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The Open University
The Open University
(OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education. The majority of the OU's undergraduate students are based throughout the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and principally study off-campus; many of its courses (both undergraduate and postgraduate) can also be studied anywhere in the world.[5] There are also a number of full-time postgraduate research students based on the 48-hectare university campus[6][7] where they use the OU facilities for research, as well as more than 1,000 members of academic and research staff and over 2,500 administrative, operational and support staff.[8] The OU was established in 1969 and the first students enrolled in January 1971.[9] The university administration is based at Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, in Buckinghamshire, but has administration centres in other parts of the United Kingdom. It also has a presence in other European countries. The university awards undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, as well as non-degree qualifications such as diplomas and certificates or continuing education units. With more than 174,000 students enrolled, including around 31% of new undergraduates aged under 25 and more than 7,400 overseas students,[10] it is the largest academic institution in the United Kingdom (and one of the largest in Europe) by student number, and qualifies as one of the world's largest universities. Since it was founded, more than 2 million students have studied its courses.[10] It was rated top university in England and Wales for student satisfaction in the 2005,[11] 2006[12] and 2012[13] United Kingdom
United Kingdom
government national student satisfaction survey, and second in the 2007 survey.[14] Out of 132 universities and colleges, the OU was ranked 43rd (second quartile) in the Times Higher Education
Times Higher Education
Table of Excellence in 2008, between the University of Reading
University of Reading
and University of the Arts London; it was rated highly in Design, Art History, English, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Computer Science, Development Studies, Social Policy and Social Work and Sociology.[15] It was ranked 47th in the country and 630th in the world by the Center for World University Rankings in 2016.[16] The Open University
The Open University
is also one of only three United Kingdom
United Kingdom
higher education institutions to gain accreditation in the United States of America by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education,[17] an institutional accrediting agency, recognized by the United States Secretary of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation.[18]

Contents

1 History 2 Organisation and administration

2.1 Staff

2.1.1 Credit union

2.2 Academic divisions

2.2.1 Faculties 2.2.2 Business school

3 Academic profile

3.1 Teaching methods 3.2 Assessment methods 3.3 Qualifications

3.3.1 Undergraduate

3.3.1.1 Degrees 3.3.1.2 Other qualifications

3.3.2 Postgraduate

3.4 Degree ceremonies

4 Research 5 Students

5.1 Young undergraduates 5.2 Courses 5.3 Fees and financial assistance 5.4 Qualifications awarded 5.5 Open University
Open University
Students Association

6 Notable current and former academics 7 Notable alumni, graduates and honorees 8 In fiction 9 Partner institutions 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

History[edit] The Open University
The Open University
was founded by the Labour government under Prime Minister Harold Wilson. Wilson was a strong advocate, using the vision of Michael Young. Planning commenced in 1965 under Minister of State for Education Jennie Lee, who established a model for the OU as one of widening access to the highest standards of scholarship in higher education, and set up a planning committee consisting of university vice-chancellors, educationalists and television broadcasters, chaired by Sir Peter Venables. The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) Assistant Director of Engineering at the time James Redmond, had obtained most of his qualifications at night school, and his natural enthusiasm for the project did much to overcome the technical difficulties of using television to broadcast teaching programmes. Wilson envisioned The Open University
The Open University
as a major marker in the Labour Party's commitment to modernising British society. He believed that it would help build a more competitive economy while also promoting greater equality of opportunity and social mobility. The planned utilisation of television and radio to broadcast its courses was also supposed to link The Open University
The Open University
to the technological revolution underway, which Wilson saw as a major ally of his modernization schemes. However, from the start Lee encountered widespread scepticism and even opposition from within and without the Labour Party, including senior officials in the DES; her departmental head Anthony Crosland; the Treasury; Ministerial colleagues, such as Richard Crossman; and commercial broadcasters. The Open University
The Open University
was realized due to Lee's unflagging determination and tenacity in 1965–67, the steadfast support from Wilson, and the fact that the anticipated costs, as reported to Lee and Wilson by Arnold Goodman, seemed very modest. By the time the actual, much higher costs became apparent, it was too late to scrap the fledgling open university.[19] Organisation and administration[edit] Staff[edit] The majority of staff are part-time Associate Lecturers and, as of the 2009–10 academic year, almost 8,000 work for the OU.[20] There are also 1,286 (mostly full-time) salaried academic employees (central academics based at Walton Hall and Staff Tutors based in a variety of regional locations) who are research active and responsible for the production and presentation of teaching materials, 1,931 who are academic-related and 1,902 support staff (including secretaries and technicians).[21] Salaries are the OU's main cost—over £275 million for the 2009–2010 academic year.[21] In 2010 the OU became one of the Sunday Times' Best Places to Work in the Public Sector. Credit union[edit] Open University Employees Credit Union
Open University Employees Credit Union
Limited is a savings and loans co-operative established by the University for staff in 1994. A member of the Association of British Credit Unions
Association of British Credit Unions
Limited,[22] it is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority
Financial Conduct Authority
and the PRA. Ultimately, like the banks and building societies, members’ savings are protected against business failure by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme.[23] Academic divisions[edit]

Wilson building in the main campus, Milton Keynes

Faculties[edit] In 2016 the university reorganised its departments and now operates with the Faculties of Arts & Social Sciences; The Open University Business School (OUBS); The Open University
The Open University
Law School; Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM); Wellbeing, Education & Language Studies; Institute of Educational Technology (IET); Knowledge Media Institute (KMI). Business school[edit] In 1982 the OU announced the establishment of a business school supported by the Foundation for Management Education and the British Institute of Management. In 1983 the Open University
Open University
Business School was founded with 1,600 students enrolled onto the first two courses – The Effective Manager and Personnel Selection and Interviewing.[citation needed] The Open University
The Open University
Business school is accredited by the international accrediting bodies AACSB, AMBA, and EQUIS. It is the only triple-accredited business school that specialises in flexible learning, and nearly 24,000 students have graduated with MBAs in over 100 countries.[citation needed] The OU Business School's MBA programme was ranked 13th in the Financial Times’s global rankings of online and distance learning MBA providers which featured five European schools, four of which were in the UK.[24] Academic profile[edit] Teaching methods[edit]

A former local Open University
Open University
centre in Leeds

The OU uses a variety of methods for teaching, including written and audio materials, the Internet, disc-based software and television programmes on DVD. Course-based television broadcasts by the BBC, which started on 3 January 1971, ceased on 15 December 2006.[25] Materials comprise originally authored work by in-house and external academic contributors, and from third-party materials licensed for use by OU students. For most modules, students are supported by tutors ("Associate Lecturers") who provide feedback on their work and are generally available to them at face-to-face tutorials, by telephone, and/or on the Internet. A number of short courses worth ten credits are now available that do not have an assigned tutor but offer an online conferencing service (Internet Forum) where help and advice is offered through conferencing "Moderators".

Robert Hook building at Open University
Open University
Campus
Campus
in Milton Keynes

Some modules have mandatory day schools. These are day-long sessions which a student must attend in order to pass the module. One example of such a module is the K301 – Advanced Certificate in Health Promotion – which has two mandatory day schools/workshops, focusing on communication skills, counselling and practical issues, related to health promotion. Nevertheless, it is possible to be excused on the basis of ill-health (or other extenuating circumstances) and many courses have no mandatory face-to-face component. Similarly, many modules have traditionally offered week-long summer schools offering an opportunity for students to remove themselves from the general distractions of their life and focus on their study for a short time. Over the past ten years the university has adopted a policy of separating residential modules from distance-full-time taught modules. Exemption from attendance at residential schools, always as an Alternative Learning Experience (ALE), is sometimes available for disabled students and others who find it impossible to attend in person (See "Qualifications-Undergraduate" section.) For many years the OU produced television and radio programmes aimed at bringing learning to a wider audience. In its early years most of these were in the form of documentaries or filmed lectures. Latterly, most OU-associated programming was mainstream and broadcast in peak hours, including series such as Rough Science and "Battle of the Geeks", while older-style programming was carried in the BBC
BBC
Learning Zone. In 2004 the OU announced it was to stop its late-night programmes on BBC2, and the last programme was broadcast at 5.30am on 16 December 2006. The OU now plans to focus on semi-academic television programmes, such as many now broadcast on BBC
BBC
Four. The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education
Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education
review published in December 2015 found five areas of good practice and made three recommendations for improvement.[26] The English national survey of student satisfaction has twice put the Open University
Open University
in first place. In October 2006 the OU joined the Open educational resources
Open educational resources
movement with the launch of OpenLearn. A growing selection of current and past distance learning course materials will be released for free access, including downloadable versions for educators to modify (under the Creative Commons
Creative Commons
BY-NC-SA
BY-NC-SA
licence), plus free collaborative learning-support tools. The OU is researching the use of virtual worlds in teaching and learning, and has two main islands in Second Life. These islands are called Open University
Open University
island[27] and OUtopia village.[28] They are separated by a third region "OU Ocean." In May 2009 these regions formed the basis of a case study[29] by Linden Lab, the company which owns Second Life. As of mid-2010, the university led the list of contributing universities in the number of downloads of its material from the educational resources site iTunes U, with downloads of over 20 million.[30] Open University
Open University
continues to adopt Moodle
Moodle
as the Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) with their own team deploying custom plugins.[31][32] Since 2013, the OU has set up a MOOC platform called FutureLearn which is now the UK's largest provider of free online courses. Assessment methods[edit] Open University
Open University
modules are often assessed using an equal weighting of examinations and coursework. The coursework component normally takes the form of between two and seven tutor marked assignments (TMAs) and, occasionally, may also include up to six multiple-choice or "missing word" 10-question interactive computer marked assignments (iCMAs). The examinable component is usually an invigilated three-hour paper regardless of the size of the module (although on some modules it can be up to three three-hour papers[33]), but an increasing number of modules instead have an EMA (End of Module Assessment) which is similar to a TMA, in that it is completed at home, but is regarded as an exam for grading purposes. Modules results are sometimes issued on a graded basis, consisting of pass grades 1 (threshold 85%, a distinction), 2 (70–84%), 3 (55–69%) & 4 (40–54%), and fail (below 40%). This grade is calculated as the lower of the overall continuous assessment score (OCAS) and overall examination score (OES). These grades can be weighted[34] according to their level, and combined to calculate the classification of a degree. An undergraduate degree will weight level 3 modules twice as much as level 2, and in postgraduate programmes all M level modules are equally weighted. Qualifications[edit] Undergraduate[edit] Open University
Open University
modules have associated with them a number of Credit Accumulation and Transfer Scheme (CATS) credits – usually 30 or 60 – depending on the quantity of the material in the module and a level (1, 2, 3, or 4) corresponding to the complexity, with 120 credits roughly equating to the year of study for a full-time student. The OU offers a large number of undergraduate qualifications, including certificates, diplomas, and bachelor's degrees, based on both level and quantity of study. An OU undergraduate degree requires 300 (or 360 for honours) CATS credits. Students are generally advised not to undertake more than 60 credits per year, meaning that an undergraduate degree will take typically six years to complete. With the exception of some degrees in fast moving areas (such as computing) there is generally no limit on the time which a student may take. Students need special permission to take more than 120 credits (equivalent to full-time study) at any time;[35] such permission is not usually granted.[citation needed] Originally the BA was the only undergraduate degree, and it was unnamed. The modern OU grants degrees of Bachelor of Arts (BA), Science (BSc), Laws (LLB) and Engineering (BEng); the BA and BSc may be named (following a specified syllabus) or unnamed (constructed of courses chosen by the student) degrees. Many OU faculties have now introduced short modules worth ten credits. Most of these modules are taught online, and start at regular intervals throughout the year. They typically provide an introduction to a broader subject over a period of ten weeks, these are generally timed during vacations at conventional universities in order to take advantage of their facilities. Some science modules, which require only home study, are complemented by residential courses, in order to allow the student to gain practical laboratory experience in that field; typically, an award of degree or diploma will require completion of both. Different modules are run at different times of the year, but, typically, a 30 or 60 credit module will run either from October to June or from February to October. Assessment is by both continual assessment (with, normally, between four and eight assignments during the year) and, for most, a final examination or, on some modules, a major assignment. Degrees[edit] As well as degrees in named subject, the Open University
Open University
also grants "Open" Bachelor's degrees where the syllabus is designed by the students by combining any number of Open University
Open University
modules up to 300 credits for an Open degree and 360 credits for an Open honours degree – the main restriction on which courses can be included is that there must be at least 60 at level 3 for the "ordinary degree" and 120 at level 3 for honours and in both cases no more than 120 at level 1. The Open degree may be awarded as a Bachelor of Arts Open or a Bachelor of Science Open either with or without honours. Without honours, at least 150 credits at level 1 and above and 60 credits at level 2 and above are required in the field, either art or science, for the Open degree to carry that name. For a degree with honours, no more than 120 credits at level 1, 120 credits at level 2 and above and 120 credits at level 3 and above are required. Other qualifications[edit] The Open University
The Open University
grants undergraduate Certificates (abbreviated Cert) typically awarded after 60 completed credits at Level 1 or Level 3 (where each credit corresponds to roughly 10 hours of study, therefore 60 credits represent about 600 hours of effort), Diplomas (abbreviated Dip) after 120 credits – typically 60 credits at Level 2 and 60 credits at Level 3. Open University
Open University
also awards Foundation degrees (abbreviated FD). OU also offers a limited number of CertHE (120 CATS) and DipHE (240 CATS). Postgraduate[edit] The Open University
The Open University
provides the opportunity to study for a PhD on a part-time distance, or a full-time basis (on-site for science subjects, off-site with some supervisions on-site for arts) in a wide range of disciplines as well as an EdD for professionals in education. The university also offers a range of Master's levels modules such as the MBA and MPA, MSc, MA and MEd, and MRes, as well as the professional PGCE qualification and a number of postgraduate diplomas and certificates including innovative practice-based modules and postgraduate computing qualifications for professionals. Postgraduate certificates are awarded for 60 credits of study on specified modules; postgraduate diplomas are awarded for 120 credits of study on specified modules. The university offers "Advanced Diplomas" that involve 60 credits at undergraduate level and 60 credits at postgraduate level – these are designed as "bridges" between undergraduate and postgraduate study. Degree ceremonies[edit] Unlike most United Kingdom
United Kingdom
universities, degree ceremonies at the Open University are not graduation ceremonies as such (the occasion on which degrees are formally conferred on those who have achieved substantive degrees)—although honours degrees are normally conferred on these occasions. The Open University
The Open University
degree ceremony is officially known as a "Presentation of Graduates" at which those who have already had a degree bestowed on them are presented to the University Chancellor or his/her representative. Open University
Open University
graduates normally graduate in absentia at a joint meeting of the university's council and senate ("congregation") which takes place at a meeting entirely separate from the degree ceremony. The university's degree ceremonies occur throughout the year at various prestigious auditorium venues located throughout the United Kingdom, plus one each in Ireland and Continental Western Europe. In the year 2010 the OU held 26 degree ceremonies including Dublin, Manchester, Glasgow, Ely and Versailles. These ceremonies are presided over by a senior academic at Pro- Vice-Chancellor
Vice-Chancellor
level or higher, and have the normal formal rituals associated with a graduation ceremony, including academic dress, procession and university mace. In year 2000, the Open University
Open University
was the first to host an online "virtual" graduation ceremony in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
together with an audience at the OU's campus in Milton Keynes. Twenty-six students in eight countries, from the United States of America to Hong Kong, were presented for their master's degrees in the online graduation, including, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(MIT) – Tim Berners-Lee
Tim Berners-Lee
one of the founders of the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
on whom was conferred an honorary doctorate.[36] Research[edit]

Rankings

Global rankings

ARWU[37] (2017, world) 601–700

ARWU[38] (2017, national) 44–47

THE[39] (2018, world) 401-500

THE[40] (2018, national) 54

National rankings

Like other UK universities, the OU actively engages in research. The OU's Planetary and Space Sciences Research Institute has become particularly well known to the public through its involvement in space missions. In October 2006, the Cassini-Huygens mission including 15 people from the OU received the 2006 "Laurels for Team Achievement Award" from the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA). Cassini-Huygens' successful completion of its seven-year, two billion-mile journey in January 2005 to Saturn
Saturn
ended with Huygens landing farther away from Earth than any previous probe or craft in the history of space exploration. The first instrument to touch Saturn's moon Titan was the Surface Science Package containing nine sensors to investigate the physical properties of Titan's surface. It was built by a team at the OU led by Professor
Professor
John Zarnecki. The OU employs over 500 people engaged in research in over 25 areas, and there are over 1,200 research students. It spends approximately £20 million each year on research, around £6 million from the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the remainder from external funders.[citation needed] The Open University
The Open University
also runs the Open Research Online (ORO) website.[41] Students[edit] In the 2015–16 academic year, there were 174,739 enrolled students.[42] The majority of students in the 2015–16 academic year were aged between 25 and 34 years old, with the median age of new undergraduates being 28.[42] Most students were from England (99,834), while 14,903 were from Scotland, 6,668 from Wales, 3,667 from Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and 4,900 from elsewhere in the European Union, plus others elsewhere. 60% of undergraduates were female, with 53% of those taking postgraduate modules being male. 22,664 of students in 2015–16 had declared disabilities.[42] Young undergraduates[edit] While most of those studying are mature students, an increasingly large proportion of new undergraduates are aged between 17 and 25, to the extent that the OU now has more students in this age range than any other UK university.[43][44] The reduction in financial support for those attending traditional universities, coupled with the use of technologies such as iTunes and YouTube
YouTube
that appeal to this demographic, is believed to be behind this growth.[45] By 2011, 32,000 undergraduates were under 25 years old,[43] representing around 25% of new students.[46] In 2010, 29,000 undergraduates were in this age range.[47] In the 2003–2004 academic year around 20% of new undergraduates were under 25,[48] up from 12.5% in 1996–1997[48] (the year before top-up fees were announced). In 2010 approximately 55% of those under 25 were also in full-time employment.[47] The OU works with some schools to introduce A-Level students to OU study and in 2009–10 3% of undergraduates were under 18 years old. The OU's youngest graduate so far is a 15-year-old boy from Wales who gained a BSc First Class Honours in 2014.[49] Courses[edit] Unlike other universities, where students register for a programme, OU students register separately for individual modules (which may be 10, 15, 20, 30 or 60 CATS credits, equivalent to 5, 7.5, 10, 15 or 30 ECTS credits). These modules may then be linked into degree programmes. During the 2009–10 academic year social studies was the most popular study area (with 16,381 full-time equivalent students), followed by biological and physical sciences (12,357) and historical and philosophical studies (8,686); student numbers even on smaller undergraduate programmes, such as creative arts and design[21] are still significant (2,528) as are postgraduate registrations on programmes such as mass communications and documentation (123 full-time equivalent students). The most popular module during 2009–10 was DD101 An introduction to the social sciences (7,512 students), followed by AA100 The Arts Past and Present, B120 An Introduction to Business Studies, K101 An Introduction to Health and Social Care and Y163 Starting with Psychology.[21] Fees and financial assistance[edit] 17,634 students received financial assistance towards their study in 2015–16.[42] The typical cost for United Kingdom-based students of a Bachelor's honours degree at the OU was between £3,780 and £5,130 in 2009-10. From September 2012 the Government reduced its funding for all students residing in England and fees went up to compensate. English students pay higher fees than those living in the rest of the United Kingdom. The average cost of one full-time year or 120 credits rose to £5,000, bringing the cost of an average Bachelor's honours degree for an English student to £15,000. ( European Union
European Union
and international students pay more as the university does not receive government funding for them).[21] The most important revenue stream to the Open University
Open University
is now academic fees paid by the students, which totalled about £157 million in 2009–10 and £248 million in 2015–16.[21][42] Qualifications awarded[edit] The university enrolled fewer than 50,000 students in the 1970–71 academic year, but it quickly exceeded that number by 1974–75.[21] By 1987–88 yearly enrollment had doubled to 100,000 students, passing 200,000 by 2001–02 and 250,000 in 2009–10.[21] Numbers fell when the fee regime changed. Cumulatively, by the end of 2009–10 the OU had educated more than 1.5 million students and awarded 819,564 qualifications after successful assessment.[21] In addition, the Open University
Open University
provides certification for qualifications at Ruskin College
Ruskin College
in Oxford and Richmond, the American International University in London, a private liberal arts institution. (Until 2008, it provided the same service for the University of the Highlands and Islands
University of the Highlands and Islands
in Scotland). Open University
Open University
Students Association[edit] The Open University
The Open University
Students Association is the equivalent of a students' union for the Open University, and is a registered charity wholly funded by the Open University
Open University
(OU). The association is governed by a Board of Trustees and a Central Executive Committee. Each student registered with the OU automatically becomes part of the Students Association unless they elect to formally opt out. It offers opportunities to meet up, volunteer, find information and access services to support learning. Notable current and former academics[edit]

Walton Hall manor house, the vice-chancellor's office and the second oldest building on the OU Campus.

Cintra House, Cambridge, the university's former base in the East of England.

See also: Category:Academics of the Open University

Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Jocelyn Bell Burnell
– astronomer Tim Benton – art historian Gordon Brown
Gordon Brown
– former Prime Minister and OU tutor Catherine Cooke – architect and Russian scholar Nigel Cross – design researcher David Edmonds – philosopher, broadcaster Katharine Ellis – music historian Anna Ford – journalist Brian J. Ford – author Monica Grady
Monica Grady
– meteoricist Brian Goodwin
Brian Goodwin
– biologist Oswald Hanfling – philosopher and interpreter of Wittgenstein Stuart Hall – social scientist Arthur Marwick – historian Doreen Massey – geographer Oliver Penrose – mathematician Mike Pentz – physicist Colin Pillinger
Colin Pillinger
– planetary scientist Steven Rose – biologist Russell Stannard – physicist Hilary Wainwright – editor of Red Pepper magazine Nigel Warburton – philosopher, author Margaret Wetherell – discourse analyst, social psychologist Glenn White – astronomer Robin Wilson – mathematician John Zarnecki
John Zarnecki
– space scientist

Notable alumni, graduates and honorees[edit] Main article: List of Open University
Open University
people The OU has over two million alumni, including:

Joan Armatrading
Joan Armatrading
– singer, songwriter and guitarist.[50] Elizabeth Arnold – children's writer Craig Brown – former Scotland football manager[51] Natalya Kaspersky
Natalya Kaspersky
– co-founder and co-owner of Kaspersky Lab[52] Air Chief Marshal
Air Chief Marshal
Sir Brian Burridge Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
(RAF) officer[53] Katy Cavanagh
Katy Cavanagh
– former Coronation Street
Coronation Street
TV soap actress; played character Julie Carp[54] Peter Cottrell – soldier, author and military historian Bobby Cummines OBE FRSA – charity chief executive and reformed offender; recipient of OU honorary degree Romola Garai
Romola Garai
– actress Dean Gratton – author and columnist Frank Hampson – illustrator and creator of Dan Dare Sir Lenny Henry
Lenny Henry
– entertainer[55] Gerry Hughes – sailor, first single-handed crossing of the Atlantic by a deaf person Myra Hindley
Myra Hindley
– convicted murderer and prisoner[56] Myleene Klass
Myleene Klass
– actress and media personality Paul Marsden
Paul Marsden
– writer, businessman and former Labour/Liberal Democrat MP Neil McIntosh – journalist Gordon Pask
Gordon Pask
– cybernetician and psychologist David Andrew Phoenix OBE – biochemist John Reid – Labour politician and former Cabinet minister Talulah Riley
Talulah Riley
– actress[57] Graham Smith – CEO of Republic Mary Stuart – Vice-Chancellor
Vice-Chancellor
of the University of Lincoln[58] Elliott Marc Jones, creator of Redactem (IndieGameStand's highest rated game) David Wilkinson – psychologist, ambiguity theorist and Oxford academic Meles Zenawi
Meles Zenawi
– former Prime Minister of Ethiopia[59]

In fiction[edit] The Open University
The Open University
has been featured in many film and television programmes. The plot of Educating Rita
Educating Rita
surrounds the working class character aiming to "improve" herself by studying English literature. She attends private tutorials run by alcoholic lecturer Frank.[60] Television characters have also followed OU courses. These include Anne Bryce in the BBC
BBC
sit-com Ever Decreasing Circles, Yvonne Sparrow in Goodnight Sweetheart and Bulman, in the ITV spin-off from the series Strangers. Sheila Grant
Sheila Grant
(Sue Johnston) was accused of having an affair with her tutor in Brookside. Onslow, a character from Keeping up Appearances, watches Open University
Open University
programming on television from time to time. In autumn 2006, Lenny Henry
Lenny Henry
was a star in Slings and Arrows, a one-off BBC
BBC
television drama which he also wrote, about someone who falls in love while on an OU English Literature course. (Henry has himself completed an OU degree in English.)[55] In the 2006–07 TV series Life on Mars, Sam Tyler
Sam Tyler
received messages from the real world via Open University
Open University
programmes late at night. Doreen from Birds of a Feather
Birds of a Feather
announced she had been accepted by the Open University
Open University
to do a degree in psychology and began studying with the University in series 3. Partner institutions[edit]

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All Nations[citation needed] American College of Thessaloniki[citation needed] Arab Open University[citation needed] Architectural Association School of Architecture[citation needed] Ballet West[citation needed] Bridgewater and Taunton College[citation needed] Calderdale College[citation needed] Christie's Education[citation needed] Craven College[citation needed] Education for Health[citation needed] Havering College of Further and Higher Education[citation needed] HKU – University of the Arts Utrecht, Netherlands[citation needed] Hochschule für Internationales Management Heidelberg[citation needed] Hull College Group[citation needed] Leeds
Leeds
City College[citation needed] Leeds
Leeds
College of Art[citation needed] London College of Creative Media Limited[citation needed] Maryvale Institute[citation needed] New College Durham[citation needed] Newham College (University Centre Stratford)[citation needed] Nottinghamshire Healthcare Trust (Institute of Mental Health)[citation needed] Plymouth College of Art[citation needed] Quayside School of Higher Education[citation needed] Regent's University London[citation needed] Richmond, The American International University in London[citation needed] RNFAA (Military Aviation Academy)[citation needed] Ruskin College
Ruskin College
Oxford[citation needed] Sheffield College[citation needed] The American College of Greece – DEREE College[61]

See also[edit]

University portal

Category:Academics of the Open University List of Open University
Open University
Alumni Futurelearn OpenLearn and former site Open2.net Open College of the Arts Open University
Open University
Press Credit unions in the United Kingdom University of Hagen

References[edit]

^ "Chancellor of The Open University". open.ac.uk. November 2014. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014.  ^ " Vice-Chancellor
Vice-Chancellor
of The Open University". .open.ac.uk. March 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015.  ^ a b c "Table 1 All students by HE institution, level of study, mode of study and domicile 2012/13" ( Microsoft Excel
Microsoft Excel
spreadsheet). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 25 November 2014.  ^ " The Open University
The Open University
– Estates and Building Facilities". Open.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ "Study at the OU: What you can study if you're resident outside the UK". Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ " The Open University
The Open University
Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Campus". open.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ " The Open University
The Open University
Campus
Campus
Buildings, Facilities". Open.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ " The Open University
The Open University
– life on campus". open.ac.uk. 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ "Brief history of the OU". Retrieved 2006-10-08.  ^ a b "Facts and Figures". open.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2017.  ^ "Students rate university courses". BBC
BBC
News. 21 September 2005. Retrieved 2006-10-08.  ^ "Student satisfaction survey results". BBC
BBC
News. 23 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-08.  ^ "National Student Survey". HEFCE. 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-06-16.  ^ " The Open University
The Open University
highly rated for student satisfaction". .open.ac.uk. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ Times Higher Education
Times Higher Education
Table of Excellence www.timeshighereducation.co.uk Published 18 December 2008. Accessed 24 November 2011. ^ "Center for World University Rankings 2016". Retrieved 23 October 2017.  ^ "Open University : Database of Institutions Accredited". Middle States Commission on Higher Education, United States of America. Retrieved 10 October 2010.  ^ "USA Accreditation: Middle States Commission on Higher Education". Ouworldwide.com. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ Pete Dorey, "‘Well, Harold Insists on Having It!’—The Political Struggle to Establish The Open University, 1965–67." Contemporary British History
History
29#2 (2015): 241–272. ^ "Quality and Standards Factsheet" (PDF). Retrieved 23 October 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i Facts & figures 2009/10, Open University, accessed 2011-05-06 ^ Credit unions in membership of ABCUL Association of British Credit Unions (retrieved 1 November 2014) ^ Credit Union Guide Financial Services Compensation Scheme
Financial Services Compensation Scheme
(retrieved 2 April 2015) ^ "Business school rankings from the Financial Times
Financial Times
– Online MBA Ranking 2014". Rankings.ft.com. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ "End of a cultural era – but OU on TV evolution continues". open.ac.uk. 11 Dec 2006. Retrieved 2017-04-24.  ^ "QAA Report, OU" (PDF). December 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2017.  ^ Teleport to Open University
Open University
island. Second Life
Second Life
grid. ^ "Teleport to Open Life Village". Second Life
Second Life
grid. ^ The Open University’s Place for Us: Providing Geographically Dispersed Students & Faculty A Place to Meet and Learn Together. Archived 7 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Linden Lab Education blog, May 2009. ^ "Open University's iTunes record". BBC
BBC
News. 29 June 2010.  ^ "Open University's Learning Systems Update". Open Universities. 11 October 2012.  ^ "Plugins created and maintained by the Open University". Moodle Plugins. 26 November 2014.  ^ A 60-credit Accounting course has a three-hour paper half-way through the course, and two more three-hour papers at the end ^ "Working out your class of honours" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ "OU regulations 8.5.2 stipulating limit on maximum concurrent modules" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 December 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.  ^ "Open University's online graduation". BBC
BBC
News. 31 March 2000. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  ^ " Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
2017". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ " Academic Ranking of World Universities
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may be in its 40s – but students are getting younger", The Guardian, published 11–01–03, accessed 2011-05-06 ^ a b New generation of part-time learners focus on career progression: 1 in 4 of new OU students is under 25 – 55% work full-time Open University, published 2011-08-11, accessed 2011-05-06 ^ a b "OU sees rise in younger students". BBC
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News. 2 August 2005. Retrieved 2006-10-08.  ^ [1] The Open University. ^ "" Joan Armatrading
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(b. 1950)" at National Portrait Gallery". Npg.org.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ "Degree was a real hope opera. Opening up: Craig Brown. Opening up: Paul Kells". Faqs.org. Retrieved 2013-06-16.  ^ "InfoWatch Management". InfoWatch. Retrieved 2014-10-30.  ^ " Air Chief Marshal
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Sir Brian Burridge KCB CBE ADC". Directart.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-16.  ^ " Coronation Street
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News. 2002-11-15. Retrieved 2014-04-10.  ^ "Talulah Riley: School was fine but where were the midnight feasts? - Metro News". Metro. Retrieved 6 October 2014.  ^ Professor
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University of Lincoln Archived 29 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Biography: HE Meles Zenawi". Archived from the original on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 21 November 2006.  ^ Educating Rita
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(from 'Philosophical movies')  – Dr. Jorn K. Bramann, Frostburg
Frostburg
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Further reading[edit]

Dorey, Pete. "‘Well, Harold Insists on Having It!’—The Political Struggle to Establish The Open University, 1965–67." Contemporary British History
History
29#2 (2015): 241-272. Perry, Walter. "The Open University" Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain. (1971), Vol. 44 Issue 203, pp 95–112. Purvis, June. "Some problems of teaching and learning within the Open University." Educational Research 21#3 (1979): 163–177. Tunstall, Jeremy. The Open University
The Open University
Opens (1974). Dalgleish, Tim. Lifting It Off The Page: An Oral Portrait of OU People 1995, The Open University.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Open University.

Official website H2G2 Open University
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Information at BBC
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Online OpenLearn online learning portal from the Open University Video clip of BBC
BBC
Open University
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programme circa 1982 The Open University
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Access Centre Open University
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Europe homepage The Open University
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and Union members

Coordinates: 52°01′30″N 0°42′20″W / 52.02500°N 0.70556°W / 52.02500; -0.70556

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University Alliance

Members

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v t e

Credit unions in the United Kingdom

Community

Alford and District Community Bank The Co-operative Eastern Savings & Loans East London Cherwell Community Bank Leeds
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Authority control

ISNI: 0000 0000 9606 9

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