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NEW POP was a UK-based pop music movement of ambitious, DIY -minded artists who achieved commercial success in the early 1980s through sources such as MTV
MTV
. Rooted in the post-punk movement of the late 1970s, the movement spanned a wide variety of styles and artists, including acts such as The Human League and ABC .

"NEW MUSIC" is a roughly equivalent but slightly more expansive umbrella term used by the music industry and by American music journalists during the 1980s to characterize the "new" movements like New Pop
New Pop
and New Romanticism . New Music was a pop music and cultural phenomenon in the US associated with the Second British Invasion .

CONTENTS

* 1 Characteristics * 2 Etymology * 3 History * 4 Criticism and decline * 5 References * 6 Bibliography * 7 Further reading

CHARACTERISTICS

Many New Pop
New Pop
artists created music that sweetened less commercial and experimental aspects with a pop coating. Entryism became a popular concept for groups at the time. New Music acts were danceable, had an androgynous look, emphasized the synthesizer and drum machines , wrote about the darker side of romance, and were British . They rediscovered rockabilly , Motown , ska , reggae and merged it with African rhythms to produce what was described as a "fertile, stylistic cross-pollination". Author Simon Reynolds noted that the New Pop movement "involved a conscious and brave attempt to bridge the separation between \'progressive\' pop and mass/chart pop – a divide which has existed since 1967, and is also, broadly, one between boys and girls, middle-class and working-class."

The term "New Music" or "New Pop" was used loosely to describe synthpop groups such as the Human League
Human League
, soul-disco acts such as ABC , new wave acts such as Elvis Costello and the Pretenders , jangle pop bands such as Orange Juice , and American MTV
MTV
stars such as Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
. Stephen Holden of the _ New York Times
New York Times
_ wrote at the time that New Music was more about its practitioners than their sound. Teenage girls and males that had grown tired of traditional "phallic" guitar driven rock embraced New Music. New Music was a singles oriented (both 7 inch and the then new 12 inch) phenomenon, reverting the 1970s rock music album orientation .

ETYMOLOGY

During the late 1970s, "New Musick" was one of the labels that was applied to certain post-punk groups. The term "post-punk" was also deployed interchangeably with "new wave". In the _New Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock_ (2001), "new wave" is described as a "virtually meaningless" term. By the early 1980s, British journalists had largely abandoned "new wave" in favor of other terms such as "synthpop", and in 1983, the term of choice for the US music industry had become "new music".

HISTORY

_ Producer and New Musical Express _ writer Paul Morley
Paul Morley
(left), a pivotal figure in New Pop
New Pop

In the wake of the punk rock explosion of the late 1970s, the new wave and post-punk genres emerged, informed by a desire for experimentation, creativity and forward movement. Music journalist Paul Morley
Paul Morley
, whose writing in British music magazine the _NME _ championed the post-punk movement in late 1970s, has been credited as an influential voice in the development of New Pop
New Pop
following the dissipation of post-punk, advocating "overground brightness" over underground sensibilities. Around this time, the term "rockist " would gain popularity to disparagingly describe music that privileged traditionalist rock styles. According to _Pitchfork _'s Jess Harvel: "If new pop had an architect, it was Paul Morley
Paul Morley
."

As the 1980s began, a number of musicians desired to broaden these movements to reach a more mainstream audience. In 1980, the New Music Seminar made its debut. It was designed to help young new wave artists gain entrance into the American music industry. The event grew rapidly in popularity and encouraged the shift away from the use of "new wave" to "New Music" in the United States. A similar shift occurred in Great Britain where "new wave" was replaced with " New Romantic " and "New Pop". Unlike in Great Britain, attempts prior to 1982 to bring new wave and the music video to American audiences had brought mixed results. During 1982, New Music acts began to appear on the charts in the United States, and clubs there that played them were packed. "I hated the phrase 'new wave'. It sounded too trendy and could be gone in a year" —Dennis McNamara, program director who oversaw Long Island, New York radio station WLIR
WLIR
's 1982 change to a New Music format.

In reaction to New Music, album-oriented rock radio stations doubled the amount of new acts they played and the format "Hot Hits" emerged. By 1983, in a year when half of the new artists came out of New Music, acts such as Duran Duran , Culture Club and Men at Work were dominating the charts and creating an alternate music and cultural mainstream. Annie Lennox and Boy George were the two figures most associated with New Music.

CRITICISM AND DECLINE

Criticism of New Pop
New Pop
emerged from both supporters of traditional rock and newer experimental rock. These critics looked at New Pop
New Pop
as pro corporate at expense of rock music's anti-authoritarian tradition. Critics believed New Pop's embrace of synths and videos were ways of covering in many cases lack of talent. The heavy metal magazine _Hit Parader _ regularly used the homophobic slur "faggot " to describe New Music musicians. The 1985 Dire Straits song "Money for Nothing ", which hit number 1 in the United States, contained the line "The little faggot with the earring and the make-up" and used the term "faggot" several other times. The lyrics were taken verbatim from the language of a New York appliance store worker whom lead singer Mark Knopfler had observed watching MTV. Assistant professor/author/musician Theo Cateforis stated these are examples of homophobia used in the defense of "real rock" against new music.

Richard Blade , a disc jockey at Los Angeles radio station KROQ-FM , speaking of the late 1980s said, "You felt there was a winding-down of music. Thomas Dolby 's album had bombed, Duran had gone through a series of breakups, The Smiths had broken up, Spandau Ballet had gone away, and people were just shaking their heads going, 'What happened to all this new music?' ". Theo Cateforis contends that the New Music evolved into modern rock that while different, retained New Music's uptempo feel and still came from the rock disco/club scene.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Reynolds 2006 , p. 398. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ _K_ Harvel, Jess. "Now That\'s What I Call New Pop!". _ Pitchfork Media . 12 September 2005._ * ^ Reynolds 2005 , p. 338. * ^ Cateforis 2011 , pp. 12, 56. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Triumph of the New Newsweek on Campus reprinted by the Michigan Daily March 2, 1984 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Tarnished gold: the record industry revisited" Von R. Serge Denisoff, William L. Schurk, p. 441 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Reynolds 2005 . * ^ Cateforis 2011 , pp. 56–57. * ^ Cateforis 2011 , p. 26. * ^ Jackson, Josh (8 September 2016). "The 50 Best New Wave Albums". _Paste _. * ^ Cateforis 2011 , p. 11. * ^ Cateforis 2011 , p. 254. * ^ Cateforis 2011 , p. 56 * ^ Cateforis pp. 43-44 * ^ The Death of New Wave Theo Canteforis Syracuse University 2009 * ^ WLIR, Denis McNamara ushered a wave of new music, _ Newsday _, November 13, 2010 * ^ Cateforis p. 57 * ^ CANADIAN BROADCAST STANDARDS COUNCIL,ad hoc NATIONAL PANEL,Review of the Atlantic Regional Panel decision in CHOZ-FM re the song "Money for Nothing" by Dire Straits * ^ Cateforis p. 233 reference number 28 * ^ _KROQ: An Oral History_ * ^ Cateforis pp. 65-67

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Cateforis, Theo (2011). _Are We Not New Wave?: Modern Pop at the Turn of the 1980s_. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-03470-7 .

* Reynolds, Simon (2005). _Rip it Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978-1984_. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-303672-2 . * Reynolds, Simon (2006), " New Pop
New Pop
and its Aftermath", _On Record: Rock, Pop and the Written Word_, Routledge, ISBN 978-1-134-93951-0

FURTHER READING

* Rimmer, Dave. _Like Punk Never Happened: Culture Club and the New Pop_. Faber and Faber, 2011, ISBN 978-0571280261 .

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New wave music

RELATED GENRES

* 2 Tone * Mod revival * New wave of new wave * New Pop * New Romanticism * Post-punk * Synth-pop * Electroclash * Dark wave * Synthwave (1980s genre)

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