NICHOLAS RESCHER (/ˈrɛʃər/ ; German: ; born 15 July 1928) is a
German-American philosopher at the
University of Pittsburgh . He is
the Co-Chairman of the Center for
Rescher has served as president for the American Catholic
Philosophical Association , American G.W. Leibniz Society , American
Metaphysical Society ,
American Philosophical Association , and C.S.
Peirce Society , He is the founder of American Philosophical
Quarterly , History of
* 1 Early life and education
* 2 Career
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
Rescher began his career as an academic at
An honorary member of
Corpus Christi College, Oxford , he has been
elected to membership in the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Rescher is a prolific writer, with over 100 books and 400 articles, generating the jest that Rescher is not a single person, but a committee sharing the name. Philosopher Michele Marsonet , who has published extensively on Rescher's philosophy, writes that his prolific publication is in itself the most common objection against Rescher, adding "it is, indeed, a leitmotiv of all those unwilling to discuss his ideas". Rescher has described his own approach to philosophy as synthesizing the idealism of Germany and Great Britain with the pragmatism of the U.S.
Rescher's university biography describes his philosophical work thus:
His work envisions a dialectical tension between our synoptic aspirations for useful knowledge and our human limitations as finite inquirers. The elaboration of this project represents a many-sided approach to fundamental philosophical issues that weaves together threads of thought from the philosophy of science, and from continental idealism and American pragmatism.
In the mid and late 1960s, his studies were focused on medieval Arabic logic, but he soon broadened his areas of inquiry in metaphysics and epistemology , moving towards the methodological pragmatism he would define. In the 1970s, he began working more extensively with American pragmatism with a focus on the writings of C. S. Peirce , who was to number among his major influences.
He has contributed to futuristics, and with Olaf Helmer and Norman Dalkey , invented the Delphi method of forecasting. A lifelong aficionado of the philosophy of G. W. Leibniz, Rescher has been instrumental in the reconstruction of Leibniz’s machina deciphratoria, an ancestor of the famous Enigma cipher machine. Rescher is also responsible for two further items of historical rediscovery and reconstruction: the model of cosmic evolution in Anaximander, and the medieval Islamic theory of modal syllogistic.
Rescher has been honored many times for his work. In 1984, he received the Humboldt Prize for Humanistic Scholarship. In 2005, he received the Cardinal Mercier Prize , and in 2007 the American Catholic Philosophical Society's Aquinas Medal. In 2011, his contributions as a German-American to philosophy were recognized with the premier cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany , the Founder's Medal of the American Metaphysical Society (2016), and the Helmholtz Medal of the German Academy of Sciences Berlin-Brandenburg (. He holds eight honorary degrees.
Having held visiting lectureships at Oxford, Konstanz , Salamanca ,
Munich , and Marburg , he has been awarded fellowships by the Ford ,
Guggenheim , and
National Science Foundation
THE NICHOLAS RESCHER PRIZE
In 2010, the
University of Pittsburgh created the Dr. Nicholas
Rescher Fund for the Advancement of the Department of
* Logic : Rescher quantifier * Non-classical logic : Dienes–Rescher inference engine (also Rescher-Dienes implication); Rescher–Manor consequence relation * Paraconsistent logic : Rescher–Brandom semantics * Temporal logic : Rescher operator * Scientometrics : Rescher's Law of logarithmic returns * Distributive justice : Rescher's effective average measure * Dialectics : Rescher's theory of formal disputation
For a more complete list of publications (books) from 1960–2006, see http://www.pitt.edu/~rescher/books.html.
OUP = Oxford University Press. PUP =
* 1964. The Development of Arabic Logic. UPP.
* 1966. Galen and the Syllogism. UPP.
* 1966. The
Logic of Commands. Dover Publications, New York,
Routledge New York University Press.
* 1978. Scientific Progress: A Philosophical Essay on the Economics
of Research in Natural Science. UPP
* 1983. Risk: A Philosophical Introduction to the Theory of Risk
Evaluation and Management. UPA.
* 1984. The Limits of Science. (Reissued 1999) UPP.
* 1985. The Strife of Systems: An Essay on the Grounds and
Implications of Philosophical Diversity. UPP.
* 1988. Rationality. OUP.
* 1989. Cognitive Economy: Economic Perspectives in the Theory of
* 1989. A Useful Inheritance: Evolutionary
* A System of Pragmatic Idealism
* 1991. Volume I: Human Knowledge in Idealistic Perspective. PUP. * 1992. Volume II: The Validity of Values: Human Values in Pragmatic Perspective. PUP. * 1994. Volume III: Metaphilosophical Inquiries. PUP.
* 1993. Pluralism: Against the Demand for Consensus. OUP. * 1993 "In Matters of Religion," in Kelly James Clark, ed., Philosphers Who Believe: The Spiritual Journeys of 11 Leading Thinkers, pp. 127-136. InterVarsity Press. * 1995. Luck. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. * 1995. Essays in the History of Philosophy. UK: Aldershot. * 1995. Process Metaphysics. SUNY Press. * 1996. Instructive Journey: An Autobiographical Essay. UPA. * 1997. Predicting The Future: An Introduction To The Theory Of Forecasting. SUNY Press * 1998. Complexity: A Philosophical Overview. Transaction Publishers. * 1999. Kant and the Reach of Reason. Cambridge University Press. * 1999. Realistic Pragmatism: An Introduction to Pragmatic Philosophy. SUNY Press. * 2000. Nature and Understanding: A Study of the Metaphysics of Science. OUP. * 2001. Paradoxes: Their Roots, Range, and Resolution. Open Court Publishing. * 2001. Process Philosophy: A Survey of Basic Issues. UPP. * 2003. Epistemology: On the Scope and Limits of Knowledge. SUNY Press. * 2003. On Leibniz. UPP. * 2005. Epistemic Logic. UPP. * 2005. Reason and Reality: Realism and Idealism in Pragmatic Perspective. Rowman & Littlefield. * 2005-2006. Collected Papers in 10 vols. Ontos Verlag. * 2006. Metaphysics: The Key Issues from a Realist Perspective. Prometheus Books. * 2006. Epistemetrics. Cambridge University Press. * 2006. Error: On Our Predicament When Things Go Wrong. UPP. * 2007. Conditionals. MIT Press. * 2009. Aporetics. UPP. * 2009. Free Will. Transaction Books. * 2009. Ignorance: On the Wider Implications of Deficient Knowledge. UPP. * 2009. Unknowability. Lexington Books. * 2009. Wishful Thinking and Other Philosophical Reflections. Ontos. * 2009. Epistemological Studies. Ontos. * 2010. Ideas in Process: A Study of the Development of Philosophical Concepts. Ontos Verlag. * 2010. Studies in Quantitative Philosophy. Ontos Verlag. * 2010. Reality and Its Appearance. Continuum. * 2010. A Free Will Bibliography. Ontos. With Estelle Burris * 2010. Philosophical Inquiries. UPP. * 2010. Infinite Regress. Transaction Books * 2010. Axiogenesis: An Essay in Metaphysical Optimalism. Lexington Books. * 2010. Philosophical Textuality: Studies on Issues of Discourses in Philosophy. Ontos. * 2010. On Rules and Principles: A Philosophical Study of their Nature and Function. Ontos. * 2010. Finitude: A Study of Cognitive Limits and Limitations. Ontos. * 2010. Beyond Sets: A Venture in Collection-Theoretico Revisionism. Ontos. With Patrick Grim. * 2011. On Certainty: And Other Philosophical Essays. Ontos. * 2011. Philosophical Explorations. Ontos. * 2011. Philosophical Episodes. Ontos. * 2011. Productive Evolution. Ontos. * 2012. Pragmatism. Transaction Books. * 2012. Reflexivity. (With Patrick Grim) Ontos. * 2012. On Explaining Existence. Ontos. * 2012. Philosophische Vorsellungen. Ontos. * 2012. Philosophical Deliberations. Ontos. * 2012. On Leibniz. UPP. * 2012. Epistemic Merit: And Other Essays in Epistemology. Ontos. * 2013. On Leibniz: Expanded Edition. University of Pittsburgh Press. * 2013. Reason and Religion. ONTOS. * 2014. Philosophical Progress, And Other Philosophical Studies. De Gruyter. * 2014. The Pragmatic Vision: Themes in Philosophical Pragmatism. Rowman -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
* ^ A B C D E F G
University of Pittsburgh 2014
* ^ A B C D E Marsonet 2014
* ^ A B Sosa & Cohen 1979 , p. ix
John Kekes (1995). "Nicholas Rescher, The Oxford Companion to
* As of this edit , this article uses content from "Dr. Nicholas Rescher", which is licensed in a way that permits reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License , but not under the GFDL . All relevant terms must be followed.
* Anderson, Myrna (6 December 2012). "Plantinga Wins Prestigious
Rescher Prize". Calvin. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
* Center for