The Info List - Palo Alto

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April 23, 1894 [1]

Named for El Palo Alto


 • Type Council-Manager

 • Body City council


Liz Kniss Vice Mayor
Eric Filseth Adrian Fine Tom DuBois Greg Tanaka Karen Holman Greg Scharff Lydia Kou Cory Wolbach


 • Total 25.77 sq mi (66.75 km2)

 • Land 23.86 sq mi (61.81 km2)

 • Water 1.91 sq mi (4.94 km2)  7.38%

Elevation[4] 30 ft (9 m)

Population (2010)[5]

 • Total 64,403

 • Estimate (2016)[6] 67,024

 • Density 2,808.46/sq mi (1,084.35/km2)

Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)

 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)

ZIP codes 94301, 94303, 94304, 94306

Area code 650

FIPS code 06-55282

GNIS feature IDs 277572, 2411362

Website www.cityofpaloalto.org

Palo Alto (/ˌpæloʊ ˈæltoʊ/ PAL-oh AL-toh; Spanish: [ˈpalo ˈalto]; from palo, literally "stick", colloquially "tree", and alto "tall"; meaning: "tall tree") is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States. Palo Alto was established by Leland Stanford Sr.
Leland Stanford Sr.
when he founded Stanford University, following the death of his son, Leland Stanford Jr. The city includes portions of Stanford University
Stanford University
and is headquarters to a number of high-technology companies, including Hewlett-Packard
(HP), Space Systems/Loral, VMware, Tesla, Ford Research and Innovation Center, PARC, IDEO, Skype, Palantir Technologies, and Houzz. It has also served as an incubator to several other high-technology companies such as Google,[7] Facebook, Logitech,[8] Intuit, Pinterest, and PayPal. Palo Alto shares its borders with East Palo Alto, Mountain View, Los Altos, Los Altos Hills, Stanford, Portola Valley, and Menlo Park. It is named after a coast redwood tree called El Palo Alto. As of the 2010 census, the city's total resident population is 64,403.[5] Palo Alto is one of the most expensive cities in the United States to live in and its residents are amongst the highest educated in the country.[9]


1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Water 2.2 Environmental features 2.3 Climate

3 Local government 4 Politics 5 Demographics

5.1 2010 5.2 2000

6 Housing 7 Economy

7.1 Top employers

8 Utilities 9 Fire and police departments 10 School system

10.1 Public schools 10.2 Private schools 10.3 Weekend schools

11 Libraries 12 Media 13 Transportation

13.1 Roads 13.2 Air 13.3 Rail 13.4 Bus 13.5 Cycling 13.6 Walking

14 Sister cities 15 Notable buildings and other points of interest

15.1 Historical buildings and architecture 15.2 Nature and hiking 15.3 Museums, art, and entertainment 15.4 Schools

16 Notable people 17 Litigation

17.1 Class-action lawsuit against battery makers

18 See also 19 References 20 Further reading 21 External links

History[edit] Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Ohlone
lived on the San Francisco peninsula; in particular, the Puichon Ohlone
lived in the Palo Alto area. The area of modern Palo Alto was first recorded by the 1769 party of Gaspar de Portolà, a 63-man, 200-horse expedition from San Diego to Monterey. The group overshot Monterey in the fog and when they reached modern-day Pacifica, ascended Sweeney Ridge
Sweeney Ridge
and saw the San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay. Portolà descended from Sweeney Ridge
Sweeney Ridge
southeast down San Andreas Creek to Laguna Creek (now Crystal Springs Reservoirs) and the Filoli
estate, and thence to the San Francisquito Creek watershed, ultimately camping from November 6–11, 1769 by a tall redwood later to be known as El Palo Alto. Thinking the bay was too wide to cross, the group retraced their journey to Monterey, and never became aware of the Golden Gate
Golden Gate
entrance to the Bay.[10][citation needed] In 1777, Father Junipero Serra
Junipero Serra
established the Mission Santa Clara de Asis, whose northern boundary was San Francisquito Creek
San Francisquito Creek
and whose lands included modern Palo Alto. The area was under the control of the viceroy of Mexico
and ultimately under the control of Spain. On November 29, 1777, Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe (now the city of San Jose a few miles to the south of what was to be Palo Alto) was established by order of the viceroy despite the displeasure of the local mission. The Mexican War of Independence
Mexican War of Independence
ending in 1821 led to Mexico
becoming an independent country, though San Jose did not recognize rule by the new Mexico
until May 10, 1825. Mexico
proceeded to sell off or grant much of the mission land.[11] During the Mexican-American War, the United States seized Alta California
in 1846; however, this was not legalized until the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed on July 4, 1848. Mexican citizens in the area could choose to become United States citizens, and their land grants were to be recognized if they chose to do so (though many legal disputes arose over this). The land grant, Rancho Rinconada del Arroyo de San Francisquito, of about 2,230-acre (9.0 km2) on the lower reaches of San Francisquito Creek (i.e., parts of modern Menlo Park and northern Palo Alto) was given to Maria Antonia Mesa in 1841. She and her husband Rafael Soto (who had died in 1839) had settled in 1835 near present day Newell and Middlefield roads and sold supplies. In 1839, their daughter María Luisa Soto (1817–1883) married John Coppinger, who was to be, in 1841, the grantee of Rancho Cañada de Raymundo (in modern San Mateo county). Upon Coppinger's death in 1847, Maria inherited it and later married a visiting boat captain, John Greer. Greer owned a home on the site that is now Town & Country Village on Embarcadero and El Camino Real. Greer Avenue and Court are named for him. To the south of the Sotos, the brothers Secundino and Teodoro Robles in 1849 bought Rancho Rincon de San Francisquito from José Peña, the 1841 grantee.[12] The grant covered the area south of Rancho Rinconada del Arroyo de San Francisquito to more or less present day Mountain View. The grant was bounded on the south by Mariano Castro's Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas grant across San Antonio Road. This later became the Robles Rancho, which constitutes about 80% of Palo Alto and Stanford University
Stanford University
today. In 1863, it was whittled down in the courts to 6,981 acres (28.25 km2). Stories say the grand hacienda was built on the former meager adobe of José Peña near Ferne off San Antonio Road, midway between Middlefield and Alma Street.[13] Their hacienda hosted fiestas and bull fights. It was ruined in the 1906 earthquake and its lumber was used to build a large barn nearby, which was said to have lingered until the early 1950s. On April 10, 1853, 250 acres (1.0 km2), comprising the present day Barron Park, Matadero Creek
Matadero Creek
and Stanford Business Park, was sold for $2,000 to Elisha Oscar Crosby, who called his new property Mayfield Farm. The name of Mayfield was later attached the community that started nearby. On September 23, 1856, the Crosby land was transferred to Sarah Wallis to satisfy a debt he owed her.[14] In 1880, Secundino Robles, father to twenty-nine children, still lived just south of Palo Alto, near the location of the present-day San Antonio Shopping Center
San Antonio Shopping Center
in Mountain View.

Part of an 1890 map of northern Santa Clara county including all or part of the towns of University Park, Palo Alto (now College Terrace in Palo Alto), Mayfield. Also shows Stanford University
Stanford University
(still under construction at the time)

Many of the Spanish names in the Palo Alto area represent the local heritage, descriptive terms and former residents. Pena Court, Miranda Avenue, which was essentially Foothill Expwy, was the married name of Juana Briones and the name occurs in Courts and Avenues and other street names in Palo Alto and Mountain View in the quadrant where she owned vast areas between Stanford University, Grant Road in Mountain View and west of El Camino. Yerba Buena was to her credit. Rinconada was the major Mexican land grant name.

University Avenue at the Circle with train steaming toward El Palo Alto, 1894

The township of Mayfield was formed in 1855, in what is now southern Palo Alto. In October 1863 the San Francisco
San Francisco
to San Jose railroad had been built as far as Mayfield and service started between San Francisco and Mayfield (renamed the California
Avenue Station in 1941); service all the way to San Jose started in January 1864.[15][16] In 1875, French financier Jean Baptiste Paulin Caperon, better known as Peter Coutts, purchased land in Mayfield and four other parcels around three sides of today's College Terrace – more than a thousand acres extending from today's Page Mill Road to Serra Street and from El Camino Real to the foothills. Coutts named his property Ayrshire Farm. His fanciful brick 50-foot-tall brick tower near Matadero Creek likely marked the south corner of his property. Leland Stanford started buying land in the area in 1876 for a horse farm, called the Palo Alto Stock Farm. Stanford bought Ayrshire Farm in 1882.[17] Jane and Leland Stanford, Sr. founded Stanford University
Stanford University
in 1891, dedicated to his son who died of typhoid fever at age 15 in 1884. In 1886, Stanford came to Mayfield, interested in founding his university there. He had a train stop created near his school on Mayfield's downtown street, Lincoln Street (now named California
Avenue). However, he had one condition: alcohol had to be banned from the town. Known for its 13 rowdy saloons, Mayfield rejected his requests for reform. This led him to drive the formation of a new Temperance Town with the help of his friend Timothy Hopkins of the Southern Pacific Railroad who bought 740 acres (3.0 km2) of private land in 1887 for the new townsite. This Hopkins Tract, bounded by El Camino Real, San Francisquito Creek, Boyce, Channing, Melville, and Hopkins Avenues, and Embarcadero Road,[18] was proclaimed a local Heritage District during Palo's Alto Centennial in 1994. Stanford set up his university, Stanford University, and a train stop (on University Avenue) by his new town. This new community was initially called University Park (the name "Palo Alto" at that time was attached to what is now College Terrace), but, was incorporated in 1894 with the name Palo Alto. With Stanford's support, saloon days faded and Palo Alto grew to the size of Mayfield. On July 2, 1925, Palo Alto voters approved the annexation of Mayfield and the two communities were officially consolidated on July 6, 1925. This saga explains why Palo Alto has two downtown areas: one along University Avenue and one along California
Avenue. The Mayfield News wrote its own obituary four days later:

It is with a feeling of deep regret that we see on our streets today those who would sell, or give, our beautiful little city to an outside community. We have watched Mayfield grow from a small hamlet, when Palo Alto was nothing more than a hayfield, to her present size … and it is with a feeling of sorrow that we contemplate the fact that there are those who would sell or give the city away.

Palo Alto continued to annex more land including the Stanford Shopping Center area in 1953. Stanford Research Park, Embarcadero Road northeast of Bayshore, and the West Bayshore/San Antonio Road area were also annexed during the 1950s. Large amounts of land west of Foothill Expressway were annexed between 1959 and 1968; This is mostly undeveloped and includes Foothill Park and Arastradero Preserve. The last major annexations were of Barron Park in 1975 and, in 1979, a large area of marshlands bordering the bay.[19] Many of Stanford University's first faculty members settled in the Professorville
neighborhood of Palo Alto. Professorville, now a registered national historic district, is bounded by Kingsley, Lincoln, and Addison avenues and the cross streets of Ramona, Bryant, and Waverley. The district includes a large number of well-preserved residences dating from the 1890s, including 833 Kingsley, 345 Lincoln and 450 Kingsley. 1044 Bryant was the home of Russell Varian, co-inventor of the Klystron tube. The Federal Telegraph laboratory site, situated at 218 Channing, is a California
Historical Landmark recognizing Lee de Forest's 1911 invention of the vacuum tube and electronic oscillator at that location. While not open to the public, the garage that housed the launch of Hewlett Packard is located at 367 Addison Avenue. Hewlett Packard recently restored the house and garage. A second historic district on Ramona Street can be found downtown between University and Hamilton Avenues. The Palo Alto Chinese School is the oldest in the entire Bay Area. It is also home to the second oldest opera company in California, the West Bay Opera. Palo Alto, California
is also home to a long standing baseball tradition- The Palo Alto Oaks. The Palo Alto Oaks are a collegiate, summer baseball club that have been in the Bay Area since 1950, 8 years longer than the San Francisco
San Francisco
Giants. The Oaks were originally managed by Tony Makjavich for 49 years.[20] The Oaks were going to fold before the summer 2016 season but were taken on by Daniel Palladino and Whaylan Price, Bay Area baseball coaches, who did not want to see the team die. The Oaks have a rich history within the Palo Alto community.[21] Geography[edit] Palo Alto is in the south-eastern section of the San Francisco Peninsula. It consists of two large parcels of land connected by a narrow corridor. The southern inland section, located south of Interstate 280, is hilly, rural, and lightly populated and is the site of Pearson- Arastradero Preserve
Arastradero Preserve
and Foothill Park both part of the Palo Alto park system and also large parts of the Los Trancos and Monte Bello Open Space Preserves part of the Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District. The city extends as far as Skyline Boulevard along the ridge of the Santa Cruz Mountains. The northern more densely populated parcel is bordered by San Francisquito Creek (with Menlo Park and East Palo Alto in adjacent San Mateo County beyond) to the north, San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
to the north-east, Mountain View, Los Altos, and Los Altos Hills to the east and south-east and Stanford University
Stanford University
to the south-west and west. Several major transit routes cross this parcel from the north-west to the south-east. The biggest and closest to the bay is the Bayshore Freeway
and going inland are Alma Street/Central Expressway, El Camino Real, and Foothill Expressway. Interstate 280 is parallel and crosses the narrow corridor of land that connects the two parcels that make up Palo Alto. Somewhat perpendicular to these roads are Sand Hill Road from El Camino until it crosses San Francisquito Creek
San Francisquito Creek
into Menlo Park, Embacadero Road, Oregon Expressway/Page Mill Road, Arastradero Road/East Charleston Road, and San Antonio Road (the last forms part of the boundary with Mountain View). According to the United States Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.8 square miles (67 km2). 23.9 square miles (62 km2) of it is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (or 7.38%) is water. The official elevation is 56 feet (17 m) above sea level[citation needed], but the city boundaries reach well into the peninsula hills. Water[edit] Palo Alto is crossed by several creeks that flow in the direction of north to San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay, Adobe Creek near its eastern boundary, San Francisquito Creek on its western boundary, and Matadero Creek
Matadero Creek
in between the other two. Arastradero Creek
Arastradero Creek
is tributary to Matadero Creek, and Barron Creek
Barron Creek
is now diverted to Adobe Creek just south of Highway 101 by a diversion channel. The San Francisquito Creek mainstem is formed by the confluence of Corte Madera Creek and Bear Creek not far below Searsville Dam. Further downstream, Los Trancos Creek is tributary to San Francisquito Creek
San Francisquito Creek
below Interstate 280. Environmental features[edit] Palo Alto has a number of significant natural habitats, including estuarine, riparian, and oak forest. Many of these habitats are visible in Foothill Park, which is owned by the city. The Charleston Slough contains a rich marsh and littoral zone, providing feeding areas for a variety of shorebirds and other estuarine wildlife.[22] Climate[edit] Typical of the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area, Palo Alto has a Mediterranean climate with cool, wet winters and warm, dry summers. Typically, in the warmer months, as the sun goes down, the fog bank flows over the foothills to the west and covers the night sky, thus creating a blanket that helps trap the summer warmth absorbed during the day. Even so, it is rare for the overnight low temperature to exceed 60 °F (16 °C).

Fog from the Pacific rolling over the Foothills

In January, average temperatures range from 38.5 °F (3.6 °C) to 57.4 °F (14.1 °C). In July, average temperatures range from 54.9 °F (12.7 °C) to 78.4 °F (25.8 °C). The record high temperature was 107 °F (42 °C) on June 15, 1961, and the record low temperature was 15 °F (−9 °C) on November 17, 2003. Temperatures reach 90 °F (32 °C) or higher on an average of 9.9 days. Temperatures drop to 32 °F (0 °C) or lower on an average of 16.1 days. Due to the Santa Cruz Mountains
Santa Cruz Mountains
to the west, there is a "rain shadow" in Palo Alto, resulting in an average annual rainfall of only 15.32 inches (389 mm). Measurable rainfall occurs on an average of 57 days annually. The wettest year on record was 1983 with 32.51 inches (826 mm) and the driest year was 1976 with 7.34 inches (186 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 12.43 inches (316 mm) in February 1998 and the most rainfall in one day was 3.75 inches (95 mm) on February 3, 1998. Measurable snowfall is very rare in Palo Alto, but 1.5 inches (38 mm) fell on January 21, 1962.[23] According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Palo Alto has a warm-summer mediterranean climate (Csb)[24]

Climate data for Palo Alto (1981–2010 normals)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °F (°C) 58.4 (14.7) 61.6 (16.4) 65.7 (18.7) 69.7 (20.9) 74.3 (23.5) 78.4 (25.8) 79.6 (26.4) 79.4 (26.3) 79.5 (26.4) 74.0 (23.3) 64.8 (18.2) 58.3 (14.6) 70.3 (21.3)

Average low °F (°C) 38.5 (3.6) 40.6 (4.8) 43.1 (6.2) 44.7 (7.1) 48.7 (9.3) 52.4 (11.3) 55.1 (12.8) 54.9 (12.7) 52.5 (11.4) 48.1 (8.9) 42.4 (5.8) 38.0 (3.3) 46.6 (8.1)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.06 (77.7) 3.31 (84.1) 2.49 (63.2) 0.98 (24.9) 0.48 (12.2) 0.09 (2.3) 0 (0) 0.03 (0.8) 0.15 (3.8) 0.76 (19.3) 1.96 (49.8) 2.95 (74.9) 16.26 (413)

Source: [25] [26]

Local government[edit] Palo Alto was incorporated in 1894. In 1909, a municipal charter created a local government consisting of a fifteen-member City Council, with responsibilities for various governmental functions delegated to appointed committees. In 1950, the City adopted a Council–manager government. Several appointed committees continue to advise the City Council on specialized issues, such as land use planning, utilities, and libraries, but these committees no longer have direct authority over City staff. Currently, the City Council has only nine members. The mayor and vice-mayor serve one year at a time, with terms ending in January. General municipal elections are held in November of even-numbered years. Council terms are four years long.[27] According to one study in 2015, the city's effective property tax rate of 0.42% was the lowest of the California
cities included in the study.[28] Politics[edit] In the California
State Legislature, Palo Alto is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill,[29] and in the 24th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Marc Berman.[30][31] In the United States House of Representatives, Palo Alto is in California's 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo.[32] Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1900 1,658

1910 4,486


1920 5,900


1930 13,652


1940 16,774


1950 25,475


1960 52,287


1970 56,040


1980 55,225


1990 55,900


2000 58,598


2010 64,403


Est. 2016 67,024 [6] 4.1%

U.S. Decennial Census[33]

2010[edit] The 2010 United States Census
2010 United States Census
reported that Palo Alto had a population of 64,403.[34] The population density was 2,497.5 people per square mile (964.3/km²). The racial makeup of Palo Alto was 41,359 (64.2%) White, 17,461 (27.1%) Asian, 1,197 (1.9%) African American, 121 (0.2%) Native American, 142 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 1,426 (2.2%) from other races, and 2,697 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,974 persons (6.2%). The Census
reported that 63,820 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 205 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 378 (0.6%) were institutionalized. There were 26,493 households, out of which 8,624 (32.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,975 (52.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,843 (7.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 659 (2.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 979 (3.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 188 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,982 households (30.1%) were made up of individuals and 3,285 (12.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41. There were 16,477 families (62.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.04. The population was spread out with 15,079 people (23.4%) under the age of 18, 3,141 people (4.9%) aged 18 to 24, 17,159 people (26.6%) aged 25 to 44, 18,018 people (28.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,006 people (17.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males. There were 28,216 housing units at an average density of 1,094.2 per square mile (422.5/km²), of which 14,766 (55.7%) were owner-occupied, and 11,727 (44.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.6%. 39,176 people (60.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 24,644 people (38.3%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile[35] 2010

Total Population 64,403 – 100.0%

One Race 61,706 – 95.8%

Not Hispanic or Latino 60,429 – 93.8%

White alone 39,052 – 60.6%

Black or African American alone 1,131 – 1.8%

American Indian and Alaska Native alone 65 – 0.1%

Asian alone 17,404 – 27.0%

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 135 – 0.2%

Some other race alone 254 – 0.4%

Two or more races alone 2,388 – 3.7%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,974 – 6.2%

2000[edit] As of the census[36] of 2000, there were 58,598 people, 25,216 households, and 14,600 families residing in the city. The population density was 955.8/km² (2,475.3/mi²). There were 26,048 housing units at an average density of 424.9/km² (1,100.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.76% White, 2.02% Black, 0.21% Native American, 17.22% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 3.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.65% of the population. There were 25,216 households, of which 27.2% had resident children under the age of 18, 48.5% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.95. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $119,046, and the median income for a family was $153,197.[37] Males had a median income of $91,051 versus $60,202 for females. The per capita income for the city was $56,257. About 3.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. Housing[edit] Palo Alto, north of Oregon Expressway, is filled with older homes, including Craftsman and California
Colonials, some of which date back to the 1890s but most of which were built in the first four decades of the 20th century. South of Oregon Expressway, the homes, including many Joseph Eichler-designed or Eichler-style houses, were primarily built in the first 20 years after World War II. While the city contains homes that now cost anywhere from $800,000 to well in excess of $40 million, much of Palo Alto's housing stock is in the style of California
mid-century middle-class suburbia. It has highly rated public schools (see: Gunn High School
Gunn High School
and Palo Alto High School), a high quality of life, numerous parks and open space reserves, and a vibrant downtown area. The median home sale price for all of Palo Alto was more than $1.3 million in 2006[38][not in citation given] and $1,363,000 in July 2009.[39] Palo Alto ranks in as the 5th most expensive city in the United States, with an average home sales price of $1,677,000 as of 2007[update].[40] In 2010, Palo Alto ranked as the 2nd most expensive city in the United States, with a four-bedroom, two-bathroom home listing for $1.48 million on average.[41] A primary driver of housing market values in Palo Alto is the political climate that is restricting new development in a city with a large jobs-to-housing imbalance and some of the most attractive jobs in the country. In addition, Palo Alto schools test at some of the highest levels in the Bay Area. Palo Alto is by some measures the most expensive college town in the United States.[42] A majority of Stanford students live on campus.[43] Economy[edit] Palo Alto serves as a central economic focal point of the Silicon Valley, and is home to more than 7,000 businesses employing more than 98,000 people.[44] Many prominent technology firms reside in the Stanford Research Park
Stanford Research Park
on Page Mill Road, while nearby Sand Hill Road in the adjacent city of Menlo Park is a notable hub of venture capitalists. The city's economy generally follows the economic trends of the rest of the Silicon Valley. Well-known companies and research facilities headquartered in Palo Alto include:[45]

The main entrance of the HP headquarters building

The main entrance to the Tesla Motors
Tesla Motors

Amazon.com's A9.com Aricent Better Place Bon Appétit Management Company Cooley LLP Cloudera CPI International Electric Power Research Institute HP Inc. Houzz IDEO Institute for the Future Mashable Mopay Nanosys


Ning PAIX Palantir Technologies Palo Alto Medical Foundation Palo Alto Research Center
Palo Alto Research Center
(PARC) Playdom Socialtext Space Systems/Loral Tapulous Tesla Tibco Software Varian Medical Systems VMware Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati Xerox

Other notable companies with significant presences in Palo Alto include:

(Former North American HQ. The main HQ now resides in Ireland) AOL Inc. CNF Inc. Dailymotion Infosys Dell Genencor
(based in Palo Alto) Groupon IdentityMind Global (based in Palo Alto) Lockheed Martin Slam Content[47] Mercedes-Benz
Research and Development North America, Headquarters[48] Merrill Lynch
Merrill Lynch
(largest office outside New York) Nokia Research Center Onlive Posedge Inc Rave Wireless
Rave Wireless
(founded in Palo Alto) refund.me Group Inc. SAP SE
(North American Labs) Schering-Plough Biopharma Skype
(received a LEED Silver certification for its efficient use of resources when compared to conventional buildings)[49] Talygen Business Intelligence[50] (It is the developer of Talygen Business Suite. PC Magazine
PC Magazine
included the suite in its list of Top Ten Tech Products for Small Biz at CES 2014 in January 2014.[51]) Theranos The Wall Street Journal Wso2

Many nearby Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
companies, no longer primarily in Palo Alto, were once headquartered and experienced major growth in Palo Alto, including Google
(now in Mountain View),[52][53] Facebook
(now in Menlo Park),[54] and PayPal
(now in San Jose).[52][55] Palo Alto's retail and restaurant trade includes Stanford Shopping Center, an upscale open air shopping center established in 1955, and downtown Palo Alto, centered on University Avenue.[56] Palo Alto is the location of the first street-level Apple Store,[57] the first Apple mini store,[58] the first West Coast Whole Foods Market store,[59] and the first Victoria's Secret.[60] Top employers[edit] According to the City's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[61] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees

1 Stanford University 11,500

2 Stanford Health Care 5,000

3 Lucile Packard Children's Hospital 4,700

4 Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System 3,900

5 VMware
Inc. 3,500

6 SAP 3,500

7 Space Systems/Loral 2,800

8 Hewlett-Packard 2,500

9 Palo Alto Medical Foundation 2,200

10 Varian Medical Systems 1,400

Utilities[edit] Unlike surrounding communities, the City of Palo Alto provides electric and gas service within city limits,[62] with the minor exception of a rural portion of the city in the hills west of Interstate 280, past the Country Club, which does not receive gas from the City. Water and Gas Services (WGS) operates gas and water distribution networks within the city limits. PG&E does not serve customers within CPA limits. The city operates both gas meters and the distribution pipelines. Water comes from city-operated watershed and wells and the City and County of San Francisco
San Francisco
Hetch Hetchy
Hetch Hetchy
system. The city is located in Santa Clara Valley Water District, North Zone. Hetch Hetchy
Hetch Hetchy
pipeline #3 and #4 pass through the city. The city operates its own electric power distribution network and telemetry cable network. Interconnection points tie the city into PG&E's electric transmission system, which brings power from several sources to the city. A claim to fame is the city's exemption from rolling blackouts during the summer 2000 power shortages. Palo Alto is a member of a joint powers authority (the Northern California Power Agency), which cooperatively generates electricity for government power providers such as the City of Santa Clara, the City of Redding, and the Port of Oakland. Roughly the same group of entities operate the Transmission Agency of Northern California (TANC). TANC transports power over its own lines from as far as British Columbia through an interconnection with the federal Bonneville Power Administration. A local oddity is a series of joint poles; those primary conductor cross arms are marked PGE and CPA (City of Palo Alto) to identify each utility's side of the shared cross arms. Palo Alto has an ongoing community debate about the city providing fiber optic connectivity to all residences. A series of pilot programs have been proposed. One proposal called for the city to install dark fiber, which would be made live by a contractor. Services traditionally attributed to a cable television provider were sold to a regulated commercial concern. Previously the cable system was operated by a cooperative called Palo Alto Cable Coop. The former Regional Bell Operating Company
Regional Bell Operating Company
in Palo Alto was Pacific Telephone, now called AT&T Inc., and previously called SBC and Pacific Bell. One of the earliest central office facilities switching Palo Alto calls is the historic Davenport central office (CO) at 529 Bryant Street. The building was sold and is now the home of the Palo Alto Internet Exchange. The former CO building is marked by a bronze plaque and is located on the north side of Bryant Street between University Avenue and Hamilton Avenue. It was called Davenport after the exchange name at the introduction of dial telephone service in Palo Alto. For example, modern numbers starting with 325- were Davenport 5 in the 1950s and '60s. The Step-by-Step office was scrapped and replaced by stored-program-controlled equipment at a different location about 1980. Stanford calls ran on a Step-by-Step Western Electric 701 PBX until the university purchased its own switch about 1980. It had the older, traditional Bell System 600 Hz+120 Hz dial tone. The old 497-number PBX, MDF, and battery string were housed in a steel building at 333 Bonair Siding. From the 1950s to 1980s, the bulk of Palo Alto calls were switched on Number 5 Crossbar systems. By the mid-1980s, these electromechanical systems had been junked. Under the Bell System's regulated monopoly, local coin telephone calls were ten cents until the early 1980s. During the drought of the early 1990s, Palo Alto employed water waste patrol officers to enforce water saving regulations. The team, called "Gush Busters", patrolled city streets looking for broken water pipes and poorly managed irrigation systems. Regulations were set to stop restaurants from habitually serving water, runoff from irrigation and irrigation during the day. The main goal of the team was to educate the public in ways to save water. Citations consisted of Friendly Reminder postcards and more formal notices. To help promote the conservation message, the team only used bicycles and mopeds. Fire and police departments[edit]

Palo Alto City Hall, as seen in 2004.

The city was among the first in Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
to offer advanced life support (ALS) paramedic-level (EMT-P) ambulance service. In an arrangement predating countywide paramedic service, Palo Alto Fire operates two paramedic ambulances which are theoretically shared with county EMS assets. The Palo Alto Fire Department is currently the only fire department in Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
that routinely transports patients. Rural Metro holds the Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
911 contract and provides transportation in other cities. Enhanced 9-1-1 arrived in about 1980 and included the then-new ability to report emergencies from coin telephones without using a coin. Palo Alto Fire also provides service to the Stanford University
Stanford University
campus. The police station was originally housed in a stone building at 450 Bryant St. Still engraved with the words Police Court, the building is now a senior citizen center. The police are now headquartered in the City Hall high rise. The department has just under 100 sworn officers ranking supplemented by approximately ten reserve Officers and professional staff who support the police department and the animal services organization. School system[edit] Public schools[edit] The Palo Alto Unified School District
Palo Alto Unified School District
provides public education for most of Palo Alto. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, Palo Alto has a student-teacher ratio of 14.9,[63] much lower than some surrounding communities. Juana Briones Elementary has a student/teacher ratio of 14.4.[64] The school board meets at 7 p.m. on the 2nd and 4th Tuesdays of the month; the meetings are open to the public and city, cast live on Channel 28. Channel 28 is operated by the Mid-peninsula Community Media Center in Palo Alto, which is affiliated with the Alliance for Community Media. ACM represents over 2000 PEG channels in the US. Government-access television
Government-access television
(GATV) Cable TV. Palo Alto students attend one of two high schools, Gunn High School or Palo Alto High School. There are also 3 middle schools, J.L.S., Jordan, and Terman. The Los Altos School District and Mountain View-Los Altos Union High School District provide public education for the Monroe neighborhood portion of Palo Alto off El Camino Real south of Adobe Creek. Private schools[edit]

Bowman International School – a K-8 school founded in 1995 which emphasizes learning about different cultures Castilleja School – an all-girls' college preparatory school for grades 6–12 founded in 1907 Challenger School – a K-8 School with an emphasis on academics early Esther B. Clark School – a school for children ages seven to 16 struggling with anxiety, depression or other emotional and behavioral challenges[65] Gideon Hausner Jewish Day School – a K-8 Jewish day school; school's name changed from Mid-Peninsula Jewish Community Day School (MPJCDS)[66] The Girls' Middle School – an independent, all-girls day school for students in sixth, seventh, and eighth grade[67] International School of the Peninsula – a Nursery-8 bilingual immersion school with two Palo Alto campuses. Offers two Nursery – 5 programs: Chinese-English and French-English, and an international middle school. Established in 1979.[68] Kehillah Jewish High School – a new preparatory high school with both secular and Jewish studies Keys School
Keys School
– a co-ed, independent K-8 school focused on learning for life Meira Academy – an Orthodox Jewish all-girls high school, opened in the fall of 2011[69] Palo Alto Montessori School – an accredited preschool which has been educating 2- to 5-year-olds since 1977 Sand Hill School-a K-7 school for children with language-based learning differences like dyslexia[70] St Elizabeth Seton Catholic School – a Catholic school for preschool through eighth grade located in Palo Alto though mostly serving low-income children living in East Palo Alto, Redwood City, and Menlo Park.[71] Stratford School – a K-5 school focused on all-round development[72]

Weekend schools[edit]

Grossman Academy Japanese Language School (グロスマン・アカデミー Gurosuman Akademī), a Japanese weekend educational program, holds its classes in Cubberly Community Center in Palo Alto.[73] Even though the classes are held in Palo Alto, the school office is in Fremont.[74] Palo Alto Chinese School – oldest Chinese school
Chinese school
in Bay Area.

Libraries[edit] The Palo Alto City Library has five branches, with a total of 265,000 items in their collections.[75] The library's mission is to enable people to explore library resources to enrich their lives with knowledge, information, and enjoyment. For Palo Alto library card holders, the main library web page also offers links to primary source databases with collections of magazine, newspaper, and other print articles. The Palo Alto City Library is also a member of the Northern California
Digital Library, which allows card holders to browse and download the digital resources made available. Library cards are freely available for California
residents.[76] The Mitchell Park Library, the largest one in Palo Alto, was under construction beginning in 2010, but reopened in December 2014.[77][78] Media[edit] The Palo Alto Daily Post
Palo Alto Daily Post
publishes six days a week. Palo Alto Daily News, a unit of the San Jose Mercury News, publishes 5 days a week. Palo Alto Weekly is published Fridays. Palo Alto Times, a daily newspaper served Palo Alto and neighboring cities beginning in 1894. In 1979 it became the Peninsula Times Tribune. The newspaper ceased publication in 1993.[79] KDOW
1220 AM began broadcasting in 1949 as KIBE; it later became KDFC, simulcasting classical KDFC-FM. As KDOW
it broadcasts a business news format. The transmitter is in East Palo Alto near the western approach to Dumbarton Bridge with power of 5,000 watts daytime and 145 watts nighttime. The Midpeninsula Community Media Center provides public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable tv channels 26, 28, 29, 30 and 75.[80] Among other programs, Palo Alto Institute runs a unique film festival, the Palo Alto International Film Festival, that focuses on the ways in which new technologies influence and are influenced by artistic revolution in media. The movie Palo Alto (2007) was filmed in the town and many landmarks can be seen in the background but the plot could be centered in any smaller town or city. Transportation[edit] Roads[edit] Palo Alto is served by two major freeways, Highway 101 and Interstate 280, and is traversed by the Peninsula's main north-south boulevard, El Camino Real (SR 82). The city is also served indirectly by State Route 84 which traverses the Dumbarton Bridge to the north. There are no parking meters in Palo Alto, and all municipal parking lots and multi-level parking structures are free (limited to two or three hours any weekday 8am–5pm). Downtown Palo Alto has recently added many new lots to fill the overflow of vehicles. Air[edit] Palo Alto is served by Palo Alto Airport
Palo Alto Airport
of Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
(KPAO), one of the busiest single-runway general aviation airports in the country. It is used by many daily commuters who fly (usually in private single-engine aircraft) from their homes in the Central Valley to work in the Palo Alto area. Major airlines offer service at San Jose International Airport (SJC), about 15 miles (24 km) southeast, and San Francisco International Airport
San Francisco International Airport
(SFO), about 21 miles (34 km) north. Rail[edit] Train service is available via Caltrain
with service between San Francisco and San Jose and extending to Gilroy. Caltrain
has two regular stops in Palo Alto, the main one at the Palo Alto Station
Palo Alto Station
in downtown Palo Alto (local, limited, and express) and the other at California
Avenue (local and limited).[81] A third, the Stanford station, located beside Alma Street at Embarcadero Road, is used to provide special services for occasional sports events (generally football) at Stanford Stadium. The main Palo Alto stop is the second most popular (behind 4th and King in San Francisco) on Caltrain's entire line. Bus[edit] The Palo Alto Transit Center adjacent to the Palo Alto Train Station is the major bus hub for northern Santa Clara county. The Santa Clara Valley Transportation
Authority (VTA) provides primary bus service through Palo Alto with service to the south bay and Silicon Valley. San Mateo County
San Mateo County
Transit District (SamTrans) provides service to San Mateo County to the north but some lines include the Palo Alto Transit Center. The Stanford University
Stanford University
Free Shuttle (Marguerite) provides a supplementary bus service between Stanford University
Stanford University
and the Palo Alto Transit Center, and the Palo Alto Free Shuttle (Crosstown and Embarcadero), which circulates frequently, and provides service to major points in Palo Alto, including the main library, downtown, the Municipal Golf Course, the Palo Alto Transit Center, and both high schools.[82] Cycling[edit]

Bike arcs, Lytton Plaza on University Avenue in 2014

Bike arc at Palo Alto Circle

Cycling is a popular mode of transportation in Palo Alto. 9.5% of residents bicycle to work,[83] the highest percentage of any city in the Bay Area, and third-highest in the United States, after Davis, California
and Boulder, Colorado. Since 2003, Palo Alto has received a Bicycle Friendly Community status of "Gold" from the League of American Bicyclists. It is also the birthplace and home of Bike Arc. The city's flat terrain and many quiet tree-shaded residential streets offer comfort and safety to cyclists, and the temperate climate makes year-round cycling convenient. Palo Alto pioneered the bicycle boulevard concept in the early 1980s, enhancing residential Bryant Street to prioritize it for cyclists by removing stop signs, providing special traffic signals, and installing traffic diverters, and a bicycle/pedestrian bridge over Matadero Creek. However, busy arterial streets which often offer the fastest and most direct route to many destinations, are dangerous for cyclists due to high volumes of fast-moving traffic and the lack of bicycle lanes. El Camino Real, Alma Street, and Embarcadero and Middlefield roads, all identified as "high priorities" for adding bicycle lanes to improve safety by the 2003 Palo Alto Bicycle Transportation
Plan, still contain no provisions for cyclists. The Palo Alto Police Department decided to stop using tasers to detain bicyclists after a 2012 incident in which a 16-year-old boy, who had bicycled through a stop sign, was injured after police officers pursued him, fired a taser at him and suddenly braked their patrol car in front of him, causing the boy to crash.[84] Walking[edit] Conditions for walking are excellent in Palo Alto except for crossing high-volume arterial streets such as El Camino Real and Oregon Expressway. Sidewalks are available on nearly every city street, with the notable exception of the Barron Park neighborhood, which was the last to be incorporated into the city. Palo Alto's street grid is well-connected with few dead-end streets, especially in the city's older northern neighborhoods. An extensive urban forest, which is protected by the city's municipal code, provides shade and visual diversity, and slows motor vehicle traffic. 4.8% of residents walk to work.[83] Sister cities[edit] Palo Alto has six sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Albi, Tarn, Occitanie, France, since 1994 Linköping, Sweden, since 1987 Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico, since 1964 Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands, since 1980 Palo, Philippines, since 1963 Tsuchiura, Japan, since 2009[85]

In 1989, Palo Alto received a gift of a large, whimsical wooden sculpture called Foreign Friends (Fjärran Vänner)—of a man, woman, dog and bird sitting on a park bench—from Linköping. The sculpture was praised by some, called "grotesque" by others, and became a lightning rod for vandals. It was covered with a large addressed postcard marked "Return to Sender." A former Stanford University professor was arrested for attempting to light it on fire. It was also doused with paint.[86] When the original heads were decapitated on Halloween, 1993, the statue became a shrine—flowers bouquets and cards were placed upon it. Following an anonymous donation, the heads were restored. Within weeks, the restored heads were decapitated again, this time disappearing. The heads were eventually replaced with new ones, which generated even more distaste, as many deemed the new heads even less attractive.[86] A few months later, the man's arm was chopped off, the woman's lap was vandalized, the bird was stolen, and the replacements heads were decapitated and stolen.[86] The sculpture was removed from its location on Embarcadero Road and Waverley Avenue in 1995, dismantled, and placed in storage until it was destroyed in 2000. Ironically, the statue was designed not as a lasting work of art, but as something to be climbed on with a lifespan of 10 to 25 years.[87] Notable buildings and other points of interest[edit]

Palo Alto Circle (University at Alma) designed by Joseph Bellomo Architects

Packard's garage, the birthplace of Silicon Valley

Former Palo Alto Community House, now MacArthur Park restaurant

tree at Esther Clark Park in Palo Alto, with beer cans strewn around it

Historical buildings and architecture[edit]

Frenchman's Tower[88] Former Palo Alto Community House at the intersection of University Avenue and El Camino Real; designed by Julia Morgan
Julia Morgan
as the YWCA Hostess House but first used as a social centre in Camp Fremont
Camp Fremont
during World War I; now a restaurant MacArthur Park Lou Henry Hoover Girl Scout House, "the oldest scout meeting house remaining in continuous use in the United States".[89] Packard's garage Palo Alto Airport, off Embarcadero East, is surrounded by numerous flying schools, and is a convenient bay area location to learn flying. Printers Inc. Bookstore, now defunct, was a landmark independent bookstore on California
Ave. and was referenced in Vikram Seth's novel, The Golden Gate. It closed in 2001. Stanford Terrace Inn,[90] formerly Tiki Inn Motel[91] Saint Thomas Aquinas Parish

Nature and hiking[edit]

Arastradero Preserve Elizabeth Gamble Garden[92] Esther Clark Park, a small open oak/grassland park connecting to Los Altos Hills Palo Alto Foothills Park Palo Alto Baylands Nature Preserve Palo Alto Farmers Market[93]

Museums, art, and entertainment[edit]

Frenchman's Tower
Frenchman's Tower
on Old Page Mill Road

Digital DNA, egg-shaped sculpture downtown Palo Alto Art Center Stanford Shopping Center University Avenue (Downtown Palo Alto) Palo Alto Varsity Theater Stanford Theatre Palo Alto Junior Museum and Zoo


Mental Research Institute (MRI) Palo Alto University Sofia University formerly Institute of Transpersonal Psychology

Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Palo Alto Litigation[edit] Class-action lawsuit against battery makers[edit] Palo Alto was the first city in California
to participate in a class action lawsuit against major battery producers, and currently serves as a representative for various cities and public entities across the state. The lawsuit was filed against global manufacturers of lithium-ion batteries, including Panasonic, LG Chem, Sony, Hitachi
and Sanyo. The companies were accused of unfair business practices. They were alleged to have fixed prices of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, which are commonly used in laptops, smartphones and GPS devices, and Palo Alto has purchased a lot[citation needed] of such devices. Palo Alto's case will be consolidated with many others brought against the batteries producers in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The companies are also facing at least 10 lawsuits in New Jersey. The city is represented by Rene Sloan Holtzman & Sakai, LLP, and Green & Noblin, P.C.[94]

See also[edit]

San Francisco Bay Area
San Francisco Bay Area
portal California
portal United States portal Geography portal

List of cities and towns in California List of cities and towns in the San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay
Area List of people from Palo Alto


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Further reading[edit]

John Jenks, David Crimp, C. Michael Hogan et al., Engineering and Environmental Evaluations of Discharge to the Coast Casey Canal and Charleston Slough, prepared by Kennedy Jenks Engineers and Earth Metrics Inc. (1976) Santa Clara County
Santa Clara County
Heritage Resource Inventory, Santa Clara County Historical Heritage Commission, published by Santa Clara County, San Jose, Ca., June 1979 A description of high-tech life in Palo Alto around 1995 is found in the novel by Douglas Coupland, Microserfs. Coleman, Charles M., P. G. and E. of California: The Centennial Story of Pacific Gas and Electric Company 1852–1952, (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1952). Hanson, Warren D., San Francisco
San Francisco
Water and Power: A History of the Municipal Water Department and Hetch Hetchy
Hetch Hetchy
System, (San Francisco: San Francisco
San Francisco
Public Utilities Communications Group, 2002). Map: PG&E Backbone Gas Transmission System, (San Francisco: Pacific Gas and Electric Co., undated). Map: Water Conveyance, Treatment, and Distribution System, (San Jose: Santa Clara Valley Water District, 1978). Earthquake Planning Scenario Special
Publication #61, (Sacramento, California: State of California, Division of Mines and Geology, 1981). $117,730,000 Bond Offering: Transmission Agency of Northern California, (Sacramento, California: Transmission Agency of Northern California, 1992).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palo Alto, California.

has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Palo Alto.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Palo Alto, California.

Official website Palo Alto neighborhood map Palo Alto Chamber of Commerce Palo Alto History.Org: The History of Palo Alto Palo Alto Historical Association Palo Alto local portal

v t e

Palo Alto, California


Primary and secondary schools

Palo Alto Unified School District

Gunn High School Palo Alto High School

Los Altos School District Mountain View-Los Altos Union High School District Castilleja School International School of the Peninsula Kehillah Jewish High School

Colleges and universities

Stanford University



Stanford Research Park Stanford Shopping Center


Stanford University
Stanford University
Medical Center

Stanford Hospital and Clinics Lucile Packard Children's Hospital

VA Palo Alto Hospital Palo Alto Medical Foundation



This list is incomplete.

Articles Relating to Palo Alto

v t e

Silicon Valley


Campbell Cupertino East Palo Alto Fremont Los Altos Los Altos Hills Los Gatos Menlo Park Milpitas Morgan Hill Mountain View Newark Palo Alto Redwood City San Jose San Mateo Santa Clara Saratoga Sunnyvale

Colleges and universities

Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley Cogswell Polytechnical College De Anza College Evergreen Valley College Foothill College International Technological University Menlo College Mission College Ohlone
College Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Technical Institute National Hispanic University Northwestern Polytechnic University San Jose City College San Jose State University Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
University Santa Clara University Stanford University University of California, Berkeley University of California, Santa Cruz

Companies (including subsidiaries and defunct companies)

3Com Access Systems Americas Actuate Adaptec Adobe Systems AMD Agilent Technologies Altera Amdahl Ampex Apple Inc. Applied Materials Aricent Asus Atari Atmel Avaya BEA Systems Brocade BusinessObjects Capcom Cisco Systems Computer Literacy Bookshops Cypress Semiconductor eBay Electronic Arts Facebook Foundry Networks Fry's Electronics Fujitsu Gaia Online Geeknet Google Hewlett-Packard HGST IETF Intel Internet Systems Consortium Intuit Juniper Networks Knight Ridder LinkedIn Logitech LSI Corporation Magellan Navigation Marvell Technology
Group Maxtor McAfee Memorex Microsoft Mozilla Corporation National Semiconductor Netscape NetApp Netflix NeXT Nintendo of America Nortel Nvidia Opera Software OPPO Digital Oracle Corporation Palm, Inc. Palo Alto Networks PayPal Pinterest Playdom Rambus Redback Networks Reputation.com SAP SE SanDisk Silicon Graphics Silicon Image Solectron Sony
Interactive Entertainment SRI International Sun Microsystems Symantec Symyx Taligent Tesla, Inc. TiVo Uber Verisign Veritas Technologies VMware WebEx WhatsApp Xilinx Yahoo!

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San Jose and Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley

Arboreta / Gardens

Arizona Cactus Garden Chinese Cultural Garden Emma Prusch Farm Park Hakone Gardens Hollyhill Hummingbird Farm Japanese Friendship Garden Overfelt Gardens SJ Municipal Rose Garden Stanford Arboretum Villa Montalvo Arboretum


American Musical Theatre of SJ Ballet San Jose Cathedral Basilica of St. Joseph Choral Project De Saisset Museum Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Library Gurdwara Sahib Ira F. Brilliant Center for Beethoven Studies Mexican Heritage Plaza Montalvo Arts Center

Villa Montalvo

Opera San José SJ City Hall SJ Flea Market SJ Improv SJ Museum of Art SJ Rep Theatre sjDANCEco Symphony Silicon Valley Triton Museum of Art Viet Museum Vivace Youth Chorus

Event venues

Stadium CEFCU Stadium City National Civic Levi's Stadium PAL Stadium San Jose Center for the Performing Arts SAP Center at San Jose SC Convention Center Shoreline Amphitheatre SJ Convention Center SJ Municipal Stadium SJSU Event Center Arena Stevens Stadium


BayCon Cinequest Film Festival FanimeCon Further Confusion LiveStrong Challenge SJ Holiday Parade SJ Jazz Festival Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
Comic Con Stanford Jazz Festival Christmas in the Park


Circle of Palms Hotel De Anza Hangar One History Park at Kelley Park HP Garage Japanese American Museum New Almaden Peralta Adobe Portuguese Historical Museum Rengstorff House Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum SJ Museum of Quilts & Textiles Winchester Mystery House

Parks / Trails

Almaden Quicksilver County Park Alum Rock Park Anderson Lake Bay Area Ridge Trail Calero Reservoir Castle Rock State Park Coyote–Bear Park Ed Levin Park Grant Ranch County Park Guadalupe River Trail Henry W. Coe State Park Kelley Park Lake Cunningham Los Alamitos Creek
Alamitos Creek
Trail Los Gatos Creek Trail Plaza de César Chávez Rancho San Antonio Rosicrucian Park Sanborn County Park SF Bay Trail Shoreline Park Stevens Creek Trail Uvas Canyon Uvas Creek Preserve Uvas Reservoir Vasona Park

Science / Tech / Education

Children's Discovery Museum Computer History Museum Googleplex Intel
Museum Lick Observatory NASA Ames Exploration Center SJSU SCU Stanford The Tech Museum of Innovation


Eastridge Great Mall Oakridge PruneYard San Antonio Santana Row Stanford Vallco Valley Fair Westgate

Theme parks and tours

Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad California's Great America Gilroy Gardens Happy Hollow Park & Zoo Raging Waters

Vineyards / Wineries

Byington Vineyard J Lohr Vineyards and Wines Mountain Winery Picchetti Brothers Winery Savannah–Chanelle Vineyards

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San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay

Bodies of water

Bodega Bay Carquinez Strait Clifton Forebay Golden Gate Grizzly Bay Guadalupe River Half Moon Bay Lake Berryessa Napa River Oakland Estuary Petaluma River Richardson Bay Richmond Inner Harbor Russian River Sacramento River San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay San Leandro Bay San Pablo Bay Sonoma Creek Suisun Bay Tomales Bay


Alameda Contra Costa Marin Napa San Francisco San Mateo Santa Clara Solano Sonoma

Major cities

San Jose San Francisco Oakland

Cities and towns 100k–250k

Antioch Berkeley Concord Daly City Fairfield Fremont Hayward Richmond Santa Clara Santa Rosa Sunnyvale Vallejo

Cities and towns 50k–99k

Alameda Brentwood Castro Valley Cupertino Livermore Milpitas Mountain View Napa Novato Palo Alto Petaluma Pittsburg Pleasanton Redwood City San Leandro San Mateo San Rafael San Ramon South San Francisco Union City Vacaville Walnut Creek

Cities and towns 25k-50k

Belmont Benicia Burlingame Campbell Danville Dublin East Palo Alto Foster City Gilroy Los Altos Los Gatos Martinez Menlo Park Morgan Hill Newark Oakley Pacifica Pleasant Hill Rohnert Park San Bruno San Carlos San Pablo Saratoga Suisun City Windsor

Cities and towns 10k–25k

Alamo Albany American Canyon Ashland Bay Point Cherryland Clayton Discovery Bay Dixon El Cerrito El Sobrante Emeryville Fairview Half Moon Bay Healdsburg Hercules Hillsborough Lafayette Larkspur Millbrae Mill Valley Moraga North Fair Oaks Orinda Piedmont Pinole San Anselmo San Lorenzo Sonoma Stanford Tamalpais-Homestead Valley


East Bay North Bay San Francisco
San Francisco
Peninsula Silicon Valley South Bay

Politics Sports Transportation

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Municipalities and communities of Santa Clara County, California, United States

County seat: San Jose

Cities and towns

Campbell Cupertino Gilroy Los Altos Los Altos Hills Los Gatos Milpitas Monte Sereno Morgan Hill Mountain View Palo Alto San Jose Santa Clara Saratoga Sunnyvale


Alum Rock Burbank Cambrian Park East Foothills Fruitdale Lexington Hills Loyola San Martin Stanford

Unincorporated communities

Ashrama Bell Station Casa Loma Chemeketa Park Coyote Holy City Loma Chiquita Mountain Home New Almaden Old Gilroy Redwood Estates Rucker San Antonio Valley Sargent Sveadal


Diablo Range Lexington Hills Llagas-Uvas South Santa Clara Valley West Santa Clara

Ghost towns

Alma Lexington Patchen Wrights

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 239401377 LCCN: n81019888 GND: 4272431-4 SUDOC: 086016180 BNF: