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Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture (長野県, Nagano-ken) is a landlocked prefecture of Japan
Japan
located in the Chūbu region
Chūbu region
on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital is the city of Nagano.[2] Due to the abundance of mountain ranges in this area, the land available for inhabitance is relatively limited. Nagano
Nagano
has impressive highland areas, including most of the Kita-Alps, Chūō-Alps, and Minami-Alps, which extend into the neighbouring prefectures. In addition to its natural scenic beauty and rich history, Nagano
Nagano
was host to the 1998 Winter Olympics, which gained the prefecture international recognition as a world-class winter sport destination, and a Shinkansen
Shinkansen
line to Tokyo.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Cities 2.2 Towns and villages 2.3 Mergers

3 Demographics 4 Transportation

4.1 Railway 4.2 Road

4.2.1 Expressways 4.2.2 National highways

4.3 Airports

5 Education

5.1 Universities

6 Tourism 7 Sports 8 Prefectural symbols 9 Sister cities 10 Personalities 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

History[edit] See also: Historic Sites of Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture See Shinano Province. Geography[edit] Nagano
Nagano
is an inland prefecture and it borders more prefectures than any other in Japan. Nagano
Nagano
contains the point furthest from the sea in the whole of Japan
Japan
- this point lies within the city of Saku. The province's mountains have made it relatively isolated, and many visitors come to Nagano
Nagano
for its mountain resorts and hot springs. Nine of the twelve highest mountains in Japan
Japan
can be found in Nagano
Nagano
and one of its lakes, Lake Kizaki, is a beach resort popular for its water attractions and games. As of 1 April 2014, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Chūbu-Sangaku, Jōshin'etsu Kōgen, and Minami Alps National Parks; Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen, Tenryū-Okumikawa, and Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Parks; and Chūō Alps, Enrei Ōjō, Hijiriyama Kōgen, Mibugawa Suikei, Ontake, and Tenryū Koshibu Suikei Prefectural Natural Parks.[3]

Hida Mountains
Hida Mountains
(August 2006)

Nagano
Nagano
City

Suwa

Komagane

Cities[edit]

Matsumoto

Nineteen cities are located in Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture:

Azumino Chikuma Chino Iida Iiyama Ina Komagane Komoro Matsumoto Nagano
Nagano
(capital) Nakano Okaya Ōmachi Saku Shiojiri Suwa Suzaka Tōmi Ueda

Towns and villages[edit]

Map of Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Chiisagata District

Aoki Nagawa

Hanishina District

Sakaki

Higashichikuma District

Asahi Chikuhoku Ikusaka Omi Yamagata

Kamiina District

Iijima Minamiminowa Minowa Miyada Nakagawa Tatsuno

Kamiminochi District

Iizuna Ogawa Shinano

Kamitakai District

Obuse Takayama

Kiso District

Agematsu Kiso (village) Kiso (town) Nagiso Ōkuwa Ōtaki

Kitaazumi District

Hakuba Ikeda Matsukawa Otari

Kitasaku District

Karuizawa Miyota Tateshina

Minamisaku District

Kawakami Kitaaiki Koumi Minamiaiki Minamimaki Sakuho

Shimoina District

Achi Anan Hiraya Matsukawa Neba Ōshika Shimojō Takagi Takamori Tenryū Toyooka Urugi Yasuoka

Shimominochi District

Sakae

Shimotakai District

Kijimadaira Nozawaonsen Yamanouchi

Suwa District

Fujimi Hara Shimosuwa

Mergers[edit] Main article: List of mergers in Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture Demographics[edit] The lifespan in Nagano
Nagano
prefecture is the longest nationwide with the average life expectancy of 87.18 years for women and 80.88 years for men.[4] Transportation[edit] Railway[edit]

East Japan
Japan
Railway Company

Nagano
Nagano
Shinkansen Shin'etsu Main Line Chūō Main Line
Chūō Main Line
(east line) Shinonoi Line Ōito Line
Ōito Line
(from Matsumoto to Minami-Otari) Koumi Line

Central Japan
Japan
Railway Company

Chūō Main Line
Chūō Main Line
(west line) Iida Line

West Japan
Japan
Railway Company

Ōito Line
Ōito Line
(from Minami-Otari to Itoigawa)

Shinano Railway

Shinano Railway
Shinano Railway
Line

Nagano
Nagano
Electric Railway

Nagano
Nagano
Line Yashiro Line

Matsumoto Electric Railway

Kamikōchi Line

Ueda Dentetsu

Bessho Line

Road[edit] Expressways[edit]

Chuo Expressway Nagano
Nagano
Expressway Joshinetsu Expressway Sanen-nanshin Expressway Chubu-jukan Expressway Chubu-odan Expressway

National highways[edit]

Route 18 Route 19 (Nagano-Matsumoto-Shioriri-Nagiso-Nakatsugawa-Tajimi-Nagoya) Route 20 (Matsumoto-Suwa-Kofu-Otsuki-Hachioji- Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
of Tokyo) Route 117 Route 141 Route 142 Route 143 (Matsumoto-Azumino-Ueda) Route 144 Route 147 (Matsumoto-Omachi) Route 148 (Omachi-Itoigawa) Route 151 (Iida-Shinshiro-Toyohashi) Route 152 Route 153 (Nagoya-Toyota-Iida-Shioriri) Route 158 (Fukui-Gujo-Takayama-Matsumoto) Route 254 Route 256 (Gifu-Gujo-Gero-Nakatsugawa-Nagiso-Iida) Route 403 Route 406 (Omachi-Hakuba-Nagano-Susaka-Tsumagoi-Takasaki) Route 418 (Ono-Seki-Ena-Iida)

Airports[edit]

Matsumoto Airport

Education[edit] Universities[edit]

Nagano
Nagano
University Nagano
Nagano
College of Nursing Shinshu University Matsumoto University Matsumoto Dental University Saku University Seisen Jogakuin College The University of Nagano Suwa Tokyo
Tokyo
University of Science

Tourism[edit]

Zenkō-ji

Onbashira, which festival held once in seven years

Yashima Wetland in Kirigamine Hills

Matsumoto Castle

Utsukushigahara Hills

Ski resort in Shiga Hills

Lake Kizaki Lake Suwa Mount Kirigamine Suwa Taisha, one of the oldest shrines in Japan Matsumoto Castle, one of Japan's national treasures. One of the world's highest geysers (about 40 to 50 meters) in Suwa. Zenkō-ji
Zenkō-ji
temple in Nagano
Nagano
city

Sports[edit] There are two local J.League
J.League
clubs: AC Nagano
Nagano
Parceiro and Matsumoto Yamaga FC. Prefectural symbols[edit]

Siberian Silver Birch Gentian Ptarmigan Japanese Serow Shinano no Kuni (prefecture song)

Sister cities[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Changhua County, Taiwan
Taiwan
(2008) Hebei, China Missouri, USA

Personalities[edit]

Nagano's former governor, Yasuo Tanaka, is an independent who has made a reputation internationally for attacking Japan's status quo. Among other issues, he has refused national government money for construction projects that he deems unnecessary, such as dams, and has overhauled (locally) the press club system that is blamed for limiting government access to journalists who give favorable coverage. Tanaka was voted out from office on August 6, 2006 and was replaced by Jin Murai. Sasuke competitor Shinji Kobayashi, who works as a garbage man, is from Matsumoto in Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture. Tatsumi Yoda
Tatsumi Yoda
(aka Tom Yoda), former chairman of Avex, is from Chikuma-shi. Glim Spanky, the members of the rock band are from Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture

See also[edit]

Matsushiro Underground Imperial Headquarters Chūō Shinkansen

Notes[edit]

^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). " Nagano
Nagano
prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 682, p. 682, at Google Books; "Chūbu" at p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books ^ Nussbaum, "Nagano" at p. 682, p. 682, at Google Books ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture has achieved the highest life expectancy in Japan, after long efforts of improving each one’s lifestyle (December 9, 2013). Foreign Press Center/Japan

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nagano
Nagano
(prefecture).

Nagano
Nagano
Prefectural Government Official Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture tourism website and blog

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture.

v t e

Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture

Nagano
Nagano
(capital)

Core city

Nagano

Special
Special
city

Matsumoto

Cities

Azumino Chikuma Chino Iida Iiyama Ina Komagane Komoro Nakano Okaya Ōmachi Saku Shiojiri Suwa Suzaka Tōmi Ueda

Chiisagata District

Aoki Nagawa

Hanishina District

Sakaki

Higashichikuma District

Asahi Chikuhoku Ikusaka Omi Yamagata

Kamiina District

Iijima Minamiminowa Minowa Miyada Nakagawa Tatsuno

Kamiminochi District

Iizuna Shinano Ogawa

Kamitakai District

Obuse Takayama

Kiso District

Agematsu Kiso-machi Nagiso Kiso-mura Ōkuwa Ōtaki

Kitaazumi District

Ikeda Hakuba Matsukawa Otari

Kitasaku District

Karuizawa Miyota Tateshina

Minamisaku District

Kawakami Kitaaiki Koumi Minamiaiki Minamimaki Sakuho

Shimoina District

Achi Anan Hiraya Matsukawa Neba Ōshika Shimojō Takagi Takamori Tenryū Toyooka Urugi Yasuoka

Shimominochi District

Sakae

Shimotakai District

Yamanouchi Kijimadaira Nozawaonsen

Suwa District

Hara Fujimi Shimosuwa

List of mergers in Nagano
Nagano
Prefecture

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 36°15′N 138°6′E / 36.250°N 138.100°E / 36.250; 138.100

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 158270724 LCCN: n80022946 ISNI: 0000 0004 0379 4440 GND: 42863

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