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NORM PHELPS (born Norman Nelson Phelps, III) (May 16, 1939 – December 31, 2014) was an American writer. He was a founding member of the Society of Ethical and Religious Vegetarians
Vegetarians
(SERV), and a former outreach director of the Fund for Animals
Fund for Animals
. He authored four books on animal rights : The Dominion of Love: Animal Rights According to the Bible (2002), The Great Compassion: Buddhism
Buddhism
and Animal Rights (2004), The Longest Struggle: Animal Advocacy from Pythagoras to PETA (2007), and Changing the Game: Animal Liberation in the Twenty-first Century (2015).

Phelps spoke at numerous conferences, including the National Conference on Organized Resistance , the University of Oregon’s Public Interest Environmental Law Conference , several of the annual Animal Rights Conferences sponsored by the Farm Animal Rights Movement (FARM), and the Compassionate Living Festival. He also published articles, essays, and book reviews in several periodicals: Journal of Critical Animal Studies, Philosophia , Satya, The Animals’ Voice, and VegNews .

Phelps had become a vegetarian and then a vegan following the death of his dog Czar in 1984. As Phelps describes this change process on his website, "Czar was a person. He had a personality as individual and well-defined as any human being . He could love, he could trust, he could share, he could enjoy, he could fear, he could worry, he could look forward to the future and remember the past, he had a sense of who he was, and he would have sacrificed himself for me without a moment's hesitation. . . . If Czar was a person, what about other animals? What about cows , pigs , chickens and sheep ? Weren't they people, too? How could we love some and eat others?"

In 1994, Phelps retired from the federal government and joined the campaigns office of The Fund for Animals
Fund for Animals
in Silver Spring, Maryland
Silver Spring, Maryland
, where he became active in the campaign to end the live pigeon shoot which was then held every Labor Day
Labor Day
in the village of Hegins, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
. (The shoot ended in 1998.) When The Fund for Animals merged with The Humane Society of the United States
United States
(HSUS), Phelps joined the staff of the HSUS wildlife protection campaign, where he worked until he resigned for reasons of age and health in 2011. (From 2002 until his death, Phelps had suffered from myasthenia gravis, an auto-immune neuromuscular condition that causes severe fatiguable weakness.)

As an animal rights theorist, Phelps argues that the animal rights movement must: 1) Engage religious communities on the side of animal rights, 2) Join with progressive movements for social and economic justice and environmental protection to create a genuine universal rights movement, and 3) pursue a "two-track" strategy of advocating veganism and the abolition of all animal exploitation while simultaneously campaigning for more moderate reforms, such as Meatless Mondays and the abolition of battery cages for laying hens. Although he is generally opposed to militant direct action on the grounds that it is counterproductive, Phelps supported live rescues of animals from farms and laboratories. In 1994, he was arrested at a pigeon shoot in Pikeville, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
for releasing 200 pigeons who were slated to become living targets. He spent two days in Berks County Prison and was subsequently convicted of malicious mischief.

He lived in Funkstown, Maryland (USA) with his second wife, Patti Rogers. He is survived by his 2 children, his son Nelson and his daughter Kyra.

CONTENTS

* 1 Education * 2 Publications * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 Further reading

EDUCATION

* University of Maryland, College Park
University of Maryland, College Park
, BA, history , philosophy , 1958–1962.

PUBLICATIONS

BOOKS

* The Dominion of Love: Animal Rights According to the Bible. Lantern Books, New York, 2002. 208 pages. * The Great Compassion: Buddhism
Buddhism
and Animal Rights. Lantern Books, New York, 2004. 240 pages. * The Longest Struggle: Animal Advocacy from Pythagoras to PETA. Lantern Books, New York, 2007. 368 pages.

ARTICLES

* A Chronology of Animal Protection: Part I: The Ancient World - begins at 250,000 YBP * Why the Animals Need Religion * An Open Letter to the Dalai Lama, June 15, 2007 * Use a Sharp Knife: Animals and Islam * Ethical Eating: Comments on the Unitarian Universalist Association\'s Draft Statement of Conscience

AUDIO PODCASTS

* Changing the Game, Part II (7/23/2013) - Transcription by Brandon Chung, 7/30/2013

PUBLISHED INTERVIEWS

* The Dominion of Love: Interview with the Abolitionist Online * The Great Compassion: Interview with the Abolitionist Online

BOOK REVIEWS

* Animals and the Holocaust: Eternal Treblinka by Charles Patterson * Tales of Common Sorrow: Job Enters a Pain Clinic and Other Stories by Roberta Kalechofsky * Trying to Walk before We Can Crawl: Speciesism
Speciesism
by Joan Dunayer * Speaking of the Unspeakable: the Holocaust and the Henmaid\'s Tale by Karen Davis

Video lectures

* History
History
of the Animal Rights Movement (17:11), Apr 10, 2013, featured at the Animal Rights 2012 National Conference, organized by Farm Animal Rights Movement (FARM) of Bethesda, MD - argues for the secular roots of the animal rights movement, as 'the orphan child of the 1960s' and as having secularist roots from the European Enlightenment, contrasting it with the animal welfare movement which he said had emerged from 18th century religious roots, when contemplation of the moral meaning of sentience was centrally important to reflection on animals.

SEE ALSO

* Alex Hershaft * Buddhism
Buddhism
* Christian Vegetarian Association * Ethical veganism
Ethical veganism
* Henry Spira * Moral status of animals in the ancient world * Oxford Group (animal rights) * Richard Schwartz * Stephen R. Kaufman * Veganism
Veganism

NOTES

* ^ Biography at animalsandethics.org * ^ Norm Phelps – 1939-2014, Compassion Over Killing * ^ Website of the Society of Ethical and Religious Vegetarians * ^ Phelps, Norm (2007). The Longest Struggle. Lantern Books. * ^ Phelps, Norm (2008). "Rhyme, Reason, and Animal Rights", Journal for Critical Animal Studies, vol 6, issue 1 * ^ LinkedIn profile, Norm Phelps

FURTHER READING

* Personal website: Animals and Ethics * Personal website: NormPhelps.org (includes some essays) * Obituary: Norm Phelps, Animals 24-7, by Merritt Clifton

* v * t * e

Animal rights
Animal rights

TOPICS

OVERVIEW

* Abolitionism * Animal protectionism * Animal welfare
Animal welfare
* Speciesism
Speciesism
* Vegaphobia * Veganism
Veganism
* MORE...

ISSUES

* Ahimsa
Ahimsa
* Anarchism * Animal cognition
Animal cognition
* Animal consciousness
Animal consciousness
* Animal law
Animal law
* Animal model
Animal model
* Animal rights
Animal rights
and the Holocaust * Animal product
Animal product
* Animal rights
Animal rights
movement * Animal testing
Animal testing
* Animal testing
Animal testing
on non-human primates * Animals in sport
Animals in sport
* Anthrozoology * Anti-hunting
Anti-hunting
* Bile bear
Bile bear
* Bioethics * Blood sport
Blood sport
* Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness
Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness
* Carnism
Carnism
* Cosmetics testing * Chick culling
Chick culling
* Christianity and animal rights
Christianity and animal rights
* Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation
* Cormorant culling
Cormorant culling
* Covance
Covance
* Cruelty to animals
Cruelty to animals
* Deep ecology
Deep ecology
* Ethics of eating meat
Ethics of eating meat
* Fox hunting
Fox hunting
* Fur trade * Great ape research ban * Green Scare * Huntingdon Life Sciences * Intensive animal farming * Ivory trade
Ivory trade
* Livestock
Livestock
* Meat paradox
Meat paradox
* Nafovanny
Nafovanny
* Nonviolence
Nonviolence
* Open rescue * Operation Backfire * Pain in animals
Pain in animals
* Pain and suffering in laboratory animals
Pain and suffering in laboratory animals
* Primate trade * Seal hunting
Seal hunting
* Slaughterhouse
Slaughterhouse
* Stock-free agriculture
Stock-free agriculture
* Toxicology testing * Veganism
Veganism
* Vegetarianism * Western Australian shark cull
Western Australian shark cull
* MORE...

CASES

* Brown Dog
Dog
affair * Cambridge University primates
Cambridge University primates
* McLibel case * Pit of despair
Pit of despair
* Silver Spring monkeys * University of California Riverside 1985 laboratory raid * Unnecessary Fuss
Unnecessary Fuss

ADVOCATES

Academics and writers

* Carol Adams * Tom Beauchamp * Marc Bekoff * Paola Cavalieri * Stephen R. L. Clark * Alasdair Cochrane
Alasdair Cochrane
* J. M. Coetzee
J. M. Coetzee
* Priscilla Cohn * David DeGrazia * Sue Donaldson * Josephine Donovan * Lawrence Finsen * Gary Francione
Gary Francione
* Robert Garner * Antoine Goetschel
Antoine Goetschel
* John Hadley * Will Kymlicka * Andrew Linzey
Andrew Linzey
* Dan Lyons * Mary Midgley
Mary Midgley
* Martha Nussbaum
Martha Nussbaum
* Siobhan O\'Sullivan * Clare Palmer
Clare Palmer
* Tom Regan * Bernard Rollin * Mark Rowlands
Mark Rowlands
* Richard D. Ryder * Peter Singer
Peter Singer
* Henry Stephens Salt
Henry Stephens Salt
* Steve Sapontzis * Gary Steiner
Gary Steiner
* Cass Sunstein
Cass Sunstein
* MORE...

ACTIVISTS

* Cleveland Amory
Cleveland Amory
* Greg Avery * Matt Ball * Martin Balluch * Barbi twins * Brigitte Bardot
Brigitte Bardot
* Bob Barker
Bob Barker
* Gene Baur
Gene Baur
* Frances Power Cobbe
Frances Power Cobbe
* Rod Coronado * Evandro Costa * Karen Davis * Chris DeRose * Robert Enke
Robert Enke
* John Feldmann
John Feldmann
* Bruce Friedrich
Bruce Friedrich
* Juliet Gellatley * Jordan Halliday * Barry Horne * Ronnie Lee
Ronnie Lee
* Lizzy Lind af Hageby * Jo-Anne McArthur
Jo-Anne McArthur
* Bill Maher * Keith Mann * Dan Mathews
Dan Mathews
* Ingrid Newkirk
Ingrid Newkirk
* Heather Nicholson * Alex Pacheco * Jill Phipps
Jill Phipps
* Craig Rosebraugh
Craig Rosebraugh
* Nathan Runkle * Henry Spira * Kim Stallwood * Marianne Thieme
Marianne Thieme
* Darren Thurston * Andrew Tyler * Gary Yourofsky
Gary Yourofsky
* MORE...

MOVEMENT

GROUPS

* Animal Aid
Animal Aid
* Animal Legal Defense Fund * Animal Liberation Front
Animal Liberation Front
* British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection
British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection
* Centre for Animals and Social Justice * Chinese Animal Protection Network * Direct Action Everywhere
Direct Action Everywhere
* Farm Animal Rights Movement * Great Ape Project * Hunt Saboteurs Association * In Defense of Animals
In Defense of Animals
* Korea Animal Rights Advocates * Last Chance for Animals * Mercy for Animals
Mercy for Animals
* New England Anti-Vivisection Society
New England Anti-Vivisection Society
* Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics * Oxford Group * People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals * United Poultry Concerns
United Poultry Concerns
* MORE...

PARTIES

* AAEVP (Canada) * Animal Justice Party (Australia) * Animal Welfare Party
Animal Welfare Party
(UK) * PACMA (Spain) * Party for the Animals (Netherlands) * Partito Animalista Italiano (Italy) * Tierschutzpartei (Germany) * V-Partei³ (Germany) * People–Animals–Nature (Portugal) * MORE...

MEDIA

BOOKS

* Animals\' Rights: Considered in Relation to Social Progress (1894) * Animals, Men and Morals
Animals, Men and Morals
(1971) * Animal Liberation (1975) * The Case for Animal Rights (1983) * The Lives of Animals (1999) * Striking at the Roots (2008) * An American Trilogy (2009) * MORE...

FILMS

* The Animals Film (1981) * A Cow at My Table
A Cow at My Table
(1998) * Meet Your Meat
Meet Your Meat
(2002) * Peaceable Kingdom (2004) * Earthlings (2005) * Behind the Mask (2006) * The Cove (2009) * Forks Over Knives
Forks Over Knives
(2011) * Vegucated (2011) * Speciesism: The Movie (2013) * The Ghosts in Our Machine (2013) * MORE...

CATEGORIES

* Animal advocacy parties * Animal law
Animal law
* Animal Liberation Front
Animal Liberation Front
* Animal rights
Animal rights
* Animal rights
Animal rights
activists * Animal right media * Animal rights
Animal rights
movement * Animal rights
Animal rights
scholars * Animal testing
Animal testing
* Blood sports * Livestock
Livestock
* Meat industry * Poultry * Veganism
Veganism
* Vegetarianism

Animal rights
Animal rights
portal

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