MOUNTAIN BIKE RACING (shortened MTB or ATB RACING) is the competitive
cycle sport discipline of mountain biking held on off-road terrain.
Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) recognised the discipline
relatively late in 1990, when it sanctioned the world championships in
* 1 History * 2 Types * 3 Notable events * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
The oldest organised cross-country (XC) racing-like event, however,
is believed to take place from
Crested Butte to
The most plausible, although still speculative reason, was an early resemblance of the racing courses for mountain bikes with the cyclo-cross discipline, with a major difference: the mountain bike racing track was significantly longer (a cyclo-cross course has 2.5–3.5 km versus 4+ km for a XC track) and free of artificial obstacles. With the rapid advancement of mountain bike gear, namely stronger brakes and suspension, the mountain bike racing could take place on even more technical tracks making it more dissimilar to the cyclo-cross discipline.
* CROSS-COUNTRY - Cross-country (XC) racing is held on a varied terrain circuit, it is normally around 6-8 kilometers (km) and is always a massed-start race. Under the 2006 UCI rules, elite, U23, and Junior Expert riders at UCI sanctioned races, are allowed technical assistance, but only in designated zones and only by an authorized team mechanic. However, riders in the same team can help each other at any point in the race. Under NORBA rules, no technical assistance is allowed. Professional level races are longer in distance, around 50 km. * SHORT TRACK CROSS-COUNTRY - Short Track Cross Country (STXC). A very short XC style event of about 800m in length but generally about 1 minute 30 seconds in winning time. A short, sharp exciting event to watch and participate in. Also called Cross-country eliminator
Marc Beaumont of Great Britain riding a downhill race the 2009 UCI Mountain Bike "> * MARATHON - Marathon (XCM) is perhaps the toughest form of mountain biking because riders often have to cover more than 80 km in one race on mountainous terrain. The distances usually vary from 60 km to 100 km. Races often exceed 100 km, but are then termed Ultra-Marathons. Recently UCI has inaugurated the Marathon World Cup. Basically it equals point-to-point (PP) discipline and that means that riders have a mass start from point "A" and they finish at point "B". * ENDURO - Enduro in its most basic definition is a type of mountain bike racing where the downhills are timed, and the uphills are not. Riders are timed in stages that are primarily downhill, with neutral "transfer" stages in between. The transfer stages usually must be completed within a time-limit, but are not part of the accumulated time. The winner is the rider who accumulates the lowest combined time from the timed downhill sections. Enduros typically take place over one or two days, but week-long competitions also exist. A typical one-day enduro consists of 3 to 5 timed stages which take place on technically demanding, generally descending terrain, often with sections of singletrack .
Trials events feature large jumps between artificial obstacles.
* STAGE RACES - Stage Races consist of several races - 'stages' -
ridden consecutively, usually over a period of several days. A stage
is usually similar in length and structure to a Marathon mountain bike
race. The competitor with the lowest cumulative time to complete all
the stages is declared the overall, or General Classification (GC),
winner. Stage races may also have other classifications and awards,
such as individual stage winners.
* BIKE TRIALS - Slow negotiation of man-made and natural obstacles
where setting a foot down constitutes a penalty.
* DIRT JUMPING -
Dirt jumping (DJ), similar to freeride, it is a
competition of skill, differing that it involves the rider to jump off
mounds of dirt to perform the best tricks with the best style. It
differs to freeriding that the jumps are usually much larger and
designed to lift the rider higher into the air and the bicycle is
different from its counterpart.
* MOUNTAIN BIKE ORIENTEERING (MTB-O or MTBO) is an orienteering
sport on a mountain bike where navigation is done along trails and
tracks . The major focus becomes route choice while navigating at bike
The main events in mountain bike racing are the cross-country event at the Summer Olympics and the World Championships and World Cup organized every year by the UCI at various venues around the World.
There are also other notable events in some countries, like Crankworx
, a week-long event in
Whistler, British Columbia
* ^ "2006 World Deaf Championships Schedule". Retrieved 19 March 2011. * ^ Bicycling magazine, "That Time I Went Full Enduro," Gloria Liu, June 2017. * ^ http://www.blueridgeadventures.net The 10th Annual Pisgah Stage Race (April 9-14, 2018), Brevard, North