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The NEW YORK CITY MARATHON (branded TCS NEW YORK CITY MARATHON and formerly branded ING NEW YORK CITY MARATHON for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon (42.195 km or 26.219 mi) that courses through the five boroughs of New York City
New York City
. It is the largest marathon in the world, with 51,394 finishers in 2016 and 98,247 applicants for the 2017 race. Along with the Boston
Boston
Marathon
Marathon
and Chicago Marathon
Marathon
, it is among the pre-eminent long-distance annual running events in the United States
United States
and is one of the World Marathon
Marathon
Majors .

The race is organized by New York Road Runners Cluband has been run every year since 1970, with the exception of 2012, due to landfall of Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy
. In past years, it has been sponsored by the financial group ING. In 2014, Tata Consultancy Services
Tata Consultancy Services
, a multinational information technology (IT) service, consulting, and business solutions company headquartered in India, began an eight-year term as the title sponsor. It is held on the first Sunday of November and attracts professional competitors and amateurs from all over the world. Because of the popularity of the race, participation is chosen largely by a lottery system. Guaranteed entry to the marathon can be gained by meeting the requirements for the 9+1 or 9+$1K program, having completed 15 or more previous NYC Marathons, or meeting time qualification standards.

CONTENTS

* 1 Course * 2 History * 3 1974 * 4 1978 * 5 1979 * 6 1981 * 7 1983 * 8 1992 * 9 1994 * 10 2003 * 11 2004 * 12 2005 * 13 2006 * 14 2007 * 15 2008 * 16 2009 * 17 2010 * 18 2011 * 19 2012 * 20 2013 * 21 2014 * 22 2015 * 23 2016 * 24 Winners * 25 References * 26 External links

COURSE

Course of the New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
2013; this is similar to the courses used in previous years. Thousands of runners on Verrazano-Narrows Bridge.

The race was founded by Fred Lebow. Ted Corbitthelped plan the deceptively hilly course of the New York City
New York City
Marathon. The initial course of 1970 consisted in repeated racing around Central Park
Central Park
. From 1976, the course covers all five boroughs of New York City. It begins on Staten Island
Staten Island
, in Fort Wadsworth, near the approach to the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge. The bridge, which normally carries only vehicular traffic, is closed for the event. Runners use both sides of the upper level of the bridge and the westbound side of the lower level. In the opening minutes of the race, the bridge is filled with runners, creating a dramatic spectacle that is closely associated with the event.

After descending the bridge, the course winds through Brooklyn
Brooklyn
, mostly along Fourth Avenue and Bedford Avenue, for approximately the next 11 miles (18 km). Runners pass through a variety of neighborhoods, including: Bay Ridge, Sunset Park , Park Slope
Park Slope
, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Williamsburg , and Greenpoint .

At 13.1 miles (21.1 km), runners cross the Pulaski Bridge, marking the halfway point of the race and the entrance into Long Island City, Queens . After about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) in Queens, runners cross the East River
East River
via the Queensboro Bridgeinto Manhattan
Manhattan
. It is at this point in the race when many runners begin to tire, as the climb up the bridge is considered one of the most difficult points in the marathon.

Reaching Manhattan
Manhattan
after about 16 miles (26 km), the race proceeds north on First Avenue , then crosses briefly into The Bronx
The Bronx
via the Willis Avenue Bridgefor a mile before returning into Manhattan
Manhattan
via the Madison Avenue Bridge
Madison Avenue Bridge
. It then proceeds south through Harlem
Harlem
down Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
and into Central Park. At the southern end of the park, the race proceeds across Central Park
Central Park
South , where thousands of spectators cheer runners on during the last mile. At Columbus Circle
Columbus Circle
, the race re-enters the park and finishes outside Tavern on the Green. The time limit for this course is 8½ hours from the 10:10 a.m. start.

In 2008, the race initiated a corral system. Women were given a head start and the balance of the runners began in three staggered starts. The official times are those recorded by a computer chip attached to the back of the runner's bib, which calculates when a runner crosses the start and when she crosses the finish, known as "net", as opposed to "gun", time. Runners also pass timing mats at 5 km intervals along the course and email notifications can be received by people following runners during the race to see how the runners are doing. In addition, while the distance is the same, there are different courses taken through Bay Ridgeand up Fourth Avenue in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
until the course reaches Lafayette Avenue in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
at Mile 8.

Although the marathon publicity material uses miles, the timing mats are at 5 km intervals to accommodate the publishing of splits and also enabling potential world records for 20 km, 30 km and other sub-marathon distances to be recorded.

HISTORY

Paula Radcliffe
Paula Radcliffe
, the victor of the 2007 NYC Marathon.

The first New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
was held 47 years ago in 1970, organized by New York Road Runners Clubpresidents Fred Lebowand Vincent Chiappetta, with 127 competitors running several loops around the Park Drive of Central Park
Central Park
. Only about one-hundred spectators watched Gary Muhrckewin the race in 2:31:38. In fact, a total of only 55 runners crossed the finish line.

Over the years, the marathon grew larger and larger. To celebrate the U.S. bicentennial in 1976, city auditor George Spitz proposed that the race traverse all five boroughs. With the support of Manhattan Borough President Percy Sutton, the men convinced Mayor Beame and, eventually, race director Fred Lebow. The race was a huge success, and what was intended as a one-time celebration, became the annual course.

Dick Traum became the first person to complete a marathon with a prosthetic leg when he finished the 1976 New York City
New York City
Marathon. The marathon grew in popularity two years later when Norwegian Grete Waitz broke the women's world record, finishing in 2:32:30. She went on to win the race an unprecedented nine times. An official wheelchair and handcycle division was introduced in 2000, and starting in 2002, the elite women are given a 35-minute head start before the elite men and rest of the field.

The New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
has now become the largest marathon anywhere in the world. Each year nearly two million spectators line the course. Prior to 2013, the marathon was broadcast live in the New York area on WNBC
WNBC
, and on Universal Sports
Universal Sports
for the entire country, However, in 2013, WABC-TV
WABC-TV
and ESPN
ESPN
announced they would begin broadcasting the New York City
New York City
Marathon. The Marathon
Marathon
can also be watched online.

1974

On September 29, 1974, Norbert Sanderand Kathrine Switzer
Kathrine Switzer
became the only New York City
New York City
residents (so far) to win the New York City Marathon.

1978

Grete Waitz, the Norwegian long distance runner, sets a new course record for women at 2:32:30 and wins her first New York Marathon. Waitz goes on to win 9 New York Marathons, the most course wins in any category to date. She is widely acknowledged for having made a significant contribution to promote marathon and long-distance running for women. The New York Road Runnersclub annually sponsors "Grete's Great Gallop," a half-marathon, in her honor.

1979

In a normally trivial mistake, Rosie Ruizwas accidentally given a finish time of 2:56:29. This qualified her for the 1980 Boston Marathon
Marathon
, where she crossed the finish line with a record time of 2:31:56. It was quickly determined that she had not run the entire course in either race, igniting the best-known scandal in the history of modern distance running. New York Marathon
Marathon
chief Fred Lebow rescinded Ruiz's time after determining she had not finished the 1979 race, and officials in Boston
Boston
quickly followed suit.

1981

Alberto Salazar's 2:08:13 was initially considered to be a world\'s best in the marathon , but the mark was later rescinded by The Athletics Congress, now known as USA Track "> Runners before the race at Verrazano-Narrows Bridgein the 2007 marathon. Professional wheelers heading for the starting line in 2007.

The 2007 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
was held on Sunday, November 4. It was the final race of the 2006–2007 World Marathon
Marathon
Majors , a two-year series of elite marathon racing that also includes the Boston , Chicago , London and Berlin marathons.

However, there were very few elite American marathoners participating in 2007 because they competed the day before at the 2008 USA Men's Olympic Marathon
Marathon
Trials, which was held in conjunction with the New York City Marathon
Marathon
on some of the same course, three loops of which Trials were in Central Park.

Martin Lelfrom Kenya
Kenya
won the men's race in a time of 2:09:04, completing an impressive double of the 2007 London and New York Marathons.

The women's winner was the world Marathon
Marathon
record holder Paula Radcliffe from Great Britain
Great Britain
in a time of 2:23:09, one second faster than her 2004 win.

2008

The 2008 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
was held on Sunday, November 2. A field of 37,899 runners participated. The men's winner was Marílson Gomes dos Santos in 2:08:43. Paula Radcliffe
Paula Radcliffe
won her third NYC marathon in 2:23:56.

The 2008 marathon events were marred by the deaths of three marathon participants:

* Carlos Jose Gomes, 58, of Brazil
Brazil
fell unconscious shortly after completing the race in 4:12:15. An autopsy revealed that he had a pre-existing heart condition and died of a heart attack . * Joseph Marotta, 66, of Staten Island, N.Y. succumbed to a heart attack hours after he completed his fourth New York City
New York City
Marathon. He walked the course in 9:16:46. * Fred Costa, 41, from Cincinnati, OH collapsed at the marathon and died on November 15 of a heart attack.

2009

The 2009 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
was held Sunday November 1, 2009. Meb Keflezighi of the United States
United States
won the men's race (the first American since Alberto Salazarin 1982) with a time of 2:09:15 while Ethiopian Derartu Tulutook the women's crown in 2:28:52, the first Ethiopian woman to do so. This was the first marathon in history with more than 40,000 official finishers, as 43,660 crossed the finish, 5,053 more than the previous best at the 2008 edition of this race.

2010

Women lead pack at mile 17 in Manhattan
Manhattan
Main article: 2010 New York City Marathon
Marathon

The 2010 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
was held on November 7. Gebregziabher Gebremariam of Ethiopia, in his first ever marathon, won the race after breaking ahead of his last rival, Emmanuel Mutaiof Kenya, in the 25th mile to finish alone with a time of 2:08:14. The race featured 37-year-old world record holder Haile Gebrselassie, who ran with a bad knee and dropped out of the race at the 16th mile. Afterwards, he announced his retirement, but later reversed this decision. Edna Kiplagatwon the women's title with a time of 2 hours, 28 minutes, 20 seconds, ahead of American Shalane Flanagan.

The total number of official finishers, 44,829 (28,757 men and 16,072 women) was a new world record for a marathon race.

2011

Lead women in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Main article: 2011 New York City Marathon
Marathon

The 2011 Marathon
Marathon
was held on November 6. The men's event was won by Kenyan athlete Geoffrey Mutaiin a time of 2:05:06, breaking the ten-year-old course record. Second place runner, Emmanuel Mutai, also of Kenya, and third place runner, Tsegaye Kebede, of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
also beat the previous record for the event, with times of 2:06:28 and 2:07:14, respectively. Geoffrey Mutai, who won the Boston
Boston
Marathon earlier in the year, became the first man to win both races in course record time in the same year. Firehiwot Dadoof Ethiopia
Ethiopia
won the women's race in a time of 2:23:15, marking her first major marathon victory. Coming second, 4 seconds behind the leader originally from Ethiopia
Ethiopia
, but now living in the Bronx , was Bizunesh Deba
Bizunesh Deba
with a time of 2:23:19.

There were a world record 46,795 official finishers: 29,867 men and 16,928 women.

Edison Peña, famous for maintaining his running routine during the 69 days he was trapped in the 2010 Copiapó mining accident, ran the race. Former NHL
NHL
player, Mark Messier, finished with a time just over 4 hours at age 50. Retired Dutch soccer player, Edwin van der Sar , ran in 4:19 and said it was the toughest thing he had ever done. Former CART champion Alex Zanardiwon the handcycle class.

2012

The 2012 marathon was scheduled for November 4, 2012. Organizers planned to hold the event despite the Effects of Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy
in New York the week before.

On November 2, 2012, the marathon was canceled; Mayor Michael Bloomberg explained that: "While holding the race would not require diverting resources from the recovery effort, it is clear that it has become the source of controversy and division... We would not want a cloud to hang over the race or its participants, and so we have decided to cancel it." Three days earlier, Bloomberg said the marathon would take place. That declaration started a debate on whether to hold the race with thousands of residents still without electricity, public transportation, and other basic needs. Proponents for going ahead said that the event would give an economic and morale boost to the city, while opponents said the resources (such as food, water, and police) were better used elsewhere.

Some of the entrants ended up helping with cleanup efforts. Others chose to congregate and run an informal "Shadow Marathon" in Central Park. Controversy over the cancellation of the Marathon, the timing of the announcement and the repercussions of the decision, including criticism of New York Road RunnersCEO Mary Wittenberg, continued well after the 2012 race was meant to have taken place. As a resolution, all who were registered to run the 2012 race were offered three options: a refund; guaranteed, non-complimentary entry to the New York City Marathon
Marathon
in 2013, 2014, or 2015; or guaranteed, non-complimentary entry to the NYC Half 2013.

2013

Entering the Queensboro Bridge Main article: 2013 New York City Marathon
Marathon

The 2013 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
was run November 3, 2013. The race proved to be the clincher for the 2013 World Marathon
Marathon
Majors titles for both men and women. Duplicating their London Marathon
Marathon
wins from April 2013, Tsegaye Kebedeand Priscah Jeptooeach won $500,000 for their season wide efforts. After the 2012 cancellation, Geoffrey Mutai returned to become the first repeat winner in 15 years (John Kagwe in 1997-1998). Under windy conditions, his 2:08:24 was more than 3 minutes slower than in 2011. Mutai broke away around mile 22 to win by almost a minute over Ethiopian Tsegaye Kebede, who had finished third two years earlier. Jeptoo spotted Buzunesh Deba, an Ethiopian runner who has lived in the Bronx since 2009, 3 and a half minutes at the half marathon mark, but came back to pass her in the 24th mile.

2014

Lead women in Greenpoint, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Main article: 2014 New York City Marathon
Marathon

The 2014 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
was run on Sunday, November 2, 2014. It was announced on October 2, 2013, that the marathon's main sponsor would be Tata Consultancy Services
Tata Consultancy Services
starting in 2014. It is an eight-year deal, and the race is named the TCS New York City
New York City
Marathon. Wind was unusually high, blowing from the north on a mostly northbound course. Winners were Wilson Kipsangand Mary Keitany.

2015

Main article: 2015 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon

The 2015 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon
was run on Sunday, November 1, 2015. Winners were Stanley Biwottand Mary Keitany.

2016

Main article: 2016 New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon

_ THIS SECTION IS EMPTY. You can help by adding to it . (March 2017)_

WINNERS

Main article: List of winners of the New York City
New York City
Marathon
Marathon

REFERENCES

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Marathon
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Marathon
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ESPN
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WABC-TV
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New York City
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Marathon
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Marathon
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EXTERNAL