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12 tribes, see text

Synonyms[1]

Andropogonoideae Rouy (1913) Centothecoideae Soderst. (1981) Andropogineae Burmeist. (1837, unranked) Paniceae
Paniceae
Burmeist. (1837, unranked) Paniceae
Paniceae
Link (1827, unranked) Rottboëllaceae Burmeist. (1837, unranked)

Panicoideae
Panicoideae
is the second-largest subfamily of the grasses with over 3,500 species, mainly distributed in warm temperate and tropical regions.[1] It comprises some important agricultural crops, including sugarcane, maize (or corn), sorghum, and switchgrass. C4 photosynthesis evolved independently a number of times in the subfamily, which presumably had a C3 ancestor.[2] Systematics and taxonomy[edit] Within the PACMAD clade
PACMAD clade
of grasses, the Panicoideae
Panicoideae
are sister to a clade made of the four subfamilies Arundinoideae, Chloridoideae, Danthonioideae, and Micrairoideae.[2] A modern phylogenetic classification divides the Panicoideae
Panicoideae
in twelve tribes corresponding to monophyletic clades; two genera, Chandrasekharania and Jansenella, are unplaced (incertae sedis) but probably belong to tribe Tristachyideae.[1] The three largest tribes, Paniceae, Paspaleae, and Andropogoneae, together with the small Arundinelleae, form the core of the subfamily. The Gynerieae
Gynerieae
were formerly placed in Arundinoideae, and the basal lineage, the "centothecoid clade" with seven tribes, was formerly seen as separate subfamily, Centothecoideae.[1] Phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA analyses, showing relationships of tribes within the subfamily (dashed lines indicate uncertain positions; C4 clades flagged):[1][2][3][4]

Panicoideae

"centothecoid clade"

Chasmanthieae

Zeugiteae

Steyermarkochloeae

Tristachyideae
Tristachyideae
C4

Centotheceae

Cyperochloeae

Thysanolaeneae

Gynerieae

Paniceae
Paniceae
C3 & C4

Lecomtelleae

Paspaleae
Paspaleae
C3 & C4

Andropogonodae

Andropogoneae
Andropogoneae
C4

Arundinelleae
Arundinelleae
C4

Gallery[edit]

Diversity of Panicoideae

Woodoats (Chasmanthium latifolium, Chasmanthieae)

Spikelets of Loudetiopsis chrysothrix (Tristachyideae)

Gynerium
Gynerium
sagittatum

Feathertop grass (Pennisetum villosum, Paniceae)

Cultivated maize or corn (Zea mays, Andropogoneae)

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918.  ^ a b c Grass Phylogeny Working Group II (2012). "New grass phylogeny resolves deep evolutionary relationships and discovers C4 origins". New Phytologist. 193 (2): 304–312. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03972.x. ISSN 0028-646X. PMID 22115274.  ^ Morrone, Osvaldo; Aagesen, Lone; Scataglini, Maria A.; Salariato, Diego L.; Denham, Silvia S.; Chemisquy, Maria A.; Sede, Silvana M.; Giussani, Liliana M.; Kellogg, Elizabeth A.; Zuloaga, Fernando O. (2012). "Phylogeny of the Paniceae
Paniceae
(Poaceae: Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification". Cladistics. 28 (4): 333–356. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00384.x. ISSN 0748-3007.  ^ Besnard, G.; Christin, P.-A.; Male, P.-J. G.; Coissac, E.; Ralimanana, H.; Vorontsova, M. S. (2013). "Phylogenomics and taxonomy of Lecomtelleae
Lecomtelleae
(Poaceae), an isolated panicoid lineage from Madagascar". Annals of Botany. 112 (6): 1057–1066. doi:10.1093/aob/mct174. ISSN 0305-7364. PMC 3783238 . PMID 23985988. 

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Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to Panicoideae

v t e

Subfamilies and tribes of the grasses (Poaceae)

early clades

Anomochlooideae Pharoideae Puelioideae

Anomochloeae Streptochaeteae

Phareae

Atractocarpeae Guaduellieae

BOP clade

Bamboos (Bambusoideae) Oryzoideae Pooideae

Arundinarieae Bambuseae Olyreae

Ehrharteae Oryzeae Phyllorachideae Streptogyneae

Ampelodesmeae Brachyelytreae Brachypodieae Bromeae Brylkinieae Diarrheneae Littledaleae Lygeeae Meliceae Phaenospermateae Poeae Nardeae Stipeae Triticeae

PACMAD clade

Aristidoideae Arundinoideae Chloridoideae Danthonioideae Micrairoideae Panicoideae

Aristideae

Arundineae Molinieae

Centropodieae Cynodonteae Eragrostideae Triraphideae Zoysieae

Danthonieae

Eriachneae Hubbardieae Isachneae Micraireae

Andropogoneae Arundinelleae Centotheceae Chasmanthieae Cyperochloeae Gynerieae Lecomtelleae Paniceae Paspaleae Steyermarkochloeae Thysanolaeneae Tristachyideae Zeugiteae

see also: List of Poaceae
Poaceae
genera

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1071663 EoL: 11573739 GRIN: 1470 iNaturalist: 326013 IPNI: 321663-2 NCBI:

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