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The National Basketball
Basketball
Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States
United States
and 1 in Canada). It is widely considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world. The NBA is an active member of USA Basketball
Basketball
(USAB),[2] which is recognized by FIBA
FIBA
(also known as the International Basketball
Basketball
Federation) as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player.[3][4] The league was founded in New York City
New York City
on June 6, 1946, as the Basketball
Basketball
Association of America (BAA).[1][5] The league adopted the name National Basketball
Basketball
Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball
Basketball
League (NBL). The league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower
Olympic Tower
at 645 Fifth Avenue in New York, NY. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV
NBA TV
studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, New Jersey.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Creation and merger 1.2 Celtics' dominance, league expansion and competition 1.3 Surging popularity 1.4 Modern era 1.5 International influence 1.6 Other developments

2 Teams 3 Regular season 4 Playoffs 5 League championships 6 Media coverage 7 International competitions 8 Ticket prices and viewership demographics

8.1 Viewership demographics

9 Notable people

9.1 Presidents and commissioners 9.2 Players 9.3 Foreign players

9.3.1 International influence

9.4 Coaches

10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

History Creation and merger Main article: Basketball
Basketball
Association of America The Basketball
Basketball
Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada. On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the Toronto
Toronto
Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first played game in NBA history.[6] The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play primarily in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not significantly better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, and the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers
Minneapolis Lakers
won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, Minneapolis, and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.[7] On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Anderson, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan, Denver, and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association, even though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff.[7] To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own. It now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, and does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities,[8] as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Warriors, Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, and Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today. The process of contraction saw the league's smaller-city franchises move to larger cities. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in 1951, and then to St. Louis in 1955. The Rochester Royals
Rochester Royals
moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati
Cincinnati
in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit
Detroit
in 1957. Japanese-American
Japanese-American
Wataru Misaka
Wataru Misaka
broke the NBA color barrier
NBA color barrier
in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks. He remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950.[9][10] Hunter was cut from the team during training camp,[9][11] but several African-American players did play in the league later that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton
Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton
with the Knicks, and Earl Lloyd
Earl Lloyd
with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis
Minneapolis
Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty.[12] To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.[13] If a team does not attempt to score a field goal (or the ball fails to make contact with the rim) within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. Celtics' dominance, league expansion and competition In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell
Bill Russell
joined the Boston
Boston
Celtics, which already featured guard Bob Cousy
Bob Cousy
and coach Red Auerbach, and went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring (100) and rebounding (55). Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports.

Bill Russell
Bill Russell
defending against Wilt Chamberlain
Wilt Chamberlain
in 1966.

The 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy
Bob Cousy
and coach Red Auerbach, Boston
Boston
won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966. This championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969. The domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.[14] Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers
Minneapolis Lakers
to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors
Philadelphia Warriors
to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals
Syracuse Nationals
to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
to become the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers, and the St. Louis
St. Louis
Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises. The Chicago
Chicago
Packers (now Washington Wizards) became the ninth NBA team in 1961. From 1966 to 1968, the league expanded from 9 to 14 teams, introducing the Chicago
Chicago
Bulls, Seattle SuperSonics
Seattle SuperSonics
(now Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
Thunder), San Diego Rockets (who relocated to Houston
Houston
four years later), Milwaukee Bucks, and Phoenix Suns. In 1967, the league faced a new external threat with the formation of the American Basketball
Basketball
Association (ABA). The leagues engaged in a bidding war. The NBA landed the most important college star of the era, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
(then known as Lew Alcindor). However, the NBA's leading scorer, Rick Barry, jumped to the ABA, as did four veteran referees—Norm Drucker, Earl Strom, John Vanak, and Joe Gushue.[15] In 1969, Alan Siegel, who oversaw the design of Jerry Dior's Major League Baseball logo a year prior, created the modern NBA logo inspired by the MLB's. It incorporates the silhouette of the legendary Jerry West
Jerry West
based on a photo by Wen Roberts, although NBA officials denied a particular player as being its influence because, according to Siegel, "They want to institutionalize it rather than individualize it. It's become such a ubiquitous, classic symbol and focal point of their identity and their licensing program that they don't necessarily want to identify it with one player." The iconic logo debuted in 1971 (with a small change to the typeface on the NBA wordmark in 2017) and would remain a fixture of the NBA brand.[16][17] The ABA succeeded in signing a number of major stars in the 1970s, including Julius Erving
Julius Erving
of the Virginia Squires, in part because it allowed teams to sign college undergraduates. The NBA expanded rapidly during this period, one purpose being to tie up the most viable cities. From 1966 to 1974, the NBA grew from nine franchises to 18. In 1970, the Portland Trail Blazers, Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers, and Buffalo Braves (now the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Clippers) all made their debuts expanding the league to 17.[18] The New Orleans
New Orleans
Jazz (now in Utah) came aboard in 1974 bringing the total to 18. Following the 1976 season, the leagues reached a settlement that provided for the addition of four ABA franchises to the NBA, raising the number of franchises in the league at that time to 22. The franchises added were the San Antonio Spurs, Denver
Denver
Nuggets, Indiana
Indiana
Pacers, and New York Nets
New York Nets
(now the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Nets). Some of the biggest stars of this era were Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Rick Barry, Dave Cowens, Julius Erving, Elvin Hayes, Walt Frazier, Moses Malone, Artis Gilmore, George Gervin, Dan Issel, and Pete Maravich. The end of the decade, however, saw declining TV ratings, low attendance and drug-related player issues – both perceived and real – that threatened to derail the league. Surging popularity

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The league added the ABA's innovative three-point field goal beginning in 1979 to open up the game. That same year, rookies Larry Bird
Larry Bird
and Magic Johnson
Magic Johnson
joined the Boston Celtics
Boston Celtics
and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers respectively, initiating a period of significant growth in fan interest in the NBA throughout the country and the world. The two had faced each other in the 1979 NCAA Division I Basketball
Basketball
Championship Game, and they would later play against each other in three NBA Finals (1984, 1985 and 1987, featuring 11 players and coaches who would later be inducted to the Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame). Like the 1960s, when the Celtics and Lakers faced each other in six NBA Finals, the two teams again dominated the NBA. In the 10 seasons of the 1980s, Johnson led the Lakers to five titles in eight Finals while Bird led the Celtics to three titles in five Finals. Also in the early 1980s, the NBA added one more expansion franchise, the Dallas
Dallas
Mavericks, bringing the total to 23 teams. Later on, Larry Bird
Larry Bird
won the first three three-point shooting contests. Former league commissioner David Stern, who took office on February 1, 1984, oversaw the expansion and growth of the NBA to a global commodity.

Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
going in for a dunk

Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
entered the league in 1984 with the Chicago
Chicago
Bulls, providing an even more popular star to support growing interest in the league. This resulted in more cities demanding teams of their own. In 1988 and 1989, four cities got their wishes as the Charlotte Hornets, Miami
Miami
Heat, Orlando Magic, and Minnesota Timberwolves
Minnesota Timberwolves
made their NBA debuts, bringing the total to 27 teams. In the first year of the 1990s, the Detroit
Detroit
Pistons would win the second of their back-to-back titles, led by coach Chuck Daly
Chuck Daly
and guard Isiah Thomas. Jordan and Scottie Pippen
Scottie Pippen
would lead the Bulls to two three-peats in eight years during the 1991–98 seasons. Hakeem Olajuwon
Hakeem Olajuwon
won back-to-back titles with the Houston
Houston
Rockets in 1994 and 1995. The 1992 Olympic basketball Dream Team, the first to use current NBA stars, featured Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
as the anchor, along with Bird, Johnson, David Robinson, Patrick Ewing, Scottie Pippen, Clyde Drexler, Karl Malone, John Stockton, Chris Mullin, Charles Barkley, and star NCAA amateur Christian Laettner. The team was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame, while 11 of the 12 players on the roster (all but Laettner) and three of the four coaches have been elected to the Hall of Fame as individuals. In 1995, the NBA expanded to Canada
Canada
with the addition of the Vancouver Grizzlies and the Toronto
Toronto
Raptors. In 2001, the Vancouver Grizzlies relocated to Memphis, which left the Raptors as the only Canadian team in the NBA. In 1996, the NBA created a women's league, the Women's National Basketball
Basketball
Association (WNBA). In 1998, the NBA owners began a lockout which lasted 191 days and was settled on January 18, 1999. As a result of this lockout the 1998–99 NBA season was reduced from 82 to 50 games (61% of a normal season), and the All-Star Game was cancelled. The San Antonio Spurs
San Antonio Spurs
won their first championship, and first by a former ABA team, by beating the New York Knicks, who were the first, and are the only, eighth seed to ever make it to the NBA Finals. Modern era Since the breakup of the Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
championship roster in the summer of 1998, the Western Conference has dominated, with the Los Angeles Lakers and San Antonio Spurs
San Antonio Spurs
combining to win the title nine out of fourteen seasons. Tim Duncan
Tim Duncan
and David Robinson won the 1999 championship with the Spurs, and Shaquille O'Neal
Shaquille O'Neal
and Kobe Bryant started the 2000s with three consecutive championships for the Lakers. The Spurs reclaimed the title in 2003 against the Nets. In 2004, the Lakers returned to the Finals, only to fall in five games to the Detroit
Detroit
Pistons.

Dirk Nowitzki
Dirk Nowitzki
and John Wall in action as the Dallas Mavericks
Dallas Mavericks
face the Washington Wizards
Washington Wizards
in 2011

After the Spurs took home the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy in 2005, the 2006 Finals featured two franchises making their inaugural Finals appearances. The Miami
Miami
Heat, led by their star shooting guard, Dwyane Wade, and Shaquille O'Neal, who had been traded from the Lakers during the 2004 summer, won the series over the Dallas Mavericks
Dallas Mavericks
in six after losing the first two games. The Lakers/Spurs dominance continued in 2007 with a four-game sweep by the Spurs over the Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers, who were led by LeBron James. The 2008 Finals saw a rematch of the league's highest profile rivalry, the Boston
Boston
Celtics and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers, with the Celtics winning, for their 17th championship, thanks to their new big three of Paul Pierce, Ray Allen, and Kevin Garnett. In 2009, Kobe Bryant
Kobe Bryant
and the Lakers returned to the Finals, this time defeating the Dwight Howard-led Orlando Magic. Bryant won his first Bill Russell
Bill Russell
NBA Finals
NBA Finals
Most Valuable Player Award in his 13th season after leading the Lakers to their first NBA championship since the departure of Shaquille O'Neal.[19] The 2010 NBA All-Star Game
2010 NBA All-Star Game
was held at Cowboys Stadium
Cowboys Stadium
in front of the largest crowd ever, 108,713.[20] At the end of that season, the Celtics and the Lakers renewed their rivalry from 2008 when they met again in the NBA Finals
NBA Finals
for a record 12th time. The Lakers won the title by winning Game 7, 83–79.[21] Before the start of the 2010–11 season the NBA had an exciting summer with one of the most anticipated free agent classes of all time. Two of which signed, and one resigned, with the Miami
Miami
Heat, leading to a season that was heavily centered on their eventual success or failure at taking home the championship. The Heat, led by LeBron James, Dwyane Wade, and Chris Bosh, did in fact make the Finals against the Dallas
Dallas
Mavericks, in a rematch for the franchises of the 2006 Finals. The Mavericks, led by Dirk Nowitzki
Dirk Nowitzki
(the eventual NBA Finals
NBA Finals
MVP), took the series in six games. This was the Mavericks' first title. Veterans Shawn Marion, Jason Kidd, Jason Terry, and Peja Stojaković
Peja Stojaković
celebrated their first NBA championship. On July 1, 2011, at 12:01 am, the NBA announced another lockout.[22] After the first few weeks of the season were canceled, the players and owners ratified a new collective bargaining agreement on December 8, 2011, setting up a shortened 66-game season.[23] Following the shortened season, the Miami Heat
Miami Heat
made a return to the Finals with the trio of Dwyane Wade, LeBron James, and Chris Bosh
Chris Bosh
against Oklahoma City Thunder's Kevin Durant, Russell Westbrook, and James Harden. The Heat went on to defeat the Thunder in five games, capturing their second NBA title in six years. Their success would continue into the following season, which concluded with their victory over the San Antonio Spurs in the 2013 NBA Finals. The two teams would meet for a rematch in the following year's Finals, where the Spurs defeated the Heat in five games. Off the court, commissioner David Stern
David Stern
retired on February 1, 2014, exactly 30 years to the day from taking office. He was succeeded by his deputy, Adam Silver. Following the 2014 Finals, LeBron James
LeBron James
announced that he would return to the Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers. James led the Cavaliers to their second Finals appearance, where they fell to the Golden State Warriors
Golden State Warriors
in six games. The following year, in a rematch, the 2016 NBA Finals
NBA Finals
concluded with the Cavaliers defeating the Warriors in seven games to win their first NBA Championship. The dominance of those two teams continued in 2017, when the Warriors, having signed Durant as a free agent, took the third straight Finals matchup between the clubs in five games, with Durant named Finals MVP. International influence Further information: List of foreign NBA players Following pioneers like Vlade Divac
Vlade Divac
(Serbia) and Dražen Petrović (Croatia) who joined the NBA in the late 1980s, an increasing number of international players have moved directly from playing elsewhere in the world to starring in the NBA. Since 2006, the NBA has faced EuroLeague
EuroLeague
teams in exhibition matches in the NBA Europe Live Tour, and since 2009, in the EuroLeague
EuroLeague
American Tour. The 2013–14 season opened with a record 92 international players on the opening night rosters, representing 39 countries and comprising over 20% of the league[24] Other developments In 2001, an affiliated minor league, the National Basketball Development League, now called the NBA G League, was created.[25] Before the league was started, there were strong rumors that the NBA would purchase the Continental Basketball
Basketball
Association, and call it its developmental league. Two years after the Hornets' relocation to New Orleans, the NBA returned to North Carolina, as the Charlotte Bobcats
Charlotte Bobcats
were formed as an expansion team in 2004. The Hornets temporarily relocated to Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
in 2005 for two seasons because of damage caused by Hurricane Katrina. The team returned to New Orleans
New Orleans
in 2007. A new official game ball was introduced on June 28, 2006, for the 2006–07 season, marking the first change to the ball in over 35 years and only the second ball in 60 seasons.[26] Manufactured by Spalding, the new ball featured a new design and new synthetic material that Spalding claimed offered a better grip, feel, and consistency than the original ball. However, many players were vocal in their disdain for the new ball, saying that it was too sticky when dry, and too slippery when wet. Commissioner Stern announced on December 11, 2006, that beginning January 1, 2007, the NBA would return to the traditional leather basketball in use prior to the 2006–07 season. The change was influenced by frequent player complaints and confirmed hand injuries (cuts) caused by the microfiber ball.[27] The Players' Association had filed a suit in behalf of the players against the NBA over the new ball.[28] As of the 2017–18 season, the NBA team jerseys are manufactured by Nike, replacing the previous supplier, Adidas. All teams will wear jerseys with the Nike swoosh logo except the Charlotte Hornets, whose jerseys will instead bear the Jumpman logo associated with longtime Nike endorser Michael Jordan, who owns the Hornets.[29] The Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Investigation
(FBI) began an investigation on July 19, 2007, over allegations that veteran NBA referee Tim Donaghy bet on basketball games he officiated over the past two seasons and that he made calls affecting the point spread in those games.[30] On August 15, 2007, Donaghy pleaded guilty to two federal charges related to the investigation. However, he could face additional charges if it is determined that he deliberately miscalled individual games. Donaghy claimed in 2008 that certain refs were friendly with players and "company men" for the NBA. Donaghy alleged that refs influenced the outcome of certain playoff and finals games in 2002 and 2005. NBA commissioner David Stern
David Stern
denied the allegations and said Donaghy was a convicted felon and a "singing, cooperating witness".[31] Donaghy served 15 months in prison and was released in November 2009.[32] According to an independent study by Ronald Beech of Game 6 of the 2002 Western Conference Finals between the Los Angeles Lakers
Los Angeles Lakers
and Sacramento Kings, although the refs increased the Lakers' chances of winning through foul calls during the game, there was no collusion to fix the game. On alleged "star treatment" during Game 6 by the refs toward certain players, Beech claimed, "there does seem to be issues with different standards and allowances for different players." [33] The NBA Board of Governors approved the request of the Seattle SuperSonics to relocate to Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
on April 18, 2008.[34] The team, however, could not move until it had settled a lawsuit filed by the city of Seattle, which was intended to keep the SuperSonics in Seattle
Seattle
for the remaining two seasons of the team's lease at KeyArena. Following a court case, the city of Seattle
Seattle
settled with the ownership group of the SuperSonics on July 2, 2008, allowing the team to move to Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
immediately in exchange for terminating the final two seasons of the team's lease at KeyArena.[35] The Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
Thunder began playing in the 2008–09 season. The first outdoor game in the modern era of the league was played at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden
Indian Wells Tennis Garden
on October 11, 2008, between the Phoenix Suns
Phoenix Suns
and the Denver
Denver
Nuggets.[36] A referee lockout began on September 1, 2009, when the contract between the NBA and its referees expired. The first preseason games were played on October 1, 2009, and replacement referees from the WNBA and NBA Development League
NBA Development League
were used, the first time replacement referees had been used since the beginning of the 1995–96 season. The NBA and the regular referees reached a deal on October 23, 2009.[37][38] The first official NBA league games on European ground took place in 2011. In two matchups, the New Jersey Nets
New Jersey Nets
faced the Toronto
Toronto
Raptors at the O2 Arena in London in front of over 20,000 fans. The NBA laid off around 114 league employees—about 11 percent of all the league office workforce—in July 2011 to save money.[39] The 2011–12 NBA season, scheduled to begin November 1, 2011, with a matchup between the defending champion Dallas Mavericks
Dallas Mavericks
and the Chicago
Chicago
Bulls, was postponed due to a labor dispute. The lockout officially ended on December 8, 2011, when players and owners ratified a new collective bargaining agreement, and the season began on Christmas
Christmas
Day. The New Jersey Nets
New Jersey Nets
officially changed their name to the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Nets on April 30, 2012.[40] They began playing in the New York City
New York City
borough of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in the 2012–13 season. The NBA announced in October 2012 that it would begin fining players for flopping.[41][42] After the 2012–13 season, the New Orleans
New Orleans
Hornets renamed themselves the Pelicans.[43] During the 2013–14 season, Stern retired as commissioner after 30 years, and deputy commissioner Adam Silver ascended to the position of commissioner. During that season's playoffs, the Bobcats officially reclaimed the Hornets name, and by agreement with the league and the Pelicans, also received sole ownership of all history, records, and statistics from the Pelicans' time in Charlotte. As a result, the Hornets are now officially considered to have been founded in 1988, suspended operations in 2002, and resumed in 2004 as the Bobcats, while the Pelicans are officially treated as a 2002 expansion team.[44] (This is somewhat similar to the relationship between the Cleveland Browns
Cleveland Browns
and Baltimore Ravens
Baltimore Ravens
in the NFL.) Donald Sterling, who was then-owner of the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Clippers, received a lifetime ban from the NBA on April 29, 2014, after racist remarks he made became public. Sterling was also fined US$2.5 million, the maximum allowed under the NBA Constitution.[45] Becky Hammon
Becky Hammon
was hired by the San Antonio Spurs
San Antonio Spurs
on August 5, 2014, as an assistant coach, becoming the second female coach in NBA history but the first full-time coach.[46][47] This also makes her the first full-time female coach in any of the four major professional sports in North America.[47] The NBA announced on April 15, 2016, that it would allow all 30 of its member clubs to sell corporate sponsor advertisement patches on official game uniforms, beginning with the 2017–18 season. The sponsorship advertisement patches would appear on the left front of jerseys, opposite Nike's logo, marking the first time a manufacturer's logo would appear on NBA jerseys, and would measure approximately 2.5 by 2.5 inches. The NBA would become the first major North American professional sports league to allow corporate sponsorship logos on official team uniforms, and the last to have a uniform manufacturer logo appear on its team uniforms.[48] The first team to announce a jersey sponsorship was the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers, who agreed to a deal with StubHub.[49] On July 6, 2017, the NBA unveiled an updated rendition of its logo; it is largely identical to the previous design, except with revised typography and a "richer" color scheme. The league began to phase in the updated logo across its properties during the 2017 NBA Summer League, but it will not immediately be used on equipment or uniforms due to lead time.[50] The NBA also officially released new Nike uniforms for all 30 teams for the 2017–18 season. In the press release, the league stated it would do away with "home" and "away" uniform designations. Instead, each team would have four uniforms: the "Association" edition, which is the team's traditional white uniform, the "Icon" edition, which is the team's primary color uniform, and two other uniform editions, to be unveiled at a later date.[51] Teams See also: List of defunct National Basketball
Basketball
Association teams, List of relocated National Basketball
Basketball
Association teams, Timeline of the National Basketball
Basketball
Association, and Expansion of National Basketball Association

Raptors Celtics Knicks Nets 76ers Bulls Cavaliers Pistons Pacers Bucks Hawks Hornets Heat Magic Wizards Mavericks Rockets Grizzlies Pelicans Spurs Nuggets Timberwolves Trail Blazers Thunder Jazz Warriors Kings Suns Clippers Lakers

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

The NBA originated in 1946 with 11 teams, and through a sequence of team expansions, reductions, and relocations currently consists of 30 teams. The United States
United States
is home to 29 teams and one is located in Canada. The current league organization divides thirty teams into two conferences of three divisions with five teams each. The current divisional alignment was introduced in the 2004–05 season. Reflecting the population distribution of the United States
United States
and Canada as a whole, most teams are in the eastern half of the country: thirteen teams are in the Eastern Time Zone, nine in the Central, three in the Mountain, and five in the Pacific.

Division Team City/State Arena Capacity Coordinates Founded Joined Head coach

Eastern Conference

Atlantic Boston
Boston
Celtics Boston, Massachusetts TD Garden 18,624 42°21′59″N 71°03′44″W / 42.366303°N 71.062228°W / 42.366303; -71.062228 ( Boston
Boston
Celtics) 1946 Brad Stevens

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Nets New York City, New York Barclays Center 17,732 40°40′58″N 73°58′29″W / 40.68265°N 73.974689°W / 40.68265; -73.974689 ( Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Nets) 1967* 1976 Kenny Atkinson

New York Knicks New York City, New York Madison Square Garden 19,812 40°45′02″N 73°59′37″W / 40.750556°N 73.993611°W / 40.750556; -73.993611 (New York Knicks) 1946 Jeff Hornacek

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Wells Fargo Center 21,600 39°54′04″N 75°10′19″W / 39.901111°N 75.171944°W / 39.901111; -75.171944 ( Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers) 1946* 1949 Brett Brown

Toronto
Toronto
Raptors Toronto, Ontario Air Canada
Canada
Centre 19,800 43°38′36″N 79°22′45″W / 43.643333°N 79.379167°W / 43.643333; -79.379167 ( Toronto
Toronto
Raptors) 1995 Dwane Casey

Central Chicago
Chicago
Bulls Chicago, Illinois United Center 20,917 41°52′50″N 87°40′27″W / 41.880556°N 87.674167°W / 41.880556; -87.674167 ( Chicago
Chicago
Bulls) 1966 Fred Hoiberg

Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers Cleveland, Ohio Quicken Loans Arena 20,562 41°29′47″N 81°41′17″W / 41.496389°N 81.688056°W / 41.496389; -81.688056 ( Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers) 1970 Tyronn Lue

Detroit
Detroit
Pistons Detroit, Michigan Little Caesars Arena 20,491 42°41′49″N 83°14′44″W / 42.696944°N 83.245556°W / 42.696944; -83.245556 ( Detroit
Detroit
Pistons) 1941* 1948 Stan Van Gundy

Indiana
Indiana
Pacers Indianapolis, Indiana Bankers Life Fieldhouse 17,923 39°45′50″N 86°09′20″W / 39.763889°N 86.155556°W / 39.763889; -86.155556 ( Indiana
Indiana
Pacers) 1967 1976 Nate McMillan

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Bucks Milwaukee, Wisconsin Bradley Center 18,717 43°02′37″N 87°55′01″W / 43.043611°N 87.916944°W / 43.043611; -87.916944 ( Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Bucks) 1968 Joe Prunty

Southeast Atlanta
Atlanta
Hawks Atlanta, Georgia Philips Arena 15,711 33°45′26″N 84°23′47″W / 33.757222°N 84.396389°W / 33.757222; -84.396389 ( Atlanta
Atlanta
Hawks) 1946* 1949 Mike Budenholzer

Charlotte Hornets Charlotte, North Carolina Spectrum Center 19,077 35°13′30″N 80°50′21″W / 35.225°N 80.839167°W / 35.225; -80.839167 (Charlotte Hornets) 1988* Steve Clifford

Miami
Miami
Heat Miami, Florida American Airlines Arena 19,600 25°46′53″N 80°11′17″W / 25.781389°N 80.188056°W / 25.781389; -80.188056 ( Miami
Miami
Heat) 1988 Erik Spoelstra

Orlando Magic Orlando, Florida Amway Center 18,846 28°32′21″N 81°23′01″W / 28.539167°N 81.383611°W / 28.539167; -81.383611 (Orlando Magic) 1989 Frank Vogel

Washington Wizards Washington, D.C. Capital One Arena 20,356 38°53′53″N 77°01′15″W / 38.898056°N 77.020833°W / 38.898056; -77.020833 (Washington Wizards) 1961* Scott Brooks

Western Conference

Northwest Denver
Denver
Nuggets Denver, Colorado Pepsi Center 19,520 39°44′55″N 105°00′27″W / 39.748611°N 105.0075°W / 39.748611; -105.0075 ( Denver
Denver
Nuggets) 1967 1976 Michael Malone

Minnesota
Minnesota
Timberwolves Minneapolis, Minnesota Target Center 19,356 44°58′46″N 93°16′34″W / 44.979444°N 93.276111°W / 44.979444; -93.276111 ( Minnesota
Minnesota
Timberwolves) 1989 Tom Thibodeau

Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
Thunder Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City, Oklahoma Chesapeake Energy Arena 18,203 35°27′48″N 97°30′54″W / 35.463333°N 97.515°W / 35.463333; -97.515 ( Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
Thunder) 1967* Billy Donovan

Portland Trail Blazers Portland, Oregon Moda Center 19,441 45°31′54″N 122°40′00″W / 45.531667°N 122.666667°W / 45.531667; -122.666667 (Portland Trail Blazers) 1970 Terry Stotts

Utah
Utah
Jazz Salt Lake City, Utah Vivint Smart Home Arena 19,911 40°46′06″N 111°54′04″W / 40.768333°N 111.901111°W / 40.768333; -111.901111 ( Utah
Utah
Jazz) 1974* Quin Snyder

Pacific Golden State Warriors Oakland, California Oracle Arena 19,596 37°45′01″N 122°12′11″W / 37.750278°N 122.203056°W / 37.750278; -122.203056 (Golden State Warriors) 1946* Steve Kerr

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Clippers Los Angeles, California Staples Center 19,060 34°02′35″N 118°16′02″W / 34.043056°N 118.267222°W / 34.043056; -118.267222 ( Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Clippers) 1970* Doc Rivers

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers Los Angeles, California Staples Center 18,997 34°02′35″N 118°16′02″W / 34.043056°N 118.267222°W / 34.043056; -118.267222 ( Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers) 1947* 1948 Luke Walton

Phoenix Suns Phoenix, Arizona Talking Stick Resort Arena 18,055 33°26′45″N 112°04′17″W / 33.445833°N 112.071389°W / 33.445833; -112.071389 (Phoenix Suns) 1968 Jay Triano

Sacramento Kings Sacramento, California Golden 1 Center 17,500 38°38′57″N 121°31′05″W / 38.649167°N 121.518056°W / 38.649167; -121.518056 (Sacramento Kings) 1923* 1948 Dave Joerger

Southwest Dallas
Dallas
Mavericks Dallas, Texas American Airlines Center 19,200 32°47′26″N 96°48′37″W / 32.790556°N 96.810278°W / 32.790556; -96.810278 ( Dallas
Dallas
Mavericks) 1980 Rick Carlisle

Houston
Houston
Rockets Houston, Texas Toyota Center 18,055 29°45′03″N 95°21′44″W / 29.750833°N 95.362222°W / 29.750833; -95.362222 ( Houston
Houston
Rockets) 1967* Mike D'Antoni

Memphis Grizzlies Memphis, Tennessee FedExForum 18,119 35°08′18″N 90°03′02″W / 35.138333°N 90.050556°W / 35.138333; -90.050556 (Memphis Grizzlies) 1995* J. B. Bickerstaff

New Orleans
New Orleans
Pelicans New Orleans, Louisiana Smoothie King Center 16,867 29°56′56″N 90°04′55″W / 29.948889°N 90.081944°W / 29.948889; -90.081944 ( New Orleans
New Orleans
Pelicans) 2002* Alvin Gentry

San Antonio
San Antonio
Spurs San Antonio, Texas AT&T Center 18,418 29°25′37″N 98°26′15″W / 29.426944°N 98.4375°W / 29.426944; -98.4375 ( San Antonio
San Antonio
Spurs) 1967* 1976 Gregg Popovich

Notes

An asterisk (*) denotes a franchise move. See the respective team articles for more information. The Fort Wayne Pistons, Minneapolis Lakers
Minneapolis Lakers
and Rochester Royals
Rochester Royals
all joined the NBA (BAA) in 1948 from the NBL. The Syracuse Nationals
Syracuse Nationals
and Tri-Cities Blackhawks
Tri-Cities Blackhawks
joined the NBA in 1949 as part of the BAA-NBL absorption. The Indiana
Indiana
Pacers, New York Nets, San Antonio
San Antonio
Spurs, and Denver Nuggets all joined the NBA in 1976 as part of the NBA-ABA merger. The Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
are regarded as a continuation of the original Charlotte franchise. Because of this, the New Orleans
New Orleans
Pelicans are no longer the same franchise as the original Charlotte Hornets. The Hornets were known as the Bobcats from 2004–2014. The New Orleans Pelicans were established in 2002. The Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
rejoined the league in 2004.

Regular season Following the summer break, teams begin training camps in late September. Training camps allow the coaching staff to evaluate players (especially rookies), scout the team's strengths and weaknesses, prepare the players for the rigorous regular season, and determine the 12-man active roster (and a 3-man inactive list) with which they will begin the regular season. Teams have the ability to assign players with less than two years of experience to the NBA G League. After training camp, a series of preseason exhibition games are held. Preseason matches are sometimes held in non-NBA cities, both in the United States
United States
and overseas. The NBA regular season begins in the last week of October. During the regular season, each team plays 82 games, 41 each home and away. A team faces opponents in its own division four times a year (16 games). Each team plays six of the teams from the other two divisions in its conference four times (24 games), and the remaining four teams three times (12 games). Finally, each team plays all the teams in the other conference twice apiece (30 games). This asymmetrical structure means the strength of schedule will vary between teams (but not as significantly as the NFL or MLB). Over five seasons, each team will have played 80 games against their division (20 games against each opponent, 10 at home, 10 on the road), 180 games against the rest of their conference (18 games against each opponent, 9 at home, 9 on the road), and 150 games against the other conference (10 games against each team, 5 at home, 5 on the road). The NBA is one of only two of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States
United States
and Canada
Canada
in which teams play every other team during the regular season (the other being the National Hockey League). Each team hosts and visits every other team at least once every season. From 2005 to 2008, the NBA had the distinction of being the only one of the four major leagues in which all teams play every other team. The NBA is also the only league that regularly schedules games on Christmas
Christmas
Day.[52] The league has been playing games regularly on the holiday since 1947,[53] though the first Christmas
Christmas
Day games were not televised until 1983–84.[54] Games played on this day have featured some of the best teams and players.[52][53][54] Christmas
Christmas
is also notable for NBA on television, as the holiday is when the first NBA games air on network television each season.[53][54] Games played on this day have been some of the highest-rated games during a particular season. In February, the regular season pauses to celebrate the annual NBA All-Star Game. Fans vote throughout the United States, Canada, and on the Internet, and the top vote-getters at each position in each conference are given a starting spot on their conference's All-Star team. Coaches vote to choose the remaining 14 All-Stars. Then, Eastern conference players face the Western conference players in the All-Star game. The player with the best performance during the game is rewarded with a Game MVP award. Other attractions of the All-Star break include the Rising Stars Challenge
Rising Stars Challenge
(originally Rookie Challenge), where the top rookies and second-year players in the NBA play in a 5-on-5 basketball game, with the current format pitting U.S. players against those from the rest of the world; the Skills Challenge, where players compete to finish an obstacle course consisting of shooting, passing, and dribbling in the fastest time; the Three Point Contest, where players compete to score the highest number of three-point field goals in a given time; and the NBA Slam Dunk Contest, where players compete to dunk the ball in the most entertaining way according to the judges. These other attractions have varying names which include the names of the various sponsors who have paid for naming rights. Shortly after the All-Star break is the trade deadline, which is set to fall on the 16th Thursday of the season (usually in February) at 3pm Eastern Time.[55] After this date, teams are not allowed to exchange players with each other for the remainder of the season, although they may still sign and release players. Major trades are often completed right before the trading deadline, making that day a hectic time for general managers. Around the middle of April, the regular season ends. It is during this time that voting begins for individual awards, as well as the selection of the honorary, league-wide, post-season teams. The Sixth Man of the Year Award is given to the best player coming off the bench (must have more games coming off the bench than actual games started). The Rookie of the Year Award is awarded to the most outstanding first-year player. The Most Improved Player Award is awarded to the player who is deemed to have shown the most improvement from the previous season. The Defensive Player of the Year Award is awarded to the league's best defender. The Coach of the Year Award is awarded to the coach that has made the most positive difference to a team. The Most Valuable Player Award is given to the player deemed the most valuable for (his team) that season. Additionally, Sporting News awards an unofficial (but widely recognized) Executive of the Year Award to the general manager who is adjudged to have performed the best job for the benefit of his franchise. The post-season teams are the All-NBA Team, the All-Defensive Team, and the All-Rookie Team; each consists of five players. There are three All-NBA teams, consisting of the top players at each position, with first-team status being the most desirable. There are two All-Defensive teams, consisting of the top defenders at each position. There are also two All-Rookie teams, consisting of the top first-year players regardless of position. Playoffs Main article: NBA Playoffs The NBA Playoffs
NBA Playoffs
begin in late April, with the top eight teams in each conference, regardless of divisional alignment, competing for the Championship. Seeds are awarded in strict order of regular-season record (with a tiebreaker system used as needed). Having a higher seed offers several advantages. Since the first seed begins the playoffs playing against the eighth seed, the second seed plays the seventh seed, the third seed plays the sixth seed, and the fourth seed plays the fifth seed, having a higher seed means a team faces a weaker team in the first round. The team in each series with the better record has home court advantage, including the First Round. Before the league changed its playoff determination format for the 2006–07 season, this meant that, for example, if the team that received the 6 seed had a better record than the team with the 3 seed (by virtue of a divisional championship), the 6 seed would have home court advantage, even though the other team had a higher seed. Therefore, the team with the best regular season record in the league is guaranteed home court advantage in every series it plays. For example, in 2006, the Denver Nuggets
Denver Nuggets
won 44 games and captured the Northwest Division and the #3 seed. Their opponent was the #6 seed Los Angeles Clippers, who won 47 games and finished second in the Pacific Division. Although Denver
Denver
won its much weaker division, the Clippers had home-court advantage and won the series in 5. The playoffs follow a tournament format. Each team plays an opponent in a best-of-seven series, with the first team to win four games advancing into the next round, while the other team is eliminated from the playoffs. In the next round, the successful team plays against another advancing team of the same conference. All but one team in each conference are eliminated from the playoffs. Since the NBA does not re-seed teams, the playoff bracket in each conference uses a traditional design, with the winner of the series matching the 1st and 8th seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the 4th and 5th seeded teams, and the winner of the series matching the 2nd and 7th seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the 3rd and 6th seeded teams. In every round, the best-of-7 series follows a 2–2–1–1–1 home-court pattern, meaning that one team will have home court in games 1, 2, 5, and 7, while the other plays at home in games 3, 4, and 6. From 1985 to 2013, the NBA Finals
NBA Finals
followed a 2–3–2 pattern, meaning that one team had home court in games 1, 2, 6, and 7, while the other played at home in games 3, 4, and 5.[56] The final playoff round, a best-of-seven series between the victors of both conferences, is known as the NBA Finals, and is held annually in June. The victor in the NBA Finals
NBA Finals
wins the Larry O'Brien
Larry O'Brien
Championship Trophy. Each player and major contributor—including coaches and the general manager—on the winning team receive a championship ring. In addition, the league awards the Bill Russell
Bill Russell
NBA Finals
NBA Finals
Most Valuable Player Award to the best performing player of the series. On August 2, 2006, the NBA announced a new playoff format. The new format took the three division winners and the second-place team with the best record in each conference, and ranked them 1–4 by record. The other slots in each conference were filled by the four remaining teams with the best records.[57] Previously, the top three seeds went to the division winners. The league began using its current format, with the top eight teams in each conference advancing regardless of divisional alignment, in the 2015–16 season.[58] League championships Main article: List of NBA champions The Boston Celtics
Boston Celtics
have won the most championships with 17 NBA Finals wins. The second most successful franchise is the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers, who have 16 overall championships (11 in Los Angeles, 5 in Minneapolis). Following the Lakers, are the Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
with six championships, all won over an 8-year span during the 1990s. The San Antonio Spurs have five championships, all since 1999, and the Golden State Warriors also have five championships overall (2 in Philadelphia, 3 in Oakland).

Teams Win Loss Total Year(s) won Year(s) lost

Boston
Boston
Celtics 17 4 21 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1986, 2008 1958, 1985, 1987, 2010

Minneapolis/ Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers 16 15 31 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1972, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1988, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2009, 2010 1959, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1991, 2004, 2008

Chicago
Chicago
Bulls 6 0 6 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998 —

Philadelphia/San Francisco/Golden State Warriors 5 4 9 1947, 1956, 1975, 2015, 2017 1948, 1964, 1967, 2016

San Antonio
San Antonio
Spurs 5 1 6 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2014 2013

Syracuse Nationals/ Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers 3 6 9 1955, 1967, 1983 1950, 1954, 1977, 1980, 1982, 2001

Fort Wayne/ Detroit
Detroit
Pistons 3 4 7 1989, 1990, 2004 1955, 1956, 1988, 2005

Miami
Miami
Heat 3 2 5 2006, 2012, 2013 2011, 2014

New York Knicks 2 6 8 1970, 1973 1951, 1952, 1953, 1972, 1994, 1999

Houston
Houston
Rockets 2 2 4 1994, 1995 1981, 1986

St. Louis/ Atlanta
Atlanta
Hawks 1 3 4 1958 1957, 1960, 1961

Baltimore/Washington Bullets (now Washington Wizards) 1 3 4 1978 1971, 1975, 1979

Seattle
Seattle
SuperSonics/ Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
Thunder 1 3 4 1979 1978, 1996, 2012

Cleveland
Cleveland
Cavaliers 1 3 4 2016 2007, 2015, 2017

Portland Trail Blazers 1 2 3 1977 1990, 1992

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Bucks 1 1 2 1971 1974

Dallas
Dallas
Mavericks 1 1 2 2011 2006

Baltimore Bullets (original) (folded in 1954) 1 0 1 1948 —

Rochester Royals
Rochester Royals
(now Sacramento Kings) 1 0 1 1951 —

Phoenix Suns 0 2 2 — 1976, 1993

Utah Jazz
Utah Jazz
(formerly New Orleans
New Orleans
Jazz) 0 2 2 — 1997, 1998

New Jersey Nets
New Jersey Nets
(now Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Nets) 0 2 2 — 2002, 2003

Orlando Magic 0 2 2 — 1995, 2009

Chicago
Chicago
Stags (folded in 1950) 0 1 1 — 1947

Washington Capitols (folded in 1951) 0 1 1 — 1949

Indiana
Indiana
Pacers 0 1 1 — 2000

Current teams that have no NBA Finals
NBA Finals
appearances:

Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
(formerly Charlotte Bobcats) Denver
Denver
Nuggets Los Angeles Clippers
Los Angeles Clippers
(formerly Buffalo Braves, San Diego Clippers) Memphis Grizzlies
Memphis Grizzlies
(formerly Vancouver Grizzlies) Minnesota
Minnesota
Timberwolves New Orleans
New Orleans
Pelicans (formerly New Orleans
New Orleans
Hornets, New Orleans/ Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
Hornets) Toronto
Toronto
Raptors

Media coverage Main article: National Basketball
Basketball
Association on television See also: List of current National Basketball
Basketball
Association broadcasters As one of the major sports leagues in North America, the National Basketball
Basketball
Association has a long history of partnership with television networks in the United States. The League signed a contract with DuMont in its 8th season (1953–54), marking the first year the NBA had a national television broadcaster. Similar to NFL, the lack of television stations leads to NBC taking over the rights beginning the very next season until April 7, 1962 - NBC's first tenure with the NBA. Currently in the U.S., the NBA has a contract with ESPN
ESPN
and TNT through the 2024–25 season. Games that are not broadcast nationally are usually aired over regional sports network specific to the area where the teams are located. International competitions The National Basketball
Basketball
Association has sporadically participated in international club competitions. From 1987 to 1999 the NBA champions played against the continental champions of the Fédération Internationale de Basketball
Basketball
(FIBA) in the McDonald's Championship. This tournament was won by the NBA invitee every year it was held.[59] Ticket prices and viewership demographics In 2012, a ticket cost from $10 to $3,000 apiece, depending on the location of the seat and the success of the teams that were playing.[60] Viewership demographics According to Nielsen's survey, the NBA has the youngest audience, with 45 percent of its viewers under 35, but the least likely, along with Major League Baseball, to be watched by women, who make up only 30% of the viewership. It also has the highest share of black viewers with 45 percent of its viewers being black and only about 40 percent of viewers being white, making it the only top North American sport that doesn't have a white majority audience.[61] Notable people Further information: Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame Presidents and commissioners Further information: Commissioner of the NBA

Maurice Podoloff, President from 1946 to 1963 Walter Kennedy, President from 1963 to 1967 and Commissioner from 1967 to 1975 Larry O'Brien, Commissioner from 1975 to 1984 David Stern, Commissioner from 1984 to 2014 Adam Silver, Commissioner from 2014 to present

Players

50 Greatest Players in NBA History Lists of National Basketball
Basketball
Association players

List of foreign NBA players, a list that is exclusively for players who are not from the United States

Foreign players International influence Further information: List of foreign NBA players Following pioneers like Vlade Divac
Vlade Divac
(Serbia) and Dražen Petrović (Croatia) who joined the NBA in the late 1980s, an increasing number of international players have moved directly from playing elsewhere in the world to starring in the NBA. Below is a short list of foreign players who have won NBA awards or have been otherwise recognized for their contributions to basketball, either currently or formerly active in the league:

Dražen Petrović, Croatia
Croatia
– 2002 inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame, 1986, 1989, 1992, 1993 Euroscar Player of the Year, 1986 and 1993 Mr. Europa
Mr. Europa
Player of the Year, MVP of the 1986 FIBA
FIBA
World Championship and EuroBasket 1989, 2-time Olympic silver medalist, World Champion, European Champion, 50 Greatest EuroLeague
EuroLeague
Contributors Šarūnas Marčiulionis, Lithuania
Lithuania
– 2014 inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame. First Soviet Union and one of the very first Europeans to sign contract with NBA club and to play solidly in the league, helping to lead the way for the internationalization of the league in the late 1990s. Toni Kukoč, Croatia
Croatia
– 3-time NBA Champion with Chicago Bulls
Chicago Bulls
(1996, 1997, 1998), named in 2008 as one of the 50 Greatest EuroLeague Contributors Vlade Divac, Serbia
Serbia
– 2-time Olympic silver medalist, 2001 NBA All-Star, 2-time World Champion, 3-time European Champion, 1989 Mr. Europa, 50 Greatest EuroLeague
EuroLeague
Contributors Arvydas Sabonis, Lithuania – 2011 inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1995, 1999 Euroscar
Euroscar
Player of the Year, 1985, 1997 Mr. Europa
Mr. Europa
Player of the Year, Olympic gold medalist in 1988 with the Soviet Union and bronze medalist in 1992 and 1996 with Lithuania, 1996 NBA All-Rookie First Team, 50 Greatest EuroLeague
EuroLeague
Contributors Peja Stojaković, Serbia
Serbia
– NBA Champion with Dallas
Dallas
Mavericks (2011), MVP of the EuroBasket 2001, member of the all-tournament team in the 2002 FIBA
FIBA
World Championship, 2001 Euroscar
Euroscar
winner, 2001 and 2002 Mr. Europa, 2002 and 2003 NBA Three-Point Shootout champion, 3-time NBA All-Star
NBA All-Star
(drafted in 1996, entered the NBA in 1998) Dirk Nowitzki, Germany – NBA Champion with Dallas
Dallas
Mavericks (2011), MVP of the 2002 FIBA
FIBA
World Championship and EuroBasket 2005, member of the all-tournament team in the 2002 FIBA
FIBA
World Championship, 2002–2006 and 2011 Euroscar
Euroscar
winner, 2005 Mr. Europa, 2005 and 2011 FIBA
FIBA
Europe Player of the Year, 2007 NBA MVP, 2011 Bill Russell
Bill Russell
NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award, 2006 NBA Three-Point Shootout champion and 13-time NBA All-Star
NBA All-Star
(entered the NBA in 1998) Hedo Türkoğlu, Turkey – 2008 Most Improved Player Award winner, member of the all-tournament team in the 2010 FIBA
FIBA
World Championship (entered the NBA in 2000) Pau Gasol, Spain – 2-time NBA Champion with Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers (2009 & 2010), Six time NBA All-Star, 2002 NBA Rookie of the Year, 2004 and 2009 Mr. Europa, 2006 FIBA
FIBA
World Championship MVP, 2008 and 2009 Euroscar
Euroscar
and FIBA
FIBA
Europe Player of the Year, EuroBasket 2009
EuroBasket 2009
MVP, winner of the NBA Citizenship Award in 2012 (entered the NBA in 2001) Andrei Kirilenko, Russia – 2004 NBA All-Star, EuroBasket 2007 MVP, 2007 FIBA
FIBA
Europe Player of the Year (drafted in 1999, played in the NBA from 2001 to 2011 before returning to Russia due to the lockout, returned in 2012 as a member of the Minnesota
Minnesota
Timberwolves.) Tony Parker, France – 4-time NBA Champion with the Spurs, 2007 NBA Finals
NBA Finals
MVP, 6-time All-Star and 2007 Euroscar
Euroscar
winner (entered the NBA in 2001) Manu Ginóbili, Argentina – 4-time NBA Champion with San Antonio Spurs, 2008 Sixth Man Award winner, 2-time All-Star, 50 Greatest EuroLeague
EuroLeague
Contributors, gold medal in the 2004 Summer Olympics with Argentina
Argentina
(drafted in 1999, entered the NBA in 2002) Yao Ming, China – 2016 inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame, first pick in the 2002 NBA draft
2002 NBA draft
and 8-time NBA All-Star
NBA All-Star
(played in the NBA from 2002 to 2011) Leandro Barbosa, Brazil – NBA Champion with Golden State Warriors (2015),[62] 2007 Sixth Man Award winner (entered the NBA in 2003) Andrea Bargnani, Italy – First pick in the 2006 NBA draft
2006 NBA draft
by the Toronto
Toronto
Raptors (entered the NBA in 2006)

On some occasions, young players, most but not all from the English-speaking world, have attended U.S. colleges before playing in the NBA. Notable examples are:

Nigerian Hakeem Olajuwon
Hakeem Olajuwon
(top draft pick in 1984, 2-time champion, 12-time All-Star, 1994 MVP, 1994 and 1995 Finals MVP, 1994 and 1995 Defensive Player of the Year, only player to receive the MVP Award, Defensive Player of the Year Award, and Finals MVP award in the same season, and Hall of Famer) Congolese Dikembe Mutombo
Dikembe Mutombo
(Four time NBA Defensive Player of the Year, selected fourth overall by the Denver Nuggets
Denver Nuggets
in the 1991 NBA Draft and 8-time NBA All-Star) Dutchman Rik Smits
Rik Smits
(1988 second overall pick, 1998 NBA All-Star, played 12 years for the Indiana
Indiana
Pacers) German Detlef Schrempf
Detlef Schrempf
(Sixth Man Award winner in 1991 and 1992, 3-time All-Star) Canadian Steve Nash
Steve Nash
(2005 and 2006 MVP, 8-time All-Star) Australians Luc Longley (3-time champion with the Bulls in the 1990s) and Andrew Bogut, (top draft pick in 2005). Sudanese-born Englishman Luol Deng
Luol Deng
(2007 winner of the NBA Sportsmanship Award, 2-time All-Star)

Since 2006, the NBA has faced EuroLeague
EuroLeague
teams in exhibition matches in the NBA Europe Live Tour, and since 2009 in the EuroLeague
EuroLeague
American Tour. The 2013–14 season opened with a record 92 international players on the opening night rosters, representing 39 countries and comprising over 20% of the league[24] The NBA defines "international" players as those born outside the 50 United States
United States
and Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
This means that:

Players born in U.S. possessions such as Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
and the U.S., Virgin Islands, most notably USVI native Tim Duncan, are counted as "international" even though they are U.S. citizens by birth, and may even have represented the U.S. in international competition (like Duncan). U.S.-born players are not counted as "international" even if they were born with citizenship in another country and represent that country internationally, such as Joakim Noah, and Kosta Koufos.

Coaches

List of current National Basketball
Basketball
Association head coaches List of National Basketball
Basketball
Association head coaches List of National Basketball
Basketball
Association player-coaches List of NBA championship head coaches List of foreign NBA coaches Top 10 Coaches in NBA History

See also

Basketball
Basketball
portal National Basketball
Basketball
Association portal

List of American and Canadian cities by number of major professional sports franchises List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues List of NBA champions List of National Basketball
Basketball
Association awards List of professional sports teams in the United States
United States
and Canada List of TV markets and major sports teams in the United States Major professional sports leagues in the United States
United States
and Canada National Basketball
Basketball
Association Cheerleading National Basketball
Basketball
Association Nielsen ratings National Basketball
Basketball
Association rivalries NBA Salary Cap List of NBA Playoffs
NBA Playoffs
Series NBA Summer League

Affiliates

NBA G League
NBA G League
(formerly the NBA Development League) Women's National Basketball
Basketball
Association (WNBA)

Miscellaneous

Criticisms and controversies Music Nielsen ratings

Mobile Applications

ESPN
ESPN
MVP Mobilecdn

Mozilla Firefox Addons

NBA Scoreboard

Notable statistics

List of NBA franchise post-season droughts List of NBA franchise post-season streaks

Store

NBA Store

Television partners

ABC CBS ESPN Kwesé Sports NBA TV NBC TNT

Video games

NBA 06 NBA 07 NBA 08 NBA 09: The Inside NBA 2K NBA Ballers NBA Ballers: Chosen One NBA Ballers: Phenom NBA Ballers: Rebound NBA Hangtime NBA Hoopz NBA Jam NBA Live NBA Showtime: NBA on NBC NBA Street

References

^ a b Koppett, Leonard (December 7, 2007). "The NBA -- 1946: A New League". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved March 8, 2016. On June 6, 1946-two years to the day after the invasion of Normandy, exactly ten months after the first atom bomb fell on Japan-they formed the Basketball
Basketball
Association of America during a meeting at New York's Commodore Hotel, next to Grand Central Station.  ^ "Members of USA Basketball". USA Basketball. June 28, 2015. Archived from the original on June 30, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.  ^ "REVEALED: The world's best paid teams, Man City close in on Barca and Real Madrid". SportingIntelligence.com. May 1, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.  ^ Gaines, Cork. "The NBA is the highest-paying sports league in the world". BusinessInsider.com. Retrieved 20 May 2015.  ^ Goldaper, Sam. "The First Game". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved March 8, 2016.  ^ "History of Basketball
Basketball
in Canada". NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Retrieved April 13, 2007.  ^ a b The Official NBA Basketball
Basketball
Encyclopedia. Villard Books. 1994. p. 34. ISBN 0-679-43293-0.  ^ "NBA is born". History. Retrieved July 29, 2010.  ^ a b McDowell, Sam (March 9, 2013). "Sumner grad Harold Hunter, first African-American to sign with NBA team, dies at 86". Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on March 12, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2013.  ^ "NBA pioneer Harold Hunter, an ex-Xavier coach, died Thursday". Times-Picayune. March 7, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2013.  ^ "Former Tennessee
Tennessee
State basketball coach Harold Hunter dies". The City Paper. March 7, 2013. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2013.  ^ "1949–51: Lakers Win First NBA Finals". Retrieved July 30, 2010.  ^ "NBA Rules History". NBA. May 8, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2010.  ^ "Championship Wins Celtics.com – The official website of the Boston
Boston
Celtics". Nba.com. Retrieved January 5, 2012.  ^ Salzberg, Charles (1998). From Set Shot to Slam Dunk. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-8032-9250-5.  ^ Crowe, Jerry (April 27, 2011). "That iconic NBA silhouette can be traced back to him". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved May 23, 2011.  ^ NBA Logo Review CompanyLogos.ws. Retrieved on May 22, 2011. ^ "1970–71 SEASON OVERVIEW". NBA. Retrieved July 30, 2010.  ^ Withers, Tom (June 15, 2009). "Redemption: Bryant leads Lakers to 15th NBA title". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved August 5, 2010.  ^ MacMahon, Tim (February 15, 2010). "Record crowd at All-Star Game". ESPN. Retrieved July 25, 2010.  ^ Beacham, Greg (June 18, 2010). "Lakers edge Celtics in Game 7, win 16th title". Yahoo! Sports. Archived from the original on August 5, 2011. Retrieved July 30, 2010.  ^ Stein, Marc (October 11, 2011). "NBA cancels first 2 weeks of season". ESPN. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ "N.B.A. Owners and Players Ratify Labor Deal". The New York Times. December 9, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2016.  ^ a b Helin, Kurt (October 29, 2013). "Record 92 foreign players on NBA rosters to start season". Retrieved December 8, 2016.  ^ "NBA D-League Frequently Asked Questions". National Basketball Association. Retrieved January 5, 2012.  ^ "NBA Introduces New Game Ball". NBA. June 28, 2006. Retrieved July 30, 2010.  ^ Stein, Marc (December 12, 2006). "Leather ball will return on Jan. 1". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ Stein, Marc (December 8, 2006). "NBA ball controversy reaches new level". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ Dator, James (June 26, 2017). "The Hornets will be the only NBA team to have jerseys licensed by Jumpman". SB Nation. Retrieved July 6, 2017.  ^ Donaghy under investigation for betting on NBA games, ESPN. July 20, 2007. ^ "2002 Lakers-Kings Game 6 at heart of Donaghy allegations". June 11, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2010.  ^ Virgin, Ryan (April 13, 2010). " David Stern
David Stern
and Tim Donaghy's Motives Are Not That Different". Retrieved January 3, 2015.  ^ Beech, Ronald (2008). "Reviewing the calls: Lakers-Kings Game 6". Retrieved January 3, 2015.  ^ "NBA Board of Governors Approve Sonics Move to Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City
Pending Resolution of Litigation". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. April 18, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "NBA Commissioner David Stern
David Stern
Statement on Settlement Between Sonics and the City of Seattle". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. July 2, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.  ^ McMenamin, Dave (October 12, 2008). "Outdoor game sees shooting, temperature drop". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved July 25, 2010.  ^ "NBA, referees agree to two-year deal, ending lockout". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Associated Press. October 23, 2009. Retrieved June 3, 2017.  ^ Sheridan, Chris (October 26, 2009). "NBA refs to return for regular season". ESPN. Retrieved August 5, 2010.  ^ "Lays off 11 percent of workforce". Philstar.com. Retrieved January 5, 2012. [permanent dead link] ^ "JAY-Z Announces He Will Open the Barclays Center
Barclays Center
in September 2012" (Press release). Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Nets. September 26, 2011. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2011.  ^ "NBA announces new anti-flopping rule" (Press release). National Basketball
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Association. October 3, 2012. Retrieved April 15, 2016.  ^ "NBA sets flopping fines aimed at repeat offenders". Sports Illustrated. October 3, 2012. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012. Retrieved April 15, 2016.  ^ " New Orleans
New Orleans
Pelicans Officially Adopt New Namesake". New Orleans Pelicans. April 18, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ " Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
Name Returns to Carolinas". NBA.com. May 20, 2014. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014.  ^ "Clippers owner Sterling banned for life by the NBA". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Associated Press. April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2016.  ^ "Spurs make WNBA's Hammon first female NBA assistant". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Associated Press. August 5, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2016.  ^ a b Fagan, Kate (August 5, 2014). " Becky Hammon
Becky Hammon
was born to coach". ESPN. Retrieved April 15, 2016.  ^ Mahoney, Brian (April 15, 2016). "NBA to begin selling jersey sponsorships in 2017-18". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Associated Press. Retrieved April 15, 2016.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers And StubHub
StubHub
Announce First Jersey Sponsorship In Major American Professional Sports" (Press release). Philadelphia 76ers. May 15, 2016. Retrieved January 31, 2017.  ^ "A first look at the NBA's refreshed logo". National Basketball Association. July 6, 2017. Retrieved December 18, 2017.  ^ Whitaker, Lang (July 18, 2017). "NBA, Nike unveil new uniforms for 2017-18 season". National Basketball
Basketball
Association. Retrieved December 18, 2017.  ^ a b Schuhmann, John (December 17, 2009). "Knicks, Kobe and more part of Christmas
Christmas
Day lore". NBA.com. Retrieved December 27, 2010.  ^ a b c Eisenberg, Jeff (December 24, 2009). " Christmas
Christmas
Tradition". The Riverside (Ca.) Press-Enterprise. p. B1.  ^ a b c Garcia, Art (December 21, 2009). " Christmas
Christmas
Day clashes bring back fond memories". NBA.com. Retrieved December 27, 2010.  ^ "NBA Trading Deadline Trades Since 1987". NBA.com. Retrieved January 5, 2012.  ^ "NBA owners change Finals format to 2–2–1–1–1". NBA. October 23, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2015.  ^ "NBA announces postseason seeding format change". ESPN. August 2, 2006. Retrieved July 25, 2010.  ^ "NBA to seed playoff teams in each conference by record". NBA.com. Associated Press. September 8, 2015. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ "New club basketball championship to debut in 2010". ESPN.com. December 9, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ Reader's Digest: 50. January 2013.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Thompson, Derek. "Which Sports Have the Whitest/Richest/Oldest Fans?". Retrieved December 8, 2016.  ^ Salvadore, Damon (17 June 2015). " Leandro Barbosa
Leandro Barbosa
Makes NBA History as Golden State Warriors
Golden State Warriors
Defeat Cleveland Cavaliers
Cleveland Cavaliers
in Finals". Latin Post. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 

Further reading

Rosen, Charley (2009). The First Tip-Off: The Incredible Story of the Birth of the NBA. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-148785-9.  Editors of Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
(2007). Sports Illustrated: The Basketball
Basketball
Book. Sports Illustrated. ISBN 1-933821-19-1. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Havlicek, John (2003). NBA's Greatest 1st edition. DK. ISBN 0-7894-9977-0.  Peterson, Robert W. (2002). Cages to Jump Shots: Pro Basketball's Early Years. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-8772-0. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Basketball Association.

Official website

The league also has an official English-language website with a more worldwide perspective, with emphasis on stories outside North America. Localized English-language versions, some of which are partnerships with regional media outlets, also exist for Africa, Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, and the Philippines.

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 122790672 LCCN: n50063691 ISNI: 0000 0004 0472 7354 GND: 5103713-0 SUDOC: 033915261 BNF:

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