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Asia and the Pacific Pacific War
Pacific War
China Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria (1945)

MEDITERRANEAN AND MIDDLE EAST North Africa Horn of Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France

OTHER CAMPAIGNS Atlantic Arctic Strategic bombing America French West Africa Madagascar

CONTEMPORANEOUS WARS Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
USSR–Japan Border Wars French–Thai Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion

U.S. 5th Marines evacuate injured personnel during actions on Guadalcanal on November 1, 1942. USS Bunker Hill hit by two Kamikazes in thirty seconds on 11 May 1945 off Kyushu.

The PACIFIC OCEAN THEATER, during World War II
World War II
, was a major theater of the war between the Allies and Japan . It was defined by the Allied powers ' Pacific Ocean Area command, which included most of the Pacific Ocean and its islands, while mainland Asia was excluded, as were the Philippines
Philippines
, the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
, Borneo
Borneo
, Australia
Australia
, most of the Territory of New Guinea
Territory of New Guinea
and the western part of the Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
.

It officially came into existence on March 30, 1942, when US Admiral Chester Nimitz
Chester Nimitz
was appointed Supreme Allied Commander Pacific Ocean Areas . In the other major theatre in the Pacific region, known as the South West Pacific theatre , Allied forces were commanded by US General Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
. Both Nimitz and MacArthur were overseen by the US Joint Chiefs and the Western Allies Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCoS).

Most Japanese forces in the theater were part of the COMBINED FLEET (聯合艦隊, Rengō Kantai) of the Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
(IJN), which was responsible for all Japanese warships, naval aircraft , and marine infantry units. The Rengō Kantai was led by Admiral
Admiral
Isoroku Yamamoto , until he was killed in an attack by U.S. fighter planes in April 1943. Yamamoto was succeeded by Admiral
Admiral
Mineichi Koga (1943–44) and Admiral
Admiral
Soemu Toyoda (1944–45). The GENERAL STAFF (参謀本部, Sanbō Honbu) of the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
was responsible for Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
(IJA) ground and air units in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
and the South Pacific. The IJN and IJA did not formally use joint/combined staff at the operational level, and their command structures/geographical areas of operations overlapped each other and those of the Allies.

In the Pacific Ocean theater, Japanese forces fought primarily against the United States Navy
United States Navy
, US Marine Corps and US Army
US Army
. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, New Zealand
New Zealand
, Australia
Australia
, Canada
Canada
and other Allied nations also contributed forces.

MAJOR CAMPAIGNS AND BATTLES

* Central Pacific Theater

* Attack on Pearl Harbor
Attack on Pearl Harbor
7 December 1941 * Battle of Wake Island 7–23 December 1941 * Doolittle Raid 18 April 1942 * Battle of the Coral Sea
Battle of the Coral Sea
4–8 May 1942 * Battle of Midway
Battle of Midway
4–7 June 1942 * Guadalcanal Campaign
Guadalcanal Campaign
7 August 1942 to 9 February 1943

* Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign 1943–44

* Makin Island raid
Makin Island raid
17–18 August 1942 * Battle of Tarawa 20 November 1943 * Battle of Makin
Battle of Makin
20–23 November 1943 * Battle of Kwajalein 1 February 1944 * Battle of Eniwetok 17 February 1944

* Attack on Truk Island 17–18 February 1944

* Mariana and Palau Islands campaign 1944

* Battle of Saipan 15 June 1944 * Battle of the Philippine Sea
Battle of the Philippine Sea
19–21 June 1944 * Battle of Guam 21 July 1944 * Battle of Tinian
Battle of Tinian
24 July 1944 * Battle of Peleliu
Battle of Peleliu
15 September 1944 * Battle of Angaur
Battle of Angaur
17 September 1944

* Battle of Leyte
Battle of Leyte
20 October 1944

* Battle of Leyte
Battle of Leyte
Gulf 23 October 1944

* Battle of Iwo Jima
Battle of Iwo Jima
19 February 1945 * Battle of Okinawa
Battle of Okinawa
1 April 1945

* North Pacific Theater

* Aleutian Islands Campaign
Aleutian Islands Campaign
1942–43 * Battle of the Komandorski Islands 26 March 1943

REFERENCES

* ^ Cressman 2000, p.84 * ^ A B Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.717 * ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) pp.759–760 * ^ A B C D E F G Silverstone (1968) pp.9–11 * ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) pp.651–652 * ^ Kafka & Pepperburg (1946) p.185 * ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.751 * ^ Ofstie (1946) p.194 * ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.761 * ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.765 * ^ A B Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.770 * ^ A B C D Ofstie (1946) p.275

BIBLIOGRAPHY

The following references are arranged in inverse chronology:

* Toll, Ian (2012). Pacific Crucible: War at Sea in the Pacific, 1941–1942. W. W. Norton and Company. ISBN 0-393-34341-3 . * Miller, Edward S. (2007). War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-500-7 . * Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-149-1 . * Drea, Edward J. (1998). In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1708-0 . * Hakim, Joy (1995). A History of Us: War, Peace and all that Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509514-6 . * Silverstone, Paul H. (1968). U.S. Warships of World War II. Doubleday and Company. * Potter, E.B.; Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
(1960). Sea Power. Prentice-Hall. * Kafka, Roger; Pepperburg, Roy L. (1946). Warships of the World. New York: Cornell Maritime Press. * Ofstie, Ralph A. (1946). The Campaigns of the Pacific War. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office.

* v * t * e

World War II
World War II

* Asia and the Pacific

* China * South-East Asia * North and Central Pacific * South-West Pacific

* Europe

* Western * Eastern

* Mediterranean and Middle East

* North Africa * East Africa * Italy

* West Africa * Atlantic * North America * South America

* Casualties * Military engagements * Conferences * Commanders

PARTICIPANTS

Allies (leaders )

* Australia
Australia
* Belgium * Brazil * Canada
Canada
* China * Cuba * Czechoslovakia * Denmark * Ethiopia * France * Free France (from June 1940) * Greece * India * Italy (from September 1943) * Luxembourg * Mexico * Netherlands * New Zealand
New Zealand
* Norway * Philippines
Philippines
(Commonwealth) * Poland * South Africa * Southern Rhodesia * Soviet Union * United Kingdom
United Kingdom

* United States

* Puerto Rico

* Yugoslavia

Axis and Axis-aligned (leaders )

* Albania * Bulgaria * Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China * Independent State of Croatia
Independent State of Croatia
* Finland * Germany * Hungary * Free India * Iraq * Italy (until September 1943) * Italian Social Republic
Italian Social Republic
* Japan * Manchukuo
Manchukuo
* Philippines
Philippines
(Second Republic) * Romania * Slovakia

* Thailand

* Vichy France
Vichy France

* Armed neutrality

RESISTANCE

* Albania * Austria * Belgium * Bulgaria * Czech lands * Denmark * Estonia * Ethiopia * France * Germany * Greece * Hong Kong * Italy * Japan * Jewish * Korea * Latvia * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Malaya * Netherlands * Northeast China * Norway * Philippines
Philippines

* Poland

* Anti-communist

* Romania * Thailand * Soviet Union * Slovakia * Western Ukraine * Vietnam

* Yugoslavia

* Monarchists

TIMELINE

PRELUDE

* Africa * Asia * Europe

1939

* Poland * Phoney War
Phoney War
* Winter War
Winter War
* Atlantic * Changsha * China

1940

* Weserübung * Netherlands * Belgium

* France

* Armistice of 22 June 1940

* Britain * North Africa * West Africa * British Somaliland * North China * Baltic States * Moldova * Indochina * Greece * Compass

1941

* East Africa * Yugoslavia * Shanggao * Greece * Crete * Iraq * Soviet Union (Barbarossa) * Finland * Lithuania * Syria and Lebanon * Kiev * Iran * Leningrad * Moscow * Sevastopol

* Pearl Harbor

* The outbreak of the Pacific War
Pacific War

* Hong Kong * Philippines
Philippines
* Changsha * Malaya * Borneo
Borneo
(1941–42)

1942

* Burma * Changsha * Java Sea * Coral Sea * Gazala * Dutch Harbor * Attu (occupation) * Kiska * Zhejiang-Jiangxi * Midway * Rzhev * Blue * Stalingrad * Singapore * Dieppe * El Alamein * Guadalcanal * Torch

1943

* Tunisia * Kursk * Smolensk * Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
* Attu * Sicily * Cottage * Lower Dnieper

* Italy

* Armistice of Cassibile
Armistice of Cassibile

* Gilbert and Marshall Islands * Burma * Northern Burma and Western Yunnan * Changde

1944

* Monte Cassino / Shingle * Narva * Korsun–Cherkassy * Tempest * Ichi-Go * Overlord * Neptune * Normandy * Mariana and Palau * Bagration * Western Ukraine * Tannenberg Line * Warsaw * Eastern Romania * Belgrade * Paris * Dragoon * Gothic Line
Gothic Line
* Market Garden * Estonia * Crossbow * Pointblank * Lapland * Hungary * Leyte

* Ardennes

* Bodenplatte

* Philippines
Philippines
(1944–1945) * Burma (1944–45)

1945

* Vistula–Oder * Iwo Jima * Western invasion of Germany * Okinawa * Italy (Spring 1945) * Borneo
Borneo
* Syrmian Front
Syrmian Front
* Berlin * Czechoslovakia * Budapest * West Hunan * Guangxi * Surrender of Germany * Project Hula
Project Hula
* Manchuria * Manila * Borneo
Borneo
* Taipei

* Atomic bombings

* Debate

* Kuril Islands

* Shumshu

* Surrender of Japan
Surrender of Japan

* End of World War II
World War II
in Asia

ASPECTS

GENERAL

FAMINES

* Bengal famine of 1943
Bengal famine of 1943
* Chinese famine of 1942–43 * Greek Famine of 1941-1944 * Vietnamese Famine of 1945

* Air warfare of World War II
World War II
* Blitzkrieg
Blitzkrieg
* Comparative military ranks * Cryptography * Diplomacy

* Home front

* United States * Australian * United Kingdom
United Kingdom

* Lend-Lease
Lend-Lease
* Manhattan Project
Manhattan Project
* Military awards * Military equipment * Military production * Nazi plunder * Opposition

* Technology

* Allied cooperation

* Total war * Strategic bombing * Puppet states * Women * Art and World War II
World War II

AFTERMATH

* Expulsion of Germans * Operation Paperclip
Operation Paperclip
* Operation Osoaviakhim * Operation Keelhaul * Occupation of Germany * Territorial changes of Germany

* Soviet occupations

* Romania * Poland * Hungary * Baltic States

* Occupation of Japan * First Indochina War
First Indochina War
* Indonesian National Revolution
Indonesian National Revolution
* Cold War
Cold War
* Decolonization
Decolonization
* Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany
Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany
* Popular culture

WAR CRIMES

* Allied war crimes

* Soviet war crimes * British war crimes * United States war crimes

* German (Forced labour ) / Wehrmacht war crimes

* Holocaust * Aftermath * Response * Prosecution

* Italian war crimes

* Japanese war crimes
Japanese war crimes

* Unit 731
Unit 731
* Prosecution

* Croatian war crimes

* against the Serbs * against the Jews

Wartime sexual violence

* German military brothels * Camp brothels * Rape during the occupation of Japan * Sook Ching
Sook Ching
* Comfort women
Comfort women
* Rape of Nanking * Rape of Manila * Rape during the occupation of Germany * Rape during the liberation of France * Rape during the liberation of Poland

PRISONERS

* Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * German prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * German prisoners of war in the United States * Italian prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet Union
Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet Union
* Japanese prisoners of war in World War II
World War II
* German mistreatment of Soviet prisoners of war
German mistreatment of Soviet prisoners of war
* Polish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * Romanian prisoners of war in the Soviet Union

* Bibliography * Category
Category

.