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MITSUBISHI CORPORATION (三菱商事株式会社, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shōji Kabushiki-gaisha) is Japan
Japan
's largest trading company (sogo shosha ) and a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu . Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation employs over 60,000 people and has seven business segments, including finance , banking , energy , machinery , chemicals and food .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Operations * 3 Awards * 4 Environmental record * 5 External links * 6 References

HISTORY

The company traces its roots to the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
conglomerate founded by Yataro Iwasaki . Iwasaki was originally employed by the Tosa clan of modern-day Kōchi Prefecture
Kōchi Prefecture
, who posted him to Nagasaki
Nagasaki
in the 1860s. During this time, Iwasaki became close to Sakamoto Ryōma
Sakamoto Ryōma
, a major figure in the Meiji Restoration that ended the Tokugawa shogunate and restored the primacy of the emperor of Japan
Japan
in 1867. Iwasaki was placed in charge of the Tosa clan's trading operation, TSUKUMO SHOKAI, based in Osaka
Osaka
. This company changed its name in the following years to MITSUKAWA SHOKAI and then to MITSUBISHI SHOKAI. Around 1871, the company was renamed MITSUBISHI STEAMSHIP COMPANY and began a mail service between Yokohama and Shanghai with government sponsorship.

Under Iwasaki's leadership in the late 1800s, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
diversified its business into insurance ( Tokio Marine Insurance Company and Meiji Life Insurance Company ), mining (Takashima Coal
Coal
Mine) and shipbuilding. Following his death in 1885, his successor Yanosuke Iwasaki merged the shipping operation with a rival enterprise to form the Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK) and refocused Mitsubishi's business on coal and copper mining. In 1918, the group's international trading business was spun off to form MITSUBISHI SHOJI KAISHA. MITSUBISHI GOSHI KAISHA served as the parent company of the group through World War II , during which group company Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries (launched in 1934) produced ships, aircraft and heavy machinery for the war effort.

After the war, the administration of Douglas MacArthur called for the dissolution of the "zaibatsu " corporations that dominated the Japanese economy. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was the only major zaibatsu to initially refuse this request, at the orders of president Kotaya Iwasaki , who shortly thereafter fell seriously ill. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
eventually dissolved in 1947, and under restrictive rules imposed by the occupation authorities, the employees of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shoji trading arm rebanded into 100 separate companies. Beginning in 1950, the restrictions on re-consolidation of the zaibatsu were eased, and by 1952 most of the former Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shoji had coalesced into three companies.

The current Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation was founded by the merger of these three companies to form MITSUBISHI SHOJI in 1954; Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
listed on the Tokyo
Tokyo
Stock Exchange and Osaka
Osaka
Stock Exchange in the same year. It changed its name to " Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation" in 1971. Concurrently with its relaunch, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
opened fourteen liaison offices outside Japan, as well as a US subsidiary called MITSUBISHI INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION with offices in New York and San Francisco. By 1960, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
had fifty-one overseas offices. Mitsubishi's first large-scale investment outside Japan
Japan
was a liquefied natural gas project in Brunei , committed to in 1968.

Along with Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Bank , Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation played a central role in international trading for other constituents of the former Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
zaibatsu during the postwar era, such as Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries and the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motor Company , forming a major keiretsu business group centered around the Second Friday Conference (Kinyo-kai) of company managers.

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was the largest Japanese general trading company from the late 1960s until the mid 1980s; after falling to fifth place in 1986, it embarked on a series of large overseas acquisitions together with other companies in the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
group. By 2015 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was again the top-ranked general trading company by net earnings. However, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
saw its first postwar net loss in the fiscal year ended March 2016, amid a slowdown in the Chinese economy and a slump in the commodity markets, causing Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
to lose its #1 position to Itochu .

OPERATIONS

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation has its head office in Marunouchi
Marunouchi
, Chiyoda , Tokyo. The head office is located in two buildings in Marunouchi: Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shoji Building (三菱商事ビル, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shōji Biru) and Marunouchi Park Building
Marunouchi Park Building
(丸の内パークビル, Marunouchi Pāku Biru).

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation businesses are divided into eight business sections:

* Business Service Group: Focuses on information technology . Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
is the Japanese partner of Tata Consultancy Services and operates a data center in Mitaka, Tokyo
Tokyo
. * Global Environmental investor in Lawson and Alfamart .

Of these segments, energy is the largest by far, accounting for almost half of the company's consolidated net income in the first half of fiscal year 2015.

AWARDS

In 2008 Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation was crowned In-House of the Year - Trading Company In-House Team of the Year at the 2008 ALB Japan
Japan
Law Awards.

ENVIRONMENTAL RECORD

The NEUTRALITY OF THIS ARTICLE IS DISPUTED . Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page . Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met . (September 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

This article's FACTUAL ACCURACY IS DISPUTED . Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page . Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced . (September 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

In March 1998 the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation received the quarterly Greenwash Award. It was awarded to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation for successful efforts at portraying its business operations as environmentally friendly. Through the use of public relations the corporation demonstrated to the world that their subsidiaries facility off the coast of Mexico was environmentally benign. The facility is a salt evaporation factory and is in a lagoon that also holds a Grey Whale calving ground. As of 2009, Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
held between 35% to 40% of the worldwide market for bluefin tuna.

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
was also the subject of a boycott by the Rainforest Action Network for its role in the destruction of rainforests through its forestry activities.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Official