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_NEVERMIND_ is the second studio album by the American rock band Nirvana , released on September 24, 1991
1991
by DGC Records . Produced by Butch Vig
Butch Vig
, _Nevermind_ was the band's first release on DGC. It was also their first album to feature drummer Dave Grohl .

Despite low commercial expectations by the band and its record label , _Nevermind_ became a surprise success in late 1991, largely due to the popularity of its first single, " Smells Like Teen Spirit ". By January 1992, it had replaced Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
's album _Dangerous _ at number one on the US _Billboard_ 200 chart. The album also produced three other successful singles: " Come as You Are ", "Lithium ", and " In Bloom
In Bloom
". The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) has certified the album diamond (at least over 10 million copies shipped), and the album has sold at least 30 million copies worldwide, with 10,640,000 of those copies sold in the United States. _Nevermind_ was in part responsible for bringing both alternative rock and grunge to a large, mainstream audience, and has been ranked highly on lists of the greatest albums of all time by publications such as _ Rolling Stone _ and _Time _.

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Recording and production

* 3 Music

* 3.1 Lyrics

* 4 Title and artwork

* 5 Release

* 5.1 2011 Deluxe and Super Deluxe Editions

* 6 Critical reception * 7 Legacy

* 8 Track listing

* 8.1 20th-anniversary edition bonus tracks * 8.2 Super Deluxe Edition bonuses

* 9 Personnel

* 10 Charts and certifications

* 10.1 Original album weekly charts * 10.2 20th Anniversary Edition weekly charts * 10.3 Certifications * 10.4 Year-end charts * 10.5 Decade-end charts * 10.6 Singles charts * 10.7 Other charted songs

* 11 See also * 12 Notes * 13 References * 14 External links

BACKGROUND

Nirvana was a grunge rock band from Aberdeen, Washington , formed by Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic in 1987, that had signed to Seattle independent record label Sub Pop . The band released their debut album _Bleach _ in 1989, with Chad Channing on drums. However, Channing left Nirvana in 1990, and the band was in need of a permanent drummer. During a show by hardcore punk band Scream , the group's drummer, Dave Grohl , impressed Cobain and Novoselic. When Scream unexpectedly disbanded, Grohl contacted Novoselic, made his way to Seattle, and was soon invited to join the band. Novoselic said in retrospect that when Grohl joined the band, everything "fell into place".

Meanwhile, Cobain was writing a number of new songs. At the time Cobain was listening to bands like The Melvins , R.E.M. , The Smithereens , and the Pixies
Pixies
. Feeling disillusioned by the heavy detuned rock popular in the Seattle
Seattle
grunge scene upon which Sub Pop had built its image, Cobain—inspired by his contemporary listening habits—began writing songs that were more melodic. A key development was the single "Sliver ", released on Sub Pop in 1990 (before Grohl joined the band), which Cobain said "was like a statement in a way. I had to write a pop song and release it on a single to prepare people for the next record. I wanted to write more songs like that." Grohl said that the band at that point often made the analogy of likening their music to children's music, in that the band tried to make its songs as simple as possible.

By the start of the 1990s, Sub Pop was experiencing financial difficulties. With rumors that Sub Pop would sign up as a subsidiary of a major record label, the band decided to "cut out the middleman" and start to look for a major record label. A number of labels courted the band, but Nirvana ultimately signed with Geffen Records imprint DGC Records based upon repeated recommendations from Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth (an influential alternative rock band who Nirvana idolized) and their management company Gold Mountain.

RECORDING AND PRODUCTION

Nirvana enlisted producer Butch Vig
Butch Vig
at the suggestion of their former label Sub Pop .

In early 1990, Nirvana began planning its second album for Sub Pop, tentatively titled _Sheep_. For the album, Sub Pop head Bruce Pavitt suggested Butch Vig
Butch Vig
as a potential producer. Nirvana particularly liked Vig's work with Killdozer and called Vig up to tell him, "We want to sound as heavy as that record." In April 1990, the band traveled out to Vig's Smart Studios in Madison , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
to begin work on the album. Most of the basic song arrangements were completed by that time, but Cobain was still working on lyrics and the band was unsure of which songs to record. Ultimately, eight songs were recorded: "Immodium" (later renamed "Breed"), "Dive" (later released as the B-side to "Sliver"), " In Bloom
In Bloom
", "Pay to Play" (eventually renamed "Stay Away" and given a new set of lyrics), "Sappy", "Lithium ", "Here She Comes Now " (released on _Velvet Underground Tribute Album: Heaven and Hell Volume 1_), and "Polly". The band had planned to record more tracks, but Cobain severely strained his voice on "Lithium," forcing Nirvana to shut down recording. Vig was told that the group would come back to record more songs, but the producer did not hear anything for a while. Instead, Nirvana used the sessions as a demo tape to shop for a new label. Within a few months, the tape was circulating amongst major labels, creating a buzz around the group.

After signing to DGC, a number of producers for the album were suggested, including Scott Litt , David Briggs , and Don Dixon , but Nirvana still wanted Butch Vig. Novoselic noted in 2001 that the band was already nervous about recording on a major label, and the producers suggested by DGC wanted percentage points for working on the album. Instead, the band held out for Vig, with whom they felt comfortable collaborating. Afforded a budget of $65,000, Nirvana recorded _Nevermind_ at Sound City Studios in Van Nuys
Van Nuys
, California
California
in May and June 1991. Nirvana was originally set to record the album during March and April 1991, but the date kept getting pushed back in spite of the band's eagerness to begin the sessions. To earn gas money to get to Los Angeles, Nirvana played a show where they performed " Smells Like Teen Spirit " for the first time. The band sent Vig some rehearsal tapes prior to the sessions that featured songs recorded previously at Smart Studios, along with some new ones including "Smells Like Teen Spirit" and " Come as You Are ".

When the group arrived in California, Nirvana did a few days of pre-production where the band and Vig tightened up some of the song arrangements. The only recording carried over from the Smart Studios sessions was the song "Polly", which included cymbal crashes performed by Chad Channing. Once recording commenced, the band worked eight to ten hours a day. The band members tended to take two or three tries at instrumental takes; if the takes were not satisfactory at that point, they would move on to something else. The group had rehearsed the songs so much before recording started that often only a few takes were needed. Cobain used a variety of guitars, from Stratocasters to jaguars , and Novoselic used a black 1979 and natural 1976 Gibson Ripper. Novoselic and Grohl finished their bass and drum tracks in a matter of days, but Cobain had to work longer on guitar overdubs, singing, and particularly lyrics (which sometimes were finished mere minutes before recording). Cobain's phrasing was so consistent on various takes that Vig would mix the takes together to create overdubs. Vig says that he often had to trick Cobain into recording additional takes for overdubs since the singer was averse to performing multiple takes. In particular, Vig convinced Cobain to double-track his vocals on the song "In Bloom" by telling him "John Lennon did it." While the sessions went well generally, Vig said Cobain would become moody and difficult at times: "He'd be great for an hour, and then he'd sit in a corner and say nothing for an hour."

After the recording sessions were completed, Vig and the band set out to mix the album. However, after a few days, both Vig and the band members realized that they were unhappy with how the mixes were turning out. As a result, they decided to call in someone else to oversee the mixing, with Geffen Records imprint DGC supplying a list of possible options. The list contained several familiar names, including Scott Litt (known for his work with R.E.M.) and Ed Stasium (known for his work with The Ramones and The Smithereens). However, Cobain feared that bringing in known mixers would result in the album sounding like the work of those bands. Instead, Cobain chose Andy Wallace (who had co-produced Slayer
Slayer
's 1990 album _Seasons in the Abyss _) from the bottom of the list. Novoselic recalled, "We said, 'right on,' because those Slayer
Slayer
records were so heavy." Wallace ran the songs through various special effects boxes and tweaked the drum sounds, completing about one mix per day. Both Wallace and Vig noted years later that upon hearing Wallace's work the band loved the mixes. After the album's release, however, members of Nirvana expressed dissatisfaction with the polished sound the mixer had given _Nevermind_. Cobain said in _Come as You Are_, "Looking back on the production of _Nevermind_, I'm embarrassed by it now. It's closer to a Mötley Crüe record than it is a punk rock record."

_Nevermind_ was mastered on the afternoon of August 2 at The Mastering Lab in Hollywood, California. Howie Weinberg started working alone when no one else showed up at the appointed time in the studio; by the time Nirvana, Andy Wallace, and Gary Gersh arrived, Weinberg had mastered most of the album. One of the songs mastered at the session, a hidden track called "Endless, Nameless" intended to appear at the end of "Something in the Way", was accidentally left off initial pressings of the album. Weinberg recalled, "In the beginning, it was kind of a verbal thing to put that track at the end. Maybe I misconstrued their instructions, so you can call it my mistake if you want. Maybe I didn't write it down when Nirvana or the record company said to do it. So, when they pressed the first twenty thousand or so CDs, albums, and cassettes, it wasn't on there." When the band discovered the song's omission after listening to its copy of the album, Cobain called Weinberg and demanded he rectify the mistake. Weinberg complied and added about ten minutes of silence between the end of "Something in the Way" and the start of the hidden track on future pressings of the album.

MUSIC

_ "Smells Like Teen Spirit" A sample of " Smells Like Teen Spirit ", the first track on the album. The sample illustrates the change in dynamics from verse to pre-chorus and chorus. The band maintains the chord progression throughout, relying on the changes in dynamics and the reintroduction of the main guitar riff at the end to indicate the shifts between sections. ------------------------- "Come as You Are" A sample of " Come as You Are ", the second single from Nevermind_. Guitarist Kurt Cobain uses a chorus pedal when playing his guitar, creating a "watery" effect. ------------------------- "Polly" A sample of "Polly ", which was inspired by a news article about the abduction, torture, and rape in June 1987 of a 14-year-old girl by Gerald Arthur Friend that Cobain had read. -------------------------

_Problems playing these files? See media help ._

Cobain, Nirvana's main songwriter, fashioned chord sequences using primarily power chords and wrote songs that combined pop hooks with dissonant guitar riffs. His aim for _Nevermind_'s material was to sound like " The Knack and the Bay City Rollers getting molested by Black Flag and Black Sabbath
Black Sabbath
". Many of the songs on _Nevermind_ feature shifts in dynamics, where the band changes from quiet verses to loud choruses. Dave Grohl said this approach originated during a four-month period prior to the recording of the album, where the band would experiment with extreme dynamics during regular jam sessions.

_ Guitar World
Guitar World
_ wrote, "Kurt Cobain's guitar sound on Nirvana's _Nevermind_ set the tone for Nineties rock music." On _Nevermind_, Cobain played a 1960s Fender Mustang , a Fender Jaguar with DiMarzio pickups, and a few Fender Stratocasters with humbucker bridge pickups. The guitarist used distortion and chorus pedals as his main effects, the latter used to generate a "watery" sound on "Come as You Are" and the pre-choruses of "Smells Like Teen Spirit". Krist Novoselic tuned down his bass guitar one and a half steps to D flat "to get this fat-ass sound."

LYRICS

Grohl has said that Cobain told him, "Music comes first and lyrics come second," and Grohl believes that above all Cobain focused on the melodies of his songs. Cobain was still working on the album's lyrics well into the recording of _Nevermind._ Additionally, Cobain's phrasing on the album is often difficult to understand. Vig asserted that clarity of Cobain's singing was not paramount. Vig said, "Even though you couldn't quite tell what he was singing about, you knew it was intense as hell." Cobain would later complain when rock journalists attempted to decipher his singing and extract meaning from his lyrics, writing "Why in the hell do journalists insist on coming up with a second-rate Freudian evaluation of my lyrics, when 90 percent of the time they've transcribed them incorrectly?"

Charles R. Cross asserted in his 2001 biography of Kurt Cobain, _ Heavier Than Heaven _, that many of the songs written for _Nevermind_ were about Cobain's dysfunctional relationship with Tobi Vail . After their relationship ended, Cobain began writing and painting violent scenes, many of which revealed a hatred for himself and others. Songs written during this period were less violent, but still reflected anger absent from Cobain's earlier songs. Cross wrote, "In the four months following their break-up, Kurt would write a half dozen of his most memorable songs, all of them about Tobi Vail." "Drain You" begins with the line, "One baby to another said 'I'm lucky to have met you,'" quoting what Vail had once told Cobain, and the line "It is now my duty to completely drain you" refers to the power Vail had over Kurt in their relationship. According to Novoselic, "'Lounge Act' is about Tobi," and the song contains the line "I'll arrest myself, I'll wear a shield," referring to Cobain having the K Records logo tattooed on his arm to impress Vail. Though "Lithium" had been written before Cobain knew Vail, the lyrics of the song were changed to reference her. Cobain also said in an interview with _Musician _ that "some of my very personal experiences, like breaking up with girlfriends and having bad relationships, feeling that death void that the person in the song is feeling–very lonely, sick."

TITLE AND ARTWORK

The album's tentative title _Sheep_ was something Cobain created as an inside joke directed towards the people he expected to buy the record. He wrote a fake advertisement for _Sheep_ in his journal that read "Because you want to not; because everyone else is." Novoselic said the inspiration for the title was the band's cynicism about the public's reaction to Operation Desert Storm . As recording sessions for the album were completed, Cobain grew tired of the title and suggested to Novoselic that the new album be named _Nevermind_. Cobain liked the title because it was a metaphor for his attitude on life and because it was grammatically incorrect.

The _Nevermind_ album cover shows a naked baby boy, alone underwater with a US dollar bill on a fishhook just out of his reach. According to Cobain, he conceived of the idea while watching a television program on water births with Grohl. Cobain mentioned it to Geffen's art director Robert Fisher . Fisher found some stock footage of underwater births but they were too graphic for the record company. Also, the stock house that controlled the photo of a swimming baby that they subsequently settled on wanted $7,500 a year for its use; so, instead Fisher sent a photographer to a pool for babies to take pictures. Five shots resulted and the band settled on the image of a four-month-old infant named Spencer Elden , the son of the photographer's friend. However, there was some concern because Elden's penis was visible in the image. Geffen prepared an alternate cover without the penis, as they were afraid that it would offend people, but relented when Cobain made it clear that the only compromise he would accept was a sticker covering the penis that would say, "If you're offended by this, you must be a closet pedophile."

The back cover of the album features a photograph of a rubber monkey in front of a collage created by Cobain. The collage features photos of raw beef from a supermarket advertisement, images from Dante\'s _Inferno _, and pictures of diseased vaginas from Cobain's collection of medical photos. Cobain noted, "If you look real close, there is a picture of Kiss in the back standing on a slab of beef." The album's liner notes contain no complete song lyrics; instead, the liner contains random song lyrics and unused lyrical fragments that Cobain arranged into a poem. However, the single for "Lithium" contains lyrics for each song in _Nevermind_.

RELEASE

_Nevermind_ was released on September 24, 1991. American record stores received an initial shipment of 46,251 copies, while 35,000 copies were shipped in the United Kingdom, where _Bleach_ had been successful. The lead single "Smells Like Teen Spirit" had been released on September 10 with the intention of being a base-building cut among alternative rock fans, while the next single "Come as You Are " would be the song that would possibly garner more attention. The band set out on a short American tour four days before the release date to support the album. Geffen Records hoped that _Nevermind_ would sell around 250,000 copies, which was the same level the record company had achieved with Sonic Youth's Geffen debut _Goo _. The best estimate was that if all involved worked hard, the record could possibly be certified Gold by September 1992.

The album debuted on the _Billboard_ 200 at number 144. Geffen shipped about half of the initial US pressing to the American Northwest, where it sold out quickly and was unavailable for days. Geffen reputedly put production of all other albums on hold in order to fulfill demand in the region. _Nevermind_ was already selling well but, over the next few months, the momentum increased significantly as "Smells Like Teen Spirit" unexpectedly became more and more popular. The song's video had received a world premiere on MTV
MTV
's late night alternative show _ 120 Minutes _ but it soon proved so popular that the channel began playing it during the day. The record was soon certified Gold, but the band was relatively uninterested in the achievement. Novoselic recalled, "Yeah I was happy about it. It was pretty cool. It was kind of neat. But I don't give a shit about some kind of achievement like that. It's cool—I guess."

As the band set out for their European tour at the start of November 1991, _Nevermind_ entered the _Billboard_ Top 40 for the first time at number 35. By this point, "Smells Like Teen Spirit" had become a genuine hit and the album was selling so fast none of Geffen's marketing strategies aimed at different sales levels could be enacted. Geffen president Ed Rosenblatt told _ The New York Times _, "We didn't do anything. It was just one of those 'Get out of the way and duck' records." Nirvana found as they toured Europe during the end of 1991 that the shows were dangerously oversold, television crews became a constant presence onstage, and "Smells Like Teen Spirit" was almost omnipresent on radio and music television.

_Nevermind_ became Nirvana's first number one album on January 11, 1992, replacing Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
at the top of the _Billboard_ charts. By this time, _Nevermind_ was selling approximately 300,000 copies a week. "Come as You Are" was finally released as the second single in March 1992, also becoming a hit; it peaked at number nine on the UK Singles Chart and at number 32 on the _Billboard_ Hot 100 singles chart. Two more singles, "Lithium" and "In Bloom", were released from the album, which peaked at number 11 and 28 on the UK Singles Chart respectively.

_Nevermind_ was certified Gold and Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in November 1991
1991
and was certified Diamond in March 1999. It was also certified Diamond in Canada (1,000,000 units sold) by the Canadian Recording Industry Association in March 2001 and five times Platinum in the United Kingdom. In 1996, Mobile Fidelity Sound Labs released _Nevermind_ on vinyl as part of its ANADISQ 200 series, and as a 24-carat gold Compact Disc. The CD pressings included "Endless, Nameless". The LP version quickly sold out its limited pressing but the CD edition stayed in print for years. In 2009 Original Recordings Group released _Nevermind_ on limited edition 180g blue vinyl and regular 180g black vinyl mastered and cut by Bernie Grundman from the original analog tapes. It has been praised in reviews for sound quality.

2011 DELUXE AND SUPER DELUXE EDITIONS

In September 2011, in honor of the album's 20th anniversary, Universal Music Enterprises released a 2-CD Deluxe Edition and a 4-CD/1-DVD Super Deluxe Edition of _Nevermind_. The first disc on both editions features the original album with studio and live b-sides. The second disc on both editions features early recordings of sessions that featured songs that would later appear on the album, including the Smart Studio sessions and some band rehearsals recorded with a boombox . The second disc is rounded out by two BBC
BBC
session recordings. The third disc, exclusive to the Super Deluxe Edition, features alternate mixes made by Butch Vig, dubbed the 'Devonshire Mixes', of all the songs on the album except "Polly" and "Endless, Nameless". The fourth and fifth discs on the Super Deluxe Editions are CD and DVD versions of _Live at the Paramount _.

CRITICAL RECEPTION

PROFESSIONAL RATINGS

REVIEW SCORES

SOURCE RATING

AllMusic _

Blender _ _

Chicago Tribune
Chicago Tribune
_ _

Christgau\'s Consumer Guide _ A

_ Entertainment Weekly _ A−

_ Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
_ _

NME _ 9/10

_ Rolling Stone _ _

The Rolling Stone Album
Album
Guide _ _

Select _ 4/5

Geffen's press promotion for _Nevermind_ was lower than that typical of a major record label. The label's publicist primarily targeted music publications with long lead times for publication as well as magazines in the Seattle
Seattle
area. The unexpectedly positive feedback from critics who had received the album convinced the label to consider increasing the album's original print run.

At first, _Nevermind_ did not receive many reviews, and many publications ignored the album. Months after its release and after "Smells Like Teen Spirit" garnered airplay, print media organizations were "scrambling" to cover the phenomenon the album had become. However, by that point, much of the attention fell on Cobain rather than the album itself. The reviews that did initially appear were largely positive. Karen Schoemer of _The New York Times_ wrote, "With 'Nevermind,' Nirvana has certainly succeeded. There are enough intriguing textures, mood shifts, instrumental snippets and inventive word plays to provide for hours of entertainment." Schoemer concluded, "'Nevermind' is more sophisticated and carefully produced than anything peer bands like Dinosaur Jr.
Dinosaur Jr.
and Mudhoney have yet offered." _ Entertainment Weekly _ gave _Nevermind_ an A– rating, and reviewer David Browne argued that on _Nevermind_, Nirvana "never entertain the notion" of wanting to sound "normal," compared to other contemporary alternative bands. Concluding his very enthusiastic review for the British _ Melody Maker _, Everett True wrote that "When Nirvana released _Bleach_ all those years ago, the more sussed among us figured they had the potential to make an album that would blow every other contender away. My God have they proved us right." _Spin _ gave _Nevermind_ a favorable review stating that "you'll be humming all the songs for the rest of your life—or at least until your CD-tape-album wears out." _Select _ compared the band to Jane\'s Addiction , Sonic Youth , and the Pixies
Pixies
, stating that the album "proves that Nirvana truly belong in such high company."

Some of the reviews were not entirely positive. _ Rolling Stone _ originally gave the album three out of five stars. Reviewer Ira Robbins wrote, "If Nirvana isn't onto anything altogether new, _Nevermind_ does possess the songs, character and confident spirit to be much more than a reformulation of college radio's high-octane hits." _ The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
_ was less enthusiastic about the album; reviewer Steve Morse wrote, "Most of _Nevermind_ is packed with generic punk-pop that had been done by countless acts from Iggy Pop
Iggy Pop
to the Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
," and added "the band has little or nothing to say, settling for moronic ramblings by singer-lyricist Cobain."

_Nevermind_ was voted as the best album of the year in _The Village Voice _ Pazz "Smells Like Teen Spirit" also topped the single of the year and video of the year polls. _Nevermind_ topped the poll by a large majority, and _Village Voice_ critic Robert Christgau wrote in his companion piece to the poll, "As a modest pop surprise they might have scored a modest victory, like De La Soul
De La Soul
in 1990. Instead, their multi-platinum takeover constituted the first full-scale public validation of the Amerindie values—the noise, the toons, the 'tude—the radder half of the _Nevermind_'s success surprised Nirvana's contemporaries, who felt dwarfed by its impact. Fugazi 's Guy Picciotto later commented: "It was like our record could have been a hobo pissing in the forest for the amount of impact it had. It felt like we were playing ukuleles all of a sudden because of the disparity of the impact of what they did". Karen Schoemer of the New York Times added that "What's unusual about Nirvana's "Nevermind" is that it caters to neither a mainstream audience nor the indie rock fans who supported the group's debut album." In 1992, Jon Pareles of _The New York Times_ described that in the aftermath of the album's breakthrough, "Suddenly, all bets are off. No one has the inside track on which of dozens, perhaps hundreds, of ornery, obstreperous, unkempt bands might next appeal to the mall-walking millions". Record company executives offered large advances and record deals to bands, and previous strategies of building audiences for alternative rock bands had been replaced by the opportunity to achieve mainstream popularity quickly.

Michael Azerrad argued in his Nirvana biography _Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana _ (1993) that _Nevermind_ marked an epochal generational shift in music similar to the rock-and-roll explosion in the 1950s and the end of the baby boomer generation's dominance of the musical landscape. Azerrad wrote, "_Nevermind_ came along at exactly the right time. This was music by, for, and about a whole new group of young people who had been overlooked, ignored, or condescended to." In its citation placing it at number 17 in its 2003 list of the 500 greatest albums of all time , _Rolling Stone_ said, "No album in recent history had such an overpowering impact on a generation—a nation of teens suddenly turned punk—and such a catastrophic effect on its main creator." Gary Gersh, who signed Nirvana to Geffen Records, added that "There is a pre-Nirvana and post-Nirvana record business...'Nevermind' showed that this wasn't some alternative thing happening off in a corner, and then back to reality. This is reality."

_Nevermind_ has continued to garner critical praise since its release. The album was listed at number 17 on _Rolling Stone_'s list " The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time ". _Rolling Stone_ also rated _Nevermind_ as the number one best album of the 1990s, calling it the "album that guaranteed the nineties would not suck." _Time_ placed _Nevermind_, which writer Josh Tyrangiel called "the finest album of the 90s", on its 2006 list of "The All-TIME 100 Albums". Pitchfork named the album the sixth best of the decade, noting that "anyone who hates this record today is just trying to be cool, and needs to be trying harder." In 2006, readers of Guitar World
Guitar World
ranked _Nevermind_ 8th on a list of the 100 Greatest Guitar
Guitar
Recordings. _Entertainment Weekly_ named it the 10th best album of all time on their 2013 list. In 2005, the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
added _Nevermind_ to the National Recording Registry , which collects "culturally, historically or aesthetically important" sound recordings from the 20th century.

On the other hand, _Nevermind_ was voted the "Most Overrated Album
Album
in the World" in a 2005 BBC
BBC
public poll.

TRACK LISTING

All songs were written by Kurt Cobain , except where noted.

NO. TITLE LENGTH

1. " Smells Like Teen Spirit " (Cobain, Dave Grohl , Krist Novoselic ) 5:01

2. " In Bloom
In Bloom
" 4:14

3. " Come as You Are " 3:39

4. "Breed " 3:03

5. "Lithium " 4:17

6. "Polly " 2:57

7. "Territorial Pissings" (Cobain, Chet Powers ) 2:22

8. " Drain You " 3:43

9. "Lounge Act" 2:36

10. "Stay Away" 3:32

11. " On a Plain " 3:16

12. " Something in the Way " 3:46

NOTES

* Later pressings include "Endless, Nameless", a hidden track which begins after 10 minutes of silence following "Something in the Way", making track 12's total length 20:35.

20TH-ANNIVERSARY EDITION BONUS TRACKS

DISC ONE

* "Endless, Nameless" ( Hidden track on some pressings of _Nevermind_) – 6:44 * "Even in His Youth" ("Smells Like Teen Spirit" b-side) – 3:03 * "Aneurysm " (Cobain, Novoselic, Grohl) ("Smells Like Teen Spirit" b-side) – 4:46 * "Curmudgeon" (Cobain, Novoselic, Grohl) ("Lithium" b-side) – 2:59 * "D-7 " ( Greg Sage ) ("Lithium" b-side) – 3:45 * "Been a Son" (Live, "Lithium" b-side) – 2:31 * "School" (Live, "Come as You Are" b-side) – 2:33 * "Drain You" (Live, "Come as You Are" b-side) – 3:53 * "Sliver " (Live, "In Bloom" b-side) – 2:04 * "Polly" (Live, "In Bloom" b-side) – 2:47

DISC TWO – Smart Sessions, Boombox
Boombox
Rehearsals, BBC
BBC
Sessions

* "In Bloom" (April 1990, Smart Studios) – 4:32 * "Immodium (Breed)" (April 1990, Smart Studios) – 3:15 * "Lithium" (April 1990, Smart Studios) – 4:31 * "Polly" (April 1990, Smart Studios) – 2:59 * "Pay to Play" (April 1990, Smart Studios) – 3:29 (Originally released on the _ DGC Rarities Vol. 1 _ compilation album in 1994, this song was recorded in 1990 and eventually evolved into "Stay Away" on _Nevermind_ in 1991
1991
with new lyrics). * "Here She Comes Now " ( John Cale , Lou Reed , Maureen Tucker , Sterling Morrison
Sterling Morrison
) (April 1990, Smart Studios) – 5:01 (Originally released on the _Heaven text-align:left; vertical-align:top;">

ORIGINAL ALBUM WEEKLY CHARTS

CHARTS (1992) Peak position

Australian Albums (ARIA ) 2

Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria ) 2

Canadian Albums (RPM ) 1

Dutch Albums ( MegaCharts ) 3

Finnish Albums ( The Official Finnish Charts ) 1

French Albums (SNEP ) 1

German Albums (Offizielle Top 100 ) 3

Hungarian Albums ( Mahasz ) 12

New Zealand Albums (RMNZ ) 2

Norwegian Albums ( VG-lista ) 2

Spanish Albums ( Spanish Albums Chart ) 2

Swedish Albums ( Sverigetopplistan ) 1

Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade ) 2

UK Albums (OCC ) 7

US _Billboard_ 200 1

CHARTS (2015) Peak position

Polish Albums (ZPAV ) 11

20TH ANNIVERSARY EDITION WEEKLY CHARTS

CHART (2011) Peak position

Belgian Albums ( Ultratop Wallonia) 7

Danish Albums ( Hitlisten ) 16

Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista ) 41

French Albums (SNEP ) 5

Italian Albums (FIMI ) 20

Japanese Albums ( Oricon ) 26

Mexican Albums ( Top 100 Mexico ) 43

Portuguese Albums (AFP ) 1

Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE ) 12

US Top Catalog Albums (_Billboard_ ) 2

CERTIFICATIONS

REGION CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED UNITS /SALES

ARGENTINA (CAPIF ) 3× Platinum 180,000^

AUSTRALIA (ARIA ) 5× Platinum 350,000^

AUSTRIA (IFPI AUSTRIA) Platinum 50,000*

BELGIUM (BEA ) 3× Platinum 150,000*

BRAZIL (PRO-MúSICA BRASIL ) Platinum 250,000*

CANADA (MUSIC CANADA ) Diamond 1,000,000^

FINLAND (MUSIIKKITUOTTAJAT ) Gold 46,830

FRANCE (SNEP ) Diamond 1,690,000

GERMANY (BVMI ) 2× Platinum 1,000,000^

ITALY (FIMI ) Platinum 100,000*

JAPAN (RIAJ ) 3× Platinum 600,000

MEXICO ( AMPROFON ) 2× Gold 200,000^

NEW ZEALAND (RMNZ ) 7× Platinum 105,000^

POLAND (ZPAV ) Platinum 100,000*

SWEDEN (GLF ) 2× Platinum 200,000^

SWITZERLAND (IFPI SWITZERLAND) Platinum 50,000^

UNITED KINGDOM (BPI ) 5× Platinum 1,807,142

UNITED STATES (RIAA ) Diamond 10,640,000

*sales figures based on certification alone ^shipments figures based on certification alone

YEAR-END CHARTS

CHART (1992) POSITION

AUSTRALIAN ALBUMS (ARIA) 17

CHART (1995) POSITION

AUSTRALIAN ALBUMS (ARIA) 35

CHART (1996) POSITION

AUSTRALIAN ALBUMS (ARIA) 49

CHART (2015) POSITION

AUSTRALIAN ALBUMS (ARIA) 98

ITALIAN ALBUMS (FIMI) 98

UK VINYL ALBUMS (OFFICIAL CHARTS COMPANY ) 13

CHART (2016) POSITION

ITALIAN ALBUMS (FIMI) 89

POLISH ALBUMS (ZPAV ) 96

UK VINYL ALBUMS (OFFICIAL CHARTS COMPANY ) 10

DECADE-END CHARTS

CHART (1990–1999) POSITION

U.S. _Billboard_ 200 32

SINGLES CHARTS

YEAR SONG PEAK CHART POSITIONS CERTIFICATIONS

US US Main US Mod AUS BEL CAN FIN FR IRE ITA NLD NZ SPN SWE UK

1991 " Smells Like Teen Spirit " 6 7 1 5 1 9 8 1 15 3 3 1 1 3 7

* US: Platinum (physical) * US: Gold (digital) * AUS: Gold * DEN: Platinum * IT: Platinum * NZ: Gold * SWE: Gold * UK: Platinum

1992 " Come as You Are " 32 3 3 25 15 27 8 12 7 8 16 3 16 24 9

* IT: Gold * UK: Silver

"Lithium " 64 16 25 53 28 83 1 — 5 16 17 28 13 — 11

* UK: Silver

" In Bloom
In Bloom
" — 5 — 73 — — 16 — 7 — 87 20 — 30 28

"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that territory.

OTHER CHARTED SONGS

YEAR SONG PEAK POSITIONS

US Mod

1992 " On a Plain " 25

SEE ALSO

* 1991 in music * _Classic Albums: Nirvana – Nevermind
Nevermind
_ * _ Nevermind
Nevermind
It\'s an Interview _ * List of best-selling albums * List of best-selling albums in the United States * _ Off the Deep End _

NOTES

* ^ "This Day in Music Spotlight: Nirvana Begins Recording ‘Nevermind’". .gibson.com. Retrieved 2014-04-05. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _Classic Albums—Nirvana: Nevermind_ . Isis Productions, 2004. * ^ Azerrad, 1993. p. 145 * ^ Azerrad, 1993. p. 162 * ^ _A_ _B_ Hoi, Tobias. "In Bloom." _ Guitar
Guitar
World_. October 2001. * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 29 * ^ Azerrad, 1993. p. 137 * ^ Azerrad, 1993. p. 138 * ^ Azerrad, 1993. p. 164–65 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Cross, Charles R. "Requiem for a Dream". _ Guitar
Guitar
World_. October 2001. * ^ Sandford 1995, p. 181 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 167 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 169 * ^ _A_ _B_ Azerrad 1993, p. 174 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 176 * ^ di Perna, Alan. " Grunge Music: The Making of Nevermind". _ Guitar
Guitar
World_. Fall 1996. * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 96 * ^ _A_ _B_ Azerrad 1993, p. 179–80 * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 99 * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 102 * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 103 * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 104 * ^ Lewis, Luke. "Nirvana – Nevermind". _Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge_. December 2005. * ^ di Perna, Alan. "Absolutely Foobulous!" _ Guitar
Guitar
World_. August 1997. * ^ "Cobainspotting". _ Guitar
Guitar
World_. October 2001. * ^ Cross 2001, p. 182 * ^ Cross 2001, p. 168–69 * ^ Morris, Chris. "The Year's Hottest Band Can't Stand Still." _Musician_, January 1992. * ^ Cross 2001, p. 154 * ^ Cross 2001, p. 189 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 180–81 * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 108 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 209 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 196 * ^ _A_ _B_ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 113 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 227 * ^ Wice, Nathaniel. "How Nirvana Made It". _Spin_. April 1992. * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 193 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 198 * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 119 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 199 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 202 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 228 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 203 * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 229 * ^ Nirvana - Awards". _ AllMusic _. Retrieved on 14 July 2013. * ^ "Nirvana - Artist Chart History". Official Chart Company . Retrieved on 14 July 2013. * ^ RIAA Searchable Database Archived June 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine .. RIAA.com. Retrieved on March 10, 2007. NB user needs to enter "Nirvana" in "Artist" and click "search". * ^ Gold & Platinum – March 2001 Archived October 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine .. CRIA.ca. March 2001. Retrieved on September 27, 2007. * ^ Certified Award Search – Nirvana – Nevermind
Nevermind
Archived February 6, 2013, at WebCite . British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved on August 3, 2011. NB user needs to enter "Nirvana" in the field "Search", select "Artist" in the field "Search by", and click "Go"."Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved 2011-12-18. * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 148–49 * ^ " Nevermind
Nevermind
and Original Recordings Group". Stereophile.com. * ^ "Deluxe Edition of Nirvana\'s Nevermind
Nevermind
Coming Out This Year". UpVenue.com. June 22, 2011. Retrieved on June 23, 2011. * ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas . " Nevermind
Nevermind
– Nirvana". AllMusic . Retrieved April 9, 2015. * ^ Wolk, Douglas (April 2008). "Back Catalogue: Nirvana". _Blender _ (68): 88–89. * ^ Kot, Greg (October 10, 1991). "Nirvana: Nevermind
Nevermind
(DGC)". _ Chicago Tribune
Chicago Tribune
_. Retrieved October 27, 2015. * ^ Christgau, Robert (2000). "Nirvana: Nevermind". _Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s_. Macmillan Publishers . ISBN 0-312-24560-2 . * ^ _A_ _B_ Browne, David (October 25, 1991). "Nevermind". _ Entertainment Weekly _. Retrieved August 11, 2009. * ^ Gold, Jonathan (October 6, 1991). "Power Trio, Pop Craft: Nirvana: \'Nevermind\', DGC". _ Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
_. Retrieved October 27, 2015. * ^ Lamacq, Steve (September 21, 1991). "Nirvana – Nevermind". _ NME _. Archived from the original on August 17, 2000. Retrieved October 27, 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ Robbins, Ira (November 28, 1991). "Nevermind". _Rolling Stone _. Retrieved February 14, 2012. * ^ Young, Charles M. (2004). "Nirvana". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. _The New Rolling Stone Album
Album
Guide _. Simon & Schuster . pp. 589–90. ISBN 0-743-20169-8 . * ^ _A_ _B_ Perry, Andrew (October 1991). "Nirvana: Nevermind". _Select _ (16): 68. * ^ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 116-117 * ^ Schoemer, Karen. "Pop/Jazz; A Band That Deals In Apathy". _The New York Times_. September 27, 1991. Retrieved on September 27, 2007. * ^ True, Everett. _Nirvana: The Biography_. Da Capo Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-306-81554-6 . p. 233. * ^ Spencer, Lauren. _Nevermind_ review. _Spin_. December 1991. * ^ _A_ _B_ Berkenstadt; Cross, p. 117 * ^ Christgau, Robert.""The 1991
1991
Pazz ">"". Archived from the original on May 7, 2006. Retrieved 2007-05-19. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) . RobertChristgau.com. March 3, 1992. Retrieved on May 19, 2007. * ^ Christgau, Robert. "Reality Used to Be a Friend of Ours". RobertChristgau.com. March 3, 1992. Retrieved on September 29, 2007. * ^ Olsen, Eric. "10 years later, Cobain lives on in his music". MSNBC.com. April 9, 2004. Retrieved on September 27, 2007. * ^ Azerrad, 2001. p. 493 * ^ Schoemer, Karen (26 January 1992). "The Art Behind Nirvana\'s Ascent to the Top: Not many bands come up from the underground to hit No. 1 as fast as this Seattle
Seattle
trio -- or make so few musical concessions.". _New York Times_. Retrieved February 14, 2016 – via New York Times. * ^ Pareles, Jon. "Pop View; Nirvana-bes Awaiting Fame\'s Call". _The New York Times_. June 14, 1992. Retrieved on June 3, 2008. * ^ Azerrad 1993, p. 225 * ^ _A_ _B_ 17: Nevermind
Nevermind
- Nirvana. _Rolling Stone_. Retrieved on February 12, 2012. * ^ Pareles, Jon (14 Nov 1993). "Nirvana, the Band That Hates to Be Loved: The Band That Hates to Be Loved". _New York Times_. Retrieved February 14, 2016 – via New York Times. * ^ 1: Nevermind
Nevermind
- Nirvana. _Rolling Stone_. Retrieved on October 7, 2013. * ^ Tyrangiel, Josh. "_Nevermind_ by Nirvana". _Time_. November 13, 2006. Retrieved on September 29, 2007. * ^ "_Top 100 Albums of the 1990s_". Pitchfork.com. Retrieved on November 25, 2009. * ^ "100 Greatest Guitar
Guitar
Albums". _ Guitar
Guitar
World_. October 2006. * ^ "Music: 10 All-Time Greatest." _Entertainment Weekly._ Retrieved 08-04-2013. * ^ MTV
MTV
News staff. "For The Record: Quick News On Gwen Stefani, Pharrell Williams, Ciara, \'Dimebag\' Darrell, Nirvana, Shins & More". MTV.com. April 6, 2005. Retrieved on July 16, 2009. * ^ "Most Overrated Album
Album
in the World". BBC
BBC
6 Music . 2005. Archived from the original on November 11, 2005. Retrieved 17 May 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ "Australiancharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Austriancharts.at – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 55, No. 11, March 7, 1992". _RPM_. March 7, 1992. Archived by Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved on August 10, 1992. * ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ Pennanen, Timo (2003). _Sisältää hitin: levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972_. Otava Publishing Company Ltd. ISBN 951-1-21053-X . * ^ "InfoDisc : Le Détail des Albums de chaque Artiste". Infodisc.fr. Retrieved on October 14, 2012. NB user has to select "Nirvana" from the drop down list and click "OK". * ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH . Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Top 40 album- és válogatáslemez- lista" (in Hungarian). Mahasz.hu. Retrieved on August 10, 2009. * ^ "Charts.org.nz – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). _Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002_ (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2 . * ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Swisscharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Nirvana Artist Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Nirvana – Chart history" _Billboard_ 200 for Nirvana. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLiS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS . Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry . Retrieved 17 September 2015. * ^ "Ultratop.be – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Danishcharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Nirvana: Nevermind" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland . Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Lescharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Italiancharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "ネヴァーマインド<スーパー・デラックス・エディション>." Oricon.co.jp. Retrieved on April 18, 2012. * ^ Nirvana - Nevermind
Nevermind
charts * ^ "Mexicancharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Portuguesecharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Nirvana – Nevermind". Hung Medien. Retrieved 8 May 2016. * ^ "Nirvana – Chart history" _Billboard _ Top Catalog Albums for Nirvana. Retrieved 9 May 2016. * ^ "Discos de oro y platino" (in Spanish). Cámara Argentina de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas . Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2012. * ^ ARIA Report - Week commencing 15 June 2015 - issue 1320 pandora.nla.gov.au. Retrieved June 26, 2015. * ^ "Austrian album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in German). IFPI Austria. _Enter_ Nirvana _in the field_ Interpret_. Enter_ Nevermind
Nevermind
_in the field_ Titel_. Select_ album _in the field_ Format_. Click_ Suchen * ^ " Ultratop − Goud en Platina – 2004". Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. * ^ "Brazilian album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos . * ^ "Canadian album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind". Music Canada . * ^ "Nirvana" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland . * ^ "Musiikkituottajat – Tilastot – Kulta- ja platinalevyt". IFPI Finland. Retrieved 2011-10-02. * ^ "French album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in French). Syndicat National de l\'Édition Phonographique . * ^ France Best Selling Albums Ever: Update Part 7 (20-1) chartmasters.org. Retrieved April 18, 2017. * ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Nirvana; \'Nevermind\')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie . * ^ "Italian album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana . * ^ "Japanese album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan . _Select_ 2002年11月 _on the drop-down menu_ * ^ "RIAJ Certification – November 2002" (PDF) (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan . Retrieved October 15, 2011. * ^ "Mexican sales certification" (in Spanish). AMPROFON . Retrieved 3 February 2014. * ^ "New Zealand album certifications". Recorded Music NZ . * ^ "Polish album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry . * ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden . * ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Nirvana; \'Nevermind\')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. * ^ "British album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind". British Phonographic Industry
British Phonographic Industry
. _Enter_ Nevermind
Nevermind
_in the field_ Keywords_. Select_ Title _in the field_ Search by_. Select_ album _in the field_ By Format_. Select_ Platinum _in the field_ By Award_. Click_ Search * ^ Harris, Bill (17 November 2006). "Queen rules – in album sales". _Toronto Sun_. Retrieved 23 October 2011. * ^ "American album certifications – Nirvana – Nevermind". Recording Industry Association of America . _If necessary, click_ Advanced_, then click_ Format_, then select_ Album_, then click_ SEARCH * ^ David, Barry (February 18, 2003). "Shania, Backstreet, Britney, Eminem And Janet Top All Time Sellers". _ Bertelsmann Music Group _. New York: Music Industry News Network. Archived from the original on July 3, 2003. Retrieved May 11, 2017. * ^ Rutherford, Kevin (September 23, 2016). "Nirvana\'s \'Nevermind\': 9 Chart Facts About the Iconic Album". Billboard. Retrieved May 11, 2017. * ^ " ARIA Charts - End of Year Charts - Top 100 Albums 1992". Australian Recording Industry Association . Retrieved January 8, 2016.

* ^ " ARIA Charts - End of Year Charts - Top 100 Albums 1995". Australian Recording Industry Association . Retrieved January 8, 2016.

* ^ " ARIA Charts - End of Year Charts - Top 100 Albums 1996". Australian Recording Industry Association . Retrieved January 8, 2016.

* ^ " ARIA Charts - End of Year Charts - Top 100 Albums 2015". Australian Recording Industry Association . Retrieved January 6, 2016.

* ^ "Classifiche “Top of the Music” 2015 FIMI-GfK: La musica italiana in vetta negli album e nei singoli digitali" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana . Retrieved January 14, 2016. * ^ Official Biggest Vinyl Singles and Albums of 2015 revealed officialcharts.com. January 13, 2016. * ^ "Top of the Music - FIMI/GfK: Le uniche classifiche annuali complete." (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana . Retrieved January 29, 2017. * ^ "W 2016 roku najlepiej sprzedającym się albumem było "Życie po śmierci" O.S.T.R.". 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2016. * ^ The Official Top 40 biggest selling vinyl albums and singles of 2016 officialcharts.com. January 1, 2017. * ^ Mayfield, Geoff. "1999 The Year in Music Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade – The listing of Top Pop Albums of the '90s & Hot 100 Singles of the '90s". _Billboard_. December 25, 1999. * ^ "Nirvana – Chart History: Hot 100". billboard.com. Retrieved November 30, 2014. * ^ Nirvana – Chart History: Mainstream Rock Tracks billboard.com. Retrieved November 30, 2014. * ^ "Nirvana – Chart History: Alternative Songs". _Billboard _. Retrieved 2010-11-11.

* ^ Australian (ARIA Chart ) peaks:

* Peaks within the top 50: "australian-charts.com > Nirvana discography". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2015-09-30. * Peaks between 51-100 until December 2010: Ryan, Gavin (2011). _Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010_. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.

* ^ Nirvana Belgiam Ultratop Charts. ultratop.be/nl. Retrieved on September 17, 2012. * ^ "Nirvana Top Singles positions". _RPM _. Retrieved 2010-06-20. * ^ "Search for: Nirvana". LesCharts.com. Retrieved 2007-08-22. * ^ "Search the Charts". IrishCharts.ie. Retrieved 2007-08-22.

* ^

* For "Smells Like Teen Spirit": Billboard magazine - 21 August 1992 - p. 659 - "Hits of the World" section under "Italy" americanradiohistory.com. Retrieved June 21, 2016. * For "Come as You Are": Billboard magazine - May 30, 1992 - p. 42 - "Hits of the World Section" under "Italy" americanradiohistory.com. Retrieved July 3, 2016. * For "Lithium": Salvatori, Dario. (1999). _40 anni di hit parade italiana: _. Firenze: Tarab. ISBN 88-86675-55-0 .

* ^ dutcharts.nl. "Dutch Chart Archives". Retrieved 18 June 2010. * ^ Nirvana - New Zealand Singles Chart Positions charts.org.nz. Retrieved December 16, 2014.

* ^

* For "Smells Like Teen Spirit": Billboard magazine - 21 August 1992 - p. 59 - "Hits of the World" section under "Spain" americanradiohistory.com. Retrieved June 21, 2016. * For "Come as You Are" and "Lithium": Salaverri, Fernando. _Sólo éxitos, año an año, 1959-2002_. Madrid: Fundación Author-SGAE, 2005. ISBN 84-8048-639-2 , p. 602.

* ^ "Search for: Nirvana". SwedishCharts.com. Archived from the original on September 29, 2013. Retrieved 2007-08-22.

* ^

* For all: "Nirvana UK Singles Chart Positions". officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2014-12-10.

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Search Results". Recording Industry Association of America . Retrieved 2009-11-12. * ^ "The ARIA Chart – Best of 1992". Imgur.com (original document published by ARIA ). Retrieved September 23, 2016. * ^ Nirvana Smells Like teen Spirit - Denmark IFPI Certification - Track * ^ Nirvana - Italian 2014 Certifications fimi.it. retrieved July 11, 2016 * ^ The Official New Zealand Music Chart Top 40 - 24 May 1992 nztop40.co.nz. Retrieved 11 July 2016. * ^ "Swedish single certifications – Nirvana – Smells Like Teen Spirit" (in Swedish). Swedish Recording Industry Association . Archived from the original on November 11, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry . Archived from the original on February 6, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-04. Note: User needs to enter "Nirvana" in the "Search" field, "Artist" in the "Search by" field and click the "Search" button. Select "More info" next to the relevant entry to see full certification history. * ^ Nirvana - Italian 2016 Certifications fimi.it. Retrieved July 11, 2016. * ^ Nirvana - Alternative Songs (Previously Modern Rock) chart history (2nd page) billboard.com. Retrieved August 8, 2016.

REFERENCES

* _Classic Albums—Nirvana: Nevermind_ . Isis Productions, 2004. * Azerrad, Michael. _Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana_. Doubleday, 1993. ISBN 0-385-47199-8 * Berkenstadt, Jim; Cross, Charles. _Classic Rock Albums: Nevermind_. Schirmer, 1998. ISBN 0-02-864775-0 * Cross, Charles. _Heavier Than Heaven: A Biography of Kurt Cobain_. Hyperion, 2001. ISBN 0-7868-8402-9 * Sandford, Christopher. _Kurt Cobain_. Carroll ">

* v * t * e

Nirvana

* KURT COBAIN * KRIST NOVOSELIC * DAVE GROHL

* Aaron Burckhard * Dale Crover * Dave Foster * Chad Channing * Jason Everman * Dan Peters * Pat Smear

STUDIO ALBUMS

* _Bleach _ * _Nevermind_ * _In Utero _

LIVE ALBUMS

* _ MTV
MTV
Unplugged in New York _ * _ From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah _ * _ Live at Reading _

COMPILATION ALBUMS

* _ Incesticide _ * _Nirvana _ * _Sliver: The Best of the Box _ * _Icon _

BOX SETS

* _Singles _ * _ With the Lights Out _ * _Nevermind: The Singles _

EXTENDED PLAYS

* _ Blew _ * _ Hormoaning _

SINGLES

* " Love Buzz " * "Sliver " * " Smells Like Teen Spirit " * " Come as You Are " * "Lithium " * " In Bloom
In Bloom
" * " Heart-Shaped Box " * " All Apologies "/" Rape Me " * " Pennyroyal Tea " * "About a Girl " * "You Know You\'re Right "

Promotional singles

* " On a Plain " * "All Apologies" (Unplugged) * "The Man Who Sold the World " * "Where Did You Sleep Last Night " * "Lake of Fire " * "Aneurysm" (live) * "Drain You" (live)

SPLIT SINGLES

* "Candy/Molly\'s Lips " * " Here She Comes Now/Venus in Furs " * " Puss/Oh, the Guilt "

OTHER SONGS

* "Do Re Mi " * "Dumb " * " I Hate Myself and Want to Die " * "Marigold " * " Negative Creep " * "Old Age " * "Polly " * " Sappy " * " Something in the Way "

VIDEOS

* _ Live! Tonight! Sold Out!! _ * _ MTV
MTV
Unplugged in New York _ * _ Live at Reading _ * _Live at the Paramount _ * _Live and Loud _

RELATED

ARTICLES

* Discography (Bootlegs ) * Awards and nominations * Songs * Concerts * " Smells Like Nirvana " * Frances Bean Cobain * Suicide of Kurt Cobain * 12-12-12: The Concert for Sandy Relief

BANDS

* Dain Bramage * Eyes Adrift * Fecal Matter * Flipper * Foo Fighters * Melvins * The No WTO Combo * Scream * Sweet 75 * Them Crooked Vultures * Queens of the Stone Age

BOOKS

* _Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana _ * _ Heavier Than Heaven _ * _Journals _ * _ Letters to Kurt _

ALBUMS

* _ Nevermind
Nevermind
It\'s an Interview _ * _ The "Priest" They Called Him _ * _Smells Like Bleach: A Punk Tribute to Nirvana _ * _Newermind: A Tribute to Nirvana _ * _ In Utero, in Tribute, in Entirety _ * _Whatever Nevermind
Nevermind
_ * _ Doused in Mud, Soaked in Bleach _ * _Montage of Heck: The Home Recordings _

Films and documentaries

* _1991: The Year Punk Broke _ * _Teen Spirit: The Tribute to Kurt Cobain _ * _ Hype! _ * _Kurt ">

* _ Book
Book
* Category
Category

* v * t * e

NME _ Album
Album
of the Year

1990-1999 1990 Happy Mondays - _Pills \'n\' Thrills and Bellyaches _ 1991 Nirvana - _Nevermind_ 1992 Sugar - _ Copper Blue _ 1993 Björk - _Debut _ 1994 Oasis - _ Definitely Maybe _ 1995 Tricky - _ Maxinquaye _ 1996