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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Botswana:
Botswana Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana ( tn, Lefatshe la Botswana, label= Setswana; Kalanga: ''Hango yeBotswana''), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African ...
– a
landlocked A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastlines lie on endorheic basin, endorheic basins. There are currently 44 landlocked countries and 5 list of states with limited recognition, partial ...
sovereign country located in
Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are common ...
. Citizens of Botswana are Batswana (singular: Motswana), regardless of ethnicity. Formerly the British
protectorate A protectorate is a state that is controlled and protected by another sovereign state. It is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy over most internal affairs while still recognizing the suzerainty of a more powerful sovereign ...
of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the
Commonwealth
Commonwealth
on 30 September 1966. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast,
Namibia Namibia (, ), officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in Southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and eas ...
to the west,
Zambia Zambia (), officially the Republic of Zambia (Tonga language (Zambia and Zimbabwe), Tonga: ''Cisi ca Zambia''; Chewa language, Nyanja: ''Dziko la Zambia''), is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central Africa, Central, Southern Africa ...
to the north, and
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the south-west, Zambia to the north, and Mozambi ...

Zimbabwe
to the northeast. The economy, closely tied to South Africa's, is dominated by mining (especially diamonds), tourism, and cattle.


General reference

*
PronunciationPronunciation is the way in which a word or a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languages have a writing s ...
: , also * Common English country name:
Botswana Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana ( tn, Lefatshe la Botswana, label= Setswana; Kalanga: ''Hango yeBotswana''), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African ...
* Official English country name: The Republic of Botswana * Official endonym: Lefatshe la Botswana * Adjectival: Motswana *
Demonym A demonym (; from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods ...
: Batswana * Etymology: Land of the Tswana * International rankings of Botswana * ISO country codes: BW, BWA, 072 * ISO region codes: See ISO 3166-2:BW * Internet country code top-level domain: .bw


Geography of Botswana

Geography of Botswana * Botswana is: a landlocked country * Location: ** Eastern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere ** Africa ***
Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are common ...
** Time zone: Central Africa Time (UTC+02) ** Extreme points of Botswana *** High: Otse Hill *** Low: Confluence of Limpopo River and Shashe River ** Land boundaries: 4,013 km :: 1,840 km :: 1,360 km :: 813 km :: <1 km :* Coastline: ''none'' * Population of Botswana: 1,639,833 (2006) - List of countries by population, 147th most populous country * * Area of Botswana: - List of countries and outlying territories by area, 46th largest country * :commons:Atlas of Botswana, Atlas of Botswana


Environment of Botswana

* Climate of Botswana * List of ecoregions in Botswana, Ecoregions in Botswana * Geology of Botswana * Protected areas of Botswana ** List of national parks of Botswana, National parks of Botswana * Wildlife of Botswana ** Fauna of Botswana *** List of birds of Botswana, Birds of Botswana *** List of mammals of Botswana, Mammals of Botswana


Natural geographic features of Botswana

* Glaciers in Botswana: none The only List of glaciers in Africa, glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). Se
Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.
/ref> * Lakes of Botswana ** List of dams and reservoirs in Botswana, Dams and reservoirs of Botswana * List of rivers of Botswana, Rivers of Botswana * List of World Heritage Sites in Africa#Botswana, World Heritage Sites in Botswana: Tsodilo Hills and Okavango Delta


Regions of Botswana

Regions of Botswana


Ecoregions of Botswana

List of ecoregions in Botswana


Administrative divisions of Botswana

Administrative divisions of Botswana * Districts of Botswana ** Sub-districts of Botswana


=Districts of Botswana

= Districts of Botswana


=Sub-districts of Botswana

=


=Municipalities of Botswana

= * Capital (political), Capital of Botswana: Gaborone * List of cities in Botswana, Cities of Botswana


Demography of Botswana

Demographics of Botswana


Government and politics of Botswana

* Form of government: parliamentary system, parliamentary representative democracy, representative democratic republic * Capital (political), Capital of Botswana: Gaborone * Elections in Botswana * List of political parties in Botswana, Political parties in Botswana


Branches of government

Government of Botswana


Executive branch of the government of Botswana

* Head of state: President of Botswana * Head of government: President of Botswana * Cabinet of Botswana ** President of Botswana, President ** Vice-President of Botswana, Vice president ** Minister of Presidential Affairs and Public Administration ** Minister of Local Government *
Minister of Trade and Industry
*
Minister of Finance and Development Planning
*
Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture
*
Minister of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources
*
Minister of Infrastructure, Science and Technology
** Minister of Defence, Justice and Security *
Minister of Agriculture
*
Minister of Works and Transport
** Minister of Labour and Home Affairs *
Minister of Health
*
Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MoFAIC)
*
Minister of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism
** Minister of Education and Skills Development *
Minister of Lands and Housing


Legislative branch of the government of Botswana

* Parliament of Botswana (bicameral) ** Upper house: Ntlo ya Dikgosi ** Lower house: National Assembly of Botswana *** Parliamentary constituencies of Botswana


Judicial branch of the government of Botswana

Court system of Botswana


Foreign relations of Botswana

Foreign relations of Botswana * List of diplomatic missions in Botswana, Diplomatic missions in Botswana * Diplomatic missions of Botswana


International organization membership

The Republic of Botswana is a member of: * African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States (ACP) * African Development Bank Group (AfDB) * African Union (AU) * Commonwealth of Nations * Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) * Group of 77 (G77) * International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) * International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) * International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) * International Criminal Court (ICCt) * International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) * International Development Association (IDA) * International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS) * International Finance Corporation (IFC) * International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) * International Labour Organization (ILO) * International Monetary Fund (IMF) * International Olympic Committee (IOC) * International Organization for Standardization (ISO) * International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM) * International Telecommunication Union (ITU) * International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO) * International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) * Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) * Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) * Nonaligned Movement (NAM) * Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) * Southern African Customs Union (SACU) * Southern African Development Community (SADC) * United Nations (UN) * United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) * United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) * United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) * United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) * Universal Postal Union (UPU) * World Customs Organization (WCO) * World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) * World Health Organization (WHO) * World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) * World Meteorological Organization (WMO) * World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) * World Trade Organization (WTO)


Law and order in Botswana

Law of Botswana * Constitution of Botswana * Human rights in Botswana ** LGBT rights in Botswana ** Freedom of religion in Botswana


Military of Botswana

Military of Botswana * Command ** Commander-in-chief: * Forces ** Army of Botswana ** Navy of Botswana: None ** Air Force of Botswana


Local government in Botswana

Local government in Botswana


History of Botswana

History of Botswana * History of Gaborone


Culture of Botswana

Culture of Botswana * Cuisine of Botswana * Languages of Botswana * National symbols of Botswana ** Coat of arms of Botswana ** Flag of Botswana ** National anthem of Botswana * People of Botswana * Prostitution in Botswana * Public holidays in Botswana * Religion in Botswana ** Christianity in Botswana ** Hinduism in Botswana ** Islam in Botswana ** Sikhism in Botswana * List of World Heritage Sites in Africa, World Heritage Sites in Botswana: ** Okavango Delta ** Tsodilo


Art in Botswana

* Art in Botswana * Music of Botswana


Sports in Botswana

Sports in Botswana * Football in Botswana * Botswana at the Olympics


Economy and infrastructure of Botswana

* List of countries by GDP (nominal), Economic rank, by nominal GDP (2007): 106th (one hundred and sixth) * Agriculture in Botswana * Communications in Botswana ** Internet in Botswana * List of companies of Botswana, Companies of Botswana * Currency, Currency of Botswana: Botswana pula, Pula ** ISO 4217: BWP * Energy in Botswana * Health care in Botswana * Mining in Botswana * Botswana Stock Exchange * Tourism in Botswana * Transport in Botswana ** List of airports in Botswana, Airports in Botswana ** Rail transport in Botswana * Buildings in Botswana ** iTowers of Masa Square CBD


Education in Botswana

Education in Botswana


Health in Botswana

Health in Botswana


See also

Botswana Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana ( tn, Lefatshe la Botswana, label= Setswana; Kalanga: ''Hango yeBotswana''), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African ...
* * * List of Botswana-related topics * List of international rankings * Member state of the Commonwealth of Nations * Member state of the United Nations * Outline of Africa * Outline of geography


References


External links

*
The Government of Botswana
*
Botswana
''The World Factbook''. Central Intelligence Agency.
WWW-VL: Botswana History
{{Outline footer Outlines of countries, Botswana Wikipedia outlines, Botswana Botswana, Outline Botswana-related lists,