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MovieCD is a format for digital video storage and consumer home video playback released in 1996 by Sirius Publishing, and was rendered obsolete by the wider distribution of DVD. It used a video codec called MotionPixels, marketed by MotionPixels, Inc., a subsidiary of Sirius Publishing (founded by Darrel Smith and Richard Gnant). It was used in many third-party video games from the mid to late-1990s, and during the same time on Sirius's MovieCDs that it had been originally developed for, enjoying an international distribution[2][3] in both forms. Both MovieCDs and the MotionPixels codec remain an issue today in that medium market availability of MovieCDs remained until around the year 2000 and some of the above-mentioned video games still have a cult following, both producing malfunctions in modern PCs due to the outdated MotionPixels codec.[according to whom?]

Contents

1 Origins and development 2 Specifications and system requirements

2.1 MVI1 2.2 MVI2

3 Economic viability 4 Compatibility and issues with modern PCs

4.1 Compatibility 4.2 Issues

5 MovieCD catalogue

5.1 List of titles

6 References 7 External links

Origins and development[edit] The MotionPixels (MP) codec used on MovieCDs originated with the Huygen codec developed by Christian Huygen, David Whipple, and Darrell Smith.[4][5] Specifications and system requirements[edit]

Unaltered still taken from MovieCD edition of The Rutles: All You Need is Cash.

The MP codec offered a resolution of 320x236 pixels, 16-bit high color, and 16 frames per second fullscreen playback at a datarate of (in theory) up to about 520kB/sec, without having to install MPEG or acquire additional hardware, on Microsoft Windows systems from Windows 3.x on. Audio was saved in plain WAV format. Its FourCC code was, depending on version, "MVI1" or "MVI2." For viewing MovieCDs, Sirius recommended a 486 processor or higher, at least 8 MB of RAM, and a 2x-speed CD-ROM drive (most MovieCDs had a data rate of about 280-300 kB/sec).[6] MovieCDs had a running time of about 45 minutes each, so feature films often were stored on two or three discs in one box, and the consumer had to swap discs to watch the whole movie. The codec avoided digital compression artifacts such as the pixelization or block artifacts (seen in VCDs using MPEG-1) by treating areas of the frame as objects rather than dividing it into blocks.[7] Its output was always RGB; however, the viewer could choose between different settings of chroma subsampling for encoding, from RGB through YCrCb 4:2:2 all the way to 16:1:1 which ensured for low datarates at what were high resolutions at the time, while a particularly low chroma subsampling made for a distinctively analogue video look to today's eyes,[citation needed] with spatially (not temporally) smeared colors and sharp luma. MVI1[edit] MVI1 was a purely DOS-based codec, carrying its animations in an .MVI container. Apparently, the only occasion it was ever used was with Sirius's game Treasure Quest. MVI2[edit] MVI2 was the Windows incarnation of the MotionPixels codec, and always came with its own player, the MotionPixels Movie Player. MVI2 files used the AVI container still popular today. It saw international distribution during the mid- to late-1990s in the form of Sirius's MovieCDs and many third-party video games (such as the Caesar series by Sierra). MVI2 came in three versions:

aware31.exe: Aware31 was developed for Windows 3.1x. aware95.exe: Aware95 was developed for Windows 95. awarent.exe: AwareNT was developed for Windows NT and released in 1998.

Economic viability[edit] Given the dominance of the VCD and DVD formats, MovieCD never gained a significant following. Compatibility and issues with modern PCs[edit] Compatibility[edit] All MovieCDs had the MVI2 codec on them ready to install, and most video games with them installed both codec and player without asking the user. Both are still an issue today due to the wide availability of MovieCDs until around 2000 and the cult following some of these games still have. Both versions of the MP codec installing executable for Windows remain available on the web from third-party downloading sites for free manually as well as within codec packs. The codec's Windows 3.x and 95 version still runs more or less on Windows 98; however the videos often crash as this version of the codec was still a pre-DirectX artifact, even though they can even be played with any other video players on Windows 95 and Windows 98 once the MP codec is installed. On Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows XP, MP's NT version awarent.exe is needed. MP videos run stable on these Windows versions, and the codec can even be used to encode own videos into MotionPixels files, however serious other issues arise no matter which version of MVI2 is installed. Issues[edit] As soon as any version of the MotionPixels codec Windows version MVI2 is installed on any post-Win98 Windows OS, any video and audio-editing software on the same system may crash as soon as a codec-choosing dialogue for saving a file is opened[citation needed]. Additionally, players might be unable to read a variety of other audio and video codecs,[citation needed] and a variety of other both software and hardware-related video problems might occur, such as TV-cards ceasing to function.[citation needed] Running MotionPixels's uninstall routine that only removes the MotionPixels Player, not the codec itself,[citation needed] and not even Windows Control Panel can be used to de-install the MP codec[citation needed], so the only way to get rid of it and reclaim a working system is to manually delete any single file containing the letters MVI in the Windows registry and the WINDOWSSYSTEM32 directory.[8] MovieCD catalogue[edit] The catalogue of both TV and feature film programs available on MovieCDs mostly spawned from deals with New Line Home Video, Anchor Bay, Alliance, Trimark, Rhino, and Central Park Media,[9] offering genres such as action, comedy, anime, computer animation and music performance.[10][11] List of titles[edit]

1997 Playboy Playmate Video Calendar 1998 Playboy Playmate Video Calendar Adult StreetSmart The Adventures of Mole The Adventures of Toad Alien Autopsy: Fact or Fiction Arcade The Art of Nature Beach Babes from Beyond Best of Playboy's Strip Search Best of SNL: The Best of Gilda Radner Best of SNL: 15th Anniversary Special Best of SNL: The Best of Dan Aykroyd Best of SNL: The Best of John Belushi Best of SNL: Classic Years, Volume 1 Best of SNL: Classic Years, Volume 2 Best of SNL: Hosted by Eddie Murphy Best of SNL: SNL Goes Commercial Betty Boop Cartoons Beyond the Mind's Eye BullySmart Burns and Allen Cabbage Patch Kids: The Clubhouse Cabbage Patch Kids: The New Kid Cabbage Patch Kids: The Screen Test Cartoon Festival Cher, Extravaganza: Live at the Mirage Chronos Class of Nuke 'Em High Classic Cartoons The Clones of Bruce Lee Comedy Capers Comedy Greats Comic Relief VII Computer Animation Festival, Volume 1 Computer Animation Festival, Volume 2 Cyber City Oedo 808: Data One Dominion: Tank Police - Part 1 Dominion Tank Police - Part 2 Don Juan DeMarco Dr. Katz, Volume 1 Dr. Katz, Volume 2 Dragon Fist Dumb & Dumber Elvis in Hollywood First Blood Friday The Gate to the Mind's Eye Genocyber, Part 1: Birth of Genocyber Ghost in the Shell The Grateful Dead, Dead Ahead The Grateful Dead, Ticket to New Year's Jimi Hendrix, Jimi Plays Monterey Jimi Hendrix, Rainbow Bridge House Party Imaginaria Imaginit Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday The Kids in the Hall The Lawnmower Man The Lawnmower Man 2: Jobe's War Leprechaun Leprechaun 2 The Little Shop of Horrors The Louvre Macross Plus, Part 1 Macross Plus Part 2 Macross Plus, Part 3 Macross Plus, Part 4[12] Barry Manilow, The Greatest Hits The Mask Menace II Society Military Aircraft Video Report - Volume III, Number 1 The Mind's Eye The Monkees, Volume 1 The Monkees, Volume 2 Monterey Pop Mortal Kombat Mumfie: The Movie New Dominion Tank Police - Part 1 New Dominion Tank Police - Part 2 Night of the Living Dead A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master Ninja Scroll One Step Beyond Patrick Stewart Narrates "The Planets" Playboy 21 Playmates Centerfold Collection Volume 1 Playboy's Biker Babes: Hot Wheels & High Heels Playboy's Cheerleaders Playboy's College Girls Playboy's Girls in Uniform Playboy's Girls of the Internet Playboy's Sorority Girls Playboy's Voluptuous Vixens Playboy's Wet & Wild VIII: Bottoms Up The Player The Poetry Hall of Fame, Volume 1 The Poetry Hall, Volume 2 Poison Ivy Politically Incorrect: The Political Domain Power Moves The Princess Bride Pump Up the Volume Puppet Master Quadrophenia Reefer Madness Return of the Living Dead 3 Roswell: Cover Ups & Close Encounters Rowan Atkinson Live The Rutles: All You Need is Cash The Secret Adventures of Tom Thumb Seven Sex Madness StrangerSmart Subspecies Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Time Capsule World War II: Europe/Pacific Trancers III Urotsukidoji III: Return of the Overfiend - Episode 1 Urotsukidoji III: Return of the Overfiend - Episode 2 Urotsukidoji III: Return of the Overfiend - Episode 3 Urotsukidoji III: Return of the Overfiend - Episode 4 VH1: Guitar Legends VH1: Psychedelic High VH1: Rock in the U.K. Warlock Warlock: The Armageddon Wes Craven's New Nightmare The Who, The Kids Are Alright Whore Witchcraft

References[edit]

^ Lammers, Dirk (1 November 1996). "New flicks fit computer screen". Cyberscene. The Tampa Tribune. 102 (263) (Final ed.). Tampa, Florida: Media General. Friday Extra, p. 42 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Staff Writer (14 November 1997). "West Coast Marketing Acquires Movie CD Licence". TelecomPaper.  ^ Brown, Ken (16 November 1997). "Australian for new market". Phoenix Business Journal. American City Business Journals.  ^ Bowers, Richard (6 November 1995). "Motion Pictures Acquires Huygen Codec". Newsbytes News Network.  ^ StreamCast Executive Team Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. (see entry for Darrell Smith) ^ Thompson, Garland L. (November–December 1997). Mellado, Carmela Castaneda, ed. "Turn that PC into Something Useful – A VCR!". Market Square. Hispanic Engineer & Information Technology. Vol. 12 no. 4. Career Communications Group. p. 8. ISSN 1088-3452.  ^ Staff writer (1998). "MP Studio Pro Technical Reference". MotionPixels. Archived from the original on 4 October 1999.  ^ Staff writer (26 October 2006). "TRON 2.0 - Known technical issues". Disney Video Game & Mobile App Customer Support. Disney. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012.  ^ Wickstrom, Andy (21 July 1997). "MovieCD builds library and expands distribution". Video Business. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011.  ^ Levy, Doug (3 September 1997). "Staring at the Screen". Arizona Daily Wildcat. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013.  ^ Staff writer (1999). "Just Give Me the Whole List". MovieCD. Archived from the original on 20 April 1999.  ^ Macross Plus Area Seven - Goods - MovieCD Archived 2008-10-12 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Classic Home Toys - Installment #6: What in the world was the Sirius MovieCD? A detailed technical description of the MotionPixels codec on MultimediaWiki A comparison test of the MotionPixels codec next to contemporaries Cinepak and Indeo 3.2, by Bob Currier, Synthetic Aperture Aware NT codec for playback of movieCD AVI files on Windows XP computers.

v t e

Video storage formats

Videotape

Analog

Quadruplex (1956) VERA (1958) Ampex 2 inch helical VTR (1961) Sony 2 inch helical VTR (1961) Type A (1965) CV-2000 (1965) Akai (1967) U-matic (1969) EIAJ-1 (1969) Cartrivision (1972) Philips VCR (1972) V-Cord (1974) VX (1974) Betamax (1975) IVC (1975) Type B (1976) Type C (1976) VHS (1976) VK (1977) SVR (1979) Video 2000 (1980) CVC (1980) VHS-C (1982) M (1982) Betacam (1982) Video8 (1985) MII (1986) S-VHS (1987) S-VHS-C (1987) Hi8 (1989) Ruvi (1998)

Digital

D1 (1986) D2 (1988) D3 (1991) DCT (1992) Digital Betacam (1993) D5 (1994) Digital-S (D9) (1995) Betacam SX (1996) Digital8 (1999) MicroMV (2001)

High Definition

Sony HDVS (1984) UniHi (1984) W-VHS (1994) HDCAM (1997) D-VHS (1998) D6 HDTV VTR (2000) HDV (2003) HDCAM SR (2003)

Videodisc

Analog

Phonovision (1927) Ampex-HS (1967) TeD (1975) LaserDisc (1978) CED (1981) VHD (1983) Laserfilm (1984) CD Video (1987) VSD (1990)

Digital

VCD (1993) MovieCD (1996) DVD (1996) MiniDVD (c. 1996) DVD-Video (1997) CVD (1998) SVCD (1998) EVD (2003) PVD (Personal Video Disc) (2003) HVD (High-Definition Versatile Disc) (2004) UMD (2004) FVD (2005)

High Definition

MUSE Hi-Vision LD (1994) VMD (2006) HD DVD (2006) BRD (BD/Blu-ray disc) (2006) MiniBD (c. 2006) HVD (Holographic Versatile Disc) (2007) CBHD (China Blue High-definition Disc) (2008) UHD BRD (Ultra HD Blu-ray disc) (2016)

Virtual

Media agnostic

DV (1995) DVCPRO (1995) DVCAM (1996) DVCPRO50 (1997) DVCPRO HD (2000)

Tapeless

CamCutter Editcam (1995) XDCAM (2003) MOD (2005) AVCHD (2006) AVC-Intra (2006) TOD (2007) iFrame (2009) XAVC (2012)

Solid state

P2 (2004) SxS (2007) MicroP2 (2012)

Video recorded to film

Kinescope (1947) Electronicam kinescope (1950s) Electronic Video Reco