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Navy Pier
Pier
is a 3,300-foot-long (1,010 m) pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan. It is located in the Streeterville neighborhood of the Near North Side community area. The Navy Pier currently encompasses more than fifty acres of parks, gardens, shops, restaurants, family attractions and exhibition facilities and is the top leisure destination in the Midwestern United States
Midwestern United States
("Midwest"), drawing nearly nine million visitors annually.[2] It is one of the most visited attractions in the entire Midwest and is Chicago's number one tourist attraction.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Attractions 3 Plans for renovation 4 In popular culture 5 Bus connections 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

During construction, 1915 ( Chicago
Chicago
Daily News)

Navy Pier
Pier
opened to the public on July 15, 1916.[4] Originally known as the "Municipal Pier", the pier was built by Charles Sumner Frost, a nationally known architect, with a design based on the Plan of Chicago (1909) by Daniel Burnham
Daniel Burnham
and Edward H. Bennett[5] Its original purpose was to serve as a dock for freights, passenger traffic, and indoor and outdoor recreation; events like expositions and pageants were held there. In the summer of 1918 the pier was also used as a jail for draft dodgers. In 1927, the pier was renamed Navy Pier
Pier
to honor the naval veterans who served in World War I. In 1941, during World War II, the pier became a training center for the U.S. Navy; about 10,000 people worked, trained, and lived there. The pier contained a 2,500-seat theater, gym, 12-chair barber shop, tailor, cobbler shops, soda fountain and a vast kitchen and hospital.[6] In 1946, as the Navy was winding down from its mission, the University of Illinois
Illinois
at Chicago
Chicago
held classes at the pier. Though the maximum capacity was exceeded the school outgrew the pier and the university relocated to Circle Campus.[7] After the university left, the Navy Pier
Pier
became underutilized. In 1959, the St. Lawrence Seaway
St. Lawrence Seaway
opened and increased commercial shipping activity at the pier for a short time, though business died down and left for more modern facilities at Lake Calumet. In 1976 the East End buildings were renovated and for a brief period the pier was alive again, home to summer events like ChicagoFest. But maintenance was not done and the pier went into decline. In 1989, the City of Chicago
Chicago
had the Urban Land Institute
Urban Land Institute
(ULI) reimagine uses for the pier. The Metropolitan Pier
Pier
and Exposition Authority (MPEA) was created; its responsibility was to manage and operate Navy Pier
Pier
as well as McCormick Place. The MPEA undertook the redevelopment, incorporating some of ULI’s recommendations.[8] In 1995, Navy Pier
Pier
was redesigned and introduced to the public as a mixed-use venue incorporating retail, dining, entertainment, and cultural spaces. Starting in 2014, the redevelopment plan called The Centennial Vision was implemented. The purpose of this plan is to fulfill the mission to keep Navy Pier
Pier
as a world-class public space and to renovate the pier so it will have more evening and year-round entertainment and more compelling landscape and design features.[9] The Centennial Vision was completed in summer 2016. The Polk Family Foundation (founded by Sol Polk) donated $20 million to the redevelopment effort; the park and fountain at the entrance to the pier was named the Polk Brothers Park and Fountain.[10] Attractions[edit]

USS Chicago
Chicago
(CA-136/CG-11) anchor

Navy Pier
Pier
attractions include sightseeing tours from companies such as Seadog Ventures, Shoreline Sightseeing cruises and Water Taxi service, and the tall ship "Windy". There are also dinner cruises by Entertainment Cruises on their ships the Spirit of Chicago, Odyssey II, and Mystic Blue. The pier has fireworks on Wednesday and Saturday nights during the summer and Saturday nights during the fall.[11] Navy Pier
Pier
hosts the Fifth Third Bank Winter Wonderfest from December through January. There is an indoor ice skating rink as well as shopping and dining in Festival Hall. There are many outdoor attractions at the Navy Pier
Pier
Park, such as the Pepsi Wave Swinger, Light Tower Ride, Remote Control Boats and the Carousel.[12] Amazing Chicago's Funhouse Maze is on the pier. It is a self-paced, full sensory maze experience where a person navigates their way through 4,000 square feet of tunnels and mazes.[13] Crystal Gardens is a one-acre, botanical garden inside the pier. It is a six-story glass atrium with a 50-foot arched ceiling. Many events are held here. The Chicago
Chicago
Children's Museum is a part of the pier, with many different exhibits and activities for both children and adults to enjoy.[11][14] Chicago
Chicago
Shakespeare Theater, a theater that recreates Shakespeare's productions. The Pier
Pier
also has an IMAX
IMAX
theater. There is lots of outdoor art such as the anchor from the naval vessel USS Chicago
Chicago
(CA-136/CG-11), which is on display at the far end.[15] Other art includes a statue of actor Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
on a couch as on The Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
Show,[16] the Captain On The Helm statue dedicated to maritime captains, and the Crack the Whip sculpture of eight children at play holding hands by J. Seward Johnson Jr.[17][18] The Ferris wheel was retired on September 27, 2015. A new model was selected and purchased—the DW60—from Dutch Wheels, the Netherlands-based company that built the pier’s former wheel. The state-of-the-art DW60 is the first and only one of its kind in the U.S. with similar wheels currently in operation in Hong Kong and Baku, Azerbaijan. Significant features include two-sided cars that allow for easy loading and unloading, a fortified structure to withstand winds of 115 miles per hour, and safety glass capable of weathering intense storms.[19] The new model was unveiled on May 27, 2016. Plans for renovation[edit]

The iconic Navy Pier
Pier
wheel, which was retired on 27th September 2015

Navy Pier
Pier
logo as of 2008

Musical carousel

Efforts to update Navy Pier
Pier
for the twenty-first century began, on January 13, 2006, when the Metropolitan Pier
Pier
and Exposition Authority released a proposal for a major renovation of the Pier, which including a monorail, a 260-foot (79 m) spokeless Ferris wheel, a roller coaster, floating hotel, and a water park with a Great Lakes theme. The plan would have included nearly double the current parking and a replacement theater with a greater capacity. At the time of the announcement, a price tag of $2 billion was announced. Following the reorganization of the agency that runs Navy Pier
Pier
and McCormick Place, a new study was commissioned to reinvigorate the upgrade process. The new study, by the Urban Land Institute, was released on November 11, 2010, and recommended a more modest set of enhancements aimed at retaining the Pier's role as a public space, rather than turning it into a theme park. Suggested elements include a concert venue, an enlarged Chicago
Chicago
Shakespeare Theater space, new restaurants, a renovated commercial area around the Pier's entrance, and additional park-like features to bring people closer to the lake. More grandiose possibilities, including the enlarged Ferris wheel and a hotel, are mentioned as more remote possibilities.[20] In March 2012, a competition led to selection of a design concept presented by a team led by James Corner of James Corner Field Operations that focuses on the Pier's role as a waterfront promenade. In 2013 the Authority announced plans to carry out the first elements of a streamlined version of that concept, with reworked streetscape and a wider pedestrian space, moving tour-boat moorings to improve the view from a new central stairway centered on the Ferris wheel. Work began during the winter of 2013–2014, with completion expected by Summer 2015.[21][22] A new Ferris wheel for the pier was announced on June 23, 2015. It will be 196 feet (60 m) tall, 46 feet (14 m) taller than its predecessor. Rides will be twelve minutes instead of seven and feature three revolutions. The new wheel has brighter lights and opened in May 2016.[23] The first phase of redevelopment, completed in 2016, included the redesign of the Pier’s public spaces, known as Pierscape, and improvements to the interior of the Family Pavilion and South Arcade. Phase I projects included the transformation of South Dock into a more engaging, greener space, conversion of the South Arcade indoor walkway into a Chicago-themed food experience and creation of a lighted water fountain/ice skating rink in Polk Bros Park. In November 2016, Navy Pier, Inc. proudly announced Phase I development had achieved Gold certification under the Sustainable SITES Initiative (SITES) rating system, the first project to earn this level of certification under SITES v2. Phase 1’s Gold certification demonstrates NPI’s undeniable commitment to the environment through expanded green spaces, improved pedestrian access, energy efficiency, innovative storm water management, use of recycled local materials and much more.[24] Phase II projects include the development of a seven-story, 240-room hotel, adjacent to the south side of Festival Hall; marquee additions to the East End Plaza, including a proposed arched, elevated overlook walkway and reflective water feature; a Welcome Pavilion in Polk Bros Park with 4,000 square feet for guest services and programmatic space; a seasonal ice rink within the footprint of the Polk Bros Park’s fountain and plaza; and a short-term, north-side boat docking facility for use by recreational boaters seasonally.[24] In popular culture[edit] The halls were used to represent Atlantic City, New Jersey, in the 1986 movie The Color of Money
The Color of Money
for the 9-Ball Championship.[25] In the film Divergent, the Pier
Pier
and Ferris wheel are shown abandoned and decayed in a future Chicago, and it is stated that they were abandoned by choice a long time before. The Dauntless members play capture the flag in the park. Tris and Four climb the Ferris wheel to spot the opposing team. In the book, the opposing team hides the flag in a park near Navy Pier, while in the film version, the flag is hidden in a tower of the Chicago
Chicago
Children's Museum building.[26] Bus connections[edit] CTA

2 Hyde Park Express (weekday rush hours only) 29 State 65 Grand 66 Chicago 124 Navy Pier

See also[edit]

Chicago
Chicago
portal National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
portal

Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows WBEZ

References[edit]

^ National Park Service
National Park Service
(July 9, 2010). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ "Navy Pier
Pier
A Chicago
Chicago
Landmark". Navy Pier. Retrieved 2016-04-24.  ^ "Crain's List Largest Tourist Attractions (Sightseeing): Ranked by 2007 Attendance". Crain's Chicago
Chicago
Business. June 23, 2008. p. 22.  ^ Bentle, Kyle (April 28, 2016). "Navy Pier
Pier
at 100: How the Chicago icon will be changing". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved May 1, 2016.  ^ "PDF of Navy Pier" (PDF).  ^ " Chicago
Chicago
history, Chicago
Chicago
Flashback: Navy Pier". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. 8 January 2012.  ^ Grossman, Ron (8 July 2016). "University of Illinois
Illinois
at Navy Pier opened in 1946 to serve WWII veterans". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved 27 January 2018.  ^ "Encyclopedia of Chicago". www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org. Retrieved 2016-04-24.  ^ "Navy Pier
Pier
A Chicago
Chicago
Landmark". Navy Pier. Retrieved 2016-04-24.  ^ Kori Rumore, Phil Geib, Jemal R. Brinson and Nausheen Husain, "The new fountain at Navy Pier
Pier
is open", Chicasgo Tribune, 26 May 2016 ^ a b "Historic Navy Pier: Things to Do". Navy Pier
Pier
Chicago.  ^ "Ferris Wheel and Pier
Pier
Park Rides Navy Pier". Navy Pier. Retrieved 2016-04-24.  ^ "Amazing Chicago's Navy Pier". Navy Pier. Retrieved 2016-04-24.  ^ " Chicago
Chicago
Children's Museum at Navy Pier". Chicago
Chicago
Children's Museum.  ^ "Sculpture & Art". Navy Pier. Retrieved May 1, 2016.  ^ " Chicago
Chicago
dedicates Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
statue Comedian honored with bronze likeness". Today. July 27, 2004. Retrieved 14 December 2015.  ^ "Sculpture & Art". Navy Pier. Retrieved 14 December 2015.  ^ "Navy Pier: [Crack the Whip - by J.Seward Johnson Jr.]". Public Art In Chicago
Chicago
blog. Retrieved 14 December 2015.  ^ "You searched for ferris wheel Navy Pier". Navy Pier. Retrieved 2016-04-24.  ^ "Second Crack at Navy Pier
Pier
Upgrade". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. November 11, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.  ^ "Navy Pier
Pier
Redesign Walks the Line between Populist and Classy". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.  ^ "Navy Pier
Pier
Renovation Begins this Week". Time Out Chicago. September 25, 2013.  ^ " Chicago
Chicago
to replace Navy Pier
Pier
Ferris wheel with taller one". Chicago Tribune. June 23, 2015. Retrieved June 23, 2015.  ^ a b "History of the Centennial Vision & Redevelopment Navy Pier". Navy Pier. Retrieved 2017-08-09.  ^ http://www.movie-locations.com/movies/c/colorof.html#.Wd6tZRiZPBI ^ Sacks, Ethan (March 16, 2014). "Shailene Woodley Jumps into Big-Budget Territory with 'Divergent'". Daily News. New York. Retrieved March 27, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Navy Pier.

Official website Chicago
Chicago
Children's Museum on Navy Pier Chicago
Chicago
Shakespeare Theater on Navy Pier IMAX
IMAX
Theater on Navy Pier 3D Google Earth Model Chicago
Chicago
to replace Navy Pier
Pier
Ferris wheel with taller one

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Chicago Landmark
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/ National Register of Historic Places
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Chicago
Landmark

Auditorium Building Lorado Taft Midway Studios

National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
/ National Register of Historic Places

Adler Planetarium German submarine U-505 Orchestra Hall Shedd Aquarium

National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
/ Chicago
Chicago
Landmark

Biograph Theater Bush Temple of Music Chicago
Chicago
Cultural Center Chicago
Chicago
Theatre Fine Arts Building Former Chicago
Chicago
Historical Society Building Krause Music Store Navy Pier
Pier
Headhouse and Auditorium South Shore Cultural Center Tree Studio Building and Annexes Unity Hall Uptown Theatre Yondorf Block and Hall

National Register of Historic Places

Field Museum of Natural History

Chicago
Chicago
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Chess Records
Chess Records
Office and Studio Civic Opera Building Congress Theater Essanay Studios Harris and Selwyn Theaters Medinah Temple Museum of Science and Industry New Regal Theater Portage Theater Pui Tak Center South Side Community Art Center Sunset Cafe Thalia Hall Three Arts Club of Chicago Whistle Stop Inn Woman's Athletic Club

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Shopping malls in Illinois

Cook County

Chicago

108 North State Street 900 North Michigan Century Centre Chinatown Square Ford City Mall Harper Court James R. Thompson Center Navy Pier Roosevelt Collection The Shops at North Bridge Shops at the Mart Six Corners Water Tower Place

Elsewhere

The Arboretum of South Barrington Arlington Town Square Chicago
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DuPage County

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Lake County

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Will County

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Rockford Area

Cherryvale Mall Colonial Village Mall Machesney Park Mall

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Bloomington-Normal Area

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Elsewhere

Cross County Mall Crystal Point Mall Hickory Point Mall Illinois
Illinois
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Defunct

1800 N. Clybourn Brementown Mall Brickyard Mall Chicago
Chicago
Place Dixie Square Mall Hillcrest Shopping Center Huntley Outlet Center Jefferson Square Mall Lakehurst Mall Lincoln Mall (Matteson) Meadows Town Mall North Pier Old Chicago Park Forest Plaza Piano Factory Outlet Mall The Plaza South Commons Mall St. Charles Mall Washington Square Mall West

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