The Info List - Patrick Leahy

Patrick Joseph Leahy (/ˈleɪˌhiː/; born March 31, 1940) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Vermont, in office since 1975. A member of the Democratic Party, Leahy held the position of President pro tempore of the United States Senate from December 17, 2012, to January 6, 2015, and was thus during that time third in the presidential line of succession. He is currently the most senior member of the Senate and took office at the age of 34 years, younger than any other current U.S. Senator. Leahy received the title of President pro tempore emeritus upon the commencement of the 114th Congress. He is the last remaining member of the Senate to have served prior to the 1976 election of President Jimmy Carter. Leahy is currently the longest-serving Democratic Senator as well as the longest-serving U.S. Senator in the history of Vermont, and the current dean of his state's congressional delegation. Having been in Congress since January 1975, he is also the longest serving incumbent Senator following the death of Hawaii's Daniel Inouye, who served from 1963 until his death in 2012. He is the former chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, and currently serves as the ranking member of the Senate Appropriations Committee. Leahy was also one of the two U.S. Senators targeted by the 2001 anthrax attacks
2001 anthrax attacks
that killed five people. After the resignation of John Conyers
John Conyers
in 2017, he became the longest-serving Democrat in Congress.


1 Early life and family 2 U.S. Senator

2.1 Early career (1975–1999) 2.2 Later career (1999–present) 2.3 Committee assignments

3 Political positions

3.1 Abortion 3.2 Cannabis 3.3 Civil justice 3.4 Civil rights and privacy 3.5 Criminal justice 3.6 Defense 3.7 Economy 3.8 Environment

3.8.1 Climate change

3.9 First Amendment 3.10 Gun laws 3.11 Health care 3.12 Human rights 3.13 Other

4 Awards 5 Personal life

5.1 Comic book fan

5.1.1 Filmography

6 Electoral history 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Early life and family[edit] Leahy was born in Montpelier, Vermont, the son of Alba (née Zambon) and Howard Francis Leahy, a printer. His maternal grandparents were Italian, and his father was of Irish ancestry; some of his ancestors came to Vermont
during the nineteenth century to work at quarries.[1] He graduated from Saint Michael's College
Saint Michael's College
in 1961 with a bachelor of arts degree in political science, and received his J.D. from Georgetown University
Georgetown University
Law Center in 1964.[2] He was an associate at the firm headed by Philip H. Hoff, then Governor of Vermont.[3] In May 1966 Hoff appointed him to fill a vacancy as State's Attorney of Chittenden County.[4] Leahy was elected to a full term in 1966[5] and re-elected in 1970.[6] Leahy married Marcelle Pomerleau in 1962; she is bilingual with French Canadian heritage from Quebec immigrants to Vermont. They reside in a farmhouse in Middlesex, Vermont, after moving from Burlington, and have three children. In 2012 the Leahys celebrated their fiftieth anniversary, with Leahy saying ‘‘We hate it when we’re apart from one another.’’[7] Leahy is legally blind in his left eye, and has been since birth.[8][9] U.S. Senator[edit] Early career (1975–1999)[edit]

A 1979 Senate portrait of Leahy

Leahy was elected to the United States Senate
United States Senate
for the first time in November 1974, in the wake of the Watergate scandal
Watergate scandal
that had resulted in the resignation of President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
in August of that year. He won a close race against Vermont's lone congressman, Richard Mallary, and succeeded retiring 34-year incumbent George Aiken.[10] At 34 years old, he was the youngest Senator in Vermont
history.[11] As of 2015, Leahy and Minnesota Congressman Rick Nolan
Rick Nolan
are the only two remaining Watergate Babies
Watergate Babies
in Congress, though Nolan's service ended in 1981 and started again in 2013. With Nolan retiring from Congress in 2018, Leahy is expected to become the only remaining Watergate baby serving in Congress.[12] Leahy was nearly defeated in 1980 by Republican Stewart Ledbetter, winning by only 2,700 votes amid Ronald Reagan's landslide victory.[13] In 1986, he faced what was on paper an even stronger challenger in former Governor Richard Snelling, but Leahy turned back this challenge, taking 64 percent of the vote. In 1992, Secretary of State of Vermont
Jim Douglas
Jim Douglas
held him to 54 percent of the vote. Leahy has not faced a substantive Republican challenger since then. Leahy was the first non-Republican Senator from Vermont
since 1856. As of 2016, he is the only Democrat ever elected to the Senate from Vermont, and one of only three Democrats to represent Vermont
in either house of Congress since the end of the Civil War. However, since 2001, two other Vermont
Senators have caucused with the Democrats. Jim Jeffords
Jim Jeffords
was elected as a Republican before he switched to become an Independent. His successor, Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
was elected as an Independent; he won and then refused the Democratic Party nomination in 2006. In May 1981, Leahy and Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
requested the Senate reject the nomination of John Crowell Jr. as Assistant Agriculture Secretary, Leahy stating his opposition was "because documents have been uncovered since his approval by the Agriculture Committee which suggest that he was aware of and involved in the anti-competitive and monopolistic practices of his former employer."[14] Leahy and Kennedy contented that Crowell concealed his involvement with Louisiana-Pacific, Panhandle Logging Company, and Ketchikan Spruce Mills during the confirmation process.[15] Crowell was confirmed by the Senate.[16] In 1981, Leahy introduced an amendment that if enacted would increase the enforcement budget for the Energy Department by 13 million. He charged the Reagan administration's cuts to the enforcement budget as "de facto amnesty" for violations made by alleged increases in prices for oil companies. The amendment was defeated in the Senate on October 28, by a vote of 48 to 43.[17] On December 2, 1981, Leahy voted in favor[18] of an amendment to President Reagan's MX missiles proposal that would divert the silo system by $334 million as well as earmark further research for other methods that would allow giant missiles to be based. The vote was seen as a rebuff of the Reagan administration.[19][20] In March 1982, Leahy was named to the Senate Select Committee to Study Law Enforcement Undercover Activities of the Department of Justice, an eight-member select committee formed to investigate undercover operations.[21] The resolution which introduced the committee was the result of the resignation of Harrison Williams for his involvement in the Abscam
sting operation.[22][23] On December 23, 1982, Leahy voted in favor[24] of a 5 cent a gallon increase on gasoline taxes across the US imposed to aid the financing of highway repairs and mass transit. The bill passed on the last day of the 97th United States Congress.[25][26] On October 19, 1983, Leahy voted in favor of a bill establishing Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.[27] The legislation was signed into law by President Reagan the following month.[28] In March 1984, Leahy voted against a proposed constitutional amendment authorizing periods in public school for silent prayer,[29] and against President Reagan's unsuccessful proposal for a constitutional amendment permitting organized school prayer in public schools.[30][31] During his tenure as Vice-Chairman of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Select Committee on Intelligence in 1987, Leahy showed an unclassified draft report on the Iran-Contra
affair to a news reporter. At a press conference, Leahy stated, "Even though it was declassified, I was way too careless about it," and accepted blame. Disclosure of that information was against the Intelligence Committee rules, and Leahy said he hastened his already planned departure from the committee because he was so angry at himself.[32] In February 1992, the Bush administration and Israeli officials struggled to compose a deal that would entice both sides to proceed with a loan guarantee package. After a meeting between Secretary of State James Baker
James Baker
and Zalman Shoval
Zalman Shoval
failed to materialize a compromise,[33] Baker informed Leahy of the meeting's contents and the latter announced that he would be introducing his own compromise plan in the event that the United States and Israel could not come to an agreement in the following weeks. Leahy furthered that opposition to the proposal by one side or both would incite him announcing there would not be a loan guarantee package for the year.[34] Later that month, the Bush administration announced the United States would only present Israel with loan guarantees in the event that the Israeli government halt settlement building. Leahy was supportive of the measure and introduced his own proposal that retained the 10 billion in loan guarantees, but "disbursed at a pace up to $2 billion a year for five years."[35] On November 20, 1993, Leahy voted in favor of the North American Free Trade Agreement.[36] The trade agreement linked the United States, Canada and Mexico into a single free trade zone, and was signed into law on December 8 by President Bill Clinton.[37] President Clinton publicly weighed reducing funding for The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) by half. In March 1994, during a news conference, Leahy pledged that he would preserve funding for TEFAP, noting his 1987 lawsuit against Agriculture Secretary Richard Edmund Lyng and declaring that TEFAP maintained the same level of significance presently as it did back then.[38] In August 1994, Leahy attended a news conference with the health advocacy group Public Voice as it urged the federal government to take more ambitious steps in increasing the health quality of school lunches, Leahy praising the 41 schools involved with Public Voice for setting a good example for the remainder of the country and citing the importance of school lunches to education.[39] The 1994 midterm elections resulted in Republicans taking a majority in the House for the first time since the 1950s,[40] and conversation arose of limiting feeding programs. Leahy remarked, "Not since the Great Depression has the possibility of millions of children lining up at soup kitchens been so real."[41] Leahy cosponsored legislation with Republican Richard Lugar
Richard Lugar
that would lead to the downsizing of the Agriculture Department. In December 1994, the Agriculture Department was announced to be closing 1,274 field offices around the US, a scaling back that was estimated to save the United States over 3 billion within the following five years. Leahy said that the Agriculture Department was the only federal agency to be successful in downsizing efforts and called on other agencies to follow its example.[42] In 1994, Leahy introduced legislation that if enacted would propose an encouragement of schools to ban sort drinks and other food items of "minimal nutritional value."[43] Leahy acknowledged the benefits vending provided for other positive areas: "These vending profits go for good causes. But when it comes to vending machine junk food, it would be better to put pupils ahead of vending profits." The legislation was met with opposition by the Coca-Cola Company
Coca-Cola Company
and other representatives from the beverage industry as well as some education organizations.[44] The law was enacted. In October 1999, Leahy voted in favor of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. The treaty was designed to ban underground nuclear testing and was the first major international security pact to be defeated in the Senate since the Treaty of Versailles.[45][46] Later career (1999–present)[edit] The 1998 election was noteworthy in that Leahy had the endorsement of his Republican opponent, Fred Tuttle. Tuttle was the lead actor in the movie Man with a Plan, shot in Vermont, in which a farmer decides to run for the House. Tuttle told voters to vote for Leahy because he didn't want to move to Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.
Leahy was touched by this gesture; he once said that Tuttle was the "distilled essence of Vermonthood". The September 11, 2001 attacks
September 11, 2001 attacks
on the World Trade Center shifted American foreign policy focus to terrorism. In December 2006, during an appearance at the law school of Georgetown University, Leahy stated that after the September 11 attacks, "the White House accelerated its power plays at the expense of the other branches of government -- all in the name of fighting terrorism." Leahy furthered that the administration had declined answering "the legitimate oversight questions of the public's duly elected representatives" as well as broken the law in its wiretapping of Americans without warrants.[47] A year after the terorrist attack, on September 13, 2002, Leahy said in a radio interview that an investigation should be launched into whether the West Nile virus was a biological terrorism effort.[48] During a July 1, 2007 interview, Leahy said he was not against lawful eavesdropping and recommended a revision to the Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act so potential terrorists could be investigated without question.[49] Leahy added that the White House had been subpoenaed so Bush administration officials could explain "the legal justification they tried to follow when, for years, they wiretapped ordinary Americans and everyone else put out a warrant."[49] Leahy was one of two Senators targeted in the 2001 anthrax attacks. The anthrax letter meant for him was intercepted before it reached his office. In 2004, Leahy was awarded the Electronic Privacy Information Center's Champion of Freedom Award for efforts in information privacy and open government. Leahy is regarded as one of the leading privacy advocates in Congress.[citation needed]Leahy is heard often on the issue of land mines. In 2000, Senator Leahy cosigned a letter sent to Appropriations Committee conference members, requesting a delay in implementing Section 304 in H.R. 4392, the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001[50] until it could be fully considered by the Senate Committee on the Judiciary. The amendment would introduce new felony crime laws concerning the unauthorized disclosure of information. Leahy and his colleagues indicated this would be in conflict with existing First Amendment rights and Whistleblower Protection Acts.[51][52]

Former Committee Chairman Robert Byrd
Robert Byrd
(D-WV, far right) shakes hands with Secretary of Defense Robert Gates
Robert Gates
while Sen. Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D-VT, center right) and Sen. Tom Harkin
Tom Harkin
(D-IA) look on. The hearing was held to discuss further funding for the War in Iraq.

On June 22, 2004, Leahy and Vice President Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
participated in the U.S. Senate class photo. After the vote, Cheney was only talking to Republicans. When Leahy asked him to come over and talk to the Democrats, Cheney upbraided Leahy for the Senator's recent excoriations of Halliburton's activities in Iraq. At the end of the exchange, Cheney told Leahy, "Go fuck yourself".[53][54] Leahy joked about the incident in 2007 when he escorted Bernie Sanders, Vermont's newly elected senator, to the well of the Senate where he was sworn in by Cheney: "When it comes to the vice president, it's always better to be sworn in than to be sworn at."[55] In March 2004, Leahy and Orrin Hatch
Orrin Hatch
introduced the Pirate Act backed by the RIAA. In July 2004, Leahy and Hatch introduced the INDUCE Act. Both were aimed at combating copyright infringement.[56] On November 2, 2004, Leahy easily defeated his opponent, businessman Jack McMullen, with 70.6% of the vote. On January 5, 2005, Leahy was sworn in for his sixth term in the Senate by Cheney. On September 21, 2005, Leahy announced his support for John Roberts
John Roberts
to be Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. On January 19, 2006, Leahy announced that he would vote against Judge Samuel Alito
Samuel Alito
to be a justice of the Supreme Court. He has a mixed record on gun control, being one of the few Senate Democrats to vote against the Brady Bill. He voted for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and is in favor of phasing out farm subsidies that are supported by the populist wing of the Democratic Party. He voted against the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA). Leahy voted for the Defense of Marriage Act[57] and was one of the few in his party to support the ban on intact dilation and extraction procedures. In 2005, Project on Government Oversight, a government watchdog group, presented Leahy and Senator John Cornyn
John Cornyn
with its first ever Bi-Partisan Leadership Award in honor of their cooperation on issues of government oversight and transparency, including their co-sponsorship of the OPEN Government Act of 2005, which prevented burying exemptions to the Freedom of Information Act in legislation.[58]

Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy

Main issues Timeline Summary of attorneys Documents Congressional hearings List of Dismissed Attorneys Complete list of related articles

On March 2, 2006, Leahy was one of 10 senators who voted against the USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act, a bill to extend the USA PATRIOT Act. The Reauthorization Act changed the appointment process for interim United States attorneys, allowing the Attorney General of the United States to make interim appointments without term limit, and without Senatorial confirmation. This was an aspect of hearings in the dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy. Both houses voted to overturn the interim appointment provision in March 2007. On January 18, 2007, Leahy received widespread coverage for his cross-examination of Attorney General Alberto Gonzales
Alberto Gonzales
about the Maher Arar affair and the extraordinary rendition of Arar to Syria.[59] Leahy endorsed Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in the 2008 presidential election, and recorded a radio advertisement for the Obama campaign to be aired in Vermont.[60] On September 20, 2010, Leahy introduced the Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act, Senate Bill S. 3804, which would allow the court to issue a restraining order or injunction against Internet domain names which infringe upon copyright.[61] In May 2011, Leahy introduced the Protect IP Act
Protect IP Act
(PIPA) to the Senate. The bill was drafted to give the U.S. government and copyright holders additional tools to fight copyright piracy and counterfeit goods trafficking by foreign rogue websites. Critics of the bill say that it would be ineffective, impede free expression on the internet, and interfere with its infrastructure. Leahy subsequently indicated that he would favor further research into provisions that raised objections.[62] Senator Leahy was chairman of the Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee from 1987 until 1995 and was then chairman of the Judiciary Committee from 2001 until 2003, and regained the chairmanship in 2007. He is one of the key Democratic leaders on Senate issues on rules for filling federal judgeships via advise and consent. Leahy serves as second-highest Democrat on the Appropriations Committee and as Chairman of the Appropriations Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs. In his position as the second-highest Democrat on the Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee Leahy serves as Chairman of the Agriculture Subcommittee on Research, Nutrition and General Legislation. Upon the death of Senate President pro tempore Daniel Inouye
Daniel Inouye
on December 17, 2012, Leahy became the most senior senator in the majority party, and was elected as the new President pro tempore by unanimous consent.[63][64] He was succeeded in this post by Orrin Hatch on January 3, 2015, and became President pro tempore emeritus. According to GovTrack, Leahy is the Senator who has sponsored the most bipartisan bills. 61% of bills had both Democratic and Republican co-sponsors.[65] In July 2015, after the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
was unveiled, an international agreement on the nuclear program of Iran,[66] Leahy issued a statement saying it was preferable to war and calling it "unfortunate" that there were members of Congress opposed to the deal, citing the lack of deal as allowing Iran to further with the development of nuclear weapons.[67][68] On January 18, 2018, Leahy announced he would not support the stopgap measure for the fiscal year to avert a government shutdown, citing the House bill as leaving "too much undone, and it is woefully inadequate". Leahy added that biparisan support for the bill would only come from collaborating with Democrats and charged Republicans with "appealing for our support only after they’ve written a mishmash bill crafted behind closed doors."[69][70] After the United States federal government shutdowns of 2018 commenced,[71] Leahy was one of 18 Senators to vote against proceeding with approving a temporary funding.[72] Committee assignments[edit]

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
speaking at a press conference in Washington, D.C.

Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry

Subcommittee on Rural Revitalization, Conservation, Forestry and Credit Subcommittee on Production, Income Protection and Price Support Subcommittee on Hunger, Nutrition and Family Farms

Committee on Appropriations (Ranking Member, 115th Congress)[73]

Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Subcommittee on Defense Subcommittee on Homeland Security Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Ranking Member) Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies

Committee on the Judiciary

Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and Border Security

Committee on Rules and Administration

Political positions[edit]

Leahy speaking during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

Leahy has held progressive political positions that are generally in line with those of the state. Abortion[edit] He has generally supported abortion rights, rejecting proposals to limit minors or those stationed on military bases from having the procedure performed. He has voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 1995, and for it between 1997 and 2003.[74][75] On March 11, 1982, Leahy voted against a measure sponsored by Senator Orrin Hatch
Orrin Hatch
that sought to reverse Roe v. Wade
Roe v. Wade
and allow Congress and individual states to adopt laws banning abortions. Its passing was the first time a congressional committee supported an anti-abortion amendment.[76][77] Cannabis[edit] Leahy supports states' rights to make their own cannabis laws. He proposed a companion to the Rohrabacher-Farr Amendment which would extend protections to states that have legalized cannabis in some form. It became known as the Leahy Amendment, and prevents the federal government from spending federal tax dollars to prosecute people who are following their state's cannabis laws.[78][79] Civil justice[edit]

Senator Leahy meeting with Chief Judge Merrick Garland, March 2016

In February 2016, Senator Leahy introduced the "Restoring Statutory Rights Act" [80] to "prevent companies from imposing forced arbitration in cases covered by consumer protection laws, as well as employment discrimination and other civil rights matters."[81][82] Civil rights and privacy[edit] He has been supported by the NAACP
and is outspoken in his support for affirmative action. He has supported the legalization of gay marriage and reducing discrimination against gays and lesbians. Leahy has called for the domestic partners of federal employees to receive the same benefits as heterosexual couples.[83] Leahy is a lead sponsor of the Senate version of the Email Privacy Act, which would reform the Electronic Communications Privacy Act
Electronic Communications Privacy Act
of 1986 and enhance privacy protections for email. Leahy sponsors this bipartisan bill with Republican Mike Lee of Utah.[84][85] Criminal justice[edit] Leahy has called for a moratorium on the death penalty and more DNA testing for death row inmates. He supports rehabilitation as the goal of prisons and providing treatment instead of punishment for first-time offenders.[citation needed] Defense[edit] Leahy was a longtime critic of the Iraq
War, and spoke in favor of timetables for troop withdrawal, stating that the country needs well-trained employees in both foreign service and private industry to help repair damage to its civilian structure. He has been critical of the PATRIOT Act, even though he has voted to reauthorize altered versions of it.[83] In June 2013, following the disclosure of PRISM and other covert surveillance activities by the National Security Agency, Leahy introduced a bill that would tighten guidelines related to the acquisition of FISA warrants for domestic surveillance and shorten the current FISA authorization by two years.[86] Leahy has always opposed the opening and operation of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp.[87][88] Economy[edit] On taxation, Leahy has consistently supported progressive rates. He has rejected proposals to remove the Estate Tax
Estate Tax
and Alternative Minimum Tax, and he has spoken out strongly against cutting taxes for the wealthy. Leahy has strongly supported the rights of employees, and has voted to increase the minimum wage and allow for more union organization. He has voted against a free trade proposal, CAFTA, but supported normalizing trade relations with China.[83] Environment[edit] Leahy has been a strong supporter of environmental policy. He has supported bills that would increase hydrogen car production, uphold Corporate Average Fuel Economy
Corporate Average Fuel Economy
standards, set a goal of reducing oil consumption by 40 percent in 2025, and increase solar and wind power funding.[citation needed] Climate change[edit] In 2011, he voted against limiting EPA's ability to regulate greenhouse gas emissions.[89] In 2013, he voted against a concurrent resolution creating a point of order which would make it harder for Congress to put a price on carbon.[90][91] In 2015, he voted in support of Obama's Clean Power Plan.[92] On his Climate Change page, he states that "human activity, since the Industrial Revolution, has contributed, in large part, to the changes in climate".[93] He has supported the establishment of greenhouse gas tradeable allowances and has spoken out against the use of ethanol as a solution to rising gasoline prices.[83] First Amendment[edit] Leahy spoke strongly against a proposed constitutional ban on flag burning and on its implications for freedom of speech and expression. He rejects school prayer initiatives.[citation needed] Gun laws[edit] Leahy has generally supported gun control, including requiring background checks at gun shows and allowing for lawsuits against firearms manufacturers. He voted in favor of prohibiting foreign and UN aid that inhibits gun ownership.[83] Health care[edit] Leahy has stated the importance of increasing the prevalence of public health care during times of economic downturn. He voted to increase Medicare benefits and to allow this organization to negotiate lower-priced, bulk prescriptions from pharmaceutical manufacturers. Leahy has broken with Democratic leadership in supporting allowing states to make bulk drug purchases on their own, an idea he has characterized as an important short-term solution until Congress can agree on a similar proposal.[citation needed] In a May 2012 speech on the Senate floor, Leahy advocated that Chief Justice John Roberts
John Roberts
uphold the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act: "The conservative activism of recent years has not been good for the court. Given the ideological challenge to the Affordable Care Act and the extensive, supportive precedent, it would be extraordinary for the Supreme Court not to defer to Congress in this matter that so clearly affects interstate commerce."[94] In March 2017, after House Republicans withdrew the American Health Care Act, Leahy released a statement touting the accomplishments of the Affordable Care Act and charging Republicans with trying to undo the record with a bill that was really "a massive tax cut for the wealthiest Americans."[95] Human rights[edit] Leahy joined ten House of Representative members in asking the State Department to investigate suspected human rights violations by Egyptian and Israeli security forces, in particular citing claims of extrajudicial killings which may trigger the Leahy Law, a law that can cause the suspension of all American military aid to countries guilty of such abuses.[96] While Leahy has signed resolutions in support of Israel's right to self-defense, he has also been critical of human rights violations in the region, especially after the 2008 Operation Cast Lead. In 2011, Leahy initially promoted a bill to cut the military aid to three elite IDF units, after reports of human rights violations during the Gaza flotilla raid
Gaza flotilla raid
and in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.[97] Other[edit] Leahy has consistently voted to uphold Social Security and has opposed school vouchers.[83] Awards[edit] In 2013, Leahy received the U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[98] The Congressional Management Foundation awarded Leahy a "Silver Mouse Award" for his use of the Internet in his Senate work.[99] Personal life[edit] Leahy is a fan of the Grateful Dead. He has not only attended concerts, but has a collection of the band's tapes in his Senate Offices. Jerry Garcia
Jerry Garcia
visited him at his Senate offices, and Leahy gave a tie designed by Garcia to Senator Orrin Hatch
Orrin Hatch
(who responded by giving Leahy a Rush Limbaugh
Rush Limbaugh
tie). Surviving band members Bob Weir
Bob Weir
and Mickey Hart
Mickey Hart
have participated in fund-raisers for Leahy and his Political Action Committee, the Green Mountain Victory Fund. Leahy appeared in a videotaped tribute to the Dead when they received a life-time achievement award at the 2002 Jammys. His Senate web-site notes this response to a question from seventh-grade students from Vermont's Thetford Academy who asked Leahy which Dead song was his favorite, he replied: "... my favorite is "Black Muddy River" but we always play "Truckin'" on election night at my headquarters."[citation needed] Leahy is a published photographer.[100] He is a Roman Catholic who attends Saint Andrew's Church in Waterbury, Vermont. He also attends Holy Trinity Catholic Church when he is in Washington, D.C.[101] In October 1991, Leahy was taken to Arlington Hospital for a series of tests following his becoming ill during the Senate vote to confirm Clarence Thomas
Clarence Thomas
as Associate Justice. His spokesman Joseph Jamele said the decision to go to a hospital was made after Leahy had a pain in his chest.[102] Comic book fan[edit] Leahy is a fan of comic books, and in particular the character Batman. He wrote the foreword to The Dark Knight Archives, Volume 1 (a 1992 collection of the first four Batman
comic books), the preface essay for Batman: Death of Innocents (a 1996 graphic novel about the horrors of landmines), and the introduction to Green Arrow: the Archer's Quest (a single-volume collection of a six-issue story arc). Leahy has also made several cameo appearances in Batman
television episodes and films, beginning with an uncredited cameo in Batman Forever (1995).[103][104] He voiced a territorial governor in the Batman: The Animated Series episode "Showdown" (1995), appeared as himself in the film Batman
& Robin (1997), and appeared twice in the Dark Knight Trilogy as a Wayne Enterprises
Wayne Enterprises
board member. In The Dark Knight (2008), he tells the Joker "We're not intimidated by thugs", to which the Joker replies, "You know, you remind me of my father. I hated my father."[105] In The Dark Knight Rises
The Dark Knight Rises
(2012), he defended the legacy of the Wayne family against attempts to usurp the company by industrialist John Daggett.[106] Leahy also appeared in Batman
v Superman: Dawn of Justice, playing Senator Purrington, in a scene set during a Senate hearing which is subsequently destroyed by an explosion.[107] All royalties and fees from Leahy's roles are donated to charities, primarily the Kellogg-Hubbard library in Vermont
where he read comic books as a child.[104][108] Filmography[edit]

Title Year Role Notes

Forever 1995 Himself Uncredited Cameo

Batman: The Animated Series 1995 Territorial Governor 1 Episode: "Showdown"

& Robin 1997 Himself Cameo

The Dark Knight 2008 Wayne Enterprises
Wayne Enterprises
Board Member

The Dark Knight Rises 2012

v Superman: Dawn of Justice 2016 Senator Purrington

Electoral history[edit]

United States Senate
United States Senate
Democratic primary election in Vermont, 1974

Patrick Leahy, 83.90% Nathaniel Frothingham, 15.69%

United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Vermont, 1974

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D), 49.47% Richard W. Mallary
Richard W. Mallary
(R), 46.38% Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
(LU), 4.13%[109]

United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Vermont, 1980

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D, inc.), 49.76% Stewart M. Ledbetter (R), 48.59% Anthony N. Doria (I), 0.84% Earl S. Gardner (LU), 0.75%

United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Vermont, 1986

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D, inc.), 63.16% Richard A. Snelling
Richard A. Snelling
(R), 34.50% Anthony N. Doria (Conservative), 1.51% Jerry Levy (LU), 0.81%

United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Vermont, 1992

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D, inc.), 54.16% Jim Douglas
Jim Douglas
(R), 43.35% Jerry Levy (LU), 1.79% Michael B. Godeck (Freedom for LaRouche), 0.62%

United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Vermont, 1998

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D, inc.), 72.22% Fred Tuttle (R), 22.45% Hugh Douglas (L), 1.96% Barry Nelson
Barry Nelson
(I), 1.35% Robert Melamede (Grassroots), 1.15% Jerry Levy (LU), 0.58%

United States Senate
United States Senate
Democratic primary election in Vermont, 2004

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(inc.), 94.32% Craig Hill, 5.40%

United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Vermont, 2004

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D, inc.), 70.63% Jack McMullen (R), 24.54% Cris Ericson (I), 2.11% Craig Hill (G), 1.30% Keith Stern (I), 1.07% Ben Mitchell (LU), 0.29%

United States Senate
United States Senate
Democratic primary election in Vermont, 2010

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(inc.), 89.06% Daniel Freilich, 10.94%

United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Vermont, 2010

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D, inc.), 64.36% Len Britton (R), 30.93% Daniel Freilich (I), 1.51% Cris Ericson (Marijuana), 1.16% Stephen Cain (I), 1.00% Peter Diamondstone (Socialist), 0.61% Johenry Nunes (I), 0.43%

United States Senate
United States Senate
Democratic primary election in Vermont, 2016

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(inc.), 89.15% Cris Ericson, 10.85%

United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Vermont, 2016

Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D, inc.), 59.99% Scott Milne
Scott Milne
(R), 32.34% Cris Ericson (Marijuana), 2.86% Jerry Trudell (I), 1.63% Peter Diamondstone (LU), 1.01%


^ "Senate's Leahy finds peace on his Vermont
farm". MSNBC. Associated Press. July 6, 2009.  ^ Nutting, Brian; Hawkins, David (2003). Politics In America 2004. Washington, DC: CQ Press. p. 1026.  ^ "State's Attorney, City Grand Juror Resign". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. May 7, 1966. p. 13. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Leahy Sworn in as State's Atty". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. May 10, 1966. p. 13. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Chittenden County Democratic". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. November 9, 1966. p. 15. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Boardman, William (August 12, 2012). " Vermont
Attorney General Race Doesn't Have a Lot of Rules". Independent Voter Project. San Diego, CA.  ^ "Boston.com - Sen. Leahy and wife, Marcelle, celebrate 50 years". Boston Globe. Retrieved September 2, 2012.  ^ United States Senate
United States Senate
(1983). An Amendment to the National Security Act of 1947: Hearings Before the Select Committee on Intelligence of the United States Senate
United States Senate
(PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC. pp. 25–26.  ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (January 19, 2013). " Vermont
Sen. Leahy Takes Shots Like No One Else". USA Today. Tysons Corner, VA.  ^ United States Senate
United States Senate
(April 15, 2013). "Vermont's United States Senators". senate.gov.  ^ Associated Press
Associated Press
(ed.). " Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
sworn in as president pro tempore of Senate after Daniel Inouye's death". The Oregonian.  ^ "Nolan won't seek re-election". Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ "U.S. Senator - 1980 General Election Results - Vermont" (PDF). vermont-elections.org. April 15, 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ Hillgren, Sonja (May 19, 1981). "Two Democrats led the opposition Tuesday to President Reagan's..." UPI.  ^ "NEW HEARINGS ASKED ON FORESTS NOMINEE". New York Times. May 17, 1981.  ^ "News Summary; THURSDAY, MAY 21, 1981". New York Times.  ^ "SENATE VOTES INTERIOR DEPT. BILL EXCEEDING NEW REAGAN BUDGET GOAL". New York Times. October 28, 1981.  ^ "The 90-4 vote by which the Senate approved the..." UPI. December 3, 1981.  ^ Roberts, Steven V. (December 3, 1981). "SENATORS REJECT PLAN FOR PLACING MX MISSILE IN SILOS". New York Times.  ^ Webbe, Stephen (December 4, 1981). "Reagan scorns Senate rejection of silo-based MX missile plan". The Christian Science Monitor.  ^ "SENATE UNIT STARTS STUDYING F.B.I. UNDERCOVER INQUIRIES". New York Times. July 21, 1982.  ^ "WILLIAMS QUITS SENATE SEAT AS VOTE TO EXPEL HIM NEARS; STILL ASSERTS HE IS INNOCENT; Text of farewell speech, page B2". New York Times. March 12, 1982.  ^ Bachrach, Judy. "Facing Expulsion from the Senate He Loves, Harrison Williams Finds Some Unlikely Supporters", People (magazine), February 1, 1982. Accessed March 5, 2011. "One of them, who asks for anonymity, recalls 'going over to Pete and Nancy's house in Westfield, N.J. and having coffee together. Pete looked about 80 years old—horrible.'" ^ "The 54-33 vote by which the Senate gave final..." UPI. December 23, 1982.  ^ Tolchin, Martin (December 24, 1982). "FILIBUSTER CUT OFF, SENATE VOTES RISE IN GAS TAX, 54 TO 33". New York Times.  ^ "Senate Passes Gas-Tax Bill, Closes the 97th". Washington Post. December 24, 1982.  ^ "SENATE'S ROLL-CALL VOTE ON KING HOLIDAY". New York Times. October 20, 1983.  ^ Reagan, Ronald (November 2, 1983). "Remarks on Signing the Bill Making the Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., a National Holiday". Reagan Library.  ^ "SENATE VOTE ON SCHOOL PRAYER". New York Times. March 16, 1984.  ^ "AMENDMENT DRIVE ON SCHOOL PRAYER LOSES SENATE VOTE". New York Times. March 21, 1984.  ^ "SENATE'S ROLL-CALL ON SCHOOL PRAYER". March 21, 1984.  ^ Engelberg, Stephen (July 29, 1987). " Iran-Contra
Hearings; Senator Leahy Says He Leaked Report Of Panel". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ "Israeli compromise to get loans falls short of U.S. goal". The Pittsburgh Press. February 8, 1992.  ^ "ISRAEL INFORMS U.S. OF STAND ON LOANS". New York Times. February 8, 1992.  ^ "Senators Press Baker on Israel Loan Guarantees". New York Times. February 26, 1992.  ^ "Senate Roll-Call On Trade Pact". New York Times. November 21, 1993.  ^ "Clinton Signs Free Trade Agreement". New York Times. December 9, 1993.  ^ "A nationwide food bank announced Tuesday it serves 26..." UPI. March 8, 1994.  ^ "Group urges new school food standards". UPI. August 30, 1994.  ^ Republican Revolution Fades USA Today, January 19 2003 ^ "Abroad at Home; Thanks And Giving". New York Times. November 25, 1994.  ^ Nutting, Rex (December 6, 1994). "USDA to close 1,274 field offices". UPI.  ^ "Senator, Promoting Student Nutrition, Battles Coca-Cola". New York Times. April 26, 1994.  ^ "SODA MACHINES IN SCHOOLS OPEN UP A CAN OF WORMS". Washington Post. October 14, 1996.  ^ Schmitt, Eric (October 14, 1999). "DEFEAT OF A TREATY: THE OVERVIEW; SENATE KILLS TEST BAN TREATY IN CRUSHING LOSS FOR CLINTON; EVOKES VERSAILLES PACT DEFEAT". New York Times.  ^ Dewar, Helen (October 14, 1999). "Senate Rejects Test Ban Treaty". Washington Post.  ^ Johnson, David (December 14, 2006). "New Judiciary Subcommittee Is to Focus on Civil Liberties". New York Times.  ^ Marquis, Christopher (September 13, 2002). " Vermont
Senator Wants Study Of Terror Link to West Nile Virus". New York Times.  ^ a b "Leahy: Surveillance needed within limits". UPI. July 1, 2007.  ^ Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001. Fas.org. Retrieved December 4, 2011. ^ House Judiciary Committee Asserts Jurisdiction Over "Anti-Leak" Provision. Fas.org. Retrieved December 4, 2011. ^ Sens. Leahy, Grassley, and Schumer Urge Deferral of New Leak Statute. Fas.org. Retrieved December 4, 2011. ^ 'Countdown with Keith Olbermann' for July 25 – Countdown with Keith Olbermann. MSNBC
(July 26, 2007). Retrieved December 4, 2011. ^ "Cheney Dismisses Critic With Obscenity". The Washington Post. June 25, 2004. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ Leahy relishing rise to power: Times Argus Online Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Timesargus.com (December 10, 2006). Retrieved December 4, 2011. ^ Techies Blast Induce Act. Wired. Retrieved December 4, 2011. ^ " Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
Marriage". Retrieved July 22, 2012.  ^ Good Government Award Home Page. Archived July 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Project On Government Oversight Website. Retrieved July 1, 2010. ^ "U.S. 'knew damn well' Arar would be tortured: senator". CBC News. January 18, 2007. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012.  ^ "Campaign advertisement recording". 2008. Retrieved 2016-11-13.  ^ Read The Bill: S. 3804 [111th. GovTrack (September 20, 2010). Retrieved December 4, 2011. ^ Potter, Ned (January 17, 2012). "Blackout: Websites Wikipedia, Reddit, Others Go Dark Wednesday to Protest SOPA, PIPA". ABC News. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ "Vermont's Leahy now 3rd in presidential succession". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Associated Press. December 17, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2016.  ^ "Leahy will become president pro tempore of Senate". Politico.  ^ "2013 Report Cards". GovTrack. Retrieved August 15, 2014.  ^ "Zarif: We've never claimed nuclear deal only favors Iran". Tehran Times. 22 July 2015.  ^ "Vermont's Leahy, Sanders, Welch praise Iran nuclear deal". newsok.com. July 15, 2015.  ^ "Vermont's Leahy, Sanders, Welch praise Iran nuclear deal". northcountrypublicradio.org. July 15, 2015.  ^ "Senator Leahy to oppose another stopgap spending bill". Reuters. January 18, 2018.  ^ "Senator Leahy to Oppose Another Stopgap Spending Bill". usnews.com. January 18, 2018.  ^ "Government shuts down on one-year anniversary of Trump presidency". CBS News. January 20, 2018. Retrieved January 20, 2018.  ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica (January 22, 2018). "How senators voted to end the government shutdown". CNN. Retrieved January 24, 2018.  ^ "Senate Democrats elect Chuck Schumer
Chuck Schumer
as their new leader".  ^ "108th Congress, 1st Session". US Senate. 2003. Retrieved 2016-11-13.  ^ Views and voting record regarding abortion; The Political Guide; 2016 ^ "ABORTION CURBS ENDORSED, 10-7, BY SENATE PANEL". New York Times. March 11, 1982.  ^ "HOWARD BAKER TRYING TO TAME AN UNRULY SENATE". New York Times. March 28, 1982.  ^ "Washington's Most Powerful Anti-Pot Official Is Named Sessions. It's Not Who You Think". POLITICO Magazine. Retrieved 2018-03-23.  ^ Kinzel, Bob. "Leahy To Trump Administration: Don't Threaten States That Legalize Marijuana". Retrieved 2018-03-23.  ^ "To restore statutory rights to the people of the United States from forced arbitration" (PDF). US Senate. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2016-11-13.  ^ Walker, Mandy (February 9, 2016). "Proposed Law Would Roll Back Mandatory Arbitration". Consumer Reports.  ^ Leahy, Patrick (2016-02-04). "Statement of Senator Patrick Leahy" (PDF). US Senate. Retrieved 2016-11-13.  ^ a b c d e f " Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
on the Issues". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved August 29, 2010.  ^ Amir Nasr, Lee, Leahy Call on Senate to Take Up House-Passed Email Privacy Bill Archived August 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Morning Consult (April 27, 2016). ^ Dawn Kawamoto, Email Privacy Act Wins Sweeping Approval In House, InformationWeek (April 28, 2016). ^ Blake, Aaron (June 24, 2013). "Leahy proposes new oversight of surveillance programs". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 24, 2013.  ^ Leahy, Patrick (May 18, 2013). "Leahy responds to Gitmo criticism". Brattleboro Reformer. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Mr. Evers and I agree that the status quo at Guantanamo is unacceptable. I was one of few in the Senate who strongly opposed the decision to open the prison a decade ago, and I continue to believe that the prison at Guantanamo must be closed. Mr. Evers apparently missed it, but my most recent statement about the need to close Guantanamo, two weeks ago, is on my website for all to see at leahy.senate.gov/press/gitmo. As I said in that statement, the Guantanamo prison is not necessary to keep America safe, it contradicts our most basic principles of justice, and it undermines our national security.  ^ Leahy, Patrick (April 30, 2013). "Comment Of Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Chairman, Senate Committee On The Judiciary, On The President's Remarks Tuesday On Guantanamo Bay". United States Senate. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Judiciary Committee Chairman Senator Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D-Vt.) issued the following comment Tuesday after President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
reiterated his position that the military detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, should be closed – a view that Leahy has long shared.  ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 112th Congress - 1st Session, Vote Number 54, 2011-04-06." www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-02.  ^ "Detail for 2013 Senate Roll Call Vote 59 Voter Information Services – vote wisely, live better". www.vis.org. Retrieved 2016-10-02.  ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress - 1st Session, Vote Number 59, 2013-03-22." www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-02.  ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 114th Congress - 1st Session, Vote Number 307, 2015-11-17." www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-02.  ^ "Climate Change U.S. Senator Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
of Vermont". www.leahy.senate.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-02.  ^ Mears, Bill (May 15, 2012). "Leahy urges high court to 'do the right thing,' keep health care law". CNN.  ^ "Welch, Sanders and Leahy respond to defeat of health care bill". USA Today. March 24, 2017.  ^ "Leahy asked State Department to investigate suspected Israeli human rights violations". Retrieved 30 March 2016.  ^ "U.S. Senator Seeks to Cut Aid to Elite IDF Units Operating in West Bank and Gaza". Retrieved 30 March 2016.  ^ "Coburn, Leahy among Jefferson winners". Politico.  ^ "112th Congress Gold Mouse Award Winners". Congressional Management Foundation. Retrieved October 31, 2014.  ^ Simon, Roger (August 1, 2007). "Leahy attacks Bush, Roberts". Politico. Archived from the original on August 26, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2013. Instead, it contains pictures that Leahy, a published photographer, has taken. The centerpiece -- placed, Leahy says, so he can stare into it every day from his desk -- is a haunting one of a man he met in a refugee camp in El Salvador in 1982.  ^ Friedman, Jeanette (October 27, 2010). "What Is Patrick Leahy's Religion?". Politics Daily. Archived from the original on September 18, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2015.  ^ "Leahy ordered to rest after bout of illness". UPI. October 16, 1991.  ^ Cooper, Matthew (March 1996). "Hollywood, D.C." Los Angeles. p. 70. Vermont
senator Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
filmed a cameo appearance in Batman
Forever;  ^ a b Heintz, Paul (July 11, 2012). "Fair Game: Holy Cash, Batman!". Seven Days. Warner Bros has cast the caped crusader aficionado in four films — from 1995's Batman
Forever to the brand-new The Dark Knight Rises. According to a Leahy staffer, Warner Bros. paid the senator $10,000 in royalties over the years, all of which he's donated to Kellogg-Hubbard, his boyhood library. A 2008 Montpelier screening of The Dark Knight raised nearly $100,000 for the library, which named a wing after Leahy.  ^ Belluck, Pam (July 12, 2008). "Holy Cameo, Batman! It's a Senator!". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved May 18, 2013.  ^ McDevitt, Caitlin (July 3, 2012). "Leahy making another 'Dark Knight' cameo". Politico. Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved May 18, 2013. The Vermont
Democrat, who's a big Batman fan, also made an appearance in the "The Dark Knight" a few years ago. In the scene, the Joker, played by Heath Ledger, holds Leahy at knifepoint.  ^ Affleck, Ben (March 26, 2015). "Opening Statement, Senate hearing on diplomacy". C-SPAN.  ^ "Senator Leahy has Speaking Role in Upcoming Batman
Film". The Hill. July 3, 2012.  ^ " Vermont
Elections Database: Bernie Sanders". Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Profile at Project Vote Smart Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress

External links[edit]

Senator Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
official U.S. Senate site Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
for Senate Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
on IMDb

Party political offices

Preceded by Robert Johnson Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Vermont (Class 3) 1974, 1980, 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010, 2016 Most recent

U.S. Senate

Preceded by George Aiken U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Vermont 1975–present Served alongside: Robert Stafford, Jim Jeffords, Bernie Sanders Incumbent

Preceded by Jesse Helms Chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee 1987–1995 Succeeded by Richard Lugar

Preceded by Edward Zorinsky Ranking Member of the Senate Agriculture Committee 1995–1997 Succeeded by Tom Harkin

Preceded by Joe Biden Ranking Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee 1997–2001 Succeeded by Orrin Hatch

Preceded by Orrin Hatch Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee 2001–2003

Ranking Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee 2003–2007 Succeeded by Arlen Specter

Preceded by Arlen Specter Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee 2007–2015 Succeeded by Chuck Grassley

Preceded by Chuck Grassley Ranking Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee 2015–2017 Succeeded by Dianne Feinstein

Preceded by Barbara Mikulski Ranking Member of the Senate Appropriations Committee 2017–present Incumbent

Political offices

Preceded by Daniel Inouye President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate 2012–2015 Succeeded by Orrin Hatch

Honorary titles

Preceded by Daniel Inouye Dean of the U.S. Senate 2012–present Incumbent

Most senior Democrat in the U.S. Senate 2012–present

Vacant Title last held by Ted Stevens President pro tempore emeritus of the U.S. Senate 2015–present

Order of precedence

First United States Senators by seniority 1st Succeeded by Orrin Hatch

v t e

United States Senators from Vermont

Class 1

M. Robinson Tichenor Chipman Smith J. Robinson Tichenor Seymour Swift Phelps Foot Edmunds Proctor Stewart Page Greene Partridge Austin Flanders Prouty Stafford Jeffords Sanders

Class 3

Bradley Paine Bradley Chase Fisk Palmer Chase Prentiss Crafts Upham Phelps Brainerd Collamer Poland Morrill Ross Dillingham Dale Gibson, Sr. Gibson, Jr. Aiken Leahy

v t e

Vermont's current delegation to the United States Congress


Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(D) Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders


Peter Welch
Peter Welch

Other states' delegations

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Non-voting delegations

American Samoa District of Columbia Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands

v t e

Current United States Senators

President: Pence (R) — President Pro Tempore: Hatch (R)


AL:    Shelby (R)    Jones (D)

AK:    Murkowski (R)    Sullivan (R)

AZ:    McCain (R)    Flake (R)

AR:    Boozman (R)    Cotton (R)

CA:    Feinstein (D)    Harris (D)

CO:    Bennet (D)    Gardner (R)

CT:    Blumenthal (D)    Murphy (D)

DE:    Carper (D)    Coons (D)

FL:    Nelson (D)    Rubio (R)

GA:    Isakson (R)    Perdue (R)

HI:    Schatz (D)    Hirono (D)

ID:    Crapo (R)    Risch (R)

IL:    Durbin (D)    Duckworth (D)

IN:    Donnelly (D)    Young (R)

IA:    Grassley (R)    Ernst (R)

KS:    Roberts (R)    Moran (R)

KY:    McConnell (R)    Paul (R)

LA:    Cassidy (R)    Kennedy (R)

ME:    Collins (R)    King (I)

MD:    Cardin (D)    Van Hollen (D)

MA:    Warren (D)    Markey (D)

MI:    Stabenow (D)    Peters (D)

MN:    Klobuchar (D)    Smith (D)

MS:    Wicker (R)    Vacant

MO:    McCaskill (D)    Blunt (R)

MT:    Tester (D)    Daines (R)

NE:    Fischer (R)    Sasse (R)

NV:    Heller (R)    Cortez Masto (D)

NH:    Shaheen (D)    Hassan (D)

NJ:    Menendez (D)    Booker (D)

NM:    Udall (D)    Heinrich (D)

NY:    Schumer (D)    Gillibrand (D)

NC:    Burr (R)    Tillis (R)

ND:    Hoeven (R)    Heitkamp (D)

OH:    Brown (D)    Portman (R)

OK:    Inhofe (R)    Lankford (R)

OR:    Wyden (D)    Merkley (D)

PA:    Casey (D)    Toomey (R)

RI:    Reed (D)    Whitehouse (D)

SC:    Graham (R)    Scott (R)

SD:    Thune (R)    Rounds (R)

TN:    Alexander (R)    Corker (R)

TX:    Cornyn (R)    Cruz (R)

UT:    Hatch (R)    Lee (R)

VT:    Leahy (D)    Sanders (I)

VA:    Warner (D)    Kaine (D)

WA:    Murray (D)    Cantwell (D)

WV:    Manchin (D)    Moore Capito (R)

WI:    Johnson (R)    Baldwin (D)

WY:    Enzi (R)    Barrasso (R)

   Republican (50)    Democratic (47)    Independent (2)

v t e

Current leadership of the United States Senate

President: Mike Pence
Mike Pence
(R) President pro tempore: Orrin Hatch
Orrin Hatch

Majority (Republican) Minority (Democratic)

Mitch McConnell
Mitch McConnell
(Leader) John Cornyn
John Cornyn
(Whip) John Thune
John Thune
(Conference Chair) John Barrasso
John Barrasso
(Policy Committee Chair) Roy Blunt
Roy Blunt
(Conference Vice Chair) Cory Gardner
Cory Gardner
(Campaign Committee Chair) Mike Lee (Steering Committee Chair) Mike Crapo
Mike Crapo
(Chief Deputy Whip)

Chuck Schumer
Chuck Schumer
(Leader and Caucus Chair) Dick Durbin
Dick Durbin
(Whip) Patty Murray
Patty Murray
(Assistant Leader) Debbie Stabenow
Debbie Stabenow
(Policy Committee Chair) Mark Warner
Mark Warner
and Elizabeth Warren
Elizabeth Warren
(Caucus Vice Chair) Amy Klobuchar
Amy Klobuchar
(Steering Committee Chair) Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
(Outreach Committee Chair) Joe Manchin
Joe Manchin
(Policy Committee Vice Chair) Tammy Baldwin
Tammy Baldwin
(Caucus Secretary) Chris Van Hollen
Chris Van Hollen
(Campaign Committee Chair) Jeff Merkley
Jeff Merkley
(Chief Deputy Whip) Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy
(Senate President pro tempore emeritus)

v t e

Current chairs and Ranking Members of United States Senate
United States Senate

Chairs (Republican) Ranking Members (Democratic)

Aging (Special): Susan Collins Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry: Pat Roberts Appropriations: Richard Shelby Armed Services: John McCain Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs: Mike Crapo Budget: Mike Enzi Commerce, Science, and Transportation: John Thune Energy and Natural Resources: Lisa Murkowski Environment and Public Works: John Barrasso Ethics (Select): Johnny Isakson Finance: Orrin Hatch Foreign Relations: Bob Corker Health, Education, Labor and Pensions: Lamar Alexander Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: Ron Johnson Indian Affairs: John Hoeven Intelligence (Select): Richard Burr International Narcotics Control (Caucus): Chuck Grassley Judiciary: Chuck Grassley Rules and Administration: Roy Blunt Small Business and Entrepreneurship: Jim Risch Veterans' Affairs: Johnny Isakson

Aging (Special): Bob Casey Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry: Debbie Stabenow Appropriations: Patrick Leahy Armed Services: Jack Reed Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs: Sherrod Brown Budget: Bernie Sanders Commerce, Science, and Transportation: Bill Nelson Energy and Natural Resources: Maria Cantwell Environment and Public Works: Tom Carper Ethics (Select): Chris Coons Finance: Ron Wyden Foreign Relations: Bob Menendez Health, Education, Labor and Pensions: Patty Murray Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: Claire McCaskill Indian Affairs: Tom Udall Intelligence (Select): Mark Warner International Narcotics Control (Caucus): Dianne Feinstein Judiciary: Dianne Feinstein Rules and Administration: Amy Klobuchar Small Business and Entrepreneurship: Jeanne Shaheen Veterans' Affairs: Jon Tester

v t e

Deans of the United States Senate

Gunn/Langdon Foster Brown Hillhouse Anderson Gaillard Ruggles King Benton Mangum Pearce Bayard/Foot Foot Wade Sumner Chandler Anthony Edmunds Morrill Allison Hale Frye Cullom Gallinger Lodge Warren Simmons Smoot Borah Smith McKellar George Hayden Russell Ellender Aiken Eastland/McClellan Eastland Magnuson Stennis Thurmond Byrd Inouye Leahy

v t e

Chairmen of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on the Judiciary

Chase Crittenden Burrill Smith Van Buren Berrien Rowan Marcy Wilkins Clayton Grundy Wall Berrien Ashley Butler Bayard Trumbull Wright Edmunds Thurman Edmunds Hoar Pugh Hoar Platt Clark Culberson Nelson Brandegee Cummins Norris Ashurst Van Nuys McCarran Wiley McCarran Langer Kilgore Eastland Kennedy Thurmond Biden Hatch Leahy Hatch Leahy Hatch Specter Leahy Grassley

v t e

Chairmen of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry

Agriculture (1829–1857; 1863–1881)

Marks Seymour Brown Page P. Smith Mouton Linn Upham Sturgeon Soulé Allen (abolished 1857–1863) Sherman Cameron Morton Frelinghuysen Paddock Johnston

Agriculture and Forestry (1884–1977)

Miller Palmer Paddock George Proctor Hansbrough Dolliver Warren Burnham Gore Gronna Norris McNary E. Smith Thomas Capper Thomas Ellender Aiken Ellender Talmadge

Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (1977–)

Talmadge Helms Leahy Lugar Harkin Lugar Harkin Cochran Chambliss Harkin Lincoln Stabenow Roberts

v t e

Patriot Act

Titles I · II · III · IV · V · VI · VII · VIII · IX · X (History)

Acts modified

Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 Electronic Communications Privacy Act Computer Fraud and Abuse Act Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Money Laundering Control Act Bank Secrecy Act Right to Financial Privacy Act Fair Credit Reporting Act Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 Victims of Crime Act of 1984 Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act


George W. Bush John Ashcroft Alberto Gonzales Patrick Leahy Orrin Hatch Jon Kyl Dianne Feinstein Viet D. Dinh Joe Biden Michael Chertoff Barack Obama Eric Holder Chuck Schumer Lamar Smith Bob Graham Jay Rockefeller Arlen Specter Mike Oxley Dick Armey Paul Sarbanes Trent Lott Tom Daschle Russ Feingold Ellen Huvelle Ron Paul Lisa Murkowski Ron Wyden Dennis Kucinich Larry Craig John E. Sununu Richard Durbin Bernie Sanders Jerrold Nadler John Conyers, Jr. Butch Otter

Government organizations

Federal Bureau of Investigation Department of Justice Select Committee on Intelligence Department of the Treasury FinCEN Department of State National Institute of Standards and Technology Customs Service U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

Non-government organizations

American Civil Liberties Union American Library Association Center for Democracy and Technology Center for Public Integrity Electronic Frontier Foundation Electronic Privacy Information Center Humanitarian Law Project

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 267315101 LCCN: n77013301 ISNI: 0000 0003 8306 1222 GND: 170634116 US Congress: L000174 SN