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The BRAZILIAN IMPERIAL FAMILY is a royal family and cadet branch of the Portuguese Royal House of Braganza
House of Braganza
that ruled the Empire of Brazil for 67 years, between 1822 and 1889, after the proclamation of independence by Prince Pedro of Braganza who was later acclaimed as Pedro I, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil. The members of the family are dynastic descendants of Emperor Pedro I. Claimants to headship of the post-monarchic Brazilian Imperial legacy descend from Emperor Pedro II , including the senior agnates of two branches of the House of Orléans-Braganza
House of Orléans-Braganza
; the so-called Petrópolis and Vassouras lines. Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza
Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza
(born 1945) heads the Petrópolis
Petrópolis
line, while the Vassouras branch is led by his second cousin, Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza
Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza
.

Rivalry within the family erupted in 1946 when Dom Pedro Gastão (1913–2007) repudiated the renunciation to the throne of his late father, Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará (1875–1940), for himself and his future descendants, when he made a non-dynastic marriage in 1908. Pedro de Alcântara was the eldest son of the Princess Imperial Isabel (1846–1921) who, as Pedro II's elder daughter and heir presumptive when he was dethroned, became the last undisputed head of the family after her father's death in exile in 1891. Pedro Carlos is Dom Pedro Gastão's eldest son. Dom Luiz descends from Isabel's younger son, Prince Luís (1878–1920) who, by a Bourbon princess, fathered Prince Pedro Henrique (1909–1981). Dom Luiz is Pedro Henrique's son by a Bavarian princess and upholds his dynastic claim to the same legacy.

Following the tradition of the Iberian monarchies , the closest relatives of the Brazilian Emperor are considered members of the Brazilian Imperial Family, disregarding those who renounced their dynastic rights. With the proclamation of the republic in 1889, and consequent extinction of the Brazilian Empire on that date, the title of Head of the Imperial House of Brazil was created for the apparent heir to the extinct throne, being considered as members of the Brazilian Imperial Family
Brazilian Imperial Family
the closest relatives of the Head of the family, disregarding those who renounced their dynastic rights.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Post monarchy * 1.2 Repatriation

* 2 Dynastic question

* 3 Cadet branches

* 3.1 House of Orléans-Braganza
House of Orléans-Braganza
* 3.2 House of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Braganza

* 4 Emperors of Brazil

* 5 Pretenders to the Brazilian throne since 1889

* 5.1 The Vassouras line * 5.2 The Petrópolis
Petrópolis
line

* 6 Past members and some descendants of the imperial family * 7 Genealogy * 8 Armorial * 9 Palaces * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, with his wife, Teresa Cristina , and daughters Isabel and Leopoldina in a farm in Juíz de Fora
Juíz de Fora
, 1861. The last picture of the reigning Imperial Family in Brazil, 1889

Founded by Pedro of Braganza , until then Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves , member of the House of Braganza , heir apparent to the Portuguese throne and the King 's representative in the Kingdom of Brazil
Kingdom of Brazil
as Prince Regent, the Imperial House of Brazil was sovereign from 7 September 1822, when Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of the Kingdom of Brazil
Kingdom of Brazil
from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves and was subsequently acclaimed as Emperor of Brazil
Emperor of Brazil
on 12 October that same year until 15 November 1889, when a military coup d'état took place and the proclamation of the Brazilian republic overthrew the monarchy.

Prince Pedro, then, was acclaimed as Emperor of Brazil
Emperor of Brazil
in all the territory. The constitution of the Brazilian Empire of 1824 - the first Brazilian constitutional charter - was organized two years after independence, with the emperor being the head of state and head of government of the Empire of Brazil, as well as head of the moderator power and the executive power. He reigned until 7 April 1831 when he abdicated due to a long ideological conflict between with a sizable parliamentary faction over the role of the monarch in the government and other obstacles. Pedro I's successor in Brazil was his five-year-old son, Pedro II. As the latter was still a minor, a weak regency was created. The power vacuum resulting from the absence of a ruling monarch as the ultimate arbiter in political disputes led to regional civil wars between local factions. Having inherited an empire on the verge of disintegration, Pedro II, once he was declared of age, managed to bring peace and stability to the country, which eventually became an emerging international power. Even though the last four decades of Pedro II's reign were marked by continuous internal peace and economic prosperity, he had no expectation to see the monarchy survive beyond his lifetime and made no effort to maintain support for the institution. The next in line to the throne was his daughter Isabel , but neither Pedro II nor the ruling classes considered a female monarch acceptable. Lacking any viable heir, the Empire's political leaders saw no reason to defend the monarchy. After a 58-year reign, on 15 November 1889 the Emperor was overthrown in a sudden coup d\'état led by a clique of military leaders whose goal was the formation of a republic headed by a dictator, forming the First Brazilian Republic
First Brazilian Republic
.

POST MONARCHY

Isabel, de jure Empress of Brazil, and the Count of Eu with their son Prince Luís , his wife and children, 1913

With the proclamation of the Brazilian republic on 15 November 1889, the Imperial Family went into exile in Portugal
Portugal
, Spain
Spain
, France
France
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
. In the party that accompanied the Imperial Family were included many loyal subjects and nobles, as politicians such the Viscount of Ouro Preto
Viscount of Ouro Preto
, the deposed last Prime Minister of the Empire , as well the Emperor's particular doctor. Price August Leopold of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha , grandson of Emperor Pedro II was the only member of the imperial family not boarded to exile because he was on board the cruiser Almirante Barroso, on a circumnavigation trip. Subsequently, upon receiving the news of the deposition of the monarchy, he was sent into exile. In addition to the ban, the Republican government confiscated and auctioned many of the assets of the imperial family. In 1890, thirteen auctions of Imperial House goods were made. Empress Teresa Cristina died in the first months of exile. Later Emperor Pedro II died in France, where he receive a head of state's funeral by the French government. The Imperial Family settled in the Château d\'Eu , former residence of King Louis Philippe of France
France
and property of Gaston of Orléans, Count d\'Eu , husband of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
, heiress of Pedro II and de jure Empress-in-Exile of Brazil.

Despite the prohibition then in force, Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza tried to disembark in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
in 1906, but was prevented by local authorities. It ended in death in the year of the repeal of the Banishment Law. Finally, President Epitácio Pessoa , by presidential decree of 3 September 1920, revoked the Banishment Law. The Imperial Family was then able to return to Brazilian soil. The occasion was used to repatriate the remains of the last emperor and his consort, who would be transferred from Portugal
Portugal
a year later. Of the nine members of the Imperial Family originally exiled, only two returned to Brazil alive: Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará and his father, Prince Gaston, Count of Eu, who died the following year aboard the ship Massilia, on their way to Brazil to celebrate the centenary of independence. Prince Pedro de Alcântara acquired one of its former palaces, the Palácio do Grão-Pará in Petropolis, where it resided until his death and where his descendants still live. On the other hand, not all the family returned immediately to Brazil, and the Vassouras branch, present clamoring to the Brazilian throne, could only return after the end of World War II
World War II
.

REPATRIATION

The tombs of the Brazilian Imperial Family
Brazilian Imperial Family
at the Imperial Mausoleum .

Currently, the remains of five members of the Imperial Family are buried in Brazil, all in the Imperial Mausoleum in Petrópolis
Petrópolis
: Emperor Pedro II and Empress Teresa Cristina, whose mortal remains were transferred from the Royal Pantheon of the House of Braganza
House of Braganza
in Lisbon
Lisbon
, in 1921, on the occasion of the centenary of the Independence of Brazil, Princess Isabel, removed from the cemetery of Eu in 1953 with her husband, Prince Gaston, and the Prince of Grão-Pará, transferred from the cemetery of Petrópolis
Petrópolis
in 1990, together with his wife. Prince Luiz and Prince Antônio are buried in the Royal Chapel of Dreux , France, where the wife of the first, Princess Maria Pia, was buried in 1973. Princes Pedro Augusto , August Leopold and Ludwig Gaston are buried in the crypt of the Church of St. Augustine, in Coburg
Coburg
, Germany
Germany
, where the latter's mother, Princess Leopoldina of Brazil , had been buried in 1871.

In 1954, the remains of the first Empress, Maria Leopoldina , were transferred to the Imperial Chapel , São Paulo
São Paulo
, which were in the Santo Antônio Convent, Rio de Janeiro. Some of the children of both emperors are buried in the Santo Antônio Convent: Prince Miguel, Prince João Carlos, Princess Paula Mariana, Prince Afonso Pedro and Prince Pedro Afonso, as well as Princess Luísa Vitória. In 1972, on the occasion of the sesquicentenary of Independence, the remains of Emperor Pedro I were transferred from the Royal Pantheon of the House of braganza to the Imperial Chapel. The body of his second wife, Empress Amélie , was transferred from the Braganza Pantheon to the Imperial Chapel in 1982. In that same year the body of her daughter, Princess Maria Amélia of Brazil , was transferred from the Braganz Pantheon to the Convent of Santo Antônio.

DYNASTIC QUESTION

Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará renounced his rights of succession to the Brazilian throne in favor of his young brother. Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza become Prince Imperial of Brazil after the renunciation of his older brother.

The so-called Brazilian dynastic question concerns inheritance rights to the titles of Head of the Brazilian Imperial House, Prince Imperial of Brazil , Prince of Grão-Pará and Prince of Brazil , who consequently would indicate the preferred heirs of to the Brazilian imperial throne. The primacy in the line of succession is disputed by some members and partisans of the dynastic branches of Petrópolis
Petrópolis
and Vassouras.

In 1908, Dom Pedro de Alcântara, then Prince Imperial of Brazil wanted to marry Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz (1875–1951) who, although a noblewoman of the kingdom of Bohemia , did not belong to a royal or reigning dynasty . Although the constitution of the Brazilian Empire did not require dynasts to marry equally , it made the marriage of the heir to the throne dependent upon the sovereign's consent. Princess Isabel, then head of the Brazilian Imperial Family
Brazilian Imperial Family
, considered that Brazilian dynasts should adhere to European marital tradition, within which royalty married royalty. It happens that, by the traditions of the Imperial House, their pretenders, besides having to maintain Brazilian nationality, can only marry with dynasties of high monarchical houses. This was not the case with the Countess, whose title, in addition to being of little expression and tradition - her first grandfather, Johan Josef II, was made first Count of Dobrzenicz - was debatable: in fact, it was her brother, Joachim Josef III, who inherited the county. The title of countess considered by many only courtesy. So, Prince Dom Pedro wanted to marry with his mother's blessing, and so it was agreed that she would consent to the marriage on condition that he resigned his position in the line of succession. As a result, Dom Pedro de Alcantara renounced his rights to the throne of Brazil on 30 October 1908. The resignation document, signed in three copies, was sent to the Brazilian Monarchical Directory , an official body created to take care of the monarchical interests in the country. To solemnize this, Dom Pedro, aged thirty-three, signed the document translated here:

“ I, Prince Pedro de Alcântara Luiz Filipe Maria Gastão Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga of Orleans-Braganza, having maturely reflected, have resolved to renounce the right that, by the Constitution of the Empire of Brazil, promulgated on 25 March 1824, accords to me the Crown of that nation. I declare, therefore, that by my free and spontaneous will I hereby renounce, in my own name, as well as for any and all of my descendants, to all and any rights that the aforesaid Constitution confers upon us to the Brazilian Crown and Throne, which shall pass to the lines which follow mine, conforming to the order of succession as established by article 117. Before God I promise, for myself and my descendants, to hold to the present declaration.

Cannes 30 October 1908 signed: Pedro de Alcântara of Orleans-Braganza ”

This renunciation was followed by a letter from Isabel to royalists in Brazil:

9 November 1908, Château d\'Eu

Most Excellent Gentlemen Members of the Monarchist Directory,

With all my heart I thank you for the congratulations upon the marriages of my dear children Pedro and Luiz. Luiz took place in Cannes on the 4th with the brilliance that is desired for so solemn an act in the life of my successor to the Throne of Brazil. I was very pleased. Pedro´s shall take place next on the 14th. Before the marriage of Luis he signed his resignation to the crown of Brazil, and here I send it to you, while keeping here an identical copy. I believe that this news must be published as soon as possible (you gentlemen shall do it in the way that you judge to be most satisfactory) in order to prevent the formation of parties that would be a great evil for our country. Pedro will continue to love his homeland, and will give all possible support to his brother. Thank God they are very united. Luis will engage actively in everything with respect to the monarchy and any good for our land. However, without giving up my rights I want that he be up to date on everything so that he may prepare himself for the position which with all my heart I desire that one day he will hold. You may write to him as many times as you may want to so that he shall be informed of everything. My strength is not the same as it once was, but my heart is still the same to love my homeland and all those who are so dedicated to us. I give you all my friendship and confidence,

a) Isabel, comtesse d'Eu ”

If the 1908 renunciation of Pedro de Alcântara was valid, his brother Luiz (and eventually, Pedro Henrique) became next in the line of succession after their mother. Isabel's headship of the Brazilian Imperial House lasted until her death in 1921, when she is widely considered to have been succeeded by her grandson, Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza . Pedro Henrique was the elder son of Prince Luiz , second child of Isabel and a veteran of World War I who had died in 1920 from an illness he contracted in the trenches.

Prince Pedro de Alcântara did not dispute the validity of the renunciation. Though he did not claim the headship of the Imperial House himself in 1937, he did say in an interview that his renunciation "did not meet the requirements of Brazilian Law, there was no prior consultation with the nation, there was none of the necessary protocol that is required for acts of this nature and, furthermore, it was not a hereditary renunciation."

The dynastic dispute over the Brazilian crown began after 1940 when Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza
Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza
, eldest son of Pedro de Alcântara repudiated his father's renunciation and claimed the headship of the Brazilian Imperial House.

After the death of Pedro Gastão in 2007, his eldest son Prince Pedro Carlos and younger children declared themselves republicans. Several of Pedro Gastão's grandchildren also have dual citizenship.

CADET BRANCHES

Coat of the House of Orléans-Braganza
House of Orléans-Braganza
Coat of the House of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Braganza

HOUSE OF ORLéANS-BRAGANZA

Main article: House of Orléans-Braganza
House of Orléans-Braganza

With the marriage of Isabel of Braganza, Princess Imperial of Brazil , with Prince Gaston of Orléans, Count d\'Eu in 1864, the Imperial House associated with the House of Orléans
House of Orléans
, that composes the French royal family . Thus began a new dynastic branch of Brazil: Orléans-Braganza, which never had the opportunity to reign in Brazil.

Of the four children of the couple, two have generated offspring and today, this branch of the family has more than thirty members. Many were the ones who renounced themselves and their descendants rights in succession to the imperial throne, losing titles and precedence in the imperial family.

In 1909, the Prince Gaston decided to guarantee to his children supposed rights of orleanist succession to the French throne. On the basis of negotiations with the House of Orléans, which resulted in a document called Family Pact, or Declaration of Brussels, the title of Prince of Orléans-Braganza was created, which only acts in that branch of the family.

HOUSE OF SAXE-COBURG AND BRAGANZA

The Saxe-Coburg-Braganza branch is descended from Princess Leopoldina of Brazil , second daughter of D. Pedro II, and her husband, Prince Ludwig August of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha . Due to several years of difficulties that the Princess Imperial Isabel experienced in producing an heir to the Brazilian throne, clauses were included in the marriage contract between Leopoldina and her husband who ensured that the couple should, among other things, reside part of the year in Brazil and have their children in Brazilian territory, as heirs presumptive of Isabel: Pedro Augusto , Augusto Leopoldo , and José Fernando . With the birth of D. Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará and eldest son of Princess Isabel, the Saxe-Coburg-Braganza branch yielded first place in the line of succession to the Orleans-Braganza branch.

The only members of the Saxe-Coburg-Braganza branch who still retain Brazilian nationality, which was a constitutional requirement to succeed to the now defunct Brazilian throne, are the descendants of Princess Teresa Cristina of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha , daughter of Augusto Leopoldo. The Brazilian nationality of princess of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha was recognized by the government of Brazil only in 1922. Their four children were registered in the consulate of Brazil in Vienna as Brazilian citizens. Carlos Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança, Baron Taxis-Bordogna-Valnigra and son of Princess Teresa Cristina, is the current head of this branch.

EMPERORS OF BRAZIL

Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil.

The Empire of Brazil
Empire of Brazil
remained a constitutional monarchy until 1889 - when the republic was proclaimed after a military coup d\'état , and had two reigning emperors, both from the House of Braganza
House of Braganza
:

* Dom Pedro I of Brazil
Pedro I of Brazil
(1822–1831): Born in 1798, deceased in 1834. Was also King of Portugal
Portugal
in 1826, as Pedro IV. * Dom Pedro II of Brazil
Pedro II of Brazil
(Regency 1831–1840; Reigned personally 1840–1889): Born in 1825 and deceased in 1891.

Their full style and title were: "His Imperial Majesty, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil".

NAME BECAME MONARCH NOTES

Pedro I of Brazil
Pedro I of Brazil
1822 Emperor of Brazil; declarer of Brazilian Independence
Brazilian Independence
King of Portugal
Portugal
and the Algarves

Pedro II of Brazil
Pedro II of Brazil
1831 Emperor of Brazil; last Emperor of Brazil

PRETENDERS TO THE BRAZILIAN THRONE SINCE 1889

* Dom Pedro II of Brazil
Pedro II of Brazil
(1889–1891) * Dona Isabel of Brazil (1891–1921): Born in 1846, died in 1921. Princess Imperial and former Regent of Brazil, she was the elder daughter of Dom Pedro II and after his death considered de jure Empress of Brazil; her husband, Gaston of Orléans, Count d\'Eu , was considered, after the death of Dom Pedro II, the de jure "Emperor Consort".

THE VASSOURAS LINE

* Prince Dom Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza (1921–1981): Born in 1909, died in 1981. Grandson of Princess Isabel, son and heir of her second son, Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza (1878–1920)
Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza (1878–1920)
.

* Prince Dom Luiz of Orléans-Braganza (1981–present): Born in 1938, the eldest son of Prince Dom Pedro Henrique

* Heir: Prince Dom Bertrand of Orléans-Braganza (born in 1941)

THE PETRóPOLIS LINE

* Prince Dom Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza (1940–2007): Born in 1913, son of Dona Isabel's eldest son, who had renounced all rights to the Brazilian throne for himself and his descendants. The validity of the renunciation was disputed by Dom Pedro Gastão.

* Prince Dom Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza (2007 – present): eldest son of Dom Pedro Gastão. He doesn't put in question the validity of the renunciation. Contrariwise, he declared himself a republican.

* Heir Prince Dom Pedro Thiago of Orléans-Braganza (born in 1979)

PAST MEMBERS AND SOME DESCENDANTS OF THE IMPERIAL FAMILY

BRAZILIAN IMPERIAL FAMILY ( Vassouras branch)

* HI&RH PRINCE LUIZ * HI"> This box:

* view * talk * edit

BRAZILIAN IMPERIAL FAMILY ( Petrópolis
Petrópolis
branch)

* HI&RH PRINCE PEDRO CARLOS

* HI"> This box:

* view * talk * edit

* DOM PEDRO I OF BRAZIL (1798–1834)

* Dona Maria II of Portugal
Portugal
(1819–1853) * Miguel, Prince of Beira
Miguel, Prince of Beira
(1820) * Dom João Carlos, Prince of Beira
João Carlos, Prince of Beira
(1821–1822) * Dona Januária Maria, Princess Imperial of Brazil (1822–1901) * Princess Dona Paula Mariana of Brazil (1823–1833) * Princess Dona Francisca Carolina of Brazil (1824–1898)

* DOM PEDRO II OF BRAZIL (1825–1891)

* Dom Afonso Pedro de Alcântara, Prince Imperial of Brazil (1845–1847)

* Dona Isabel Cristina, Princess Imperial of Brazil (1846–1921)

* Dom Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão Para (1875–1940)

* Dona Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza (1911–2003)

* Dom Pedro Gastão, Prince of Orléans-Braganza (1913–2007)

* Prince Dom Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza (born 1945)

* Prince Dom Pedro Thiago of Orléans-Braganza (born 1979) * Prince Filipe of Orléans-Braganza (born 1982)

* Princess Dona Maria da Glória of Orléans-Braganza (born 1946) * Prince Dom Afonso Duarte of Orléans-Braganza (born 1948) * Prince Dom Manuel Álvaro of Orléans-Braganza (born 1949) * Princess Cristina Maria do Rosário of Orléans-Braganza (born 1950) * Prince Francisco Humberto of Orléans-Braganza (born 1956)

* Princess Dona Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza (1914–1968) * Prince Dom João of Orléans-Braganza (1916–2005) * Princess Teresa of Orléans-Braganza (1919–2011)

* Prince Dom Luiz Maria of Orléans-Braganza (1878–1920)

* Dom Pedro Henrique, Prince of Grão-Pará (1909–1981)

* Prince Dom Luiz Gastão of Orléans-Braganza (born 1938) * Prince Dom Eudes Maria of Orléans-Braganza (born 1939) * Prince Dom Bertrand Maria José Pio Januário of Orléans-Braganza (born 1941) * Princess Dona Isabel Maria of Orléans-Braganza (born 1944) * Prince Dom Pedro de Alcântara Henrique of Orléans-Braganza (born 1945) * Prince Dom Fernando Diniz of Orléans-Braganza (born 1948)

* Prince Dom Antônio João of Orléans-Braganza (born 1950)

* Prince Dom Pedro Luiz of Orléans-Braganza (1983–2009) * Princess Dona Amélia Maria de Fátima of Orléans-Braganza (born 1984) * Prince Dom Rafael Antônio of Orléans-Braganza (born 1986) * Princess Dona Maria Gabriela of Orléans-Braganza (born 1989)

* Princess Dona Eleonora Maria of Orléans-Braganza (born 1953)

* Alice Maria de Ligne * Henrique Antônio de Ligne

* Prince Dom Francisco Maria of Orléans-Braganza (born 1955) * Prince Dom Alberto Maria of Orléans-Braganza (born 1957) * Princess Dona Maria Teresa of Orléans-Braganza (born 1959) * Princess Dona Maria Gabriela of Orléans-Braganza (born 1959)

* Prince Dom Luiz Gastão of Orléans-Braganza (1911–1931) * Princess Dona Pia Maria of Orléans-Braganza (1913–2000)

* Prince Dom Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza (1881–1918)

* Princess Dona Leopoldina of Brazil (1847–1871)

* Prince Pedro Augusto of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1866-1934)

* Prince Augusto Leopoldo of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha (1867-1922)

* Princess Teresa Cristina of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha (1902-1990)

* Carlos Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança, Freiherr von Taxis di Bordogna e Valnigra (born 1931)

* Prince José Fernando of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha (1869-1888)

* Dom Pedro Afonso, Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince Imperial of Brazil
(1848–1850)

* Princess Dona Maria Amélia of Brazil (1831–1853)

GENEALOGY

Genealogical tree of the Brazilian branch House of Braganza
House of Braganza
and the subsequent House of Orléans-Braganza
House of Orléans-Braganza
, cadet branch and current Imperial Family.

EMPEROR-KING PEDRO I/IV King of Portugal
Portugal
and the Algarves Emperor of Brazil
Emperor of Brazil
(1798-1834)

QUEEN MARIA II Queen of Portugal
Portugal
and the Algarves (1819-1853)

PRINCESS JANUáRIA Princess Imperial of Brazil Countess of Aquila (1822-1901)

EMPEROR PEDRO II Emperor of Brazil
Emperor of Brazil
(1825-1891)

PRINCESS PAULA Princess of Brazil (1823-1833)

PRINCESS FRANCISCA Princess of Brazil Princess of Joinville (1824-1898)

Princess Maria Amélia Princess of Brazil (1831-1833)

From her descends the Portuguese Royal Family
Portuguese Royal Family

PRINCESS ISABEL Princess Imperial of Brazil (1846-1921)

PRINCESS LEOPOLDINA Princess of Brazil Princess of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha (1847-1871)

PRINCE PEDRO DE ALCâNTARA Prince of Grão-Pará Prince of Orléans-Braganza (1875-1940)

PRINCE LUíS Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza (1878-1920)

PRINCE ANTôNIO GASTãO Prince of Brazil Prince of Orléans-Braganza (1881-1918)

From her descends the Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Braganza branch of the Brazilian Imperial Family
Brazilian Imperial Family

FROM HIS DESCENDS THE PETRóPOLIS BRANCH OF THE HOUSE OF ORLéANS-BRAGANZA

FROM HIS DESCENDS THE VASSOURAS BRANCH OF THE HOUSE OF ORLéANS-BRAGANZA

ARMORIAL

COAT OF ARMS TITLE TENURE COAT OF ARMS TITLE TENURE COAT OF ARMS TITLE TENURE

Emperor of Brazil
Emperor of Brazil
1822–1889

Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince Imperial of Brazil
1822-present

Prince of Grão-Pará Prince of Brazil Prince of Grão-Pará: 1875–1920 Prince of Brazil: 1822-present

PALACES

Some of the most important Brazilian palaces that were built to the Brazilian Imperial Family
Brazilian Imperial Family
to private or governamental use. These palaces were taken by the government of the republic when it was proclaimed.

*

The Imperial Palace of São Cristóvão in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
was the residence of the Emperors of Brazil *

The Imperial Palace of Petrópolis
Petrópolis
in Petrópolis
Petrópolis
was the summer residence of the Imperial Family *

The Imperial Palace of Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
was the former residence and workplace of the Emperors *

The Imperial Palace of Santa Cruz was a private palace in inner Rio de Janeiro *

The Isabel Palace was the private residence of Princess Isabel and her family *

The Château d\'Eu in Normandy
Normandy
, France
France
was the residence of the Brazilian Imperial Family
Brazilian Imperial Family
in exile between 1896 and 1940 *

The Imperial Palace of Grão-Pará in Petrópolis
Petrópolis
was the only palace that was recovered by the Imperial Family in 1925, and where some members still reside

Most members of the Imperial House live in rented apartments in wealthy neighborhoods, private mansions or in Europe. Some of them like Eleanora, Princess of Ligne
Eleanora, Princess of Ligne
, for having married members of other royal houses live in their palaces.

SEE ALSO

* History of Brazil * House of Orléans-Braganza
House of Orléans-Braganza
* Line of succession to the former Brazilian throne * Emperor of Brazil
Emperor of Brazil
* Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince Imperial of Brazil
* Prince of Grão-Pará

REFERENCES

* ^ SMITH, Peter H. Democracy in Latin America, p. 148. * ^ A B C Cite error: The named reference cedre was invoked but never defined (see the help page ). * ^ SAINT, Guy Stair. House of Bourbon: Branch of Orléans-Braganza. In: Chivalric Orders. Retrieved 2013-02-18. * ^ BARMAN, Roderick J (2005) (in Portuguese). Princesa Isabel do Brasil: gênero e poder no século XIX, UNESP * ^ A B C VIANNA, Hélio (1968) (in Portuguese). Vultos do Império. São Paulo: Companhia Editoria Nacional, p. 224 * ^ A B C FREYRE, Gilberto. Ordem e Progresso (1959) (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio, p. 517 and 591 * ^ A B C LYRA, Heitor (1940) (in Portuguese). História de Dom Pedro II, 1825–1891. São Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional, vol.III, p. 300 * ^ A B C BARSA (1992) (in Portuguese). Braganza, vol. 4, p. 210 * ^ A B C JANOTTI, Maria de Lourdes (1986) (in Portuguese). Os Subversivos da República. São Paulo: Brasiliense, pp. 255–257 * ^ A B C MALATIAN, Teresa Maria (1978) (in Portuguese). A Ação Imperial Patrianovista Brasileira. São Paulo, p. 153-159 * ^ MONTJOUVENT, Philippe de (1998) (in French). Le comte de Paris et sa Descendance. Charenton: Éditions du Chaney, p. 97. ISBN 2-913211-00-3 . * ^ MALATIAN, Teresa (2007) (in Portuguese). In: BrHistória issue 4, p. 35 * ^ SANTOS (1988: 76) * ^ SILVA (1994: 228–229) * ^ VILLON, Victor (2008). Elisabeth Dobrzensky von Dobrzenicz "Empress of Brazil". In: Royalty Digest Quarterly, 3, p. 33. * ^ CERQUEIRA, Bruno da Silva A. (2007) (in Portuguese). In: BrHistória issue 4, p. 58 * ^ SANTOS (1988: 197) * ^ GUTIÉRREZ, Bernardo (2008) (in Spanish). La familia real brasileña defiende los nuevos ideales. In: Público.es, 2008-01-09. * ^ Revista Caras. (March 28, 2013) Paola de Orleans e Bragança. * ^ SAXE-COBURGO E BRAGANÇA, Dom Carlos de (1959) (in Portuguese). Princesa Leopoldina. In: Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro Archived 2010-12-21 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
., vol. 243, pp. 75, 80–81. * ^ A B LESSA, Clado Ribeiro de (1951) (in Portuguese). O Segundo Ramo da Casa Imperial e a Nossa Marinha de Guerra. In: Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro Archived 2014-03-07 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
., vol. 211, p. 132 (ISSN 0101-4366) * ^ Bodstein, Astrid (2006). "The Imperial Family of Brazil". Royalty Digest Quarterly (3). * ^ Bernardo Gutiérrez, "La familia real brasileña defiende los nuevos ideales", Príncipes Republicanos (09/01/2008)

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Imperial House of Brazil Official Website of the Vassouras Line * Imperial Brazil Institute

* Royal House
Royal House
* BRAZILIAN HOUSE OF BRAGANZA Cadet branch of the PORTUGUESE HOUSE OF BRAGANZA

REGNAL TITLES

NEW TITLE Ruling House of the Empire of Brazil
Empire of Brazil
1822–1889 Monarchy Abolished