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Nordfriesland (English: "Northern Friesland" or "North Frisia") is the northernmost district of Germany, part of the state of Schleswig-Holstein. It includes almost all of traditional North Frisia along with adjacent areas to the east and south and is bound by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Schleswig-Flensburg
Schleswig-Flensburg
and Dithmarschen, the North Sea
North Sea
and the Danish county of South Jutland. The district is called Kreis Nordfriesland in German, Kreis Noordfreesland in Low German, Kris Nordfraschlönj in Mooring North Frisian, Kreis Nuurdfresklun in Fering
Fering
North Frisian and Nordfrislands amt in Danish. As of 2008, Nordfriesland was the most visited rural district in Germany.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Coat of arms 4 Towns and municipalities 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The sea has always had a strong influence in the region. In medieval times, storm tides made life in what is now Nordfriesland rather dangerous. Only in modern times was the loss of land and lives able to be stopped by building solid dikes. Many villages that once existed are now at the bottom of the sea. The best-known example is the small seaport of Rungholt, which was destroyed by a storm surge in 1362. The island of Strand vanished in the Burchardi flood, another disastrous storm in 1634. Subsequent to this storm surge, there were many small islets instead of Strand. From approximately 1200 until 1864, the area that is now Nordfriesland was a part of the Duchy of Schleswig, which itself was not directly a part of the Danish Kingdom, but a fiefdom of the Danish crown and linked to the kings of Denmark
Denmark
by personal union as a separate entity. Nordfriesland is still a multilingual district: there are people speaking standard German, Low German, North Frisian and Danish including South Jutlandic. The North Frisian language
North Frisian language
exists in nine slightly different dialects, yet it is mainly used by older citizens in mainland Nordfriesland. A relatively lively community of Frisian speakers exists though on the islands of Föhr
Föhr
and Amrum. After becoming German, three districts were established in the region: Südtondern
Südtondern
in the north, Husum
Husum
in the centre, and Eiderstedt
Eiderstedt
in the south. In 1970 these three districts were merged to form the Nordfriesland district. Geography[edit]

North Frisia
North Frisia
within the modern Nordfriesland district.

The entire coastal region is part of the Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
Wadden Sea National Park. Nordfriesland includes the coastal section between Dithmarschen
Dithmarschen
and Denmark. In the south is the Eiderstedt
Eiderstedt
peninsula, where the River Eider meets the sea. The North Frisian Islands
North Frisian Islands
are also part of the Nordfriesland district and located inside the national park as well. There are five large islands (Sylt, Föhr, Amrum, Pellworm
Pellworm
and Nordstrand) and ten smaller islets known as Halligen. Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms displays three golden ships on a blue background. These coats of arms have been used by the Eiderstedt
Eiderstedt
peninsula since the 17th century. When the district was established in 1970, the arms of Eiderstedt
Eiderstedt
were applied to the entire district. Differing from the old arms, though, there are three images visible on the ships' sails: a plow, a herring and a bull's head.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Independent towns and municipalities

Friedrichstadt Husum Tönning Reußenköge

Ämter

1. Eiderstedt

Garding1, 2 Garding, Kirchspiel Grothusenkoog Katharinenheerd Kotzenbüll Norderfriedrichskoog Oldenswort Osterhever Poppenbüll Sankt Peter-Ording Tating Tetenbüll Tümlauer-Koog Vollerwiek Welt Westerhever

2. Föhr-Amrum

Alkersum Borgsum Dunsum Midlum Nebel Nieblum Norddorf Oevenum Oldsum Süderende Utersum Witsum Wittdün Wrixum Wyk auf Föhr1, 2

3. Landschaft Sylt

Hörnum Kampen List Sylt1 Wenningstedt-Braderup

4. Mittleres Nordfriesland

Ahrenshöft Almdorf Bargum Bohmstedt Bordelum Bredstedt1, 2 Breklum Drelsdorf Goldebek Goldelund Högel Joldelund Kolkerheide Langenhorn Lütjenholm Ockholm Sönnebüll Struckum Vollstedt

5. Nordsee-Treene

Arlewatt Drage Elisabeth-Sophien-Koog Fresendelf Hattstedt Hattstedtermarsch Horstedt Hude Koldenbüttel Mildstedt1 Nordstrand Oldersbek Olderup Ostenfeld Ramstedt Rantrum Schwabstedt Seeth Simonsberg Süderhöft Südermarsch Uelvesbüll Winnert Wisch Wittbek Witzwort Wobbenbüll

6. Pellworm

Gröde Hooge Langeneß Pellworm1

7. Südtondern

Achtrup Aventoft Bosbüll Braderup Bramstedtlund Dagebüll Ellhöft Emmelsbüll-Horsbüll Enge-Sande Friedrich-Wilhelm-Lübke-Koog Galmsbüll Holm Humptrup Karlum Klanxbüll Klixbüll Ladelund Leck Lexgaard Neukirchen Niebüll1, 2 Risum-Lindholm Rodenäs Sprakebüll Stadum Stedesand Süderlügum Tinningstedt Uphusum Westre

8. Viöl

Ahrenviöl Ahrenviölfeld Behrendorf Bondelum Haselund Immenstedt Löwenstedt Norstedt Oster-Ohrstedt Schwesing Sollwitt Viöl1 Wester-Ohrstedt

1seat of the Amt; 2town

See also[edit]

Biikebrennen

References[edit]

^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
4. Quartal 2016] (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
(in German).  ^ "Tourismus- und Hotelatlas 2009-2010" (PDF) (in German). Georg & Ottenströer. p. 8. [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nordfriesland.

Official website (in German)

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Flensburg Kiel Lübeck Neumünster

Rural districts

Dithmarschen Herzogtum Lauenburg Nordfriesland Ostholstein Pinneberg Plön Rendsburg-Eckernförde Schleswig-Flensburg Segeberg Steinburg Stormarn

Coordinates: 54°35′N 9°00′E / 54.58°N 9.0°E / 54.58; 9.0

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155949638 LCCN: n81079013 ISNI: 0000 0004 0582 0

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