The NAME OF ITALY is at least 3000 years old and has a history that
goes back to pre-Roman
Italy . It initially referred to the tip of the
Italian peninsula, now called
Calabria ; during the
Roman Empire , it
was extended to refer to the whole Italian geographical region
(including the islands of
* 1 History
* 1.1 Etymology
* 2 See also
* 3 References
* 4 External links
Expansion of the territory called "Italia" until emperor
Italia, the ancient name of the
Italian peninsula , which is also
eponymous of the modern republic , originally applied only to a part
of what is now Southern
Antiochus of Syracuse , it included only the southern
portion of the Bruttium peninsula (modern
Calabria ): the actual
province of Reggio
Calabria and part of the modern provinces of
Catanzaro and Vibo Valentia . The town of Catanzaro has a road sign
(in Italian) also stating this fact.
But by this time
Italy had become synonymous and the
name also applied to most of
Lucania as well. Coins bearing the name
Italia were minted by an alliance of Italic peoples (
Umbrians and others) competing with Rome in the 1st century
The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger
region, but it was during the reign of
Augustus , at the end of the
1st century BC, that the term was expanded to cover the entire
peninsula until the Alps, now entirely under Roman rule .
Diocletian the Roman region called "Italia" was further
enlarged with the addition of the three big islands of the western
Mediterranean Sea :
Sicily (with the
Maltese archipelago ), Sardinia
Dante in the 14th century wrote that the borders of what is
geographically and historically called "Italia" are clearly defined in
the north by the Alps (from the Vare river near
Montecarlo to the Arsa
Istria ) and, going down the Italian peninsula, in the south
Sicily and its islands.
The ultimate etymology of the name is uncertain, in spite of numerous
suggestions. According to the most widely accepted explanation, Latin
Italia may derive from Oscan víteliú, meaning " of young cattle"
(c.f. Lat vitulus "calf", Umbrian vitlu), via Greek transmission
(evidenced in the loss of initial digamma ). The bull was a symbol of
Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman
wolf as a defiant symbol of free
Italy during the Social War . Greek
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with
the legend that
Italy was named after
Italus , mentioned also by
After the fall of the Western
Roman Empire and the Lombard invasions,
"Italia" was retained as the name for their kingdom , and for its
successor kingdom within the Holy
Roman Empire , which nominally
lasted until 1806, although it had de facto disintegrated due to
factional politics pitting the empire against the ascendant city
republics in the 13th century.
* History of
* ^ "The Origins of the Name \'Italy\'". Arcaini.com. Retrieved
* ^ "History of
Calabria - Passion For Italy".
Passionforitaly.info. Retrieved 2015-08-25.
* ^ "+ nome +". Bellevacanze.it. Retrieved 2015-08-25.
* ^ "italian travel team
Italy Guide". YouTube.
2011-03-01. Retrieved 2015-08-25.
* ^ "Billboard image" (JPG). Procopiocaterina.files.wordpress.com.
* ^ Guillotining, M., History of Earliest Italy, trans. Ryle, M &
Soper, K. in Jerome Lectures, Seventeenth Series, p.50
* ^ Pallottino, M., History of Earliest Italy, trans. Ryle, M
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