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Osasco (Portuguese pronunciation: [oˈzasku]) is a municipality in São Paulo State, Brazil, located in the Greater São Paulo[4] and ranking 5th in population among São Paulo municipalities. According to the IBGE 2015, Osasco currently has the 9th highest Gross Domestic Product in Brazil, and the 2nd largest in the State of São Paulo. The population is 696,382 (2016 est.) in an area of 64.95 km².[5] It is among the world's more dense cities, similar in density to Tokyo and New York City. It's considered the major urban centre of the Western portion of the Greater São Paulo. It used to be a district of São Paulo City until February 19, 1962, when Osasco became a municipality of its own.[6] The city motto is "Urbs labor", Latin phrase that means "City work".

History

Pre-Columbian era

The region that is now Osasco was inhabited by indigenous Tupi-Guaraní people.

Colonial Brazil

Bandeirantes lived in the region that is now Osasco, then called "Vila de Quitaúna". The famous "bandeirante" António Raposo Tavares lived there.

Early modern period

Osasco was founded, in the 19th century, by the Italian immigrant Antônio Giuseppe Agù (pt) (currently the name of one of the main streets in Osasco). He came from the commune Osasco in the province of Turin.To Help of the Baron Dimitri Sensaud de Lavaud. Osasco is said to be the place of the first heavier-than-air flight in Latin America. Immigrants from Italy, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Ireland, Armenia (Trade), Lebanon (Trade), Israel (Trade) and Japan (Rural) came to Osasco in the period.

Independence

Osasco became autonomous from the city of São Paulo on February 19, 1962.[6]

Some widely known events after the autonomy

Lavaud in the first flight of Latin America, in Osasco

Economy

Osasco was an industrial city, but there was industrial decentralization to other regions and today the city is moving toward the shopping and services. Osasco is headquarters of Bradesco the third largest bank in Brazil. Currently there are large companies with a presence as Natura, Coca-Cola, Carrefour, Wal-Mart, Colgate-Palmolive and many others. Osasco is the ninth richest city in the country. GDP of Osasco: R$ 58,566,199,000[8]

Main Companies

Market city

Shopping Malls

Banks

Sport

Sports clubs

Sports competitions

  • Racing of Saint Antônio
  • University games
  • Racing and walk – Marketing Sports
  • Osasco went prime city make Circuito Running for Nature, racing and walk (SportsFuse).

Geography

Is an average elevation of 792 meters and 65 km² of area. [9] Its boundaries are São Paulo to the north, east and south, Cotia to the southwest, Carapicuíba and Barueri to the west and Santana de Parnaíba to the northwest.

Climate

As in almost all the metropolitan area of São Paulo, the climate is subtropical, specifically humid subtropical. The average annual temperature is around 18 °C, being the month of July the coldest (average 12 °C) and warmest February (average 30 °C). The annual rainfall is around 1400 mm.[10]

Climate data for Osasco (1962–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
34.6
(94.3)
33.6
(92.5)
31.3
(88.3)
29.8
(85.6)
28.9
(84)
29.3
(84.7)
33
(91)
37.4
(99.3)
34.4
(93.9)
35.2
(95.4)
35.7
(96.3)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
28
(82)
27.3
(81.1)
25.1
(77.2)
23
(73)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.9
(75)
24.7
(76.5)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
24.5
(76.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.2
(72)
22.4
(72.3)
21.7
(71.1)
19.8
(67.6)
17.6
(63.7)
16.4
(61.5)
15.8
(60.4)
17.1
(62.8)
17.8
(64)
19
(66)
20.3
(68.5)
21.2
(70.2)
18.5
(65.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
18.8
(65.8)
18.2
(64.8)
16.3
(61.3)
13.9
(57)
12.3
(54.1)
11.7
(53.1)
12.8
(55)
13.9
(57)
15.3
(59.5)
16.5
(61.7)
17.8
(64)
14.5
(58.1)
Record low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.2
(52.2)
10.9
(51.6)
6
(43)
5.2
(41.4)
0.9
(33.6)
0.2
(32.4)
−2.2
(28)
2.1
(35.8)
4.2
(39.6)
6.9
(44.4)
7.3
(45.1)
−2.2
(28)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 24
(9.4)
25
(9.8)
16
(6.3)
8
(3.1)
7
(2.8)
6
(2.4)
4
(1.6)
3
(1.2)
7
(2.8)
13
(5.1)
14
(5.5)
19
(7.5)
146
(57.5)
Source: INMET – Clima[11]

Geopolitics

Osasco ranks 5th among São Paulo municipalities by population, with 666,740 residents as of 2010. The city also plays an important role in the state's industry, education and media, hosting prominent schools, universities and TV stations.

Demography

(Source: IPEA data)

Changing demographics of the city of Osasco

Source: IBAM

Ethnicity

Ethnic groups Percent
White 66.3%
Black 4.5%
Pardo (Brown) 27.5%
Asian 0.8%
Amerindian 0.2%

Source: IBGE

Religion

Religion Percentage Number
Catholic 64.75% 422.553
Protestant 20.54% 134.042
No religion 9.33% 60.886
Kardecist 0.90% 5.873
Buddhist 0.23% 1.500
Jewish 0.04% 261

Source: IBGE 2000

Hidrography

Main Neighbourhoods

Transportation

Osasco train

Osasco due to its proximity to São Paulo, has a transit similar to the state capital, that is one of the more you carry the world. In the city can be found means of road and rail.

Main Streets

Viaduto Reinaldo de Oliveira
Arco de Osasco, the city's landmark, in Christmas.
  • Avenida dos Autonomistas
  • Viaduto Reinaldo de Oliveira
  • Avenida Maria Campos
  • Avenida Bussocaba/Avenida Prefeito Hirant Sanazar
  • Viaduto Presidente Tancredo Neves
  • Avenida Presidente Médici
  • Avenida Getúlio Vargas
  • Avenida Visconde de Nova Granada/Avenida Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
  • Avenida Santo Antônio
  • Avenida Antônio Carlos Costa
  • Rua da Estação
  • Avenida Pedro Pinho
  • Avenida João de Andrade
  • Avenida Sarah Veloso
  • Complexo Viário Fuad Auada
  • Avenida Hilário Pereira de Souza
  • Avenida Franz Voegelli
  • Avenida Benedito Alves Turíbio
  • Avenida Giuseppe Sacco
  • Avenida Padre Vicente Mellilo/Avenida Prestes Maia
  • Avenida Novo Osasco

Train

It is linked by CPTM rapid transit to São Paulo by the 8 and 9 [12] train lines.

Roads

Roads of Osasco:

Airports of São Paulo

Congonhas Airport
Campo de Marte Airport
Cumbica Airport

São Paulo has two main airports:

Companies of bus

  • Viação Osasco
  • Auto Viação Urubupungá

Bus station

  • Terminus Amador Aguiar (Vila Yara)
  • Terminus Largo de Osasco
  • Bus station of Osasco

Media

Newspaper

Newsweb

  • Portal PlanetaOsasco.com;[13]
  • Webdiário;

Radio

  • Nova Difusora 1540 AM e;
  • Rádio Iguatemi AM.
  • Radio Terra FM.
  • Osascoradioweb

Channel

Government

Executive

Mayors of Osasco

Educational

Colleges and universities

Culture

Libraries

Theatres

Spaces of culture

  • Centro de Eventos Pedro Bortolosso

Museums

Schools of education in culture

  • Escola de Artes César Antonio Salvi

House of events the culture

  • Casa de Angola
  • Casa do Violeiro do Brasil

Leisure and natural environment

  • Parque Ecológico Nelson Vilha Dias
  • Parque Municipal Dionísio Alvares Mateos
  • Parque Municipal Chico Mendes
  • Parque Clóvis Assaf
  • Park of Lazer Antônio Temporim
  • Parque Ecológico Jardim Piratininga

Health

Hospitals:

  • AACD Associação de Assistência à Criança Deficiente
  • Hospital Cruzeiro do Sul
  • Hospital e Maternidade Amador Aguiar
  • Hospital e Maternidade João Paulo II
  • Hospital Montreal S/A
  • Hospital Municipal Antônio Gíglio
  • Hospital Dr. Vivaldo Martins Simões ( Regional )
  • Hospital e Maternidade Sino Brasileiro

Notable Osasquenses

Cristiane Rozeira de Souza Silva, football player
  • Henos Amorina, trade unionist
  • Adriana Nascimento, actress
  • André Lima Pedro, football player
  • Antonio Agù, founder
  • Bruno Caboclo, basketball player
  • Cristiane Rozeira de Souza Silva, football player
  • Cristiano Lima da Silva, football player
  • Ederson Moraes, football player
  • Eduardo Marques de Jesus Passos, football player
  • Eduardo Rodrigues, TV Encyclopedia/Gentleman/Squared Gol preparator
  • Fábio de Toledo Pereira, notable computer scientist
  • Guitom Santa Cruz, musician
  • Hirant Sanazar, politician
  • Igor Nascimento Soares, football player
  • Jair da Costa, football player
  • José Bonifácio de Oliveira Sobrinho, businessman
  • Júlio Santos, football player
  • Júlio Terceiro, football player
  • Kléber Giacomance de Souza Freitas, football player
  • Manoel Leão, journalist
  • Marcos Willians Herbas Camacho, drug trafficker
  • Paulinho Kobayashi, football player
  • Silas Bortolosso, politician
  • Silvio Pereira, sociologist
  • Sônia Lima, actress
  • Vágner Benazzi, football player
  • Vítor Maldonado Lionize, legendary prosecutor
  • Zezeh Barbosa, actress
  • Natalia Nascimento, youth ambassador
  • Ramon Andriolli, legendary wizard

Sister cities

Bibliography

  • SANAZAR, Hirant. Osasco – Sua história, sua gente: Osasco, ed. do author, 2003.
  • FAVARÃO, Mazé (apres.). Osasco conta sua história através dos bairros: Osasco, Secretaria de Educação, 2007.
  • METROVICHE, Eduardo (org.). Osasco – Um século de fotografia: Osasco, Maxprint Editora, 2007.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.atlasbrasil.org.br/2013/pt/ranking
  2. ^ http://correiopaulista.com/2013/osasco-avanca-e-tem-o-8a-maior-pib-do-pais/
  3. ^ http://www.seade.gov.br/produtos/midia/2017/07/PIB_2002_2014_FINAL_reduzido.pdf
  4. ^ Divisão Territorial do Brasil[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "IBGE - Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estat韘tica". 
  6. ^ a b IBGE, history
  7. ^ "::: Câmara Municipal de Osasco ::: Estado de São Paulo". www.camaraosasco.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 2016-11-20. 
  8. ^ "IBGE". ibge.gov.br.
  9. ^ "IBGE". ibge.gov.br.
  10. ^ Osasco – SP. tempoagora.uol.com.br
  11. ^ "INMET – Climatologia – Gráficos Climatológicos". Archived from the original on 2010-02-09. 
  12. ^ "CPTM lines". CPTM (Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos). Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  13. ^ "Portal Planeta Osasco". 
  14. ^ http://www.fito.br/facfito/index.htm
  15. ^ "FITO BR - Em Construção". 
  16. ^ "Centro Universitário FIEO". 
  17. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 5 February 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 

External links