Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is
a major metropolitan area in Southeast Michigan, consisting of the
Detroit and its surrounding area. There are several
definitions of the area, including the official statistical areas
designated by the Office of Management and Budget, a federal agency of
the United States. Metro
Detroit is known for its automotive heritage,
arts, entertainment, popular music, and sports. The area includes a
variety of natural landscapes, parks, and beaches, with a recreational
coastline linking the Great Lakes. Metro
Detroit is also one of the
nation's largest metropolitan economies, with seventeen Fortune 500
5.2 Transit systems
5.3 Roads and freeways
8 Area codes
10 External links
Michigan census statistical areas
Detroit Urban Area, which serves as the metropolitan area's core,
ranks as the 11th most populous in the United States, with a
population of 3,734,090 as of the 2010 census and an area of 1,337.16
square miles (3,463.2 km2). This urbanized area covers parts of
the counties of Macomb, Oakland, and Wayne. These counties are
sometimes referred to as the
Detroit Tri-County Area and had a
population of 3,862,888 as of the 2010 census with an area of 1,967.1
square miles (5,095 km2).
Lower Peninsula of
Michigan map: MSA counties in dark yellow with
additional CSA counties in light yellow
Office of Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget (OMB), a federal agency of the
United States, defines the Detroit–Warren–Dearborn Metropolitan
Statistical Area (MSA) as the six counties of Lapeer, Livingston,
Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne. As of the 2010 census, the MSA
had a population of 4,296,250 with an area of 3,913 square miles
The nine county area designated by the OMB as the
Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area (CSA) includes
the Detroit–Warren–Dearborn MSA and the three additional counties
of Genesee, Monroe, and Washtenaw (which include the metropolitan
areas of Flint, Monroe, and Ann Arbor, respectively). It had a
population of 5,318,744 as of the 2010 census and covers an area of
5,814 square miles (15,060 km2). Lenawee County was removed from
the CSA in 2000, but added back in 2013.
With the adjacent city of
Windsor, Ontario and its suburbs, the
Detroit–Windsor area has a population of about 5.7
million. When the nearby Toledo metropolitan area and its commuters
are taken into account, the region constitutes a much larger
population center. An estimated 46 million people live within a
300-mile (480 km) radius of
Detroit proper. Metro
at the center of an emerging
Great Lakes Megalopolis.
Conan Smith, a businessperson quoted in a 2012 article by The Ann
Arbor News, stated the most significant reason Washtenaw County,
including Ann Arbor, is not often included in definitions of Metro
Detroit is that there is a "lack of affinity that Washtenaw County as
a whole has with Wayne County and
Detroit or Oakland County and
Ann Arbor is nearly 43 miles by car from downtown Detroit,
and developed separately as a university city, with its own character.
Smith said that county residents "just don't yet see ourselves as a
natural part of that [Detroit] region, so I think it feels a little
forced to a lot of people, and they're scared about it."
Main article: Economy of metropolitan Detroit
See also: List of companies based in Michigan
Detroit Center overlooks the city's financial district.
Detroit and the surrounding region constitute a major center of
commerce and global trade, most notably as home to America's 'Big
Three' automobile companies: General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler.
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) has a
population of about 4.3 million and a workforce of about
2.1 million. In December 2017, the Department of Labor
reported metropolitan Detroit's unemployment rate at 4.2%. The
Detroit MSA had a Gross Metropolitan Product (GMP) of
$252.7 billion as of September 2017.
Firms in the region pursue emerging technologies including
biotechnology, nanotechnology, information technology, and hydrogen
fuel cell development.
Detroit is one of the leading health care economies in the U.S.,
according to a 2003 study measuring health care industry components,
with the region's hospital sector ranked fourth in the nation.
Compuware World Headquarters
Compuware World Headquarters viewed from
Bagley Memorial Fountain
Bagley Memorial Fountain on
Casino gaming plays an important economic role, with
largest US city to offer casino resort hotels. Caesars Windsor,
Canada's largest, complements the MGM Grand Detroit, MotorCity Casino,
Casino in the city. The casino hotels contribute
significant tax revenue along with thousands of jobs for residents.
Gaming revenues have grown steadily, with
Detroit ranked as the
fifth-largest gambling market in the
United States for 2007. When
Casino Windsor is included, Detroit's gambling market ranks either
third or fourth.
There are about four thousand factories in the area. The domestic
auto industry is primarily headquartered in Metro Detroit. The area is
an important source of engineering job opportunities. A rise in
automated manufacturing using robotic technology has created related
industries in the area.
Border Transportation Partnership study showed that 150,000
jobs in the
Detroit–Windsor region and $13 billion in annual
production depend on the city's international border crossing.
In addition to property taxes, residents pay an income tax rate of
Detroit automakers and local manufacturers have made significant
restructurings in response to market competition. GM made its initial
public offering (IPO) of stock in 2010, after bankruptcy, bailout, and
restructuring by the federal government. Domestic automakers
reported significant profits in 2010, interpreted by some analysts as
the beginning of an industry rebound and an economic recovery for the
The region's nine-county area, with its population of 5.3 million, has
a workforce of about 2.6 million and about 247,000 businesses.
Fortune 500 companies are based in metropolitan Detroit.
In April 2015, the metropolitan
Detroit unemployment rate was 5.1
percent, a rate lower than the New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and
Atlanta metropolitan areas.
Detroit has made Michigan's economy a leader in information
technology, biotechnology, and advanced manufacturing.
fourth nationally in high-tech employment with 568,000 high-tech
workers, including 70,000 in the automotive industry.
Michigan typically ranks second or third in overall Research &
development (R&D) expenditures in the United States. Metro
Detroit is an important source of engineering and high-tech job
opportunities. As the home of the "Big Three" American automakers
(General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler), it is the world's traditional
automotive center and a key pillar of the U.S. economy. In
the 2010s, the domestic auto industry accounts, directly and
indirectly, for one of ten jobs in the United States, making it a
significant component for economic recovery.
The Renaissance Center, GM's world headquarters
For 2010, the domestic automakers have reported significant profits
indicating the beginning of rebound. A Center for
Automotive Research (CAR) study estimated that tax revenue generated
by the automotive industry in the
United States for a single year,
2010, amounted to $91.5 billion in state and local tax revenue and
additional $43 billion in federal tax revenue.
Southfield Town Center
Detroit serves as the headquarters for the
United States Army
TACOM Life Cycle Management Command (TACOM), with Selfridge Air
National Guard Base.
Detroit Metropolitan Airport (DTW) is one of
America's largest and most recently modernized facilities, with six
major runways, Boeing 747 maintenance facilities, and an attached
Westin Hotel and Conference Center.
Detroit is a major U.S. port with an extensive toll-free
expressway system. A 2004
Border Transportation Partnership
study showed that 150,000 jobs in the Detroit-Windsor region and $13
billion in annual production depend on Detroit's international border
crossing. A source of top talent, the University of
Ann Arbor is one of the world's leading research institutions, and
Wayne State University
Wayne State University in
Detroit has the largest single-campus
medical school in the United States.
Detroit is a prominent business center, with major commercial
districts such as the
Detroit Financial District and Renaissance
Center, the Southfield Town Center, and the historic New Center
district with the
Fisher Building and Cadillac Place. Among the major
companies based in the area, aside from the major automotive
BorgWarner (Auburn Hills),
Quicken Loans (Downtown
TRW Automotive Holdings
TRW Automotive Holdings (Livonia),
Ally Financial (Downtown
Carhartt (Dearborn), and
Compuware, IBM, Google, and
Covansys are among the information
technology and software companies with a headquarters or major
presence in or near Detroit.
HP Enterprise Services
HP Enterprise Services makes
regional headquarters, and one of its largest global employment
locations. The metropolitan
Detroit area has one of the nation's
largest office markets with 147,082,003 square feet. Chrysler's
largest corporate facility is its U.S. headquarters and technology
center in the
Detroit suburb of Auburn Hills, while Ford Motor Company
is in Dearborn, directly adjacent to Detroit. In the decade leading up
to 2006, downtown
Detroit gained more than $15 billion in new
investment from private and public sectors.
Main articles: Architecture of metropolitan
Detroit and Tourism in
Tourism is an important component of the region's culture and economy,
comprising nine percent of the area's two million jobs. About 15.9
million people visit metro
Detroit annually, spending about $4.8
Detroit is the largest city or metro area in the U.S. to
offer casino resort hotels (MGM Grand Detroit, MotorCity Casino,
Greektown Casino, and nearby Caesars Windsor).
Detroit Zoo's Arctic Ring of Life.
Detroit is a tourist destination that easily accommodates
super-sized crowds to events such as the Woodward Dream Cruise, North
American International Auto Show, the Windsor-
Freedom Festival, 2009
NCAA Final Four, and Super Bowl XL. The Detroit
International Riverfront links the
Renaissance Center to a series of
venues, parks, restaurants, and hotels. In 2006, the four-day Motown
Winter Blast drew a cold weather crowd of about 1.2 million people to
Campus Martius Park
Campus Martius Park area downtown.
Detroit's metroparks include fresh water beaches, such as Metropolitan
Beach, Kensington Beach, and Stony Creek Beach. Metro
canoeing through the Huron-Clinton Metroparks. Sports enthusiasts and
enjoy downhill and cross-county skiing at Alpine Valley Ski Resort,
Mt. Brighton, Mt. Holly, and Pine Knob Ski Resort.
Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge is the only
international wildlife preserve in North America that is located in
the heart of a major metropolitan area. The Refuge includes islands,
coastal wetlands, marshes, shoals, and waterfront lands along 48 miles
(77 km) of the
Detroit River and
Western Lake Erie shoreline.
Detroit Institute of Arts.
Detroit contains a number of shopping malls, including the
Somerset Collection in Troy,
Great Lakes Crossing outlet mall
in Auburn Hills, and
Twelve Oaks Mall
Twelve Oaks Mall in Novi, all of which are draws
The region's leading attraction is The Henry Ford, located in the
Detroit suburb of Dearborn; it is America's largest indoor-outdoor
The recent renovation of the Renaissance Center, and related
construction of a state-of-the-art cruise ship dock, new stadiums, and
a new RiverWalk, have stimulated related private economic development.
Nearby Windsor has a 19-year-old drinking age with a myriad of
entertainment to complement Detroit's Greektown district. Some
analysts believe that tourism planners have yet to tap the full
economic power of the estimated 46 million people who live within a
300-mile (480-km) radius of Detroit.
Main article: Demographics of Metro Detroit
Michigan locations by per capita income
A view of the
Detroit International Riverfront from Belle Isle.
Detroit is a six-county metropolitan statistical area (MSA) with
a population of 4,296,250—making it the 13th-largest MSA in the
United States as enumerated by the 2010
Detroit region is a nine-county
Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
with a population of 5,218,852—making it the 12th-largest CSA in the
United States as enumerated by the 2010 Census. The
Detroit–Windsor area, a commercial link straddling the Canada-U.S.
border, has a total population of about 5,700,000.
Immigration and the natural birth rate have not kept pace with the
MSA's (nor CSA's) losses from death and emigration since the 2000
United States Census.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,296,250 people, 1,682,111
households, and 1,110,454 families residing within the metropolitan
statistical area. The census reported 70.1% White, 22.8% African
American, 0.3% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander,
1.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or
Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population.
Arab Americans were at
least 4.7% of the region's population (considered white in the US
As of the 2010
American Community Survey
American Community Survey estimates, the median income
for a household in the MSA was $48,198, and the median income for a
family was $62,119. The per capita income for the MSA was $25,403. The
region's foreign-born population sat at 8.6%. The region contains the
largest concentration of
Arab-Americans in the United States,
particularly in Dearborn. The metro area also has the 25th largest
Jewish population worldwide.
In 1701, French officer Antoine de La Mothe Cadillac, along with
fifty-one additional French-Canadians, founded a settlement called
Fort Ponchartrain du Détroit, naming it after the comte de
Pontchartrain, Minister of Marine under Louis XIV. The French legacy
can be observed today in the names of many area cities (ex. Detroit,
Grosse Pointe, Grosse Ile) and streets (ex. Gratiot, Beaubien, St.
Antoine, Cadieux). Later came an influx of persons of British and
German descent, followed by Polish, Irish, Italian, Lebanese,
Assyrian/Chaldean, Greek, Jewish, and Belgian immigrants who made
their way to the area in the early 20th century and during and after
World War II. There was a large migration into the city from the
rural South following World War I.
Detroit suburbs in Oakland County, Macomb County, and
northeastern and northwestern Wayne County are predominantly ethnic
European American. Oakland County is among the most affluent counties
in the United States, with a population of more than one million.
In Wayne County, the city of Dearborn has a large concentration of
Arab Americans, mainly Christian Lebanese, whose ancestors immigrated
here in the early 20th century. Recently, the area has witnessed some
growth in ethnic Albanian, Asian and Hispanic populations.
In the 2000s, 115 of the 185 cities and townships in Metro Detroit
were more than 95% white. African Americans have also moved to the
suburbs: 44% of the more than 240,000 suburban blacks lived in
Detroit, Highland Park, Inkster, Pontiac, and Southfield.
643.01 sq mi (1,665.4 km2)
137/sq mi (53/km2)
565.25 sq mi (1,464.0 km2)
334/sq mi (129/km2)
479.22 sq mi (1,241.2 km2)
1,811/sq mi (699/km2)
867.66 sq mi (2,247.2 km2)
1,434/sq mi (554/km2)
St. Clair County
721.17 sq mi (1,867.8 km2)
221/sq mi (85/km2)
612.08 sq mi (1,585.3 km2)
2,858/sq mi (1,104/km2)
3,888.39 sq mi (10,070.9 km2)
1,105/sq mi (427/km2)
Main article: Transportation in metropolitan Detroit
Detroit Metropolitan Airport is the region's major international
airport. The McNamara Terminal's
ExpressTram is used to transport
passengers from one end of the terminal to the other
The largest airport in the area is
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County
Airport (DTW) in Romulus, an international airport that serves as a
commercial hub for
Delta Air Lines
Delta Air Lines and Spirit Airlines.
The other airports in the metropolitan area are:
Ann Arbor Municipal Airport (ARB)
Coleman A. Young International Airport
Coleman A. Young International Airport (DET) (Detroit) - General
Flint-Bishop International Airport(FNT) (Flint) - Commercial airport
Oakland County International Airport
Oakland County International Airport (PTK) Waterford Township -
Charter passenger facility
St. Clair County International Airport
St. Clair County International Airport (near Port Huron, Michigan) -
An international airport on the Canada–US border.
Selfridge Air National Guard Base (Mount Clemens) - Military airbase
Willow Run Airport
Willow Run Airport (YIP) (Ypsilanti) - Cargo, general aviation,
charter passenger traffic
Bus service for the metropolitan area is provided jointly by the
Detroit Department of Transportation (DDOT) and Suburban Mobility
Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) which operate under a
cooperative service and fare agreement. The elevated
Mover encircles downtown providing service to numerous downtown
hotels, offices and attractions. The
Woodward Avenue Streetcar has
recently began service to provide service between downtown and New
Center, and the proposed
SEMCOG Commuter Rail would extend from
New Center area to The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Detroit
Metropolitan Airport, Ypsilanti, and Ann Arbor The Regional
Transit Authority (RTA) was established in December 2012 to coordinate
the services of all existing transit providers, and to develop a bus
rapid transit service along Woodward Avenue.
Roads and freeways
Main article: Roads and freeways in metropolitan Detroit
Detroit area is linked by an advanced network of major roads
and freeways which include Interstate highways. Traditionally,
Detroiters refer to some of their freeways by name rather than route
number. The Davison, Lodge, and Southfield freeways are almost always
referred to by name rather than route number. Detroiters commonly
precede freeway names with the word 'the' as in the Lodge, the
Southfield, and the Davison. Those without names are referred to by
Surface street navigation in Metro
Detroit is commonly anchored by
"mile roads", major east-west surface streets that are spaced at
one-mile (1.6 km) intervals and increment as one travels north
and away from the city center. Mile roads sometimes have two names,
the numeric name (ex. 15 Mile Road) used in Macomb County and a local
name (ex. Maple Road) used in Oakland County mostly.
See also: List of colleges and universities in
Michigan and List of
high schools in Michigan
University of Michigan
Baker College, Allen Park, Auburn Hills, Clinton Township, and Flint
Ann Arbor and Howell
College for Creative Studies, Detroit
Concordia University, Ann Arbor
Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills
Dorsey Business School
Michigan University, Ypsilanti
Henry Ford Community College, Dearborn
Kettering University, Flint
Lawrence Technological University, Southfield
Macomb Community College, Warren and Clinton Township
Madonna University, Livonia
Marygrove College, Detroit
Michigan State University Management Education Center, Troy
Monroe County Community College, Monroe
Mott Community College, Flint
Oakland Community College
Oakland University, Rochester
Rochester College, Rochester
Saint Clair County Community College, Port Huron
St. Clair College, Windsor, Ontario
Schoolcraft College, Livonia
Specs Howard School of Media Arts, Southfield
Sacred Heart Major Seminary, Detroit
SS. Cyril and Methodius Seminary, Orchard Lake
Detroit Mercy, Detroit
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
University of Michigan–Dearborn
University of Michigan–Flint
University of Windsor, Windsor
Thomas M. Cooley Law School, Auburn Hills
Walsh College of Accountancy and Business, Troy
Washtenaw Community College, Ann Arbor
Wayne County Community College,
Wayne State University, Detroit
See also: Sports in Detroit
Professional sports has a major fan following in Metro Detroit. The
area is home to many sports teams, including six professional teams in
four major sports. The area's several universities field teams in a
variety of sports.
Michigan Stadium, home of the
is the largest
American football stadium in the world. Metro Detroit
hosts many annual sporting events including auto and hydroplane
racing. The area has hosted many major sporting events, including the
1994 FIFA World Cup, Super Bowl XVI, Super Bowl XL, Wrestlemania 23,
the 2005 Major League
Baseball All-Star Game, many Stanley Cup
Championship rounds, the first two games of the 2006 World Series, and
the last two games of the 2012 World Series.
Detroit area teams
Detroit Red Wings
Little Caesars Arena
Little Caesars Arena
various including Rynearson Stadium
Oakland University Golden Grizzlies
NCAA (Horizon League)
Detroit Mercy Titans
NCAA (Horizon League)
various, including Calihan Hall
NCAA (Big Ten)
Wayne State University
Wayne State University Warriors
NCAA (Great Lakes, CHA)
Premier Development League
Detroit City Football Club
Michigan Stars FC
Premier League of America
Oakland County FC
Premier League of America
Stoney Creek High School
Detroit Coast II Coast All-Stars
Cass Technical High School
Motor City Firebirds
Inkster Recreation Complex
Oakland County Cowboys
Walled Lake High School
Romulus Athletic Center
USA Hockey National Team Development Program
United States Hockey League
USA Hockey Arena
North American 3 Hockey League
Detroit Fighting Irish
United States Premier Hockey League
Brownstown Sports Arena
Motor City Hawks
United States Premier Hockey League
American Ultimate Disc League
Detroit Roller Derby
Detroit Tradesmen Rugby Club
Glenn W. Levey Middle School
Detroit rugby league team
Detroit Wolfetones Gaelic Football
Gaelic Athletic Association
Michigan International Speedway in Brooklyn hosts various Auto
racing: NASCAR, INDYCAR, and ARCA. The
Detroit River hosts Hydroplane
racing held by the
APBA for the
APBA Gold Cup.
Detroit is served by nine telephone area codes (six not
including Windsor). The 313 area code, which used to encompass all of
Southeast Michigan, is today confined exclusively to the City of
Detroit and several neighboring Wayne County suburbs.
The 248 area code along with the newer 947 area code overlay mostly
serve Oakland County.
Macomb County is largely served by 586.
Genesee, St. Clair, and Lapeer counties, eastern Livingston County,
and part of northern Oakland County are covered by 810.
Washtenaw, Monroe, and most of the Wayne County suburbs are in the 734
The Windsor area (and most of southwestern Ontario) is served by an
overlay complex of three codes—519, 226, and 548.
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^ a b Baulch, Vivian M. (September 4, 1999). Michigan's greatest
treasure -- Its people Archived 2007-07-31 at Archive.is. Michigan
Detroit News. Retrieved on April 4, 2009.
^ "2004–05 Community profile Oakland County" (PDF). Archived from
the original (PDF) on 9 July 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2007. Oakland
County also ranks as the fourth wealthiest county in the nation among
counties with populations of more than one million people.
^ Towbridge, Gordon. "Racial divide widest in US." The
January 14, 2002. Retrieved on March 30, 2009.
Ann Arbor -
Detroit Regional Rail Project SEMCOG. Retrieved on
February 4, 2010.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Metro Detroit.
Detroit Convention and Visitors Bureau
Michigan Council of Governments
City Charter of Detroit
Michigan's Official Economic Development and Travel Site.
"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United
States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
Michigan Lighthouse in PDF Format.
City of Detroit
Fire & Rescue
Parks and beaches
Police & Crime
Lake St. Clair
Parks and beaches
40,000 to 80,000
St. Clair Shores
Shelby Charter Township
West Bloomfield Township
Counties in MSA
Counties in CSA
State of Michigan
National Historic Landmarks
National Register of Historic Places listings
State Historic Sites
Grand Blanc Township
St. Clair Shores
Shelby Charter Township
The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United
States of America
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
San Francisco, CA
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA
San Diego, CA
St. Louis, MO
San Juan, PR
San Antonio, TX
Las Vegas, NV
Kansas City, MO
San Jose, CA
Virginia Beach, VA
Oklahoma City, OK
New Orleans, LA
Salt Lake City, UT
Grand Rapids, MI
New Haven, CT
El Paso, TX
Baton Rouge, LA
Little Rock, AR
Colorado Springs, CO
Cape Coral, FL
Des Moines, IA
Palm Bay, FL
Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012
Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 83°12′54″W / 42.358°N
83.215°W / 42.358; -83.215