HOME
The Info List - Mountain Bike Racing


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i)

MOUNTAIN BIKE RACING (shortened MTB or ATB RACING) is the competitive cycle sport discipline of mountain biking held on off-road terrain. The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) recognised the discipline relatively late in 1990, when it sanctioned the world championships in Durango , Colorado
Colorado
. The first UCI Mountain Bike World Cup series took place in 1988. Its nine-race circuit covered two continents—Europe and North America—and was sponsored by Grundig
Grundig
. Cross-country racing was the only World Cup sport at this time. In 1993, a six-event downhill World Cup was introduced. In 1996, cross-country mountain biking events were added to the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
. In 2006, cross-country mountain biking events became part of the World Deaf Cycling Championships for the first time in San Francisco, USA.

In the United States
United States
, are three USA Cycling
Cycling
Mountain Bike National Calendars: Endurance, Gravity and Ultra-Endurance. USA Cycling
Cycling
runs the USA Cycling
Cycling
Mountain Bike National Championships. There are mountain bike racing types that are not recognized by the UCI , such as mountain bike orienteering that is governed by the IOF .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Types * 3 Notable events * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

Mountain bike
Mountain bike
racing is as old as the first appearance of the mountain bike itself, when the originators, calling themselves klunkers , descended with their heavily modified beach cruiser bikes as predecessors of modern mountain bikes from numerous mountains in California against a rudimentary time measurement. The famous Repack racing down-hill against the time near Fairfax, Marin County, CA took place in 1976.

The oldest organised cross-country (XC) racing-like event, however, is believed to take place from Crested Butte to Aspen
Aspen
in Colorado
Colorado
in 1978. It took long 10 years before the UCI recognised racing on mountain bikes as a regular cycling discipline in 1990. In the meantime, the phenomenon of mountain bike racing spread across the U.S.A. under the umbrella of NORBA .

The most plausible, although still speculative reason, was an early resemblance of the racing courses for mountain bikes with the cyclo-cross discipline, with a major difference: the mountain bike racing track was significantly longer (a cyclo-cross course has 2.5–3.5 km versus 4+ km for a XC track) and free of artificial obstacles. With the rapid advancement of mountain bike gear, namely stronger brakes and suspension, the mountain bike racing could take place on even more technical tracks making it more dissimilar to the cyclo-cross discipline.

Mountain bike
Mountain bike
racing became an Olympic discipline in 1996 and a cross-country type mountain biking race has been held ever since its debut at the summer Olympic games in Atlanta. Given the enormous variation of terrain a mountain bike can navigate, a division took place as a cause of riders' specialisation.

TYPES

* CROSS-COUNTRY - Cross-country (XC) racing is held on a varied terrain circuit, it is normally around 6-8 kilometers (km) and is always a massed-start race. Under the 2006 UCI rules, elite, U23, and Junior Expert riders at UCI sanctioned races, are allowed technical assistance, but only in designated zones and only by an authorized team mechanic. However, riders in the same team can help each other at any point in the race. Under NORBA rules, no technical assistance is allowed. Professional level races are longer in distance, around 50 km. * SHORT TRACK CROSS-COUNTRY - Short Track Cross Country (STXC). A very short XC style event of about 800m in length but generally about 1 minute 30 seconds in winning time. A short, sharp exciting event to watch and participate in. Also called Cross-country eliminator

Marc Beaumont of Great Britain riding a downhill race the 2009 UCI Mountain Bike "> * MARATHON - Marathon (XCM) is perhaps the toughest form of mountain biking because riders often have to cover more than 80 km in one race on mountainous terrain. The distances usually vary from 60 km to 100 km. Races often exceed 100 km, but are then termed Ultra-Marathons. Recently UCI has inaugurated the Marathon World Cup. Basically it equals point-to-point (PP) discipline and that means that riders have a mass start from point "A" and they finish at point "B". * ENDURO - Enduro in its most basic definition is a type of mountain bike racing where the downhills are timed, and the uphills are not. Riders are timed in stages that are primarily downhill, with neutral "transfer" stages in between. The transfer stages usually must be completed within a time-limit, but are not part of the accumulated time. The winner is the rider who accumulates the lowest combined time from the timed downhill sections. Enduros typically take place over one or two days, but week-long competitions also exist. A typical one-day enduro consists of 3 to 5 timed stages which take place on technically demanding, generally descending terrain, often with sections of singletrack .

Trials events feature large jumps between artificial obstacles.

* STAGE RACES - Stage Races consist of several races - 'stages' - ridden consecutively, usually over a period of several days. A stage is usually similar in length and structure to a Marathon mountain bike race. The competitor with the lowest cumulative time to complete all the stages is declared the overall, or General Classification (GC), winner. Stage races may also have other classifications and awards, such as individual stage winners. * BIKE TRIALS - Slow negotiation of man-made and natural obstacles where setting a foot down constitutes a penalty. * DIRT JUMPING - Dirt jumping (DJ), similar to freeride, it is a competition of skill, differing that it involves the rider to jump off mounds of dirt to perform the best tricks with the best style. It differs to freeriding that the jumps are usually much larger and designed to lift the rider higher into the air and the bicycle is different from its counterpart. * MOUNTAIN BIKE ORIENTEERING (MTB-O or MTBO) is an orienteering sport on a mountain bike where navigation is done along trails and tracks . The major focus becomes route choice while navigating at bike speed . Special
Special
equipment used is a map holder attached to the handlebar of the bike. The sport is governed by International Orienteering
Orienteering
Federation . * 24 HOUR MOUNTAIN BIKE RACES are a form of endurance mountain bike racing where solo competitors or teams race for a period of 24 hours and standings are based on who has ridden the furthest distance in that time (typically, the most number of laps around a loop).

NOTABLE EVENTS

The main events in mountain bike racing are the cross-country event at the Summer Olympics and the World Championships and World Cup organized every year by the UCI at various venues around the World.

There are also other notable events in some countries, like Crankworx , a week-long event in Whistler, British Columbia
Whistler, British Columbia
, Canada
Canada
; MTB Himachal in India
India
; Chupacabras , a race in Juárez , Mexico
Mexico
; Cape Epic in South Africa
South Africa
; Sea Otter Classic in the United States
United States
; Mountain Mayhem in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and La Ruta de los Conquistadores in Costa Rica
Costa Rica
.

SEE ALSO

* Cycling
Cycling
* Mountain biking
Mountain biking
* Downhill mountain biking
Downhill mountain biking
* Enduro (mountain biking) * Bicycle Motocross * Single track (mountain biking) * Bunny hop (cycling) * Cyclo-cross * Mountain bike
Mountain bike
* Glossary of cycling

REFERENCES

* ^ "2006 World Deaf Championships Schedule". Retrieved 19 March 2011. * ^ Bicycling magazine, "That Time I Went Full Enduro," Gloria Liu, June 2017. * ^ http://www.blueridgeadventures.net The 10th Annual Pisgah Stage Race (April 9-14, 2018), Brevard, North

.