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The Paris
Paris
Police
Police
Prefecture (French: Préfecture de police de Paris) is the unit of the French Ministry of the Interior which provides police, emergency services and various administrative services to the population of the city of Paris
Paris
and the surrounding three suburban départements of Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, and Val-de-Marne. It is headed by the Prefect
Prefect
of Police
Police
( Préfet
Préfet
de police). "La PP" (Préfecture de Police), as it is also known, supervises the Paris
Paris
Police
Police
force, the Paris
Paris
Fire Brigade
Fire Brigade
and various administrative departments in charge of issuing ID cards and driver licenses or monitoring alien residents. The Prefecture of Police
Police
also has security duties in the wider Île-de-France
Île-de-France
région as the Préfet
Préfet
de Police
Police
is also Préfet
Préfet
de Zone de Défense ( Prefect
Prefect
for the Defense zone)[2]. Since 2017, it has acquired direct responsibility for the three main airports of the Paris
Paris
area (Charles de Gaulle, Orly and Le Bourget). The préfecture[3] is a large building located in the Place Louis Lépine on the Île de la Cité. This building was built as a barracks for the Garde républicaine from 1863 to 1867 (architect Pierre-Victor Calliat) and was occupied by the Prefecture in 1871. As it is the capital of France, with government assemblies and offices and foreign embassies, Paris
Paris
poses special issues of security and public order. Consequently, the national government has been responsible for providing law enforcement and emergency services since the creation of the Lieutenancy General of Police
Police
(lieutenance générale de police) by Louis XIV
Louis XIV
on March 15, 1667. Disbanded at the start of the French Revolution
French Revolution
in 1789, it was replaced by the current Prefecture of Police
Police
created by Napoléon I
Napoléon I
on February 17, 1800. This means that Paris
Paris
does not have its own police municipale and that the Police
Police
Nationale provides these services directly as a subdivision of France's Ministry of the Interior. Policemen assigned to "la PP" are part of the Police
Police
nationale but the Police
Police
Prefect
Prefect
reports directly to the Interior Minister, not to the director of the Police
Police
nationale (Directeur général de la Police nationale or DGPN). In Parisian slang, the police were sometimes known as "the archers", a very old slang term in reference to the archers of the long-defunct Royal Watch.

Contents

1 Jurisdiction 2 Nomination and missions 3 Address 4 Organization 5 Prefect
Prefect
and Director of the Cabinet 6 Prefect
Prefect
and Secretary General for the Administration of the Police 7 Prefect
Prefect
and Secretary General for the Zone of Defence 8 Resources 9 Activities 10 List of lieutenant generals and prefects of police

10.1 Lieutenant generals of police 10.2 Prefects of police

11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Jurisdiction[edit]

Paris
Paris
Police
Police
Headquarters at Place Louis Lépine, 1 rue de Lutèce, 75004 Paris
Paris
(métro Cité).

The jurisdiction of the Prefecture of Police
Police
was initially the Seine département. Its jurisdiction also included the communes (municipalities) of Saint-Cloud, Sèvres, Meudon, and Enghien-les-Bains, which were located in the Seine-et-Oise département. These four communes were added in the 19th century to the jurisdiction of the Prefecture of Police
Police
in order to ensure special protection of the imperial/royal residences located there. The Seine département was disbanded in 1968 and the jurisdiction of the Prefecture of Police
Police
is now the city of Paris
Paris
(which is both a commune and a département) and the three surrounding départements of Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne. This territory made up of four départements is larger than the pre-1968 Seine département. The Prefecture of Police
Police
also has limited jurisdiction over the whole Île-de-France
Île-de-France
région for the coordination of law enforcement. The Prefect
Prefect
of Police, acting as Prefect
Prefect
of the Defense Zone of Paris ( Préfet
Préfet
de la Zone de Défense de Paris), is in charge of planning non-military defense measures to keep public order, guarantee the security of public services, and organize rescue operations (in case of natural disaster) for the whole Île-de-France
Île-de-France
région (which is made up of eight départements, the four inner ones being the regular jurisdiction of the Prefecture of Police, and the four outer ones being outside of its regular jurisdiction). As such, he coordinates the work of the departmental préfets of Île-de-France. Nomination and missions[edit] Headed by a prefect titled The " Prefect
Prefect
of Police", who (as are all prefects) is named by the President in the Council of Ministers, and operates under the Minister of the Interior, commands the Prefecture which is responsible for the following:

security of Paris, if necessary in collaboration with the military; issuing identification cards, drivers licenses, passports, residential and work permits for foreigners; motor vehicle registration and traffic control; registration of associations, and their creation, status modification and dissolution; protection of the environment, general salubrity; determining the dates of discount sales in large stores which can be held only twice a year; issuing permits to bakeries/boulangeries for their summer vacation to assure that all the bakeries in a given neighborhood are not closed at the same time; management of police and firefighters.

The Prefect
Prefect
of Police
Police
can issue arrêtés (local writs) defining rules pertaining to his field of competency. For instance, the rules of operation and security of Paris
Paris
public parks are issued as joint arrêtés from the Mayor of Paris
Paris
and the Prefect
Prefect
of Police. Until 1977, Paris
Paris
had indeed no elected mayor and the police was essentially in the hands of the préfet de police. However, the powers of the mayor of Paris
Paris
were increased at the expense of those of the Préfet
Préfet
de Police
Police
in 2002, notably for traffic and parking decisions (the préfet retains the responsibility on main thoroughfares such as the Champs-Élysées
Champs-Élysées
avenue, and on any street during the organization of demonstrations). There is also a prefect of Paris, prefect for the Île-de-France region, whose services handle some tasks not devoted to the Police Prefect, such as certain classes of building permits. Address[edit]

Place Louis Lépine, 1 rue de Lutèce, 75004 Paris
Paris
(métro Cité) Tel: 01 54 73 53 73, 01 53 71 53 71, 01 40 79 79 79. Emergency telephone number: 1-1-2

Emergency medical service SAMU/ SMUR
SMUR
(Hospital Based) 1-5 Police
Police
1-7 Fire Brigade
Fire Brigade
(Operates emergency ambulances as EMS) 1-8

Organization[edit]

Peugeot of the Paris
Paris
Police
Police
Prefecture.

Police
Police
boat

The PP is headed by a politically appointed prefect who is assisted by the prevote, who is the senor police officer of the force. The Prefecture of Police
Police
is divided into three sub-prefectures headed by prefects due to their importance. Because the Police
Police
Prefecture provides some services that are normally provided by city governments, its funding partially comes from the City
City
of Paris
Paris
and other city governments within its jurisdiction. In addition to forces from the National Police, the Police
Police
Prefecture has traffic wardens or crossing guards who enforce parking rules; it has recently added some wardens that direct traffic at crossroads and other similar duties, known as circulation, with specific uniforms. Prefect
Prefect
and Director of the Cabinet[edit] Consists of the Cabinet (staff) itself

Gendarmerie Nationale Liaison Office

and 6 Local Directorates:

Public Security - uniformed police officers

Lost and Found Property Central Accident Service

Public Order and Traffic Control - uniformed police who protect public buildings, provide crowd and traffic control services Judicial Police
Police
( Police
Police
judiciaire) - detectives and investigators (the 36 quai des Orfèvres) General Information - records Inspectorate - internal affairs Paris
Paris
Fire Brigade
Fire Brigade
- the military unit which provides all fire and emergency ambulance services (other emergency medical services are provided by SAMU/SMUR)

and other agencies:

Classified Facility Inspectorate Psychiatric Infirmary Toxicology Laboratory Central Laboratory-explosives, pollution, chemical analysis,electrical and fire safety, etc.

Prefect
Prefect
and Secretary General for the Administration of the Police[edit] with four Administrative Directorates:

General Police-Administrative police duties

Medico-Legal Institute

Traffic, Transport and Trade Population Protection - Public health matters.

Veterinary Service

Human Resources - Personnel, budget, equipment and police labor disputes.

Prefect
Prefect
and Secretary General for the Zone of Defence[edit] with two agencies:

Defence Zone staff Interdepartmental Service for Civil Defence

Resources[edit]

Renault Kangoo of the Prefecture of Police
Police
of Paris.

Budget

One billion Euros by National government 488 million Euros by Paris
Paris
and surrounding departments of the little crown.

Personnel

45,860 employees, of which 30,200 police officers 8,300 Military Personnel of the Paris
Paris
Fire Brigade

494 Facilities, stations and offices 6,120 vehicles - includes police cars, firetrucks, motorcycles, boats and helicopters.

Activities[edit]

350,000 incidents of crime reports two million administrative documents issues 200,000 drivers licenses issued

List of lieutenant generals and prefects of police[edit] Before the French Revolution, the head of the Paris
Paris
Police
Police
was the lieutenant général de police, whose office was created in March 1667 when the first modern police force in the world was set up by the government of King Louis XIV
Louis XIV
to police the city of Paris. The office vanished at the start of the French Revolution
French Revolution
and police was vested in the hands of the Paris
Paris
Commune. Reorganized by Napoléon Bonaparte in 1800, the Paris
Paris
Police
Police
has been headed by the préfet de police since that time. Lieutenant generals of police[edit]

Gabriel Nicolas de la Reynie: March 29, 1667 – January 29, 1697 Marc René de Voyer de Paulmy, marquis d'Argenson: January 29, 1697 – January 28, 1718 Louis Charles de Machault d'Arnouville (father of French statesman Jean-Baptiste de Machault d'Arnouville): January 28, 1718 – January 26, 1720 Marc Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy, comte d'Argenson
Marc Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy, comte d'Argenson
(son of Marc René): January 26 – July 1, 1720 Gabriel Taschereau de Baudry: July 1, 1720 – April 26, 1722 Marc Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy, comte d'Argenson: April 26, 1722 – January 28, 1724 Nicolas Ravot d'Ombreval: January 28, 1724 – August 28, 1725 René Hérault
René Hérault
(grandfather of French Revolution
French Revolution
politician Hérault de Séchelles): August 28, 1725 – December 21, 1739 Claude-Henri Feydeau de Marville: December 21, 1739 – May 27, 1747 Nicolas René Berryer: May 27, 1747 – October 29, 1757 Henri Léonard Jean-Baptiste Bertin: October 29, 1757 – November 21, 1759 Antoine de Sartine: November 21, 1759 – August 24, 1774 Jean Charles Pierre Lenoir: August 24, 1774 – May 14, 1775 Joseph d'Albert: May 14, 1775 – June 19, 1776 Jean Charles Pierre Lenoir: June 19, 1776 – July 31, 1785 Louis Thiroux de Crosne: July 31, 1785 – July 16, 1789

Source: Centre historique des Archives nationales, Série Y, Châtelet de Paris, on page 38 of the PDF. Prefects of police[edit]

Louis-Nicolas Dubois: March 8, 1800 – October 14, 1810 Étienne-Denis Pasquier: October 14, 1810 – May 13, 1814 Jacques Claude Beugnot: May 13 – December 27, 1814 Antoine Balthazar Joachim d'André: December 27, 1814 – March 14, 1815 Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne: March 14 – March 20, 1815 Pierre-François Réal: March 20 – July 3, 1815 Eustache Marie Pierre Marc-Antoine Courtin: July 3 – July 9, 1815 Élie Decazes: July 9 – September 29, 1815 Jules Anglès: September 29, 1815 – December 20, 1821 Guy Delavau: December 20, 1821 – January 6, 1828 Louis-Marie Debelleyme: January 6, 1828 – August 13, 1829 Claude Mangin: August 13, 1829 – July 30, 1830 Nicolas Bavoux: July 30 – August 1, 1830 Louis Gaspard Amédée Girod de l'Ain: August 1 – November 7, 1830 Achille Libéral Treilhard: November 7 – December 26, 1830 Jean Jacques Baude: December 26, 1830 – February 21, 1831 Alexandre François Vivien: February 21 – September 17, 1831 Sébastien Louis Saulnier: September 17 – October 15, 1831 Henri Gisquet: October 15, 1831 – September 10, 1836 Gabriel Delessert: September 10, 1836 – February 24, 1848 Marc Caussidière: February 24 – May 18, 1848 Ariste Jacques Trouvé-Chauvel: May 18 – July 19, 1848 François-Joseph Ducoux: July 19 – October 14, 1848 Guillaume François Gervais: October 14 – December 20, 1848 Chéri Rebillot: December 20, 1848 – November 8, 1849 Pierre Carlier: November 8, 1849 – October 27, 1851 Charlemagne de Maupas: October 27, 1851 – January 22, 1852 Sylvain Blot (acting): January 23 – January 27, 1852 Pierre-Marie Piétri: January 27, 1852 – March 16, 1858 Symphorien Boittelle: March 16, 1858 – February 21, 1866 Joseph-Marie Piétri (fr) (younger brother of Pierre-Marie Piétri): February 21, 1866 – September 4, 1870 Émile de Kératry: September 4 – October 10, 1870 Edmond Adam (husband of French writer Juliette Adam): October 11 – November 2, 1870 Ernest Cresson: November 2, 1870 – February 11, 1871 Albert Choppin (acting): February 11 – March 16, 1871 Louis Ernest Valentin: March 16 – November 17, 1871 Léon Renault: November 17, 1871 – February 9, 1876 Félix Voisin: February 9, 1876 – December 17, 1877 Albert Gigot: December 17, 1877 – March 3, 1879 Louis Andrieux
Louis Andrieux
(natural father of famous French poet Louis Aragon): March 4, 1879 – July 16, 1881 Jean Louis Ernest Camescasse: July 16, 1881 – April 23, 1885 Félix-Alexandre Gragnon: April 23, 1885 – November 17, 1887 Léon Bourgeois: November 17, 1887 – March 10, 1888 Henri Lozé: March 10, 1888 – July 11, 1893 Louis Lépine: July 11, 1893 – October 14, 1897 Charles Blanc: October 14, 1897 – June 23, 1899 Louis Lépine: June 23, 1899 – March 29, 1913 Célestin Hennion: March 30, 1913 – September 2, 1914 Émile Marie Laurent: September 3, 1914 – June 3, 1917 Louis Hudelo: June 3 – November 23, 1917 Fernand Raux: November 23, 1917 – May 13, 1921 Robert Leullier: May 14, 1921 – July 5, 1922 Armand Naudin: July 5, 1922 – August 25, 1924 Alfred Morain: August 25, 1924 – April 14, 1927 Jean Chiappe: April 14, 1927 – February 3, 1934 Adrien Bonnefoy-Sibour: February 3 – March 20, 1934 Roger Langeron: March 20, 1934 – February 13, 1941 Camille Marchand (acting): February 13 – May 14, 1941 François Bard: May 14, 1941 – May 21, 1942 Amédée Bussière: May 21, 1942 – August 19, 1944 Charles Luizet: August 19, 1944 – March 20, 1947 Armand Ziwès (acting): March 20 – May 27, 1947 Roger Léonard: May 27, 1947 – May 2, 1951 Jean Baylot: May 2, 1951 – July 13, 1954 André Dubois: July 13, 1954 – November 21, 1955 Roger Genebrier: November 21, 1955 – December 16, 1957 André Lahillonne: December 16, 1957 – March 14, 1958 Maurice Papon: March 15, 1958 – January 18, 1967 Maurice Grimaud: January 18, 1967 – April 13, 1971 Jacques Lenoir: April 13, 1971 – July 1, 1973 Jean Paolini: July 1, 1973 – May 3, 1976 Pierre Somveille: May 3, 1976 – August 8, 1981 Jean Périer: August 8, 1981 – June 9, 1983 Guy Fougier: June 9, 1983 – July 17, 1986 Jean Paolini: July 17, 1986 – August 16, 1988 Pierre Verbrugghe: August 16, 1988 – April 30, 1993 Philippe Massoni: April 30, 1993 – April 9, 2001 Jean-Paul Proust: April 9, 2001 – December 6, 2004 Pierre Mutz: December 6, 2004 – June 11, 2007 Michel Gaudin: June 11, 2007 – May 2012 Bernard Boucault: May 2012 – July 2015 Michel Cadot: July 2015 - April 2017 Michel Delpuech: since April 2017

Sources: La Grande Encyclopédie, volume 27, page 95, published in 1900. See scan of the full text at Gallica: [1]. / List of Prefects of Paris
Paris
on rulers.org: [2]. / Archives of Le Monde: [3]. See also[edit]

Minister of the Interior (France) Police
Police
in France Police
Police
Nationale Department of Public Safety

References[edit]

^ Décret du 19 avril 2017 portant nomination du préfet de police - M. DELPUECH (Michel) https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000034443721&categorieLien=id ^ Île-de-France
Île-de-France
is one of the seven Defense zones of the French metropolitan territory. ^ The term préfecture describles both the administation and the buiding(s) where it is located.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Préfecture de police (Paris).

Coordinates: 48°51′16″N 2°20′48″E / 48.854386°N 2.346800°E / 48.854386; 2.346800

Official Website (in English) Official Website (in French)

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