The current National Assembly, formed following elections held on 16 October 2009, has a total of 63 members. 57 members are directly elected in single member constituencies using the simple-majority (or First-past-the-post) system for a term of five years. Four members are co-opted (by secret ballot of the rest of the Assembly) while the remaining two (the President and Attorney-general) are ex officio.
|Botswana Democratic Party||38|
|Specially elected MPs||4|
|President of Botswana||1|
|Botswana Congress Party||2|
|Umbrella for Democratic Change||17|
|Political Party||Election Year|
|Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)||28||24||27||29||29||31||27||33||44||45|
|Botswana National Front (BNF)||-||03||02||02||04||03||13||06||12||06|
|Botswana People's Party (BPP)||03||03||02||01||01||-||-||-||-||-|
|Botswana Independence Party (BIP)||-||01||01||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Botswana Congress Party (BCP)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||01||01||04|
|Botswana Alliance Movement (BAM)||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||01|
Note: In the pre-independence 1965 election, the Botswana Democratic Party was known as the Bechuanaland Democratic party and the Botswana People's Party was known as the Bechuanaland People's Party.
Despite being a one party dominant state since independence, all elections held in the country have been considered democratic, free, and fair.