NASTAʿLīQ (Persian : نستعلیق, from نسخ Naskh and
تعلیق Taʿlīq) is one of the main calligraphic hands used in
Persian script , and traditionally the predominant style
A less elaborate version of Nastaʿlīq serves as the preferred style
for writing in Kashmiri , Punjabi and
Nastaʿlīq is the core script of the post-
Nastaʿlīq is amongst the most fluid calligraphy styles for the
Two important forms of Nastaʿlīq panels are Chalipa and Siah-Mashq . A Chalipa ("cross", in Persian) panel usually consists of four diagonal hemistiches (half-lines) of poetry, clearly signifying a moral, ethical or poetic concept. Siah- Mashq ("black drill") panels, however, communicate via composition and form, rather than content. In Siah-Mashq, repeating a few letters or words (sometimes even one) virtually inks the whole panel. The content is thus of less significance and not clearly accessible.
* 1 History * 2 Notable Nastaʿlīq calligraphers * 3 Etiquette
* 4 Nastaʿlīq typesetting
* 4.1 Nastaʿlīq electronic publishing and DTP
* 5.1 Gallery
* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links
Islamic conquest of Persia
Nastaʿlīq thrived, and many prominent calligraphers contributed to its splendor and beauty. It is believed that Nastaʿlīq reached its highest elegance in Mir Emad 's works. The current practice of Nastaʿlīq is, however, heavily based on Mirza Reza Kalhor 's technique. Kalhor modified and adapted Nastaʿlīq to be easily used with printing machines, which in turn helped wide dissemination of his transcripts. He also devised methods for teaching Nastaʿlīq and specified clear proportional rules for it, which many could follow.
Nastaʿlīq is a descendant of Nasḫ and Taʿlīq. Shikasta Nastaʿlīq (literally "broken Nastaʿlīq") style is a development of Nastaʿlīq.
NOTABLE NASTAʿLīQ CALLIGRAPHERS
Example showing «خط نستعلیق» (Nastaʿlīq script) written in Nastaʿlīq.
And others, including Mirza Jafar Tabrizi, Abdul Rashid Deilami, Sultan Ali Mashadi, Mir Ali Heravi, Emad Ul-Kottab, Mirza Gholam Reza Esfehani, Emadol Kotab, Yaghoot Mostasami, and Darvish Abdol Majid Taleghani.
And among contemporary artists: Hassan Mirkhani, Hossein Mirkhani, Abbas Akhavein and Qolam-Hossein Amirkhani, Ali Akbar Kaveh, Kaboli.
A Nastaʿlīq disciple was supposed to qualify himself spiritually for being a calligrapher, besides learning how to prepare qalam, ink, paper and, more importantly, master Nastaʿlīq. For instance see Adab al-Mashq, a manual of penmanship attributed to Mir Emad .
Folio of Poetry From the Divan of Sultan Husayn Mirza, ca. 1490.
Quatrain on the Virtue of Patience by Muhammad Muhsin Lahuri of the
Spousal Advice by Abdallah Lahuri of the
Nastaʿlīq Typography first started with attempts to develop a metallic type for the script, but all such efforts failed. Fort William College developed a Nastaʿlīq Type, which was not close enough to Nastaʿlīq and hence was never used other than by the college library to publish its own books. The State of Hyderabad Dakan (now in India) also attempted to develop a Nastaʿlīq Typewriter but this attempt failed miserably and the file was closed with the phrase “Preparation of Nastaʿlīq on commercial basis is impossible”. Basically, in order to develop such a metal type, thousands of pieces would be required.
Modern Nastaʿlīq typography began with the invention of Noori
Nastaleeq which was first created as a digital font in 1981 through
the collaboration of
Mirza Ahmad Jamil TI (as Calligrapher) and
NASTAʿLīQ ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING AND DTP
In 1994, InPage Urdu, which is a fully functional page layout software for Windows akin to Quark XPress , was developed for Pakistan's newspaper industry. This was done by an Indian software company – Concept Software Pvt Ltd – led by Rarendra Pratap Singh and Vijay Krishan Gupta, with the input and help of Firoz Hashmi expert in calligraphy text-decoration: none">Nastaʿlīq fonts which were created by Syed Manzar Hasan Zaidi. They licensed and improved the Noori Nastaliq font from Monotype at that time. This font, with its vast ligature base of over 20,000, is still used in current versions of the software for Windows. As of 2009 InPage has become Unicode based, supporting more languages, and the Faiz Lahori Nastaliq font with Kasheeda developed by Syed Manzar Hasan Zaidi, Axis SoftMedia Pvt. Ltd., has been added to it along with compatibility with OpenType Unicode fonts. Nastaliq Kashish has been made for the first time in the history of Nastaʿlīq Typography.
InPage has been widely marketed and sold in the UK,
Nowadays, nearly all
Shekasteh or Shekasteh NASTAʿLīQ (Persian : شکستهنستعلیق; "cursive Nastaʿlīq", or literally "broken Nastaʿlīq") style is a successor of Nastaʿlīq.
A line of poetry by the Iranian poet
A ruba\'i of
Fath Ali Shah Qajar
* ^ The Cambridge History of Islam. By P. M. Holt, et al.,
Cambridge University Press, 1977, ISBN 0-521-29138-0 , p. 723.
* ^ Hamed, Payman. "Famous Calligraphers - Persian Calligraphy- All
about Persian Calligraphy". www.persiancalligraphy.org.
* ^ ""The Scripts"".
* ^ "Famous Calligraphers". Persian Calligraphy. Retrieved 12
* ^ Nastaliq Script – Persian
* Habib-ollah Feza'eli, Ta'lim-e Khatt, Tehran: Sorush, 1977 (in Persian) * Sheila Blair, Islamic Calligraphy, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005. * H.R. Ghelichkhānī, The Oldest Inscriptions written in the Nast‘alīq Calligraphic Hand, Quarterly Naqd-O-Taḥqīq, ISSN 2454-2563 , Editor: S. Naqi Abbas (Kaify), Volume 1, Issue IV, pp. 48–54, Oct-Nov-Dec. 2015, New Delhi (in Persian)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to NASTALIQ .
* Rumicode: Online Service For Nastaʿlīq Calligraphy
* Nastaliq Online: Online Service For Nastaʿlīq Calligraphy
* Download Nastaʿlīq Unicode Font by the Supreme Council of ICT
* Download IPA for