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Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
Silveri (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpaːolo dʒentiˈloːni]; born 22 November 1954) is an Italian politician serving as the 57th and current Prime Minister of Italy
Prime Minister of Italy
since 12 December 2016.[2][3] A member of the Democratic Party, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 31 October 2014 until December 2016, when President Sergio Mattarella
Sergio Mattarella
asked him to form a new government.[4] Previously, he was Minister of Communications from 2006 to 2008, during the second government of Romano Prodi.

Contents

1 Early life and family 2 Early political career

2.1 Rome
Rome
City Council 2.2 Member of Parliament and Minister

3 Minister of Foreign Affairs 4 Prime Minister of Italy

4.1 Immigration 4.2 Labour policies 4.3 Social policies 4.4 Electoral law 4.5 2018 election 4.6 Foreign policies

5 Public image 6 Health 7 Electoral history 8 References 9 External links

Early life and family[edit] A descendant of Count
Count
Gentiloni Silveri, Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
is related to the Italian politician Vincenzo Ottorino Gentiloni, who was the leader of the conservative Catholic Electoral Union and a key ally of the long-time Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti.[5] Gentiloni has the titles of Nobile of Filottrano, Nobile of Cingoli, and Nobile of Macerata.[6] Gentiloni was born in Rome
Rome
in 1954, during his childhood he attended a Montessori institute, where he became a friend of Agnese Moro, the daughter of Aldo Moro, a Christian democratic leader and Prime Minister. During early 1970s he attended the Classical Lyceum Torquato Tasso in Rome;[7] he graduated in political sciences at the La Sapienza University. Gentiloni was a professional journalist before entering politics.[8] In 1989 he married Emanuela Mauro, an architect; they have no children. Gentiloni speaks fluently English, French and German.[9] Early political career[edit] During 1970s, Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
was a member of the Student Movement (Movimento Studentesco), an extreme left-wing youth organization led by Mario Capanna;[10] when Capanna founded the Proletarian Democracy party, Gentiloni did not follow him, and joined the Workers' Movement for Socialism, a far-left maoist group, of whom he became the regional secretary for Lazio.[11] During those years he became a close friend of Chicco Testa
Chicco Testa
who helped Gentiloni to become director of La Nuova Ecologia ("The New Ecology"), the official newspaper of Legambiente. As director of this ecological newspaper he met the young leader of Federation of the Greens, Francesco Rutelli
Francesco Rutelli
and became, along with Roberto Giachetti, Michele Anzaldi and Filippo Sensi, a member of the so-called "Rutelli boys", a group formed by Rutelli's closest advisors and supporters.[12] Rome
Rome
City Council[edit]

Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
with Francesco Rutelli
Francesco Rutelli
in 1993.

In 1993 he became Rutelli’s spokesman during his campaign to become Mayor of Rome; after the election, which saw a strong victory by Rutelli against Gianfranco Fini, leader of the neo-fascist Italian Social Movement, Gentiloni was appointed Jubilee and Tourism Councillor in the Rome
Rome
City Council.[13] Gentiloni held this office until January 2001, when Rutelli resigned to become the centre-left candidate to the premiership in the 2001 general election. However Rutelli was soundly defeated by former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi with 35.1% of votes against 49.6%.[14] Member of Parliament and Minister[edit] In the 2001 general election, Gentiloni was elected as a Member of Parliament and started his national political career. In 2002 he was a founding member of the Christian leftist The Daisy
The Daisy
party, being the party’s communications spokesman for five years.[15] From 2005 until 2006, he was Chairman of the Broadcasting Services Watchdog Committee; the committee oversees the activity of state broadcaster RAI, which is publicly funded.[16] He was reelected in the 2006 election as a member of The Olive Tree, the political coalition led by the Bolognese economist Romano Prodi. After the centre-left's victory, Gentiloni served as Minister for Communications in Prodi's second government from 2006 until 2008.[17]

Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
as a member of the Chamber of Deputies in 2006.

As minister Gentiloni planned to reform the Italian television
Italian television
system, with the overcome of the Gasparri Law, the previous reform proposed by the centre-right lawmaker Maurizio Gasparri.[18] The reform provided, between other things, the reduction of advertising.[19] However, in 2007, the government suffered a crisis and lost its majority, so the reform had never been approved.[20] He was one of the 45 members of the national founding committee of the Democratic Party in 2007, formed by the union of the democratic socialists Democrats of the Left
Democrats of the Left
and the Christian leftist The Daisy.[21] Gentiloni was re-elected in the 2008 general election, which saw the victory of the conservative coalition led by Silvio Berlusconi. In this legislature he was a member of the Committee regarding Transports and Telecommunications. On 6 April 2013 he ran in the primary election to select the center-left candidate for Mayor of Rome, placing third after Ignazio Marino, who became Mayor, and the journalist David Sassoli.[22] Gentiloni was elected again to the Chamber of Deputies in the 2013 general election, as part of the centre-left coalition Italy. Common Good led by Pier Luigi Bersani, Secretary of the PD. In 2013, after Bersani's resignation as Secretary, Gentiloni supported the Mayor of Florence, Matteo Renzi, in the Democratic Party leadership election.[23] Minister of Foreign Affairs[edit]

Gentiloni with United States Secretary of State
United States Secretary of State
John Kerry
John Kerry
in Rome
Rome
in June 2016.

On 31 October 2014 Gentiloni was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs by Prime Minister Matteo Renzi; Gentiloni succeeded Federica Mogherini, who became High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.[24] He took office two months before Italy's rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union
European Union
ended in December 2014.[16] At the time of his appointment, Gentiloni had not been mentioned in political circles as a candidate. Renzi had reportedly wanted to replace Mogherini with another woman, to preserve gender parity in his 16-member cabinet. Also, Gentiloni was not known as a specialist in international diplomacy.[16] On 13 February 2015, during an interview on Sky TG24, Gentiloni stated that "if needed, Italy
Italy
will be ready to fight in Libya
Libya
against the Islamic State, because the Italian government can not accept the idea that there is an active terrorist threat only a few hours from Italy by boat."[25] The following day Gentiloni was threatened by ISIL, which accused him of being a crusader, minister of an enemy country.[26] In March 2015 Gentiloni visited Mexico
Mexico
and Cuba
Cuba
and met Cuban President Raúl Castro, ensuring the Italian support for the normalization of relations between Cuba
Cuba
and the United States.[27] On 11 July 2015, a car bomb exploded outside the Italian consulate in the Egyptian capital Cairo, resulting in at least one death and four people injured; the Islamic State claimed responsibility.[28][29][30] On the same day Gentiloni stated that " Italy
Italy
will be not intimidated" and would continue the fight against terrorism.[31]

Gentiloni with Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
and Federica Mogherini
Federica Mogherini
in September 2016.

In December 2015, Gentiloni hosted a peace conference in Rome
Rome
with the representatives from both governments of Libya
Libya
involved in the civil war, but also from the United Nations, the United States
United States
and Russia.[32] As Foreign Minister, Gentiloni had to confront various abductions of Italian citizens. In January 2015, he negotiated the release of Vanessa Marzullo and Greta Ramelli after they had been held hostage by Syrian terrorists for 168 days.[33] Another high-profile case was the murder of Giulio Regeni, an Italian Cambridge University
Cambridge University
graduate student killed in Cairo
Cairo
following his abduction on January 25, 2016;[34] Regeni was a Ph.D. student[35] researching Egypt's independent trade unions.[36] In the 2016 United Nations
United Nations
Security Council election, Gentiloni and his Dutch counterpart Bert Koenders
Bert Koenders
agreed on splitting a two-year term on the United Nations
United Nations
Security Council after the United Nations General Assembly was deadlocked on whether to choose Italy
Italy
or the Netherlands
Netherlands
following five rounds of voting for the last remaining 2017–18 seat.[37]

Prime Minister of Italy[edit] Main article: Gentiloni Cabinet

Gentiloni with Matteo Renzi
Matteo Renzi
during the swearing-in ceremony.

On 7 December 2016, Prime Minister Matteo Renzi
Matteo Renzi
announced his resignation, following the rejection of his proposals to overhaul the Italian Senate
Italian Senate
in the 2016 Italian constitutional referendum. A few days later, on 11 December 2016, Gentiloni was asked by President Mattarella to form a new government.[38] On the following day Gentiloni was officially sworn in as the new head of the government.[39] He led a coalition government supported by his own Democratic Party and the Christian democratic Popular Area, composed of the New Centre-Right and the Centrists for Italy. This was the same majority that had supported Renzi's government for almost three years.[40] Meanwhile, the centrist Liberal Popular Alliance
Liberal Popular Alliance
(ALA), led by Denis Verdini, did not support the new cabinet because no member of the ALA was appointed as a minister.[41] On 13 December his cabinet won a confidence vote in the Chamber of Deputies, with 368 votes for and 105 against, while the deputies of the Five Star Movement
Five Star Movement
and the Lega Nord
Lega Nord
left the chamber.[42] On the following day the government also won a confidence vote in the Senate of the Republic, with 169 votes for and 99 against.[43] On 29 December deputy ministers of the Democratic Party, New Centre-Right, as well as the Italian Socialist Party and Solidary Democracy, were appointed. After the split of the Democrats and Progressives from the Democratic Party, that party was presented by one deputy minister in the government. On 19 July 2017 Gentiloni became Minister of Regional Affairs ad interim, after the resignation of Enrico Costa, member of Popular Alternative, who often criticized Gentiloni's views and ideas, especially regarding immigration and birthright citizenship.[44] On 24 March 2018, following the elections of the presidents of the two houses of the Italian Parliament, Roberto Fico
Roberto Fico
(M5S) and Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati (FI), Gentiloni resigned his post to President Mattarella; however he will remain in office until a new cabinet will be formed.[45][46] Immigration[edit]

Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
with French President Emmanuel Macron
Emmanuel Macron
in May 2017.

A major problem faced by Gentiloni upon becoming Prime Minister in 2016 was the high levels of illegal immigration to Italy. On 2 February 2017, Gentiloni reached a deal in Rome
Rome
with Libyan Chairman of the Presidential Council Fayez al-Sarraj
Fayez al-Sarraj
on halting migration. Libya
Libya
agreed to try to stop migrants from setting out to cross the Mediterranean Sea.[47] On 9 February, Gentiloni signed a similar deal with President of Tunisia
Tunisia
Beji Caid Essebsi, to prevent the migration across the Mediterranean.[48] In December 2017, the Gentiloni announced the peacekeeping mission which consists in the sending of 450 soldiers in Niger, to help the local forces in the fight against migrants' traffickers and Islamic terrorism.[49] The deal was reached along with French President Emmanuel Macron, who stated that French troops, which were already in the area, will cooperate with Italian ones.[50][51] Labour policies[edit] In March 2017 the government abolished the use of labour vouchers, bonds of the redeemable transaction type which are worth a certain monetary value and which may be spent only for specific reasons or on specific goods, commonly one-off labour services.[52] The government decided to promote this law after a referendum that was called by Italy's main trade union CGIL.[53] Gentiloni stated that he decided to abolish them, because he did not want to split the country in another referendum, after the December 2016 constitutional one.[54] Social policies[edit] On 19 May 2017, the Council of Ministers, on the proposal of Prime Minishter Gentiloni and Health Minister Beatrice Lorenzin, approved a decree law containing urgent vaccine prevention measures that reintroduces the mandatory vaccination, bringing the number of mandatory vaccines from 4 to 12 and not allowing those who have not been vaccinated to attend school.[55][56] On 14 December 2017, the Parliament officially approved a law concerning the advance healthcare directive, better known as "living will", a legal document in which a person specifies what actions should be taken for their health if they are no longer able to make decisions for themselves because of illness or incapacity. With this law, living will has become legal in Italy.[57] The law also provided the refusal of end-of-life cares.[58] The bill was harshly opposed by many Christian democratic and social conservative politicians of Forza Italia, Lega Nord, Brothers of Italy
Italy
and even PD's ally Popular Alternative, while it was supported by PD, Five Star Movement, Democratic and Progressive Movement and Italian Left.[59] The Catholic Church, led by Pope Francis, did not put up major objections to the living will law, saying that a balance needed to be struck with the prevention of excessive treatment or therapeutic obstinacy.[60] Electoral law[edit] After the rejection of the constitutional reform, the Parliament had to change the electoral law proposed by Renzi's government; in fact the so-called Italicum regulates only the election of the Chamber of Deputies, and not the one of the Senate, which, if the reform passed, would be indirectly elected by citizens. The PD proposed a new electoral law called Mattarellum
Mattarellum
bis, better known as Rosatellum,[61] from the name of his main proponent Ettore Rosato, Democratic leader in the Chamber of Deputies.[62] This electoral law was similar to the one which was applied in Italy
Italy
from 1993 to 2005.[63] The Rosatellum used an additional member system, which act as a mixed system, with 36% of seats allocated using a first past the post electoral system and 64% using a proportional method, with one round of voting. The Senate and the Chamber of Deputies did not differ in the way they allocated the proportional seats, both using the D'Hondt method of allocating seats.[64][65] The new electoral law was supported by PD and his government ally Popular Alternative, but also by the opposition parties Forza Italia and Lega Nord.[66] Despite many protests from the Five Star Movement
Five Star Movement
and the Democratic and Progressive Movement, which accused Renzi and Gentiloni to have used the confidence vote in order to approve the law,[67] on 12 September the electoral law was approved by the Chamber of Deputies with 375 votes in favor and 215 against.[68] 2018 election[edit] On 28 December 2017 President Sergio Mattarella, after a meeting with Gentiloni, dissolved the Parliament, calling for new elections, which was held on March 4, 2018.[69] Gentiloni remains in office, with all his powers, until a new cabinet is formed.[70] In the election the centre-right alliance, in which Matteo Salvini's League emerged as the main political force, won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate, while the anti-establishment Five Star Movement led by Luigi Di Maio
Luigi Di Maio
became the party with the largest number of votes and the centre-left coalition, led by Renzi, came third.[71][72] However, due to the largely proportional electoral law, no political group or party won an outright majority, resulting in a hung parliament. In his electoral constituency in the city centre of Rome, Gentiloni won with 42.06% of votes against the centre-right candidate Luciano Ciocchetti (30.85%) and the Five Star, Agiolino Cirulli, who gained 16.73%.[73] Foreign policies[edit]

Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
with U.S. President Donald Trump
Donald Trump
in April 2017.

Gentiloni strongly supports European integration
European integration
and a multispeed Europe.[74] During his premiership, Gentiloni faced several challenging foreign policy situations, such as the European debt crisis, the civil war in Libya, the insurgency of the Islamic State (IS) in the Middle East. Gentiloni set up good relations with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, UK Prime Minister Theresa May, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron.[75] As Prime Minister, he hosted the 43rd G7 summit
43rd G7 summit
in Taormina, Sicily. This summit was the first one for him and also for U.S. President Donald Trump, Prime Minister May, and President Macron.[76] It was the first time since 1987 that the G7 summit in Italy
Italy
was not hosted by Silvio Berlusconi. Public image[edit] According to public opinion surveys in December 2017, after one year of government, Gentiloni's approval rating was 44%, the second highest rating after the one of President Sergio Mattarella, and far higher than the other prominent politicians; moreover his approval rating has increased since he came into office.[77][78] Health[edit] On 10 January 2017, after an official trip in Paris
Paris
to meet President François Hollande, Gentiloni suffered an obstructed coronary artery and received an emergency angioplasty.[79] On the following day Gentiloni tweeted that he felt well and would be back at work soon.[80] On the same day he also received the wishes from President Sergio Mattarella, former Prime Ministers Matteo Renzi
Matteo Renzi
and Silvio Berlusconi, and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.[81] Electoral history[edit]

2018 general election (C): Rome’s 1st district

Candidate Party Votes %

Paolo Gentiloni Centre-left coalition 47,737 42.1

Luciano Ciocchetti Centre-right coalition 35,014 30.9

Angiolino Cirulli Five Star Movement 19,987 16.7

Others 11,741 10.3

Total 113,479 100.0

References[edit]

^ "Chi è Emanuela Mauro, la moglie di Paolo Gentiloni". Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Camera dei Deputati- Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
Silveri". Camera dei Deputati - Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
Silveri.  ^ Rovelli, Michela (11 December 2016). "Governo, Gentiloni accetta l'incarico di governo: "Un grande onore"". Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 11 December 2016.  ^ "Chi è Paolo Gentiloni, nuovo ministro degli esteri". Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ Vincenzo Ottorino Gentiloni ^ Quel ministro rutelliano che era renziano prima ancora del premier ^ La scalata del conte Gentiloni da figlioccio di Rutelli agli Esteri ^ Governo – Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
Silveri ^ Gentiloni, premier 'verde' con il pallino delle Comunicazioni ^ Trocino, Alessandro (13 December 2016). "Gentiloni, Mario Capanna: "Negli anni 70 Paolo era con noi ma neanche mi accorsi di lui"" (in Italian). Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 14 December 2016.  ^ Paolo Gentiloni
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– Il Sole24Ore ^ Da Gentiloni a Giachetti è l' ora dei Rutelli-boys ^ Chi è Paolo Gentiloni ^ Il governo a Berlusconi ^ Profilo personale. Archived 2014-10-31 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c Paolo Biondi and Roberto Landucci (October 31, 2014), Italy
Italy
PM picks Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
as new foreign minister in surprise choice Reuters. ^ Giada Zampano (October 31, 2014), Italy’s Prime Minister Names Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
as Foreign Minister Wall Street Journal. ^ Legge Gasparri, la Ue avvia la procedura d'infrazione ^ Riforma televisiva: le linee guida di Gentiloni ^ Il “ddl Gentiloni” di riforma della Rai ^ Governo, dopo Matteo l’incendiario il pompiere Gentiloni. L’unico nome comune tra Franceschini, Bersani e Renzi ^ "Primarie Pd, a Roma stravince Marino: secondo Sassoli, terzo Gentiloni". Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ Ecco chi è Gentiloni. Passato tra la sinistra stalinista ^ "Gentiloni giura al Quirinale, è il nuovo ministro degli Esteri: "Governo dev'essere all'altezza"". 31 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ " Italy
Italy
"ready to fight" in Libya
Libya
if needed - foreign minister". Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ "Terrorismo, radio dello Stato islamico cita Gentiloni: "Ministro dell'Italia crociata"". 14 February 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ "Gentiloni incontra Raul Castro a Cuba". Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ "ISIS claims responsibility for bomb attack against Italian consulate in Cairo
Cairo
News, Middle East". The Daily Star. 2015-07-06. Retrieved 2015-07-11.  ^ "Islamic State 'behind blast' at Italian consulate in Cairo
Cairo
- BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2015-07-11.  ^ "1 dead in car bomb blast at Italian Consulate in Egypt
Egypt
- CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2015-07-11.  ^ AFP/PTI (11 July 2015). " Italy
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not 'intimidated' by Cairo
Cairo
consulate attack: Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni". Retrieved 24 October 2016 – via Business Standard.  ^ "Heads of rival Libyan parliaments meet in Malta, seek more time for unity government". Times of Malta. 15 December 2015. Retrieved 16 December 2015.  ^ Liam Moloney (January 16, 2015), Italy
Italy
Says Against Paying Ransom for Hostages Wall Street Journal. ^ "Italian student found dead in Cairo
Cairo
'killed by violent blow to the head'". The Guardian.  ^ " Cambridge University
Cambridge University
student Giulio Regeni 'was tortured and suffered burns' in Egypt, claim reports". Cambridge News.  ^ " Italy
Italy
Summons Egyptian Ambassador Over Death of Student in Cairo". The Wall Street Journal. 4 February 2016.  ^ Michelle Nichols (June 28, 2016), Italy, Netherlands
Netherlands
propose split U.N. Security Council seat for 2017-18 Reuters. ^ "L'ascesa di Paolo Gentiloni, dalla Margherita alla Farnesina" [Paolo Gentiloni's rise: from the Daisy to the Farnesina]. La Repubblica (in Italian). Rome: Gruppo Editoriale L’Espresso. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2015.  ^ "Il governo Gentiloni ha giurato, ministri confermati tranne Giannini. Alfano agli Esteri. Minniti all'Interno. Boschi sottosegretario". 12 December 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Governo Gentiloni, il ministro scelto da Mattarella: "Stessa maggioranza, gli altri non ci stanno". Lunedì la squadra - Il Fatto Quotidiano". 11 December 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ Be.Mon. "Governo, Denis Verdini
Denis Verdini
si sfila: "No fiducia a governo fotocopia"". Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Governo, Gentiloni ha la fiducia della Camera". 13 December 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Governo Gentiloni, fiducia al Senato con 169 "sì". Come Renzi alla "prima" a Palazzo Madama". 14 December 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Governo, si è dimesso ministro Enrico Costa: "Niente ambiguità"". 19 July 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ Colle, Gentiloni si è dimesso da presidente del Consiglio ^ Le dimissioni di Gentiloni ^ "Italy, Libya
Libya
reach deal on halting migration ahead of EU summit". 2 February 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Migranti: Alfano, domani accordo Tunisia
Tunisia
- Africa". 8 February 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ Il governo manderà soldati italiani in Niger ^ Patto Gentiloni-Macron per il Sahel ^ Italy
Italy
PM plans to shift military forces from Iraq to Niger ^ "Abolizione dei voucher: ecco il decreto legge". Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ ""La Cgil è contro i voucher perché chi viene pagato così non si iscrive al sindacato"". Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Addio ai voucher, Gentiloni: "Sarebbe stato un errore dividere il paese"". Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Gentiloni: 'Vaccini obbligatori. Sanzioni per i trasgressori'". Repubblica Tv - la Repubblica.it. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Vaccini, approvato il decreto sull'obbligo fin da nidi e materne". 19 May 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ Il biotestamento è legge dello Stato: via libera definitivo al Senato con 180 sì ^ Italy
Italy
to Allow Living Wills and the Refusal of End-of-Life Care ^ Il biotestamento è legge, ok definitivo del Senato ^ Italy
Italy
approves ‘living wills’ for end-of-life medical treatment ^ Legge elettorale, il 5 giugno in aula. Il Pd spinge sul Rosatellum, ma i numeri in Senato restano incerti ^ Legge elettorale, cosa prevede il 'Rosatellum' ^ Arriva il "Rosatellum", Renzi: a giugno la nuova legge elettorale ^ Rosatellum, come funziona la legge elettorale e cosa prevede ^ Rosatellum 2.0, tutti i rischi del nuovo Patto del Nazareno ^ Il patto a quattro Pd-Ap-Lega-Fi regge. Primo ok al Rosatellum, ma da martedì in Aula entra nel mirino dei franchi tiratori ^ Così la legge elettorale è diventata una questione di fiducia ^ Rosatellum approvato alla Camera. Evitata la trappola dello scrutinio segreto. Via libera al salva-Verdini ^ Italy’s President Calls National Elections, as Country Grapples With Economic Pain ^ Che poteri ha Gentiloni in "ordinaria amministrazione" ^ "Elezioni politiche: vincono M5s e Lega. Crollo del Partito democratico. Centrodestra prima coalizione. Il Carroccio sorpassa Forza Italia". 4 March 2018.  ^ Sala, Alessandro. "Elezioni 2018: M5S primo partito, nel centrodestra la Lega supera FI".  ^ Elezioni Camera: Collegio uninominale di Roma 1 ^ "Ue, Merkel: "Sì a Europa a due velocità". Gentiloni: "Ci siano diversi livelli di integrazione" - Il Fatto Quotidiano". 6 March 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "Migranti e libero mercato, asse tra Gentiloni e Trudeau - La Voce d'Italia". voce.com.ve. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ "g7 -". www.g7italy.it. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ Elezioni 2018 sondaggi: Renzi superato da Grasso. La Classifica dei Leader ^ Gentiloni sempre n.1 in sondaggio Ixé su fiducia leader, ma Di Maio supera Renzi ^ "Italian PM Gentiloni's heart procedure completely successful: doctors". 11 January 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017 – via Reuters.  ^ Zampano, Giada (11 January 2017). "Italy's New Prime Minister in Intensive Care After Emergency Heart Procedure". Retrieved 14 September 2017 – via www.wsj.com.  ^ "Gentiloni : "Grazie dell'affetto, sto bene e presto torno al lavoro"". Retrieved 14 September 2017. 

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Parties

Member states

SPÖ PS sp.a BSP/БСП SDP EDEK/ΕΔΕΚ ČSSD A SDE SDP PS SPD PA.SO.K./ΠΑ.ΣΟ.Κ. MSZP MSZDP Lab PD PSI LSDP LSAP PL PvdA SLD UP PS PSD SMER-SD SD PSOE SAP Lab SDLP

Member parties (non-EU)

AP

Associated parties (EU)

PBSD/БСДП

Associated parties (non-EU)

PS SDP BiH S SDSM/СДСМ DPS SDP VV DS SP/PS CHP HDP

Observer parties (EU)

LSDSP Saskaņa

Observer parties (non-EU)

PS ARF ESDP/الديمقراطي GD HaAvoda/העבודה Meretz/מרצ PDM USPT CTP Fatah/فتح PSD FDTL

Presidents

Wilhelm Dröscher Robert Pontillon Joop den Uyl Vítor Constâncio Guy Spitaels Willy Claes Rudolf Scharping Robin Cook Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Sergei Stanishev

Presidents in the European Parliament

Guy Mollet Hendrik Fayat Pierre Lapie Willi Birkelbach Käte Strobel Francis Vals Georges Spénale Ludwig Spénale Ernest Glinne Rudi Arndt Jean-Pierre Cot Pauline Green Enrique Barón Crespo Martin Schulz Hannes Swoboda Gianni Pittella

European Commissioners

Vytenis Andriukaitis
Vytenis Andriukaitis
(Health and Food Safety) Corina Crețu
Corina Crețu
(Regional Policy) Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development) Federica Mogherini
Federica Mogherini
(Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) Pierre Moscovici
Pierre Moscovici
(Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs) Maroš Šefčovič
Maroš Šefčovič
(Energy Union) Frans Timmermans
Frans Timmermans
(Rule of Law and Charter of Fundamental Rights) Karmenu Vella
Karmenu Vella
(Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)

Heads of government

Paolo Gentiloni
Paolo Gentiloni
(Italy) Joseph Muscat
Joseph Muscat
(Malta) António Costa
António Costa
(Portugal) Robert Fico
Robert Fico
(Slovakia) Stefan Löfven
Stefan Löfven
(Sweden)

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Prodi II Cabinet
Prodi II Cabinet
(2006–8)

Prodi

D'Alema Rutelli Amato Padoa-Schioppa Parisi Mastella Scotti Bersani De Castro Fioroni Mussi Turco Damiano Ferrero Di Pietro Bianchi Pecoraro Scanio Gentiloni Bonino Chiti Nicolais Lanzillotta Santagata Pollastrini Melandri Bindi

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Renzi Cabinet
Renzi Cabinet
(2014–2016)

Prime Minister

Matteo Renzi

Ministers

Alfano Boschi Calenda Costa Delrio Franceschini Galletti Gentiloni Giannini Guidi Lanzetta Lorenzin Lupi Madia Martina Mogherini Orlando Padoan Pinotti Poletti

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Gentiloni Cabinet
Gentiloni Cabinet
(2016– )

Prime Minister

Paolo Gentiloni

Current members

Alfano Calenda Delrio De Vincenti Fedeli Franceschini Galletti Lorenzin Lotti Madia Minniti Orlando Padoan Pinotti Poletti

Former members

Costa Martina

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Italian Ministers of Foreign Affairs

Kingdom of Italy

Cavour Ricasoli Rattazzi Pasolini Visconti-Venosta La Marmora Visconti-Venosta Campello Menabrea Visconti-Venosta Melegari Depretis Corti Cairoli Depretis Cairoli Mancini Depretis Robilant Depretis Crispi Starabba di Rudinì Brin Blanc Caetani Capelli Canevaro Visconti-Venosta Prinetti Tittoni Paternò-Castello Guicciardini Tittoni Guicciardini Paternò-Castello Sonnino Tittoni Scialoja Sforza Tommasi della Torretta Schanzer Mussolini Grandi Mussolini Ciano Mussolini Guariglia Badoglio Bonomi De Gasperi

Italian Republic

De Gasperi Nenni Sforza De Gasperi Pella Piccioni Martino Pella Fanfani Pella Segni Fanfani Piccioni Saragat Moro Fanfani Moro Fanfani Medici Nenni Moro Medici Moro Rumor Forlani Malfatti Ruffini Colombo Andreotti De Michelis Scotti Colombo Andreatta Elia Martino Agnelli Dini Ruggiero Berlusconi Frattini Fini D'Alema Frattini Terzi di Sant'Agata Bonino Mogherini Gentiloni Alfano

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 55600856 LCCN: n85265403 ISNI: 0000 0000 2527 2580 GND: 1121469620 ICC

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