Millbury, Massachusetts
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Millbury is a town in
Worcester CountyWorcester County is the name of two counties in the United States of America: *Worcester County, Massachusetts *Worcester County, Maryland See also

*Worcestershire, England {{Geodis, uscounty ...
,
Massachusetts Massachusetts (, ), officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * T ...

Massachusetts
, United States. The population was 13,831 at the 2020 census. The town is part of the
Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor The John H. Chafee Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor is a National Heritage Corridor dedicated to the history of the early American Industrial Revolution, including mill towns stretching across 24 cities and towns (400,000 acres ...
.


History

Millbury was first settled by Europeans in 1716 and was incorporated as a town in 1813. Millbury has a long history as a
New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States The Northeastern United States (also referred to as the American Northeast, the Northeast, and the East Coast) is a geographical region In geography G ...

New England
mill town A mill town, also known as factory town or mill village, is typically a settlement that developed around one or more mills or factories, usually cotton mills or factories producing textiles. Europe Italy * ''Crespi d'Adda'', UNESCO World Her ...

mill town
, from which the town's name is derived. The
Blackstone River The Blackstone River is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without ...
flows through the town, and during the
Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Great Britain, continental Europe Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent A continent is any of several large landmasse ...
provided much of the
water power Hydropower (from el, ὕδωρ, "water"), also known as water power, is the use of falling or fast-running water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, ...
to the town's many
textile A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking bundle of yarn Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, o ...

textile
mills Mills is the plural form of mill (disambiguation), mill, but may also refer to: As a name *Mills (surname), a common family name of English or Gaelic origin *Mills (given name) *Mills, a fictional British secret agent in a trilogy by writer Manning ...

mills
and
factories A factory, manufacturing plant or a production plant is an industrial Industrial may also refer to: Industry * Industrial archaeology, the study of the history of the industry * Industrial engineering, engineering dealing with the optimization ...

factories
. Millbury was originally the Second or North Parish of
SuttonSutton (''south settlement'' or ''south town'' in Old English) may refer to: Places United Kingdom England In alphabetical order by county: * Sutton, Bedfordshire * Sutton, Berkshire, a List of United Kingdom locations: Stu-Sz#Su, location * Sut ...
. Because traveling from one part of Sutton to the other for town meetings was time-consuming, the inhabitants of the Northern Parish petitioned the
Massachusetts General Court The Massachusetts General Court (formally styled the General Court of Massachusetts) is the State legislature (United States), state legislature of the Massachusetts, Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The name "General Court" is a hold-over from th ...
to split the town of Sutton into two separate
town A town is a . Towns are generally larger than s and smaller than , though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares an origin with the word , the word ...
s. The North Parish became the town of Millbury on June 11, 1813 by way of an act of incorporation. Millbury's industrial history begins in the early 18th century, not long after the area's settlement. In 1735, John Singletary began operating a mill on Singletary Brook, a stream flowing out of Singletary Lake. Around 1753, John Singletary built the S & D Spinning mill, which is still in operation, making it one of the oldest continuously operating mills in the United States. The mill is featured on the Town Seal. The mill also makes the inside of the Rawlings baseballs for the major league. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, after learning the trade of
firearm A firearm is any type of gun A gun is a ranged weapon designed to use a shooting tube ( gun barrel) to launch typically solid projectiles, but can also project pressurized liquid (e.g. water guns/ cannons, spray guns for painting ...
s production from their father, Asa Waters II and his brother Elijah purchased land along the
Blackstone River The Blackstone River is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without ...
and built mills producing goods such as
gun A gun is a designed to use a shooting tube () to launch typically solid s, but can also project pressurized (e.g. s/s, s for or , , and technically also s), (e.g. ) or even s (e.g. ). Solid projectiles may be free-flying (as with and s ...

gun
s,
scythe A scythe is an agricultural Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated Domestica ...

scythe
s and
sawmill A sawmill (saw mill, saw-mill) or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber Lumber, also known as timber, is a type of wood that has been processed into Beam (structure), beams and plank (wood), planks, a stage in the proce ...

sawmill
saws. In 1808, Asa and Elijah erected an armory which was successful until forced to close suddenly in 1841. It reopened at the start of the
Civil War A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same Sovereign state, state (or country). The aim of one side may be to take control of the country or a region, to achieve independen ...
in 1861, doing work for the
U.S. government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or Ameri ...
. With the wealth Asa Waters II received from his factories, he began construction, in 1826, of a
Federal-style Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815. This style shares its name with its era, the Federalist Era. The name Fed ...
mansion A mansion is a large dwelling house. The word itself derives through Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French French ( or ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Emp ...

mansion
, near the town center on Elm Street. Designed by
Boston Boston (, ), officially the City of Boston, is the and city of the of in the and 21st . The city proper covers with an estimated population of 692,600 in 2019, also making it the most populous city in . It is the seat of (although the c ...

Boston
architect
Asher Benjamin Asher Benjamin (June 15, 1773July 26, 1845) was an United States, American architect and author whose work transitioned between Federal architecture and the later Greek Revival architecture. His seven handbooks on design deeply influenced the look ...
, it was completed in 1832. It took two years to collect materials for construction of the house, including
marble Marble is a composed of recrystallized , most commonly or . Marble is typically not , although there are exceptions. In , the term ''marble'' refers to metamorphosed , but its use in more broadly encompasses unmetamorphosed limestone. Marbl ...

marble
from
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of delimited by the and surrounding it, whose territory largely coincides with the . Italy is located in the centre of th ...

Italy
and
brick A brick is a type of block used to build walls, pavements and other elements in masonry Masonry is the building of structures from individual units, which are often laid in and bound together by mortar Mortar may refer to: * Mortar (weap ...

brick
s from
Baltimore Baltimore ( , locally: ) is the most populous city The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities in all jurisdictions are classified using the same criteria. Cities may be defined as the city prop ...

Baltimore
. Known as the
Asa Waters Mansion
Asa Waters Mansion
, it is an icon of the town. President
William Howard Taft William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857March 8, 1930) was the 27th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president dir ...

William Howard Taft
spent many summer vacations in Millbury as a young boy, attending the public schools for a season. When he grew older, he visited his grandparents most summers. He visited his aunt, Delia C. Torrey, during his presidency for the occasion of Millbury's 100th birthday. The Torrey House, where President Taft stayed during his visit, is commonly called the Taft House today. In the early 1970s, Millbury experienced a number of large fires. The town hall burned down, followed by the Union School. Local realtor Manual Gonzalez-Rios donated profits from his towing company to assist in rebuilding the town hall. A
propane Propane () is a three-carbon Carbon (from la, carbo "coal") is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol C and atomic number 6. It is nonmetallic and tetravalence, tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalen ...

propane
plant near
Route 146
Route 146
exploded spectacularly, with tanks blown 100 feet or more into the air, making nationwide news. Millbury celebrated its Bicentennial in 2013 with many town events. A proposal for a casino was made in 2013, but company pulled out when it became clear that a large majority of the towns people were against the idea. Image:Millbury Center, Millbury, MA.jpg, Millbury Center c. 1905 File:Dorothy Pond.jpg, Dorothy Pond, Millbury, Massachusetts Image:AuburnMap1870.jpg, 1870 Millbury and Auburn map


Geography

According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the Federal Statistical System of the United States, U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the Americans, Amer ...
, the town has a total area of , of which is land and , or 3.20%, is water. The town is drained by the
Blackstone River The Blackstone River is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without ...
.


Demographics

As of the
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data. It provides context for data and enables decision making process. For example, a single cu ...

census
of 2000, there were 12,784 people, 4,927 households, and 3,443 families residing in the town. The
population density upright=2.05, Population density (people per km2) map of the world in 2005 Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the ri ...

population density
was . There were 5,109 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the town was 97.19%
White White is the lightest color and is achromatic (having no hue). It is the color of snow, chalk, and milk, and is the opposite of black. White objects fully diffuse reflection, reflect and scattering, scatter all the visible spectrum, visible wa ...
, 0.53%
African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that ...
, 0.15%
Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
, 1.02%
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, 0.03%
Pacific Islander Pacific Islanders, Pacificer, Pasifika, or Pasefika, are the peoples of the Pacific Islands. It is a geographic and ethnic/racial term to describe the inhabitants and diaspora of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania Oceania (, , ...
, 0.23% from
other races Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon novel), a 1971 horror novel by Tom Tryon * The Other (short story ...
, and 0.84% from two or more races.
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and B ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym), a term used in the United States for people with cultural ties to Latin America * Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States * The people or cultures of Latin America; ** Latin Am ...
of any race were 1.02% of the population. There were 4,927 households, out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were
married couples in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them ...

married couples
living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. Of all households, 24.6% were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03. In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $51,415, and the median income for a family was $62,564. Males had a median income of $41,912 versus $28,973 for females. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita in ...
for the town was $23,531. About 4.1% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the
poverty line upright=1.75, Poverty Thresholds for 2013 The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income Income is the consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which i ...
, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.


Government


Library

The Millbury public library began in 1864. In fiscal year 2008, the town of Millbury spent 1.15% ($358,097) of its budget on its public library—some $26 per person.


Education

Public schools in Millbury fall under the jurisdiction of Millbury Public Schools school district. Approximately 2,000 students are educated in three schools: Elmwood Street School, a 625 student primary school for grades Preschool – 3; Raymond E. Shaw Elementary School, a 423 student intermediate school for grades 4–6; and Millbury High School, Millbury Memorial Junior/Senior High School, a 936 student secondary school for grades 7–12.Millbury Public Schools
/ref>


Points of interest

*Worcester Flood Diversion Channel


Notable people

* Ron Darling, baseball pitcher * James Kallstrom, former head of the New York FBI office, ''Forensic Files'' (TV) * Michael O. Moore, Massachusetts State Senator * Albert L. Nash, politician * George A. Sheridan, congressman * Amos Singletary, Anti-Federalist and state delegate * George E. White (politician), George E. White, congressman * Howie Winter, member of the Winter Hill Gang


See also

* List of mill towns in Massachusetts


References


Further reading

* Benedict, William A.; Tracy, Hiram A.:
A History of the Town of Sutton, Massachusetts, from 1704 to 1876
', p. 142, Sanford & Company, 1878


External links


Town of Millbury, Massachusetts

Millbury Public Library

Millbury Historical Society

Millbury Public Schools

Assumption School

The Catholic Parishes of Millbury: Our Lady of the Assumption Parish and St Brigid Parish

A History of the Town of Millbury, MA

TheDailyMillbury.com

MillingMillbury.com - A visual journal of Millbury, MA
{{authority control Millbury, Massachusetts, 1813 establishments in Massachusetts Populated places established in 1716 Towns in Massachusetts Towns in Worcester County, Massachusetts