Orinoco Delta is a vast river delta of the
Orinoco River, located
in eastern Venezuela.
6 External links
Orinoco Delta is one of the eight natural regions of Venezuela. It
is covers the whole of
Delta Amacuro State and a few square kilometers
Monagas State and Sucre State, comprising all the mouths of the
Orinoco. It is divided into two sections: the principal, at the
northernmost part of the system, located between
Caño Manamo and the
left shore of Caño Araguao, where the majority of villages are
established, including the state capital, Tucupita; and the secondary,
between the right shore of Caño Araguao and Río Grande.
Warao people live in the region.
The delta is fan-shaped, formed by the
Orinoco River as it splits into
numerous distributaries, called caños, which meander through the
delta on their way to the sea. The main distributary is called the Rio
Grande, which empties south-southeast through the southern portion of
the delta, and the second major distributary is Caño Manamo, which
runs northward along the western edge of the delta. The area of this
region is approximately 43,646 square kilometres
(16,852 sq mi). The
Orinoco Delta is characterized by being
non-centric, lagoon lacking, and oceanic, somewhat similar to the
delta of the Niger River. Daily tides bring sea water up the "caños",
causing the "macareo" or pororoca and revsering the flow direction of
water, at least on surface.
The predominant vegetation is in the
Orinoco Delta swamp forests
ecoregion. Along the coast and the river margins there are
stretches of Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves, specifically
Guianan mangroves ecoregion. To the west, and closer to the
coast, there are patches of the
Orinoco wetlands ecoregion.
The delta includes large areas of permanent wetlands as well as
seasonally-flooded freshwater swamp forests. The river margins of the
delta are fringed with mangroves.
Orinoco ... Myers.
^ Tognetti, Burdette & Schipper.
^ WildFinder – WWF.
Orinoco Delta Wetlands of
Venezuela Saving Wetlands". Saving
Wetlands. 2017-05-03. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
"Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves", Global Species, Myers
Enterprises II, retrieved 2017-04-04
Schipper, Jan, Northern South America: Northeastern
northwestern Guyana (NT0147), retrieved 2017-04-05
Tognetti, Sylvia; Burdette, Christine; Schipper, Jan, Eastern South
America: Coastal French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, and southeastern
Venezuela (NT1411), retrieved 2017-04-05
WildFinder, WWF: World Wildlife Fund, retrieved 2017-03-25
Venezuela Tourism Directory
Geo-Environmental Characterization of the Delta del Orinoco
(University of Texas)
Orinoco wetlands". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
Orinoco Delta swamp forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife
"Guianian mangroves". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife
Natural regions of Venezuela
Lake Maracaibo Lowlands
Coastal Mountain Range
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