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China Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria (1945)

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Contemporaneous wars

Chinese Civil War USSR–Japan Border Wars French–Thai Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion

U.S. 5th Marines evacuate injured personnel during actions on Guadalcanal on November 1, 1942.

USS Bunker Hill hit by two Kamikazes in thirty seconds on 11 May 1945 off Kyushu

The Pacific Ocean theater, during World War II, was a major theater of the war between the Allies and the Empire of Japan. It was defined by the Allied powers' Pacific Ocean Area command, which included most of the Pacific Ocean and its islands, while mainland Asia was excluded, as were the Philippines, the Dutch East Indies, Borneo, Australia, most of the Territory of New Guinea
Territory of New Guinea
and the western part of the Solomon Islands. It officially came into existence on March 30, 1942, when US Admiral Chester Nimitz
Chester Nimitz
was appointed Supreme Allied Commander Pacific Ocean Areas.[1] In the other major theatre in the Pacific region, known as the South West Pacific theatre, Allied forces were commanded by US General Douglas MacArthur. Both Nimitz and MacArthur were overseen by the US Joint Chiefs
Joint Chiefs
and the Western Allies Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCoS). Most Japanese forces in the theater were part of the Combined Fleet (聯合艦隊, Rengō Kantai) of the Imperial Japanese Navy
Imperial Japanese Navy
(IJN), which was responsible for all Japanese warships, naval aircraft, and marine infantry units. The Rengō Kantai was led by Admiral
Admiral
Isoroku Yamamoto, until he was killed in an attack by U.S. fighter planes in April 1943.[2] Yamamoto was succeeded by Admiral
Admiral
Mineichi Koga (1943–44)[2] and Admiral
Admiral
Soemu Toyoda
Soemu Toyoda
(1944–45).[3] The General Staff (参謀本部, Sanbō Honbu) of the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
(IJA) was responsible for Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
ground and air units in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
and the South Pacific. The IJN and IJA did not formally use joint/combined staff at the operational level, and their command structures/geographical areas of operations overlapped with each other and those of the Allies. In the Pacific Ocean theater, Japanese forces fought primarily against the United States Navy, the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Army. The United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, Canada
Canada
and other Allied nations also contributed forces. Major campaigns and battles[edit]

Central Pacific Theater

Attack on Pearl Harbour
Attack on Pearl Harbour
7 December 1941[4] Battle of Wake Island
Battle of Wake Island
7–23 December 1941[5] Doolittle Raid
Doolittle Raid
18 April 1942[4] Battle of the Coral Sea
Battle of the Coral Sea
4–8 May 1942 Battle of Midway
Battle of Midway
4–7 June 1942[4] Guadalcanal Campaign
Guadalcanal Campaign
7 August 1942 to 9 February 1943 Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign
Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign
1943–44

Makin Island raid
Makin Island raid
17–18 August 1942[6] Battle of Tarawa
Battle of Tarawa
20 November 1943[4] Battle of Makin
Battle of Makin
20–23 November 1943 Battle of Kwajalein
Battle of Kwajalein
14 February 1944[7] Battle of Eniwetok
Battle of Eniwetok
17 February 1944[8]

Attack on Truk Island 17–18 February 1944 Mariana and Palau Islands campaign
Mariana and Palau Islands campaign
1944

Battle of Saipan
Battle of Saipan
15 June 1944[9] Battle of the Philippine Sea
Battle of the Philippine Sea
19–21 June 1944[10] Battle of Guam 21 July 1944[11] Battle of Tinian
Battle of Tinian
24 July 1944[11] Battle of Peleliu
Battle of Peleliu
15 September 1944[12] Battle of Angaur
Battle of Angaur
17 September 1944[12]

Battle of Leyte
Battle of Leyte
20 October 1944[12]

Battle of Leyte
Battle of Leyte
Gulf 23 October 1944[12]

Battle of Iwo Jima
Battle of Iwo Jima
19 February 1945[4] Battle of Okinawa
Battle of Okinawa
1 April 1945[4]

North Pacific Theater

Aleutian Islands Campaign
Aleutian Islands Campaign
1942–43 Battle of the Komandorski Islands
Battle of the Komandorski Islands
26 March 1943[4]

References[edit]

^ Cressman 2000, p.84 ^ a b Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.717 ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) pp.759–760 ^ a b c d e f g Silverstone (1968) pp.9–11 ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) pp.651–652 ^ Kafka & Pepperburg (1946) p.185 ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.751 ^ Ofstie (1946) p.194 ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.761 ^ Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.765 ^ a b Potter & Nimitz (1960) p.770 ^ a b c d Ofstie (1946) p.275

Bibliography[edit] The following references are arranged in inverse chronology:

Toll, Ian (2012). Pacific Crucible: War at Sea in the Pacific, 1941–1942. W. W. Norton and Company. ISBN 0-393-34341-3.  Miller, Edward S. (2007). War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-500-7.  Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-149-1.  Drea, Edward J. (1998). In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1708-0.  Hakim, Joy (1995). A History of Us: War, Peace and all that Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509514-6.  Silverstone, Paul H. (1968). U.S. Warships of World War II. Doubleday and Company.  Potter, E.B.; Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
(1960). Sea Power. Prentice-Hall.  Kafka, Roger; Pepperburg, Roy L. (1946). Warships of the World. New York: Cornell Maritime Press.  Ofstie, Ralph A. (1946). The Campaigns of the Pacific War. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. 

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World War II

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Casualties Military engagements Conferences Commanders

Participants

Allies (leaders)

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Puerto Rico

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Armed neutrality

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1939

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1940

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Armistice of 22 June 1940

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1941

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The outbreak of the Pacific War

Hong Kong Philippines Changsha Malaya Borneo
Borneo
(1941–42)

1942

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1943

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Armistice of Cassibile

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1944

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Bodenplatte

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1945

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Debate

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Surrender of Japan

End of World War II
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in Asia

Aspects

General

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against the Serbs against the Jews

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Bibliography Cat

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