Nampo Dam


The Nampho Dam or West Sea Dam, also known as the West Sea Barrage or West Sea Lock Gate, is a
tidal barrage A tidal barrage is a dam-like structure used to capture the energy In physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge w ...
located 15 km west of the special city of
Nampho Nampo (North Korean official spelling: ''Nampho''; ), also spelled Namp'o, is the second largest city in North Korea by population and an important seaport in North Korea, which lies on the northern shore of the Taedong River, 15 km east of ...
North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu River, Yalu (Amnok) and Tu ...

North Korea
. It is a large, eight-km-long system of dams, three lock chambers, and 36
sluice A sluice ( ) is a water channel sometimes controlled by a gate or lock Lock(s) may refer to: Common meanings *, a mechanical device used to secure items of importance *, a device for boats to transit between different levels of water, as in ...

s, allowing the passage of ships up to 50,000 tons. The dam closes the
Taedong River The Taedong River (Chosŏn'gŭl: ) is a large river in North Korea. The river rises in the Rangrim Mountains of the country's north where it then flows southwest into Korea Bay at Namp'o.Suh, Dae-Sook (1987) "North Korea in 1986: Strengthening ...
off from the Yellow Sea. It was built by the Korean People's Army, North Korean Army from 1981 to 1986, with the resources of the whole country directed to this main construction project. The Sohae Kammun Line, West Sea Barrage Line runs over the dam. The stated goal of the dam was: * The prevention of seawater intrusion into the fresh water, thus solving the water supply problem; * The irrigation of additional land, enlarging the arable territory of the region. The dam is considered a major accomplishment of North Korea,North Korea
, ''Travel the Whole World'', Retrieved 2011-05-03 and is a commonly seen backdrop for North Korean television news broadcasts from Korean Central News Agency. It is also a popular stop for tour groups of international tourists, for whom there is a visitor centre on P'i Do Island where films are shown about the construction of the dam and the locks. The dam's estimated total cost was US$4 billion.Oh, Kong Dan & Ralph C. Hassig. ''North Korea Through the Looking Glass'', Brookings Institution Press, 2000, p53


a The term West Sea Gate or West Sea Lock are also used for a smaller dam located in Incheon, South Korea.


External links

Interactive Virtual Tour of Nampo Dam
* {{cite news, last1=Kristof, first1=Nicholas D., title=In North Korea, Dam Reflects 'Great Leader's' State of Mind, url=, work=The New York Times, date=5 July 1989 * North Korean propaganda film on the West Sea Barrage, via YouTube
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Dams in North Korea South Pyongan Dams completed in 1986 Tidal barrages Buildings and structures in Nampo 1986 establishments in North Korea