HOME
The Info List - Pacific Islands Forum





The Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
(PIF) is an inter-governmental organization that aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean. It was founded in 1971 as the South Pacific Forum. In 1999, the name was changed; Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
is more inclusive of the Forum's Oceania-spanning membership of both north and south Pacific island countries, including Australia. It is an official observer at the United Nations[3]. The mission of the Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
is “to work in support of Forum member governments, to enhance the economic and social well-being of the people of the South Pacific by fostering cooperation between governments and between international agencies, and by representing the interests of Forum members in ways agreed by the Forum”. Its decisions are implemented by the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS), which grew out of the South Pacific Bureau for Economic Co-operation (SPEC). As well as its role in harmonising regional positions on various political and policy issues, the Forum Secretariat has technical programmes in economic development, transport and trade. The Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
Secretary General is the permanent Chairman of the Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP).[4] Australia
Australia
and New Zealand
New Zealand
are generally larger and wealthier than the other countries that make up the rest of the forum, Australia's population is around twice that of the other 17 members combined and its economy is more than five times larger. They are significant aid donors and big markets for exports from the other countries. Military and police forces as well as civilian personnel of Forum states, chiefly Australia
Australia
and New Zealand, have recently been part of regional peacekeeping and stabilization operations in other states, notably in Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
(2003–) and Nauru
Nauru
(2004–2009), under Forum auspices. Such regional efforts are mandated by the Biketawa Declaration, which was adopted at the 31st Summit of Pacific Islands Forum Leaders, held at Kiribati
Kiribati
in October 2000. In September 2011, the U.S. territories
U.S. territories
of American Samoa, Guam
Guam
and the Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
were granted observer status in the Pacific Islands Forum,[5] while in September 2016 the French territories of French Polynesia
French Polynesia
and New Caledonia
New Caledonia
were granted full membership.[6]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Suspension of Fiji

2 Membership 3 Secretaries General 4 Institutions and legal framework 5 Pacific Island Countries Trade Agreement 6 Recent works 7 Prospects 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] From August 5–7, 1971, the first meeting of the South Pacific Forum was initiated by New Zealand
New Zealand
and held in Wellington, with attendants of the following seven countries: the President of Nauru, the Prime Ministers of Western Samoa, Tonga
Tonga
and Fiji, the Premier of the Cook Islands, the Australian Minister for External Territories, and the Prime Minister of New Zealand. It was a private and informal discussion of a wide range of issues of common concern, concentrating on matters directly affecting the daily lives of the people of the islands of the South Pacific, devoting particular attention to trade, shipping, tourism, and education. Afterwards this meeting was held annually in member countries and areas in turn. In 1999, the 30th South Pacific Forum decided to transform into Pacific Islands Forum, with more extensive and formal way of discussion and organization. Immediately after the forum’s annual meeting at head of government level, the Post Forum Dialogue (PFD) is conducted at ministerial level with PFD development partners around the world.[7] Suspension of Fiji[edit] In August 2008, the Forum threatened to suspend Fiji
Fiji
if the latter did not commit to holding a general election by March 2009.[8] Subsequently, at a special leaders' meeting of the Pacific Islands Forum, held in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
in January 2009, Forum leaders set a deadline of 1 May, by which date Fiji
Fiji
must set a date for elections before the end of the year. Fiji
Fiji
rejected the deadline. Consequently, on May 2, Fiji
Fiji
was suspended indefinitely from participation in the Forum with immediate effect.[9][10] Toke Talagi, the Chair of the Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
and Premier of Niue, described the suspension as "also particularly timely given the recent disturbing deterioration of the political, legal and human rights situation in Fiji
Fiji
since April 10, 2009".[11] He described Fiji
Fiji
as “a regime which displays such a total disregard for basic human rights, democracy and freedom” which he believed contravened membership of the Pacific Islands Forum.[11] Talagi emphasised, however, that Fiji
Fiji
had not been expelled and that it would be welcomed back into the fold when it returned to the path of "constitutional democracy, through free and fair elections".[11] The 2009 suspension of Fiji
Fiji
marked the first time that a country had been suspended from the Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
in the history of the then 38-year-old organization.[12] Following the Fijian general election of 17 September 2014, the Forum lifted the suspension of Fiji
Fiji
on 22 October 2014.[13] Membership[edit]

Member states[14]

  Australia
Australia
(AU)   Cook Islands
Cook Islands
(CK)   Fiji
Fiji
(FJ)   French Polynesia
French Polynesia
(PF)[6]

  Kiribati
Kiribati
(KI)   Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
(MH)   Micronesia
Micronesia
(FM)   Nauru
Nauru
(NR)

  New Caledonia
New Caledonia
(NC)[6]   New Zealand
New Zealand
(NZ)   Niue
Niue
(NU)   Palau
Palau
(PW)

  Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
(PG)   Samoa
Samoa
(WS)   Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
(SB)   Tonga
Tonga
(TO)

  Tuvalu
Tuvalu
(TV)   Vanuatu
Vanuatu
(VU)

Associate members Observers

  Tokelau
Tokelau
(TK)[6][15]  American Samoa
Samoa
(AS)   Guam
Guam
(GU)   Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
(MP)

 Timor-Leste (TL)   Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna
(WF)[16]  United Nations

Asian Development Bank Commonwealth of Nations WCPFC

World Bank

For abbreviations, see ISO 3166-1.

Dialogue partners

 Canada   China
China
(CN)  Cuba  European Union

 France  India   Indonesia
Indonesia
(ID)  Italy

 Japan  South Korea   Malaysia
Malaysia
(MY)   Philippines
Philippines
(PH)

 Spain   Taiwan
Taiwan
(TW)  Thailand  Turkey

 United Kingdom  United States

Secretaries General[edit] Main article: Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum The Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat
Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat
is appointed to a three-year term by the leaders of the member states.[17] The Secretary General reports directly to the national leaders and the Forum Officials' Committee (FOC).[17] The Secretary General also automatically serves as the permanent chairman of the Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP).[17]

# Name Country Took office Left office

Directors of the South Pacific Bureau for Economic Co-operation

1 Mahe Tupouniua  Tonga November 1972 1980

2 Gabriel Gris  Papua New Guinea 1980 1982 (died in office)

John Sheppard (acting)  Australia 1982 January 1983

3 Mahe Tupouniua  Tonga January 1983 January 1986

4 Henry Naisali  Tuvalu January 1986 September 1988

Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum

Henry Naisali  Tuvalu September 1988 January 1992

5 Ieremia Tabai  Kiribati January 1992 January 1998

6 Noel Levi  Papua New Guinea February 1998 16 May 2004

7 Greg Urwin  Australia 16 May 2004 2 May 2008 (resigned)

Feleti Teo
Feleti Teo
(acting)  Tuvalu 2 May 2008 13 October 2008

8 Tuiloma Neroni Slade   Samoa
Samoa
[18] 13 October 2008 4 December 2014

9 Meg Taylor  Papua New Guinea 4 December 2014 incumbent

Institutions and legal framework[edit]

Library and archives building at the Secretariat complex in Suva, Fiji.

The Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
Secretariat was established initially as a trade bureau in 1972 and later became the South Pacific Bureau for Economic Co-operation (SPEC). The name South Pacific Forum Secretariat was approved by member governments in 1988 and changed to Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat in 2000. There are four divisions in the Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
Secretariat, and each of these divisions has direct responsibility for a range of programs designed to improve the capacity of the Forum member countries and to co-ordinate action on matters of common interest:

Development and Economic Policy Trade and Investment Political, International and Legal Affairs Corporate Services

The Forum Economic Ministers Meeting (FEMM) established in 1995, plays a key role in assessing regional economic developments.[19] Pacific Island Countries Trade Agreement[edit] See also: Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations and South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement The Pacific Island Countries Trade Agreement[20] (PICTA) aims to establish a free-trade area between 14 of the Pacific Islands Forum countries. As of 2013, it had been signed by 12 states:[21]

Cook Islands Fiji Kiribati Micronesia Nauru Niue Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

It has not been signed by either Palau
Palau
or the Marshall Islands. All of the signing states have ratified the treaty, with the exception of Micronesia. As of March 2008, six countries had announced that domestic arrangements had been made enabling them to trade under the agreement:[21] Cook Islands, Fiji, Niue, Samoa, Solomon Islands,[22] Vanuatu.[23] After the trade agreement goes into force, countries commit to removing tariffs on most goods by 2021. As of April 2008, The Forum Island Countries are also negotiating an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the European Union. It is important to note that the PICTA discussed here covers only the trade of goods. At the Forum Island Leaders Meeting held in Rarotonga, Cook Islands
Cook Islands
on 28 August 2012, nine members signed the Pacific Island Countries Trade Agreement Trade in Services (PICTA TIS).[24] As of April 2008, there is an ongoing negotiation to design and agree on a protocol to include trade in services and the temporary movement of natural persons (a broader concept than the GATS's Mode 4).[25] The Office of the Chief Trade Adviser was established on 29 March 2010 to provide independent advice and support to the Pacific Forum Island Countries (FICs) in the PACER Plus trade negotiations with Australia and New Zealand. Recent works[edit] An “open skies” policy has been under work by a number of nations. The Pacific Islands Air Services Agreement or PIASA would allow member nations to have more access for their airlines to other member countries. To date there have been ten signatories, Cook Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu
Tuvalu
and Vanuatu, while only six have ratified the agreement. These six are Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Samoa, Tonga
Tonga
and Vanuatu. At the 19–20 August 2008 Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
meeting in Niue, the leaders discussed Pacific Plan priorities including, “fisheries, energy, trade and economic integration, climate change and transport, in addition to information and communication technology, health, education, and good governance.” Leaders also discussed the impacts of climate change and adopted the Niue
Niue
Declaration on Climate Change. Restoration of democratic governance in Fiji
Fiji
was discussed as were consequences should the interim government fail to meet established deadlines.[26] Regional assistance to the Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
and Nauru was discussed, followed by discussion of radioactive contamination in the Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
from US government tests. Regional institutional framework issues and WTO
WTO
Doha round developments were discussed, followed by discussion of country-initiatives and the Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility launched 19 August 2008 to provide up to A$200 million over four years to help improve infrastructure in Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu
Tuvalu
and Vanuatu.[14] The United Nations announced that it would partner with Samoa
Samoa
to develop an Inter-Agency Climate Change Centre to help Pacific island nations combat the impacts of climate change in the region.[27] In the 2013 forum, the Marshall Islands, supported by all other Pacific nations, claimed compensation from the United States
United States
for the nuclear tests conducted on the islands during the 1940s and 1950s.[28][29] Prospects[edit] There has been a call from within both the Australian and New Zealand business communities to extend the CER (Closer Economic Relations) to other Pacific island nations, moving towards a single market and allowing the free movement of people and goods. A Pacific Union
Pacific Union
has been theorized as the next step of the forum. In September 2016, the Pacific Islands Association of Non-Governmental Organisations (PIANGO) regional network, encouraged member states’ leaders to include in the organisation's agenda the issue of human rights violations in West Papua.[30] See also[edit]

Secretariat of the Pacific Community Pacific Forum Line
Pacific Forum Line
– a regional shipping company owned by 12 Pacific Islands Forum member countries Pacific Islands Private Sector Organisation (PIPSO) Pacific Union Polynesian Leaders Group Melanesian Spearhead Group Micronesian Chief Executives Trade bloc Forum Fisheries Agency

References[edit]

^ Corresponds to the terrestrial surface. Including the Exclusive Economic Zones of each member state, the total area is 37 894 287 km². ^ "Demographic Statistics - Prism - Pacific Statistics". Retrieved 14 January 2017.  ^ https://www.un.org/en/sections/member-states/intergovernmental-organizations/index.html ^ Unattributed. "About Us". Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
web site. Pacific Islands Forum. Retrieved 2008-08-23.  ^ "American Samoa's Tulafono pleased to be part of Pacific family". Radio New Zealand
New Zealand
International. 2011-09-09. Retrieved 2011-09-16.  ^ a b c d "Forum Communiqué, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia" (PDF). Forty-Seventh Pacific Islands Forum. Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. 2016-09-10. Retrieved 2016-09-15.  ^ The Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
(Former South Pacific Forum)- Pacific Regional Order, pp 58-80, by Dave Peebles- Retrieved 2017-01-08 ^ "Solomon's Prime Minister says all Forum members backed suspension threat". Radio New Zealand
New Zealand
International. 24 August 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2011.  ^ Statement by Forum Chair on suspension of the Fiji
Fiji
military regime from the Pacific Islands Forum; PIFS Press Statement 21/09, 2 May 2009 ^ "Chair of Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
says Fiji
Fiji
has been suspended". Radio New Zealand
New Zealand
International. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2011.  ^ a b c " Fiji
Fiji
suspended from Pacific Islands Forum". Xinhua
Xinhua
News Agency. 2009-05-02. Retrieved 2009-05-02.  ^ " Fiji
Fiji
isolated after election deadline expires". Australia Broadcasting Corporation. 2009-05-01. Retrieved 2009-05-03.  ^ Statement by Forum Chair on lifting the suspension of Fiji
Fiji
from the Pacific Islands Forum. Forumsec.org (2014-10-24). Retrieved on 2015-01-07. ^ a b "Forum Communiqué, Alofi, Niue" (PDF). Thirty-Ninth Pacific Islands Forum. Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
Secretariat. 2008-08-20. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  The Niue
Niue
Declaration on Climate Change is Appendix B of this document. ^ " Tokelau
Tokelau
happy as forum associate member". Pacific News. Radio New Zealand International. 2016-09-27. Retrieved 27 September 2016.  ^ Unattributed (2008-08-22). "Decision on Wallis bid to join Forum (as Associate Member) deferred". Latest Pacific News Headlines. Radio New Zealand International. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  ^ a b c Vula, Timoci (2011-09-09). "Slade back at the helm". Fiji Times. Archived from the original on 2014-08-08. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Fisher, Mue (2011-09-09). "Forum Leaders endorse Slade's second term as SG". PRESS STATEMENT (83/11). Forum Secretariat. Archived from the original on 2014-02-25. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Dave Peebles -Pacific Regional Order 2005 1920942467- Page 141 "As discussed in Chapter Four, in 1995 the Forum instituted a new annual meeting, the Forum Economic Ministers Meeting (FEMM). According to the Forum Secretariat, the FEMM 'plays a key role in assessing regional economic developments, ... ^ "Page Not Found - Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
Secretariat" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2017.  ^ a b "Page Not Found - Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
Secretariat" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 May 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2017.  ^ " Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Ready to Trade Under PICTA", Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat ^ " Vanuatu
Vanuatu
ready to trade under PICTA", People's Daily Online ^ [1] Protocol ^ Pacific Trade in Services Negotiations - First Round, Pacific Island Forum Secretariat ^ Gao (2008-08-22). " Fiji
Fiji
ministers "angry" at Pacific Islands Forum's suspension warning". World. Xinhuanet. Retrieved 2008-08-23.  "Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd said Pacific leaders were losing patience with Fiji's interim government. He said Australia
Australia
will mobilize any resources necessary to restore democracy to Fiji." ^ Unattributed (2008-08-19). "UN to Help Pacific Island States Fight Climate Change". Environment News Service. Archived from the original on 2014-08-30. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Unattributed (2013-09-19). "Nuclear contamination still an issue for Marshall Islands". Radio Australia. Retrieved 2013-09-19.  ^ Unattributed (2013-09-19). " Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
minister unhappy with John Key nuclear response". Radio New Zealand
New Zealand
International. Retrieved 2013-09-19.  ^ "Geo Politics At Play Over Leader's Lack of Expressed Commitment on West Papua". PIANGO. Retrieved 30 September 2016. 

External links[edit]

Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
Secretariat "Backgrounder: Pacific Islands Forum", Xinhua, August 18, 2008 Articles on Pacific Islands Agricultural Trade at Agritrade

v t e

Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
(PIF)

Members

Australia Cook Islands Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia Nauru New Zealand Niue Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associate members

French Polynesia New Caledonia

Observers

Commonwealth of Nations East Timor Tokelau United Nations Wallis and Futuna Guam American Samoa Northern Mariana Islands Asian Development Bank Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC)

Dialogue partners

Canada China Cuba European Union France India Indonesia Italy Japan Korea Malaysia Philippines Spain Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States

Meetings

45th

v t e

International trade

Terminology

Absolute advantage Balance of payments Balance of trade Capital account Comparative advantage Current account Export-oriented industrialization Fair trade Foreign exchange reserves Globalization Import substitution industrialization Net capital outflow Outsourcing Tariff Trade justice Trade war Trading nation

Organizations and policies

International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
(IMF) United Nations
United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development World Bank
World Bank
Group World Trade Organization
Organization
(WTO)

International Trade Centre

Bilateral investment treaty Economic integration Free-trade zone Special
Special
economic zone Trade agreement Trade barrier Trade bloc

Political economy

Free trade
Free trade
(Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, Repeal of the Corn Laws) Mercantilism Protectionism
Protectionism
(Economic nationalism, Autarky)

Regional organizations

ACU ASEAN CACM CAN CARICOM CEMAC CUBKR EAC EAU EU GCC Mercosur RCEP SAARC SACU WAEMU

Exports by product

Aircraft & Spacecraft Aircraft parts Aluminium Cars Car parts Coal Coffee Computers Copper Corn Cotton Diamonds Electricity Engines Gas turbines Gold Integrated circuits Iron ore Natural gas Oil Petrol Pharmaceuticals Ships Steel Telecommunications equipment Telephones Trucks Wheat Wine

Category Commons

v t e

Regional organizations

Bodies

African Union Arab League Asia Cooperation Dialogue APEC OCS ASEAN BBIN BIMSTEC Caribbean Community Central American Integration System Commonwealth of Independent States Commonwealth of Nations Community of Latin American and Caribbean States Council of Europe East African Community ECOWAS Economic Cooperation Organization Eurasian Economic Union EU GUAM Gulf Cooperation Council IORA Latin American Parliament Melanesian Spearhead Group Mercosur NATO Nordic Council OAS PIF Polynesian Leaders Group RCEP SCO SAARC TAKM Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat Turkic Council Union of South American Nations V4 West Nordic Council

Topics

Regional integration Regional organizations by population Regionalism (international relations)

v t e

Power in international relations

Types

Economic Energy Food Hard National Power politics Realpolitik Smart Soft Sharp

Status

Emerging Small Middle Regional Great Super Hyper

Geopolitics

American Asian British Chinese Indian Pacific

History

List of ancient great powers List of medieval great powers List of modern great powers International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919)

Theory

Balance of power

European

Center of power Hegemonic stability theory Philosophy of power Polarity Power projection Power transition theory Second Superpower Sphere of influence Superpower
Superpower
collapse Superpower
Superpower
disengagement

Studies

Composite Index of National Capability Comprehensive National Power

Organizations and groups by region or regions affected

Africa

African Union Union for the Mediterranean

Africa–Asia

Arab League Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
(GCC) Organization
Organization
of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

Americas

Mercosur North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Organization
(NATO) Organization
Organization
of American States (OAS) Union of South American Nations
Union of South American Nations
(Unasur)

Asia

Asia Cooperation Dialogue
Asia Cooperation Dialogue
(ACD) Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
(APEC) Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN) China–Japan– South Korea
South Korea
trilateral summits Economic Cooperation Organization
Organization
(ECO) South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
(SAARC) Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
(SCO)

Europe

Council of Europe
Council of Europe
(CE) European Union
European Union
(EU) Nordic Council Visegrád Group

Eurasia

Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
(CIS) Collective Security Treaty Organization
Organization
(CSTO) Economic Cooperation Organization
Organization
(ECO) Eurasian Economic Union
Eurasian Economic Union
(EaEU) Turkic Council

North America–Europe

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Organization
(NATO) Arctic Council

Africa–Asia–Europe

Union for the Mediterranean

Africa–South America

South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone

Oceania-Pacific

Australia–New Zealand– United States
United States
Security Treaty (ANZUS) Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
(APEC) Melanesian Spearhead Group
Melanesian Spearhead Group
(MSG) Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
(PIF) Polynesian Leaders Group
Polynesian Leaders Group
(PLG)

Non-regional

Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS) Commonwealth of Nations Francophonie Colombia–Indonesia–Vietnam–Egypt–Turkey–South Africa (CIVETS) E7 E9 G4 G7 G8 G8+5 G20 G24 G77 India–Brazil–South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA) Mexico–Indonesia–Nigeria– Turkey
Turkey
(MINT) Next Eleven
Next Eleven
(N-11) Non-Aligned Movement
Non-Aligned Movement
(NAM) Organization
Organization
for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Uniting for Consensus

Global

United

.