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Lomonosov Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
(MSU; Russian: Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia. It was founded on January 25, 1755 by Mikhail Lomonosov. MSU was renamed after Lomonosov in 1940 and was then known as Lomonosov University. It also houses the tallest educational building in the world.[2] Its current rector is Viktor Sadovnichiy. According to the 2018 QS World University
University
Rankings, it is the highest-ranking Russian educational institution and is widely considered the most prestigious university in the former Soviet Union.

Contents

1 History 2 Campus 3 Faculties 4 Transport connections 5 Institutions and research centers 6 Staff and students 7 Academic reputation 8 Famous alumni and faculty 9 See also 10 Notes and references 11 External links

History[edit]

The Principal Medicine
Medicine
Store building on Red Square
Red Square
that housed Moscow University
University
from 1755 to 1787

Main buildings of the university in Mokhovaya Street, 1798

Ivan Shuvalov
Ivan Shuvalov
and Mikhail Lomonosov
Mikhail Lomonosov
promoted the idea of a university in Moscow, and Russian Empress Elizabeth decreed its establishment on January 25 [O.S. January 12] 1755. The first lectures were given on April 26. Russians still celebrate January 25 as Students' Day. Saint Petersburg State University
University
and Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
engage in friendly rivalry over the title of Russia's oldest university. Though Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
was founded in 1755, its competitor in St. Petersburg has had a continuous existence as a "university" since 1819 and sees itself as the successor of an academy established on January 24, 1724, by a decree of Peter the Great. The present Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
originally occupied the Principal Medicine
Medicine
Store on Red Square
Red Square
from 1755 to 1787. Catherine the Great transferred the University
University
to a Neoclassical building on the other side of Mokhovaya Street; that main building was constructed between 1782 and 1793 in the Neo-Palladian style, to a design by Matvei Kazakov, and rebuilt by Domenico Giliardi
Domenico Giliardi
after the fire consumed much of Moscow
Moscow
in 1812. In the 18th century, the University
University
had three departments: philosophy, medicine, and law. A preparatory college was affiliated with the University
University
until its abolition in 1812. In 1779, Mikhail Kheraskov founded a boarding school for noblemen (Благородный пансион) which in 1830 became a gymnasium for the Russian nobility. The university press, run by Nikolay Novikov
Nikolay Novikov
in the 1780s, published the most popular newspaper in Imperial Russia: Moskovskie Vedomosti.

As of 2015[update], the Old Building housed the Department of Oriental studies

In 1804, medical education split into clinical (therapy), surgical, and obstetrics faculties. During 1884–1897, the Department of Medicine—supported by private donations, and the municipal and imperial governments—built an extensive, 1.6-kilometer-long, state-of-the-art medical campus in Devichye Pole, between the Garden Ring and Novodevichy Convent; this had been designed by Konstantin Bykovsky (ru), with university doctors like Nikolay Sklifosovskiy and Fyodor Erismann acting as consultants. The campus, and medical education in general, were separated[by whom?] from the University
University
in 1918. As of 2015[update]rganization emerged at the University
University
and called for the overthrow of the Czarist government and the establishment of a republic in Russia. The imperial government reo the campus and mistreatment of certain professors, 130 scientists and professors resigned en masse, including such prominent men as Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinskiy, Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, and Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin; thousands of students were expelled. After the October Revolution
October Revolution
of 1917, the institution began to admit the children of the proletariat and peasantry. In 1919, the University abolished fees for tuition and established a preparatory facility to help working-class children prepare for entrance examinations. During the implementation of Joseph Stalin's first five-year plan (1928–1932), prisoners from the Gulag
Gulag
were forced to construct parts of the newly expanded University.

The first Humanities Building

After 1991, nine new faculties were established. The following year, the University
University
gained a unique status: it is funded directly from the state budget (bypassing the Ministry of Education), thus providing the University
University
a significant level of independence. On September 6, 1997, the French electronic musician Jean Michel Jarre, whom the mayor of Moscow
Moscow
had specially invited to perform, used the entire front facade of the University
University
as the backdrop for a concert: the frontage served as a giant projection screen, with fireworks, lasers, and searchlights all launched from various points around the building. The stage stood directly in front of the building, and the concert, entitled "The Road To The 21st Century" in Russia
Russia
but renamed "Oxygen In Moscow" for worldwide release in video/DVD, attracted a world-record crowd of 3.5 million people.

Students celebrating the 250th anniversary of the university in 2005

On March 19, 2008, Russia's most powerful supercomputer to date, the SKIF MSU (Russian: СКИФ МГУ; skif means "Scythian" in Russian) was launched at the University. Its peak performance of 60 TFLOPS ( LINPACK - 47.170 TFLOPS) makes it the fastest supercomputer in the Commonwealth of Independent States.[3][4][5] Campus[edit]

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Main article: Main building of Moscow
Moscow
State University

Building of the Faculties of Biology and of Soil Science

Since 1953, most of the faculties have been situated on Sparrow Hills, in the southwest of Moscow, 5 km from the city center. The main building was designed by architect Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev. In the post-war era, Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
ordered seven huge tiered neoclassic towers to be built around the city. It was built using Gulag
Gulag
labour, as were many of Stalin's Great Construction Projects in Russia.[6] Located on Moscow's outskirts at the time of its construction, the location of the main building is now about half-way between the center of Moscow
Moscow
at the Kremlin
Kremlin
and the city's current limits. The Journalism Department now occupies the university's original location in downtown Moscow
Moscow
across from the Manezh, steps from the Kremlin
Kremlin
and other government buildings. Indeed, frequent student unrest, including street protests, well pre-dating 1917 may be one reason why Stalin's planners sited the university across the Moscow
Moscow
River, so far away.[citation needed] The MSU main building was the tallest building in the world outside of New York City
New York City
at the time of its construction, and remained the tallest building in Europe until 1990. The central tower is 240 m tall, 36 stories high, and flanked by four huge wings of student and faculty accommodations. It is said to contain a total of 33 kilometers of corridors and 5,000 rooms.

The university library

Facilities available inside the building include a concert hall, a theater, a museum, administrative services, a library, a swimming pool, a police station, a post office, a laundry, a hairdresser's salon, several canteens, bank offices and ATMs, shops, cafeterias, a bomb shelter, etc. Along with the university administration, the Museum of Earth Sciences and four of the main faculties – Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, the Faculty of Geology, the Faculty of Geography, and the Faculty of Fine and Performing Arts – now reside in the Main building. The star on the top of the tower is large enough to include a small room and a viewing platform; it weighs 12 tons. The building's facades are ornamented with giant clocks, barometers, thermometers, statues, carved wheat sheaves, and Soviet crests. It stands before a terrace featuring statues of male and female students gazing optimistically and confidently into the future. While the Sparrow Hills
Sparrow Hills
were on the outskirts of the city at the time of the construction of the main building, they are now about halfway from the Kremlin
Kremlin
to the city limits. Several other buildings and sports facilities were later added to the campus, including the only baseball stadium in Russia. Currently, a new building is under construction for the social sciences faculties, and another new one of vast size has just been built for the library, which is the second-largest in Russia
Russia
by volume (number of books). The university also has several dormitory buildings in the Southwest of Moscow, outside the campus. The historical building on Mokhovaya Street now mainly houses the Faculty of Journalism, the Faculty of Psychology, and The Institute of Asian and African Studies. The university includes a number of faculty buildings located near Manege Square in the center of Moscow
Moscow
and a number of campuses abroad in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan
Tajikistan
and Uzbekistan. The university's main library is one of the largest in Russia. Current estimates suggest that it contains approximately 9,000,000 volumes. The library serves in the area of 55,000 readers per year, using approximately 5,500,000 books. The university offers classes on its main campus not only in Moscow, but also on campuses in Armenia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
and Uzbekistan. These include the Puschino MSU campus, Podmoskovny MSU campus, Chernomorsky MSU campus and Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
MSU campus. The Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk
branch of MSU was reorganized into Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk
State University
University
in 1996. Faculties[edit] As of September 2009, the university has 39 faculties and 15 research centres. A number of small faculties have been opened recently, such as Faculty of Physics and Chemistry and Higher School of Television. Evening classes are conducted by the Faculties of Economics, History, Journalism, Philology, Psychology and Sociology while the Faculty of Journalism offers a correspondence degree program. Here is the full list of faculties, according to the official website:[7]

Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics Faculty of Physics Faculty of Chemistry Faculty of Materials Science Faculty of Biology Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics Faculty of Soil Science Faculty of Geology Faculty of Geography Faculty of Fundamental Medicine Faculty of History Faculty of Philology Faculty of Philosophy Faculty of Economics Faculty of Law Faculty of Journalism Faculty of Psychology The Institute of Asian and African Studies Faculty of Sociology[ru] Faculty of Foreign Languages and Area Studies Faculty of Public Administration Faculty of World Politics Faculty of Political Science Faculty of Fine and Performing Arts Faculty of Global Studies Faculty of Education Graduate School of Business Administration Faculty of Physics and Chemistry Moscow
Moscow
School of Economics Higher School of Translation and Interpretation Higher School of Public Administration Higher School of Public Audit Higher School of Administration and Innovations Higher School of Innovative Business Administration Higher School of Contemporary Social Sciences Higher School of Television Faculty of Further Education Faculty of Military Training

Transport connections[edit]

Metro:  1  Universitet station Bus: 1, 47, 57, 58, 67, 67к, 103, 111, 113, 119, 130, 187, 260, 661, 715, 902 Trolleybus: 4, 7, 28, 34, 34к, 49 Tram: 14, 26, 39

Institutions and research centers[edit]

Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics Institute of Mechanics Sternberg Astronomical Institute A.N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology Research Computing Center N.N. Bogolyubov
N.N. Bogolyubov
Institute for Theoretical Problems of Microphysics White Sea Biological Station Moscow
Moscow
University
University
Herbarium and several others

Staff and students[edit]

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Currently the university employs more than 4,000 academics and 15,000 support staff. Approximately 5,000 scholars work at the university's research institutes and related facilities. More than 40,000 undergraduates and 7,000 advanced degree candidates are enrolled. More than 5,000 specialists participate in refresher courses for career enhancement. Annually, the university hosts approximately 2,000 students, graduate students, and researchers from around the world. Academic reputation[edit]

University
University
rankings

Global

ARWU World[8] 93

National

Interfax
Interfax
Russia[9] 1

A few more narrowly specialized Moscow
Moscow
colleges, including the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Moscow
Moscow
State Institute of International Relations were split off from MSU at one time or another and have since established strong reputations of their own, arguably even surpassing their parent in terms of prestige and quality of education.

The main Building in winter

The university has well-established contacts with the most distinguished universities in the world, exchanging students and lecturers with the leading international institutions of higher education. It houses the UNESCO
UNESCO
International Demography Courses, the UNESCO
UNESCO
Hydrology Courses, the International Biotechnology Center, the International LASER Center, courses or seminars on Russian as a foreign language. In 1991 the French University
University
College, the Russian-American University
University
and the Institute of German Science and Culture were opened. The university has awarded honorary degrees to more than 60 scientists, statesmen and politicians from abroad. Many prominent university scholars and scientists in return hold honorary degrees from foreign academies and universities. Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
is one of Russia's most prestigious institutions of higher learning, and has demanding entry requirements for prospective students. Nonetheless, it performs inconsistently in international rankings. While it was placed 77th overall[10] by the Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
and 112th[11] by QS World University
University
Rankings, it was not included among the top 200 universities[12] by recent Times Higher World University
University
Rankings and came in at 296th (based on the full THE World University
University
Rankings in their iPhone application). On a highly cited and consistent ranking, Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
ranked 43rd in 2008, 44th in 2009–2011, and 45th among 300 Best World Universities in 2012 compiled by Human Resources & Labor Review (HRLR) on Measurements of World's Top 300 Universities Graduates' Performance.[13] Despite its large number of faculties, Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
seems to be strong mostly in natural sciences and mathematics (currently placed between 38th[11] and 75th[14] in the world) but considerably weaker in other disciplines. Despite the fact that it is still the highest ranked Russian university according to the three international rankings mentioned above (with the nearest Russian competitor being Saint Petersburg State University
University
that scored 300–400th), the university was consistently placed outside top 5 nationally in 2010–2011 by Forbes[15] and Ria Novosti
Ria Novosti
/ HSE,[16] with both ratings based on data set collected by HSE from Russian Unified State Exam
Unified State Exam
scores averaged per all students and faculties of university.

Russian University
University
Rankings

2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009

Ria Novosti
Ria Novosti
/ HSE

6th[17] 7th[16] 1st[18]

Forbes

– 6th[15] –

Ria Novosti
Ria Novosti
/ HSE (Multi-Faculty Universities)

1st[19] 1st[16] 1st[18]

Interfax
Interfax
/ Echo Moskvy
Echo Moskvy
(Multi-Faculty Universities) 1st [20] 1st [21] 1st [22] 1st [23] 1st [24] 1st [25]

World rankings

2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005

Academic Ranking of World Universities[26] 87th 86th 84th 79th 80th 77th 74th 78th 70th 77th 70th 68th

QS World University
University
Rankings[27] 108th

114th 120th 116th 112th 93rd 101st 183rd 231st 93rd 93rd

Times Higher Education World University
University
Rankings[12] 161st 196th 226-250th 201-225th 214th 296th 237th – – – – –

Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings
Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings
[28] 30th 25th 51-60th 50th – 33rd – – – – – –

Human Resources & Labor Review (Graduates performance)[26]

– 44th 44th 44th 43rd[clarification needed] – – –

Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
(Natural Sciences)[26]

51–75th 51–75th 51–75th 51–75th 51–75th 51–75th 53–76th 41st – – –

QS World University
University
Rankings (Natural Sciences)[28] 60th

34th 84th 44th 38th 29th 30th 29th 27th 44th –

Famous alumni and faculty[edit] Main article: List of Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
people

Famous alumni of the Moscow
Moscow
State University

Ivan Turgenev 

Anton Chekhov 

Vitaly Ginzburg 

Andrei Sakharov 

Mikhail Gorbachev 

As of 2017, 13 Nobel laureates, 6 Fields Medal winners and 1 Turing Award winner have been affiliated with the university. It is the alma mater of many famous writers such as Anton Chekhov
Anton Chekhov
and Ivan Turgenev, politicians such as Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
and Mikhail Suslov, as well as renowned mathematicians and physicists such as Boris Demidovich, Vladimir Arnold, and Andrey Kolmogorov. See also[edit]

Moscow
Moscow
portal University
University
portal

Main building of Moscow
Moscow
State University Seven Sisters (Moscow) Education in Russia List of early modern universities in Europe List of universities in Russia List of rectors of Moscow
Moscow
State University List of honorary professors of the Moscow
Moscow
State University

Notes and references[edit]

^ "MSU Height".  ^ Blinnikov, Mikhail S. (13 June 2011). Geography of Russia
Russia
and Its Neighbors. Guilford Press. p. 223. ISBN 9781606239216. Retrieved 2015-02-15.  ^ "8th edition of the Top 50 list of the most powerful computers in Russia
Russia
released". Top500.org. TOP500 Supercomputing Sites. 2008-04-16. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-10-29.  ^ News[dead link] ^ "ru:В МГУ запустили мощнейший в СНГ компьютер". Km.ru. 2008-03-20. Retrieved 2016-07-14.  ^ Figes, O. (2013) 'Just Send Me Word – A True Story of Love and Survival in the Gulag' pg. 192, Penguin Books: London. ^ MSU official site: University
University
Structure (in Russian) ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
2017 ^ Сводный рейтинг выборки университетов России ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
– 2011 Top 500 universities Shanghai Ranking – 2011 World University
University
Ranking – 2011. Shanghai Ranking. Retrieved on 2011-10-29. ^ a b "QS World University
University
Rankings 2011 Results". Archived from the original on 2011-10-02.  ^ a b Top 200 – The Times Higher Education World University
University
Rankings 2010–2011. Timeshighereducation.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-10-29. ^ "World Top 300 Universities Alumni Ranking". Chasecareer.net. Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2012-06-06.  ^ " Moscow
Moscow
State University". Archived from the original on 2011-11-18. Retrieved 2011-09-16.  ^ a b Самые сильные университеты России. Таблица. Forbes.ru.(2010) Retrieved on 2011-10-29. ^ a b c Рейтинг качества приема в российские государственные вузы–2010 Все рейтинги Лента новостей "РИА Новости". RIA Novosti (2011-02-28). Retrieved on 2011-10-29. ^ Качество приема в ВУЗы 2011: средние и минимальные баллы ЕГЭ. (в расчете на 1 предмет) по вузам, сгруппированным по профилям ^ a b М. С. Добрякова, ed. (2009). ЕГЭ и приём в вузы. Средний балл абитуриентов, поступивших в московские вузы по результатам ЕГЭ: август 2009 г.: доклад Государственног университета – Высшей школы экономики. Moscow: Гос. ун-т — Высшая школа экономики. ISBN 978-5-7598-0706-3.  PDF version ^ Качество приема в Вузы 2011: Результаты исследования Лента новостей "РИА Новости. Ria.ru. Retrieved on 2011-10-29. Archived September 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Сводный рейтинг выборки университетов России. Retrieved on 2012-04-02. ^ Сводный рейтинг выборки университетов России. Retrieved on 2012-04-02. ^ Сводный рейтинг выборки университетов России. Retrieved on 2012-04-02. ^ Сводный рейтинг выборки университетов России. Retrieved on 2012-04-02. ^ Сводный рейтинг выборки университетов России. Retrieved on 2012-04-02. ^ Сводный рейтинг выборки университетов России. Retrieved on 2012-04-02. ^ a b c Moscow
Moscow
State University. Shanghairanking.com. ^ Lomonosov Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
Archived October 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.,Lomonosov Moscow
Moscow
State University. Topuniversities. Retrieved on 2011-10-29. ^ a b World Reputation Rankings 2014 Times Higher Education (THE)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moscow
Moscow
State University.

Moscow
Moscow
State University
University
(in English)

v t e

Institutional Network of the Universities from the Capitals of Europe (UNICA)

Amsterdam (UvA) Ankara (AU) Ankara (METU) Athens Belgrade Berlin (FU Berlin) Berlin (HU Berlin) Bratislava Brussels (ULB) Brussels (VUB) Bucharest Budapest Copenhagen Dublin (UCD) Helsinki Lausanne (UNIL) Lisbon (ULisboa) Lisbon (NOVA) Ljubljana London (KCL) Madrid (UAM) Madrid (UCM) Moscow Nicosia Oslo Paris I Paris III Paris VI Paris-Dauphine Prague Riga (Latvia) Rome III Rome-La Sapienza Rome-Tor Vergata Skopje Sofia Stockholm Tallinn (TU) Tallinn (TUT) Tirana Vienna Vilnius Warsaw Zagreb

v t e

International Forum of Public Universities (IFPU)

Europe

Brussels Charles Paris III Freiburg Bologna Bucharest Lomonosov Moscow
Moscow
State Barcelona Geneva

Americas

California Montréal São Paulo Buenos Aires Chile Haiti UNAM

Asia

Peking Nankai Jawaharlal Nehru Nagoya

Africa

Ouagadougou Cheikh Anta Diop Mohammed V

v t e

The Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs

Member schools

North America

School of International Service
School of International Service
(American University) Norman Paterson School of International Affairs
Norman Paterson School of International Affairs
(Carleton University) School of International and Public Affairs (Columbia University) Sanford School of Public Policy
Sanford School of Public Policy
(Duke University) Elliott School of International Affairs
Elliott School of International Affairs
(George Washington University) Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service
Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service
(Georgetown University) John F. Kennedy School of Government
John F. Kennedy School of Government
(Harvard University) Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies
Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies
(Johns Hopkins University) Sam Nunn School of International Affairs
Sam Nunn School of International Affairs
(Georgia Institute of Technology) Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
(Princeton University) Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs
Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs
(Syracuse University) Bush School of Government and Public Service (Texas A&M University) Fletcher School of Law
Law
and Diplomacy (Tufts University) Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies ( University
University
of California, San Diego) Josef Korbel School of International Studies
Josef Korbel School of International Studies
( University
University
of Denver) University
University
of Maryland, College Park Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy ( University
University
of Michigan) Humphrey School of Public Affairs
Humphrey School of Public Affairs
( University
University
of Minnesota) University
University
of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public and International Affairs University
University
of Southern California School of International Relations Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs
Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs
( University
University
of Texas at Austin) Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies ( University
University
of Washington) Jackson Institute for Global Affairs
Jackson Institute for Global Affairs
(Yale University)

Europe

Graduate Institute Geneva Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris London School of Economics Moscow
Moscow
State University Saint Petersburg State University Stockholm School of Economics University
University
of St. Gallen

Asia

Korea University Ritsumeikan University Seoul National University Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
(National University
University
of Singapore)

Australia

University
University
of Queensland

Affiliate member schools

North America

Brandeis University National Foreign Affairs Training Center DePaul University Florida International University Fordham University George Mason University Monterey Institute of International Studies Munk School of Global Affairs New York University North Carolina State University Pardee School of Global Studies Pennsylvania State University Pepperdine University Ralph J. Bunche International Affairs Center Rutgers University John C. Whitehead School of Diplomacy and International Relations Stanford University University
University
of Miami University
University
of Oregon

Europe

Hertie School of Governance University
University
of Economics, Prague Diplomatic Academy of Vienna IE School of Arts and Humanities Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals

Asia

International University
University
of Japan Utsunomiya University National Chengchi University Ewha Womans University Nanyang Technological University Waseda University

South America

Universidad Externado de Colombia

Africa

Al Akhawayn University

Australia

University
University
of Sydney

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127296489 ISNI: 0000 0001 2342 9668 GND: 1010710-1 SUDOC: 026413973 BNF:

.