logging facilities are located mainly in the north of the region. Demographics[edit]

Kamskaya Hydroelectric power plant, Perm

According to the 2010 Census, the population of Perm
Perm
Krai is 2,635,276;[7] down from 2,819,421 recorded in the 2002 Census,[12] and further down from 3,099,994 recorded in the 1989 Census.[13] Ethnic groups, as of the 2010 Census, are:[7] Russians
Russians
(87.1%), Komi-Permyaks (3.2%), Tatars
Tatars
(4.6%), Bashkirs
Bashkirs
(1,3%), Ukrainians (0,6%), Udmurts
Udmurts
(0,8%), Belarusians
Belarusians
(0,3%), Germans (0,3%) and others. Additionally, 119,538 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[14] There are about 40,740 Bashkirs
Bashkirs
is Perm
Perm
Krai, according to the 2002 Census. Most of them live in Bardymsky District, in basin of Tulva River and belong to tribe gaina. Tatars
Tatars
live in almost all settlements of Perm
Perm
Krai. There are several different ethnographical groups of Tatar people. In this territory there were longtime active contacts between Tatars
Tatars
and Bashkins, so in some cases it is difficult to delineate the ethnic groups, especially in such areas as Kuyedinsky District
Kuyedinsky District
and Tulva River basin.[15][16] Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

Birth Rate: 12.05 per 1000 Death Rate: 15.70 per 1000 Net Immigration: -1.0 per 1000 NGR: -0.37% per Year PGR: -0.48% per Year

Vital statistics for 2012

Births: 38 847 (14.8 per 1000) Deaths: 37 278 (14.2 per 1000) [17] Total fertility rate: 1.91

Death rates in some of the remote and rural areas in Perm
Perm
Krai are very high, never seen before during times other than major wars or natural calamities. Just five districts out of a total of 47 have a surplus of births over death in Perm
Perm
Krai. The birth rate in Perm
Perm
Krai is much higher compared to other European regions. For example, the birth rate for Germany was 8.3 per 1000 in 2007. Perm
Perm
as a whole is having 50% higher birth rate, and even the district with the lowest birth rate is having 20% higher BR compared to Germany. In 2008, the birth rate in Perm
Perm
Krai was 8% higher than that of 2007. Close to 35.5 thousand births were recorded with the heaviest increases in City of Perm
Perm
(+11%) and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug (+18%). Among the districts, Kudymkar City recorded a 46% rise in birth rates for 2008 compared to 2007, while Usolsky recorded a 31% rise and Kyshertsky recorded a 29% rise. In 13 of the districts, there were more births than deaths, among them Ordynsky, Karagaysky, Kudimkar, Chernushynsky, Chaykovsky & Permsky.[18] Total fertility rate:[19][20] 1995 - 1,31 2000 - 1,26 2005 - 1,34 2006 - 1,34 2007 - 1,47 2008 - 1,57 2009 - 1,61 2010 - 1,77 2011 - 1,78 2012 - 1,91 2013 - 1,93 2014 - 1,98 2015 - 2,02 2016 - 1,99(e) Demographics for 2007[edit] [21]

District Population Births Deaths BR DR NGR

Perm
Perm
Krai 2,718,227 32,747 42,680 12.05 15.70 -0.37%

Bolshesosnovsky 14,292 219 268 15.32 18.75 -0.34%

Vereshchagynsky 43,410 710 744 16.36 17.14 -0.08%

Gornozavodsky 27,885 396 582 14.20 20.87 -0.65%

Yelovsky 12,299 176 229 14.31 18.62 -0.43%

Kochevsky 12,356 181 196 14.65 15.86 -0.12%

Ilyinsky 20,311 278 408 13.69 20.09 -0.64%

Karagaysky 23,907 360 381 15.06 15.94 -0.08%

Kishertsky 14,578 158 280 10.84 19.21 -0.83%

Krasnovishersky 26,287 335 455 12.74 17.31 -0.45%

Kuyedinsky 30,576 446 489 14.59 15.99 -0.14%

Kungursky 46,370 727 720 15.68 15.53 0.01%

Kudymkarsky 27,922 429 676 15.36 24.21 -0.88%

Nitvensky 45,552 656 858 14.40 18.84 -0.44%

Oktyabrsky 34,789 481 585 13.83 16.82 -0.30%

Ordinsky 16,185 247 241 15.26 14.89 0.04%

Osinsky 32,074 410 550 12.78 17.15 -0.44%

Okhansky 17,180 202 359 11.76 20.90 -0.91%

Ochyorsky 24,651 366 455 14.85 18.46 -0.36%

Permsky 87,342 1,275 1,383 14.60 15.83 -0.12%

Sivinsky 16,797 297 266 17.68 15.84 0.18%

Solikamsky 17,637 203 265 11.51 15.03 -0.35%

Suksunsky 20,925 294 349 14.05 16.68 -0.26%

Uynsky 12,631 180 212 14.25 16.78 -0.25%

Usolsky 13,788 176 299 12.76 21.69 -0.88%

Chastinsky 14,450 207 254 14.33 17.58 -0.33%

Cherdynsky 32,522 342 542 10.52 16.67 -0.61%

Gaynsky 16,106 214 268 13.29 16.64 -0.33%

Chernushinsky 52,231 811 638 15.53 12.21 0.33%

Perm 987,246 10,094 13,167 10.22 13.34 -0.31%

Alexandrovsky 34,554 427 662 12.36 19.16 -0.68%

Berezniki 165,950 1,822 2,484 10.98 14.97 -0.40%

Gremyachinsky 15,075 178 367 11.81 24.34 -1.25%

Gubakhinsky 40,086 448 826 11.18 20.61 -0.92%

Dobryansky 61,365 792 950 12.91 15.48 -0.26%

Kizelovsky 30,837 381 827 12.36 26.82 -1.43%

Krasnokamsky 40,393 816 1,264 20.20 31.29 -0.64%

Kungur 68,074 872 981 12.81 14.41 -0.16%

Lysvensky 82,921 1,016 1,598 12.25 19.27 -0.70%

Solikamsk 97,269 1,165 1,464 11.98 15.05 -0.30%

Chaykovsky 108,617 1,374 1,332 12.65 12.26 0.04%

Chusovskoy 73,314 879 1,531 11.99 20.88 -0.89%

Yurlinsky 11,046 200 253 18.11 22.90 -0.48%

Kosinsky 7,716 130 160 16.85 20.74 -0.38%

Yusvinsky 22,626 288 475 12.73 20.99 -0.82%

Kudymkar 30,964 385 511 12.43 16.50 -0.40%

Bardymsky 27,529 361 537 13.11 19.51 -0.64%

Beryozovsky 17,901 230 281 12.85 15.70 -0.28%

Religion[edit]

Religion in Perm
Perm
Krai as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[22][23]

Russian Orthodoxy

43%

Other Orthodox

1%

Old Believers

0.5%

Other Christians

5.3%

Islam

4.1%

Rodnovery
Rodnovery
and other native faiths

1.5%

Spiritual but not religious

23.9%

Atheism
Atheism
and irreligion

14%

Other and undeclared

6.7%

As of a 2012 survey[22] 43% of the population of Perm
Perm
Krai adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5% declares to be generically unaffiliated Christian, 4% are Muslims, 2% are Rodnovers
Rodnovers
(Slavic folk religion), 1% are Old Believers, 1% Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to churches or are members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, 8% follows other religion or did not give an answer to the survey. In addition, 24% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious" and 14% to be either atheist or not religious.[22]

Major attractions[edit]

Perm
Perm
State Art Gallery

Khokhlovka

Perm
Perm
Krai is home of several museums:

Perm
Perm
State Art Galery Perm
Perm
Museum of Local History Museum of Motovilikha Plants Architectural-Ethnographic Museum Khokhlovka
Khokhlovka
and others.

Numerous architectural monuments are located in the small town of Usolye, in north of Perm
Perm
Krai. Particularly important are the Saviour Cathedral, with a separate bell tower, and House of Stroganov. There are many theaters in Perm, including the Perm
Perm
Opera and Ballet Theater, the Perm
Perm
Academic Theater, the Puppet Theater, the Theater for Young Spectators, the Theater "Near Bridge", and others. There are many temples and convents in Perm
Perm
Krai. The most significant of them are: Belogorsky Convent
Belogorsky Convent
located in 85 km from Perm, Sludskaya Church, Fedosievskaya Church, Perm
Perm
Mosque and others. Ordinsky is home to the Orda underwater caves. Located near Orda village in Perm
Perm
region, Ural, Orda Cave
Orda Cave
is also the biggest underwater gypsum crystal cave in the world. References[edit]

^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.). ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. ( Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ). ^ Федеральный конституционный закон №1-ФКЗ от 25 марта 2004 г «Об образовании в составе Российской Федерации нового субъекта Российской Федерации в результате объединения Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа», в ред. федерального конституционного закона №1-ФКЗ от 12 апреля 2006 г. (Federal Constitutional Law #1-FKZ of March 25, 2004 On Establishment Within the Russian Federation of a New Federal Subject of the Russian Federation as a Result of the Merger of Perm
Perm
Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Federal Constitutional Law #1-FKZ of April 12, 2006. ). ^ Charter, Article 15.3 ^ Charter, Article 15.4 ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All- Russia
Russia
Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.  ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia. ^ Полезные ископаемые Archived October 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936 ^ Статья о башкирах на сайте РОО "Хомай" Archived February 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ ТАТАРЫ. Энциклопедия «Пермский край» Archived October 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm ^ http://www.regnum.ru/news/1114845.html ^ http://permstat.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_ts/permstat/ru/statistics/population/ ^ http://www.gks.ru/bgd/regl/b12_50/Main.htm ^ http://dmr.perm.ru/?/katalog.dirx2x79x143.205*xls[permanent dead link] ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources[edit]

Законодательное Собрание Пермского края. №32-ПК 27 апреля 2007 г. «Устав Пермского края». (Legislative Assembly of Perm Krai. #32-PK April 27, 2007 Charter of Perm
Perm
Krai. ).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Perm
Perm
Krai.

Official website of Perm
Perm
Krai (in Russian) Perm
Perm
Chamber of Commerce and Industry Perm
Perm
State University Tourist Resources of Perm
Perm
Krai[permanent dead link] Official Website in Russian Traffic police in Perm
Perm
Krai

v t e

Subdivisions of Russia

Federal subjects

Republics

Adygea Altai Bashkortostan Buryatia Chechnya Chuvashia Crimea1 Dagestan Ingushetia Kabardino-Balkaria Kalmykia Karachay-Cherkessia Karelia Khakassia Komi Mari El Mordovia North Ossetia-Alania Sakha Tatarstan Tuva Udmurtia

Krais

Altai Kamchatka Khabarovsk Krasnodar Krasnoyarsk Perm Primorsky Stavropol Zabaykalsky

Oblasts

Amur Arkhangelsk Astrakhan Belgorod Bryansk Chelyabinsk Irkutsk Ivanovo Kaliningrad Kaluga Kemerovo Kirov Kostroma Kurgan Kursk Leningrad Lipetsk Magadan Moscow Murmansk Nizhny Novgorod Novgorod Novosibirsk Omsk Orenburg Oryol Penza Pskov Rostov Ryazan Sakhalin Samara Saratov Smolensk Sverdlovsk Tambov Tomsk Tula Tver Tyumen Ulyanovsk Vladimir Volgograd Vologda Voronezh Yaroslavl

Federal cities

Moscow St. Petersburg Sevastopol1

Autonomous oblast

Jewish

Autonomous okrugs

Chukotka Khanty-Mansi2 Nenets3 Yamalo-Nenets2

1Claimed by Ukraine
Ukraine
and considered by most of the international community to be part of Ukraine 2Administratively subordinated to Tyumen Oblast 3Administratively subordinated to Arkhangelsk Oblast

Internal additional non-constitutional divisions by different institutions

Economic regions (by Ministry of Economic Development) Military districts (by Ministry of Defence) Federal districts (by President) Judicial districts (by law "On ar

.