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The Popular Art Museum (Spanish: Museo de Arte Popular) is a museum in Mexico City, Mexico that promotes and preserves part of the Mexican handcrafts and folk art.[1] Located in the historic center of Mexico City in an old fire house, the museum has a collection which includes textiles, pottery, glass, piñatas, alebrijes, furniture and much more.[2] However, the museum is best known as the sponsor of the yearly, Noche de Alebrijes (Night of the Alebrijes) parade in which the fantastical creatures are constructed on a monumental scale and then paraded from the main plaza or Zocalo
Zocalo
to the Angel of Independence monument, competing for prizes.[3]

Contents

1 The museum 2 The Monumental Alebrije
Alebrije
Parade 3 References 4 External links

The museum[edit]

Devil mask with serpents

The Museo de Arte Popular
Museo de Arte Popular
opened in March 2006. Its purpose is to serve as a reference for Mexican crafts as well as promoting them through workshops, and other events to both Mexico and foreign tourism.[1] and dignify Mexican crafts though restoration of older works and the promotion of their creation both inside and outside the museum itself.[4] The permanent collection contains both older and newer craft pieces from the various traditions that make up Mexican culture. The collection was gathered through the generosity of individual donors.[1] Some of the principal private donors include Alfonso Romo of Grupo Savia, who had promoted crafts for a number of years. He donated 1,400 pieces towards the opening of the museum. The second donor was Carlota Mapeli, who came to Mexico from Italy
Italy
in the 1970s and dedicated herself to collecting embroidered garments and other textiles. She donated 400 pieces, many of which were weaved on backstrap looms.[2] The collection is organized into five permanent halls divided by theme, and two dedicated to “grand masters” each of which contains various kinds of crafts.[4] The five themed halls are called “Las raices del arte mexicano” (Roots of Mexican art), “Las raices del arte popular” (Roots of crafts or popular art), “Lo cotidiano” (Everyday things), “Lo religioso” (Religious items) and “Lo fantasmagico” (Fantastic and magical things). The collection fills three of the four levels of the building, for a total of 7,000 square meters.[2] There is also a temporary exhibit hall and an “interpretation” room which has pieces from all 32 federal entities (states and Distrito Federal) of Mexico. Crafts displayed here are of many different types including pottery, basketry, wood carving, precious metal working, glasswork, textiles, papier-mâché and others. The museum also has a research center with a library and a periodical archive.[4]

Collection of folk string instruments

Opening of an exhibit dedicated to the handcrafts of Hidalgo in 2011.

Contemporary pottery by Nicolas Vita Hernandez of Chililco, Huejutla at a temporary exhibit on Hidalgo crafts at the Museo de Arte Popular.

Every weekend the museum has workshops for children between six and twelve in various crafts with the aim of preserving these crafts. Workshops include those on paper cutting, amate (bark) paper and papier-mâché. For special occasions such as Dia de Muertos, workshops have included those on making Catrina figures, sugar skulls and traditional candies.[5] The gift shop contains a wide variety of crafts for sale from the most traditional to the most recent reinterpretations of various crafts,[4] containing items such as furniture, textiles and toys from all parts of the republic of Mexico.[6] The museum’s store is non-profit, designed to help artisans get better prices for their products. Many of the products come from villages in Michoacán, often populated only by women and children as the men go to places like the United States to work. Sales of their products have been good enough to entice a number of men to return home and work at the crafts.[2] The building is considered to be the second most important Art Deco building in Mexico City, with the first being the main offices of the Secretariat of Health
Secretariat of Health
in Chapultepec.[2] It was donated to the museum project by the government of Mexico City.[4] The building was constructed in 1927 by architect Vicente Mendiola as part of the government’s efforts to modernize the city’s infrastructure at the time. The building has a central patio in which the fire trucks were parked, and three floors for offices and quarters. In its exterior, it has tower on the corner facing the intersection with a light at the top to be used to signal an emergency. Another feature of the building is the relieves with pre-Hispanic motifs that decorate the facade in stone.[6] The inner courtyard is covered by a modern glass cupola.[2] By the 1980s the growth of the city had rendered the station inadequate and it was abandoned. It deteriorated afterwards because of the 1985 earthquake and the general deterioration of the historic center. In the 1990s, the city government decided to rescue the building and use it to collect and store a major collection of Mexican crafts. This project was given to Teodoro Gonzalez de Leon, who restored the building updating its interior.[6]

The Monumental Alebrije
Alebrije
Parade[edit]

Monumental alebrije called Michin Rojo with sign thanking Pedro Linares for alebrijes creation

Play media

Animation clip (in Spanish) about alebrijes made by the museum in collaboration with Wiki Learning, Tec de Monterrey

Play media

Lighted alebrije figures on display at the museum

The museum is best known for its yearly parade of “monumental alebrijes” which began as a yearly event in 2007.[3] An alebrije is a fantastical creature, which usually include various parts of real-life or fantastic creatures. These not only include creatures such as flies with dragon tails and multi-headed lions, the works also carry fantastic names such as “La Mula de Seis” (The Six Mule), “Alebrijos” (combination of alebrije and “hijos” (sons)), “AH1N1” and “La Gárgola de la Atlántida” (The Gargoyle
Gargoyle
of Atlantis).[7] Normal alebrijes are small sculptures made of cardboard or wood, painted in bright colors and mostly made in central Mexico and Oaxaca
Oaxaca
state. Monumental alebrejes are floats with the tallest one so far being four meters tall by three meters wide.[3] The event is called La Noche de los Alebrijes (Night of the Alebrijes) and organized by the Museo de Arte Popular
Museo de Arte Popular
in collaboration with the Mexico City
Mexico City
government with the support of CONACULTA
CONACULTA
and various private institutions and individuals. The purpose of the parade is to promote the work of modern Mexican artists and artisans.[3] The process of creating the alebrijes begins in June, with the parade taking place at the end of October. Most of the monumental alebrijes are created with cardboard except for those from Oaxaca
Oaxaca
which are partially made of wood, and wind their way from the main plaza (Zócalo), through the historic center onto the Paseo de la Reforma ending at the Angel of Independence. The alebrijes compete for first, second and third prizes of 50,000, 30,000 and 20,000 pesos.[3] After the parade, later in the day, the winners are chosen and other events such as the Alebrije
Alebrije
Puppet Contest and the Alebrije
Alebrije
Short Story Contest take place.[7] The 2007 parade had thirty five alebrijes with 200,000 spectators filling the streets of the city center. In 2008, there were seventy five alebrijes with more than two million spectators. The 2009 parade had 120 floats registered with it, coming from Mexico City, the State of Mexico, Puebla, Oaxaca
Oaxaca
and Morelos. Marching bands such as the Navy band and the state bands of the states of Mexico and Morelos
Morelos
and[3] Private bands such as El Reflejo Sinaloense, La Usurpadora, Cerro Verde and La Coqueta also participated.[7] All of the alebrijes were newly created for the event and were designed by more than 100 artists. After the parade, the alebrijes are placed on display for about two weeks on Paseo de la Reforma
Paseo de la Reforma
between the Angel of Independence and the Diana Fountain.[3] The director of the museum stated that each year both the number and the quality of the alebrijes have improved.[7]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Museo de Arte Popular, Mexico City.

References[edit]

^ a b c "Semblanza" (in Spanish). Mexico City: Museo de Arte Popular. Archived from the original on 2009-10-25. Retrieved 2009-11-05.  ^ a b c d e f "El museo de arte popular exhibe las mejores artesaní¬as de México: su acervo está considerado el más completo en su género y permite a los visitantes conocer en unas cuantas horas los ejemplos más acabados de la creatividad de los artesanos de este paí¬s" [The Museum of Popular Art exhibits the best crafts of Mexico, its collection is considered to be the most complete of its genre and permits visitors to get to know in a few hours the best examples of the creativity of artisans in this country]. Contenido (in Spanish). 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2009-11-05.  ^ a b c d e f g CONACULTA. "El Museo de Arte Popular
Museo de Arte Popular
hace desfilar fantásticos alebrijes gigantes por la Ciudad de México" [The Museum of Popular Art sponsors a parage of giant fantasical alebrijes through the City of Mexico] (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-11-05.  ^ a b c d e "Museo de Arte Popular" (in Spanish). Mexico City: CONACULTA. Retrieved 2009-11-05.  ^ "Talleres de Octubre para nimos, Museo de Arte Popular, Ciudad de Mexico" [Workshops for children in October, Museum of Popular Art, Mexico City] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2009-11-05.  ^ a b c "Museo de Arte Popular" (in Spanish). Mexico City: Government of Mexico City. Retrieved 2009-11-05.  ^ a b c d "Con esplendor y colorido realizan el Tercer Desfile de Alebrijes" [The Third Parade of Alebrijes is realized with splendor and color]. Milenio (in Spanish). Mexico City. Notimex. 2009-10-24. Archived from the original on 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 

External links[edit]

official Museo de Arte Popular
Museo de Arte Popular
website - (Spanish)

v t e

Mexican handcrafts and folk art

Clay and ceramics

Mexican ceramics Talavera (pottery) Ceramics of Jalisco Mata Ortiz pottery Tree of Life (craft) Barro Negro pottery Green glazed pottery of Atzompa Pottery
Pottery
of Metepec (Soteno family)

Textiles and other fiber crafts

Textiles of Mexico Basketry of Mexico Textiles of Oaxaca Amuzgo textiles Tenango embroidery Mexican rag dolls (Marias) Petate Huipil Rebozo Quechquemitl

Paper

Piñata Amatl Cartonería Miss Lupita project Lupita dolls

Crafts towns

San Pablito (amate paper) Santa María Atzompa
Santa María Atzompa
(pottery) San Bartolo Coyotepec
San Bartolo Coyotepec
(pottery) Ocotlán de Morelos
Morelos
(pottery, blades) San Martín Tilcajete
San Martín Tilcajete
(alebrijes) Santa Clara del Cobre
Santa Clara del Cobre
(copper crafts) Teotitlán del Valle
Teotitlán del Valle
(rugs) Temoaya
Temoaya
(rugs) Tlalpujahua
Tlalpujahua
(Christmas ornaments) Tlaquepaque
Tlaquepaque
(pottery) Tonalá, Jalisco
Tonalá, Jalisco
(pottery, glass, etc) Tenancingo, State of Mexico
Tenancingo, State of Mexico
(rebozos, basketry, furniture)

Crafts, popular art museums and other promotors

Museo de Arte Popular, Mexico City National Museum of Mexican Art Museo de la Laca and the Santo Domingo monastery Museo Estatal de Arte Popular de Oaxaca Museo Universitario de Artes Populares María Teresa Pomar Museo Regional de la Ceramica, Tlaquepaque Museo de Trajes Regionales Marta Turok María Teresa Pomar National Pyrotechnic Festival Museo Nacional de la Máscara FONART Ciudadela Market Palm Sunday Handcraft Market Feria Maestros del Arte

Artisans

see List of Mexican artisans

Handcrafts by federal entity

Chiapas Guerrero Guanajuato Hidalgo Jalisco Mexico City Michoacán Oaxaca Puebla State of Mexico Tlaxcala

Other

Mexican lacquerware Mexican mask-folk art Alebrije Piteado Popotillo art Votive paintings of Mexico Huichol art Sawdust carpet Vochol Alfeñique in Mexico Mexican ironwood carvings Traditional copper work in Mexico Mexican handcrafted fireworks Mexican pointy boots Mexico City
Mexico City
Alebrije
Alebrije
Parade Traditional metal working in Mexico Traditional Mexican handcrafted toys Mexican feather work

v t e

Landmarks and historic buildings of the Historic center of Mexico City

Zócalo and immediate vicinity

Federal District buildings Madero Street Mexico City
Mexico City
Cathedral Nacional Monte de Piedad National Palace Old Portal
Portal
de Mercaderes Templo Mayor Zócalo

Schools and colleges

Academia Mexicana de la Historia Academy of San Carlos Antigua Escuela de Economía Colegio de Minería Colegio de San Ignacio de Loyola Vizcaínas Colegio Nacional University of the Cloister of Sor Juana

Government buildings

Chamber of Deputies Departamento de Estadistica Nacional Library of the Congress of Mexico Old Customs Building Palace of the Marqués del Apartado Secretariat of Public Education Senate Supreme Court

Religious buildings

Ex Temple of Corpus Christi Jesús Nazareno La Enseñanza La Merced Cloister La Santísima La Soledad Nuestra Señora de Loreto Nuestra Señora de Valvanera Regina Coeli San Bernardo San Francisco Convent of San Jerónimo San Juan de Dios San Lorenzo Santa María la Redonda Santa Teresa la Antigua Santa Veracruz Santo Domingo Temple and Ex-convent of Jesus Maria Temple of Saint Augustine Temple of San Felipe Neri "La Profesa" Temple of San Pablo el Viejo Temple of San Pablo el Nuevo Historic Synagogue Justo Sierra 71

Museums

Caricature Museum Franz Mayer Museum House of the First Print Shop in the Americas Interactive Museum of Economics José Luis Cuevas Museum Museo de Arte Popular Museo de Charrería Museo del Estanquillo Museo de la Estampa Museo Nacional de Arte Museum Archive of Photography Museum of Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público Museum of the City of Mexico National Museum of Cultures Palace of the Inquisition
Palace of the Inquisition
(Museum of Mexican Medicine) Colegio de San Ildefonso Colegio de San Pedro y San Pablo, now Mexico City
Mexico City
(Museum of the Constitutions) Casa Talavera Cultural Center

Palaces

Borda House, Mexico City Casa de los Azulejos Chapultepec Castle Houses of the Mayorazgo de Guerrero Palace of Iturbide Palace of the Marqués del Apartado Palacio de Bellas Artes Palacio de Correos de Mexico Palace of the Counts of San Mateo de Valparaiso Palacio de la Autónomia Legislative Palace of Donceles

Historic houses

House of the Count de la Torre Cosío y la Cortina House of the Marquis of Uluapa Tlaxcala House

Traditional markets

Abelardo L. Rodriguez Market La Merced Market Ciudadela Market San Juan Market, Mexico City

Other

Alameda Central Antigua Escuela de Jurisprudencia Avenida Juárez Barrio Chino Centro Cultural de España Chapultepec aqueduct Edificio Miguel E. Abed Garden of the Triple Alliance Hospital de Jesús Nazareno Hospital San Hipólito INAH Building Lirico Theatre Plaza Garibaldi Plaza Santo Domingo Teatro de la Ciudad Teatro Fru Fru Teatro Hidalgo Tlaxcala House Tlaxcoaque Torre Latinoamericana

Coordinates: 19°26′1.77″N 99°8′46.84″W / 19.4338250°N 99.1463444°W / 19.43

.