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Edson Arantes do Nascimento (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈɛtsõ (w)ɐˈɾɐ̃tʃiz du nɐsiˈmẽtu]; born 23 October 1940), known as Pelé
Pelé
([peˈlɛ]), is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who played as a forward. He is widely regarded as the greatest football player of all time. In 1999, he was voted World Player of the Century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS). That same year, Pelé
Pelé
was elected Athlete of the Century by the International Olympic Committee. According to the IFFHS, Pelé
Pelé
is the most successful league goal-scorer in the world, scoring 1281 goals in 1363 games, which included unofficial friendlies and tour games. During his playing days, Pelé
Pelé
was for a period the best-paid athlete in the world. Pelé
Pelé
began playing for Santos at age 15 and the Brazil
Brazil
national football team at 16. During his international career, he won three FIFA
FIFA
World Cups: 1958, 1962 and 1970, being the only player ever to do so. Pelé
Pelé
is the all-time leading goalscorer for Brazil
Brazil
with 77 goals in 92 games. At club level he is the record goalscorer for Santos, and led them to the 1962 and 1963 Copa Libertadores. Pelé's "electrifying play and penchant for spectacular goals" made him a star around the world, and his teams toured internationally in order to take full advantage of his popularity. Since retiring in 1977, Pelé
Pelé
has been a worldwide ambassador for football and has made many acting and commercial ventures. In 2010, he was named the Honorary President of the New York Cosmos. Pelé
Pelé
has also been known for connecting the phrase "The Beautiful Game" with football. A prolific goalscorer, Pelé
Pelé
was known for his ability to strike powerful and accurate shots with both feet in addition to anticipating his opponents' movements on the field. Early in his career, he played in a variety of attacking formations and would use his dribbling skills to go past opponents. In his later career, he played in a playmaking role behind offensive strikers. In Brazil, he is hailed as a national hero for his accomplishments in football and for his outspoken support of policies that improve the social conditions of the poor. Throughout his career and in his retirement, Pelé
Pelé
received several individual and team awards for his performance in the field, his record-breaking achievements, and legacy in the sport.

Contents

1 Early years 2 Club career

2.1 Santos 2.2 New York Cosmos

3 International career

3.1 1958 World Cup 3.2 South American Championship 3.3 1962 World Cup 3.4 1966 World Cup 3.5 1970 World Cup

4 Style of play 5 Reception and legacy

5.1 Accolades

6 Personal life

6.1 Relationships and children 6.2 Politics 6.3 Health

7 After football 8 Honours

8.1 International 8.2 Club 8.3 Individual

9 Personal records 10 Career statistics

10.1 Club 10.2 International 10.3 Summary

11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 Bibliography 15 External links

Early years[edit] Pelé
Pelé
was born on 23 October 1940, in Três Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil, the son of Fluminense footballer Dondinho
Dondinho
(born João Ramos do Nascimento) and Celeste Arantes. He was the elder of two siblings.[1] He was named after the American inventor Thomas Edison.[2] His parents decided to remove the "i" and call him "Edson", but there was a mistake on the birth certificate, leading many documents to show his name as "Edison", not "Edson", as he is called.[2][3] He was originally nicknamed "Dico" by his family.[1][4] He received the nickname "Pelé" during his school days, when it is claimed he was given it because of his pronunciation of the name of his favorite player, local Vasco da Gama goalkeeper Bilé, which he misspoke but the more he complained the more it stuck. In his autobiography, Pelé stated he had no idea what the name means, nor did his old friends.[1] Apart from the assertion that the name is derived from that of Bilé, and that it is Hebrew
Hebrew
for "miracle" (פֶּ֫לֶא), the word has no known meaning in Portuguese.[note 1][5] Pelé
Pelé
grew up in poverty in Bauru
Bauru
in the state of São Paulo. He earned extra money by working in tea shops as a servant. Taught to play by his father, he could not afford a proper football and usually played with either a sock stuffed with newspaper and tied with a string or a grapefruit.[6][1] He played for several amateur teams in his youth, including Sete de Setembro, Canto do Rio, São Paulinho, and Amériquinha.[7] Pelé
Pelé
led Bauru
Bauru
Athletic Club juniors (coached by Waldemar de Brito) to two São Paulo
São Paulo
state youth championships.[8] In his mid-teens, he played for an indoor football team called Radium. Indoor football had just become popular in Bauru
Bauru
when Pelé
Pelé
began playing it. He was part of the first Futebol de Salão
Futebol de Salão
(indoor football) competition in the region. Pelé
Pelé
and his team won the first championship and several others.[9] According to Pelé, indoor football presented difficult challenges; he said it was a lot quicker than football on the grass and that players were required to think faster because everyone is close to each other in the pitch. Pelé
Pelé
accredits indoor football for helping him think better on the spot. In addition, indoor football allowed him to play with adults when he was about 14 years old. In one of the tournaments he participated, he was initially considered too young to play, but eventually went on to end up top scorer with fourteen or fifteen goals. "That gave me a lot of confidence", Pelé
Pelé
said, "I knew then not to be afraid of whatever might come".[9] Club career[edit] Santos[edit] In 1956, de Brito took Pelé
Pelé
to Santos, an industrial and port city located near São Paulo, to try out for professional club Santos FC, telling the directors at Santos that the 15-year-old would be "the greatest football player in the world."[10] Pelé
Pelé
impressed Santos coach Lula during his trial at the Estádio Vila Belmiro, and he signed a professional contract with the club in June 1956.[11] Pelé was highly promoted in the local media as a future superstar. He made his senior team debut on 7 September 1956 at the age of 15 against Corinthians Santo Andre and had an impressive performance in a 7–1 victory, scoring the first goal in his prolific career during the match.[12][13] When the 1957 season started, Pelé
Pelé
was given a starting place in the first team and, at the age of 16, became the top scorer in the league. Ten months after signing professionally, the teenager was called up to the Brazil
Brazil
national team. After the 1962 World Cup, wealthy European clubs such as Real Madrid, Juventus
Juventus
and Manchester United tried to sign him, but the government of Brazil
Brazil
under President Jânio Quadros had declared Pelé
Pelé
an "official national treasure" the year before to prevent him from being transferred out of the country.[6][14]

Pelé
Pelé
with Santos in the Netherlands, October 1962

Pelé
Pelé
won his first major title with Santos in 1958 as the team won the Campeonato Paulista; Pelé
Pelé
would finish the tournament as top scorer with 58 goals,[15] a record that stands today. A year later, he would help the team earn their first victory in the Torneio Rio-São Paulo with a 3–0 over Vasco da Gama.[16] However, Santos was unable to retain the Paulista title. In 1960, Pelé
Pelé
scored 33 goals to help his team regain the Campeonato Paulista trophy but lost out on the Rio- São Paulo
São Paulo
tournament after finishing in 8th place.[17] In the 1960 season, Pelé
Pelé
scored 47 goals and helped Santos retain the Campeonato Paulista. The club went on to win the Taça Brasil that same year, beating Bahia in the finals; Pelé
Pelé
finished as top scorer of the tournament with 9 goals. The victory allowed Santos to participate in the Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious club tournament in the Western hemisphere.[18]

"I arrived hoping to stop a great man, but I went away convinced I had been undone by someone who was not born on the same planet as the rest of us."

—Benfica goalkeeper Costa Pereira
Costa Pereira
following the loss to Santos in 1962.[19]

Santos's most successful Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
season started in 1962;[20] the team was seeded in Group One alongside Cerro Porteño
Cerro Porteño
and Deportivo Municipal Bolivia, winning every match of their group but one (a 1–1 away tie versus Cerro). Santos defeated Universidad Católica in the semifinals and met defending champions Peñarol in the finals. Pelé
Pelé
scored twice in the playoff match to secure the first title for a Brazilian club.[21] Pelé
Pelé
finished as the second top scorer of the competition with four goals. That same year, Santos would successfully defend the Campeonato Brasileiro (with 37 goals from Pelé) and the Taça Brasil ( Pelé
Pelé
scoring four goals in the final series against Botafogo). Santos would also win the 1962 Intercontinental Cup against Benfica.[22] Wearing his number 10 shirt, Pelé
Pelé
produced one of the best performances of his career, scoring a hat-trick in Lisbon
Lisbon
as Santos won 5–2.[23][24] As the defending champions, Santos qualified automatically to the semi-final stage of the 1963 Copa Libertadores. The ballet blanco, the nickname given to Santos for Pelé, managed to retain the title after victories over Botafogo
Botafogo
and Boca Juniors. Pelé
Pelé
helped Santos overcome a Botafogo team that contained Brazilian legends such as Garrincha
Garrincha
and Jairzinho with a last-minute goal in the first leg of the semi-finals which made it 1–1. In the second leg, Pelé
Pelé
scored a hat-trick in the Estádio do Maracanã as Santos won, 0–4, in the second leg. Santos started the final series by winning, 3–2, in the first leg and defeating Boca Juniors
Boca Juniors
1–2, in La Bombonera. It was a rare feat in official competitions, with another goal from Pelé.[25] Santos became the first (and to date the only) Brazilian team to lift the Copa Libertadores in Argentine soil. Pelé
Pelé
finished the tournament with 5 goals. Santos lost the Campeonato Paulista after finishing in third place but went on to win the Rio- São Paulo
São Paulo
tournament after a 0–3 win over Flamengo in the final, with Pelé
Pelé
scoring one goal. Pelé would also help Santos retain the Intercontinental Cup and the Taça Brasil against Milan and Bahia respectively.[22]

Pelé
Pelé
is the all-time leading scorer with Santos.

In the 1964 Copa Libertadores, Santos were beaten in both legs of the semi-finals by Independiente. The club won the Campeonato Paulista, with Pelé
Pelé
netting 34 goals. Santos also shared the Rio-São Paulo title with Botafogo
Botafogo
and won the Taça Brasil for the fourth consecutive year. In the 1965 Copa Libertadores, Santos reached the semi-finals and met Peñarol in a rematch of the 1962 final. After two matches, a playoff was needed to break the tie.[26] Unlike 1962, Peñarol came out on top and eliminated Santos 2–1.[26] Pelé
Pelé
would, however, finish as the topscorer of the tournament with eight goals.[27] This proved to be the start of a decline as Santos failed to retain the Torneio Rio-São Paulo. In 1966, Pelé
Pelé
and Santos also failed to retain the Taça Brasil as Pelé's goals were not enough to prevent a 9–4 defeat by Cruzeiro (led by Tostão) in the final series. The club did, however, win the Campeonato Paulista in 1967, 1968 and 1969. On 19 November 1969, Pelé
Pelé
scored his 1000th goal in all competitions, in what was a highly anticipated moment in Brazil. The goal, popularly dubbed O Milésimo (The Thousandth), occurred in a match against Vasco da Gama, when Pelé
Pelé
scored from a penalty kick, at the Maracanã Stadium.[28] Pelé
Pelé
states that his most memorable goal was scored at Rua Javari stadium on a Campeonato Paulista match against São Paulo
São Paulo
rival Clube Atlético Juventus
Juventus
on 2 August 1959. As there is no video footage of this match, Pelé
Pelé
asked that a computer animation be made of this specific goal.[29] In March 1961, Pelé
Pelé
scored the gol de placa (goal worthy of a plaque), against Fluminense at the Maracanã.[30] Pelé received the ball on the edge of his own penalty area, and ran the length of the field, eluding opposition players with feints, before striking the ball beyond the goalkeeper.[30] A plaque was commissioned with a dedication to "the most beautiful goal in the history of the Maracanã".[31] In 1967, the two factions involved in the Nigerian Civil War
Nigerian Civil War
agreed to a 48-hour ceasefire so they could watch Pelé
Pelé
play an exhibition game in Lagos.[32] During his time at Santos, Pelé
Pelé
played alongside many gifted players, including Zito, Pepe, and Coutinho; the latter partnered him in numerous one-two plays, attacks, and goals.[33] New York Cosmos[edit]

Pelé
Pelé
signing a football for U.S. President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
at the White House in 1973, two years before joining the New York Cosmos

After the 1974 season (his 19th with Santos), Pelé
Pelé
retired from Brazilian club football although he continued to occasionally play for Santos in official competitive matches. Two years later, he came out of semi-retirement to sign with the New York Cosmos of the North American Soccer League (NASL) for the 1975 season. Though well past his prime at this point, Pelé
Pelé
was credited with significantly increasing public awareness and interest of the sport in the United States. Hoping to fuel the same kind of awareness in the Dominican Republic, he and the Cosmos team played in an exhibition match against Haitian team, Violette AC, in the Santo Domingo Olympic Stadium on 3 June 1976, where over 25,000 fans watched him score a winning goal in the last seconds of the match, leading the Cosmos to a 2–1 victory.[34] He led the Cosmos to the 1977 NASL championship, in his third and final season with the club.[35]

Pelé
Pelé
(left) with Eusébio
Eusébio
(far right) before a game in the NASL in April 1977

On 1 October 1977, Pelé
Pelé
closed out his career in an exhibition match between the Cosmos and Santos. Santos arrived in New York after previously defeating the Seattle Sounders in New Jersey, 2–0. The match was played in front of a sold out crowd at Giants Stadium
Giants Stadium
and was televised in the United States on ABC's Wide World of Sports as well as throughout the world. Pelé's father and wife both attended the match, as well as Muhammad Ali
Muhammad Ali
and Bobby Moore.[36] International career[edit]

Pelé
Pelé
(crouched, second from right to left) and the Brazil
Brazil
national team at 1959 Copa America

Pelé's first international match was a 2–1 defeat against Argentina on 7 July 1957 at the Maracanã.[37][38] In that match, he scored his first goal for Brazil
Brazil
aged 16 years and nine months to become the youngest player to score in international football.[39] 1958 World Cup[edit] Pelé
Pelé
arrived in Sweden
Sweden
sidelined by a knee injury but on his return from the treatment room, his colleagues stood together and insisted upon his selection.[40] His first match was against the USSR in the third match of the first round of the 1958 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, where he gave the assist to Vavá's second goal.[41] He was the youngest player of that tournament, and at the time the youngest ever to play in the World Cup.[note 2][38] Against France in the semifinal, Brazil
Brazil
was leading 2–1 at halftime, and then Pelé
Pelé
scored a hat-trick, becoming the youngest in World Cup history to do so.[43]

17-year-old Pelé
Pelé
cries on the shoulder of goalkeeper Gilmar after Brazil
Brazil
won the 1958 World Cup.

On 29 June 1958, Pelé
Pelé
became the youngest player to play in a World Cup final match at 17 years and 249 days. He scored two goals in that final as Brazil
Brazil
beat Sweden
Sweden
5–2 in Stockholm, the capital. His first goal where he flicked the ball over a defender before volleying into the corner of the net, was selected as one of the best goals in the history of the World Cup.[44] Following Pelé's second goal, Swedish player Sigvard Parling would later comment; "When Pelé
Pelé
scored the fifth goal in that Final, I have to be honest and say I felt like applauding".[45] When the match ended, Pelé
Pelé
passed out on the field, and was revived by Garrincha.[46] He then recovered, and was compelled by the victory to weep as he was being congratulated by his teammates. He finished the tournament with six goals in four matches played, tied for second place, behind record-breaker Just Fontaine, and was named best young player of the tournament.[47] It was in the 1958 World Cup
1958 World Cup
that Pelé
Pelé
began wearing a jersey with number 10. The event was the result of disorganization: the leaders of the Brazilian Federation did not send the shirt numbers of players and it was up to FIFA
FIFA
to choose the number 10 shirt to Pelé
Pelé
who was a substitute on the occasion.[48] The press proclaimed Pelé
Pelé
the greatest revelation of the 1958 World Cup, and he was also retroactively given the Silver Ball as the second best player of the tournament, behind Didi.[45] South American Championship[edit] Pelé
Pelé
also played in the South American Championship. In the 1959 competition he was named best player of the tournament and was top scorer with 8 goals, as Brazil
Brazil
came second despite being unbeaten in the tournament.[45][49][50] 1962 World Cup[edit]

Pelé
Pelé
fighting for a ball against the Swedish goalkeeper Kalle Svensson during the 1958 World Cup
1958 World Cup
final

When the 1962 World Cup started, Pelé
Pelé
was the best rated player in the world at the time.[51] In the first match of the 1962 World Cup in Chile, against Mexico, Pelé
Pelé
assisted the first goal and then scored the second one, after a run past four defenders, to go up 2–0.[52] He injured himself in the next game while attempting a long-range shot against Czechoslovakia.[53] This would keep him out of the rest of the tournament, and forced coach Aymoré Moreira
Aymoré Moreira
to make his only lineup change of the tournament. The substitute was Amarildo, who performed well for the rest of the tournament. However, it was Garrincha
Garrincha
who would take the leading role and carry Brazil
Brazil
to their second World Cup title, after beating Czechoslovakia at the final in Santiago.[54] 1966 World Cup[edit] Pelé
Pelé
was the most famous footballer in the world during the 1966 World Cup in England, and Brazil
Brazil
fielded some world champions like Garrincha, Gilmar and Djalma Santos
Djalma Santos
with the addition of other stars like Jairzinho, Tostão and Gérson, leading to high expectations for them.[55] Brazil
Brazil
was eliminated in the first round, playing only three matches.[55] The World Cup was marked, among other things, for foulings on Pelé
Pelé
that left him injured by the Bulgarian and Portuguese defenders.[56] Pelé
Pelé
scored the first goal from a free kick against Bulgaria, becoming the first player to score in three successive FIFA
FIFA
World Cups, but due to his injury, a result of persistent fouling by the Bulgarians, he missed the second game against Hungary.[55] Brazil
Brazil
lost that game and Pelé, although still recovering, was brought back for the last crucial match against Portugal
Portugal
at Goodison Park
Goodison Park
in Liverpool by the Brazilian coach Vicente Feola. Feola changed the entire defense, including the goalkeeper, while in midfield he returned to the formation of the first match. During the game, Portugal
Portugal
defender João Morais fouled Pelé, but was not sent off by referee George McCabe.[57] Pelé
Pelé
had to stay on the field limping for the rest of the game, since substitutes were not allowed at that time.[57] After this game he vowed he would never again play in the World Cup, a decision he would later change.[51] 1970 World Cup[edit] Pelé
Pelé
was called to the national team in early 1969, he refused at first, but then accepted and played in six World Cup qualifying matches, scoring six goals.[58] The 1970 World Cup in Mexico
Mexico
was expected to be Pelé's last. Brazil's squad for the tournament featured major changes in relation to the 1966 squad. Players like Garrincha, Nilton Santos, Valdir Pereira, Djalma Santos
Djalma Santos
and Gilmar had already retired. However, Brazil's 1970 World Cup squad, which included players like Pelé, Rivelino, Jairzinho, Gérson, Carlos Alberto Torres, Tostão and Clodoaldo, is often considered to be the greatest football team in history.[59][60]

Pelé, front row second from right, before the match against Peru
Peru
in the 1970 World Cup

The front five of Jairzinho, Pelé, Gerson, Tostão and Rivelino together created an attacking momentum, with Pelé
Pelé
having a central role in Brazil's way to the final.[61] All of Brazil's matches in the tournament (except the final) were played in Guadalajara, and in the first match against Czechoslovakia, Pelé
Pelé
gave Brazil
Brazil
a 2–1 lead, by controlling Gerson's long pass with his chest and then scoring. In this match Pelé
Pelé
attempted to lob goalkeeper Ivo Viktor
Ivo Viktor
from the half-way line, only narrowly missing the Czechoslovak goal.[62] Brazil went on to win the match, 4–1. In the first half of the match against England, Pelé
Pelé
nearly scored with a header that was saved by the England goalkeeper Gordon Banks.[63] In the second half, he controlled a cross from Tostão before flicking the ball to Jairzinho who scored the only goal.[64]

Mário Zagallo
Mário Zagallo
(Brazil's 1970 coach with Pelé
Pelé
in 2008). Zagallo said of Pelé: "A kid in Sweden
Sweden
[1958 World Cup] gave signs of genius, and in Mexico
Mexico
[1970 World Cup] he fulfilled all that promise and closed the book with a golden key. And I had the privilege to see it all from close up."[65]

Against Romania, Pelé
Pelé
scored two goals, with Brazil
Brazil
winning by a final score of 3–2. In the quarterfinals against Peru, Brazil
Brazil
won 4–2, with Pelé
Pelé
assisting Tostão for Brazil's third goal. In their semi-final match, Brazil
Brazil
faced Uruguay
Uruguay
for the first time since the 1950 World Cup final round match. Jairzinho
Jairzinho
put Brazil
Brazil
ahead 2–1, and Pelé
Pelé
assisted Rivelino for the 3–1. During that match, Pelé made one of his most famous plays.[62] Tostão passed the ball for Pelé
Pelé
to collect which Uruguay's goalkeeper Ladislao Mazurkiewicz
Ladislao Mazurkiewicz
took notice of and ran off his line to get the ball before Pelé. However, Pelé
Pelé
got there first and fooled Mazurkiewicz with a feint by not touching the ball, causing it to roll to the goalkeepers left, while Pelé
Pelé
went to the goalkeepers right. Pelé
Pelé
ran around the goalkeeper to retrieve the ball and took a shot while turning towards the goal, but he turned in excess as he shot, and the ball drifted just wide of the far post.[66] Brazil
Brazil
played Italy
Italy
in the final at the Azteca Stadium
Azteca Stadium
in Mexico City.[67] Pelé
Pelé
scored the opening goal with a header over Italian defender Tarcisio Burgnich. He then made assists on Brazil's third goal, scored by Jairzinho, and the fourth finished by Carlos Alberto. The last goal of the game is often considered the greatest team goal of all time because it involved all but two of the team's outfield players. The play culminated after Pelé
Pelé
made a blind pass that went into Carlos Alberto's running trajectory. He came running from behind and struck the ball to score.[68] Brazil
Brazil
won the match 4–1, keeping the Jules Rimet Trophy
Jules Rimet Trophy
indefinitely, and Pelé
Pelé
received the Golden Ball as player of the tournament.[45][69] Burgnich, who marked Pelé during the final, was quoted saying "I told myself before the game, he's made of skin and bones just like everyone else — but I was wrong".[70] Pelé's last international match was on 18 July 1971 against Yugoslavia in Rio de Janeiro. With Pelé
Pelé
on the field, the Brazilian team's record was 67 wins, 14 draws and 11 losses.[58] Brazil
Brazil
never lost a match while fielding both Pelé
Pelé
and Garrincha.[71] Style of play[edit]

Pelé
Pelé
dribbling past a defender while playing for Brazil, May 1960.

Pelé
Pelé
has also been known for connecting the phrase "The Beautiful Game" with football.[72] A prolific goalscorer, he was known for his ability to anticipate opponents in the area and finish off chances with an accurate and powerful shot with either foot.[32][73][74] Pelé was also a hard-working team-player, with exceptional vision and intelligence, who was recognised for his precise passing, and ability to link-up with teammates and provide them with assists.[75][76][77] In his early career, he played in a variety of attacking positions. Although he usually operated inside the penalty area as a main striker or centre-forward, his wide range of skills also allowed him to play in a more withdrawn role, as an inside forward or second striker, or out wide.[78][62][75] In his later career, he took on more of a deeper playmaking role behind the strikers, often functioning as an attacking midfielder.[79][80][81] Pelé's unique playing style combined speed, creativity, and technical skill with physical power, stamina, and athleticism. His excellent technique, balance, flair, agility, and dribbling skills enabled him to beat opponents with the ball, and frequently saw him use sudden changes of direction and elaborate feints in order to get past players, such as his trademark move, the drible da vaca.[78][62][82] Another one of his signature moves was the paradinha, or little stop.[note 3][83] In spite of his relatively small stature, 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 m),[84] he excelled in the air, due to his heading accuracy and elevation.[73][76][82] Renowned for his bending shots, he was also an accurate free-kick taker, and penalty taker, although he often refrained from taking penalties, stating that he believed it to be a cowardly way to score.[85][86] Reception and legacy[edit]

" Pelé
Pelé
is the greatest player of all time. He reigned supreme for 20 years. All the others – Diego Maradona, Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini – rank beneath him. There's no one to compare with Pelé."

—West Germany's 1974 World Cup-winning captain Franz Beckenbauer.[45]

" Pelé
Pelé
was one of the few who contradicted my theory: instead of 15 minutes of fame, he will have 15 centuries."

—Andy Warhol.[19]

"My name is Ronald Reagan, I'm the President of the United States of America. But you don't need to introduce yourself, because everyone knows who Pelé
Pelé
is."

—US President Ronald Reagan, greeting Pelé
Pelé
at the White House.[19]

Pelé
Pelé
is one of the most lauded players in history and is frequently ranked the best player ever.[87][88][89] Among his contemporaries, Dutch star Johan Cruyff
Johan Cruyff
stated; " Pelé
Pelé
was the only footballer who surpassed the boundaries of logic."[19] Brazil's 1970 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup-winning captain Carlos Alberto Torres
Carlos Alberto Torres
opined; "His great secret was improvisation. Those things he did were in one moment. He had an extraordinary perception of the game."[19] Tostão, his strike partner at the 1970 World Cup; " Pelé
Pelé
was the greatest – he was simply flawless. And off the pitch he is always smiling and upbeat. You never see him bad-tempered. He loves being Pelé."[19] His Brazilian teammate Clodoaldo
Clodoaldo
commented on the adulation he witnessed; "In some countries they wanted to touch him, in some they wanted to kiss him. In others they even kissed the ground he walked on. I thought it was beautiful, just beautiful."[19] Former Real Madrid
Real Madrid
and Hungary star Ferenc Puskás
Ferenc Puskás
stated; "The greatest player in history was Di Stefano. I refuse to classify Pelé
Pelé
as a player. He was above that."[19] Just Fontaine, French striker and leading scorer at the 1958 World Cup; "When I saw Pelé
Pelé
play, it made me feel I should hang up my boots."[19] England's 1966 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup-winning captain Bobby Moore commented: " Pelé
Pelé
was the most complete player I've ever seen, he had everything. Two good feet. Magic in the air. Quick. Powerful. Could beat people with skill. Could outrun people. Only five feet and eight inches tall, yet he seemed a giant of an athlete on the pitch. Perfect balance and impossible vision. He was the greatest because he could do anything and everything on a football pitch. I remember Saldanha the coach being asked by a Brazilian journalist who was the best goalkeeper in his squad. He said Pelé. The man could play in any position".[73] Former Manchester United striker and member of England's 1966 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup-winning team Sir Bobby Charlton
Bobby Charlton
stated; "I sometimes feel as though football was invented for this magical player."[19] During the 1970 World Cup, when Paddy Crerand who was part of the ITV panel was asked; "How do you spell Pelé?", he replied with the response; "Easy: G-O-D."[19] Accolades[edit]

1969 Brazil
Brazil
stamp commemorating Pelé's landmark 1,000th goal

Since retiring, Pelé
Pelé
has continued to be lauded by players, coaches, journalists and others. Brazilian attacking midfielder Zico, who represented Brazil
Brazil
at the 1978, 1982 and 1986 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, stated; "This debate about the player of the century is absurd. There's only one possible answer: Pelé. He's the greatest player of all time, and by some distance I might add".[45] French three time Balon D'or winner Michel Platini
Michel Platini
said; "There's Pelé
Pelé
the man, and then Pelé
Pelé
the player. And to play like Pelé
Pelé
is to play like God." Joint FIFA
FIFA
Player of the Century, Argentina's 1986 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup-winning captain Diego Maradona stated; "It's too bad we never got along, but he was an awesome player".[45] Prolific Brazilian striker Romário, winner of the 1994 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
and player of the tournament; "It's only inevitable I look up to Pelé. He's like a God to us".[45] Five-time FIFA Ballon d'Or
FIFA Ballon d'Or
winner Cristiano Ronaldo
Cristiano Ronaldo
said: " Pelé
Pelé
is the greatest player in football history, and there will only be one Pelé", while José Mourinho, two-time UEFA
UEFA
Champions League winning manager, commented; "I think he is football. You have the real special one – Mr. Pelé."[90] Real Madrid
Real Madrid
honorary president and former player, Alfredo Di Stéfano, opined; "The best player ever? Pelé. Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo
Cristiano Ronaldo
are both great players with specific qualities, but Pelé
Pelé
was better".[91]

Pelé
Pelé
playing for New York Cosmos at Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens
in Kolkata, India with a sold out stadium of 80,000 in 1977.[92]

Presenting Pelé
Pelé
a lifetime achievement award, former South African president Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
said; "To watch him play was to watch the delight of a child combined with the extraordinary grace of a man in full."[93] US politician and political scientist Henry Kissinger stated, "Performance at a high level in any sport is to exceed the ordinary human scale. But Pelé's performance transcended that of the ordinary star by as much as the star exceeds ordinary performance."[94] After a reporter asked if his fame compared to that of Jesus, Pelé
Pelé
in response quipped, "There are parts of the world where Jesus
Jesus
Christ is not so well known."[70] In 1999, the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) voted Pelé
Pelé
the World Player of the Century. That same year, the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
elected him the Athlete of the Century. According to the IFFHS, Pelé
Pelé
is the most successful league goal-scorer in the world, scoring 1281 goals in 1363 games, which included unofficial friendlies and tour games. In 1999, Time magazine named Pelé
Pelé
one of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century. During his playing days, Pelé
Pelé
was for a period the highest-paid athlete in the world.[95] Pelé's "electrifying play and penchant for spectacular goals" made him a star around the world. To take full advantage of his popularity, his teams toured internationally.[32] During his career, he became known as "The Black Pearl" (A Pérola Negra), "The King of Football" (O Rei do Futebol), "The King Pelé" (O Rei Pelé) or simply "The King" (O Rei).[6] Personal life[edit] Relationships and children[edit]

A practicing Catholic, Pelé
Pelé
donated a signed jersey to Pope Francis. Accompanied with a signed football from Ronaldo, it is located in one of the Vatican Museums.[96]

Pelé
Pelé
has married three times, and has had several affairs, producing several children. On 21 February 1966, Pelé
Pelé
married Rosemeri dos Reis Cholbi.[97] They had two daughters and one son: Kelly Cristina (born 13 January 1967), who married Dr. Arthur DeLuca, Jennifer (b. 1978), and their son Edson ("Edinho", b. 27 August 1970). The couple divorced in 1982.[98] From 1981 to 1986, Pelé
Pelé
was romantically linked with the TV presenter Xuxa, which was influential in launching her career. She was 17 when they started dating.[99] In April 1994, Pelé
Pelé
married psychologist and gospel singer Assíria Lemos Seixas, who gave birth on 28 September 1996 to twins Joshua and Celeste through fertility treatments. The couple divorced in 2008.[100] Pelé
Pelé
had at least two more children from former affairs. Sandra Machado, who was born from an affair Pelé
Pelé
had in 1964 with a housemaid, Anizia Machado, fought for years to be acknowledged by Pelé, who refused to submit to DNA
DNA
tests.[101][102][103] Although she was recognized by courts as his biological daughter based on DNA evidence in 1993, Pelé
Pelé
never acknowledged his eldest daughter even after her death in 2006, nor her two children, Octavio and Gabriel.[102][103] Pelé
Pelé
also had another daughter, Flávia Kurtz, in an extramarital affair in 1968 with journalist Lenita Kurtz. Flávia was recognized by him as his daughter.[101] At the age of 73, Pelé
Pelé
announced his intention to marry 41-year-old Marcia Aoki, a Japanese-Brazilian importer of medical equipment from Penápolis, São Paulo, whom he had been dating from 2010. They first met in the mid-1980s in New York, before meeting again in 2008.[104] They finally married in July 2016.[105] In May 2014, his son Edinho was jailed for 33 years for laundering money from drug trafficking.[106] Politics[edit] In 1970, Pelé
Pelé
was investigated by the Brazilian military dictatorship for suspected leftist sympathies. Declassified documents showed Pelé was investigated after being handed a manifesto calling for the release of political prisoners. Pelé
Pelé
himself did not get further involved within political struggles in the country.[107] In June 2013, he was criticized in public opinion for his conservative views.[108][109] During the Brazilian protests, Pelé
Pelé
asked for people to "forget the demonstrations" and support the Brazil
Brazil
national team.[110] Health[edit] In 1977, Brazilian media reported that Pelé
Pelé
had his right kidney removed.[111] In November 2012, Pelé
Pelé
underwent a successful hip operation.[112] In December 2017 Pelé
Pelé
appeared in a wheelchair at the 2018 World Cup draw in Moscow where he was pictured with Russian President Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
and Diego Maradona.[113] A month later he collapsed from exhaustion and was taken to hospital.[113] After football[edit]

Pelé
Pelé
at the White House
White House
on 10 September 1986, with U.S. President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
and Brazil
Brazil
President José Sarney

In 1994, Pelé
Pelé
was appointed a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.[114] In 1995, Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
appointed Pelé
Pelé
to the position of Extraordinary Minister for Sport. During this time he proposed legislation to reduce corruption in Brazilian football, which became known as the " Pelé
Pelé
law."[115] Pelé
Pelé
left his position in 2001 after he was accused of involvement in a corruption scandal that stole $700,000 from UNICEF. It was claimed that money given to Pelé's company for a benefit match was not returned after it was cancelled, although nothing was proven, and it was denied by UNICEF.[116][117] In 1997, he received an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
at a ceremony in Buckingham Palace.[118] Pelé
Pelé
also helped inaugurate the 2006 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
finals, alongside supermodel Claudia Schiffer.[60]

Pelé, Brazil's Extraordinary Minister for Sport, with US President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
in Rio de Janeiro, 15 October 1997

In 1993, Pelé
Pelé
publicly accused the Brazilian football administrator Ricardo Teixeira
Ricardo Teixeira
of corruption after Pelé's television company was rejected in a contest for the Brazilian domestic rights to the 1994 World Cup.[119] Pelé
Pelé
accusations led to an eight-year feud between the pair.[120] As a consequence of the affair, the President of FIFA, João Havelange
João Havelange
banned Pelé
Pelé
from the draw for the 1994 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup in Las Vegas. Criticisms over the ban were perceived to have negatively affected Havelange's chances of re-election as FIFA's president in 1994.[119] Pelé
Pelé
has published several autobiographies, starred in documentary films, and composed musical pieces, including the soundtrack for the film Pelé
Pelé
in 1977.[121] He appeared in the 1981 film Escape to Victory, about a World War II-era football match between Allied prisoners of war and a German team. Pelé
Pelé
starred alongside other footballers of the 1960s and 1970s, with actors Michael Caine, and Sylvester Stallone.[122] in 1969, Pelé
Pelé
starred in a telenovela called Os Estranhos, about first contact with aliens. It was created to drum up interest in the Apollo missions.[123] In 2001, had a cameo role in the satire film, Mike Bassett: England Manager.[124]

Pelé
Pelé
at the World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum
in Switzerland, 2006

In November 2007, Pelé
Pelé
was in Sheffield, England
Sheffield, England
to mark the 150th anniversary of the world's oldest football club, Sheffield F.C.[125] Pelé
Pelé
was the guest of honour at Sheffield's anniversary match against Inter Milan
Inter Milan
at Bramall Lane.[125] As part of his visit, Pelé
Pelé
opened an exhibition which included the first public showing in 40 years of the original hand-written rules of football.[125] Pelé
Pelé
scouted for Premier League
Premier League
club Fulham in 2002.[126] He made the draw for the qualification groups for the 2006 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
finals.[127] On 1 August 2010, Pelé
Pelé
was introduced as the Honorary President of a revived New York Cosmos, aiming to field a team in Major League Soccer.[128] In August 2011, ESPN reported that Santos were considering bringing him out of retirement for a cameo role in the 2011 FIFA
FIFA
Club World Cup, although this turned out to be false.[129]

Brazil
Brazil
President Lula and Pelé
Pelé
in commemoration of 50 years since the first World Cup title won by Brazil
Brazil
in 1958, at the Palácio do Planalto, 2008

The most notable area of Pelé's life since football is his ambassadorial work. In 1992, he was appointed a UN ambassador for ecology and the environment.[130] He was also awarded Brazil's Gold Medal for outstanding services to the sport in 1995. In 2012, Pelé was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Edinburgh
University of Edinburgh
for "significant contribution to humanitarian and environmental causes, as well as his sporting achievements".[131] On 12 August 2012, Pelé
Pelé
was an attendee at the 2012 Olympic hunger summit hosted by UK Prime Minister David Cameron
David Cameron
at 10 Downing Street, London, part of a series of international efforts which have sought to respond to the return of hunger as a high-profile global issue.[132][133] Later on the same day, Pelé
Pelé
appeared at the closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Olympics
in London, following the handover section to the next host city for the 2016 Summer Olympics, Rio de Janeiro.[134] In March 2016, Pelé
Pelé
filed a lawsuit against Samsung Electronics in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois seeking US$30 million in damages claiming violations under the Lanham Act for false endorsement and a state law claim for violation of his right of publicity.[135] The suit alleged, that at one point Samsung and Pelé
Pelé
came close to entering into a licensing agreement for Pelé
Pelé
to appear in a Samsung advertising campaign. Samsung abruptly pulled out of the negotiations. The October 2015 Samsung ad in question, included a partial face shot of a man who allegedly "very closely resembles" Pelé
Pelé
and also a superimposed high-definition television screen next to the image of the man featuring a "modified bicycle or scissors-kick", often used by Pelé.[135] Honours[edit] International[edit] Brazil

FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
(3): 1958, 1962, 1970[136] Roca Cup (2): 1957, 1963[137][138] Cruz Cup (3): 1958, 1962, 1968[58][139] Bernardo O'Higgins Cup: 1959[140] Atlantic Cup: 1960[141]

Club[edit] Santos

Campeonato Paulista (10): 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973[note 4] Torneio Rio- São Paulo
São Paulo
(4): 1959, 1963, 1964 [note 5][127] Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
(6): 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1968[144] Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
(2): 1962, 1963[145][146] Intercontinental Cup (2): 1962, 1963[22]

New York Cosmos

North American Soccer League, Soccer Bowl: 1977[147] North American Soccer League, Atlantic Conference Championship: 1977[147]

Individual[edit] In December 2000, Pelé
Pelé
and Maradona shared the prize of FIFA
FIFA
Player of the Century by FIFA.[148] The award was originally intended to be based upon votes in a web poll, but after it became apparent that it favoured Diego Maradona, many observers complained that the Internet nature of the poll would have meant a skewed demographic of younger fans who would have seen Maradona play, but not Pelé. FIFA
FIFA
then appointed a "Family of Football" committee of FIFA
FIFA
members to decide the winner of the award together with the votes of the readers of the FIFA
FIFA
Magazine. The committee chose Pelé. Since Maradona was winning the Internet poll, however, it was decided he and Pelé
Pelé
should share the award.[149]

Santos

Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
Top Scorer: 1965[150] Campeonato Paulista Top Scorer (11): 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1973[127] Torneio Rio- São Paulo
São Paulo
Top Scorer: 1963[151] Bola de Prata: 1970[152]

Brazil

FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Best Young Player: 1958[47] FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Golden Ball (Best Player): 1970[45] Copa America
Copa America
Best Player: 1959[49] Copa América
Copa América
Top Scorer: 1959[50]

Other awards

FIFA Ballon d'Or
FIFA Ballon d'Or
Prix d'Honneur: 2013[153] Ballon d'Or
Ballon d'Or
(7): 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1970 - Le nouveau palmarès (the new winners)[154] FIFA
FIFA
Player of the Century: 2000[45] FIFA
FIFA
Order of Merit: 1984[155] FIFA
FIFA
Centennial Award: 2004[156] FIFA
FIFA
100 Greatest Living Footballers: 2004[157] BBC Sports Personality of the Year Overseas Personality: 1970[158] BBC Sports Personality of the Year Lifetime Achievement Award: 2005[159] Greatest football player to have ever played the game, by Golden Foot: 2012[160] Athlete of the Century, by Reuters
Reuters
News Agency: 1999[161] Athlete of the Century, elected by International Olympic Committee: 1999[162] South American Footballer of the Year: 1973[163] Football Player of the Century, elected by France Football's Ballon d'Or Winners: 1999[164] Inducted into the American National Soccer Hall of Fame: 1992[165] World Team of the 20th Century: 1998[166] TIME: One of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th century: 1999[167] World Soccer Greatest XI of All Time: 2013[168]

Orders

Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire: 1997[169]

Personal records[edit]

Brazil national football team
Brazil national football team
All-Time Leading Scorer, 77 goals (95 goals including unofficial friendlies).[170] Intercontinental Cup: All-Time Leading Scorer: 7 goals[171] World record number of hat-trick: 92[172] Guinness World Records: Most career goals (football): 1283 goals in 1363 games[173] Guinness World Records: Most FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Winners' Medals: three[173] Guinness World Records: Youngest winner of a FIFA
FIFA
World Cup: 17 years and 249 days in 1958 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup[174] Youngest scorer in the FIFA
FIFA
World Cup: 17 years and 239 days ( Brazil
Brazil
v Wales 1958)[45][175] Youngest hat-trick in the FIFA
FIFA
World Cup: 17 years and 244 days ( Brazil
Brazil
v France 1958)[175] Youngest player to play in a FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
final match: 17 years and 249 days ( Brazil
Brazil
v Sweden
Sweden
1958)[176] Youngest scorer in the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
final match: 17 years and 249 days ( Brazil
Brazil
v Sweden
Sweden
1958)[176]

Career statistics[edit] Club[edit] Pelé's goalscoring record is often reported by FIFA
FIFA
as being 1281 goals in 1363 games.[45] This figure includes goals scored by Pelé
Pelé
in friendly club matches, like international tours Pelé
Pelé
completed with Santos and the New York Cosmos, and a few games Pelé
Pelé
played in for the Brazilian armed forces teams during his national service in Brazil.[177] He was listed in the Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
for most career goals scored in football his goalscoring record.[178] The tables below record every goal Pelé
Pelé
scored in major club competitions for Santos and the New York Cosmos.

Club Season Campeonato Paulista Rio-São Paulo[note 6] Campeonato Brasileiro Série A[note 7] Domestic competitions Sub-total

International Competitions Total Official

Total inc. Friendlies

Copa Libertadores Intercontinental Cup

Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals

Santos 1956 0* 0*

1 1

1 1 2* 2*

1957 14+15* 19+17*[note 8][note 9] 9 5

38* 41*

38* 41* 67* 57*

1958 38 58 8 8

46 66

46* 66* 60* 80*

1959[182] 32 45 7 6 4* 2* 39 51

43* 53* 83* 100*

1960[183] 30 33 3 0 0 0 33 33 0 0 0 0 33* 33* 67* 59*

1961 26 47 7 8 5* 7 33 55 0 0 0 0 38* 62* 74* 110*

1962 26 37 0 0 5* 2* 26 37 4* 4* 2 5 37* 48* 50* 62*

1963[184] 19 22 8 14 4* 8 27 36 4* 5* 1 2 36 51* 52* 67*

1964 21 34 4 3 6* 7 25 37 0* 0* 0 0 31* 44* 47* 57*

1965 30 49 7 5 4* 2* 37 54 7* 8 0 0 48* 64* 66* 97*

1966 14 13 0* 0* 5* 2* 14* 13* 0 0 0 0 19* 15* 38* 31*

1967 18 17

14* 9* 32* 26* 0 0 0 0 32* 26* 65* 56*

1968 21 17

17* 11* 38* 28* 0 0 0 0 38* 28* 73* 55*

1969 25 26

12* 12* 37* 38* 0 0 0 0 37* 38* 61* 57*

1970 15 7

13* 4* 28* 11* 0 0 0 0 28* 11* 54* 47*

1971 19 8

21 1 40 9 0 0 0 0 40 9 72* 60*

1972 20 9

16 5 36 14 0 0 0 0 36 14 74* 55*

1973 19 11

30 19 49 30 0 0 0 0 49 30 66* 45*

1974 10 1

17 9 27 10 0 0 0 0 27 10 49* 19*

Total 412 470 53 49 173* 100* 638* 619* 15 17[note 10] 3 7 656 643 1120 1033*

* Indicates that the number was deducted from the list of rsssf.com and this list of Pelé
Pelé
games.

Club Season League Post season Other Total

Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals

NY Cosmos 1975 9 5 – – 14 10 23 15

1976 22 13 2 2 18 11 42 26

1977 25 13 6 4 11 6 42 23

Total 56 31 8 6 43 27 107 64

International[edit] See also: List of international goals scored by Pelé Pelé
Pelé
is the top scorer of the Brazil national football team
Brazil national football team
with 77 goals in 92 official appearances.[45] In addition, he scored 18 times in 22 unofficial games. This makes an unofficial total of 114 games and 95 goals. He also scored 12 goals and is credited with 10 assists in 14 World Cup appearances, including 4 goals and 7 assists in 1970.[12] Pelé
Pelé
shares with Uwe Seeler
Uwe Seeler
and Miroslav Klose
Miroslav Klose
the achievement of being the only three footballers to have scored in four separate World Cup tournaments.[185]

# Date Venue Home Result Visitor Competition Goals Goals so far

1. 7 July 1957 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 1–2  Argentina Roca Cup 1 1

2. 10 July 1957 São Paulo  Brazil 2–0  Argentina Roca Cup 1 2

3. 4 May 1958 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 5–1  Paraguay Oswaldo Cruz Cup 1 3

4. 14 May 1958 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 4–0  Bulgaria Friendly 0 3

5. 18 May 1958 São Paulo  Brazil 3–1  Bulgaria Friendly 2 5

6. 15 June 1958 Gothenburg  Brazil 2–0  Soviet Union World Cup 0 5

7. 19 June 1958 Gothenburg  Brazil 1–0  Wales World Cup 1 6

8. 24 June 1958 Stockholm  Brazil 5–2  France World Cup 3 9

9. 29 June 1958 Stockholm  Brazil 5–2  Sweden World Cup 2 11

10. 10 March 1959 Buenos Aires  Brazil 2–2  Peru Copa América 1 12

11. 15 March 1959 Buenos Aires  Brazil 3–0  Chile Copa América 2 14

12. 21 March 1959 Buenos Aires  Brazil 4–2  Bolivia Copa América 1 15

13. 26 March 1959 Buenos Aires  Brazil 3–1  Uruguay Copa América 0 15

14. 29 March 1959 Buenos Aires  Brazil 4–1  Paraguay Copa América 3 18

15. 4 April 1959 Buenos Aires  Argentina 1–1  Brazil Copa América 1 19

16. 13 May 1959 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–0  England Friendly 0 19

17. 17 September 1959 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 7–0  Chile O'Higgins Cup 3 22

18. 20 September 1959 São Paulo  Brazil 1–0  Chile O'Higgins Cup 0 22

19. 29 April 1960 Cairo  United Arab Republic 0–5  Brazil Friendly 0 22

20. 1 May 1960 Alexandria  United Arab Republic 1–3  Brazil Friendly 3 25

21. 6 May 1960 Cairo  United Arab Republic 0–3  Brazil Friendly 0 25

22. 10 May 1960 Copenhagen  Denmark 3–4  Brazil Friendly 0 25

23. 9 July 1960 Montevideo  Uruguay 0–1  Brazil Atlantic Cup 0 25

24. 12 July 1960 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 5–1  Argentina Atlantic Cup 1 26

25. 21 April 1962 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 6–0  Paraguay Oswaldo Cruz Cup 1 27

26. 24 April 1962 São Paulo  Brazil 4–0  Paraguay Oswaldo Cruz Cup 2 29

27. 6 May 1962 São Paulo  Brazil 2–1  Portugal Friendly 0 29

28. 9 May 1962 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 1–0  Portugal Friendly 1 30

29. 12 May 1962 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 3–1  Wales Friendly 1 31

30. 16 May 1962 São Paulo  Brazil 3–1  Wales Friendly 2 33

31. 30 May 1962 Viña del Mar  Brazil 2–0  Mexico World Cup 1 34

32. 2 June 1962 Viña del Mar  Brazil 0–0  Czechoslovakia World Cup 0 34

33. 13 April 1963 São Paulo  Brazil 2–3  Argentina Roca Cup 0 34

34. 16 April 1963 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 5–2  Argentina Roca Cup 3 37

35. 21 April 1963 Lisbon  Portugal 1–0  Brazil Friendly 0 37

36. 28 April 1963 Paris  France 2–3  Brazil Friendly 3 40

37. 2 May 1963 Amsterdam  Netherlands 1–0  Brazil Friendly 0 40

38. 5 May 1963 Hamburg  West Germany 1–2  Brazil Friendly 1 41

39. 12 May 1963 Milan  Italy 3–0  Brazil Friendly 0 41

40. 30 May 1964 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 5–1  England Taça das Nações 1 42

41. 3 June 1964 São Paulo  Brazil 0–3  Argentina Taça das Nações 0 42

42. 7 June 1964 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 4–1  Portugal Taça das Nações 1 43

43. 2 June 1965 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 5–0  Belgium Friendly 3 46

44. 6 June 1965 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–0  West Germany Friendly 1 47

45. 9 June 1965 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 0–0  Argentina Friendly 0 47

46. 17 June 1965 Orano  Algeria 0–3  Brazil Friendly 1 48

47. 24 June 1965 Porto  Portugal 0–0  Brazil Friendly 0 48

48. 30 June 1965 Stockholm  Sweden 1–2  Brazil Friendly 1 49

49. 4 July 1965 Moscow  Soviet Union 0–3  Brazil Friendly 2 51

50. 21 November 1965 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–2  Soviet Union Friendly 1 52

51. 19 May 1966 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 1–0  Chile Friendly 0 52

52. 4 June 1966 São Paulo  Brazil 4–0  Peru Friendly 1 53

53. 8 June 1966 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–1  Poland Friendly 0 53

54. 12 June 1966 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–1  Czechoslovakia Friendly 2 55

55. 15 June 1966 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–2  Czechoslovakia Friendly 1 56

56. 25 June 1966 Glasgow  Scotland 1–1  Brazil Friendly 0 56

57. 30 June 1966 Göteborg  Sweden 2–3  Brazil Friendly 0 56

58. 12 July 1966 Liverpool  Brazil 2–0  Bulgaria World Cup 1 57

59. 19 July 1966 Liverpool  Portugal 3–1  Brazil World Cup 0 57

60. 25 July 1968 Asunción  Paraguay 0–4  Brazil Oswaldo Cruz Cup 2 59

61. 28 July 1968 Asunción  Paraguay 1–0  Brazil Oswaldo Cruz Cup 0 59

62. 31 October 1968 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 1–2  Mexico Friendly 0 59

63. 3 November 1968 Belo Horizonte  Brazil 2–1  Mexico Friendly 1 60

64. 6 November 1968 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2-1 FIFA
FIFA
XI Friendly 0 60

65. 14 December 1968 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–2  West Germany Friendly 0 60

66. 17 December 1968 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 3–3  Yugoslavia Friendly 1 61

67. 7 April 1969 Porto Alegre  Brazil 2–1  Peru Friendly 0 61

68. 9 April 1969 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 3–2  Peru Friendly 1 62

69. 12 June 1969 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–1  England Friendly 0 62

70. 6 August 1969 Bogotá  Colombia 0–2  Brazil World Cup Qualifiers 0 62

71. 10 August 1969 Caracas  Venezuela 0–5  Brazil World Cup Qualifiers 2 64

72. 17 August 1969 Asunción  Paraguay 0–3  Brazil World Cup Qualifiers 0 64

73. 21 August 1969 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 6–2  Colombia World Cup Qualifiers 1 65

74. 24 August 1969 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 6–0  Venezuela World Cup Qualifiers 2 67

75. 31 August 1969 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 1–0  Paraguay World Cup Qualifiers 1 68

76. 4 March 1970 Porto Alegre  Brazil 0–2  Argentina Friendly 0 68

77. 8 March 1970 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–1  Argentina Friendly 1 69

78. 22 March 1970 São Paulo  Brazil 5–0  Chile Friendly 2 71

79. 26 March 1970 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–1  Chile Friendly 0 71

80. 12 April 1970 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 0–0  Paraguay Friendly 0 71

81. 26 April 1970 São Paulo  Brazil 0–0  Bulgaria Friendly 0 71

82. 29 April 1970 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 1–0  Austria Friendly 0 71

83. 3 June 1970 Guadalajara  Brazil 4–1  Czechoslovakia World Cup 1 72

84. 7 June 1970 Guadalajara  Brazil 1–0  England World Cup 0 72

85. 10 June 1970 Guadalajara  Brazil 3–2  Romania World Cup 2 74

86. 14 June 1970 Guadalajara  Brazil 4–2  Peru World Cup 0 74

87. 17 June 1970 Guadalajara  Brazil 3–1  Uruguay World Cup 0 74

88. 21 June 1970 Mexico
Mexico
City  Brazil 4–1  Italy World Cup 1 75

89. 30 September 1970 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–1  Mexico Friendly 0 75

90. 4 October 1970 Santiago de Chile  Chile 1–5  Brazil Friendly 1 76

91. 11 July 1971 São Paulo  Brazil 1–1  Austria Friendly 1 77

92. 18 July 1971 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 2–2  Yugoslavia Friendly 0 77

Unofficial international appearances (22) and goals (18)

Date Venue Home Result Visitor Goals

1958-05-21 São Paulo Brazil 5–0 Corinthians

1960-05-08 Malmö Malmö FF 1–7 Brazil 2

1960-05-12 Milano Inter Milan 2–2 Brazil 2

1960-05-16 Lisbon Sporting Lisbon 0–4 Brazil

1963-05-03 Eindhoven PSV Eindhoven 0–1 Brazil

1966-05-01 Rio de Janeiro Brazil 2–0 Rio Grande do Sul

1966-06-21 Madrid Atlético Madrid 3–5 Brazil 3

1966-07-04 Stockholm AIK 2–4 Brazil 2

1966-07-06 Malmö Malmö FF 1–3 Brazil 2

1968-11-06[58] Rio de Janeiro FIFA
FIFA
XI (Friendly match) 2–1 Brazil

1968-11-13 Curitiba Coritiba 1–2 Brazil

1969-07-06 Salvador Bahia 0–4 Brazil 1

1969-07-09 Aracaju Rio Grande do Sul 2–8 Brazil

1969-07-13 Recife Pernambuco 1–6 Brazil 1

1969-08-01 Bogotá Millonarios 0–2 Brazil

1969-09-03 Belo Horizonte Atlético Mineiro 2–1 Brazil 1

1970-03-14 Rio de Janeiro Bangu 1–1 Brazil

1970-04-05 Manaus Amazonas A 1–4 Brazil 1

1970-04-19 Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais 1–3 Brazil

1970-05-06 Guadalajara Guadalajara
Guadalajara
XI 0–3 Brazil 1

1970-05-17 León León XI 2–5 Brazil 2

1970-05-24 Irapuato Irapuato 0–3 Brazil

FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
goals

Date Venue Opponent Score Result World Cup Round

1958-06-19 Ullevi, Gothenburg, Sweden  Wales 1–0 1–0 1958 Quarterfinal

1958-06-24 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, Sweden  France 1–3 2–5 1958 Semifinal

1958-06-24 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, Sweden  France 1–4 2–5 1958 Semifinal

1958-06-24 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, Sweden  France 1–5 2–5 1958 Semifinal

1958-06-29 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, Sweden  Sweden 1–3 2–5 1958 Final

1958-06-29 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, Sweden  Sweden 2–5 2–5 1958 Final

1962-05-30 Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar, Chile  Mexico 2– 0 2–0 1962 Group stage

1966-07-12 Goodison Park, Liverpool, England  Bulgaria 1–0 2–0 1966 Group stage

1970-06-03 Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara, Mexico  Czechoslovakia 2–1 4–1 1970 Group stage

1970-06-10 Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara, Mexico  Romania 1–0 3–2 1970 Group stage

1970-06-10 Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara, Mexico  Romania 3–1 3–2 1970 Group stage

1970-06-21 Estadio Azteca, Mexico
Mexico
City, Mexico  Italy 1–0 4–1 1970 Final

Source:[58]

Team Year Tournament Friendly Total Goal average

Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals

Brazil 1957 2 2 0 0 2 2 1.00

1958 4 6 3 3 7 9 1.13

1959 8 11 1 0 9 11 1.22

1960 2 1 4 1 6 2 0.89

1961 0 0 0 0 0 0 -

1962 4 4 4 4 8 8 1.00

1963 2 3 5 4 7 7 0.88

1964 3 2 0 0 3 2 0.67

1965 0 0 8 9 8 9 1.13

1966 2 1 7 4 9 5 0.85

1967 0 0 0 0 0 0 -

1968 0 0 7 4 7 4 0.63

1969 6 6 3 1 9 7 0.71

1970 6 4 9 4 15 8 0.57

1971 0 0 2 1 2 1 0.50

Total 41 43 51 34 92 77 0.84

Career total (incl. unofficial matches)[186] 41 43 69 56 114 95 0.83

Summary[edit] Pelé
Pelé
numbers differ between sources mostly due to friendly games. The RSSSF states that Pelé
Pelé
scored 767 goals in 831 official games, 1281 goals in 1365 overall while he was active, and 1284 in 1375 taking into account benefit games after retirement.[171] The following table is a compendium of sources that include data from Santos and FIFA official websites among others.[187]

Matches Goals Ratio

Domestic Tournaments 702 656 0.94

International Tournaments 18 24 1.33

Brazil
Brazil
national football team 92 77 0.84

Official 812 757 0.93

Friendly matches and defunct Tournaments 554 526 0.95

Total 1366 1283 0.94

Matches Goals Ratio

International matches (Official and Friendlies) 503 479 0.95

Domestic matches (Official and Friendlies) 863 804 0.93

Total 1366 1283 0.94

Matches Goals Ratio

Santos FC[188] 1116 1091 0.98

New York Cosmos[188] 111 65 0.59

Brazil 114 95 0.83

Other 25 32 1.28

Total 1366 1283 0.94

See also[edit]

Association football
Association football
portal Brazil
Brazil
portal

Notes[edit]

^ Pelé
Pelé
presumed that it was an insult since the word had no meaning in Portuguese. He discovered in the 2000s that the word meant "miracle" in Hebrew.[5] ^ The mark was surpassed by Northern Ireland's Norman Whiteside
Norman Whiteside
in the 1982 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup. He scored his first World Cup goal against Wales in quarter-finals, the only goal of the match, to help Brazil
Brazil
advance to semifinals, while becoming the youngest ever World Cup goalscorer at 17 years and 239 days.[42] ^ Pelé
Pelé
would stop in the middle of a penalty kick before shooting to the ball. Goalkeepers complained that this gave strikers an unfair advantage. In the 1970s, FIFA
FIFA
banned this rule from competition.[83] ^ The 1973 Paulista was held jointly with Portuguesa.[142] ^ The 1964 Torneio Rio- São Paulo
São Paulo
was held jointly with Botafogo.[143] ^ Soccer Europe compiled this list from The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.[179] ^ Statistics from 1957 to 1974 for the Taça de Prata, Taça Brasil and Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
were taken from Soccer Europe website. Soccer Europe lists The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation, but do not give a season-by-season breakdown.[180] ^ In 1957, the Paulista Championship was divided in two phases: Blue Series and White Series. In the first, Pelé
Pelé
scored 19 goals in 14 games, and in the Blue Series, scored 17 goals in 15 games. See [181] ^ This number was inferred from a Santos fixture list from rsssf.com and this list of games Pelé
Pelé
played. ^ Statistics from 1957 to 1974 for the Taça de Prata, Taça Brasil and Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
were taken from Soccer Europe website. Soccer Europe lists The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation, but do not give a season-by-season breakdown.[180]

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Bar-On, Tamir (2014). The World Through Soccer: The Cultural Impact of a Global Sport. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 307. ISBN 1442234733.  Bellos, Alex (2003). Futebol: The Brazilian Way of Life. Bloomsbury. p. 416. ISBN 0747561796.  Blevins, David (2011). The Sports Hall of Fame Encyclopedia: Baseball, Basketball, Football, Hockey, Soccer. Scarecrow Press. p. 1291. ISBN 0-8108-6130-5.  Darby, Paul (2002). Africa, Football, and FIFA: Politics, Colonialism, and Resistance. Taylor & Francis. p. 236. ISBN 0714649686.  Dunmore, Tom (2011). Historical Dictionary of Soccer. Scarecrow Press. p. 338. ISBN 0810873958.  Dunmore, Tom (2015). Encyclopedia of the FIFA
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World Cup. Scarecrow Press. p. 406. ISBN 0810887436.  Ebony (1963). World's Highest Paid Athlete: Brazilian Soccer Star Earns $150,000 A Year. Johnson Publishing Company. p. 120. OCLC 1567306.  Freedman, Lew (2014). Pelé: A Biography. ABC-CLIO. p. 187. ISBN 1440829810.  Marcus, Joe (1976). The World of Pelé. Mason Charter Publishing. p. 200. ISBN 0884053660.  Pelé
Pelé
(2008). Pelé: The Autobiography. Simon and Schuster. p. 368. ISBN 1847394884.  Pelé; Fish, Robert L. (1977). My Life and the Beautiful Game: The Autobiography of Pelé. Doubleday Publishing. p. 371. ISBN 0385121857.  Heizer, Teixeira (1997). O jogo bruto das copas do mundo. Mauad Editora Ltda. p. 324. ISBN 8585756527.  Magill, Frank Northen (1999). Dictionary of World Biography: The 20th century, O-Z. Routledge. p. 4175. ISBN 1579580483. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pelé.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Pelé

Official website Pelé
Pelé
FIFA
FIFA
competition record Pelé
Pelé
at National Soccer Hall of Fame Pelé: A Legend Looks Back – slideshow by Life magazine List of Goals for Brazil Pelé
Pelé
on IMDb Details of Pelé's international tours for Santos and Cosmos American Soccer History Archives – click on a year and then scroll down to the bottom of the page to see friendly tournaments Play Soccer with Pele Pelé
Pelé
at Santos official website Pelé
Pelé
at International Football Hall of Fame Pelé
Pelé
at Planet World Cup

Awards

v t e

1958 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Team of the Tournament

Goalkeeper

Harry Gregg

Defenders

Djalma Santos Hilderaldo Bellini Nílton Santos

Midfielders

Danny Blanchflower Didi Gunnar Gren Raymond Kopa

Forwards

Pelé Garrincha Just Fontaine

v t e

1970 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Team of the Tournament

Goalkeeper

Ladislao Mazurkiewicz

Defenders

Carlos Alberto Torres Atilio Ancheta Franz Beckenbauer Giacinto Facchetti

Midfielders

Gérson Roberto Rivellino Bobby Charlton

Forwards

Pelé Gerd Müller Jairzinho

v t e

World Team of the 20th Century

Goalkeeper

Lev Yashin

Defenders

Carlos Alberto Torres Franz Beckenbauer Bobby Moore Nílton Santos

Midfielders

Johan Cruijff Alfredo Di Stéfano Michel Platini

Forwards

Garrincha Diego Maradona Pelé

v t e

FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
· Golden Ball

Best Player

1930: Nasazzi 1934: Meazza 1938: Leônidas 1950: Zizinho 1954: Puskás 1958: Didi 1962: Garrincha 1966: Charlton 1970: Pelé 1974: Cruijff 1978: Kempes

Golden Ball

1982: Rossi 1986: Maradona 1990: Schillaci 1994: Romário 1998: Ronaldo 2002: Kahn 2006: Zidane 2010: Forlán 2014: Messi

Golden Ball was first awarded in 1982.

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FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
· Silver Ball

2nd Best Player

1930: Stábile 1934: Sindelar 1938: Piola 1950: Schiaffino 1954: Kocsis 1958: Pelé 1962: Masopust 1966: Moore 1970: Gérson 1974: Beckenbauer 1978: Rossi

Silver Ball

1982: Falcão 1986: Schumacher 1990: Matthäus 1994: Baggio 1998: Šuker 2002: Ronaldo 2006: Cannavaro 2010: Sneijder 2014: Müller

Silver Ball was first awarded in 1982.

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FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
· Best Young Player

Best Young Player

1958: Pelé 1962: Albert 1966: Beckenbauer 1970: Cubillas 1974: Żmuda 1978: Cabrini 1982: Amoros 1986: Scifo 1990: Prosinečki 1994: Overmars 1998: Owen 2002: Donovan

Best Young Player Award

2006: Podolski 2010: Müller 2014: Pogba

Best Young Player was first awarded in 2006.

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FIFA
FIFA
100

UEFA

Baggio Ballack Banks Baresi Van Basten Beckenbauer Beckham Bergkamp Bergomi Best Boniek Boniperti Breitner Buffon Butragueño Cantona Ceulemans Charlton Cruyff Dalglish Dasayev Davids Del Piero Desailly Deschamps Emre Eusébio Facchetti Figo Fontaine Gullit Hagi Henry Kahn Keane Keegan R. van de Kerkhof W. van de Kerkhof Klinsmann Kluivert Kopa B. Laudrup M. Laudrup Lineker Luis Enrique Maier Maldini Masopust Matthäus Müller Nedvěd Neeskens Nesta Van Nistelrooy Owen Papin Pfaff Pirès Platini Puskás Raúl Rensenbrink Rijkaard Rivera Rossi Rui Costa Rummenigge Rüştü Schmeichel Seedorf Seeler Shearer Shevchenko Stoichkov Šuker Thuram Totti Trésor Trezeguet Van der Elst Vieira Vieri Zidane Zoff

CONMEBOL

Carlos Alberto Batistuta Cafu Crespo Cubillas Di Stéfano Falcão Figueroa Francescoli Júnior Kempes Maradona Passarella Pelé Rivaldo Rivelino Roberto Carlos Romário Romero Ronaldinho Ronaldo Djalma Santos Nílton Santos Saviola Sívori Sócrates Valderrama Verón Zamorano Zanetti Zico

CAF

Diouf Milla Okocha Abedi Pelé Weah

CONCACAF

Akers Hamm Sánchez

AFC

Hong Nakata

v t e

Brazilian Football Museum – Hall of Fame

Bebeto Carlos Alberto Torres Didi Djalma Santos Falcão Garrincha Gérson Gilmar Jairzinho Julinho Nílton Santos Pelé Rivaldo Rivelino Roberto Carlos Romário Ronaldinho Ronaldo Sócrates Taffarel Tostão Vavá Zagallo Zico Zizinho

Honorable mentions: Domingos da Guia Leônidas

v t e

South American Footballer of the Year

El Mundo award

1971: Tostão 1972: Cubillas 1973: Pelé 1974: Figueroa 1975: Figueroa 1976: Figueroa 1977: Zico 1978: Kempes 1979: Maradona 1980: Maradona 1981: Zico 1982: Zico 1983: Sócrates 1984: Francescoli 1985: Romero 1986: Alzamendi

El País award

1987: Valderrama 1988: Paz 1989: Bebeto 1990: Amarilla 1991: Ruggeri 1992: Raí 1993: Valderrama 1994: Cafu 1995: Francescoli 1996: Chilavert 1997: Salas 1998: Palermo 1999: Saviola 2000: Romário 2001: Riquelme 2002: Cardozo 2003: Tevez 2004: Tevez 2005: Tevez 2006: Fernández 2007: Cabañas 2008: Verón 2009: Verón 2010: D'Alessandro 2011: Neymar 2012: Neymar 2013: Ronaldinho 2014: Gutiérrez 2015: Sánchez 2016: Borja 2017: Luan

v t e

Copa América
Copa América
top scorers

1916: Gradín 1917: Romano 1919: Friedenreich & Neco 1920: Pérez & Romano 1921: Libonatti 1922: Francia 1923: Aguirre & Petrone 1924: Petrone 1925: Seoane 1926: Arellano 1927: Carricaberry & Luna & Figueroa & Petrone & Scarone 1929: González 1935: Masantonio 1937: Toro 1939: Fernández 1941: Marvezzi 1942: Masantonio & Moreno 1945: Méndez & de Freitas 1946: Medina 1947: Falero 1949: Jair 1953: Molina 1955: Micheli 1956: Hormazábal 1957: Maschio & Ambrois 1959 (Argentina): Pelé 1959 (Ecuador): Sanfilippo 1963: Raffo 1967: Artime 1975: Luque & Díaz 1979: Peredo & Morel 1983: Burruchaga & Dinamite & Aguilera 1987: Iguarán 1989: Bebeto 1991: Batistuta 1993: Dolgetta 1995: Batistuta & García 1997: Hernández 1999: Rivaldo & Ronaldo 2001: Aristizábal 2004: Adriano 2007: Robinho 2011: Guerrero 2015: Guerrero & Vargas 2016: Vargas

v t e

CONMEBOL
CONMEBOL
Copa América
Copa América
Player of the Tournament

South American Nations Championship Player of the tournament

1916: Gradín 1917: Scarone 1919: Friedenreich 1920: Piendibene 1921: Tesoriere 1922: Fortes 1923: Nasazzi 1924: Petrone 1925: Seoane 1926: Andrade 1927: Seoane 1929: Ferreira 1935: Nasazzi 1937: Mata 1939: Fernández 1941: Livingstone 1942: Varela 1945: da Guia 1946: Pedernera 1947: Moreno 1949: Ademir 1953: Herrera 1955: Hormazábal 1956: Míguez 1957: Sívori 1959–1: Pelé 1959–2: Silveira 1963: Blacut 1967: Rocha

Copa América Player of the tournament

1975: Cubillas 1979: Caszely 1983: Francescoli 1987: Valderrama 1989: Sosa 1991: Rodríguez 1993: Goycochea 1995: Francescoli 1997: Ronaldo 1999: Rivaldo 2001: Guevara 2004: Adriano 2007: Robinho 2011: Suárez 2015: Messi 2016: Sánchez

v t e

Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
top scorers

1960: Spencer 1961: Panzutto 1962: Coutinho, Raymondi & Spencer 1963: Sanfilippo 1964: Rodríguez 1965: Pelé 1966: Onega 1967: Raffo 1968: Tupãzinho 1969: Ferrero 1970: Bertocchi & Más 1971: Artime & Castronovo 1972: Cubillas, Ramírez, Rojas & Toninho Guerreiro 1973: Caszely 1974: Morena, Rocha & Terto 1975: Morena & Ramírez 1976: Palhinha 1977: Scotta 1978: La Rosa & Scotta 1979: Miltão & Oré 1980: Victorino 1981: Zico 1982: Morena 1983: Luzardo 1984: Tita 1985: Sánchez 1986: de Lima 1987: Gareca 1988: Iguarán 1989: Aguilera & Amarilla 1990: Samaniego 1991: Gaúcho 1992: Palhinha 1993: Almada 1994: Rivas 1995: Jardel 1996: de Ávila 1997: Acosta 1998: Sérgio João 1999: Bonilla, Fernando Baiano, Gauchinho, Morán & Sosa 2000: Luizão 2001: Lopes 2002: Rodrigo Mendes 2003: M. Delgado & Ricardo Oliveira 2004: Luís Fabiano 2005: Salcedo 2006: Aloísio, Borja, Calderón, A. Delgado, Ereros, Farías, Fernandão, Marcinho, Nilmar, Montenegro, Pavone, Quinteros, Urrutia & Washington 2007: Cabañas 2008: Cabañas & Moreno 2009: Boselli 2010: Thiago Ribeiro 2011: Nanni & Wallyson 2012: Alustiza & Neymar 2013: Jô 2014: Dos Santos & Olivera 2015: Bou 2016: Calleri 2017: Sand

v t e

Laureus Lifetime Achievement Award

2000: Pelé 2001: Steve Redgrave 2002: Peter Blake 2003: Gary Player 2004: Arne Næss Jr. 2005: No award 2006: Johan Cruyff 2007: Franz Beckenbauer 2008: Sergey Bubka 2009: No award 2010: Nawal El Moutawakel 2011: Zinedine Zidane 2012: Bobby Charlton 2013: Sebastian Coe 2014: No award 2015: No award 2016: Niki Lauda 2017: No award 2018: Edwin Moses

v t e

Members of the National Soccer Hall of Fame

Players

Agoos Akers Alberto Annis D. Armstrong Auld Bachmeier Bahr Balboa Barr Beardsworth Beckenbauer Bernabei Bogićević Bookie Borghi Boulos Brittan D. Brown G. Brown J. Brown Caligiuri Caraffi Carenza Chacurian Chastain Chesne Child Chinaglia Clavijo Colombo Coombes B. Craddock Danilo Davis Dick DiOrio Donelli Dooley Douglas Duggan Dunn Ely Fawcett Ferguson T. Fleming Florie Foudy Fricker Fryer Gaetjens Gallagher Gardassanich Gentle Getzinger Glover Gonsalves Gormley Govier Granitza Gryzik Hamm Harker Harkes Heinrichs Higgins Hynes Jaap Jennings-Gabarra Jones Keller Keough Kropfelder Kuntner Lalas Lang Lenarduzzi Lilly Looby Maca MacMillan Mausser B. McBride P. McBride McGhee Jo. McGuire McIlvenny McLaughlin McNab Meola Mieth Millar Monsen Joe. Moore Joh. Moore Moorhouse Morrison Murphy Murray Myernick Nanoski Nelson Nilsen Ntsoelengoe O'Brien Olaff A. Oliver L. Oliver Overbeck Pariani Patenaude Pelé Pérez Pope Preki Ramos Ratican Renzulli Reyna Roe Rote Roth Roy Ryan Salcedo Schaller Scurry Slone B. Smith E. Souza J. Souza Spalding Stark E. Stewart Swords Tintle Tracey Trost Vaughn Vermes Wallace Weir Willey B. Wilson P. Wilson Windischmann Wolanin Wood Wynalda Zerhusen

Builders

Abronzino Aimi Alonso Anderson Anschutz Ardizzone Arena J. Armstrong Barriskill Berling Best Booth Boxer B. Bradley G. Bradley Briggs Brock A. Brown Cahill Chyzowych Coll G. Collins P. Collins Commander Cordery R. Craddock E. Craggs G. Craggs Cummings Delach DeLuca DiCicco Donaghy Donnelly Dorrance Dresmich Duff Edwards Epperlein A. Ertegun N. Ertegun Fairfield Feibusch Fernley Ferro Fishwick Flamhaft H. Fleming P. Foulds S. Foulds D. Fowler M. Fowler Gansler Garber Garcia Giesler Gould Greer Guelker Guennel Healey Heilpern Hemmings Hermann Howard Hudson Hunt Iglehart Jeffrey Johnston Kabanica Kalloch Kehoe Kelly Kempton Klein Kleinaitis Koszma Kracher Kraft Kraus Lamm Larson Lewis Lombardo Long MacEwan Machnik Magnozzi Maher Manning Marre McClay McGrath Ja. McGuire McSkimming Merovich A. Miller M. Miller Mills Ja. Moore Morrissette Netto Newman Niotis Palmer Pearson Peel Peters Phillipson Piscopo Pomeroy Ramsden Reese Ringsdorf E. Robbie J. Robbie Ross Rottenberg Sagar Saunders Schellscheidt Schillinger Schmid Schroeder Schwarz Shields Single A. Smith P. Smith Spath Steelink Steinbrecher Stern Steuer D. Stewart Stone Toye Triner Walder Washauer Webb Weston Woods Woosnam Yeagley Young Zampini

Preceded by Rod Laver BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year 1970 Succeeded by Lee Trevino

Brazil
Brazil
squads

v t e

Brazil
Brazil
squad – 1958 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
winners (1st title)

1 Castilho 2 Bellini (c) 3 Gilmar 4 Djalma Santos 5 Dino Sani 6 Didi 7 Zagallo 8 Oreco 9 Zózimo 10 Pelé 11 Garrincha 12 Nílton Santos 13 Moacir 14 De Sordi 15 Orlando 16 Mauro 17 Joel 18 Mazzola 19 Zito 20 Vavá 21 Dida 22 Pepe Coach: Feola

v t e

Brazil
Brazil
squad – 1959 South American Championship (Argentina) Runners-up

1 Castilho 2 Gilmar 3 Bellini 4 Coronel 5 Djalma Santos 6 Nílton Santos 7 Orlando 8 Paulinho 9 Chinesinho 10 Didi 11 Dino Sani 12 Dorval 13 Esteves 14 Formiga 15 Zito 16 Almir Pernambuquinho 17 Garrincha 18 Henrique 19 Mauro 20 Paulo Valentim 21 Pelé 22 Zagallo Coach: Feola

v t e

Brazil
Brazil
squad – 1962 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
winners (2nd title)

1 Gilmar 2 Djalma Santos 3 Mauro (c) 4 Zito 5 Zózimo 6 Nílton Santos 7 Garrincha 8 Didi 9 Coutinho 10 Pelé 11 Pepe 12 Jair Marinho 13 Bellini 14 Jurandir 15 Altair 16 Zequinha 17 Mengálvio 18 Jair 19 Vavá 20 Amarildo 21 Zagallo 22 Castilho Coach: Moreira

v t e

Brazil
Brazil
squad – 1964 Taça das Nações Runners-up

 Aírton Beleza  Brito  Carlinhos  Carlos Alberto  Gérson  Gilmar  Jairzinho  Joel  Julinho  Pelé  Rildo  Rinaldo  Roberto Dias  Vavá  Zagallo Coach: Feola

v t e

Brazil
Brazil
squad – 1966 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup

1 Gilmar 2 Djalma Santos 3 Fidélis 4 Bellini (c) 5 Brito 6 Altair 7 Orlando 8 Paulo Henrique 9 Rildo 10 Pelé 11 Gérson 12 Manga 13 Denílson 14 Lima 15 Zito 16 Garrincha 17 Jairzinho 18 Alcindo 19 Silva 20 Tostão 21 Paraná 22 Edu Coach: Feola

v t e

Brazil
Brazil
squad – 1970 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
winners (3rd title)

1 Félix 2 Brito 3 Piazza 4 Carlos Alberto (c) 5 Clodoaldo 6 Marco Antônio 7 Jairzinho 8 Gérson 9 Tostão 10 Pelé 11 Rivellino 12 Ado 13 Roberto 14 Baldocchi 15 Fontana 16 Everaldo 17 Joel 18 Paulo Cézar Caju 19 Edu 20 Dario 21 Zé Maria 22 Leão Coach: Zagallo

v t e

New York Cosmos

Brooklyn, New York

The Club

Original club (1970–85) Modern club (2010–present)

Historical team

Seasons Players (all-stars) List of all honors and achievements

Stadiums

Yankee Stadium Shuart Stadium Downing Stadium Giants Stadium Belson Stadium MCU Park New York Cosmos Stadium
New York Cosmos Stadium
(proposed)

Affiliated clubs

New York Cosmos B

NPSL

Culture

Trans-Atlantic Challenge Cup Once in a Lifetime Cosmos Copa

Retired numbers

9 10

Key personnel

Chairman Rocco B. Commisso Head coach vacant

Division 1 major honors (12)

League championships (5)

1972 1977 1978 1980 1982

League regular seasons (7)

1972 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983

Division 2 major honors (3)

League championships (3)

2013 2015 2016

League regular seasons (3)

2013 2015 2016

Seasons (19)

NASL (1968–84)

1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984

NASL (2011–)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59087501 LCCN: n80145774 ISNI: 0000 0001 2026 6189 GND: 118592505 SELIBR: 195819 SUDOC: 027659593 BNF: cb11918951c (data) BIBSYS: 37271 MusicBrainz: 736ce674-b38c-4c81-bdee-4c586a01f9cc NDL: 00451005 NKC: jo20000080752 ICCU: ITICCULO1V23

.